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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 02, 1907, Image 1

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V OL -LXYI--.-N°- 21.962.
Hundred Horses Run Wild 'About
Blaze in West 5Sd Street.
One of the hardest fought and spectacular
blazes for months on the "West Side nearly
cleaned out the entire block In 'West 53d street,
between Ninth aafi Tenth avenues, this inorviln?,
burning many horses to death and driving half
a hundred families homeless Into the street.
One fireman "was seriously Injured and many
more slightly hurt. A water-tower v>as smashed
by a falling wall.
Besides fighting- the blaze, th© firemen and the
police battled for half an hour with the men
lrho had been driven from their homes, end
scenes of greet disorder arose, hampering the
work of the firemen and aiding in the spread of
the flames. , . . . - „
The fire started witlva two-alarm blaze in the
five-story building at No. 429 "West C3d street.
The lower part of this was occupied by the Or
monde boarding stable and Beake's Dairy. Of
the hundred and fifty horses in the stable nearly
fifty died in their stalls, while, the hundred pulled
and driven into the street ran wild about the
blaze, knocking over spectators' and hampering:
the firemen.
The upper three floors were filled with small
manufacturing' establishments, and the rooms
for the most part contained, light, inflammablo
stuffs. The fire swept all stairways and ele
vator shafts, mushrooming in the upper floors,
fo that by the time the firemen had got their
pipes close to the blaze the entire building was
aflame. A third alarm was sent in and then a
With all their other troubles the firemen were
hampered, as usual, by the lack of water pres
sure, which has caused more big fires on the
"West Side than any other one thing. The two
•water towers were kept in front of the heart of
the flames until one of them was disabled, hut
their usual powerful streams scarcely equalled
an ordinary pipe stream.
Two fire boats were summoned hastily and
rushed to the pier at f>3d street. Long lines
were run down to them and the land service
•was augmented by their powerful pumps. In
spite of this extra aid, the high northeast wind
got behind the flames and ma/le mock of the
efforts of the firemen.
Ac the fire spread down the north side of 53d
street the •wind swept it across the street. The
flames nit the sides of the tenement houses,
and every window snapped In the blistering
h*at and trent flying into the streets in a mill
ton splinters. Through the open windows the
sharks were swept, and in a minute the fire
men had a score of tiny blazes in the old houses
to fight. By the hardest sort of work they kept
the fire within limits on the south.
Fearing a gTfcve disaster, Deputy Chief Binns.
who was in command in the absence of Chief
Croker, ordered the tenement houses on either
*lfle of the street cleared. The order included
these In f>4Ch street as well. These are all Svq
stiry buildings, sheltering tome forty families
eplece. or fronr*eever. to eight hundred parsons.
In a few mlnuteß the streets were filled with
fright c-r.od men and women and score* of chil
dren. Of th- lot scarcely more than t-vo«oore
Tare acyrhsre nearly <Sre«ised, and hundreds
*tood about clad only In their nijht clothes,
shivering in the piercing winds.
Host of the tenements were rilled with Irish
end German families, with a «prinklln« of Ne
(rrM*. HM9 of the men are employed in the
"v7c-»c Side tfa-!£hter houses and breweries, and
are W«r, flgtati-as, >jffriacioue fellow*. They did
not \nmt to be pur out, and half x hundred of
them had to ba falrl7 ciubbed into submission.
One* out into the street they wanted to continue
tie fight, and for half an hour the police from
the four Weet Side precincts had their hands
Sin. The men. spoJ!Jr!£r for a fight, sot between
th» f>en-..*i and the burning building*, breaking
*^P tin >9tto« Jin** ait hindering their neighbors
who were trjrJnff to e*v« waie of their household
rood*. By l vtgorcniß nee of the locust nlght
•U«k» a«4 itslh cfu-r rurh ihm police finally
<£*tred the wejr.
The Hi* was discovered by Fireman De
*TUliv, »f DnKlii*. Company 1, who lives at No.
435, rtsht u.n-f»« tho «• <y*\ *rt>m th« Ormondo
•«*»i»* Ht, had a day off, end was «pending
'■ 44 how*. About 1 o'clock he tav tho flames
'«'- I<h1 < h the windows. He rushed across, and,
after •'. r.«j.r.^ in the :ir*t alarm, started In the
Cent's* on fifth t>«e.
ft?* «-J r ' cur. 30th -:' Two uicrU tr«.>« ■"•Viib.
