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UiTnLF REPORT SEYT.
}! t;ss Kri: OX JAPANESE. president I jay* Information About nt? Francisco Before Congress. ft-js&lßSton. I>« 0 - IS.— President Roosevelt ---m n:.- to Congress to-day Secretary Met e»!f * report on the Japanese situation in San I^ancif-co. accompanying it with recommenda tion* ot Ms own. The President's message was j, follows: To the J=ri.ate and House of Representatives. I inclose herewith for your information the final report made to me personally by Secretary ygteatt the situation affecting the Japanese In ? Rn Francisco. The report deals with three gutters of controversy — first, the exclusion of the Japanese children from the Ban Francisco fchooi?; second, the boycottingr of Japanese res taurants, anii. third, acts of violence committed j^ir.st the Japanese. A* to the nrst matter, I call your especial at ,, r _;ipn to the very email number of Japanese ctil&ren who attend schrvol, to the testimony aa to the brightness, cleanliness and pood behavior 0* tt'^se Japanese children in the schools, and to tfce fact that, owing to their being scattered throughout the city, the requirement for them £1 to F^ to one special school Is Impossible of ♦alflrner.t. ar.d means that they cannot have Jchool fjirllitios. Let me point out further that jj.prp ceould be no objection whatever to ex cludir.p from the schools any Japanese on the erore of ape. It is obviously not desirable that rrunjr men thould *ro to BChool with children. The only point ia th«- exclusion of the children themselves. The number of Japanese children attending the public schools In San Francisco ins very small. The government baa already £ire<rted that Btdt I* brought to lest the consti tattonallty of the act in question; but my very ♦arne.'t hope Is that such suit will not be neces tary. and thnt as a matter of comity the citizens p? Pan Francisco will refuse to deprive these j-ounjr Japanese children of education and will permit then to jr'> to the schools. The question us to the violence apair.et the Japanese is most admirably put by Secretary Metcalf. and I have nothing to add to his state ment. I am entirely confident that, as Secretary J!etr-a!f B»T«. the overwhelming sentiment of the ftate of California is for law and order and for the protection of the Japanese in their persons tr.fl property. Both the chief of police and the jlctir.p Mayor of San Francisco assured Secre tary Uetcalf that everything post •• would be done to protect the Japanese a the city. I m thorizfd and directed Secretary IfetcsJf to state that If th'-r - was failure to protect : ions and property, th.-r, the entire power of the federal Ffvernm- :.T within the limits of the Constltu t!or< voel I b« used promptly and vigorously to enforce the observance of our treaty, the su rrerr.f law of the land, which treaty guaranteed tn Japanese residents everyrrhere ln the Union full and perfect protection for th»lr persons and property: and To this end everything in my power vp-j'.ii be done, and all the forces of the United BUtes. both civil and military, which I could tarfnlly employ, would be employed. I call es pecial sTfr.tlon to the concluding sentence of fi>crctnry MetcalTa report of November 2fl IPO6. THEOPORK ROOSEVEL.T. The VThlte House. Dec. IS. IWC. MIL METCAL.F*S REPORT. Mr. Met calf s report, which the President tHMinltted to ■:.■-• with his message. is <is.:ed November 2(3 and is as follows: In zzy r'evio-js report I said nothing us t-> v\ ctusps ieEdlr.g up to the actl:n of the School Bo I fc iwtttns *:.e resolution ct October 11 and » ♦f>ct c! men notion upon Japanese children, ■ ter.-.s < i U»e r!ty of Pan Francisco, desiring U rend t:.e public schools of that city. A r<?r»or. Un tMi matter \\i'A new be made, therefore, and. after tetcribing the locs.l public sentiment concerning the rew.: disturbances with regard to the Japanese, ea sceou&t *v:li be given, first, of the boycott main- Uir.ei by tne Cocka and Walters' Union of San Frarc!sc"> agj.Jr.st Japanese restaurants doing busi ness tn that v'.'y. nd. second, of the several ca^es cf issadt or Injury lr.nicieii upon the persona or property vf Japanese residents. It b^rrr.s that for ft-v^ra! yt-ars the Board of Edu tatlcn <>* fjn I-^ranc'sco had been considering the iWsBWBty of establishing separate schools for Ctlncsj. Japcr.ese end Cor«ran children, and on May IMCS, passed the following resolution: "Besdved, That rhe Board of Education *s deter d=t: ::. Its t-rJcr.s to effect the establishment of ifr*rjTf- reboots for Cfcir.ese- and Japanese pupils, tot only for the purpose at relieving the conges t!cc at present prevailing Ir. our ecnocls, but also for tba usher end that our children ehould not be fiir^i |a any position where the'r youthful Imi res »aas r.a> be afiectr-d i»y association with pupils of ts« lior.g< Kan rac»*." Aid or. October 11 the beard phased ihe ■ .lowing mchaiac: "Besalved. That, in acecnJanr-e with i —In!" X. S*T?T2 iSG, of the tchocl law of Ca'ifcrr.ia, princi pal a:c herel y directed to se:id all Chir.^se, Japan ♦w cr Corean children to the Oriental Publio BcioU, situated en the south s'.ie of Clay street. ■•*» ■ Pcwcll er.d Mason strt-ets, on after llncdty, October 16. l? 06." Tr» k'".'.^r. cf tiie bo^rd ln the passage of the wwlati : - of May i. I&'.'s. and October 11. l»0«, •ts undoubtedly largely intluer.cd by the activity cf th- J,'-»-.^r and Corean ExcJusJon Leapue, an BtttaJration formed for the purpose of securing the tßMtoent by ti.o Congress of the United states of » Itv <»xT.-r.r:rg the provisions cf the exlstlr.s- Chl wi>» Excloslon act so as to exclude Japanese and Certain '. - l«-agu« claims = membershlii in th-* E~tt- ef C :.'