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Parposen .-14 JJ Tor «Ue 11 4l TVib'ine Pub"n nates.. T « F"or»l»n nwwwt* 10 4-6' Tru.t Comr->f>l«* ....13 1 J*urnl«h«d Apartm't* ; Tnnter Renortt 11 «-« t, im . 14 « i Work W»n!»« 11 4-5 }"urnlt.hed R00m*.... • 4t iXrft^tnrk Dailtj Sribxmt. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22. 190«. THE SEWS THIB MORSISG. FOREIGN.— The French Chamber of Deputies passed the amended Separation law by a vote of 413 against ICG. == A protest from the Vatican against the expulsion of Monsignor Montaeniiil and the seizure of the cipher at the nunciature at Paris was communicated to repre sentatives of tho powers. ===== The Supreme Court of Porto Rico decided against the gov ernment in the case of the ownership of Cath olic Church property; an appeal to the United States Supreme Court will be taken. . ■ The Jtussian government will redeem all short term t>onds before January ]. ss=s Premier Theo tokis sf Greece intimated that the union of Greece and Crete might soon be accomplished. DOMESTIC— Roosevelt has In formed the British government that the ap pointment of James Bryce as Ambassador to the United States will be entirely acceptable; Ambassador Durand presented hiß letters of re call to the President. ■ i The Treasury De partment refused to purchase silver, the price having risen to 70.0G5 cents an ounce. - ; "Work was begun by th^ Southern Pacific in closing the break In the banks of the Colorado TUver. — -^= A pmal! mob took a Negro who had confessed to assaulting a white woman from Jail at Annapolis and lynched him; the president sf St. John'o Ootlejßß denied that etudents took part 5n the affair. . Judge Cutting, of Chicago, overpowered a disappointed •uitor sjlm tried to shoot him in tho Criminal Courts B lildlng. ===== An attempt by attorneys for "Boss" Ruef to examine into the proceedings of the grand Jury that Indicted him failed. :=-=:--■ Farmers untied with guns and pitchforks held \.p work on the transir line of the Niagara. Uockport and Ontario Power Company, near I>orkport. N. V. ===== The Union Bag and Paper Oimpany secured complete control of all the m-ater power lights on the Hudson River at Baker's Falls. N. Y. ■ The passenger train which loft New York at 4 p. m. over the Boston & Albany division of the New York Central Rail road teft the track at Allston, Mass. - ClTY.— Stocks closed strong. =^=^r The Perm- Fylvania Haflraasl was added to the railroads af frvted by ■ ■!• prospective strike of switchmen to k day. ==: The Pennsylvania Railroad Company |\ rame to terms with the city regarding the New fj York Connecting Railroad Company. — — — La f J*ri.vt-nce was beaten by the KaJasr Wllhelm II Jn a cJo.se naes acr**s the Atlantic. ===== The Appellate Dtvisiea affirmed an order rafostng to issue a writ of peremptory mandamus requir ing the Consolidated Gas Company to comply with the 6(V-cent law. - The relations of the Young company to th« Tobacco Trust were brought out befon Judpe Hough. - ss The Association of J..if* Insurance Presidents was t-'rg-ar.ized. ■ Herman Kall«»nb^r*r. the JCew Rochelle Alderman, -.vho whs indicted on the charge *f perjury, was acquitted. — s>resic2«5 > resic2« : -nt Oler 6ald Attorney General Mayer's proceedings do not seek the dissolution of the American Ice Company. ■ Governor-elect Hughes announced that he would appoint Charles H. Keep, of Buffalo, to be Superintend ent <>f Banks. i. - — Three men pleaded guilty to keeping a gambling house In West street; f«ntenco was suspended for two days by Judge SLosalsky. » . ■■■ ■ James H. Mansfield, an alleged bucket chop man, was arrested In the building from which he vantsh-ed more than a year ago. THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day: fair anfl colder. Th« temperature yesterday: K^jhest, 44 degrees; lowest. H. A GRAND JURY ON THE SCHOOLS. The presentment of the Kings County Grand Jury yesterday on the subject of overstudy in tio schools cannot fall to attract attention and to provoke xnnch discussion. What practical t-ood it will achieve remains to be seen. Such en utterance of such a l>ody deserves respect ful consideration, even though it is obviously possible for jurymen, «s well as teachers, to be Influenced by fads, and even though, more over, a grand jury, after a few hours of In- Testigatlon, may not necessarily be the most competent authority in the world to prescribe the details of on educational system. What is xnost Flgnlncant in the case is that this jury has formally voiced impressions which for a long time have been widely prevalent among intel ligent observers of the local 6chool 6ystem, to wit. that too much work, and especially home jwork, Is being crowded upon scholars in gram mar and high Echools, and that some revision of tbe curricula is desirable for l<oth the physi cal and the mental good of the children. The grand Jury quote* Superintendent Max well as sayiiijj that parents should not permit children to study at home more than two hours a day, no matter what lessons the teachers I may prescribe. But what, then, is the child to do when lessons are given to him which cannot, possibly be mastered in two hours? If lie does not get the lessons, he will get low "iii;iik>" and will fail to pass examinations and l*> promoted. Every one who has looked into the Miter must knowthat lessons are often g|f<ea which Urn average chUd cannot reasona hfj l.»e «*xp«<cted to learn In two hours. Tb«» ■JsenbSlfre MCsM to be that of overstudying at home or being set down as a dullard. As for th»- prand Jury's recommendation that the hours <>i etMsißsee at edMefl be Increased, and that h'»!n«' *iudy Jm* abolished altogether, there Is touifthlug to be said both for and against It. It is nut unbelievable tfcaf one additional hour at school devoted to study under the personal supervision aud aid of the teacher might l» es profitable as two