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Amusements. ACADEMT OF MUSIC— B:IS— Th» Girl of the Golden TTt«t. ALHAJtBRA— <— B— AdTOß— n:s»i>— The Straight Road. 3BLA6OO— S:i:— The Rose of the Rancho. BROADWAY -Vlo-The l'arlslan Model. CASlNO— fc:ls— Princess lief tar. «.OIX).N'IALr— 3 8 — Vaudeville. CRITERION— Truth. DALV'S- The Belle of Mayfair. EDK.V MUSEE— Th« World In Wax. EW'lftß-»-l Pun. QARDE2<— The fctudent King. GARRICK— Caught In the Rain. HACKETT— B:3o— The ChTus Lacy. HAMMERPTEIN I."*1 ."* VlCTOßlA— 2— Vaudeville. HERALD SQUARE— 2— B:I6— The Road to Yesterday. M'PPODROUE — — Neptune's Daughter and Pioneer Day*. HVT" ON— C:lB— Hypocrite*. IRVING PLACE — Dor Blind* Pcsaaglar. KNICKERBOCKER— The Red Mill. LlßEßTY— f:ir>— Girl Who Hae EveiTrthlne LYCEUM— The Lion and the Mouse. LYRIC— The New lork Idta. NADIeON EKJt'AKß— *:l.*. — The Three of Vi. MADISON S'jTWRE GARDEN— IO a. m. to II p. m. — Automobile Show. MAJESTIC— 2—6:I.%— Brown cf Harvard. MANHATTAN— S:I. »—L«B» Miserable*. MENDELSSOHN HALIr-«:l.V KEW AMSTERDAM— Breweter'n Million*. NETS' TORK— B:IR— The Vanderbtlt Cup. . PRINCESS— 2:IS— Doll's Houre: 8:20— Great Divide. 6AVOY— — The Mjn of th» H«-ur. TBLHARMONIC HALL— 3. 4:13. 8:30, Electrlo tnuflc. WALLACK'S — The rich Mr. Hosgenhelmer. TTEBBR f &— Dream City and The Magic Kr.lght. Index to Advertisements. Paso. Col. | Pase-Col. Amazements 8 6-6 Foreclcror* 5a1e»....13 6 Auction Sa'.ee Flnar.- I For Pale 1* • c£al 18 6 i Furnished Apartments Auction Bale* » 6 to Let 8 6 Automobiles If) 1-6 Furnished Roo::>a to Banker* * Brokers. .l 2 I 1I 1 Let 1* * Banker* & Broker*.. 6-o' Help Wanted 14 « Beard and Rooms. ..14 4 ; Instruction 13 >' Business Chances... 9 B Lo»t 14 4 Carpet Clearing... 14 4 Marriage* & Deaths.. 7 6 City n-jt-'.s. 8 6 Musical 1* 2 Desks an 3 Offlee Fur- ' Ocean Steamers 9 4-0 niture 14 4 Proposals 8 3 Dividend Notices 13 1 T.iit'ro«<ls 9 F> Berneiale Situations ! Real Estate 8 6 Wanted 14 ©-" School Amende* 18 6 I>ryß<xv!« 9 6-7 ! Special Notice* 7 C Employment Agen- ' Steamobat* 9 P clem 14 4 Furrcjrttte's Notices.. .l 3£> Kxeur»!pn« 14 S Tribune Subscription* Financial 13 4-6 Rates 7 0 Finan-ial Flections.. l 3 4 Winter Resorts 14 3 Financial Meetings.. 6 Work Wanted 14 6-6 sVetti^Otrrk Daila Crilmitft TUESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1907. TEE XEWS TEIS MORXIXG. CONGRESS.— Senate: Th* President Bent in a meßsage on the Brownsville affair, in which he stands by his action in dismissing tha Negrro troops from the army, but revokes that part of the order which bars the discharged men from civil employment under the government; the 1/egislative Appropriation bill was passed. ; " House: A bill to prohibit unnecessary whistling by vessels in harbors was passed, and the Forti fications Appropriation bill was considered. FOREIGN. — The Russian provisional budget shows a deficit of over $120,000,000, for which a new loan must be raised; the St. Petersburg newspapers bitterly attack the financial depart ment of the government. • ■ ~ The meeting of the French bishops will be held to-day; it is considered probable that a' central fund will be established in all dioceses for the support of the Church. = A complete agreement has not been reached by the German and American com missioners in regard to tariff schedules, and meetings will continue at Berlin, r A storm of protest has been caused In Paris by a pro posal to cut from the budget the subventions to theatres; the motion was lost. Contracts have been awarded for four new French turbine battleships, each of over 18,000 tons, with heavy gruns and armor and wide steaming radius. . The German steamer Lucia Woermann waa ■vi recked near Lome; passengers and mails were saved. . The customary New Year's recep tion was held at Tsarskoe Seio; especial cord iality was shown by the Emperor t<> the mem bers of the American Embassy. DOMESTIC— J. J. Hill, in a letter to Governor Johnson of Minnesota, reviewed the railroad traffic problem, and estimated that It would cost the roais $Z. 500.000,000 in five years to provide proper facilities. — — The grand Jury sitting at Findlay, Ohio, brought 53U separate indictment* against the Standard Oil Company, its subsid iary companies, arid its officials. :■ Governor Hughes at Albany appointed ex-Senator Fred erick C. Stevens Superintendent of Public Works, and William Leary State Superintendent of the Metropolitan Election District; other ap pointments were announced. ClTY.— Stocks were depressed at the close. ' The quick act of a visitor in the cab of an engine running away with a dead driver averte-1 an accident on the Harlam Division. ===== Two navy yard employes were arrested on bribery charges. .- Justice Leventritt vacated tha order of Justice Hendrlck, which gave the At torney Genera' i ustody of the ballots cast at th** la?t Mayor;* ii. •■:-ction. ■ ■■■ - The inspectors cf election of the New York Life heard arguments for and against throwing out certain bailor?. = Max K. Schmidt said the plans for im provements at the Brooklyn Bridge would result In further congestion. ■ The trial of several Steamship companies, for alleged violation of th-3 Sherman law was begun. : Mrs. Guy C. Van Alsty.ie won ber divorce suit and receive 1 the custody of her child. ■ There were rumors of the prospective acquisition of several banks by the F. A. Heinze interests. • On a motion made in the suit for slander brought by Mrs. Ella Rawls Reader aeainst J. B. Hapgin, her rounsel told of her saving a "spy" fm:n lynchers. = The tax list for 10<>7 wps issued, showing an increased valuation of $40.1.4)00,000; non-resid'-ntß wore on the roll for the first time; the Russell Sage estate was assessed at (50.000.