.:! crr.!a of 75.500, three-fourths of which meaabersblp Is tald to be in the city of fcan Frari tisco. T":> rr.»r-. berehlp is composed slmcft entirely d Dnsbers of labor organizations. Section 2. Ar t!r> ':. d th« constitution of the league is as lol br« "31»6 league, aa euch. ehall not adopt any measures *? toerimfcailon afrainpt any Chinese, Japttn^-se or Cprecr.s now op herfeitfter iawfully resident in the CrJted rz-r*' " Ye*.. cr. October IC, 1305. at a meeting of thp learue J*;d in S'sn Francisco, as reported In •"Tlip Pin rna>d*ea Chronicle** of October 23, 1305, a resolu tion tits l ic-ii'.ni by tli« lensjue instruotlr.tr Its cx [ <~r,:i.:.,'.iiff to Dpi' Car before tne lioard of WucaTion and ;»>tition for ee;,arat« schools for the Mongolian ■■: 'Mr»»n of San FranrJsco. 'ftj»r to the action of tr.^ leajru«% t»:e Board rf —iJuci'.i' : . a> I Rm informed, received mr»ny prf> t'ttj t't :■■. itlzens of fon Francisco, wtiot-e chll- Cr^ arere ETten^iins the jiublir schools, asair.-t Jtpases^ bf-'.-.g pf-rmittt-d to attend thos? schools. Th«6# protests v>»>re rnaiiiiy &!:*"»"■' Jajian»ree boys cr -J taea ranging !'r"m six:een to twenty-two, t»ejty -three and twenty-foar jrears of ngr at tend - BJ t. •- ;• ::. -y gr:ni«4* and i»lttlng i«p;d»* ltttle P'ri* tr.c boy; Of Beven trifi eUjbt years of a?r<?. *hw tlres», complaints became known to Ja;> tiWM residents I ;ttr. Informed ihai mrae of lh« uder prpil* eft the primary '« the day v,l.<-u the or.J'-r .if O<-t<"<rw?r 11 v\-^nt • ••:- October :0. tt.tre wera attending - of the cliv of Pan Francisco '!"-•.-•;.. J nese pcpils. Th^s^ pupils r«m r "" • ■•• • ■ twenty-three schools of the pri es T: .■:.> are elgbt (trades in the put>il< ''*■■■ It ■ Ban FYanrlwo. the first ».rade beir.ff • • eiffhth the highest— graduate '• !'•■ . •. ,•■.•.• iz.A^e lr:to ::;.- iiipii School. •- • . of QtoetF-thre« jivijile. .>-ixty-<!i;lii •et* f-: ■•.•••; and tweotyrflve in tV.e I'nited f^.U'. Xhote born in the United Estates would, w durjip. un.icr F<- tion J of \rticlf XFV of th« .' ••-•'.^ of tb* I"!::t.-.1 State*. »••• citizens <-,f i\,» ' •'■ States and <■? the .«tu;e srheretn th»-y re 1 fc. end si* each rcbj«ct to itw !a»s of the nation •» %-.. & . ■ ...,, state. • r.- i;-... ... Ir i,. pupil* atten llnsr th^ public the flay when t!:e orJ--r ■vent into effect ™>r*aj i Bfiven to twenty years. A list of II 1-';.,-,1 -';.,-, . . iding the schools, which . : st gives thr> (any : . . •. riupll nnnif 1 of school, are of pupil. rr '^'- ; te< • r birth and h.-x. Is hereto attacji^ii. Jt II be observed that Uhmm I "i" it- the ITnltt"! euxfvoo ■ | ; .. <r;t tne ef-.n^ positloii in the ciffer *" ■"■ ■■ i American children -f the saxne as«*. *,::•■ ■ se born In Japan ar*- /cry much clder.^lt •••■ '* :••-■ that the Japaseee wadentajwe dls bttuted . ::: ■•■ the grades as follows: Eighth. 17; ■wotth, 7, Fixxh IS fifth I"' fourth. 17; thira. 12. *•"■>■ 1: > first " ' -'• moaber of acbools ln S-in FrancUco pr'^r to • »•&* i«. of this Dumber a primary <j! snuatnjti - . ;....,< j hi^h scboolM we™ destroyed 18n •... . fctefc Bchool w;ui ilestxoyad by earti- Qtoie, . . ._. .- .h 00 i H . Bisee Aj.ril IS. 27 tem >>r.-r: . ...... ... v ,. t^- -•♦: erected, making the ; ./■ _ -::■■■• of Bchool bulldin«« at the iir.-Wfiu ,"" :i - 0 . ■. : Kcbool tf;f school set n;iart i'lr the : : ' • - ■'■■■ -t..^.- and ror<-an children, is In U»« 2*aed .-»■ ■•• -,r Tber* i« onlf one Ja.palle^« <*tu ■Wt Kteadlnx thta »cho<-: at th^ pres^n' tln-.e, ar:<l )~t* W( .... JapaneM cbildren r.tt..-i;-i:r.g any of «2l ot: "-' public schools 1 vl«Jt«d the Oriental Mvv.i b ■ mpaay wlUi The Japanese CSoiwul. and l^A i: to ......;,m.. favorably with raanjr of the ■*»' tctnsnrary «..,.,..,,^, -• * t*< t«*d In th* city. Th« «oui>. c* fcstnietjon is *-*«t^tly th»- wm« as at the - r :.!'.: Bcbools, *n.J competeni teacher* : ar« "^toitd •« a ut y [ n ibis Bchoo!. Nearly nil of th- TOBij aitesd njt this school bave u> '^ taught Ui«= ' 2W ! -.N" llf I IS^oVfbVSg™ ™ffi*,fr «.. remote ,ec- The conditions in £?„ rr . the Ortel >tai School, to the ereat conflfcration tl SC ? , Hre 6Uch - not be possible even for ?™,^~ hat ,v, v w °uld not be distances to attend , hl^ dd m? n I 1I 1 / 1"*1 "* "■ r « mote th* board stand f then and if n lf v! he . aotlon of vtded In n,-Mi»t7,.,' it! Ti' " no •chonis arc pro their condemnation U«♦ l '\°. ple were ©"spoken in they W,, I,; ,ni R of , thls course, savin* that Aniorl f r voim^- exactly the same «tand agralnst primary •* T n of , slmllar attending the Je""on*pSml t« am rrank to say that thla ob of"hi? £-7, , t0 me a must reasonable one. All In thelr^n uf?! *".'^ 111 the state have Inserted Cor An mSJSE 11 " Pla . nkß !n favor of Japanese and l£e -ui«t?,~ luslon ' J and on March 7, 1606. the state iftioi I,m t.l" 488 *! a jolnt resolution urging that an dimM^L 1 ' by treat >' or otherwise: to limit j^ms t th:h h : &? t ss r^s B ;- ff ~ uon of Japanww >,„]>'? Fk 6s " of San Francisco pretty generally up thi 2tti^* ct i on of th Board of Education. Of rmtw, .ttlrude. of the more violent and radical news- Papers it Is unnecessary to apeak further than to •x. thnt ' h * lr ton U the usual one of hoetiliy to Mongol hordes." and the burden of their claim Is that Japanese are no better than Chinese, and that lv £?