Senators Believe Mr. Spooner Will
Answer Mr. Foraker.
[From The Tribun* Bur«*;:.1
■Washington, Jan. — One of the mont inter
esting- and brilliant debates which has occurred
in the Senate for a number of years is expected
immediately after the holiday recess, when Sen
ator F*orakcr'e resolution instructing the Com
mittee on Military Affairs to Investigate the
! Brownsville affair will again come up for eon
1 sideration. Senator Foraker. who is recognized
i as one of tho ablest lawyers in the upper houio,
j and whose tenacity of purpose Is famous, win
earnestly preru his resolution. In tho debate
which occurred the day before th« recess he
practically staked his reputation on two propo
sitions—namely, that the President had ex
ceeded hla constitutional authority in discharg
ing without honor the men dismissed from the
25th Infantry, and that he had acted without
'sufficient evidence, or, as Mr. ForakeT expressed
It. that he "misconceived the testimony on which
his action is based."
In the estimation of those most competent to
judge, further discussion of these propositions
•will lend to a battle of giants. Mr Foraker
probably served th* President better than he
knew when he pressed the discussion on the eve
of the recess. Senator Lodge immediately re
plied, though briefly, to the remarks of the Sen
ator from Ohio, an<l the result was merely to
emphasize the importance and the internet of
the questions Involved. As a result, a large
number of Senators have availed themselves of
the recess to read with great care all of the evi
dence and document* bearing on the Browns
ville case, ns well as to study the legal question
Senator Spooner, who la generally regarded as
the most capable constitutional lawyer and the
most able debater in the Senate, will doubtless
contest the propositions set forth by Mr. Forakor,
and the result will, it is expected, be a debate of
the most lively and Interesting character. Sen
ator Spooner has been quoted as saying that ha
had reached no opinion regarding the conten
tions of the Senator from Ohio, and that he had
not determined to contest them. Nevertheless,
some of the ablest lawyers in the Senate, after a
most careful examination of th" legal phases of
the case, have decided that the Ohio Senator is
In error in his proposition that the President ex
ceeded hie legal and constitutional authority, and
those who know Senator Spooner realize that he
IB so constituted that he cannot hear the Presi
dent erroneously attacked on such grounds with-
OUt speaking out In his defence. Once convinced
that the President acted within his rights. Mr.
Spooner will regard It as his duty to defend him
with all hlB ability, and there is reason to be
lieve that before Congress meets he will have
decided that the course of the President wag
fully justified. :;
Those who have most carefully studied the
facts also believe that Senator Foraker's second
contention that the President acted without suffi
cient evidence is equally mistaken. They point
to the fact that moral evidence Is often quite
as strong as direct testimony, end they believe
that the morel evidence In this oe.ee was ample
to warrant the PrcHidetnt in Ms belief that the
men of the 25th were guilty of "shooting up"
Brownsville. It Is declared, for instance, that
when the Preeidcn as commander In chief of
the army v/aa calfod upon to determine what
courM he should pursue ho was under no
obligation to bare his decision solely on the
(statements of the comparatively few witnesses
irbo «'tre examined by the army Inspectors. Ha
•was, on the contrary, entirely at liberty to ac
cept &s evidence the absolute unreasonableness
of other hypotheses, as, for instance, that the
residents of Brownsville to greatly endangered
the. lives of their woman ail's children and ac
tually killed one man and maimed another tor
the purpose of bringing discredit on the Negro
tro-Jjjs: to take :nto consideration that Major
Blockfsom, the army inspector, examined only a
a few of a number of people who would doubt
l&ie have testified to the same facts, although
Uio major examined all that he regarded as
necessary to establifch the case, and secured all,
&ad rao?e than all, the evidence which had been
ne«eß**ry to lejoonattate the guilt of the men
to tee ofrlcer* of tiie 25th, who would naturally
fcK,vc been the..le«ct eaaUy convinced. It ie re
fard*d «a ceWtoeji that had It occurred to
Httct !s'it<*Jioii that any one would put for
ward the •ooi*vr"n*t lngeniua, but wholly un
ro»*or.able. £«fsnce that probably the cltUena
Of Brownsville did the shooting be would have
secured naftßjr more statement* than he did;
Lut having secured all ! -- deemed iiecesa&ry to
eetaLUr' 1 ! -.?io facts. v not only to hi« own «ati»
fw:tl*-- but t* that of th« ortU'Wt oorairianuinx
' ssMsasi on second !>•#•-.
