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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, January 26, 1907, Image 3

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JTould Prohibit Ownership of Mines
by Carriers.
■Washington. Jan. The Interstate Commerce
Commission to -**>' transmitted to Congress its first
report on Its investigation Into discriminations and
monopolies under the Joint resolution of Cong/ess
ef, March ' 1906. known as the TlUman-Glllesple
r t«oh:tion. The report deals with bituminous coal
carried east of ISM Ohio River and in territory
bounded on the south by the Norfolk & Western
Eailway, on the north by Canada and on the east
ty the Atlantic seaboard - The roads Involved are
the Norfolk & Western.' Chesapeake & Ohio. Balti-
Dore •: Ohio, Pennsylvania. Buffalo. Rochester &
Plttsbarg. Beech Creek division of the Sew York
Central A Hudson River, Pittsburg. Shawmut &
Northern. Buffalo & Busquehanna and West Vir
ginia Central A Pittsburg (now the Western Mary-
The report says that ail of the above companies
»irn. directly or by stock ownership in other com
panies, large Interests In coal land*. The report is
only a partial one. and will bo followed by another,
after further investigation. It la practically a sum
gsaiy of the information' gleaned a* a result
•f the investigation thus far made, together
with the presentation of facts pertinent to the
genera Inquiry. The report concludes with recom
mendations for legislative action based on th* de
velopments thus far. Thes« recommendation* are:
First— That every common carrier engaged in In
terstate transportation of coal be required to make
P**^!^** stem or car distribution In effect upon
Its railway and the several divisions thereof, show
tog how the equipment for coal service Is divided
between me several divisions of its road, and how
the s«di* in -.lines when th« supolv or eouiumVut
does noi equal the demand Is divided am V the
e^veral mining operations along eh road and
that th« .arrier further be required to publish at
stated periods and at each divisional headouartera
upon its Un. of road the system of car diSu"'on
it, effect and the actual distribution made to each
mining operation under such system
.u Se M on<i ~? llat .* *" re the capacity of the mines i*
the basis for the distribution of equipment a fair
Jast ana equitable rating of the nilne. C rVgu.red
tind that provision be made for the i c i. resent a
>;.f the mines at the rating thereoV
- isss^sss;* ■ privat * — s?s?i£»
f n^. lI nT T^hMH X en « a «* d in interstate com
m-rc* be forbidden, after reasonable time, to own
•• Interest, directly or Indirectly, in any oo
coal iiropertie*. except such as hk «clv

Ht,v«f?i " carriers of any coal proper
forbidden 0 ' r ° ad by * hich they « r * £ptoy«S tS
A summary is given showing, as developed in the
Investigation. the interest of. railroad officials in
corporations or companies operating coal mines or
«ag*d in coal traffic. any of the details of this
Information hate already been published
One officer of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway
< ■■«.«■!. the report says. ha* an Interest in five
tn»uK.'ind or six thousand acres of coal lands In
Kentucky, but th»re is no coal operation on the
Ownership of stock in coal companies by officers
mi<l employes of the Pennsylvania Railroad, the
report says, has created a serious and dangerous
condition on the line of this company. These of
ficials and employes are of three classes, which the
r< port enumerates.
As to the first claw., the policy of permitting of-
Th.hls and employes of railroad companies- to hold
investments in <vtu\ companies furnishing traffic to
*:•- i.-ad is. in the opinion of the commission.
mistaken poli -v und»r present conditions, and is
e^poriFible for favoritism. In any event. It subjects
,fiic*ts and employes to criticism and suspicion.
>j«d the report says' the policy should be speedily
•"inng^Hl and th<» practice thereunder forbidden. .
As to the second class, who. joining with others
holding options on or titles to coal properties, ac
quired interest therein by promoting or allowing
'h* ufe-of their names «= promoters, the report
-. ft that this system was used to a large extent
by parsons outside of officers and employes of tbe
mad io advance their own interest and to enlarge"
tli« shipments from the coal properties they were, :
operating, the purpose being to secure by means of
thf influence of railroad officials and employes
undue and unjust advantage over other coal com
pnnifs having no such affiliations.
