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fcsued, "I tMnk I can ret eorne testimony that «rtll throw additional light oa this matter, m «Md. I know T can Ido not hesitate to say that I will promise the Senate that I can. and I know what I am talklasr about In this matter. I am not a boy oa a frolic. "I am not here talking ln an lflle vray oa exoount of m. hardship that may fall upon a few rueo. but because this Question embraces a great, broad principle cf constitutional law and constitutional liberty. It Is a precedent, If It rhould be established, that will apply to white men as well as black men. and It applies to tho Whole country.** Senator L<odge called attention to the fact that eold<ers of the 25th Infantry had been engaged ta shooting affrays ln Sturgls. Dak., ln 1865. ln •which they killed a man: ln Wlnnemucca. Hey.. ln 189£». ln which they seriously but not fatally wounded one man; ln El Paso, Tex.^ln 1000. In which they attacked the Jail ln which two of their comrades were confined, and killed a policeman, and ln Valentine. Neb.. in which they 6eriou£ly wounded a man and killed a woman. He made a marked impression on the Senate, and fear was expressed ln some Quar ters that Senator Foraker's efforts ln behalf of the Negroes might have an unfortunate effecj. ln that the resulting discussion might lead the public to believe it was injudicious to enlist any Hegro troops. Mr. Lodge said later that It was only through an oversight that he had flailed to mention the fact that ln 1599 men of tho 25tb had attacked and severely beaten four peaceful Indians at San Carlos, Ariz., compelling the removal of the troops to another station. Full particulars of the shooting affair at Valen tine, ICeb., near Fort Niobrara. were printed ln The New -York Tribune of December 4. 1906, in c communication to the editor, which the Presi dent reproduces in the evidence he furnishes to the Senate. OHIO VOLUNTEERS RECORD. Senator Foraker deprecated ln vehement terms the President's assertion that the GOth Ohio Volunteers had been dismissed from the service tor insubordination, mutiny, etc.. and quoted from "Ohio In the War." by Whitelaw Reid. ln enpport of his assertion that this regiment bore s> pood name and served with pallanti y. General Alnsworth. the military secretary, enumerating f.tvtral instances of summary discharge of large numbers of soldiers because of misconduct on their xmrt, says: • The <JOth Regiment. Ohio In- Jantry Volunteers, was summarily discharged on •November 10, 1862. pursuant to a telegram from th< War Department, because the regiment was disorganized, mutinous ar.d worthless.'* In "Ohio in the "War" the same date of discharge ts given, but the statement is made that the regiment was "honorably discharged. " It is to General Ainsworth's report that the President rrcd. At the conclusion of his remarks Mr. Foraker, eXter *xplaininp that he could not deal further •with the subject at tbla time because many Senators arere anxious to pr-x away, asked that his resolution go over, and said he would addreus himself to the subject agah: after the holiday recess. The debate attracted wide attention, the Speaker and many niembern of the House cmi- JnR over to the Senate. The chamber was well filled, and the nators taking part were listened to ■with inr.rl<« j d attention. It Isj beßswred that the deb.ito will be resumed with preat earnestness nud mhdneaoa and that ultimately an investiga tion Will l»e ordered. CrRREXCV BILL IN JComniittee'* Report TclU Advan ttget of the Credit System. "^VaEhington. I>ec. 20.— Chalrnvm Fowler of the ■use Committee Ml P'rk:^ i-.* Currpncy SVb <■■<! to the 3mm l» <I*t Ms rtpcrt on t>M Credit Currency bill agreed jt\^n by the committee. The PJH4HII i rays tl^at IKbesjfe credits are identical *-lth banknote ■<d:ts, and that It ehould be at the cptlcn of a depositor of a. bank to Fay whether he rhail licve current cr-d;t of the- bank or a book subject to his check. The report continues: Tout committee «j"*rt» that tt is Itiwstwial "whether the obligations of a btnk are ln the form cf deposits subject to ciieck or of credit hsilitliiilns. provided that tr.e reserves ar? ample and the same iunount is r«tjuir«d for the protection of each. With tlifc BUB* irt-edcrn on the p*rt of the bank to issue Its credit notes ty.6.t it Las to accept deposits sub 3*r-t to check, the hablte of a people will determine Whether the deposits a bank or Its credit notes •r< t!ie larger. The advantages cf a credit currency are set forth i*y the rcjjort as follows: ■It srlU lower and equalize the rates of Interest throughout the United Btatei. It >v U maks lue rates practically uniform throughout tha year. It aru] give to the country districts as economical <i form of credit aa the cities enjoy where checks lire chiefly uaud. It will elve to the mass of the people, who use Mirreacy ia their smaller purchr^es. as economical B, form cf credit aa those who enjoy the use of checks la their larger transactions. It will make it possible '.. r the banks generally H eerve such of their customers