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J-77 rOZTXD A COMET.
The Rev. Mr. Mr* calf Was Look ing for Asteroid*. * I Boston. Dec. Pastoral duties do not pre *"»< C» Rex. Joal H. Metcalf. of Tfcanton. pas tor of the First Congregational Church CCrd tarlaa). from pursuing astronomical Investiga tions, his study of the stars recently resulting In the discovery of a new comet, which Is now being closely observed by astronomers through out the world, n has been named 'tletcalTa cornet." and Harvard Observatory la Constantly receiving telegrams from other great observa tories containing data disclosed to other ob servers In then- study of It. Th* Bar. Mr. Mee> calf has an observatory tn the yard attached to his Tannton home which he bunt himself: tire wise a telescope which he made himself, and he has developed a new method of discoverina; asteroids. It was fay thai method that the plat« was taken In the development of which the new comet was apparent. Mr. Metcalf was horn m ISCB at MeadvQK Perm, and was graduated from Allegheny a* lace and the Meadvilla Theological School He w. a boyce. A Chicago publisher who has offaiwd to organize ■ syndicate to run the postoffice as a business proposition, agreeing to reduce letter postage to 1 cent, continue the present rats on publi cations and pay over to the government all that the syndicate makes over and above 7 par cent on a capitalization of $200.000,(00. Is also a graduate of the Harvard Divinity . the discovery of the comet, tn Novem ber, his parishioners had viewed his observatory as-! telescope with little Interest, believing that his study of tiie heavens was merely a fad of no FT' at iirportance. But the announcement -•h Harvard Observatory of his discovery awoke them to the fact that he was an astron omer cf rank. I- the last four years he has devoted htan •fclf in the time be rives to astronomical work to the discovery of asteroids, anfl be Is one of the taws astronomers in the world to-day who are ? In this line with conspicuous success, the other being Max Wolf, of Heidelberg. In the last year Mr. Metcalf has discovered nine teen asteroids, of which seventeen were new. the other two being rediscoveries of asteroids that had been discovered and then lest The method be uses of photographing asteroids Is of his own devising, which permits successful work with much smaller Instruments than those required for the old methods. His observatory Is of simple construction. It FOUR MEN WHO RECEIVED NOBEL PRIZES AT THE RECENT DISTRIBUTION. i i. THOMSON. Prize for physic*. He Is Cavwvdxds professor of experimental physios at Cambridge University, Eng land. Popularly known as *th» r.'.cn v.hs spiit the atom." jjir ~h BAd Wliltft. MSW-YOBK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, DECEMTTCI. 23, ir)Df>. THE REV. JOEL H. METCALF AMD HIS HOMEMADE TELESCOPE. la of the slld'ng roof pattern, easting, wtfh the concrete base, only (100. It Is made to two parts, one -half a little larger than the other. so one slides over the other about six Inches when the roof Is dosed. Grooves run up and down at the Joint of the lower section to prevent water working In. T*e sections of the roof are each mounted on four wheels, whidh ran on aa Iron track fastened to the long beams, which are twice the length of the house. The roof Is THE HOMEMADE OBSERVATORY OF THE REV. JOEL H. METCALF. opened by pulling tn ropes fastened t* the rrrMiTU. of the roof and tz. the T~H^'w of the erosspleoes a? the projections. My Metcalf *>■■ also made & measuring m*> rhtrm for astronomical photographs. It holds a larger plate than the Oxford and Greenwich machines, and differs slightly Is the lens and micrometer scale. In photographing asteroids Mr. Metcalf adopt ed the plan of moving ***** telescope cjad plats to follow the movements of the asteroids, so that CAMILLO COLOL Prix* for biology. Aa Kal ian, and a professor at the University of Pwvta, The microbe of malaria Is perhaps his most fa mous discovery. — I.' ill usu-ali on. a i«r^g exjjosnre c**! be r.il« tizxi th* faints ones photographed by apparatus that under ordinary circumstances would not serve. In the plate thro secured the asteroid appears as a dot. while the stars are trails. About thir ty-flve minutes Is required to secure a plate on which asteroids win show, and daring this time the Instrument Is adjusted every miTmff* n was while examining a plate exposed for asteroida