"A St'AXDAL ON p. R. R.-
As Jo the third class, the officers and employes
to whom stock in coal companies was given out
right, without subterfuge or even pretence of pur
«h;is-. the report says, this system was frequently
•d to. and lhe officers and managers of the
• r.;l companies usually selected the officers and
employes of the railroad whose influence it was
thought desirable to secure. This practice has
grown to be a scandal on the Pennsylvania Rail
road, it Is said, and no one appearing before the
ommisalon attempted to justify it. The commis
sion strongly expresses its disapproval of these
practices. . -
HaSBM is taken of an executive order issued by
the president .of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany on July 5 last requiring all officers and em
ployes to dive.st them*. of any Interest, direct
or Indirect, in Stack of any coal companies or firms.
As to the Baltimore A Ohio Railroad, the report
save :
1 he evidence thows thai ten officials of this com
pany own an aggregate of 7.174 shares of stock of
coal companies, par value $100. and that these
companies have their plants on and ate doing busi
n* sa along the lines or the Baltimore A Ohio. This
stock was acquired in some cases by purchase and
iii other* by allotment as a bonus with bonds pur
chased, and in a tew instances by gift. The criti
cism applied to practices on the Pennsylvania Rail
road applies to these practices of stock acquisition
on the part of officials of the Baltimore & Ohio
Regarding the New York Central & Hudson
Rjv«-r Railroad. It is said that no ownership by any
officer or employe of the stock or bonds of coal
companies is disclosed, except that certain shares
of the Beech < 'reek Coal and Coke Company of
the I'learfield Bituminous Coal Corporation In
which the New York Central has Mock certificates
were issued in the names of certain officers of the
railroad company to qualify them as directors of
those coal companies, that they might represent
th» railroad's holdings.
Under the general bead of contract In the form
of truet or conspiracy in restraint of trade, the re
port touches on the various railway and freight
Bfworialions in the territory covered by the investi
gation, and says it was apparent to the commis
sion that "the associations were used for the pur
pose of agreeing upon and maintaining freight
rates, and that the distribution of tonnage to the
several roads was only maintained In so far as the
<x>m*»s to life when the Ixxly Ms. the de
licious clow of health, rigor and energy.
That Certain Sense
for vigor la the brain and easy jx>lee of
the serves ' comes when the imjxroper
foods are cut out and pr»-cH«e«t«J
taicm their, place. : ':
If It baa taken you year* to run dovrn
don't *xiw«ct on© mouthful of this irre&t
-", tn:hrlng yon rial* for It in not a
JO days' trial ahows rwiltt.
"There's a" Reason" '
Get the "little* book, ".."Th* Road to Waii
• *' " ■
* r ii*a> > ' Is nsxa.
rate's."*""* acC0II1 P ll « n * a »>y fixing agreed freight
Regarding the various associations, the follow
ing conclusion* are reached:
of T Virrf°n?« m i SS i°rK fln / d Bin th Associated Railways
the sSvitiTi r"u th t, Carolinas an agreement among
coal rat« JSh road I' 8'""* thereto not to reduce
ißfhat it. wlthOlJt consultation, and the inference
«en£ti iJ? e onMnt . of th « railroad companies repre
sented in t lie association Is required.
Ran Rit,m^ tern ,, NN * W York " Id - N>w England All
d£* Bituminous Coal Traffic Association the pur-
S? ™«1 !nS * SSOe i aUon 'as to see that the prices
SniTlJii? nd , fre| * ht rates were maintained, and if
not miin^ com P. an y .Party to the, agreement did
feet 71^«!fV? SU ?. h prlc " s Md rates 1» was pub "
inTgnt Hdvjse. " th * -****• committee
Buffalo**!?^*?' 1 ° f R « 1: «>lno»"< Coal Statistics.
As",clat in Thi on P n , aI *y ° aIW the Buffalo ' '"«
be^, thiJ^'i t" )rlnc 'Pal purpose peems to have
In iht nw nt ??" nc s. of rat between the parties.