• reason* which dictated th« exclusion of the Chinese call for the exclusion of the Japanese as well. The temper and tone of the more conservative newspapers may better be illustrated by an eplt °i m * °LL hh * lr argument upon the public school <jues- Uoi That argument practically la as follows: The public kchools of California are a state, and not a rederal. Institution. The state has the power to abolish those Fohools entirely, and the federal gov ernment would have no right to lift Its voice In protest. Upon the other hand, the state may extend the privileges of Ha schools to aliens upon such terms a? It, the state, may elect, and the federal povernmert has no right to question Its action in this regard. Primarily and essentially the public schools are designed for the education of the citi zens of the Etato. The state Is Interested in the education of its own citizens alone. It would not for a moment maintain this expensive institution to educate foreigners and aliens who would carry to their countries the fruits of puch education. Therefore, if it should be held that there was a dis crimination operating In violation of the treaty with Japan In the state's treatment of Japanese children, or even if a new treaty with Japan should be framed which would contain on behalf of Japanese subject* the "most favored nation" clause, this could and would be met by the state, which would the exclude from the use of its Dubllc schools all alien children of every nationality and limit the right* of free education to children of Its own citizens, for whom the system Is primarily designed and maintained, and if the 6tate should do this the federal government could not complain, since no treaty right could be violated when the children of Japanese were treated precisely as the children of all foreign nations. T:.f» feeling In the state Is further Intensified, es pecially in labor circles, by the report on the con ditions ln the Hawaiian Islands as contained in Bulletin No. ft of the bureau of labor. Department of Commerce and Labor. The claim Is made that white labor ha.* been almost entirely driven from the Hawaiian Islands, and that the Japanese are gradually forcing even the Email white traders out of business. Many of the foremost educators lr. the state, on the other hand, are strongly opposed to the action of the San Francisco Board of Education. Japanese are admitted to the University of California, an institution maintained and supported by the state. They are also admitted to. and gladly welcomed at. Stanford University. San Francisco, so far as known, is the only city which haa discriminated ntralnfit Japanese children. I talked with a number of prom!"-»nt labor men. and they all Bald that they had no jectlon to Japanese children attending the prlmar grades; that they wanted Japanese chil dren n-w In the United States to have the same fchool privileges as children of other nations but that they were unalterably opposed to Japanese young 1 men attending the primary grades. The objection to Japanese men attending the primary praties could very readily b«- met by a simple rule limiting the nges of all children at tending those grades. All of the teachers with whom I talked while in San Francisco spoke in the highest terms of the Japanese children. Baying that they were among the very best of -.heir pu pils, cleanly In their persona, well behaved, stu dious and remarkably bright Th« Board of Education of Bon Francisco de clined to rescind its resolution of October 11. claiming that, having established a separate school for Chinese. Japanese and Corean children, trie provisions of Section 1562 of the Political Code be came mandatory. BOYCOTT. A boycott was maintained in Ban Francisco from October o to October 34 by members of the Cooks and Walters' Union against Japanese restaurants dote* business ln that city. Nearly an of the lead ers of labor organizations In San Francisco, inter viewed on this subject, disclaimed any knowledge of any formal action being taken for the boycot ting of thtse restaurants. They admitted, however, that there was a decided lentlment In the unions against patronizing Japanese restaurants, and that thai Feutiment was created and fostered by Ej.eeches in union meetings and by personal action of the different members, with the object of not only preventing union labor men. but the publio as well, from patronizing these restaurants. The secretary, us also the business agent, of. the Waiters* Union. Local No. SO. headquarters at No, lli>s Scott street. San Francisco, said that no reso lution against Japanese restaurants had been parsed by their union, but that It was urged in their meetings and by different members of the union to themselves refrain, and to keep the pub lic as well from patronizing such restaurants; that for three weeks In the early part of October men were employed by the Cooks and Walters union to stand In front of Japanese restaurants on 3d 6treet and distribute matchboxes, on which was pasted a label, as follows: "White men and wom en, patronize your own race"; that this was not, Btrictly speaking, a boycott, as a boycott must be Instituted through the labor council. As a natter of fart, a most effective boycott ■was maintained against nearly all of the Japanese restaurant* located in Ban Francisco for a period of at Jeast three weeks Pickets were stationed In Iron of the«e restaurant?, and every effort was made to prevar.t people from patronizing them. At time? etones were thrown and windows broken, and in one or two Instances the proprietors of toe rontaurar.ts were struck by these stones. BOYCOTTER3 BOUGHT OFF. Mr. Metcalf then tells of talks with proprietors of Japanese restaurants. In which It was learned that prospective patrons had been assaulted and brick and other tilings thrown through the win dows and doors with the apparent connivance of at Insist some policemen, He also tells of a meeting of Japanese restaurant keepers at which legal proceedings to break the boycott were dis cussed, and of. their decision later that this would be too expensive. The report continues: They t!i«n determined to pay money to the boy cottars anj appointed a committee for that pur pose. The committee consisted of S. Imura. G. Husriharu. Y. Kobayasnl and Mr. Nakashirna. The sum of $3."<> was collected by this committee from th* restaurant keepers, ln amounts ranging from $17 1/] to IJJ. An arrangement was entered into with the leader of the buycotters, whoso name was «;n!v known to S. Imura. Cor the payment of the fcun'i of tSM for the purpose of declaring the boy cott iff. aura declined t" give tne name of the man to whom the «ey was paid, clalmli that he h.td pf'JJuised not to do bo, but If necessary ha would furnish the name to the Japanese consul. Before leaving San 1- ranclsco the consul Informed me that W. S. Stevenson was the man to whom the nioney was paid. The Bum Of HOO was paid by t herk at the : ese-Amerioan Bank, in Butter ttre.