as may want cur r«socy without dleturblng their reserves to the rrtat Injury ox ther customers who have loans which must r,» paid before the currency can be advanced- N Jor It is immaterial to a bank whether It owes a ■a <ler'Osltcr or a note holder. Lf) J" * I]l . &l °f, st invarlablyprevent amy panic what- Wl »'• <-r. and will ttiwayt avert a rulnou^ crisis fT If '■■'■ ar.y time co-traction of credits becomes r«*«ary because too much of the commfrcial fund has been civerted and transformed into the Investi fund, a credit currency will facllitati liquidation withovt that deetruction of values in elqent to a fixed quantity of currency such as ire Kcpreseutatlre Fowler Introduced a bill remov ing fhf nmit placed by law on the quaatltv of ii national bank notes which may be ISo3 y ** PIAGS FOR AIL POSTOFFICES. Itr. Cocks Would Have Government Provide Them for little as Well as Big Places. [Fron-. The Tribur» Bureau.] Vaehtarton, Dec 20.— Flags are to be provided for every poEtoffjcti ln the country under the terras Ct a bill Introduced in the Houee to-day by R-epre f«ntatlTe Cocks, of Long Island, who represents the Presldenf <H«trlct in Congrees. At present •nly the first tna aeoond class postofnoes are en- Otled to 2a?s trom the government. air. Cocks 1» of the opinion that the lltUe fel- Jt**M who handle the Rovernment mail ln countrr •*-ore« or remote plaeee are especially entitled to consideration, and ehould be furnished with bunt tog by the Unlt«d States. If the bill is enacted the Postofflce Department w'll have an additional ap propriation fr>r flags; and every postmaster may •ecorat* th* building he occupies with the Stars end Stripes. As the pottofSce at Oyster Bay Is rated third class, the postmaster there, under the present lmv. ia not provided with a flag by tha rorerament. " cA Christmas Gift that is cAlso an Investment The Pianola Piano /CONSIDER wKat the Pitnola Piano will I. do in bringing an atmosphere of happi ness into the home, in brightening dull hours, in banishing the blues, in providing an ( """ ""~~ ever-ready source of amuse- F°^p7aTiola ment which all, from pianos in the youngest to oldest, will de- SS^oSS "S.'lE light in. markets of the world af ford, »uch «— The growing members MarbUwood, of the family have a new I^p^s^. bond of interest in the "°od. home circle, and even tke wir.;; cli gruer himself draws daily Wrc»ui w w«i rn, dividends of pleasure on his S^IKL^ investment. Etc etc. »«o to SI.OOO. ot ima r Mtx!«r»ie monthly ptyraents. I TfiP Apniian Crk AeollanHal1 ' 362 6 »h ay..a v .. lilt: MLCUllClll \_,U., near 34th St., New York. While you consider invest ments deposit your funds vs th us at interest. ehr arußt (Cimtpatuj uf Amrrira 135 Broadway* New York c? Grcrham St., London. E. C 3t> Wail St., New York 7Z2 Capita! nnd Surplus, $12,500,095. FOR XEir PASSPORT LAW. Commission Reports on That and Similar Subjects. Washington. Dec, 30 —Recommendations for changes ln the naturalisation, expatriation and passport laws and regulations of the United States were submitted to Congress to-day by a special com mission designated by the State Department to In vestigate the workings of the present laws and make a report, ln accordance with a request from the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. The committee consisted of David Jayne Hill, the United States Minister to the Netherlands; James B. Scott, the Solicitor of the State Department, and Galllard Hunt, the chief of the passport bureau of the State Department. Revolutionary changes in the present passport system are recommended, the status of American women marrying foreigners Is denned carefully, the citizenship of minor children Is made clear, and pro vision Is made for the expatriation of American citizens who live abroad indefinitely. A plan for keeping an accurate record of Ameri cans living abroad Is provided for ln the recom mendations. It is suggested that the State De partment Issue certificates of nativity to all Ameri can-born citUens living outside the United States, stating where they were born and their home In this country- American boys living abroad, when eighteen years old, are to be registered with an American consular officer, declaring their intention to become citizens of this country, and at twenty one they are to take the oath of allegiance. All Americans living outside of tlUs country are to be required to register with an American consular ofrk-er at leej=t once a year. Tha commission suggests that the Secretary of State should be authorized to extend protection and grant passports to persons who have declared their intention of becoming American citizens, but that such passports should not be effective In the country from which the persons emigrated to the United States. It Is recommended that the expatriation of American citizens be assumed when they obtain naturalization tn another country, when they en gage in the service of another power, or when they remain domiciled In a foreign country for nve years without taking steps to maintain their American citizenship. American women