~- O<io The Merchants' Association called on the State Commissioner of Health to protect the city's Jce from sewage pollution. THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day: Partly cloudy. The temperature yesterday: Highest, 41 degrr-es; lowest, 87. GOLD PRODUCTION AND BUSINESS. One factor in the expansion of business and the stimulation of prices which has been more or less overlooked Is the rapid increase in tho world's gold production. In 1900, according to the estimate of the Director of the Mint, the United States alone added almost $100,000,000 to the world's stock of gold, and the output last year of all countries probably amounted to nearly $400,000,000. These figures tell their own f-tory — story of an enormous replenishment of our 6upply of primary money. Twenty or twenty-five years ngo economists were express ing alarm at the ehortenlng of money stocks, and agitation for a retirn to the double standard derived Borne plausibility from the fact that the output of tbe world's gold fields was actually declining. Gold production shrank from $134. 000.000 in 3SGO to $97,000,000 la 1575, and after r. slight recovery fell in ISS3 as low as 593.000, 000. Between ISS3 and 1891—the height of the bimetallic crusade — it slowly climbed again to $130,000,000. But In recent years the world has passed the $300,000,000 point in production, and the. $400,000,000 mark has BOW been closely ap proached. Since 1900 nearly $2,000,000,000 has been added to the volume of money of ultimate redemption an increase which would have seemed Incredible twenty years ago. It pleases tb-j silver agitators of IS9G to say that nature, by exposing new sources of gold supply and enlarging our monetary stocks, only accomplished fortuitously what they meant to accomplleh by legislation rehabilitating ellver us a money metal. Hindsight is easier than foresight, and Mr. Bryan and his associates, conveniently forgetting their prophecies and their famous argument that wheat and silver were linked together by some mysterious tie, bo that one could never rise or fall in value without enhancing or depressing tho value of the other, cow plume themselves on having planned to do In one way what Providence decreed should bo done in anot»r. The point Is that" their way wan the wrong way end the dangerous way. They wanted to do by fiat and by violences what could better be left to the plow operations of natural law. They would have arbitrarily de fpuged values and robbed the creditor to help he debtor. They would have discriminated be tween classes, wulle nature, knowing no class interests or prejudices, Las acted as a blind god dees of justice, leaving no one with ground for complaint that prices have risen ana the pur "Lacing power of money has been forced (Sown. liecausc the process has been gradual., automatic and. Impersonal. ''*jv There are tb>«so who are seriously disturbed at tfet steady &ugiacut&UaiL>^ our gold m^lf and the steady climb In values which has nccotn panled it. These observers hold that prosperity has encouraged overspeeulation and the expan sion of credit beyond the danger line. They would like to &co the upward movement In values checked and would welcome a curtailing of risks and debt. There is not a little" to be said on that side, but so long as we dig rela tively larger and larger supplies of gold out of the earth and Increase our holdings of bars and coin the present processes of readjustment must continue. Values of other things than gold will probably go on rising, and we shall find the in dustrial and business world pretty 6teadlly in that state of activity, confidence and cheerful ness which are the earmarks of what we call prosperity. SAY IX O OX TEE BARGE CAXALS. The report of Colonel Thomas W. Bymons, of the engineer corps of tLe army, consulting engineer In the improvement of tho New York State canals, shows the skill and economy with which the public funds are being admin istered in that work. The estimated total cost of the canal Improvement, $101,000,000, waa based on engineers' estimates made in 10OI), but, so far as contracts have actually been let, thera has been a saving of between IS anl 10 per cent on the estimates. Colonel Symons's report 6hows the contracts thnt have been let upon about lifty-flve of the. 440 miles of the work, which includes the Krle, the Oswep:o and the Champlaln canals. On the sections let and described In Colonel Symons's report the esti mated cost preceding the appropriation was $17,533,410. The engineers reduced these esti mates just before the contract letting to $16, 493.398. and the actual contracts signed make the cost $14,779,309. The ordinal estimate on these fifty-five miles under contract exceeds the contract price by ?2/rr>tf,lol and the final estimate exceeds It by $1*714,059. Of the eigh teen sections under contract In only two haa the contract price exceeded the original esti mate. The advisory canal board has drawn up con tracts for bidders on about 209 miles of tho total 440 miles. Tho board has a prudent plan to keep the cosi of building the canal within the original estimates. Its engineers make a careful estimate of the cost of each item of work within the contract. No bid is accepted in which the price of any item exceeds the price of that item in the engineers' estimates by more than 20 per cent, and no bid Is ac cepted In which the total price exceeds the total estimated cost by more than 10 per cent. A fruitful cause of extravagance in the past allowances to contractors for excavating more difficult material than the contract called for— has been eliminated. There is no fear of exfra claims for removing unexpected rock or "hard pan." A unit price Is fixed for all the material to be excavated within each contract section. The contractor knows the result of the borings, and he takes his chances whether he will en counter easier or more difficult matter to ex cavate thnu he looked for. The system devised promises to Insure eco nomic construction of tha barge canals, and the contracts thus far let plainly Indicate that the total cost will be well within the total esti mate, an unusual experience in great public enterprises. The work thus far accomplished. In starting and organizing the canal improve ment reflects distinct credit on the Republican stnto administration. ' TEE PROGRESS OF THE MOTOR CAR. The present automobile exhibition does not mark an epoch in the history of that interest ing "modem improvement" It does not ma terially differ from former shows, except in being larger and finer. Bnt in spite of-perhaps because of— tJbat very fact it will suggest to many observers some reflection upon the prog ress* v.