(WamMw "' Tram> Association, located at
by " of' £ '• a 5a 5 MTeement appears a* to rates
rates \?l fl^H r?r ?i adS w although in many Instances
the Th. i thereby which should he competl
to b« Th« ™.1 , purpose " the association sterns
traffic maintenance of agreed rates on coal
Under the heading of 'Monopoly of any part of
the trade or commerce in coal or traffic therein."
evidence concerning the -community of Interest
between the Pennsylvania. Ba'ttmore & Ohio, Nor
folk & Western. Chesapeake A Ohio. New York
Central and Philadelphia & Reading railways is
considered. The report continues:
,w!' c .. a t!ons having 'fatted to accomplish th«
n«n , Purpose*, the Pennsylvania Railroad Com
punv ,i.t.,riun.<i to buy sufficient of the stocks of
the . < ,t es / pI"p I". ake ** Ohio, Baltimore & Ohio and
„,?""■■ western railroads. so that, acting with
oiners. ii might control the policy of these roads.
jut commission reaches the conclusion, aside from
the question whether the Pennsylvania Railroad
company had a majority of the stock of the other
railroad companies mentioned, except the New
iork Central, that as a matter of fact the Balti
more & Ohio. Chesapeake & Ohio. Norfolk & West
ern and Philadelpnia & Reading railroads were
practically controlled by the Pennsylvania ami the
->***' \ork Central & Hudson River railroads, and
that the result was to practically abolish substan
tial competition between the carriers of coal in the
territory under consideration.
Since the taking of evidence In this investiga
tion, the commission is advised through the public
pre.us of the saw- by the Pennsylvania Railroad
company of its stocks of th.- Baltimore & Ohio.
Chesapeake & Ohio and Norfolk & Western, or a
part thereof, but who is to become finally the
owner of these storks the commission is not ad
vised. This action on the part of the Pennsylvania
railroad appears to the .•oniroission as a recogni
tion of tlie public demand that there should not he
Mock ownership by one railroad engaged in inter
state commerce in a substantial competitor also
engaged In interstate commerce.
The report Bays the ownership or Interest In coal
properties or coal truffle by carriers cr their officers
or employes has. in the opinion of this commission,
brought about discriminations, injustice and Inequal
ities in the service to independent operators ana
has prevented many persons who desired to engage
in mining essl from doing so. and that the com
binations or contract* of tne several carriers, mem
bers of the associations named, has had the effect
of increasing treislu rates and also the price ot
coal to tat consumers.
The report says it appears that one of the most
trutUUi MOUTOSM uf complaint >>> nmypvrs a£aiu»i
tne carrier*. <o fur as CSC aistriounon ana tue lui
iUbniii£ oi ta<:iliutb ar« concerned, iidk crown out
ut me want of publicity on ia« pail ut in« carrier*
in lhatr ueaJinga wnn shljipeis. it the carriers haa
conducted tiitir business 'with shippers openly ana
iiaii furnished information as to car di-Unouuon. to
whlci) Empper* were entitled, much of the favor
itism, aoooraing to the ri-j/ori, would nave eon
averted, and wherever unjust suspicions were
arousea the fact that they were Incorrect would
have readily appeared. Oil the Pennsylvania and
Baltimore & Onio railroads it was almost impos
sible for the shipper to ascertain accurately what
was the system of car distribution .ana whether It
was faithfully carried out. The commission an
nounces that the method of rating mines on those
roads where the capacity of the mines to produce
coal is an element considered in the distribution of
cars to the several divisions or districts and ca^'i
mine therein has not been carried out with
care or fairness which should characterize si . ..
responsible and Important duties.
It is declared that many Inequalities and unjust
methods are used In arriving at the capacity of
each mine. It Is strenuously asserted on the part
of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, the report
says, that the acquisition of the stocks of th«
Baltimore & Ohio, the Chesapeake A Ohio and trie
Norfolk & Western by the Pennsylvania' Railroad
Company was th» real cause for the cessation in
rebates, which seems to have taken place Imme
diately after the stocks In these companies were
acquired, and this assertion In part seems to be
Mr. Simmons'* Measure Designed to Make
State Laws Effective.
Washington. Jan. — Senator Simmon!* to-day lr
troduced a Child Labor bill which is dea'cned to
matter it unlawful for an Interstate carrier "to
transport from the state of production Into another
state products of a mine or factory In which chil
dren are employee* or permitted to work. In viola
tion of the Child Labor laws of the state in which
the factory or mine Is located.
This hill differs from the Bevertdee bill In that It
does not undertake to make a Child Labor law. but
recognizes the Child Labor laws of the several
states, and seeks to make them effective, it i*
based on the Idea that nearly all the states have
Child Labor laws, and that they are largely In
effective, and will remain so as long as they can
be enforced only by local prosecution for "their
violation. The bill recognizes the right of the
state to make Its own Child I^ahor laws, and Its
object is to make those laws effective by denying
to those who violate them th« benefits of Inter
state transportation.