who marry foreigners should, sn the opinion of the committee, be permitted to resume their American citizenship lf they make ep plicaUoa within one year after the death of their husbands or after divorce has been granted. Minor children born outsld* of the United States are to be permitted to become American citizens upon the naturalization of a parent. ■ The commission would have passports Issued for only two years, with jermi^slon to extend them an additional two years. Beyond that time only spe cial temporary passports would be granted, and the cotnmlsfkm would have a report of all such passports nia.de to the Slate Department every three months. In" conclusion the report recommends that all diplomatic officers of the United States be in6truct '•■! to open negotCations with the foreign govern ments to which they are accredited preparatory to perfecting treaty relations ln harmony with the legislation suggested. Under the present laws a man who is once an American citizen Is always <an American citizen, This has ra..s''.l many perplexing international dif flculties, especially ln Turkey, where many men who have American naturalization jiapers but lire ln no sense Americans demand the protection of the United States. If the recommendations of the commission be enacted this country will go prac tically upon the same basic that England now is, and will so able to terminate the American cltla^n ship of persons who live constantly outside this country. YEAR'S POSTAL DEFICIT $4,000,000 LESS Mr. Madden Recommends Uniform Rates for Second Class Matter. Washington, Dec iiO. — A reduction of more than $4,000,000. or 27.83 per cent, ln the deficit of the Postofflce Department Is shown ln the annual report of Edwin C. Madden. Third As sistant Postmaster General which was made public to-day. The total postal revenue for the fiscal year of 1906 shows an Increase of more than f 15.000.000 over that of 1905. the greatest increase ln one year ln the history of the postal eervice. The total receipts from all sources were $167,932,782. and the total expenditures $178,449,778. The gross deficit. Including losses by burglary and nrt and through uncollected debts, amounted to $10,542,941. An enormous Increase In the demand for stamp suppllee — nearly 800.000.000 stamps, a tain of more than 10 per cent, being sold — "is a striking Indication of the wonderful growth of pofial business due to the country's great pros perity." Considerable Epace is devoted to second class mall matter. The aggregate amount of such matter mailed at the pound rate and free of postage during the year was 708,178,623 pounds, an Increase of more than 46,000.000 pounds over the previous year. Mr. Madden recommends that the seven different rates of postage for the second class and the one rate for the third class be abandoned, and ln their place there be adopted a uniform rate for all printed matter of a quarter gr a cent an ounce, or one cent for each four ounces or fraction thereof to one address, which is four cents on an even pound, and that there be a provision for the payment of postage on newspapers and periodicals in money as at present and another for their expeditious handling ln the malls. MOVES TO AMEND RATE LAW. Washington. Dec. 20— Senator La Follette In troduced bills to-day to amend the Railroad Rate law passed during the last session of Congress and adding one section to provide for the Inves tigation of the valuation of railroad property The proposed amendments are along the line of a ??. e , nd . ment|l °? ered by th« Wisconsin Senator while the rate bill was under consideration INTSW-YOISK DAILY TRIBUNE, FRIDAY. DECEMBER 21. 1906, .\£GRO IN' THE SOUTH. PRESIDENT SUPPORTED. Ex-Secrctani Hilary A. Herbert Upholds Brmi-mville Action. The first annual dinner of tho new Alabama Society, at the Hotel Astor, the youngest tt the state societies of the city, was marked by a long address by Hilary A. Herbert ex-Secretary of the Xavy. He touched on the states' rights question, the Negro problem and the Brownsville Incident In outlining the growth of the South, crn feeling in this regard he quoted Baldwin's remark in his "Flush Times of Alabama and Mississippi," that the Constitution was a thing with that curious virtue that Ita excellence con sisted in not allowing the government to do any thing. In referring; to th* Negro question he went back to the days before the war, and. while dis claiming making: any defence of slavery, spoke In glowing terms of the virtues of the slave holders. His remarks on the Brownsville inci dent received close attention, and were greeted J>y applause long continued. "What the President did in this Brownsville matter." he said, "TJ. S. Grant did. and Robert E. Lee did. and I am sure that although there may be a few sentimentalists who never can forget the color line, and therefore still will criticise, all those who followed Grant during the Civil War and their descendants will rally around Mr. Roosevelt and defend his action. Defending his dismissal of these troops they are defending the honor of the flag of their coun try." After referring briefly to the history of the State of Alabama and the "men who built our ship of state and launched it upon ita career," Mr. Herbert said: c.T h , e .