-hlch has been made hi the motor car industry and upon the very important place which "those vehicles, for both business and pleasure* hare come to fill In the economy of dally life. Our British brethren have Just been celebrating with a great exhibition the tenth anniversary of motoring hi that country. But Great Britain was conservative in that as well as in other things. France and America both took up the horseless vehicle with earnestness and with enthusiasm at a <lat« considerably more than ten years ago. In the summer of 1594 there was a great road race in France, with more than one hundred entries, and In the fall of 1W) there was a vigorously contested road race or trial In this country. In fact, there was a road trial In England in ISOS, too, though the real beginning of automobiilng is considered to have occurred a year later. It should not be forgotten, however, that the automobile is far older than these citations in dicate. It long antedates the railroad. It was suggested by Sir Isaac Newton in IG*>, nnd In 1770 one was built and practically used with much success by Colonel Cugnot, of the French army. Ougnot's ai'tomoblle, still In existence, in a museum, bears about the same relation to one of to-day as Franklin's old printing press, preserved in Boston, bears to the mighty engines on which the modern newspaper is printed. In the first half of the last century the motor car, for pleasure, for travel and for the. eon reyanoe of merchandise, became a reality anl a considerable factor in the work of transporta tion in England, dozen* of tho machines being in regular and profitable use, including motor omnibus lines running on regular schedules on fixed routes. But what was for a time a prom ising and indeed a flourishing industry was wholly ruined, partly by the preference for rail roads on fixed tracks and partly by the organ ised opposition and enmity of mn!cers of and dealers in carriages nnd the breeders and sell ers of horses, who feared their occupations would be destroyed by the success of the motor car. This latter fact suggests a curious contrast between the. former and these later automo biling days. Eighty years ago the motor car was feared and opposed by the horse and car riage interests, although its promoters insisted that it would not injure them. In our day the early promoters of the motor car boasted thnt the horse and horse carriages would soon be driven out of use altogether, and the Imme diate future was anticipated as the "horse le-ps age," yot scarcely anybody interested In h<->rsfH? or horse carriages showed or, we fancy, felt any fear. Nor, as we can now 6ee, was there auy ground for fear. The motor vehicle has taken the place of the horse and hor?o ve hicle to a large extent, and yet the latter aro being used more than bef' re, and probably not even the most enthusia^c motorist imagines that we. shall ever pee anything like a "horse less age." Interesting and valuable as the motor vehicle is, and preferable as It Is for many purposes to the horse and horse vehicle, tbo horse still remJM the most interesting and valuable of animals, and for many purposes is und Is likely to reuiaiu indispensable. There is a strong reminder, too, of the vanity of tho coutra-predlctlons of n few years ago, that the uutomobilv' would In time either bo prohibited as n nuisance or would run its course nnd be abandoned like other fads. There can now be no doubt that, ns judicious observers saw at the outset, the automobile has "come to May." It Is not yet perfected, and the condi tions of Its .use on tLc coujnu-n roads are not yet adequately prescribed. But that a device? of 6© great efficiency for either the giving of pleasure or the doing of work will bi volun tarily discarded, or that no way cun be found for satisfactorily harmonizing its use with other occupation of the public roads, is unthinkable, while, with due regard for tho inventive in genuity of the twentieth century and stroni? confidence la Uio coDtlnue4. i progTess ol U* arts, NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. TUESDAY. JANUARY 15, 1907. we are not prepared to expect In our time the appearance of any new device capab]^ of sup planting It. ADVAXCES IX ELECTRIO LIGHTIXQ. It has long boon known that for the degree of illumination which it affords the incandes cent lamp consumes more current than any other device for lighting with electricity. Many attempts hare been made to remedy the fault without abandoning the principle of Incandes cence. In some of these ventures an entirely different substance has been employed in the filament. With magnesia and the rare metals, tantalum, osmium and tungsten, a fair degree of success has been attained, though In one case tho original simplicity of the mechanism has been sacrlllced,' and in the others the ma terial of which the thread 19 composed is more costly than tho one for which it is substituted. Experiments have also been made with tha object of petting more light, if possible, out of carbon itself. By depositing a cout of graphite on tho filament a trifling gain in this respect has already been effected and other incidental advantages have been secured. The resiilts thus attained, however, are apparently not comparable with those which Professor ller schel O. Parker, of Columbia University, and Mr. Walter G. Clark say they have secured. By coating a filament with something which thoy call "heliou"'— a compound the nature of which has not been fully divulged— these electricians report thnt they are able to ob tain as much light as the old incandescent lamp gives