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A CBY FOB BESCUB.
Salton Sink Farmer* Fear They jf'tZZ Be Binned. r.- B. P. How. CaU a - 12.— There is in human P. scarcely a stranger story than that of k oeEace by the Colorado River to the homes '-*' twelve thousand persons who Inhabit *i Derfal and Coachella valleys. in Southern Cal- L 'llving low the level of the sea - - rio «sly cff n as th? Col ado Desert or the Sal ton ci-ik. and subdivided Into the two valleys ",-sed. this wondrously fertile region, newly plated, constitute? a basin from which there I no outlet for water except by evaporation. Into this former desert in the last five years ' lye thousand persons have moved, using the ter of the Colorado River for irrigating the 535,3. and so rapidly has the country been de eloped from the former total waste that its Annual shipments of fruit, vegetables, grain. cattle and hogs already exceed $2,01)0.000. Many °* these pioneers, men, women and children, had pat their household ' effects on wagons in Missouri. Oklahoma and other states, and. enduring the hardships of a drive of hun dreds of miles, made their way hither. On hat was five years ago a most forbidding desert they staked their tents and began a ' rru g?l«- th at t; -* le ft on many a face the evi dences of privation and hardship. But they won their way step by step. They forced from dour surroundings the tokens of man's conquest, and probably never before in human history did agriculture so change a land In so short i time. But this Is a land subject to change. It is a caturil hothouse, here ihe mercury often reaches 100 degrees in March and November sol 130 in June, July and August— a dry heat la which men ;<.nd ar.imals thrive nd In which Tesrtation grews marvellously where water is abundant. On this land alfalfa produces eight or nine crops a y.-ar, each from one to two tons to the acre. It \s l land which is capable of snppcrtiEs: a, r.n"iiy on each ton acres, and on the tanas and ;r. thf> towns this half million acres ■' Irrifable Tar.d could easily support a half million persons. ACs were i-.re-Fr^rin^ -with • ese people cr.til two years ago. whfn the water company on which Imjr-rial Valley depended neglected its Ictake an the entire Colo: ado River broke through that valley into the SaJton Sink. Then the 9atton Sea was formed, and for two years. barring slight interruptions. It has risen inch by fcch. and will inevitably result in filling the Biak if the river is not brought under control. Practically no fanning land has yet been in endated by the Pal: on Sea, nor will any con siderable quantity be covered with water for a series of years. The danger is not of loss of life nor of Immediate ruction of property, but that the river will soon get in condition v-).' re it will not be within human power to control it. After struggling against the river for a year the people of the valley found a natural ally In the Southern Pacific Railway Company, whoso main line crosses the basin and is in danger at Inundation. At great expense a dam was built, and last November the river was turned back to its old channel, and it continued to flow to the Gulf of California, as formerly, until early in Daflemfaat; when it washed out the new earth of the dan or levee and again broke, into th* Pink Now it Is apparent that 12^00,000 win be necessary to construct works wtxlch will hot' MARGIN OF THE SALTON SEA, SHOWING WATER GRADUALLY RISING UPON THE LAND. Of rom Uta 190? i •<-' ikul of tint Caxn^c^* Institution. iV ajOHAeton. D. C_» XEW-YOBK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY. JANUABY 13, 1907. THE DAM, CONSTRUCTED AT GREAT EXPENSE, THAT FAILED TO STOP THE FLOW OF THE COLORADO RIVER INTO THE SALTON SINK. (Copyright. 1908. tar tlje Jud£» Company, New YorkJ after control the stream. For the first time an appeal has been made to the federal govern ment for aid. The national government has made appropriations for the protection of agri- PROFESSOR GIUSEPPE PETACCL The eminent medical man who has been ap pointed to succeed the late Dr. Lapponi as private physician to the Pope. — I!itutratrd I-ondon N>«m. cultural lands and cities from temporary over flow. Here Is a caw, the people feel, where an appropriation— an Immediate appropriation — Is needed to prevent a permanent inundation. As the farmers see the waters rising, rising. slowly but steadny, by day and by nlsht, they feel that unless the national government comes to their reJltf soon these twelve