Gwernar Ma goon Hopeful — Gen
eral Bell Leaven Havana.
Havana, Jan. 1. — Governor Ma-goon held his
New Year's reception in th* Red Room of the
palace. Among those who came to express their
good wishes were the members of the diplomatic
and consular corps. Senators, member* of the
House of Representatives, the justices: of the
Huprame Court, the chiefs of departments and
officers of the army and navy. Sefior Gaytan d*»
Aynla. the Bpanlsh Minister and the dean of the
diplomatic corps, addressing Mr. Ma >,"■><■?'. as the
representative of the Cuban Republic, extended
the sincere congratulations of the corps, and ex
pressed tl;<»!r earnest wishes for the speedy and
complete re-establishment of the normal polit
ical status of Cuba on the basis of the restora
tion of Cuban Independence. In conclusion the
Spanish Minister extended to Governor Mogoon
personally the earnest wishes of the diplomats
for his complete success in th« noble and ardu
ous task in which he was engaged
In reply Governor Magoon ex| ressed his pro
found gratitude at these assurances of friend
ship, which he said were prompted by sym
pathetic good will toward the people of Cuba in
their endeavor to maintain their place In th«
family of nations a: 0 toward the United States
in Its efforts to help them. "I join you in wish
ing;," the Governor . continued, "the early and
complete re-establishment of political tranquillity
In Cuba. I rejoice that everywhere- In the island
thf-re are evidences that political passion and
prejudice are passing away ami that reason and
Judgment are taking their places. Peace, and
prosperity have returned. The sympathy of the
world Is supporting tho United States and di
rectly assisting it, and there is little doubt that
the remaining difficulties soon will be removed
and the way opened for the attainment of tho
ultimate destinies and high purposes of Cuba."
General J. Franklin Bell i:as turned over the
command of the American forces In Cuba to
Brigadier General T. J. Wint. Accompanied by
his wife and General Rodriguez, commander of
the Cuban Rural Guard. General Bell left hern
this afternoon on board the steamer olivette for
Tampa. He was escorted on board by a number
of American and Cuban officers, and as the
Olivette passed out of t ii« ■ harbor phe was saluted
by the guns of Cabana ■ Portress.
In the absence of General Rodriguez the con:
mand of the rural guard will devolve upon
Colonel Avales.
Financier Attacked a* "Arch Op
pressor" in His Ore v Church.
[By Te!»Rrr;-ph to "lie Tribune.]
Cleveland, Jan. I.— ln a discussion before tho
five hundred members of the Men's Club of the
Euclid Avenue Baptist Church, known as Rocke
feller's church, Howard Dennis, a labor speaker,
savagely denounced John U. Rockefeller as "the
arch oppressor of labor." Dennis said:
If l were a member of the Fame church, as were
John D. Rockefeller and J. Plerpont Morgan,
either they would get out next Sunday or I
would. ■ . ■
Dennis's denunciation of the chief financial
supporter of the churoh was received with
. . »
All of the Jewelry which was stolen torrte weeks
ago from the mother of Samuel Green, of Katonah.
has been recovered. It was loft with a boarding
house keeper, who dirt not know what the package
contained. The jewelry is valued at about S4,oi».
There is' still miaain- SJGJ In cash.
Excursion rates to all winter resorts South,
T>(ilS^. cojnfortaUo ships. Telephone 414 worth.—
AiSvi ;:--Vr •'"" - ' .i'-J-x
(Photographs by J. W. Aid*)
Will Lead Assembly — Senator
B (lines Temporary Senate President.
I By T«;*4trai-h to Th« Trlbiina. ]
Albany. Jan. 1. — Caucuses were held to-night
j by both parties In both branches of the Legis
lature preparatory to organization at the first
session to-morrow. Senator Raines was named
by the Rapubiicans as President pro tern, with
out opposition. Speaker Wadsworth was named
to succeed himself in the lower house. In th«
Semite the IVmocrats voted to make Senator
Grady leader of th? minority and to accept La
fayette B. Gleaton as clerk and any npointments
he may choose to take.