with only about one-fourth as much current, and that the durability of the filament, on which the term of it 3 usefulness depends, is sensibly increased. If the expectations which have been excited In the Columbia laboratory are borne out In coniDjurclal practice, a notable advance in elec tric lighting will be witnessed. Whether the color of the "heliou" light, which Is said to be a pure white, will be as well liked as tho orange tint of the present lamp remains to bo seen. As yet It Is Impossible to tell much about the cost of the new device. Though it has been intimated that the materials of which "helion" Is composed are abundant and Inexpensive, the processes of manufacturing it and applying it to the filament must be considered. There are other questions to be determined also by tho test of use on an important scale, but, on the whole, the public seems to be justified In await ing further Information with a good deal of Intere.st THE MISERY OF CHINA. The interest fait in this country In the Sulton Sea and the efforts at redemption of the sub merged land inny, perhaps, serve M a stand ard with which to measure the Interest which should be felt In tho floods In China and the relief of tho distress which they have caused. Big as It Is, the Salton Sea is a mere puddle by the side of the tens of thousands of squnro miles of submerged territory along the Grand Canal, and, while the unnillnoss of the Colo rado Itlver has caused much loss to mnny peo ple and is a sufficiently serious matter to warrant .'in urgent Presidential message and action by CongreN, tho Chinese floods h&T6 brought famine upon millions and imminent menace of death to tens of thousands, a Pt.ito of affairs warranting tho humane IntoxventJou of the world. There Is, indeed, a Fpeclflc reason why tho whole commercial world, and tho United States no less than any other nation, should lnterveno with euccor for tha gtricken millions of China. That is, that the world has po Ion? regarded and treated China as a Held f<>r profitable ex ploitation, nnd lms, in fact, derived enormous gains therefrom. The very name of Cathay lias for generations been mggaiUf of rlrlres, which every venturer thither might secure. If only a fractional percentago of the fortunes which have been taken out of China wero now given for charity, the flood •Jtid famine sufferers would be saved and all tboir Josses might bo recouped. There Is a certain mornl obligation resting upon tha world to cara In its need for the country which it has so often domineered in its prosperity. The work of Cldneso relief In this country is in the hands of tho American Red Cross, a fact which irive.s tho strongest assurance thnt it will be dono with economy, discretion and integrity. Free transportation is to be glren to supplies from San Francisco to Shanghai by the Pacific Mall Steamship' Company, und other arrangements ara such tMt rontrlbutors to th© relief fund have the satisfaction of knowing that every cent they glvo will go to feed the starring. Out of the overflowing prosperity in which America exults a stream of rellejf should speedily proceed. OLD AGE PBNBiONB. Tho lfeCamber Service Pension bill, co called, which passed tho Senate on Friday, might be uioro accurately described aH an age pension bill for veterans. Twenty yean ago such a meas ure would have been vigorously opposed, but to day It receives unanimous support In the up per ho\ise of Congress, and no sharp hostil ity is likely to bo manifested in any part of the country. The explanation is simple. We have, reached a point of time when all the survivors of the Mexican War and nearly all the survivors of the Civil War have passed the limit of disputable disability. We have already established by executive order and legislation a system of age pensions, and tho McCumber bill extends that system only a little further. Under President Roosevelt's executive order of March 15, 1004, tho pension examiners were di rected "to consider as an evidential fact, If the "contrary does not appear, that when a claim "nnt has passed the age of sixty-two years he "is disabled one-half In ability to perform man "ual labor nnd is entitled to be rated nt ?fl per •'month." It was further provided that after Blxty-five the rate should be $8 a month, after sixty -eight 510 a month and after seventy $12 a month — full rate for disability proved by medical examination. The Pension Appropria tion act of April 24, 1006. directed that the re table presumption established by the Presi dent's order t>e accepted as final and absolute. Mr. McCumber's measure goes further In admitting complete disability to perform man ual labor at Blxty-two and abolishing all grnd inps between sixty-two and seventy. A veteran pensioned on an re* claim under the present law would receive a little less than $8 a month for the eight year period between sixty-two and seventy. Under the proposed net he would re ceive the flat $12 rate. After seventy and up to seventy-five he would receive $1"> Instead of $12, and after sevenry-flve $20 instead of $12. It Is impossible to guess how much this change of rates would cost the government. One esti mate Is $15,000,000 a year. But 'this seems ex cessive, for it Is difficult to say how many of the possible beneficiaries under the new law would take advantage of Its provisions. When President Roosevelt's order was Issued in 1904 somo heated imaginations figured Its certain cost at $10,000,000 to $20,000,000. An a matter of fact the order en used no perceptible Increase In pension expenditures. The veterans now on the roll who will be enabled to draw increased compensation under it cannot survive on the average more than ii few years, and it may be argued thnt the government can well afford this small additional recompense to its defenders in their advancing years. It must be remembered, too, that the cost of living hag materially in creased nnd that $12 goeg little further to-day than $8 did ten years ago. If any additional evidence