-t t>an Francisco, the check being made pay :.b!<- to the order <>f W. S. Btevenson There were present at th* tlmi this check was paid S. Imura. O Sugihara and some member?, bo Imura ?aid. of the iißrk probably rlerks. The balance of J2."0 agreed ui>on was to have been paid on Monday, Oc to!x-r ?J, but thi man Stevenson did not call for i ! i~ money, und I was informed that it had not been Ti&id v" to the time of mv departure from San Francisco. The boycott stopped with the payment of the money. _ , All of the restaurant keepers united In stating that their business had fallen off at least two-third. during the period of the boyoott. There have been c number of boycott, of white restaurants In Pun Francisco. Oakland and other citi*"-- in California in the las' five or Eix year. pmwin* out of labor disputes These boycotts have » »^,, rnnntnlrK-d for week? Nt a time, and during ...... threat? have been -m>le find Beta f violence have f.een committed. Pickets ha\-e !,w>n sfatl.ned in front of the restaurants, and the names even <T customers entering Mi« restau ra'it« have b^n taken flwn and reported. I «nw the rhief of police, a« also H. rT. Colhy, • aiifiin of ')o!lco In r'.vtre" of the district In which ißOf>t of the .Tarnne«« restaurants are located, and v.b» in'orme.! M' !>->th o* the-e oftlcru th«t an Hnr.n as tb'i.r retention ■.. called to tr>« <l!sturr> ;.,,.._ on M street, officers were detailed nt earn «if tie .T:«i<ane«*. rostajirrtnt 1 " nt .each meal hour, and that*h» officer.* were lnptm^ted to firreFt II nnv vfnlatl •" o* the law wns committed. nrt<l that ..fter the ntHr-era were p. gtntloned there were no iii«turbanee« or violation* of the law. The chfef of police ««<>ured ma t>:at every effort wouM >•<• tnmlo by htm to prote-t •» ... Jnr>ane«e, re«taun*nta 1n Sun nrtic-n and that nil violators <-,f t'-e li«w wnnM be ...... -. • .... Vh<»(l. The 4<-tlnr Mivor of San Frnnrf«»-o p'- 1 " -.sMii-e^ me thnt he "•oiiM co-onerntf with tho PoHc* I>epHrtment of the HtT and would jw thnt i^v^rythlng nowlble, wan <lore to protect Japanese ijii>v lefts riTi'T prevent violation* of law. am Bntl«ft>d from laouirlea mad" by me sno *mm •t.itet'x-nff mrirte \r, TO e by t!l^ .Tapan»s<» recfmjrnnt kee^en« tbnt the thro wi ■' stone" :-nd Ji»-*»Vln<? i*t win<l<->w« were rot ii^nc by t!i" men ulflcetlnr the • •■;-■• ta but hy rotJng m»n f>n<i hoy« 'v?k> hnrt (t er«d In front of the res taurant- as •onn ■■•••'■ •• wan lnßtltuted. AFSATTI^TS. Ajtffaults have from time to time been made, unon r,tTMm#*e si:))je<-fs resident In the ''" of Ban PnnrlwO' wi» Informal by the chief of police ,, , 'ition re^etp' of if commnnl-ntioii from the t-,'..-,n'ese rorful he at on'-e tn^t'-'i-'t* f! captains of , ' (1,., tn mnke every eff-irt to ston then,, assaults, ',' !• r*re*sanr, to assign nic-n lv '■lt!zer,« # clothes '. , .. -i-'oni'iM.-ii the i.urpjse. I Jpr-wA tt best. In orrler to pel :(t the exact r , . r J <.» triU-- the fiftt^me.ntH of tbe Japanese who i ii.-.-ti io ht»v* been jispMiilteri Tb'-we statements ' rpVen at the .Ir)r,ar-e'--e consulate, In Kiri Fran *\ i,^. t P MeD. Oar«tner, internreter in ttie, ! >..r.iti!i f-ervi-e at Pm Francisco, nml K. ;" 1!:1 -\ r . \.j "■ Ippi't"""- MHdenl in the w» tl i. )r -ln.-s » ! .'» \ t'riversitv of C^UfomUi; Rlne« these -tnte ' , ', jp tlie wcrdii of the iiettms themiwlvw rn 'T" »v,nir n.« li'.t'iinir •■!«» ro'ild, *».i-ti grounds »« " r ."o'i! '»'•" whM' »o foTiii.i '■ <-O!!iiiI«!nt .if vlo *' , r ' "ih. y ■■V ' I< ' ro <- r)v »'> 'n full _. ■„ f-,,]i<i\v .-itJii'-iiients itv nineteen Japanese, mi. f ?»«taulti" *inw nf them of ;i serious ÜBUtr". TIM- rv»j} * >y "' 'nit-irks ■■' ' am intorined. will; but w.f fcxVoU"'". w<r * m " id " * ucu By yuL**ui+i> mm in NEW- YORK DAILY TRTBUXE. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER If). 100(1. the Immediate neighborhood. Most of them were made by boys and young men; many of them were vicious in character, and only one appears to have been made with a view of robbing the person at tacked. All these assaults appear to have been made subsequent to the lire and earthquake in Ban rancisco. and my attention was not called to any assaults made prior to April 18, 1906. Dr. P. Omorl, of the Imperial university of Tokio. one of the world's most distinguished scientists and, an stated by Professor George Davidson, of the University of California, one of the greatest living authorities in selsmogxaphy, sent to San Francisco by the Japanese government to study the causes and effects of the earthquake, wa. stoned by hoodlums in the streets of San Francisco. Professor T. Nakaniura. professor of architecture In the Imperial University of Toklo. was also stoned In the streets of San Francisco by young toughfi and hoodlums. Dr. Omori was also as saulted when visiting Eureka. CaL Neither of these eminent gentlemen made formal complaint of these assaults, and wished that no official recog nition be taken of them. I know that these assaults upon the Japanese are universally condemned by all good citizens of California. For months the citizens of San Fran cltco and Oakland have been terrorized by numer ous murders, assaults and robberies, both at day and night. The police have been powerless. The assaults upon the Japanese, however, were not made, In my Judgment, with a view of robbery, but rather from a feeling of racial hostility. stirred up. possibly, by newspaper accounts of meetirtcrs that have been held at different times relative to th*» exclusion of Japanese from the United States. The police records of San Francisco show that between May 6. 