€ ov f rninent tnes » *nen founded took its shape the proper functions of a state or as v? the Tme nf }£? k?i ero - thoroughly imbued with the ideas In fid-rSi 1 her ;? talesDlan ' Thol "as Jefferson. rirl-Y? th» ol i tlcß that waß the da ot the states' construed 8 federal Constitution was to be strictly After describing: tho ituatlon In Alabama and the South generally "before the war." touching on the political and social conditions, the time when It was a source of just pride that there "was a feeling so common as to be characteristic of our people that there were things not only higher and better, but more essential, than wealth or than all the learning of books; a lofty sense of honor in private and public life. and a chivalrous regard for woman that partook In some sort of the romance of the Middle Ages," Mr. Herbert said: * These came to us in part as a herita** from «.». il^i l^" 0 ™- '"Part from the JnsUtutlow Sf rt2U-v Tam^t £rWOr W0 / bh , tp , at , ihe Shrine 8 of U^nV 0 ! - h p^k vsf^a^it-wa^'-nSsrs £& h could cay against it. It i s perfectly true for « ample, that the absolute power an6wnw had over his slave, when wielded by a brute tended tuJhll to brutalize the master, it is also* true that thltl On the other hand, this power carried with ft * experience nor In my reading have I ever founcTa gpssr bl^" an th i Southera^slaveholder surrounded ny his slaves, deeply lmnresspr! with his responsibility for their material and spiritual them re ' and discharging faithfully his duty to This kindness, said the speaker, was evinced in the protection the slaves gave the women and children during tb^ war. It was not true, he said, that the wealthy plave owner set up a social wall, that the expression "white trash" originated with the planter, as some writers on Southern topics had said. The spirit of caste I made every white man In the slave states a member of the superior race. Still another thing that aided in the upbuild ing of the standard of honor was the code duello. The code was the "protection of woman's virtue and the honor of gentlemen." In describing the conditions In IS6O. Mr. Her bert said: The people of Alabama had attended to their own business for forty years and were justly proud of themselves, and especially of their bar and their bench, the balance wheels of civilization. Judge courts neVCr lnterfered with the process from Xobody now regreta that slavery is gone; every body laments that it ever existed among ub and yet it is undoubtedly true that modern abolition ism, which began In IS3I, became a deadly upas ( u v\ l!er th " baJ ; ful . Bha<J of which Southern civilization was well nigh destroyed. The seed was 2E n by arr i 1 n an<l h! * associates, the flower *as the Republican party, the fruits were seces slon an £ war. and the aftermath reconstruction, the fruits of which are with us to-day. The at tempt to place the white people of the South per manently under the control of their former slaves Tmf if n °t ng Uie things of science and history, and directly aceable to that effort are the present strained relations between the rac s in the South Including, as I believe, the crime of the Necro co^y V h nd^ it thiT C £ge n> WhlCh ta PeCUIUr tO t^» Under McKinley "-Confederates and ex-Union soldiers stood side by side under the nag. and nnlSi™ 606 0S /L vel V after «udylng the 8 whole Question with the J nsl ht of the statesman, has declared that the Southern people should be left to deal with their own problem, and i n this It KPn^JjW^ 1 tb at U 18 . ln accord w*^ Northern sentiment. The change of opinion ln regard to the Negro question that hae taken place in this section »iii .1 r * c « nt P aßt ' 8 marvellous, but there are stul those who are Inclined to see race prejudice in every public act that affects the Negro: President Roosevelt knew this when he was deal- Ing with the Brownsville rioters. If the three com panies that were dismissed had been whites, their discharge would have been discussed on its rierits, but they were Negroes. Nevertheless, Mr. Koose velt had courage to dismiss them, and so Con gress n 3t know all about it. The President wel comed the ( benate's resolutions of inquiry and the country will welcome his answer. United s .tates soldiers are the guardians of the country s honor and of its laws. Whether white or black, they cannot be allowed to murder Its dti rens and conspire to keep secret the crime. In the Interests of d!scipl!i><» troops that do this thing mv , st go ,ir and> \ they make Jt needfuL must go In a body. What the Pr ldent did ln th Brownsville matter L. 8. Grant did, and Robert E. Lee did and euro I am that, although there may be a few senti mentalists who can never forget the color line and will, therefore, still criticise, all those who followed Grant during the Civil War and their descendant* and all those who followed Lee during the ClvL' l\ar and their