lias really been wanted to prove that th© Negro soldiers were tka /alders a; Browijuville ft Is furnished la til* i President's message and Secretary Taffs report. The bullets found could have been fired from no other weapons than the United States army Springfield rifles. The empty 6he119 picked up in tho town could not have been dlscharg-ed by another weapon. No one but the XegTo soldiers had these weapons. A number of citizens swore to seeing men leave the fort, enter the town and do the shooting. There is ample testimony that the raiders were in uniform and that their voices Vi-re tho voices of Negroes. We cannot ccc how the evidence could possibly be any more conclusive. Now that the tax books are open, the annual proof that the personal tax Is a farce will begin in earnest. The nnme of John J. Mylod in the list of Con troller Glynn's appointments recalls old times. Ho was Hlll"s tool in producing the false Dutchesa County return in Senate stealing, an act which put the Democratic party out of power in the state. It is a singular circumstance that the first act of one of the first Democratic state officers to be elected since the famous etat» stealing is to place Mylod in office. He forms an insignificant but effective link between the Democracy of to-day and the Democracy of the day of Illil and Maynanl. The Hon. Champ Clark says he is not a can didate for the leadership of tho House minority. But it is understood that ho will not call for police protection if his fellow Democrats de ciilo to thrust that title to greatness on him. With Scranton piaerue-scourged, Pittsburg suffering 1 a typhoid epidemic and various Other places paying the same penalty for water pol lution, it really does not seem to be a good time to push schemes for pouring more undiluted sewnso into the Hudson at both ends. The news received by the Interstate Com merce Commission through Senator llans brough in regard to the lark of fuel and food in North Dakota does not Lear out Mr. Hill's recent optimistic assurances. Where tho lives of thousand" of people aro involved, it Is a pity that there should bo such a rllprr^panoy. THE TALK OF THE DAY. Belgian hares Imported Into the Argentine B.e •mblio have multiplied at an astonishing rate. Somo fifty of these hares were Introduced Into the country, and they have now spread to such an ex tent Re to be found at a distance of tOO miles from the spot where they were first turned out, and have Increased co prodigiously that ten hunters have been known to kill 1,000 In a day. Their ravages •n all sorts of crops are formidable, and come pro prietors have gone to the expense of fencing In ex tensive ranches with wire netting In order to ex clude them. Somo attempt has been made to turn their flesh Into a source of profit by sending them to Europe and other markets In a frozen Btata. Stella— Do you advocate changes in spelling? Bella— Only Miss to Mrs.— Tit Bits. A register of sanitary hairdressing establishments, with a penalty for failure to comply with the regula tlora, Is a plan of the health officers of Budapest. Among tho recommendations of the medical adviser are that regular customers should provide their own toilet requisites; that all shelves and fittings fhould be made of glass; that the uso of puffs should be discarded for a better method of apply ing powder; that a barber or hairdresser should refuse to attend a customer apparently suffering from disease of skin or hair, and that all razors and culiLs should before using be kept five minutes In a 5 per cent solution of sodium carbonate. Clerk— You can't get a room here for that man; ik-'s drunk. Man (supporting a weary friend)— all right. "What of that? Clerk— Is n. temperance hotel. Man— Well, he's too drunk to Unow the difference. —Army and Navy .Life. The greatest deer hunt on record In Canada was that In the wilds of Ontario In the open season in November. From th» latest returns received by. the Grand Trunk railway system, the lines of which tap the best territory in the province for fish and Kama, it appears that the huntora had the fullest measure of success. In tho fifteen days of the open season of 1306 the Canadian Express Com- I any alone transported 8.100 carcasses of deer, hav ing an aggregate weight of 318. £15 pounds, alt of these being shipped from pots * pa the northern and Ottawa divisions of the Grand Trunk. When It Is considered thnt about five, thousand hunters wore operating, In the several districts of tha prov ince In the open season, and that tn* game laws of Ontario allow the killing of only two deer by each hunter, it can be conservatively estimated that no fewer than ten thousand deer wer« killed In the province between November 1 and 15. Cltlman— What's the matter with all you Swamp hum fellows? You don't seem to Ilk* my friend Backlotz. Hubbubs— No, bo's eelflsh. Cltlman— Oh. come now. Hubbubs — That's what ho is. A barn r.oar htm caught fire the other night, and he put It out with out waiting for the rest of us members of the 6wnmphur«t Hoso to reach the scene.— Philadelphia, Public Ledger. East St. I/nuls now ha« the biggest steam whistle in the world. It Is a remarkable triple machine, with three voices— a three-chime whistler, whose capacity for the annihilation of peace Is extraordi nary. This whistle blows a tcti-milo blast at halt steam, and with favorable wind has a disturbing power of twenty miles. It costs $1 every time It Is blown. But this great whistle Is not all noise. It Is an Idea In economy, a whistle trust, a noise com bine. Almost all the little noises, yelps, toots and whines of smaller mechanical throats In East St. Louis are now dumb. The plain whistle trust whis tles for them. The Independent whistles have to whistle oft time to be heard. Within the range of this whistle are said to be one hundred thousand people who tell time by it. "I don't give money to tramps. "What do you do for a living?" "Please, mum. I work for the Society of Psychical Research." "Indeed l And what