1906. end November 6, 1905, 290 cases of assault, ranging 1 from simple Rssaults to — saults with deadly weapons and assaults with mur derous Intent, were reported to the police of San Francisco. Of the number bo reported, save were for assaults committed by Japanese and two com plaints weijc made against Japanese for disturb ing: the peace. The Japanese population ln San Francisco Is about COO". The total population of San Francisco to-day la estimated to bo between 525.n00 and 350.000. While the sentiment of the state of California, as manifested by the publio utterances of the Japan ese and Corean Exclusion League, by articles in many of the leading newspapers in the state, by declarations of the political parties in their plat forms and by the passage of a Joint resolution by the state Legislature on March 7. 1906, Is li favor of the exclusion of Japanese coolies, yet the over whelming sentiment In the state Is for law and or der and for the protection of Japanese in their per sons and their property. The, chief of police of the city of Ran Francisco, as aim the Acting Mayor of the city, assured me. that everything possible would be done to protect the Japanese subjects in San Francisco, and they urgently renuested that all cases of assault and ail violations of law affecting the Japanese be at once reported to the chief of police. I impressed very strongly upon the Acting Mayor of the city, as also upon the chief of nolice. tho gravity of the situation, and told them that, as officers chareed with the enforcement of the law and the. protection of property and person, you looked to them to fee that all Japan* subjects resident In San Francisco were afforded the full Srotectlon guaranteed to them by our treaty with apan. I also Inform them that, if the local au thorities were not able to cope with the situation, or If they were negligent or derelict in the perform ance cf their duty, "then the entire power of the federal government within the limits of the Con stitution would be used, and used prompt nnd vigorously, to enforce observance of treaties, which, under the Constitution, are the supreme law of th« land, and to secure fit and proper treatment for the people of a great and friendly i>-wer while within the territory of the United States." If, therefore, the police power of Ban Francisco In not sufficient to meet the situation and guai ajvl protect Japanese residents in San Francisco to whom under our treaty with Japan we guarantee. "full and perfect protection for their persons end property." then. it peems to me. It is clearly the duty of the federal government to afford such pro tection. All considerations which may move a na tion, every consideration of duty In the preserva tion of cur treaty obligations, every conslderntlon prompted by fifty years or more, of close friendship with the Empire of Japan, would unite In demand bur, It seems to me. of the United States govern ment and all its peortle, the fullest protection and the highest consideration for the subjects of Japan. Attached to Mr. Metcalfs report la a list of Japanese students In San Francisco, editorials from newspapers of that city, including transla tions from the "Japanese American," and corre spondence between the city authorities and tho Japanese consul. ANOTHER HONOLULU EEPORT. Japanese Consul Quoted as Making Indis creet Eeference to the Maine. Honolulu. Dec IS. — The Japanese Consul here says that the visiting ecjuadron which will ar rive In Honolulu in February will not proceed to San Francisco, as originally Intended, because a repetition of the Maine disaster is feared, owing to the alleged overwrought condition of American feeling. JAPANESE CAPTURE HAWAIIAN TEADE • i Returning Commissioner of Immigration Reports Conditions in the Islands. Sun Francisco. D«o. 18.— Frank P. Sargent, Com missioner of Immigration, r I .-. I >m Honolulu yesterday on the Japanese liner I mi. Commissioner Bargeat said that the Japanese were fast displacing sU shopkeepers, carpenters and tradesmen gener U UonaJitlea In the islands. The Japanese pop . islands is. however, rather on : :. ■ 'jut of the Japanese rush for th! 1 ; Hundreos of them are monthly arrivtn lulu, but their stay there Is brief t heir:? bound fi>r the mainland. FAVORS NAVAL CHANGES. Mr* Foss Will Introduce President's Personnel Bill. Trlbuns Bur "Washington, Dec. 18. — Chaim of the Housa Naval Affairs Committee said to-day that lie was thoroughly in accord with the Pn In favor of legislation to prom A - to command in the navy*, and that introduce the naval personnel bill as i mended by the Presldex:L The the President on the subject of na a great impression among all bera of Congress Interested In tl.- navy, and there is a disposition to urge the leg this session with great vis Representative Fobs is able to command a good deal of support In the H measures, and the ad^ legislation are encouraged by the pre the chairman of the Naval Committee will strive to have tn« bill pn snort The outlook, h i.s not com ■• as the House era have declared themstlves strongly i ; m legislation thla sea la sweeping re rganizatlon of the oommirisioned force of th-; navy, such aa ia propoaevi In the personnel bill, is not the kind of subject which the Hou. ■■ ers care to have thrown Into the arena t cusslon at a session of sixty days, with barely • i consider the appropriation bills. A question lias arisen among the members of the Naval Committee of tho House n* t.