that Mr. Metcalf discovered the mark left by a comet, movtnr £a a Bonttrvreztsriy ffl rectJon. nearly south of the Pleiades mnA soa& west of Orion. A second photograph taken the following night confirmed the discovery. o JOURNALISTIC LUMISAEZ. "Mamma." said the little boy, lr*»v<Tig; out ef the car window and nnting the sign an the sta tion, "this Is Aurora." "Yes. dear." answered ni.miw« "This hi where the Aurora Bocealls ta published. You mustn't put your feet on ti*e aeat. Willie." — Chicago Tribune. C. CARDUCCL Prize for literature. On© of Italy's most distinguished literary men. Has published many works. His poems breathe the republic in spirit. - Black and V.tute. RAMON V CAJAL. Prize for biology. He dV vided th« prize in this department with Gotgi. Cajal is a Spaniard, and is a professor of histology at Madrid University. — L-'lUustratlca. S.II'IXG IX KXGLAXD. Coatinurd from •rcoad pass. riien It may happen that he Is pressed for hta rent, or has .flrkntss or perhaps d<>.ifh in his family, or suffers from any one of the thousand finain iai eiubaitasameaU which hamper the people of his dasa. He draws on the fund in his haada to satisfy the landlord, the doctor or the. undertaker, hoping to replace the sum so ab stracted. At the last moment he flnd.s "himself unable to make good his defalcation, and acts on the advice of the desperate old provart which tells him he may as well be hanged for a sheep as for a lamb. He disappears with the rest of the money, and twenty, fifty or perhaps a hundred families pass a hungry and joyless Christmas Instead of the happy time to which they had looked forward as a reward of their prudence and foresight. There are blacker cases still. In which the fraud is heartlessly designed from the first, but they ore comparatively rare. Two cases were reported this Christmas in which motormen and conductors of a London tramway company, who belonged to Christmas clubs formed among them spires, were robbed, ta the first instance of between $2,000 and $2.1i00. and tn the second of MODEL FOR STATUE OF ROBERT CL INGERSOLL. _ fQcroriEtt. 1906. by W. M. (Samoa.) The model has just been completed by F. E. Trieber, a New York sculptor. The statue will be cast in bronze on the order of the Ingersoll Monument Association, of Peoria, 111, and is to be ready for unveiling in that city on July 21, 1907, the anniversary of the death of the noted agnostic, lawyer, orator and politician. aboct $1,000. The mar. responsible for the first loss was noticed a short time before Bring rather expensively. He la Bald to have remarked that a relative had died and left him $3,000. The fact that his family went into mourning lent color to the explanation. But when the shareholders went to his house on Christmas Eve they found It empty and the man and his family missin?. Some of the disappointed ones expected to realize $150 for their year of self-denial, and one conductor was to marry on his share Christmas Day. London magistrates and newspapers have been once more engaged In advising the thrifty work man to place his weekly dole In the penny sav ings bank, but the private, unguaranteed Christ mas goose and slate club sr;»::i to have a peren nial fascination for the English workman. GOALB FALSE LOGIC. Attorney General Moody, discussir.^ a legal point, said: "That is striking, but false logic. It reminds me of a conversation I once heard at the sea shore. "A man in a striped bathing suit was rur.nfng on thin, pale legs over the hot. white beach toward the cool water, when a friend, him by the arm, said: " 'What! Are you going in to bathe Ju=* after a heavy lunch? Why. you will be drowned. 1 " 'Oh, no; not at all.' replied the other. 'I at» nothing but ush.' " ALL HAIR ON FACE AND ARMS permanently removed; no electricity, pollen, pain: 36 years' experience. Protected by law. Beware of person who cnples my ad. Trial treatment at office, VL MME. JULIAN. 123 sth Ate. C-'OUi St.). THE HELBURN BINDERY, IOC 103 SIXTH AVK.. NEW V()!:K. Wine Library Blndins Fpecla.l attention given tn Art. Architectural. Medical and ... Periodicals, Special Flexible Binding for Ha Lc aiaker.i of all kir.dj of Portfolio* and Scrap-Hooks. Correaujndetica so licited. Telephone IBS 3 GramercT. KSXKA I AIU-K MOINTID MOOSE HEADS CHEAP rOB GASH. Also one choice AFRICAN MALE LION. 13 feet ion*. made up as Hus. with head mour.t.d. open jaws. AAAzma X. W. yiIANKI.I.N. tSfi DroaCwajr. ii. X, 9