work do you do for the so ciety, pray?" "I holp In the Investigation of material spirits." — Baltimore American. NEW WAY OF TELEPHONING. From The Philadelphia Record. The new way of using the telephone, supposed to have been hit upon by ono of tho many health cranks who are concerned with keeping clear of germs, which Is to press the- receiver against the chest, Instead of holding It close to the mouth and talking In the usual way, the voice, it Is claimed, being carried perfectly. Is now quite pop ular in Philadelphia. Tho less clothing there is between the chest and the receiver tho better, but if the pressure be llrm the usual amount of wear ing apparel. It Is declared, does not interfere. The sclentino explanation of this phenomenon is that tho sounds of the voice, which are made In the chest, aro carried by the bones as they would be by a Bounding board. TWO NEW SENATORS. From The Hartford Courant. Michigan's new Senator-elect has served a dozen years in the House. No shadow of danger which he can avert will ever come nigh the Michigan beet sugar mills; wo fear ho will need a lot of con verting to free trad* with the- Philippines. But he has been a hard working Congressman, according to his llKhts. and ho does not owe his promotion to money, nor yet to the political machine in hla state; that was for another man, a millionaire. William Aiden Smith had a boyhood of poverty twenty-saven years ngo ho was a page In tho Michigan House. Kansas' 3 new Sonator-elect. Charles Curtis, had a boyhood of poverty, too. Ho sold newspapers In tho Topeka street*, and rode as Jockey In the ra"s», and drove a cab while he was studying law. Ho Is serving his fourth term in the House, and Is said to be that body's only full-blood Indian. Tho Kaw tribe gave Charles Curtis to Kalians, we are told. There are much more undesirable and risky ways. of getting United States Senators than the old fashioned way of promoting diligent members of tho House of Representatives. THE PRIZED ALFALFA. Prom The Boston Globe. Only the other day the dfath waa reported of Harrison Park titan, the man who flm bi alfalfa from South America nnd planted it In the United States. Europe had cultivated thin plant for nu>ro Ifutn two thousand years, but It was brought into the United States for the first time in UM. In a matorlnl way alfnlfa hns lx*en the salvation of the farmers of Western Kansas and Nebraska and of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and. Indeed, of all that vast section of country which once v. ts described as "the Great American Desert." Alfalfa produces heavy crops twice and three, tiin^s a year, and in tho form of hay alone, it enjoys ;i vary hlKh value. It Is cultivated on hoII which will pro duce nothing else, nnd It demands only ordinary at teatioa jtron the XariuaA About People and Social Incident*. AT THE WHITE HOUSE. [From The Tr'.bune Hureau.l Washington. Jan. 14.— The President sent to the Senate to-day an additional message on tho Brownsville "Incident." containing the result of recent Investigations made into the acts for which the Xegro soldiers of the 2^th Infantry were dis missed. Six Uta bravos, headed by Appah, the ranking chief, hail a "powwow" In th<-> President's office to-day. Indian Commissioner Francis E. Leupp, Colonel Alexander Rodffers, of fa© 6th Cavalry, and Captain Carter Johnson, <>f the 10th Cavalry, escorted the Indians to the Whits House to give them an opportunity to Hy tlulr grievances before the "Great White Father." Representative Llttauer. of K«W York, discussed ship subsidies with the President, and expressed the opin'on thnt the House would pass a measure favoring South American mail carrying lines. Other callers at the White House included Senators Hale, Hansbrough and Piles, Representatives Bede, French, Otjen, Cocks. Hogg 1 , Brooks aod Allen, Secretary Taft and J. B. Hishop, secretary of the Panama Canal Commission. THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS. [Fren> The Tribune Bureau.] Washington, Jan. 14.— The Russian Ambassador and Bareness Rosen celebrated the Russian New Tear at the embassy last night by hav»ig the members of the embassy staff to dine with them. The arrival of Count and Countess Alexander Hatzfeldt at tho Japanese Embassy to-morrow will prevent Viscountess Aokl from receiving/ but In company with her daughter, CountessrHatzfeldt, she will be at home the remaining Tuesdays In this month. • IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY. [From. The Tribune Uureau.] Washington. Jan. 14.— Many early and small din ner parties were given to-night In order tha*. guests might attend the entertainment given for th«» ben efit of the House of Mercy. Mrs. James Pinchot. Mrs. "William Eao, Mrs. Nicholas Anderson, Mrs. Oaff. Mrs. Clover, Mrs. Satterlee. Mrs. Addlson, Mrs. Barney, Mrs. Randolph Clark. Miss Foraker, Miss Kean, Mrs. "William K. Cur, Mrs. Oliver. Mrs. Shont.?, Mrs. Lincoln. Mrs. Newberry, Mrs. Reyburn. Mrs. Richard Townsend, Mrs. "William a. Slater and Mrs.- John R. McLean were patronesses, and tha spectators presented almost as brilliant a scene as th« entertainment Itself. On» of the chief features of the evening was a tableau. In which Miss Jennings, the Misses Shonts, Miss Jean Crosby, Miss Dodge. Miss Plater, Miss Marian Crosby, Miss Caryl Crawford. Miss Laura Mills. Miss Lc ■ nr.d Mlsa Claba appeared. "The Muses" afforded an opportunity for nine of the prettiest debutantes to pose, and St. Margaret's Quartet gave L!za Leh ir.;<:m"3 "In a Persian cfrden." Captain and Mrs. Richardson Clover were among tho dinner hosts of the: evening, entertakilng the Becretary of the Navy and Mrs. Metcalf, Senator Kean, Miss IT nan. Senator and Mrs. Bulkeley, Rep resentative and Bin Weeks, Mrs. Postlethwaite, Henry Crocker, Captain and Mrs. Southerland, Ad miral and Mrs. Goodrich and Genera] and Mrs. Glllesple. » Miss Jean Reid, who has been the test of Rep resentative and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth since Friday, returned to New York to-day. Miss Lucy Margaret Roosevelt, who came over to be the guest of the President and Mrs. Rooso velt at tho diplomatic dinner, and on Saturday night was the guest of honor at a dinner and dance given by her grandmother and uncle, Mrs. Kean and Senator Kean. rouirned to New York this morning. "Tha Benedicts" organization of last season, which gave several of the prettiest dances of tha winter, has been displaced by "The Benedictines." a new organization, which will give a dance the night of January 2L Mrs. George "W. Vanderbilt, Mrs. "William Corcoran Kustls, Mrs. Ward Thoron and Mrs. Purdy are ■sera] of ths committee of arrangements. NEW YORK SOCIETY. Mrs. Elbrldgo T. Gerry Bar* a dance last night at her house. No. 2 East 61st i ■•■ft. Her guests, who numbered about two hundred, were composed mostly of tho younger marr)3d .