descendants, will rally around Mr Roosevelt and defend his action. Defending his dis missal of these troops, they are defending the honor of the flag of the country. Mr. Herbert said he had sought to find some cause for the "most aggravating feat ure of the race problem, the frequent crlm* of the Negro against the white woman." After reviewing the conditions under the carpetbagger, the making of capital of hate, he quoted the British Archbishop of the West Indies ln de scribing the relations between the white and the Negro in Jamaica. The Archbishop said: "The relations between the races with us are peaceful. For the forty years I have been in Jamaica I have never heard of any attempt of a Negro to do violence to a white woman, and I must think that crime, which is so common here, has some relation to politics." The speaker then continued: v.n hay *. pondered these words deeply, and I flrinlv fcalleve that hate Is at least one element that con trlbutee to this crime, and I strongly Incline also to the opinion that the idea of intermarriage that became Instilled Into the minds of the present generation of .<e»rroes, who gVew up when such cause were rife among them, is another contributing Although the Alabama Society Is less than a year old, more than one hundred and twenty five persons were present, a large part of whom ■wure women. One of the speakers— and every body agreed with him— declared enthusiastically that he had been convinced, after a single Cllmpse of the women present, of what a friend had once told him. that plain looking women were much sought after in Alabama because of their great rarity. Colonel Francis O. Caffey. president of the society, presided. At the speakers' table with him were Mlchell Kirtland, who spoke on "New York as a Honie tor Alabamlana"; ex-Mayor Low. whose subject was "New York and Alabama"; Thomas \v. Blocum. who gave "Advice to Alabamlans," and ti-o Kov. Dr. Aea Blackburn, who told ol "6om« THE cicctric hot-water bag puts the heat where you want it v/hcn you want it— no longer. The greatness of the Edison service is shown by the fact that it does so many small things so well and when you think that the cost is the same as an ordinary 16 c. p. lamp you will wonder that you did not get one before. It would be an ideal Christ mas remembrance for some invalid friend. The New York Edison Company 55 DUANE STREET Telephone: 5100 Fr*nkU» Things for Which We Should Be Thankful." Other guests of note were Justice Henderson M. Somerville, formerly of the Supreme Court of Alabama, and for many years a member of the United States Board of General Appraisers, and Mrs. Somerville; Clement Clay Clopton, who was with Jefferson Davis when he was captured; Major Edward Owen, Henry W. Hyde, Dr. P. E. D. Malcolm. Phelan Beale and Richmond Rochester. • FOR INSURANCE UMON. PRESIDENTS MEET TO-DAY Rumored Company Not Incorporated — Other News. More than twenty life insurance presidents. In cluding the chief executives of the "Big Three." will meet at the Waldorf this morning to dis cuss the question of forming a national organ ization. Tho meeting will be in response to the circular letter of President Morton of the Equi table. At a conference yeßterday between the In spectors of election of the Mutual Life and the representatives of the three tickets, the inspectors virtually decided to use an elaborate system of card indexing In making the canvass of the votes cast. The international committee pro tested against the canvassing of any ballot cast by a policy holder whose name did not appear on the lists which the company filed at Albany. The Inspectors took no action on this protest. It is understood that George R. Scrugham, the International committee's manager, did not remain at the conference, the chairman ruling that Mr. Scrugham was neither counsel nor authorized watcher. The inspectors will hear protests at the homa offlca of the New York Life to-day. Vice- President Dexter. James McKeen and James M. Beck represented the company at yes terday's conference, Samuel Untermyer the In ternational committee, John De Witt Warner the pollcyholders' association and Herbert N Fell the "third ticket." The movers In the new "North American Life Insurance Company" predict the resignations of thousands of agents of the New York Life soon after the incorporation of the new concern. Despite the announcements, no such company apparently was incorporated at Trenton X j yesterday. OfliciaJs of th© New York Life told a Tribune reporter that if the new concern based any hopes on writing the surplusage of the N>w York Life agents over the new $150,000,000 limit it would be disappointed, as the company's buef ness for 190«} probably would not exceed this limit. t?lnce the passage of the new Armstrong law hundreds ot companies have been organized sim ilar to "the North American" affair, of which John T. Boone and Lee R. Durstine, two of the New York Life's agency inspectors, are slated for tho principal positions. John C. McCall, the secretary of the New York Life, denied emphatically that there was to b« any