thousand people most, within a year or two, sadiy march out from what has to them been a land of promise, Laving their farms and their homes, built by heroic stru.wle and privation, and the prrsrnt millions of vaiu<- and the potential tens of mill ions of value will be lost to the American people perhaps f. >r ever. Appeals have bf-en mad." to the President, to Senators and to Representatives to assisi i work. President Roosevelt and many m uf both hou.ses have shown prcat interest, but still there are many who are tndiffen nt. the ap rropriatJon Is as yet uncertain, and t-he farmers of the Sink are nearly in d> spalr. CHURCH FESTIVALS. Some Peculiar Ventures of Observ ances in Cuba. txj r. it. mmm. It la rot necessary for an American to go far from home to see the festivals of the Unman Catholic Church observed with all the ilisplay thai surrounds then; in southern Europe When St. JriTnos's day appeared !n the Church cal endar last July th« Uttle town f Santiago de :as Vegas, in Cuba, prepared i a three lays' celebration. From early dawn, at close Intervals, the three bells In the tower of the old stone Spanish church were clang rid rapidly, not as American church bells are rune, with a slow, steady swing of the clapper tram Bide to aide, but with the rapid, constant striking of a fire alarm In * Western town. a Bound which to an American ear convey* a vague feeling at alarm rather than religious zeal. Long: before the time for service a small party of Americans were seeking places on the already well filled benches In the nave of the church, where Negro and white worshippers sat side by side, for there la no perceptible "color line" drawn anywhere in Cuba. Many of the better cla.Fs came, followed by servants ring chairs, until there seemed little available spaco left. The constant coming and going of people and the popping of firecrackers in the very en trance at the church Imparted .-i percrptiblo feeling of excitement and expectancy to the large audience. Finally the carriage bringing the priests ar rived, and as they enten-d the three church bells rang madly, whole packs of firecrackers were exploded, a big brass band in the gallery suddenly roared and crashed, while a chorus of voices broke forth into song, and the entire audience, aroused by this sudden trem-ndous clamor, rose to their feet, and when the noise subsided sank on th. knees as a priest ap peared before the altar. All day long the ser vice continued, some one of the three priests being constantly engaged in conducting it. while the people came and went as they could. Toward G o'clock came the culmination of the service, a procession through the narrow streets of the town. Led by priests and acolytes, out from the church d(K>r came a throng «.f candle bearing men, women and children which filled the narrow street from Bide to side Bright colors, twinkling lights and happy faces were everywhere, civing an air of cheerful festivity to th« scene* At Intervals In the procession, high above the heads of the people, borne upon platforms carried on the shoulders of six stal wart Negroes, were seen the figures of th« rita First came St. James, whose bright blue vel vet mantle was carefully spread out on the flanks of the white wooden horse upon which lie rode. One hand carried a shirt sword, while the other was raised In benediction. Further down the line came a wax figure of the Virgin standing under a canopy elaborately trimmed with paper roses. As the Negroes moved in uni son, with a sort of sliding right and left mo tion, the long curls of the Virgin swung slowly first to one side and then to the other, while the two saints appeared to us to be executing a sort of slow and solemn Cakewalk through the crowd. Uut my MTU was sudd'-nly touched, and I turned to find a pale faced woman in whose dark eyes were swimming in tears, as she held f*r out a tir.y child as If to receive a Meaning from the Virgin as the statue p i. Then for the first time we realised there wore Contlunrd on eighth pi^-r. ALLHAiRON FACE AND ARMS pormanentljr remove J; no electricity, poison, rain; 11 years' experiem «. Protected I hy law. lieware of person who copies my ad. Trial treatment at offir»>. ;i MMX. .UMAX, 153 .'.Hi Aw. until St.). THE HELBURN BINDERY, 106-108 SIXTH AVK.. NEW YOKE. Fine library lilndlng. Special attention given to Art. Architectural. Metllcni and I.aw Books and l'rrlo.Hi-als. Bp«cl«.l Flexible llimlliiß for Mu.iic. 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