■■■■: and debutantes FRANCE'S AID TO ART. Storm of Protest Over 'Attempt to Cut Off Appropriations. Paris, Jan. — An unsuccessful effort has Just been made to strike from the budget of tho government subventions which help to maintain the four great national theatres, tho Op£rn, tho Opera Comlque. tho ComfJ' e Francalsa and Oka Oc!6on. Probably no country In th* world Is so genoroua In tha encor.rapement of tho line arts as Franca, 13,495,0 M) being anuually ex pended- for till purpose. The cost of the maintenance cf toe four national theatres ap proaches 51.500.000 annually. Tho personnel of tho Optra Includes 1,370 artists, musicians, dancers, chorister?, etc.; tho Come\lia Franchise, 510: the Optra Comique, 602, and the Od£on, COO. Th<» receipt however, serve to cover the larger part of tho expense of elaborate pro ductions, and the deficit which the government was obliged to meet last year was only about $295,000. The attempt to striko out the appropriation was based on the ground that these theatres served no public utility, but the mere sts t urges tlon of crippling the national drama and the opera, which form such a groat pn.ri*of Parisian life, raised a storm of protest. Tho doors of the national theatres are open to artists and au thors, and genius and merit are always assured of th© opportunity which they seek. The prize winners in the conservatory. in virtue of that fact, receive engagements according to the class in which they ere competing; either In opera or drama. Gustare Rivet, chairman of the senate com mittee which reported against tho proposal, made a warm defence of encouragement of art, recalling the words of Voltaire, that "every people which has not cultivated the arts has been destined to remain unknown." He called attention to the fact that the Greeks, numer ically the smallest people of antiquity, had left the greatest Impress upon civilization among their poets, philosophers and artists. "Art. which so many people consider superfluous," added he, "Is a necessity of nature, and Is of supreme util ity by its Incomparable Influence." KING VICTOR RECEIVES MR. STEAD. Rome, Jan. H.— King Victor Emmanuel to-day received AY. T. Stead in private audience and ex pressed himself as heartily in accord with the peacs plans. MR. LEISHMAN GUEST OF SULTAN. Constantinople. Jan. 14.— American Ambas sador, Mr. Irishman, accompanied by the members (if his family and Mr. Jay, secretary of the Ameri can Embassy here, wero entertained at the palace this evening, and were received In private au dience by the Sultan. OFFERS LIBRARY TO SEA CLIFF. Sea Cliff. Long Island. Jan. M (Special).— lf this village will pledge MM a year to maintain It. An drew Carnegie will give, a new library, to cost $6,000. It will be necessary to call a special meet ing of the village to vote on the question, and there seems to be little doubt that the library will be ac cepted. ■■. • PREFARING FOR SHAH'S FUNERAL. Teheran, Jun. 14.— Preparations ara being made for the funeral of the Shah. Although the day for the ceremony has not been announced, the services for the dead which have been held In the principal mosque since the death of Muzaffer-ed-Din have ii<>\\ oeaaed. The members of the diplomatic corps made the firsi onlclal viait to th» new Slmh yesterday and presented tne congratulations: of their respective governments on his accession. MRS. GUILD HAS RELAPSE, BUT RALLIES. Boston. Jan. 14.— Governor Guild did not go to the Btate House to-day, owing to the condition of hts wife, who waa operated on recently for a; pSB> dtcltls, and who suffered a relapse yester lay. Mrs. (Juild was reported to be In an Improved condition to-day, however, and i: was announced that her pulse and temperature wen* nearly normal. of th« season. Mr?. Gerry, tn a dress of raaaT* satin, received the guests, assisted by her daugh ters. Miss Gerry and Misa Mabel G*r.-r. M!m Gerry's fto^n waa or crepe de chine, while Mlsa Mabel Gerry was attired in a princess dress of red oattn. A seated supper was served about midnight, and later the cotillon was danced, led by Worth lnerton Whltehouse. The favors Included fans, sat'la sashes, fancy colored parasols, orders nnd boutoo nleres. A second supper followed the cotillon. Mme. Fremstad, M. Campanarl and M. Gillbert were the attractions at Albert Morris Bagby'B musical morning given at the Waldorf-Astoria yes terday. Among those present were Mrs. Richard Irvin. Mrs. George G. Haven. Mrs. Reginald Ron alds. Miss Clementine Furniss, Miss Cornelia V. R. Robb. Mrs. John E. Alexandre, Mrs. C. Oliver Iseiln. Mrs. James Roosevelt. Mrs. Lewis Cass Ledyard. Mrs Whitelaw Reid. Mrs. William Jay Schleffelia. Mrs Herman Le Roy Emmet, Mrs. Charles B. Alex ander. Mrs. John E. Parsons, Mr?. William Douglas Sloane, Mrs. Robert ML Thompson. Mrs. WMSBfI Lanraan Bull. Mrs. John C Wilmerdln* and Mr*. Reginald de Kuven. Mrs. Henry F. Dimock will give a dinner to-n!g>.% at her house. In East COth street, for President Hadi ley of Yale and Mrs. Hadley. Mr-- James B. M. Grosvenor will give a dinne* aai theatre party, followed by a danc*\ to-night for Miss Mildred Glhert Townsend. