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night, you have to take your choice," said he, "in the Providence <>t" God, between falling into the hands of a hand of Kurdish brigands and int- > those of Izzet Bey, pray that Cn>d in his kindness may leave you to the mercies of the Kurds i was once negotiating for a permit to build an ::i;m. tant house. The dignitaries of the ward, t<> the n>*mber of twelve or fourteen men, 'Acre as en ■ '«<! in my room to >i^ m the papers after a minute examination "i~ the premises and the plans, r a> understood that besides the regular fees each one would receive taffy in the form of a couple of dollars for his signature We were sitting inacircle, drinking coffee, smoking, and discussing liter ature and science in a most amicable way. while the signatures were being affixed. My lawyer came softly behind me and whispered that the . ity surveyor would not sign unless-] gave him fifty dollars. The surveyor was sitting directly in from of me, about ten feel away, and .it the moment was telling me his wonder at Edison's resource fulness in invention. 1 whispered to the lawyer to tell the surveyor to go to grass; he was required by law to sign, since every detail of the plan was straight My lawyer went around the outside oi the i irele with my message to the surveyor, to whom in the meanwhile 1 was giving viva voce the general facts of Edison's early history The amicable conversation continued inside of the circle, and the whispered discussion of lawless ands proceeded ■ >n the out -nlc The Surveyor*! Obduracy THE surveyor admitted, in whispers, thai he was legally obliged to sign the pa] ers, bui pi tinted out that it would tak< gel pressure enough through the Legation to him to give his signature At the same his smooth and musical tones were saying ti i in< ■ t 1 . • ■ ■ • ■ ■ \ mci .ti « .. - !:(.:;■;• ■•■.-• cul< >us After an offer of five dollars had been re ■ ted with sci >m, the f< mpron ed on c dollars and a half, and placed his signa tun "ii the permit, taking his departure cfid courtesy, to lurk behind some conven ient corner oi the street until my ' i d !•!) the gold The ] ■ in la\ kinship to a woman in the Sultan's hai rougnoul all ■ the balance ot power one of the cal •• t i i tei • main* ■ ! Ha- an Pasha. M M ■ Id during tw( nty years or i ore if I ■• ■ ■ ightlv, of 1 the Sultan Abdul id 6ne cannot be •■ ■•> • rtain aboul I • - .■ ■ of current interpretations of such mys ■ ■ [t has been ti '' ! '! me, ■<•.i-. i»n g i authority that the Pasha's spies one is sur prised in Turkey on finding how many people maintain spies, as one is in New York on d ■ •■ n$ (any keep automobiles') warned the Mil of the Sultan's purpose to dismiss ' i The Pasha then weni to the Sultan with an ab ■■ •• tct iif .t' 1 ■• ■ >neys that His M ent i furk< ■■ fi ■ ■ •■ tmeni in Europe on his own t i account. "On the day thai you remove t: l aid to his Sultan, "this list in . ' I I be published in London. Paris, ami Bcrlii If 1 die suddenly at an> time, the • ■•• I v ill be the same, there is no reas< n for you 1 - xposure as long as lam not i • ted ! lassan Pasha w asm A n tnovi d and died .-. Nat ural ng re' ealed a■, ti ipacity foi swall ■ . . • ■ the appropriatiot : Servants Versus Ministers TTll 1. .1 ■•.:•• * th( tsat the ] ace broke the power of thi ftl i ■ •• ■ at 1 me Porte Mil ■ .!.•'!•■ • ■ ■ ■ • ■ ■ :■. i!.:t c and feared to disot>e\ 1< a cabinet minister was ■ i ted t< ' ■ Sultan's presence, he was first searched tor . • • '.< d i. : ons More often .i minister i, r om^ to ;- t • • ; • S. ■ ■ Un vital matter of p< >lii y would be made to vail in an anteroom vi I pleased omi '<•!■. to ask him his busine s I" en '.