connection or business understanding between the New York Life and the new con cern. Frederick E. Keep, the Mutual Life's Boston manager, has resigned from the company's ser vice. The Equitable at its monthly meeting yester day appointed no successor to H. R. Winthrop, who has resigned the treasurershlp of the com pany. DEFENDS THE PRESIDENT. Dr. Lyman Abbott Says He Is Still Friend of Negro. Dr. Lyman Abbott, speaking at a dinner of tue Graduates' Club, at No. 11l Fifth avenue, last night, unexpectedly departed from the general tenor of his speech to uphold President Roosevelt In his action regarding the Negro troops at Brownsville. Speaking generally on the changes in the railroad business ha the last half century, he suddenly turned to the Roosevelt phase of his bpeech. "I am not here to defend our President," -ie --aid. "He does not need a defender. He can defend himself on occasion, as he has demonstrated many times, and as he did to-day on the Ne;rro question. ■"President Koosevolt has been subjected of late to much criticism. He Is a friend of the Negro. It Is is as a friend of the Negro that I appear to be speaking to-night for my friend, our President. We, as ia nation, are too prone to sanction, pos«i bly as a rule, remarks made In criticism about our chief executive officers. I wish to direct your at tention to the fact that President Roosevelt, as sailed as he Is by newspapers all over the country for his attitude on the Negro regiment question, is 6tia a friend of the Negro." The dinner was In celebration of Forefathers' Day. It being the 2SBth anniversary of the landing of the Pile rims at Plymouth Rock. About three hundred persons were present. CAENEGLE "JUNIOS PAHTNER" DEAD. Brother-in-law of President Corey and Well Known in Steel Industry. PHtsburfr. Dec. 30.— Henry McCrory. for years con nected with the practical end of the steel industry, a brothor-in-law of W. E. Corey, president of the United States Steel Corporation, and one of the "Junior partners" of Andrew Carnegie, died at his home In Wllklnsburg- last night. Mr. McCrory was one of the best known technical steel men In Pennsylvania. He was master roller of the Home stead mills at the time of the strike in lvc Following the strike Mr. McCrory became con nected with the first mill in the country to niaka armor plate. He was associated with Mr. Corey and Charles M. Schwab, all of whom figured lv the Congressional Investigation of the furnishing of armor plate to the government in ISJ4. He also made several Important inventions. Mr. McCrory married Miss Emma Cook, a sister of lAura Cook Corey, who recently grot a divorce from Mr. Corey. Al the time of his death Mr. McCrory wa« an inspector of armor plate in the Homestead mills. TOTAL GRAIN PRODUCTION. Washington. Dec. — A bulletin Issued by the Agricultural Department to-day shows the total production In bushels in 190(5 of corn. 2,927.416,091; winter wheat. <fI.IOT.tM: spring wheat, 242.372.XC. c RED CROSS BALANCE $2,381,334. Washington. Dec. 20.— The War Department com pleted to-day the auditing of Urn accounts of the National Red CrobS for the fiscal year ended No vember 30. 1906. The total rec.ipts for the year were $3,873,237. with a balance in the treasury of 12,331,334. The groat portion of thesd receipts were voluntary contributions for special relief purposes. Amon* the society's collections were J3.<w°.204 for the California earthquake relief funds. $-Ji.:'i:« for the Japanaaa famine funds. $12,753 25 for the Vesu vius volcano diMaster fund and *s.W3 for the \ alpa ralso t-arthuuake disaster. A considerable balance of the California relief money is Httll in the Red Cross treabury, subject to tuu aill of the California rftUof corporation. What Shall We Drink on Christmas Day? Ii a question that thousands of temperance families and pcopla m all walks of life have been trying for years to solve. Now the problem hai besa solved. Everyone knows that the greatest non-intaxicattag dnnlc for theyeusjia well as old ii Duffy's Apple Juice It adds cheer to the Christmas dinner. The pure juice of selected apples without preservative*, eoaUuurj all »- nutriment and the flavor of the fresh apple, the rr.oet healthful of all fruits. Always lay the bot'le oa its aids and serve cold- Non-Alcoholic Sterilized Effervescent Doay'a Mother Goose booklet, illustrated in colors, fre« to &2 chil dren who write for it. AMERICAN FRUIT PRODUCT COMPA>"Y 44 White St.. Rochester. >. Y. Sold by all first-class rrcesrs aad droi gists, dealers, botsb sei clubs. If your dealer cannot supply you send us $3.00 for awWeosea pints, all charres prepaid to any part of the United States. TO STOP SALTO.N BREAK E. H. Harriman Tells President He Wai Help the Work. Washington, Deo. 2<X— President Roosevelt to ex erting his efforts to nave the break In the bank of the Colorado River In Mexico repaired as soon as possible by the California Development Company. which, he declares. Is ultimately responsible for It. With this end In view he addressed a telegram to E. H. Harriman at New York to-day, telling the conditions