Washington. Jan. 2S.— The Senate Committee on
Foreign Relations to-day ordered favorably re
ported the substitute for the I^xige. resolution con
cerning the Congo Free State situation. The reso
lution merely advises the President that he will
receive tlie cordial support of the Senate in any
steps he may deem it wise to take. In co-operation
with or In aid of any of the powers signatory of
the treaty of Berlin, "for the amelioration of the
condition of the inhabitants of the Congo Free
State.." The preamble to the resolution sets forth
that "the reports of the Inhuman treatment in
flicted upon the native inhabitants of the Congo
Free State have been of such a nature as to draw
the attention of the civilized world and excite th«
compassion of the people of the United States."
Washington, .'an. 25.— Mr. Fobs, of Illinois, chair
man of the Committee on Naval Affairs, reported
the Naval Appropriation bill to the Houv to-day.
The bill carries $36,167,155, being about H9.etS.etO leas
than wan asked In the depart estimates. Ac
cording to the report submitted with the bill It
will require 37.283 men to man the active lle.-t as It
will stand when the vessels now authorized a!
built. The first reserve numbers 3.209. an.l those
on shore stations 1.219. making a grand total of
41.811. The appropriation for smokeless powder
Is the same as last year.
Annapolis, Jan. 25.— The date of the graduation of
the second section of the first class at the Naval
Academy baa been changed from Saturday. Febru
ary 9 to Monday. February 11. Secretary IfeteaTf
will present the diploma* to the gradunteg.
Until She Found the Proper Food.
Life has a very plea Kant aspect when viewed
through the spectacles of health. We are «mjii:il
to almost any task ; mountains are as molehills
and difficultly made but to be overcome when
vigorous health is ours. -
Just as certain as fate, if we overload the
stomach with poorly cooked, pasty, starchy or
greasy foods we will Buffer and lose health, for
the machinery of the body is dependent for its
strength and perfect action upon the food wo
A woman, living In Maidstoue, England, says :
"For months I suffered severely with pains in
my chest and arms as well as round the back of
my waist, and always felt tired and lackadais
ical, so that the slightest exertion was an effort.
My appetite kept growing smaller and smaller.
I consulted two doctors, but no Improvement
was noticeable while under their respective
treatments. I became despondent and began to
think my case was boneless, when a friend rec
ommended Grape-Nuts, having derived preat
benefit from this truly wonderful food himself.
As a last chance I invested in a package, and
after only a oonple of weeks' trial it bad mar
vellous effects upon my health. The pains dis
appeared entirely, and in their place strength
and an excellent appetite returned. I felt strong
and fit for anything, that nasty sensation of
liflelessness having quite departed.
"I n*ve put on flesh rapidly.
"I have now used Grape-Nuts for many weeks,
and mean to continue to do so In the future, for
the reason that I and the remainder of the
household like it so much. We eat It with milk
and a little jam, generally apricot, which Is a
valuable addition." Name given, by Poetiun Oa.
Battle Greek. Mich.
FOR nill.iri'lXK TARIFF
Mr. Aldrich' s Interest Give* Meas
ure Signs of Life.
(From Th<» Tribune Buremu.l
Washington, Jan. 25.— The Philippine Tariff
bill, which for more than a year has slumbered
in the Philippines Committee of the Senate, is
again showing faint signs of life. This Is due
to the fact that Senator Aldrioh has shown some
Interest in it. It is the opinion of the Rhode
Island Senator that the opponents of the bill
would be wise to accept a compromise proposi
tion, whereby the tariff to be assessed on sugar,
tobacco and rice imported from the Philippines
shall be 40 per cent of the Dingley rates, all
other products of the islands to come in free.
The argument advanced in support of this
opinion is that the opponents of the Philippine
bill will never again be in as good a position to
dictate terms as they are now. The agitation
in favor of wiping out the tariff on Philippine
ponds will Inevitably continue, and. in the judg
ment of Mr. Aldrich. will grow in influence.
Of course, the bill may easily be defeated at
this session of Congress. In fact, it will re
quire almost a unanimous agreement to pass
It. But It will come up again next session, with
every likelihood th;it its friends will command
considerably greater influence, and may even be
able to force through the House a measure
which reduces the tariff on imports from the
Philippines to H." per cent.