The Democrats of the Assembly chose this
first opportunity to do service to their party to
I elect "Paradise Jimmy" Oliver leader of the mi
nority Oliver came back to the Assembly last
year after several years' "rest" from public serv
ice. He was the buffoon of the Assembly, call
i:i< down on his silvered head Jeers and ridicule
a dozen times a day, making himself the butt of
rude horse play and apparently liking nothing
better. 11. C. Stratton, of Chenango, was named
agairisl him, but refused to be a candidate.
The only light worthy of mention was that
I over the post of stenographer to the Senate.
| Even this di.i not come to a unlit in the caucus,
j since George H. Shotwell practically withdrew as
a candidate against .lames C. Marriott, the sten
ographer last year, and his name was not pre
sented in the caucus. Nevertheless^ lively polit
lcnl manipulation was necessary to bring this to
pass. Sbotwell had behind him the Influence of
State Chairman Woodruff and the Senators from
Brooklyn. Senators Armstrong, Tuliy. Raines.
White, Wllcox, Hinman, Page, Congressman Par
sons, Borough President Cromwell of Richmond,
where Mr" Marriott lives, and many others advo
cate I his candidacy.
Senator Armstrong particularly was bitter
against Mr. Shotwell. He declared that in con
nection wilh the Insurance Investigation, Mr.
Shotwell hail shown himself unfit to have a
place like this one. Other charges were voiced
against him in the fight. Senator Armstrong
' frankly told his friends that if Mr. Shot well's '
name were presented to Hie caucus and accept- ;
ed lie himself would refuse to be bound by that j
decision and would h'cht Mr. Bbotwell on the i
floor of the Senate Finally. Chairman Wood- I
and thought it mitrht be advisable not to make \
too bitter a fight. and Mr. Shotwell withdrew as ■
a candidate.
Senator Gates, of Madison County, who was !
elected by a combination or" Democrats. 1 R#pub- j
licans and Independents, after a campaign
which cost him went into the Republi
i an caucus just .•••■ : he did last year, and hud full |
privileges granted to him. These. he utilized hy i
nllng a remonstrance against the appointment!
of W. A. Bobbins from his district, as engross- '
ing clerk. ' .:' ■. ' .-■■
The organization of the Senate, as agreed on ;
to-night, will be: Senator Raines, President pro ;
tern.; Lafayette B. Cleason. clerk; Charles R. i
HotOllng, sergeant-at-arms. and James C. Mar
riott, .stenographer. This is the same as last i
year. In the Assembly, too, the organization will
be practically the same, with James W. Wads
worth. Jr.. Speaker; Archie B. Baxter, clerk; i
Prank W. Johnston, sergeant-at-arms. and ;
Henry C. Lammert, stenographer. Ward T. j
Cluett. doorkeeper, is a new man. i
Speaker Wads worth, in a brief speech after |
his nomination, thanked the Assembly for the |
honor conferred on him a second time. He said ;
ttiat last year he had frequently appealed to his ,
colleagues for help in solving the perplexing
questions that confronted him. and that this
year he intended to appeal to them for similar
assistance and guidance. The Speaker said that
he wished his follow Assemblymen to realize
that the best service they could do for them- i
selves and the Republican party would be in
serving the state and all its people to the best i
of their abilities. . . . . ■
- Much comment was caused by the selection of I
Senator Patrick H. McCarren, of Brooklyn, as
chairman of the Democratic caucus committee I
in the Senate, giving him a commanding position
in his party in that body.
Its purl;, ii«a m*d« It fwnou»" — Advt.
by ceryruriit. AMocteOon. PRICE THREE OT^VTQ
His Highest Ambition Is to Serve the People of the
Empire State.
Oath Administered in Assembly Chamber by Secretary of State — Speeches o!
Ex-Gov. Higgins and the Governor.
[By :>>gr«.r > to Th" Tr!i-«r.f. ]
Albany. Jan. 1. — Governor Hughes took hl3
oath of office a few minutes after noon to-day,
the oath being administered by a Democratic
Secretary of State. Almost his first words as
chief executive of this state were a solemn
pledge of his service to the people who had
elected him. "I assume the office of Governor
without other ambition than to serve the people
of. the state." declared the Governor earnestly.