as they now exist and the inability to secure action by Congress because of the adjourn ment for the Christmas holidays. The President told Mr. Harriman that It was Incumbent upon him to close the break again, and toat action should be taken without an hour's delay. Mr. Harriman replied, saying the Southern Pa cific had no control over the. California Develop ment Company, but that he weuld authorize the Southern Pacific officers to try to repair the break. trusting Congress to take action later to assist with the burden. The President gave assurance he would make a recommendation to Congress to this end. President Roosevelt's decision in the matter fol lowed a conference at the White House. In which the President. Senator Flint, of California; Charles D. Walcott. the Director of the Geological Survey. and Frederick H. Newell, the chief engineer la charge of the reclamation service, took part. It has been repeatedly asserted that unless the break in the river, which Is terming the Salton Sea. Is promptly repaired the losses in the Imperial Val ley, already enormoua, would at a conservative estimate reach $13,0C0,0w). The President felt that longer delay was not justified In the case. The following Is the telegram sent to Mr. Har riman: The White House, Washington, I>. C, DecemDer _0. l5«->. Mr. E. H. Harriman, No. 120 Broadway. New York. Replying yours l&th, reclamation servioe cann->t enter upon work without authority of Congress and suitable convention with Mexico. Congresa ad journs to-day for holidays; Impossible to secure action at proseut. it is incumbent upon you to dose break again. Question of future permanent maintenance can. then be taken up. Reclamation service engineers available for consultation. This is all the aid that there Is in the power of the government to render, and It seems to me clear that it is the Imperative duty of the California De velopment Company to close this break at once. The danger ( s ultimately dut^only to the action of that company n the past in making heading completed in Octojber, 1904, in Mexican territory. The present crisis can at this moment only be met by the action of the company, which is ultimately responsible for it, and that action should be taken without an hour's delay. Through the Department of State I am endeavoring to secure such action by the Mexican government as will enable Con gress ia its turn to act. But at present CongTes3 can do nothing without such action by the Mexican government. This la a matter of such vital im portance that I wish to repeat that there is not the slightest excuse for the California Development Company waiting an hour for the action of tha government. It Is their duty to meet the present danger immediately, and then this government will tnke up with them, a3 It has already taken up with Mexico. x the question of providing in permanent Bhape against the recurrence of the dancer * THEODORE ROOSEVELT. To this Mr. Harriman responded: To the President. Washington. Replying to your telegram this date, you seem to be under the impression that the California De velopment Company is a Southern Pacific enter prise. This is erroneous. It had nothing to do with Its work or the opening of the canal W» ara not Interested tn Its stock and In no way control tt. \\ c have lent It some money to assist tn deal- Ins with the situation. What the Southern Pacitlc company has done was for the protection of ihe settlers, as well as of ita tracks, but we have de termined to move th« traoks onto higher ground anyway. However, In view of your message ] am giving authorfity to the Southern Pacific officers in the west to proceed at once with efforts to re pair the break, trusting that the government, as soon as you can procure the neoessarv Congres sional legislation, will asr'st us Tiith the bnrien E. H. HARRIM.YN'. The President's answer to Mr. Harriman follows: Am delighted to receive your telegram. Have at once directed the Reclamation Service to get into touch with you. so that as soon as Congress reas sembles I can recommend legislation which will provide Against a repetition of th» disaster and make provision for the equitable distribution of tha burden. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. The President made public the following tele gram sent to Governor Pardee of California, dated to-day: Telegram received. Am doing everything In my power tn the matter. Break fa on Mexican soil. ami we havp absolutely no power to do anything until permission is granted by Mexico. \Ve are hurrying forward in every way the negotiations for 6uch permission Until ft is granted Congress can not aef. I have notified the California Develop ment Company that it is its clear duty to act a/ it has the power ar.d as the entire damage arises from the wcrk which It besan on Mexican soil outside the Jurisdiction of the United States In October, 19W. It 13 the clear duty of the California Development Company to meet the immediate dan ger. Then this government will take up with them as Tvell as with Mexico the question of the perma nent protection