Senator Aldrich is not famed as an opponent
of the protection policy of the Republican party,
nor even as an injudiciously zealous advocate of
tariff reduction, but he is well known to he a
keen Judge of the prospects for legislation in
Congress, and those who know him best attach
the greatest Importance to the warning which
his views should constitute to the opponents of
lower duties on Imports from the Philippines.
Compromise Measure Intended to Benefit
Washington. Jan. 23.— The compromise Denatured
Alcohol bill agreed on by the House Committee on
Ways and Means carries a provision that the
measure shall not become effective until after Sep
tember 1, 1908. This date was fixed at the request
of Mr. Yerkes, Commissioner of Internal Revenue,
for the purpose of granting him adequate time to
prepare regulations for the manufacture of alco
hol by small manufacturers not connected with dis
Representatives Hill and Marshall and other
members who have been active in getting a measure
prepared which will enable small manufacturers
to make denatured alcohol were anxious to have
the present law amended immediately, but the
Treasury ITepartment insisted that time must be
had to frame regulations under which locked
stills and tanks may he used by farmers desiring
to make alcohol in small plants.
The present law removing all Internal revenue
tax from denatured alcohol permits only distilleries
and factories having large denaturing warehouses
to engaK*- in th* manufacture of the alcohol de
signed for fuel, light and manufacturing purposes,
and the bill Just reported by the House committee
is to permit farmers to convert their products into
Sends $445,750 to San Francisco Ja
maica and China.
Washington. Jan 25— The Red <*ross to-day for
■rarded to San Francisco for relief -work *445.7 fA
This was sent in accordance with the estimate for
January of the Fan Francisco Relief and Red Cross
Funds, a corporation, through which the Red Cross
is administering Its relief fund*
On th« receipt of the news that Kingston had
r><-en visited by a severe earthquake, the Red Cross
took Immediate looking toward the relief of
the needy. The New York branch was Immediately
Instructed by* telegraph to purchase and ship $.*..<>•»
worth of supplies, without wnttlng to see if the
contributions received would Justify this expendi
ture, and It Is the hope of the Red Cross that con
tributions sufficient to meet the payment for then*
relief supplies would be made by the public.
The famine in China Is regarded as the gravest
situation with which it has to deal at present.
Cable reports say that the refugees are being forci
bly driven hack Into the famine, district, where
smallpox Is adding Its terrors No relief is In sight
until the harvest of next year's crops, in June, and
there Is no seed wheat avnllahle for planting. This
the Red Cross Is endeavoring to supply through,
voluntary contributions, but the response to the
appeal for help has. not been encouraging.
Service! in Washington — Body to Lie
in State in Detroit.
Washington Jan. 25.— Assistant Secretary New
berry, who if arranging the details of the funeral
of Senator A leer so far an that can be done from
Washington. unnouticM to-day that at the close of
th« funeral services, to be held here at 2 o'clock to
morrow afternoon, the body will be removed to the
Pennsylvania Railroad station and placed on the 4
O'clock Western train, due to arrive in Detroit at
10:45 a. m. Sunday. After consultation with Mrs
Alger and telegraphic correspondence with Colonel
Frank Meeker, who is in charge of the funeral ar
iungemeniH at Detroit, It wan decided that when
the body of the Senator arrives in that city It will
b* removed to the City Hull and He in mate the re
mainder of Sunday. Monday morning the coffin
will he taken to the Alger home, where funeral
services will he held at 2 p. m. The army will
be represented by an escort of three or four com
panies of Infantry now stationed at Kort Wayne
and by a firing squad, to give a military character
to the services at the grave.
Colonel Hecker has also been authorised to pro
vide for participation In the funeral procession
by the Michigan National Guard and the Detroit
Loyal Legion. He has llkewliie been charged to
nrl«ct the pa ll bearers.
Detroit, Jan. 25— At a special meeting called to
take action on the sudden death of Senator Alg«>r
the Common Council adopted a resolution asking
lira. Alger to permit the Senator's body to lie in
Mate in the city Hall for several hours Sunday
afternoon. Flags are at half mast all over the city,
an.l there is universal sorrow over the death of the
Alleged English Pickpocket and Companion
Taken After Long Chase.
After an exciting chase of several blocks, two
English pickpockets "of the first magnitude," so
the police say, were arrested at the point of De
tective Sergeant John Flannelly's revolver, at Co
lumbus avenue and tj'.»th street, early this morning.