hours of unaided study at borne. Such an arrangement would, at any rate, do away with the burdensome and proba bly often injurious carrying of heavy bund]** of books to and from school by children of lender years. Without either rejecting or accepting the Jniy*6 findings and recommendatlona as a whole, it seems quite judicious to hold, as It doe*, that It Is time for beginning a revision of the study ejEiea. Tne ground far revision Is well stated by the Jury .when it observes tbat the course of study for a. pupil Is vow much higher t'aan It "n^ a few years ago, vrhlle It docs not ap pt+r that the childTs capacity to absorb It has correspondingly increased. It i* undoubtedly true that the general ndvance of human knowl edge has, vastly increased the number and ex tent of academic studies which It may be de sirable for pupils to pursue. But as the ca l»i<ity of the Juvenile mind, .on the average, i- practically a fixed quantity. it would ap i«*r that. one of three thinss must happen: The ohlki must be overcrowded aud overworked, SB his injury, in a .desperate effort to master the Increased studies; or, he must take more time for his schooling— and many are the pro tests against that, on the ground that already too many years are spent in school; or, finally, we must frankly recognize that.lt is impossi ble for the average child to cover the whole range of human knowledge, aud niust. there fore, <-ontent ourselves with giving him a tuor ough working familiarity with those branches which are fundamental to all. and at the same time so training his powers of observa tion and application as to enable him to put the knowledge thus gained to the best possi ble use ' ■ AGAiyST CIVIL PEXSIOSS The report of the special committee of the National Civil Service Reform League on super annuation In the Civil Service and plans for re tirement pensions Is worthy of special attention because It shows that tbe great body of Civil Service reformers are flshting against the ten dency, for which tbe merit system is frequently, but we believe, unjustly, reproached, of making public office private property and of saddling on the taxpayers the burden of incompetent em ployes. It is also worthy of attention because it demonstrates that the merit system is not re sponsible for the evils of superannuation, but that, on the contrary, those evils were much worse under the spoils system, and the examina tions tend to lessen the number of incompetent employes aud bring iuto office young and ambi tious persons who in a few years leave tbe ser vice for better opportunities In private life, and make way for other young and ambitious per sons, whereas the spoils system tended to bring men into the sen-ice who were past their useful ness and either keep them there year after year or turn them out to make way for others equally unfit. Tbe committee shows that the present superan nuated list is made up largely of Civil War vet erans, whose preferment is a matter of national sentiment. Even with these, only 1.2 per cent of the employes In the executive Civil Service are over seventy years old. and the average of em ployment under the government Is no longer than in the service of the great railroads. Only 5.1 per cent of the employes now In the sen-ice who are over sixty-five years old entered by competitive examination, aud in tho classified «*rrlce resignations and removals are rapid enough to effect a change In the whole body once In twelve and a half years. By far the greater number of resignations are among the employes in the competitive class. These facts suffi ciently demonstrate the unsoundness of the argu ments of the Grosveuors. Baileys and others. who charge the merit system with producing dry rot In the sen-Ice, and oppose it on the ground that its logical outcome is the pension system. The merit system does not logically lead to civil pensions. On the contrary. Its tendency to make a career of public employment is an argu ment against the necessity of pensions. In all the lower grades of the public service the pay is n- liiprh as the pay for similar work In private employment, and the average man or woman is as able In office as out of It to lay up money for sickness or old age. Certainly the employe who !s not likely to be dismissed during good behav ior has as little need of a pension ss the favor ite of the spoils system who may have to boffin a search for new employment as the result of a political overturn. Nor Is there any practical need of civil pensions at present. We hear load complaints about the Inefficiency of old govern ment employes. As we have noted, 6ome of them are kept for sentimental reasons, regardless of the merit system. Others, because of the Ineffi ciency of their superiors, are kept, or were kept, until they are now so old that It would be cruelty to turn them adrift. These superiors, when they blame the merit system for it. In ef fect confess that they would have had the heart to discharge these employes In cold blood for political reasons* but did not have the heart to exercise their power of removal for the good of tbe service. But even with all these Incompe tents, as the committee 6hows, the government loss from the Inefficiency of superannuated em ployes amounts to only $1,200,000 a year. This Is a considerable loss, indeed, but It is a mere trifle beside the cost of any possible pen sion system proposed to relieve the departments of this Inefficient labor. A civil pension list on the English basis would cost $19,000,000 a year for tbe classified service alone, and no system of pensions made np of the contributions of em ployes has yet been devised which does not lay a. great and Incalculable burden on the government as a partner In the scheme or Impose a great Injustice on younger employes. The committee believes that the only feasible plan of enforced provision for superannuation Is the Australian