of our people. In a note to Director Walcott. the President says: Mexico has behaved admirably and haa expressed a willingness to do anything within reason that we desire in the Colorado River break matter Of course. Mexico is not to do the work. The tmme dlate work must be done by Mr. Harriman 9 com pany, as I pointed out In my telegram to him But we should be prepared to put a Uennlte request before Congress immediately upon its reassembling To do that I must, ol course, know jus" what separate or Joint responsibilities there should be »« regards this country and the California Improve ment Company. Please formulate a clan Ltth* earliest possible moment, submitting tt to the ■ Star. Department ao that Mextco can be fully Informed! REPORT OF COMMISSION. Preparations Completed on Isthmus for Active Digging. Washington. Dec. 20.-The annual report by th- Isthmian Canal Commission to Secretary Taft which was made public to-day, shows that the pr£ liminary etage of the work on the isthmus has been passed and that the commission ia in a position to foTle^l e tchf tUal — ctlon of an eighty The bulk of the POrt ' S BtV n up tO tell , nB of n " work already done, and the reports of Governor Magoon and Chief Engineer Stevens accompa^yT Special emphasis 1, laid on the fact that the prob em of sanitation haa been completely solved. 5L7 ing the year there was not a single well authenti cated ca of ye..ow fever, and only one , U3pe c c n t^ of being eh. Smallpox appeared twice, but the disease was quickly checked in both cases. The average dally sick rat* among employe, of the commission «a, twenty-eight in a thousand, and the yearly death rate was seventeen and a half a thousand for white, and nearly fifty-three a thou sand for btacks. Oreat progress was made during the year tn the caw of employes, both as to housing and f.^ing suitable quarters have been comulateii i..r al! Dacnelors. and al! but «a« a few m;irri.vl men ' The v , r^ m r ** i>rofl , t ot ab ° vt &.**>. *uhou K h 11 is Intended to furnish food *t io»i mi.* tsi« money wiU «o toward improving the^lce. Pro h i! to? employes b * eu mad ° ln amusement saw stsx',^ .SrS E2*V2|*4 V T< Pr ** «• Urtmw o*SSn«ruc? tlon and engineering. n*> under the dlvlxlnn ,nt Material and supplies. 2.3W th* de^rtottSt Hello, X., P. & Co. Have y^j anything for me? Of course we have. For severely practical men; ove> coats, evening suits, and hats are fat rate presents. Scarfs, mufflers, gloves and travel ing or toilet articles in pigskin are abo sensible gifts. The markdown of some 50 rbean^ gowns adds another Xmas bargain. Some of the smoking jackets at $6.50 and black silk socks at $1.15 are stQl to be had. Rogers, Peet & Compaxy. Three Broadway Stores. 2M 842 128» at at st Warren at !3tb tt. :-:■*. \AMajiiskiiowiy ® Known the wcoto ovU W$ PURiTY fQUALITYt FLAVOR f ScldatcurSfcresikf I nmtmfvwxM CLEARANCE SALE OF Irish Laces Suitable for Christmas Gifts DECE&ISER 21, 22, 24, ,\\. CONWAY 8 West 33d Street. of government and eanltatlon. and 137 In the audit ing and disbursing offices. Of the 17.0 X) men, about 3.700 were on the gffli rolls, virtually all white Americans, and 1M»SB the silver rolls, mainly aliens. This number ••» rot Include 1.000 people employed on the Paaa=» Railroad. Ttw commission is convinced, it says, that It » Impossible to <li> satisfactory work with *«g» labor, but th« labor from Southern Spain ns» proved efficient. The Negroes are lazy, shift!?** •weak and untrustworthy, and are as subject to i-» Influences of the climate as art the whrt«s. : The engineering work of the year has bin »■• most entirely preparatory. At Culebra most of ' W» effort has been expended In trotting, the locs w proper condition for the installation of the ■«•*>- mum number of steam shovels anil the « onS r ]*Sr tlon of railways, of which seventy miles have dssb laid. Improvement of the terminal facilities) SSIb of tho Panama RatlriM.l. th>- completion of »• water system of Panama, and work on syssssw for Colon and Cristobal are reported. m t Mr. Stevens's report shows that.- though no *-'-- waj made to Ket out yardasw for the year. i.»" * cubic yards of material were excavated, at » s^ of 79.5 cent* a cubic yard, against T«LM« yar£ *t » cost of 65.6 c*nt». for th« year before. Tn# _2i creased cost. Mr. Stevens says. Is due totnanut refractory nature of the material, the shorter of labor, together with increased wages. ana *-* um^ually heavy rainfall. 1W ,<iv*r- The r«-i*»rt of the commission tells of tn<» sn" t!s!n« for b'.<»s for the furnlahinir of epolle ur and the bulldinsf «>f the canal by contract • ~ _ ;>/'"; >/'" SALARY FIGHT IN" THE SENATE. Mr. Gallinger Mom to Increase Pay ot Members of Congress. Washington. Dec. ©.-Senator QaU J"2*Lj^ ppened th* nght In the Senate for an *-*•<*: ftr the salarle. of member* of Congres* th* bj* which was defeated recently In the «°** rt^ tiT » troduceU to-day an amendment t» tne l s _ ExecuUva and y judicial A pprop .rtatloo b j,~ ,^:i. Ins; for an increase to $:.SW; annually •£ .^M tk of Senator*. RecreseaUUvss aai **•-«■ -<- CC2JTCS3.