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James B. Town3eml. Mr?. Townsenfl will chaperon tha affair, as Mrs. dr.svenor is la mourning. In aid of the SunnysiJe Day Nursery, Mine. Al!» Nazimova will give a performance of 'Th» Doll's House" this afternoon at the Princess Theatre. Tickets may be had of Mrs. Charles I* Tiffany. No. 128 East 36th street. Among the patronesses are Mrs. Dallas Bache Pratt. Mrs. Charles H. Tweed, Mrs. Cleveland H. Dodge. Mrs. Whitelaw Reid, Mrs. William A. Taylor. Mrs. H°nry B. Hol llns. Mrs. Gustav E. Kissel and many others. Next FViday afternoon the same play will be given at the Princess Theatre, In aid of the class for crip pled children of the. Children's A:d Society School. Mrs. Joseph Marl* will entertain at dinner this evening In honor of Miss Ethel Folsrer White. whose engagement to Cornelius 'Wagstaf! Ramaea was recently announced. Mrs. Char!°s B. Alexander tvj:i s!ve a dinner OS) •Tuesday next at her house, in West sSth street Th<» Hon. Maude Pauneefote. daughter o* tbs late Iyjrd Pauncefot*. has Just arrived from Eng land, and is visiting Miss Kate Pries at her housa, In Fifth avenue. She will later go on t-> Washing ton, wh=»re she will be the guest of Mrs. Richard Towr.send. Mr. and Mrs. Peter D. Martin have taken tit house of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Carroll. In »Jsl Ru* Boissiere. Paris, for th* remainder of the winter. ■ Receptions were riven' yesterday by Mrs. Edwia H. TVeatherbee and Mrs. William W. McAlptn. Mr. and Mrs. J. Sergeant Cram ar» occupying their new home, Xo. 3 East 33th street. Announcement has been made of th» engagement of Miss Harriett Hayes Hoyt, • da-isrhter of Mrs. James Otis Hoyt. to J. Frank Phillips, son of th« late Mr. and Mrs. Francis Phillips, of Brooklyn. Mr. and Mrs. Edward 1.. Burlicgame have an nounced the engagement of their daughter, Miss Constance Burllngame. to Tracy Hoppin. sen of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Street Hoppin. of Provi dence. Among those present at Ha Metropolitan Opera House last night were Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt. ar. Captain and Mr?. Philip M. Lydig. Mr. aad Mrs. Robert Goelet. Mr. and Mrs. E. Francis Hyde, Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt, Mr. and Mrs. WiMam Douglas Sloane. Mr. and Mrs. George F. Baker. Mr. and Mrs. W. Goadby Loew. M!="s Parsons. Mrs. Ogden Mills. Miss Mills, Mr. er.l Mr.«. Harry Payne Whitney. General and Mrs Lloyd S. Bryce. Mrs. Trevor. August Belmont, R. T. Wilson, sr., aad Major G. Creighton Webb. DR. SHEARER DROPPED. Ixyses Clerkship of Presbytery While 111 in Hospital. 1 io Rev. Dr. P. E. Shearer, while ill with rh» ir.-.atism In the Presbyterian Hosplta!, was retired yesterday afternoon by the Presbytery of New York from the position of stated clerk. The Rev. Dr. Georga Alexander, pastor of tha University Place Presbyterian Church, was elected to succeed him. Dr. Shearer has been stated clerk of the pre»» bytery f.ir flva years. lid was elected threa years ago, after tilling out two years of an un expired term, caused by the death of the Rev. Dr. George W. F. Birch. ted by sotna leaders in the presbytery for several months. They b« lleved. It is said, without castir.j any reflections) on Dr. Shearer, that the clerkship shouW be sub ject to rotation. From an authoritative source It was learned last night that tha vote was approximately SO to S."» in Dr. Alexander's favor. The name uf Dr. Sheerer was put In nomination by tha Rev. Dr. J. F*?rd Sutton, of New Jersey, after Dr. Alexander had been nominated by the Rev. Dr. Howard Duflield. pastor of the First Church, Some acrimony occurred during the nominating speeches. Dr. Sutton's contention was supported by the Rev. Dr. W. %. Buchanan, pastor of the Fourth Avenue Presbyterian Church, who acted 83 a seconder for Dr. Shearer, and who. it is re ported, said he would "challenge" any member who held that Dr. Shearer had not made a "goal stated clerk." During: the time of Dr. Shearer's tenure of th« stated clerkrhlj) tho presbytery has been rent with several neifcnu turmoils, not the least ot which was the dl.'Tlculty over the withdrawal ot tho "Westminster Presbyterian Church. In West 23d street. The connection of Vr. Shearer ia his official cap iclty with it was ofren comment ed upon, but his stand, according to some mem bers of the body, was ultimately vindicated, Some time ago, in connection with charges mad* by the Rev. Dr. Carter and by th« Rev. Jofaa Howard Hobbs, Dr. Shearers name men tioned, but he was vindicated by the local pres bytery. The presbytery yesterday passed a resolution regretting Dr. Shearer's serious illness. Th? presbytery learned yesterday that a M| money raising campaign is planned, with tha object of collecting* $300,000. and that some New York Presbyterian, whoso name is carefully kept secret, has already made a his conditional gift to it. PILGRIMS DINNER TO MR. BRYCE. London, Jan. U.->Tair.«s Bryce, tha cew'.y ap pointed British Ambassador to the United 3ts.t«e» is to be a gruest of the Pilgrims of London at s> dinner at tha Savoy Hotel on February i, at ■whidi Field Marshal Lord Roberts Is to preside. Tnia probably ■will be Mr. Bryco's laat public appearance In Knsland befora his departure for Washlnfftoa. W. C. REICK LEAVES "THE HERALD." William C. Reick, for some year* president ot the New York Herald Company, has withdraws boss "The New York Herald" and has acquired • substantial interest in the New Ycrk Tlraea Com* pany, and will hereafter be associated with Adoipi S. Oehs. the publisher and controlling owner, la the management of 'The New York Times." Mr. Krtck has also become associated with Adolpb oehs and OSSSSJI W. Oehs in the ownersnip •€ "The, Philadelphia Public Ledger." m PORTO RICAN HOUSE IN SESSION. Sin Juan. P. R.. Jan. 14.— The House af Dels gates convened to-day in annual session. Fran cisco P. Acuna was elected Speaker. Governor Wlnthrop will read hU message to tiie house to morrow.