> whether Secretary Bletealf, who has just taken charge of the Navy Department, *■' ■ the committee In the h* arinsrs being given by the committee, or whether Mr. Bonaparte, now Attorney ''.eneral. should be th* I officer summoned to tell what the navy i for the coming year. Th<» complication has arisen because of the shift made In thr-ae places Jusl as Congress la preparing the Naval Appro n ;■!!:. The chit's of most of the Navy Department bureaus have been heard by the House Naval Committee, and it Is now the Beo •retary of the Navy's turn. As Mr. Bfetcalf has been occupied with duties in no way related to the navy there seems to be no reason for calling on the new head of the navy to urge special legislation for the service before Congress at this MIXOIt BILLS PASSED. Senate Acts on Several — 3/r. Mor gan Talks on Panama. Washington, Deo. 18. — The Senate devoted nearly four hours to-day to the consideration of unob- Jecu-d bills on Its calendar. The result was the j.jiH-iiaie »1 a number of measures of minor Impor tance. The special message from the President TrniiFrnlttliipr the sport of Secretary Metc-iif on conditions In :--->: ---> Francisco 1:. connection with th« tpanese agitation was read The Urrent De- Qclency Appropriation bill was also passed. i Senator Galllngrer Introduced an amendment to the pendlnK bill to prohibit child labor, ile would dre vent i-iilMreii under fourteen years from en tuKlriK In carrying messages, running errands. shining shoes or any of the so-called street eni nlovment* as well as working In stores and f;ic tnries He exe.miits I'UKesi in tha Hemte and U>« House between the. hros of twelve and sixteen or children between these uses who are actually learning trade*. Ii- civliiß notice that at an early riato ho would nil -tin hlf ''111 to control the direction ami nian ' I .o.r,it of the raiutma Hallroafi, Senator Morgan rfmnVked that, as he read the I 'resident's Panama .,* «-avi> ilouM was expressed urn t«> the ph» ''* ! lociUton of tl"e <J.itun darn. The President, |"1!"" 1! " ia ).,,.] ninJe an earnest dt-iiund <vi Congress I,*, mijo. "a sslon t(> f^Mrf- the passage f the bill r ' i i-1 canal find that Mil h*d pns*?d -'It is i' ' l'fite tii na\e Ui« reputation :i* .i!i engineering officer'] added Mr. Morgan, "but it ...ay not be too late to save tb> government from enormuu* loaa. There's A Merry Christmas For You. All Healer- Sell Evan*' Ale. C. 11. EVANS & SON*. Established 17S1. HUDSON, N. T. CREDIT CURRENCY BILL House Committee Approves One Like Thai of Bankers. Washington, Dec. IS. — The House Committee on Banking and Currency decided to-day to make a favorable report on a Credit Currency bill which Is only slightly different from the. measure advocated by the American Bankers' Association. Ten Republicans attended the com mittee rneetinsr to-day, and all supported the measure agTeed upon, while the four Demo crat. present opposed it. The Democrat, in at tendance were Representatrrea Glass, of Vlr frinia; Lewis, of Georgia; Glllesple, of Texas. and Legare, of South Carolina. In the bill advocated by the bankers it was provided that a tax of 2l£ per cent should b*» paid by national banks on credit currency equal to 25 per cent of their capital. The commltt-e Increased the tax on such banknotes to '■'• per cent. No change was made In the provision that it national bank may also take out a further amount of national bank .guarantee credit notes equal to 12% per cent of its capital with inter est at the rate of o j»er cent. Another change of ada by tha - that national bank- Ing associations de tiring to take out credit notes and lv- a outstanding; in excess of. 82% per cent of their paid-up capital may r . such excess without reference to the limitation of (3.000.000 each m< nth prescribed by the act of July 12 18S2 ported ext< privilege of Issuing y to national L : UtUtion. whli . nln business for one year and have a ,ual to 20 per cent of their capita] ' na] bank guaranteed credit notes authorized by the bill may be taken out for issue without a deposit of United States bonds as now required by law. The notes will be of form and denominations drsiErnated by the Controller of the Curren , It th . ■ . las reported by the Hou : • . ■; :■ -. na] bank meeting will be permitted to 1 r credit currency for every $100,000 of 11 ipital It Is maintained by the su; ; ■ the bill that it will afford ty in the currency to relieve the pressu. Ups at crop moving ii tnken mate the amou ire would afford al - 000. BILL TO RELEASE MONET. Mr. Depew Would Have Customs Receipts Deposited with Banks. [From The Trtbur.-s B-jreau.l Washington, Dec, 18. — Senator Depew Intro duced in the Senate to-day a bill providing that revenue from customs shall be deposited directly in banks which are United States depositaries, and he believes that this practice will largely obviate those periods of money stringency such as the country generally, and New York es pecially, Is now experiencing. Speaking of. the measure, Hr. Depew Bald to-day: The continued stringency of the money mar ket la affecting mest seriously the business in terests of the country and may ultimately miti gate tho general prosperity which the nation is enjoying. Obviously the rate of interest ln New York ought not to be higher than it Is in thy other great financial centres c: the world. But under existing conditions the rate ot Interest Is most variable, it fluctuates seriously, sometimes as much as 20 per cent in a single day, and Just now, for Instance, is far above the legal rate of Interest in, : believe, any state in the union. As long ns thla condition provuils, or Is likely to prevail. It is Impossible for New York to become what it ought to be, the greatest financial cen tre in the world. It seems to mo obvious that one of the factors most influential in producing this condition la the fact that when times ure good, and customs receipts large, the federal Treasury collects and absorbs a great portion of the currency, absorbs it because there is no provision in the law that th« money so collected shall bo deposited in the national banks where it may return to the gen eral circulation. This money belongs to the people just as much as the Internal revenue re ceipts, which are deposited Immediately In those banks which have qualified as government de positories. On the payment of a Just Interest the public should have the use of tho cuatorri3 receipts, and their re-turn to circulation would go a long way toward preventing money Ftringency. Of course, in times of extreme emergency the Secretary of