Almost the last words of his first official utter
ance constituted ■ a repetition of that pledge.
"I believe in the sincerity and good sense of
the people." said he. "I believe that they are
Intent In having government which r.-ognizes
no favored interests and which is not conducted
In any part for selfish ends. They will not be.
and they should not be. content with less."
As Governor Hughes uttered them, the words
seemed to form a brief '.—his confession of
faith, made publicly. And nobody who watched
him and heard him doubted that he would carry
them out to the utmost of his strength.
The Inaugural ceremony was held In the As
sembly chamber, and was simple and Impres
1 sive. John B. Whale n. the new Secretary of
{ State, presided. He was very nervous. He had
the necessary directions and the oath of office
written out before him. and he studied these
Intently as he was waiting for the legislators to
gather A hand was playing in one of th* gal
leries, and thiF. with the gay flags, gave a holi
day touch to the picture. Meanwhile, as the
persons assigned to the platform had been try
ing to fret seats, the legislators had been gather-
Ing. and Just before noon the sergeant-at-arms
announced "The Speaker of the Assembly and
the Assembly." They were seated In the "well"
of the chamber. The President pro tern and
the Senate marched in and took seats.
The retiring state officers. Attorney General
Mayer, Secretary O'Brien, . Controller Wilson,
Engineer Van Alstyrie and Treasurer Wal'en
meier and their successors were escorted to the ,
platform Then after a perceptible wait. ex-
Governor Higtfins an.l his staff were announced.
There was ■ hearty outburst of applause as
the former Governor took his seat.
The sergeant-at-arms than announced: "The
Governor-elect, his private secretary and his
•The sergeant-at-arms will escort the Gov
ernor-elect, his secretary and private staff to
the platform." directed Mr. Whalen. and then
ho bit his lir> as he recognised the "break."
A great buist of handclapping sounded as
Governor Hughes, his tall form clad in biack.
contrasting boldly with the brilliant gold lace
ami uniforms of his staff, mounted to the plat
form. He sat directly hi the centre, but only
for a moment, for after a brief prayer by
Bishop Burke Secretary Whalen began to ad
' minister the oath of office. Mr. Hughes rose.
' glanced just once toward where his wife, their
; bod and two daughters and his father sat. In
the front rank of the guests, and then took the ;
oath In a low voice.
Ex-Governor Iliggins. as soon as Governor !
1 Hughes had taken the oath, delivered the fol- !
lowing speech: I
Ladies and Gentlemen: So long as our tnstttu- j
tiona -land the teal of prosperity and adversity, j
bo lons as our civilisation continues to advance,
so lons as liberty. with malice toward none and
iustUe toward all, protects alike the poor from
exploitation and the rich from plunder, it mat
ters little what individuals rise and fall
Men have their years of opportunity, their day
of Popularity, and then pass on, leaving the un- !
completed work to others. Bui principles sur
vive Individuals and are superior to them.
He is a wise and useful public servant who. j
disregarding his own future, sees and averts on ;
the one band the dangeis arising from a relent
less despotism of wealth, and on the other hand
the threatened excesses of an irrational and
tyrannical class hatred which would lay waste
and confiscate If it dared.
Temporary success cannot satisfy the con
science of one who to retain office would jeop
ardize civilization and liberty, either through
the corrosive power of corrupt wealth or by
hypocritical appeals to the passions and preju
dices of the ignorant or thoughtless. No public
officer can serve two masters. He who regards
party or faction or business interests or personal
ambition first and his own oath of office last is a
traitor to civilization itself.
Macaulay prophesied fifty years ago that the
9 - 25 a. m. and 9:25 p. m. Unexcelled service via
Pens. & Atlantic Coast Line R. K. Florida In
formation Bureau. Broadway, cor. 30th -Advt.
day was not far distant when in the State ■■'
New York a demagogue, ranting about the
tyranny of capitalists, would foe preferred to th«
law abiding and self respecting statesman. Bui
common sense still holds sway: nor will clamor
prevail so long as those to whom men look In
leadership are true to democratic institutions
I and democracy Is true to itself.