form of deferred annuities. This plan forces all candidates for employment to take out a policy with an Insurance company and maintain it dur ing their service. Employes of the government are thus protected against the evils of super annuation, while each person bears the burden of providing for himself. We are glad to see the league take this emphatic stand against civil pensions and seek to free the merit system from the reproach of furthering the dangerous and corrupting Idea that public offices are the private property of those who happen to become Intrenched in them so that the government ever after owes them support. THE AMERICAS MILCH COW. The practice of sending money to Europe at Christmas time In an old one among Immigrants, but it ie rapidly increasing, and It has now attained astonishing proportions. Last week, we are told, three outgoing steamships carried in the form of money orders alone more than $ 1.85C.0U0. If we take Into account what was Bent the week before, the belated remittances which are going this week and the sums which were sent by express, by draft or In cash, it is evident that the total outgo at Christmas time runs well up into tbe millions. Of course it is a fine thing for tbe "old folks at home," and it Is a notable Indication of thrift and of filial piety and fraternal devotion, against which It might seem churlish to say a word, especially at this season. Nor Is there occasion to wonder at the Flee of the golden flood or at its Increase, with more than a million immigrants landing ax Ellis Island in a year and with times good In Amer ica and bad In large parts of Europe — unless, indeed, we were to wonder at there being enough people left in some European landß to receive such bounty 2 It comes to mind, however, that one of the strongest denunciations of the "heathen Chinee," and one of the strongest demands for hln ex clusiou aud expulsion from this country, arose from the very fact that he was much given to sending his savings home to the old country. It was said that that was an Improper drain of wealth from the United States, and that money earned here should remain here. Without en tering into any academic discussion of the sub ject, from the point of view of ethics or of jiolit lcal economy, and certainly with no thought of grudging, it may properly be pointed out that there Is little if any difference between the two cases, and that sending money to Europe drains It out of this country Just an much as sending It to China. There la no doubt that immigrants from Etin.pe are aend'.ii X abroad far more ttoan XEW-YOKK DAILY TRTBFXK. SATOtfDAT. DECEMBER 22. 1006. the Chinese Lave ever sent, aud it ia dimcilt _ to -see' how "what is commendable or even per- \ mlsslble in the one c«»e can be accounted intol- ! erably wronr iv the other. That is not to say ' that Chinese immigration should be unre- . stricted. But it is to challenge the consistency | of that one argument ngalnßt it. ; It Is said, we know, that much of this money | is scut abroad to enable other members of the senders* families to come to this country. That is doubtless true of some of it, though not of the major part. But we are not sure that the fact oommeuds the practice any more, for money thus spent goes into the ' pockets * of foreign corporations and so is drained out of tfjißt f jiB country all the same, and It Increases the already undesirably large influx of Immi grants into this country- In the majority of cases it would probably be preferable to : have spent It in maintaining the people In ' their old homes rather than In. bringing them hither. But only a small part of it is thus } used, and the Christinas flood Is only a small j part of the whole. According to an item In ' Sunday's Tribune, based on official statistics, last ; year more than $1,200,000 was sent home to the ; one province of Austrian Galicia, a country with ; fewer than seven million inhabitants all told. '■ That was sent in remittances scattered through the year, nnd it was chiefly used, not for further emigration, but for investments and industries in Oalicia. as Is indicated by the fact that land prices in Galicia are now rapidly rising on account of the purchase and improve ment of farms with American money. It used to be said that Cuba was the milch cow of Spain and Panama of Colombia. It really looks as though America were bving made 1n a pecul iar sense the mil«ii cow of Europe. "KILLING THE GOOSE." Stories of the rer*:!ess destruction of Anseri can forests are unfortunately so common as to excite comparatively little notice, but the case of the town of York. Me., is particularly de plorable. Fire sawmills— four of them the port able abominations that are among the worst enemies of our forests — in operation within Us borders, and they are eating up the stand ing timber at the rate of fifty thousand feet of lumber a day. or about fifteen million feet an nually. Besides this, it is announced that a prominent Massachusetts manufacturing com pany is buying up all the timber land it can secure in the neighborhood, purposing to build a big mill for the making of boxboards, which will utilize even the small trees. Visitors to York Harbor will remember the beautiful woodlaud drives which add so much to the charm of this popular seaside resort. At the rate at which the woods of the town are disappearing the passing of this attractive feature of summer life seems not far distant. And when the luml>ermen have destroyed tho summer business, the mainstay of the York of to-day, and have used up all its woodlands, to what gainful industry will the natives turn their attention? Or can It be that, with their Yankee shrewdness, they have not looked bo far ahead as that In gathering their golden eggs? CHECKING THE COLORADO. The latest threat of a deluge In the Salton basin has brought the question of responsibility for the damage Inflicted