NEW ZEALANDERS DIGGING FOR KAURI GUM AMONG THE ROOTS OF A TREE.
Sometimes pieces weighing 100 pounds are found.
BIiOXX RIVER PARKWAY.
Proposed Improvement of Region
Along the Suburban Stream.
A movement to beautify the Bronx' River
region, to make a parkway of Its shores, •
lishing a pleasure ground containing fon t,
yalley, meadowland and water, reaching from
i<> heart of the city's most rapidly growing
yroagh out into the sylvan regions of West
thester County, and. most important of all, as
,! concerns the health of a large eomn inlty, ii r >
purify tli^ river of th<- pollution whirli Is rapl lly
converting it into an open sewer, has recently
received great Impetus. Tin- commission whl h
was appointed by Governor Higgins to si ■■'.
the advisability of such a parkwaj p
ported that its establishment is Imperatively
A SHIP IN AN EXTRAORDINARY PLIGHT
*** P'm*'^ * te *J? lfch 'P Carrington ran aground the other day on the treacherous rock»
of Ushant, off the French coast, but. strange to say. was little damaged by the *hock-
The. bow was tilted high in air while the stern kept afloat, and the big vessel actually
played see-saw wjth the rise and fall of every tide. It was the wonder of all who
witnessed it, that she did not break her back. When our artist left the scene effort.
*rere mak.ng to pull her off, if poss.ble- _ ilUlltlrul< . d Unilllll N#Wl .
NEW-YORK DAILY TKIBILNK SUJNTJDAY, JANUARY 13, 1907
necessary. It urRBS that lmmo<li:ite action bo
takon or tho opportunity will be lost.
Two reasons are < mphasized by the commis
sion for making this Improvement. First. It
will greatly aid the business and rastdenca de
velo] tnent of thr> central i>:irt ot the Fiornugh of
The Bronx, and. •econd, it will safrpruard the
hea :' of th< ever Increasing population of the
The rrsorv;itii>n that Is proposed comp
rises a strip of land, raryias in width from
200 to 1,060 feet, approximately fifteen miles in
length, with a total area about equal to that of
Van «':;!: nit Park, and including about 125
acres •• hin the city's limits and about 900
acr< in W< ' tester County. It woold stn teh
from Bronx I I.;',I I .;', to Lake Kenaico and cost, ac
: .- to the estimate of tho eommisstoa,
Thi nn-mkcra of the Bronx Valley Parkway
1 . it la called, were appointed by
Goverm r biggins, in accordance with an act
THE GIGANTIC KAURI PINE OF MEW ZEALAND.
Tkim tree gram to ■ baight of 200 feat and a diameter «f 15 fee*. The knots on the trunk
contain kauri gum.
Of (be lUqrMarxrr* of XML They are Madison
Qrmst. <£xairrrum: Junes Q. Oinnnn and Dare
XL Mania. William W. Nile* was mada aeere
tasry and J. Warren Thayer engineer.
Rifting tn laXb Kenslco, which Is a city reser-
Mil. the Bronx Rlrw Bows almost parallel to
tha Hudson and about halfway between Che
Htidxui River and Long Island Sound, past
White Plains, Scarsdale. Tuckahoe. Bronrvllle
and Mount Vernon, across the city boundary
and an one side of Woodlawn Cemetery to
Bronx Park. Within the boundaries of that
pleasure ground It winds through the Botanical
and Zoological gardens. emerging at West
Farms and emptying Into Long Island Sound
between Hunt's Point and Clason Point. In the
stretch between West *\ltttl3 and the Sound the
river has already been seized upon by business
Interests, so that the commission has taken no
steps to interfere with the plan urged by Bronx
business men to obtain government aid to make
the tidal outlet of the rtvw nmvtgable by dry
ing, widening and banking its channel.
The fata at the lower part of the river, ax*
the commission, should be a warning. L'nieaj
speedy action la taken to save the rest of tl*
■tream, ft, too, will be lost for recreative pur.
poses. Even at the present Mm«» it has beccia,
a menace to health.
"With insufficient current to carry off tha
sewage and refuse discharged into It," says th»
report of this body, "the stream Is rapidly be
coming an open sewer. The low, wet rneadov
and marsh lands (In the vicinity of BronxviQe,
Mount Vernon and below to Bronx Park), which
at times are overflowed, are not suited for habi
tation, within the city limits, and in some of the
towns above there are Increasingly unsanitary
conditions. These already constitute an Intol
erable nuisance and a serious menace to public
health, apparently being neglected until some
disastrous epidemic shall bring it forcibly ta
The present polluted stream, flowing
Continued on eighth pace.
New Zeal tinders Dig for Kauri
Gum in the Ground.
Many New Zealanders find it profitable to dig
for hidden treasure. That for which th- . dig,
however, is not gold or Captain KM i's 111 gottea
wealth, though it ha 3 a Cull yellow color, it is
kauri gum, a resinous substance which hi the
product of the kauri pine tree. The gum can he
secured from the trunks of trees while they are
alive, for it protrudes in lumps, but it Is espe
cially profitable to dig for it In the soil about
the .'tumps remaining after the trees have been
cut down. Sometimes chunks weighing as much
as one hundred pounds are taken up from the
Digging for kauri gum is profitable, for the
ram Is used to the manufacture of varnish, and
apparently It Is one of those products of nature
whose place cannot be filled by anything else
which has yet been discovered. In fact, (ha
price has gone uy 25 per cent wtOiln the hist
year because of Che great tncreace hi dM de
mand. It has been focrod that tt can be used
to certain enamel r^+rt* L and fM» has had the
effect of bringing tae demand op to a point
above the supply.
The kauri pine is a magnlflcent tree. It rtsea .
as straight as a ored>e to a height of from 150
to 200 feet and attains at times a diameter of
15 feet. It Is noted fox its dark, dense foßaga
and Is much used far masts tor vessels con
structed for the British navy.
English, French Etchings
OF IXTH CKNTtUV.
MEZZOTINTS. PHOTOS AJTD CAKBOX3
OF AJLZ. KCKOI'RAN" OALtEKIEi
2 West 2&h St GEORGE BUSSL
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