The prisoners said they were Frederick Bis
marck, an Englishman. of No. 79 West 109 th street,
end Arthur William*, recently from Boston, and
staying at No. 4. V.**> IMtti street.
Flannelly said Bismarck was wanted by Scotland
Yard. London.
Washington, Jan. 2"..— The Poatofflce Appropria
tion bill to be reported by the House Committee on
Post offices and Post Road* will probably carry be
tween $200,000,000 and $2"B.<"Of).<X)O. as against an ap
propriation of IMMGaJS) for the current year. Rep
reaentatlve Overstreet, chairman of the committee,
said to-day that this Increase will result from the
additional pay of letter carriers and clerk* and tne
enormous growth of railway mails
On next Tuesday th« sub-committee which is
preparing the hill will report it to the full com
mttt«-e. and it will probably be laid before the
House next week. A decrease averaging about 7
per ••♦•tit in the pay for the transportation of rail
way malls will he recommended.
Mount Vernon residents were surprised yes
terday by the beiated announcement of the.
marriag* of Kdward H. Hall, of this city, and
Miss Ella Brower. of Pleasantville. Mr. Hall
is eighty-four yeara old and well to do. His
bride waa a teacher In the public schools of
Mount Vernon. The family of Mr. Hall, it is
said, were much opposed to the marriage. Mr.
Hall slipped quietly away on Christmas Day
and went to Pl*asantvill». and was married
by the Rev. Dr. A. K. Stanford, of the Meth
odist Episcopal Church. The bride left a sick
bed for the wedding.
• *
The officers and members of the Old Guard kept
open house- at their armory yesterday for the visit
ing military bodies which attended the Old Guard
ball. Officers and members of the First and Second
Corps of the Governor's Foot Guards of Connecti
cut, and ■ ...»:t. 'ncludlnj the Washington Minute
Mas. the Canadian retlraanLs and. the- Bth Btpax
tt« Company oX Troy, >.'. "J,, «xUoy*d th« hosplfl
lav of th* Old QUMM.
Genuine j*
Is always
good whisKey
Ear-Senator Faulkner Refutes Seal
ing Charges.
[From Th« Tribune Bureau. 1
Washington. Jan. 25. — Ex-Senator C. J. Faulk
nrr. of West Virginia, in a hearing to-day be
fore the Ways and Means Committee made a
telling defence of the North American Commer
cial Company, holder of the lease to take seals
in the Pribyloff Islands, against the allegations
of Henry \V. Elliott, of Cleveland, who charges
the company with destroying the herd by pe
lagic sealing and with corrupting government
Elliott is the sole accuser who has appeared I
in the case, and Mr. Faulkner devoted much of
his time to a revelation of the history of the
man. One stinging characterization followed
another, coming: from as high officials as a Sec
retary of the Treasury, and even the Vice-Presi
dent of the United States. The climax came,
when the Governor of Alaska In 1886 referred
to him as seeming to have a "colossal impedi
ment In his veracity." Only once did Elliott
seek to Interrupt the arraignment, but the com
mittee declined to hear him then. As soon as
th« committee met Chairman Payne made it
plain that it did not care to have its reputation
involved In the authenticity of the charges. Mr.
Payne told Mr. Elliott, who had testified at a
previous hearing, that the committee had decid
ed not to print all his testimony. Mr. Elliott,
with uplifted hand, said that he was willing to
swear to what he had said and to take all re- !
sponsibility, but Mr. Payne retorted that this
made no difference; the committee did not in
tend to assume responsibility for it.
Mr. Faulkner read a letter which Charles
Foster. Secretary of the Treasury, had written
to the Secretary of State. John W. Foster, con
cerning a report Elliott had made as a govern
ment agent about sealing at a time when th«
sealing question threatened to involve this
country and Great Britain In difficulties. The
Secretary of the Treasury never made the re
port public. The reasons why he did not do
so he gave to the Secretary of State in this
letter. He paid he had reason to believe that
the statements of fact were Inaccurate and the
conclusions colored by Elliott's connection with
"other Interests." Later investigations, the Sec
letary of the Treasury said, confirmed this opin
At the time Vice- President Fairbanks, then
Senator, was at the head of the Joint high
commission which undertook, with Great Brit
ain, to' deal with the sealing problem, the Sen
ator appealed to the State Department. Mr.