more conspicuously to the front than at any previous time since the matter began to attract public attention. The recent breaks in the bank of the Colorado have occurred at a point where the river was tapped two or three years ago to secure water for an Irrigation system. The canals and head work 3 are the property of the California Development Company. Acting on the supposition that that corporation is really under the control of the Southern Pacific, President Konspvelt has ap pealed to Mr. Harrlman to hasten the work of repair. In reply Mr. Harrlman declares that the Cali fornia Development Company is not a Southern Pacific enterprise. He adds that whatever was done before by tho Southern Pacific was dictated by regard for Its own property and for the set tlers along Its line. Since the railroad company is about to shift Its track once more its Interests do not apparently demand that it shall bother further about the Colorado. Realizing the im portance of prompt action, however, Mr. Harrl man has Instructed his own engineers to assume charge of the task, but he asks the President whether It Is not practicable to intrust the future protection of Southern California to tho Recla mation Service of the federal government. Logically, of course, it Is the duty of the Cali fornia Development Company to adopt the nec essary safeguards, but whether it can be forced to do so Immediately may be doubted. Some thing might be accomplished, perhaps, by an ap peal to the courts of California, but the Governor of that 6tate apparently has little faith In the expediency of securing relief In that manner, for the "head works" of the canal system are on the Mexican side of the border and were made possible only by a franchise from the Mexican authorities. Though the administration at Washington Is not yet at liberty to adopt Mr. Harrtman's sug gestloiv it Is evidently preparing to secure the necessary authority. Government employes can not with propriety invade Mexico without the consent of that country, and steps have already been taken, If not to obtain this, at least to as certain how a formal request would be regarded. The sanction of Congress is also an Important prerequisite to the expenditure which the work would Involve. A chance to solicit this will not be afforded until after the holiday recess, but the President has signified his Intention of presenting the matter to that body at the earliest opportunity. He htt already received encourag ing assurances concerning the attitude which Mexico will assume when its co-operation Is sought Hence almost the only remaining uncer tainty relates to the response of Congress to any recommendation which the President may make. To the principle of federal protection from local floods the government has long been com mitted. Millions of dollars have been appro priated for levees to guard plantations along the Mississippi. In kind, if not in degree, a parallel situation is afforded In Southern California. "Dutch Charlie" will noon celebrate his 90th birthday and the completion of his twelfth term of service as a convict in the Missouri peni tentiary, most of his convictions having been for working some form of the "confidence game." His must be regarded as an abnormal case of criminality, but. even granting that, such a career raises doubts as to the efficacy of a penal system under which it is possible. The Nebraska State Agricultural College farm does more than spend the taxpayers' money in educating future farmers. This year it ex hibited nine steers In the International Live stock Show in Chicago, of which Bix won prizes aggregating $450, and one of the champions was sold to a. department store at IR cents a pound, live weight, $273 being the price realized on him as beef. With agricultural education showing such practical results as these, it Is not to be wondered at that "book farming" is looked upon respectfully in these days. And now. Just as some particularly buoyant optimists had begun to cherish a budding hope that a settlement of the Passaie purification problem was within long range sight through agreement of Newark and Paterson upon reme dial legislation, here comes Paterson and knocks the whole thing galley west with a de mand for practically Indefinite postponement! Poor old Sisyphus had p hard time of it, and Tantalus \*im subject to many annoyances, but their lot was ah <aay a* pie in contrast with that of those who are trying to redeem the Pas«al< from pollution Confusion in the Congo case is worse con founded by the utterances of Cardinal Gibbons, who expresses emphatic disbelief In the stories of administrative wickedness and firm faith in the humanity and benevolence of King Leopold, his opinion and belief being based upon the re ports of the missionaries of his Church who are at work In the Congo. We must believe, of course, that the Catholic missionaries are as ob servant and as well Informed as any others, and that the abominations alleged to have been com mitted would be as revolting to them as to any others. And certainly the sincerity and benevo lence of the venerable Cardinal are not to be questioned. Yet, on the other hand, men of high character, wide information and steady Judg ment have made appalling accusations against King Leopold and his staff. The whole case is a mystery which bids reason hesitate and judg ment pause. THE TALK OF THE DAY. A curious case of polygamy was recently tried In a French court. A baker, fifty-seven years old. stood before a Versailles jury accused of having married five women. The wives were all alive, and none had been divorced by the. baker. The wed dings took place in the years 1878. 1881, 1886. 