the Treasury exercises a discre tion, the legality of which has been questioned, to relievo spasmodically the money market by making generous deposits of thei surplus In the national banks. But no such extraordinary dls cret'.on should b* vested ln nnv single orHclal. while it Is obvious that the financial system of the country should work automatically as Is the case in all count: which are financially highly organized. I have long been contemplating the Introduc tion of a bill along the lines of the one I offered to-day. It Is very pimple. It merely amends the existing law by removing the exception now made of customs receipts, where if Is provided that federal /revenues may be deposited, under certain conditions, in national banks. With this amendment the operation of the law would be uniform with regard to nil revenue, and the end obtained would prove most desirable. I believe it would almopt, if not entirely, obviate the Period* of money stringency which are so harmful. CHILD LABOR IXQUIRY. Senate Passes Bill for One hi/ Com merce and Labor Secretary. [Prom Tha Trtbutifl Bureau.] Washington, Dec IS. Senator Lodge secured the pasage In the Senate to-day of a bill In structing the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to make a thorough Investigation of the condi tions attending tho employment of child and woman labor throughout the country, and to send to Congress .a comprehensive report on the subject. This bill has been on the calendar for some time, but Mr. Lodge to-day called it up and pushed It through, ana will now exert his Influence to secure its passage by the House. I: the bill Is enacted it will. In the opinion of the Senator from Massachusetts, result in there being laid before Congress next session data which will almost compel the enactment or a measure prohibiting the transportation of goods the product of child labor ln Interstate or for eign commerce. Mr. Lodge regards it as highly improbable that the bill providing for this pro hibition will be passed this session. it in. In fact, an impossibility to pass any legislation which will provolw extended dchatn or exclt« serious opposition In a short session. But he believes that with tin report which the Secre tary of Commerce and l^ibor will make, If the bill calling for an Investigation passes the House, thtir»» will be little difficulty m m surinic the enactment of tUu desired prohibition at the next ucbslon. A Dainty Delicious lIOLII- AY GIFT The Standard of Purity and Excellence Speaking of an acceptable holiday suggestion none ar> peals with more persuasiveness than a five pound box of Repetti's delicious Caramels. Chocolates, Bonbons and Glace Nuts and Glace FraiL CANDY PEBBLES— The original and only genuine. Our confections are guaranteed absolute! \ pure, of vuperior quality, wholesome and nutritious. CHRISTMAS NOVELTIES Before selecting your Xmas Gifts we invite you to inspect our large assortment of direct imported fancy hand painted boxes and baskets, novelties and dinner favors which have been selected with great care. MAIL ORDERS Will h ave Prompt and careful attention; order early and your candy will be carefully and daintily packed and shipped on any day you desire. Broadway and 42d /jg -*/ f ■*• 46 W. 125 th Street / f>S /* i } //jig 431 Fifth Avenue f LlJ iAyl/Vi^\ 328 Columbus Avenue 120 Broadway 7 85 Wall Street — . .^» . r* n s~* • lireviin Hotel j Ihe (jreat Canary (jenxus. All stores open until midnight. FOR FREER ALCOHOL. Senator Hansbrough's Bill Would Let Farmers Bun. Distilleries. ' '-"- ■ The Tribune Bureau. 1 Washington. Dec. — An amendment to th» denatured alcohol law was offered in the Senate to-day by Senator Hansbroujrh. of North 'Da kota, which if adopted promises to revolutionize the production cf denatured alcohol and accom plish th* end sought by the enactment of last session, an end that law has so far failed to at tain. When Congress passed the Free Alcohol act of last session. It supposed It was making it possible for farmers throughout the country to convert their waste products, most of which are so convertible, into denatured alcohol, which they could utilize to run thrasher engines, pump water, and produce other power at home, or else store It and finally sell to those In need of ma terial for power, heat or lighting purposes. When, however, tho experts of the Department of Agriculture came to analyze tha bill, they found that it would do nothing of the kind. It might ultimately result in somewhat cheaper fuel for owners of automobiles and those who make a business of producing power, but there was. according to Dr. Wiley, of the Bureau of Chemistry, nothing which would make It prac ticable for any one to produce alcohol unless they made a business of it, and conducted a still which will produce from seven to ten gallons a day. It la to remedy this situation and achieve the purpose which prompted most members of Congress to vote for last year's law that Senator Hansbrouen has devised and introduced, the amendment offered to-day. The Senator found that in Germany farmers conduct small stills on their own farms, and so convert their waste products Into alcohol, which, on Ita being denatured, they are free to make such use of as they may see fit. To accomplish tills end. the farmer erects his still and then sends for the revenue officer, who attach a "container" made according to government regu lations. The revenue official seals th* con tainer, and into it goes all the alcohol distilled, the producer being unable to touch the distilled product without breaking the seal, for which there Is, of course, a heavy penalty. 