<! • i eft ti h meditations like an uninvited -, ■• • . ■ . ting room of a newspaper < ■ • • ■ ■ . ■ •: .i paper i A instruct ii >ns, . and signified that ' . ■ ■ ■ ,!>•.. '■ Sublime Pi rte no one could be f< md th power to decide anything, I thi ' old Go'\ ernmeni H< appointed ] I aining b< n - Am- I Mil Plenipotentiary, ninent busini ng transacted :ti ' ; - '■ '• ■ • - Sultai lealinj .... ten take the mi I urn vvl ■ ■ • ■ • i plelteian. - ■ .■ • England and Ru »sia ■ ..).••■■'■ ther in ( '. : ■ ' : ■ . The Sultan--- ji that any recognition . and Bulgaria Eastern Rumelia ng an unconstitutional I own s< •■- ereignt y > >ne day a tal \VI t< theßritisi \i >randum « hich i >ffered tun inion in Bu 1 Englan 1 the Sultai • • ■ nd in X ■■-"-'. ■ • ■ • as a . ■ • • : . SUNDAY MAGAZINE FOR DECEMBFR *o li»o o and a »tafl landed to • ■ I • ■. at once, lit- was visibly shocked on being ''< '. the presence <<i an « -1 1 1 . white haired man, lying ::: bed, .m<l looking as white as his long cotton • r.iji The stall officer rather feebh explained the Sultan ■•• i •uM m't slo ; i privati orandura wa » restored to his hand loung i said the Ambassador, "you see liable t<> attacks ..t cold ■-. fatal Thai memorandum is in which ii" one bni myseU has access 1 should r<.sk .•. cold thai mi^ht prove my <!<■. •' • i ere 1 oui of my .varm bed and go thi The OU SultJn Stepped Out it the Launch ■ , ■ ■ • ■ •. ■ • rninj . and yi The stafl ■ Ido i wa; turn at daylighi the d»n un ent. But h< that Ambassadi i • . Ei y archives wit ■ ... Sultai • f Bttl an uni< n was not vi ( >i..' of th< trong poini f the i- tai closel) to cunninj ■ He ■ . . ■ '■ ■ . th thi extent 1 . thout n fleet 1 the Dardani • Sir 1 the Brit -'. Ami r. 1 c the n ropeai ■ - . . ••-■■• If we were 1 : ...... . ■ ■ Powers. V meet. 1 ,-■.■■ ■ ■ • , tructioi . ■ ■ recing 1 ■ ■ ■ . • . • • . ■ ■ _ . • , ■.-.-. ted tc ■ > homi i ••••■ we .•. take a decisi< >n ! • ■ the Sultai : ; : :. . . ■ .• The Sultan's Ruse T\ \ • •r , -■ 5 ilema r. ■ tri r.g 1 ment 1 ad nearly d< et \ ■ ■ . • • the Sul t ai • • ition thai ■ • to, i enough in somi ■ ■ lin 1 eep the pi . • • • . ■ - - ... .... ild "pass i t ■ break I ' .... -dt r ■ ' .••■! mail •■_■• me. the Sultai I ' ' I a great band ■•■■■: ■ ■ ..... States and England. But there was no need for these passionate prayers. The message of the Presi dent paralyzed the British fleet, because no one could tell what might grow out of so peremptory ;t declaration Discords in the West once more gave respite to the Turk, and the massacres went merrily on their tearful course through the next year. The Sultan's watch on every movement which concerns his interests implies an ingenious vigilance. In the winter of 1892^93 the United States Govern ment had a claim against Turkey for the burning of a building belong n<; to Americans, where the fire was set by order and under the supervision of a high Turkish official. Turkey claimed that it was not responsible, and ought not to pay the bill. One day the State Department at Wash ington telegraphed to the American Minister at Constantinople, " How many ships will be sent?" The message, as is usual in such cases, was taken :o the Sultan before being delivered to the man ..ddressed. It was translated to His Majesty i:i the form, " How many ships shall be sent?"' Early the next morning one of the Sultan's staff appeared at the American Legation with His Majesty's compliments, and a message :>> the effect that there was no need to send shi'>s to collect indemnity for the burned building; if the American Minister would call at the Sublime Porte during the day he would find the affair ready to be settled at once The American Minister was pleased with the Sultan's friend liness; but when he saw .... from Washington his honest heart made him explain its meaning. The message did not relate to the sending