1890 and 1904. Of these marriages four had received the blessing of the Church, and although the weddings took place In churches of neighboring districts, the man had no difficulty whatever In contracting them. The trial of the pentagomlst took a hu morous turn. The defendant declared that he did not marry because of love or for the sake of money. Tndeed. he assorted that he had not m-»rrip<l the women, but the women had married him. When one of them proposed marriage he had not the murage to refuse. Of the man's five wives three appeared as witnesses. They deposed that their mutual husband was a drunkard of whom they wished to be free. Oddly enough, he was ac quitted. "The trouble." said the dentist, as he probed awuy at tho aching molar with a long, slender in strument. "Is evidently duo to a dying nerve." "Well." groaned the victim, "It's open to you to treat the dying with a little more respect."— Tit- Bits. 'Die famous bacteriologist, Professor Robert Koch, who. In the spring of this year, went to Africa to study the somnolency disease, has established that the plague, raging principally in British Uganda, on the northern shore of the Victoria Nyania, car ried away more than two hundred thousand people. Not only the natives, as first assumed, but also Europeans fall victims to the disease. The germ of the disease Is transmitted by a stinging: fly. Prevention of the disease is, according to Dr. Koch, only possible through extermination of the flies. "Marie Studholme Is to star In a new piece called •Everybody's Darlinff.* " "Is that so? Why was Lillian Russell over looked?"— Louisville Courier Journal. Determined to have some fun out of whnt had for a long time been a costly experience to him, a Columbia avenue fruit dealer the other day put a basketful of cayenne peppers in a little open case on his stand and labelled them "Fine Guiana Cher ries," says "The Philadelphia Record." The first man to take the bait was a neighboring trades man, who had a firmly fixed fruit sampling habit Ho put one of the pseudo cherries into his mouth and was about to make a remark, but left hurriedly to attend a customer. The lady who never buys without first tasting came next. She had her two boys with her. "May I try one?" she asked, coyly, as she took a half dozen and shared them with her sons. As she walked away she gave the merchant Just one glance, but it was full of scorn, while the youngsters both started to howl. The policeman, while investigating the disturbance, saw the la belled cherries, and. as has been his custom, start ed to munch a few. He was Just about to draw his club on the chuckling proprietor when be saw a nice, ripe pear. and. to got rid of the new flavor, gulped It down In a very few bites. The fun lasted almost as long as the cherries and was well worth the price to the fruit vendor, who claims to have broken lots of people of the fruit sampling habit I wlsht I was a Congressman A-sttiyin* up o" nlphts; A-g»»ttin' up some great big plan, < ir showtn' folks de eights; A-smllln 1 pleasant a* de sun An" sliakhr ban's wif every one' I'd like to have some work like dat Jes talk d.: whole year through. An' wear a shiny beaver hat. Same as de parson do. Not Uoln' much at all. you see. 'Cep' lt'ttin' p*-ople vote fob me! —Washington Star. THE JAPANESE QUESTION- Comments on Metcalf 's Keport and the President's Position. A FLAW IN THE LAWS. From The Philadelphia Press. It Is a phameful lack of our laws that In BUing for the smallest debt a Japanese can escape from the possible Injustice and prejudice of a local court to a federal tribunal; but for more serious perils from lioycott or from violence he has no such recourse. President Cleveland asked for legislation curing this defect In behalf of the Chinese, President Harrison in behalf of the Italians, anil now President Roosevelt In behalf of the Japanese. It Is high time Congress cured this national need and national lack in the want of effective fedt-ral power to execute treaties which are the law of the land. THE PRESIDENT'S ACTION. From The Philadelphia Public Ledger. All that he It he President] undertakes is to ex ercise every constitutional power for the fulfilment of our treaty obligations. More than this he could not attempt; less than this none would expect of him. MORALtLY INDEFENSIBLE. From The New Tork Glo>je. Secretary Metcalfs report only serves to drive deeper the conviction that th« attitude of the San Franciscans, bo far as It concerns Japanese chil dren — not grown men— is morally Indefensible, though probably defensible in law. Only ninety three Japanese children la the schools, and more than a fourth of them citizens of the United States— could thesa work injury to the multitude of white children? The sentiment and conditions pre vailing In San Francisco are such— the population is necessarily so widely scattered— that segregation means that but one child Is In attendance upon the Oriental School. With the President and the Sec retary of Commerce and I^abor thi country must hope that San Francisco will alter its course In this regard. PATIENCE AND TACT. From The Hartford Courant. With a little patience, taot and goodwill all around, no question of employing force will arise. Adequate sohool facilities will be provided for the Japanese children of San Francisco: the doors ot the separate school will stand open for the young men who want to learn Kiifrlleh; the lives and goods of Japanese resld* r.ts will be as well pro tected and as safe as those of their American neighbors. If occasionally a naughty small boy throws a stone and breaks a window, no re sponsible statesman of Japan is going- to s«-e In that Incident an Infraction of the treaty, and there Is good reason for believing that the govern ment at Toklo regards coolie emigration to Cali fornia with little more favor than the Callfom ians Go. THE WHOLE QUESTION From The Springfield Union. Reverting- to the school xltuatlon. What Is the United States going to do ahout It? Treaties are a nart of the supreme law of the land, and under our treaty with Japan we cannot discriminate against