'Whan the producer tlnds his Btlll practically full, he calls the revenue officer, who detaches the container, gauges and measures its contents, witnessed the process of denaturing:, and then permits the producer to devote his product to any purpose he chooses. Senator Hansbroug-h believes that the existing law can benefit only the "trusts the alcohol and the wood alcohol makers, but that by th* adoption of the amendment he offered to-day the production of denatured alcohol and th» utilization of many waste products which are now lost, will be placed within the reach of every farmer who tills any considerable amount of land, and that where on* farmer has not sufficient wastage to operate a still, sweral farmers) can combine In its operation, and thus derive the benefit of the law. Walla It Is re garded as probable that certain interests will oppose the amendment, the Senator from North T>akota believes that moat members of Congress Intended to do last year Just what this amend ment will accomplish, and for that reason ex pects that It will receive generous support. m FINISHES FUEL EXPERIMENTS. Professor Lucke, of Columbia, Completes In itial Investigation, -with Alcohol. Professor C. E. L.ucke, of Columbia, haa com pla,ted the first of a series of experiments for tha United States government regarding the advan tages of alcohol as a fueL The exact result of his experiments will not be made public until the bulletin that is to be published by the government la a few weeks has been Issue.!. Professor Lucke raid, however. that in a gen eral way the experiments had shown that, as fuel, both alcohol and gasolene had their peculiar ad vantages, 'me experiment* have been raada with a tarn number of different types of engines, and the exact amount of work done by each engine with each kind of fuel ha* been measured. Accu rate a.-.-.! in' was taken of th» amount* of difterint fuels necessary to produce certain results., and from this the relative efficiency Doth of the engine* and the fuels used could be Judged. Of the question of economy. Professor Luck* said It would be impossible to Judge before h» knew at what price denaturlzed alcohol would sell. Ha believes, however, that for certain purposes alcohol even though Its cost may be slightly greater. will be a more desirable fuel than iraao lene. CAX AID IMMKrRAXTS. South Carolina's 'Activities Upheld by Secretary Straus. Washington. Dec. 18.— Decision was Kivvn by Secretary Straus of the Department of Commence and Labor to-day as to the right of a ntut« to in duce Immigration to that state. The decision holla, in brief, that In the circumstances there Is no vio lation of the Immigration laws or of OH law to pro hibit the importation of alien contract laborers in th* action of Bouth Carolina in encouraging Imml jrratlon to that state or in paying the necessary el penses of the immigrants hi coming to the state For some thus the agricultural and manufactur ing industries of Souff' Cnmthia hay« bees retard ed .uid were In dang-r of material inmty on ac count of th« tack ••' tabor. The L*st*t»tnni uu<.«».i *a act creating a state department of AartculTUT^ /*s^ -&^ 9 CARAMELS j PCCPLATES BOM BDNS& r|itf* We won't keep you waiting ont ■ the cold. Our Winter overcoat stock is M full and generous that no matter what style or quality you want, you can probably wear just the right coat out of the store. Winter overcoats. $16 to s-i"j.s -i"j. Did you ever realize how many things we have suitable for Xmas gifts? Rogers, Peet & Company. Three Broadway Stores. 253 842 1260 at at at Warren st. 13th a- 32nd at. i Every Train a i TwO'Hour Train I From? a.m.toap.m. I ' To PHIUDELPHIA I / VIA 8 New Jersey Central 1 I To PHIUDELPHIP) New Jersey Central il Train Every Hour \ on tho Hour \ .e»T«W. 3.1 st. lv: ..untie* -•--■- ■_- \ __i«onsWEST SO ST. EICSLLEyT } LIBSBTT BT. DIM.V> BEB7ICB BRENTANO'S OPEN EVENINGS UNTIL CHRISTMAS Union Square. New York Commerce and Immigration. E. J. Watson wae appointed commissioner of. the department. He was) empowered by the act to make such arrangements) with asssflßSßshj companies and the tnimlgrufton agencies hi this country and abroad 83 would serr* best tha Interests of successful Immigration, that necessary expenditure being bbbbbl from aix appro priation provided for the purpose. The act author ized the commissioner to accept contributions from such citizens al the state — - bbb] n wish to assjajt In brlnjctntj desirable immigrants to South Carolina. On November 4. 1306. the at«anmh!p Witteadasl arrived baas Bremen, at Charleston. S. C. having; on board about 475 aliens. All wore induced to misrute to tho United Ssta.tea by South Carolina. through, it* Commissioner; the passage money was paid by the state, at the discretion of tht* state cinclala. The commissioner distributed these alien* to various point* i a the ataio. though they «<>» tree to accept or reject any oiera or employment made to them. Tho question of the rit'ht of a state to encownajsi immigration waa raise<i by another Southern state. Realizing the importance ot tile cue. Secretary sfetc«J] referred tne le^al <iu«stion involve*! v» tioiicitor Eajle. ot Iho department, who finally de cided that th«?re ha«l bwn no violation oi th» national law by the authorities of South Carolina. The opinion of Solicitor Earle st>es fully into a discussion of the law respecting immigration. He flnda that "so fur aa the prohibition as.iinat assist ing the importation or migration el r.-:v-ij;n laborers by promise of employment throush uilvt-rtl*«ment» abroad Is coneem»*d. states iir.ii t-rruoriea ar« *x jTrsmly exempted from the operation of the Ij«.w." "By the terms of th* provi-t..." h» says, "state* and territories may offer induct-m^nts or inak* promises to forelkm laborers, by advertisements printed and published in forefsra countries, and they ure not forbidden to 'assist' ln tht< migration of th» tor ten laborers to whom such offers ar«« addressed." While the opinion of SoUcttor Ka.-lf is greneral la Its application, he makes tt c!«*ar that tt relate* tt> the facts of this particular cas«\ and Indicate* that different questions mi-'ht axtsa if the facts them nelves wer«* slightly different. VICHY CELESTINS IW» aw»S GOLT Mtd i\O.GEbT.ON 8