of American ships to Turkey, being in tended to inquire how many ships Turkey would send to America for the great inter national naval parade. i*»o Fleet. V Settlement /~\\~ hearing this explanation the staff officer could hardly tarry to put on his overshoes, and he galloped to the palace as with great new-. It is needless to acid that, although the American Minister went to the Sublime Porte that after i noon to get his indemnity, he found everyone there amazed that he should expect Turkevito settle a bill which had already been rejected in plain terms \o fleet, no reason to settle, is a well known axiom of the shrewd Turk's policy". To this day no proof has been found that the Sultan ordered the massacres of the terrible two years 1895-96. If orders went "out, they were ingeniously sent through irresponsible parties. But I came across a telling bit < f evi dence during the massacre in Constantinople in :.Sj6. when me six thousand Christians were killed with clubs in the streets •>f the city. Amid the general looting by Mohammedans 1 became anxious about a building ii which I was inter ested, and asked the police for a guard. The official promised everything in the way of protection. Then he said. " I think you might quiet the fears of any of your friends whom you can trust, by telling them that I have orders to protect you and all Greeks and Roman • 'atholics and Pii testanta Tell them this if you can trti>t them; but do not let it to the ears of the Armenians, for in that case every Armenian would be declaring himself a .... •' nI JL". r v Ro! " ;in Catholic." lhis speech gave me evidence enougr. :::.it the police directed the massacre, which the S-.:':.in was declaring to be the work of an unrestrainahle mob. hie day in 1897 I was told by a well informed person that Sultan Abdul- Hamid would be killed the next day as he passed through the >:r«.ets to a great religious function which etiquette required him to ....... old palace of the Seraglio Point. It was an interesting question whether he would be ""indisposed" and stay at home, or would 1 rave the bombs of patriots whose intentions were not v<>n cealed. I went into the street before the appointed time, and found all preparations made for the pro* cession! Troops lined the roads, and great multi tudes were assembling to .... who dared. Outwitting the Bomb Thrower!) c: DDENL\ a word ot advice came to me to £o:to *** the Seraglio « >r. a gorgeous steam launch, sur rounded and guarded by a small Beet or launches full of marines, the Sultan came from his beautiful gardens straight to the Seraglio by water As he stepped out of the launch, high officers on either side supported him by the arms, much a-> ■ img gallants might support a belle on her I [tiding from a boat. Hi> face was worn and : .Jed. A hill beard had grown where the -:;■..•• ch'erS v>ed to be m contrast with .. black • >:.<.', ar.d the beard w. ; s strongly touched with c. i'"«* head was slightly bowed terwar.!. as if to. cavily burdened for the muscles ot the neck His >; : was slow and deliberated although there was :■.. : ; .:\£oi uncertainty or feebleness in the tread I ..:.i!s accompanied the old i:"..;V. to .. coach waitin. near. •;r.d the little cortege swept -.;:;.:rt'\ ;::• the ! Many .*re the sj eeuldtions as to wh.it will .vptn when Ab'dul-Hamid dies . • >ne thing only is rtaiai Reshaii Erlend: :he Sultan's brother and ri Irjpir heir apparent, has the usual bitter grievar.c, h:< sovereign, fc>r he has betn .. cl«>se pri» ■ ' in & gildetl |>uTace these thirty years, surrounded -: ; .t.s, and never sure but that his women .^ri- :•.. < tell his secret thought-; to his brother C.ive: such cat:>e> «i! re>«.-ntir.tn' in a new Sultan, thcrt -mall probability of his continuing the policy vi •' c old.