the people of that country. Thw Japanese are entitled to full and perfect protection for their persons and property, nut our government is a ?overnmer.t of certain delegated rlathts. and Palt ornla takes the position that It has never dele gated to the government the rl«?ht to control the Jtubllc si-hools of that state. The Supreme t\>urt n the celebrated "Sl.'iuphterhouse" case decided thnt the Fourteenth Amendment does not deprive the states of police powers. The court upheld the rlttht of the states to regulate their domestic af fairs. The government ran and will compel ob rervance of its treaties, both at home and abroad. Hut can It read Into Its treaty with Japan a risht to r»eulate the school Hffalrs of San Francisco, or of any other dry? That Is the whole question so fur as th» governnment Is concerned, and It :s a question for the Hupreme Court to tuisa upon. A RELIEF. From The Washington Post. The country will receive the President's message with relief It removes th» Japanese Question from present consideration at* a source of posslbl-j trouble between the federal and local frovernmentß. If the- people of California will now pursue a moderate and cautious policy In deal ng with th» difficult problem before them, there Is n« [•"''»"" why the questions at Issue, between the V- nt l States and Japan should not be relocated to toe calm Bpher« of diplomacy. . , Aboxit People and Scctc.l Incident*. AT THE WHITE HOUSE. (From The Tribune Bureau. I Washington. Dee. a.— President and Mr». KooßKV«>lt hay*> Issue.<] Invitations f<»r a dinner at the White House on January U, which t» to be followed by a musical. ' *t-" Nicholas Murray Butler, president at ColumMa University, who was the truest of the President and Mrs. Roosevelt over night and aUend»-<l 'he dinner given In their honor by the Se,-rrtary of State and Mrs. Root, returned t» New York to-day. At the Cabinet meeting the Prealdent Informed the members that, as he expected to be absent in Virginia a week from to-day and did not wish to call them together on either Christmas or New Year's Day. there would not be another meeting of his advisory board until Friday. January 4. The President and his family will probably go to Pine Knot, Mrs. Roosevelt's cottage In Albemarl* Coun ty. Va.. a day or two after Christmas. The President received a message to-day from Governor Sparks, of Nevada, assuring him that the recent appointment of Judge E. S. Farrlngton. of the Circuit Court, has greatly plea*«d the people of Nevada. Callers at th« White House included Senator Car ter, of Montana, who presented a number of friends from his state, and Representatives Foster, of Vermont; Fletcher, of Minnesota, and Samuel W. Smith, of Michigan. The Cabinet met at U a. in. and adjourned at 12:30 p. m. — • THE CABINET. [ from The Trlbuns Buraau.7 Washington. Dec. 21.— The Secretary of Com merce and Labor and Mrs. Btraus are staying at the New Wlllard. but will take possession of th*ir new home In 16th street to-morrow or next da> Mrs. Straus will hold her New Tears reception for the officials of ber husband's department, and will observe her regular Wednesday at home there after. Miss Helen Taft. the only daughter of the Secre tary of War and Mrs. Taft. has arrived at her parents' home for the Christmas holidays. She is a student at a preparatory school at Bryn Mawr. Perm. THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS. [From The Tribune Bureau. ] Washington. Dec. 21. Enrique Creel, the newly selected Mexican Ambassador, will not arrive here In time for tho New Year's reception at the White House, as was supposed at the time of his appoint ment, but will reach Washington by January 15. Sefior Don Balblno Davalos. now serving as charge d'affaires, will head tha Mexican Embassy staff at tho reception. Sefior Cre«l Is many times a millionaire, and a hospitable entertainer. He has two sons and two daughters, the sons being at echool In Europe. A single and a married daugh ter will be with him here. The Austrian Ambassador will arrive In New York to-morrow, and will come at once to Wash ington. Baroness yon Stemburg returned to the German Embassy to-night after a visit of several days to New York. IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY. [From The Tribuna Bureau. 1 Washington. Dec. 21. — The Vice-President and Mrs. Fairbanks will have a large family party at their home over Christmas. Mr. and Mrs. Warren Fairbanks and Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Fairbanks will arive here to-morrow. Robert Fairbanks, the youngest of the Vice-President's four sons, and a student at Yale, reached here last evening, and Richard Fairbanks is also here. Lieutenant and Mrs. John Timmons, the latter the only daughter of the family, make their home with the Vlce- Presldent. Henry Gardner, of Chicago, a former classmate of Richard Fairbanks at Yale, has ar rived here and will be the only guest outside of the family on Christmas Day. Captain and Mrs. Richardson Clover entertained eighteen guests this evening at a dinner In honor of the Japanese Ambassador and Viscountess Aoki. Captain and Mrs. Clover will give a dinner party to meet the Secretary and Mrs. Root on Janu ary 7. Mips Rowlea, of California, who Is the house guest of Secretary and Mrs. Metcalf. met a number of young men and women of society at a tea this afternoon, when Miss Marion I.eutze. daughter of Captain and Mrs. Eugene Leutse. was hostess. Miss Mary Southerland. Miss Louise Maxwell. Miss Olga Converse. Miss Esther Denny and Miss Laura Wells assisted. Mr. and Mrs. Pike, of Chicago, and Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Alger will arrive In Washington to-mor row to remain as guests of Senator and Mrs. Alger over Christmas. Mrs. James Kernochan. of New York, who has been the guest for several days of Miss Katheiine Elklns. has returned to her home. GET ROCKEFELLER