Faulkner said the correspondence would show,
not to send Elliott to make an examination of
sealing. Senator Fairbanks is quoted as saying
that Elliott was "impossible" and "unfit- for the
! work.
Mr Faulkner said that neither the North Ameri
can Commercial Company nor Its stockholders
or officers were connected with the Interests As
sistant Secretary Pelrc* had represented for pay
at the Hague Tribunal.
In the afternoon Elliott had an opportunity to
reply. He read extensively from correspondence,
and commented thereon. After slurring scores
of governmental officials. Chairman Payne sug
gested that he limit himself to reading only the
letters. Then Elliott openly charged Blalne
and Secretary Charles Foster with having been
In conspiracy with Senator Klklns to carry on
pelagic sealing.
"These are vile falsehood*." declared General
Orosvenur. rising wrathfully from his chair.
"It is an outrage so unjustly to attack the
memory of our dead statesmen."- said Mr Dal-
Chairman Payne declared that such state
ments should not go down In history through
his committee, and told Elliott in plain words
j that If he wished to be heard further he must
I limit himself to the correspondence on the sub
The committee adjourned without taking any
action on the resolution under consideration,
which makes further provisions for the care of
the herd.
Alleged lobbying by Naval Officers Resented
in the Senate.
Washington, Jan. 25.— Ass»rrin« that the line
officer" of the navy had made the challenge. "We
are going to llsrht a tire under every Senator and
member and oblige them to report the Naval Per
sonnel till." Mr. Hale, of Maine, to-day presented
a resolution In the Senate directing the Secretary
of the Navy to Investigate and report to Congress
whether or not the President's orders prohibiting
tobb] Ing on the part of government employes are
being violated. The resolution set forth that an
xKKOctntlon or combination of naval officers, In
cluding midshipmen at the Naval Academy, had
been formed to bring all possible Influence to he.
on Senators and members In behalf of the Per
sonnel bill at thin session. It recites the President
order of January 31. 1902. prohibiting government
employes from lobbying, and also certain naval
regulations to the same effect. The alleged propa
ganda of the officers, urging the writing of letters
to Senators and members in order to get a -tion at
this session on the hill. Is also cited at length.
Mr. Hale said that he. ns chairman of the Naval
Committee, was being deluged with letters carrying
out the design Indicated. He believed the campaign
was being conducted by the younger line officers
of the navy, and not the older offli-ers.
Senator Galltnger. also a member of the Naval
Commit toe. said he was not being overlooked in
the matter of pressure.
Mr. Bacon opposed the resolution as a restriction
on the right of petition. He had the same criticism
to make us to the executive orders referred to.
"It does not sound like the twentieth century to
me," exclaimed Mr. Bacon, "these arbitrary or
ders of the President. It has too much the sound
of autocratic or unrestrained rule issued to hire
lings and not freemen." Mr. Bacon maintained
that th«» executive orders referred to affected tiie
fundamental right of SOO.oro persona. On Mr.
Bacon's objection the resolution went over under
the rules until to-morrow.
The Urgent Deficiency Appropriation bill, carry
ing $279,000, as It came from the House and author
izing by a Senate amendment a loan of $1,000,000
to the Jamestown Exposition Company, was passed.
The latter part of the day was devoted to pension
Resolution Introduced in Texan House Se-
j verely Scores Attar on Legislators.
| (By Telegraph to Th* Tribune. I
/ Austin. Tex.. Jan. • 25. —A resolution was intro
| duce'd in the House to-day by Mr. Williamson, and
' made a special order for next Monday, as follows:
Whereas it appears from a Washington special of
January 23 that some of Hearst's scurrilous minions
-and character asnasslis have attempted to defame
the Legislature of Texas In innuendo with bribery
I in supporting and vindicating Senator Bailey:
' Resolved, That any Imputation that the legto-
I lators who voted for Senator Bailey were Influenced
i by wine, -women and money Is Infamous: that the
' author of any such allegation Is a malicious de
| famer and a disgrace to human kind. '
fh the Bailey Investigation Judge ■ Johnson, of
the Waters-Pierce company, testified that Bailey
obtained a loan from H. C.- Pierce, president of
t&e. company. In St. Louis, and that Bailey, noting
for : Pierce, then returned to Texas on . business
coim*o'.*d wit* th* readroUalon of th* -"^gTfinjr *•
UU* state.