Upon the shoulders of the Chief Executive ot
| this state must rest heavy burdens, imposed bs
constitutions and customs. To execute the laws,
to recommend wise measures of legislation, t~
exercise the appointing power with judgment and
discernment, to defend the liberties and enforce
the rights of eight million — these ar»
duties which try the mental, moral and physlca
strength to the utmost. ..*..-
To this high office the people of the state, re
posing well deserved confidence In your Inde
pendence, patriotism, ability and integrity, have
called you. I welcome you and wish you god
Governor Hughes first made a brief reply IS
Governor Higglns's remarks. Then, taking up
his Inaugural address. Governor Hughes spek*
to the people In the body of the house, tsllins
them simply and directly his views of official
conduct and his Intentions as Chief EseetrtiTe.
He saM :
Governor Hiargins: You retire from office after
a long and distinguished career of public ser
; vice. Before you became Chief Executive you
had served eight years in the Senate and t-wo
years as Lieutenant Governor. You brought tc
the office of Governor a. rare equipment of ex
Your administration has been identified with
Important reform*, and large undertakings ol
the greatest concern to the future of the state
have been inaugurated. Your service hi con
nection with matters of «ueh conspicuous «'l
vantage to the public will not be forgotten.
But to the faithful publlo officer the beat re
ward of fidelity Is the approval of his own con
science, won by disinterested devotion In mat
ters large and small to the interests of th?
public. In your retirement to private life you
may be assured of the general appreciation of
the Stainless integrity of your character and of
the honorable motives which have governed
your conduct.
Fellow Citizens: I assume the office of Got.
truer without other ambition than to serve th*
people of the state. I have not coveted Its
powers, nor do I permit myself to shrink from
It* responsibilities. Sensible of its magnitude
and of my own limitations, I undertake the
task of administration without illusion.
But you do not require the impossible. You
have bound me to earnest and honest endeavor
in the interest of all the people according to
the best of my ability, and that obligation, with
the help of God. I shall discharge.
We have reason to congratulate ourselves
that coincident with our prosperity there is an
emphatic assertion of popular rtghU and a keen
resentment of public wrongs. There is no pana
cea in executive or legislative action for all th.>
ills of society which spring from the frailties
and defects of the human nature of its mem
bers. But this furnishes no excuse for com
placent Inactivity and no reason for the tolera
tion of wrongs made possible by defective or
inadequate legislation or by administrative jar
tiality or inefficiency.
It is sometimes said that we have laws enough
and that the need is not of more law. but of
better enforcement of the law. There is abun
dant occasion for caution against hasty legisla
tion. "-'■'•'. ■-
Whether or not we have laws enough, we cer
tainly have enough of 111-considered legislation
■ and the c;u<f-tion Is not as to the" quantity but as
to the quality of our present and of our proposed
enactments. ; .,
The proper confines of legislative action are not
to be determined by generalities. Slowly, hut.
surely, the people have narrowed the opportuni
ties for selfish aggression, and the demand oj
this hoar. kiul of all hours, is not allegiance to
phrases. boi sympathy with every aspiration fir
the betterment of conditions and a sincere art«J
patient efoit to understand every n^-?(? and i
nsc^rtain. in the light Of experience, the mean*
!,,,;[ adapted tn meet It. Each measure propos° !
must ultimately be tested by critical analysis vi
the i articular problem — the precise mischief al
leged and th»- adequacy of the proffered remedy.
His the capacity for such close examination,
without heat or "dl.- qualifying prejudice. whic^
distinguish** the constructive effort from vain
endeavors ro change human nature by changing
th*> form of government. -
I: must freely be recognized that many of th*
evil* of which \vt- complain have their, source In
the lav. itstlf. Ik privileges carelessly granted, in
opportunities for private aggrandizement at th«
expense of tit- people recklessly created, in fail
ure to safeguard our public interest* by provid
ing means for just regulation of those enter-
X^rtses which depend upon the use of public fran
chises. Wherever the law gives unjust advan
tage, wherever it fails by suitable prohibition or
regulation to protect the interests of the people
wherever the power derived from the state ; is ;
turned against the state, there is not only room,
but urgent necessity, for the assertion of the »u
ihorlt> of the state to enforce the common rigfct
The growth of our population . and the neees
nary increase In our charitable and aorrerttoaa
work. the great enterprise* under eavta eomtrM-

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