GIFT. Presbtiterians Receive $100,000 for Property in Egypt and Soudan, The Rev. Dr. Charles R. Watson, secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions ot the United Presbyte rian Church, announces In the current number of "The United Presbyterian." th» »*■■■ ♦•* ■•" nomination, that John D. Rausj MlSg has sei;t a check for $100,000 to the board "toward permanent property needs In Egypt and Egyptian &o»:dan." The biggest part of this gift will be used In the erection of new buildings for the Aslut 3W*BJSk Mr. Rockefeller gave this amount. It Is said, after the needs of the missions had been laid before him. A proviso attached to the gift Is that it "shall in no wise affect adversely the amount to be allowed the. foreign missionary Interests In the distribution of the semi-centennial fun 3." Says Dr. Watson: The gift here announced Is to be placed along side other gifts which have been received by in stitutions of our Church In the home land from the same and different source.', all of which ere remarkable instances of answer to prayer. The relief given and the Joy Inspired by his sift can scarcely be appreciated by those who nre unac quainted with the long waiting of our missionaries at the points to which these funds go for the moneys needed properly to Improve opport unities for which the centuries have waited, and i.pon which the spiritual welfare of multitudes. If not a nation, seems to depend. As Mr. Rockefeller's gift Is made with tho c.ear Intent of encouraging a work that Is worthy and quickening the contributions of a Church whose liberality Ts praiseworthy, we believe that the news of thl? gift from one In a sister denomination -** 111 l«ad others within our denomination to plan large things for the Interests of the kingdom which are committed to our Church to forward. The entire $100,000 will go Into special work— the provision of land aad building* for certain mi*-, slonary operations. Not one cent of it Is available for current expenses of our missionary work. XOT A CHRISTMAS GIFT. J. P. Morgan Transfers Title of Madison Avenue House to Son. Title to No. 229 Madison avenue, a four story brownstone dwelling house, occupying a plot 65.10 by 157 feet, was transferred yesterday by J. Pierpont Morgan to J. Pierpont Morgan, jr. The expressed condition was nominal. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan. Jr.. occupy the house. which Is one of a row of three on the block front on the east side of Madison avenue, from :u*ith to 37th street. The other hSMMea »rt> N**V and 22& No. 219 has been owned and occupied I>> Mr Morgan, sr.. for many years Xo. •£$ #s* the Isaac X. Phelps house, which Mr. and Mrs. Mor gan, sr., bought In 1903 fur about $«500.00i>. and No. 22" was Urn Do.ls • hfMBSSt, which he pur chased for about 3600.000 a year later. With the purchase of the two BMMkBM Ju-st north of his old home Mr. Morgan, sr . h*e*jsae the owner of the entire block front. Ai>out a year ago It was rumortd that Mr. Morgan In tended to erect an art museum SSI the entire block front and then give title to the property to ihe city. A short time prior to that report Bar. Morgan had built a private library aixl an Museum in the rear of hU old horn.- sit« The house, the title of which he has just transferred to hi* son. is assessed at $stfO.«HM> Regarding this transfer of title. Mr. Morgan, jr.. said last night: "Though this transfer or title has Just been recorded, ii is an old matter, and is of no public Interest Moreover, It doe* not mean hy the Mil* Velne recorded now that I am getting title to my Madison avenue home a* a> Christina* gift." \'EW YORK SOCIETY. Mr*. DbtM Pi«rr M.rMn *j»m « \ %rin da nr , . last nigh' at Sherry* for h«r gran;MaMghter!i. jj'jg, Mildrftd CUBS*. <tanght»-r *f Mr and Mr*. j nh _ Ut<Tirl>y Carter, and SMm» Gladys Kk*s| 4ss«b»m . f Mr. and Mrs. ttudolph 11. ■*■*■ The Urc ? ballroom asrfM was used for Mm a»ton. and ,h, gvntm. many *fl th«m coming from the OMra ,in<l fn-rn prlvat- dinners gtvrn in •eaSBSSSBBI wifj, IS* affJSOr. were received Jn the T*v»pt!on room hall i.y Mf*. Morgan, assisted t»j her (Jan^htpr*. Hr». farter and Mrs. Kissel, and hv her sVSatSBJSjHSsj Bupper w;i» served previous tn the daiKMnu^Mc^ did not b'-icin until about t o'clock. Tho Votniorj was led by Craig Wadsworth. who had for his partner Mlm C,irt*r. anil J>y Ph«*nlx Ingraha'm. who danced with Mi*» Kissel. The favors SSasBM. Ed of handkerchief cases, bead purses, paper Row. »r>» arranged on wands. •SjBBSI BSSMSi paper butt->r» flies for the women, and SSH receivers. Uoa«-i f cigarette*, canes and HstSSM for th« men. Ther% was also a figure In which colored *rarfs w»r« used. The cuests numbered about five hundnvf Among those present were Mr. and Mrs. <• r Alexander. Mr. and Mrs. E. 1.. Bay!2ea. sir. an<| Mr 3. W. Earl Dodge. Mr. and Mrs. W. Scott Cam ♦ron. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph B. Bourne. Mr. and Mrs. Francis R, Appleton. Mr. and Mrs. Milton 3. Barger. Mr. and Mrs. F. McNeil Bacon, jr.. ir and Mrs. J. Borden Haniman. Mr. and Mrs, Good hue Livingston. Mr. aad Mrs. Gustav c. Klasei, Mr. and Mrs. Prescott Lawrence. Mr. and Mrs. Harold Mtnott. Mr. and Mr*. Benjamin NicoU. Mr and Mrs. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Mr. and ilrij R. D. Pruyn. Countess of Stafford. Mr. and Mrs, Kenneth Roblason. Mr. and Mrs. Archibald Rc^eri, Mr. and Mrs. Reginald Rives. Mr. and Mrs. W D. Sloane. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Payne Whitaty* Mr. and Mrs. Henry Rogers Wlnthrop. Mr. and Mra. Whitney "Warren. Mr. and Mra. J. Normaa D» R. Whitehouse. Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Watertrory Miss Harriet Alexander. Mis 3 Clara W. Barclay' Miss Maud* Rives Borland. Miss Gwendolyn Burl den. Miss Ethel Cryder. Miss Edith Colford. Sltsi Nathalie Chauncey. Miss Martha Cameron. Miss Gladys and Miss Dorothea Cromwell. Mlsa Adele Colgate, Mlsa Charlotte DelaSeld. Ml3s Elizabeth Dodge, Miss Janet. Mlas Julia and Miss Easily Rosalind Fish. Miss Susan M. Ludiow Gould. Miv Adeline and Miss Electra Havemeyer. Miss Ther«s*> laelln. Miss Louise Iselin. Miss Nora Xselln, M!ss Lydla Maaon Jones. Mis* Dorothy Kissel. M!s» Annie W. Kountze. Miss Ethel Kingsland. Mis* Agne* Landon. Mis* Francea L. Uvlngston jyss Martha McCook. Miss Mary Newjbcld. Mtss E3st* Nicoll. Miss Lorraine Roosevelt. Miss Chrlstln* Kean Roosevelt. Miss Lucy Margaret Roosevelt. Miss Gladys and Miss Marjory Rice. Miss AnaaJj Ripley. Miss Muriel Delano Robblns. Miss Audrey Sackett. Miss Rosamond and Miss Susan Street. Mia* Mildred and Miss Irene Sherman. Miss Prl*. cilia Stanton. Miss Louise Tiffany. Miss Jane Rem sen Thompson, Miss Constance Warren. Misa O!ady* Waterbury, Mlas Maude Wetmore. M 133 Eeancr ■Whltrldge, Miss Gwendolyn Wickersham, Hamilton Fish Benjamin. Courtlandt P. Barnes. Sidney Breess. Ashbel H. Barney. H. Rogers Bacon. Eustace Blna dell, Elllo: Cowdin. Elliot Cross. Bayard Dodge. WUl lam Adams Delano, Lord Fairfax. Peter B. Freltig huysen. Sumner Gerard. Peter Goelet and Robert L. Gerry. CyrU Hatch, the Hon. Evelyn P. Fitzgerald. Buell Holllater. Meredith Howland. Jr.. Bayard C. Hoppln. Adrian Iselln td. Do Lancey Kane Jay. Bradlsh Johnson. Henry Markoe, jr., Louis 3lon tant. Henry I. Nicholas. Francis and Maurics Roche and Harold S. Vanderbllt. Mrs. J. Henry Dick gave a small dance last right at her house. No. 3D East 53d street, for her daughters. Miss Doris A. and Miss Julia A. Dick. Receptions will be given to-day by William Cai^ pender for his daughter. Miss Jeannie Floyd-Jones Carpender: by Mrs. James R. Doudge for Miss Edith Doudge. and by Mrs. (Jeorgs Ludovic Mc- Alpin for Miss Dorothy McAlpin. The Saturday Evening Dancing Class wIU hold Its e??ond meeting of the *eason to-nis?ht at Del monlco's. Sherry's will be the scen9 this evening of the flrst of this season's Metropolitan dances. Mr. and Mrs. Pembroke Jones and Miss Sadie G. Jones left yesterday for Wilmington. X. C where they will spend the- holidays. Mrs. W. Starr Miller will give a dinner danc* on January 16 for her daughter. Mis* Edith Miller. Mr. and Mrs. Anson Phelpa Stokes are occupying the house which they recently bought, at Malison avenue and 37th street. HOOK MOUNTAIN SUIT. Resident of Ossining, Across Eiver, Says Blasts Damage Home. A suit to stop blasting In the quarries on EooSc Mountain has been Instituted la the courts of AVestchester County and will be tried early next month. Although the action Is brought by an in dividual for damages to property *n<l for the pur pose of putting an end to the nuisance, It repre sents the Interests of practically the entire com munity of Osslning. Tho plaintiff. Miss CuiusUb M. Arnold, of Osaining. sets forth In her complaint that her home at Ossining has been damagad to th» extent of JSOO by the cracking of walls and ceil!n3» as a result of the heavy blasts on Hook Mountain. and her complaint will be sustained by dozens et citizens and property owners In Osstnlag who ha.™ suffered In a similar way. A feature of the salt will be a set of affidavits sworn to by a numb«» of physicians of Oasinlns, to the effect that tas blasting on the mountain Is a serious menace t> the welfare of the sick, not only la Ossining Hos pital but In private homes, and that tha lives c many persons have been Jeopardized thereby. According to P. I* Young, of Ossining. counsel for Miss Arnold, one room In a house ia Osslnin* has had to be replastered threa times within the last seven months as the result of the heavy blast*. There ara numerous other instances, he says, in which ceilings, walla, wall decorations and mlrrorj have been cracked and otherwise damaged by th» blasts. The whole trouble la that tha traproclc stratu* which emerges on the west bank of the Hudson In Hook Mountain underlies the river, and forms the foundation for the towa of Os.»lnlng. on tn« east sld» of the river. Therefor*, the shocks of blasting on Hook Mountain are felt two and a i*a miles across the rlv«r. The people of Ossinins h*>* complained that since last May. when the wain wrlght law was passed, glvtng the FrUlsades P*« Cbmraissloa the right to acquire the Hook Moun tain lands for the extension of Palisades Park, tne quarries have doubled thrir working force. doub.« the number of their blasts, and iave utterly dis regarded such laws as. exist regulating the near* of blasting. It Is a common thin*. Osstolng p.op» say. for the o.uarrynu»n to begin their c-asw *» early as 4:30 or I o'clock In th* morning. juidU sleep durlns the early raorn»n« hours h»^BfSS SS^ It wilt be shown at the trUl that the » h ;** (1 * the blasts 1» perceptible as far as tw " ty - tw * 1 ? ,t, t to the east, at barlen. In Connecticut ■»'*,» BriarcllK. some miles north of Opining. A J*™ 1 ;^ living In Connecti.-ut. Just *ast of tiv* New «jg State line, wtll testify that he sets h!s cl<* k i«u^ by the shock of the noontime Mast oi » ho— Mountain, whU-h la dtsun. M J"*:™*,*}™^ Osslnm* complain* also of Sunday b.auMi* Hooh Mountain an.l of «-venln;r blast* TOPICS AT THE HAGUP* Mr. Root Reserves Rizht to Di*** Disarmament and Drago Doctrine. Washington. P*e. -1.-Secretary Root to •*• ceptlns the tentative programme for ta» rroachin X conference at The Kasuei J T ra t?« rve,l the ri ht on behalf of the Volte* fj^ p to propose for discussion the sliW * C !jl # |atter ' armament and UM Dv*4P Doctrte* Tn ■* '^ subject was Injected Into the prosramoe o* Kio aesjssvesMe by the rnu.d state*, arw^ at programme had l>een praotUa»y t^mitte» >• the sneilUg of an inTernational • h » cfc WtMhinicton last winter. JJ l"*l "*r ||lt forc*J» Imolv-s the right of a nAtion^^ot V**§ the collection from other «^J"^. cxci:* debts. KHV rise to mor* f *7n'..'*r jp mor* feellnp and «v« *' *™"L.[ aiwu*"' * portanc* than any other *u»J« « Rio.