China Adopts Policy of Life Tenure
for Ministers.
[Tram The Trlfeuae Bureau. 1
Washington. Jan. 25.— 1n contradiction of a
generally circulated report that there would be
a new Chinese Minister to this country seme
time soon, it was learned to-day that there Ht
no probability that Sir Chentung Liang-Cheng
will be recalled this year or at any time. If he
chooses to remain in Washington
In the face of China's custom of changing
ministers every three years, this statement
comes aa a surprise and reveals a new policy
which the Peking government has Just adopted.
Sir Liang, through his secretary, explains that
his government has Just adopted the policy of
life tenure for those of its diplomats who renter
satisfactory service.
The minister will see no one at present, be
cause his mother haa been dead only three
months, and. according to the custom of hie
race, he is in seclusion. His secretary says
that Immediately on the death of the diplomat's
mother his resignation was prepared and would
have been tendered except for a special dis
pensation on the part of the Emperor. This,
too. Is an Oriental custom which can be over
looked only with the ruler's permission, for If
the death of a parent of any official occurs that
official resigns and goes into retirement. Except
for the special edict of the Emperor. Minister
Liang would have retired three months ago.
The belief that he would retire before the end
of the year is still held because of the policy
that China has always followed of keeping a
minister at a post for a limited period, and the
fact that Minister Liang's ordinary term would
end this year. This rule has been adhered to in
the Chinese Foreign Office with few exceptions,
the one notable breach being in the case of Wu
Ting-fang, who immediately preceded the pres
ent minister at Washington. Aside from the
great popularity of Minister Wu. It was ex
plained that the Boxer outbreak came at the
<»nd of his three years' term, and that the home
government was so busy that he was overlooked
and allowed to remain an additional two years.
A regulation has been adopted by the Foreign
Office of China providing that men in the diplo
matic service shall, under normal conditions, re
tain their posts for life This regulation has
been duly concurred in by the proper author
ities, and it only awaits the signature of the
Emperor. The secretary of the legation smiled
when it was suggested that the Emperor might
disapprove tt. and said that the regulation was
practically a law already.
This government has the utmost respect for
Sir Liang, and has expressed approval of his
course on a number of occasions. He was edu
cated In America and understands the people
and customs here as though he were native
Immigration Officials Watching for Con
tract Laborers.
Washington. .l.in. 25.— A long report has been re
cetvnd by Immigration Commissioner Sargent firm
Commissioner North, at San Francisco, regarding
the 434 Japanese Immigrants who arrived there on
trie steamer Korea from Honolulu. It disclosed,
among other things, that a number of the immi
grants were those who originally had gone to Ha
waii as a result of the work of the immigration
societies in Japan. When evidence is obtained to
the effect that such is the case the Immigrant* are
not allowed to land. Further Information bearing
on the arrivals on the Korea Is awaited by mo im
migration office here.
The dispatch of Commissioner North shows that !
of the Japanese aboard the ship 160 had left Japan
as late as December, and 36* of them had depart
from that country for Hawaii In 1905. The com
missioner had. a careful examination made of sev
enteen whose cases he though* should be looked
Into particularly, and thirteen of them were found
to be contract laborers. One hundred and sixty
two of the Japanese said they wero going to work
for a railroad, but on being pressed to state spe
cifically what road they were unable tr» say.
The recent arrivals, the commissioner says, are
such as have received guarantees of work In Ha
waii for from one year to three years from the
immigration societies In Japan. On arrival at
Honolulu they .ire met by labor agents from the
mainland, who offer them higher wages than were i
promised, and they come to San Francisco. '
The officials of the Bureau of Immigration will
keep a close watch on the movements of the immi
grants whose statements Indicate that they are
contract laborers. If it is found that they entered
into a contract prior to going to Hawaii steps will
be taken to deport them under the Contract Labor
law. Like vigilance will be exercised In the cases
of the Japanese Immigrants who came on the Ala- ,
mcdii. mid whose statements to the immigration
officer* gave rise to the suspicion that they may
have roan under contract. Ther» were thirty or j
more of these cases.
Metz Wants Municipal Garage Under Brook
lyn End of Old Bridge.
The expenditure of $3,000,000 for repaying In the !
five boroughs wns authorized by the Board of Esti- j
mate yesterday, as follows: Manhattan. J1.00O.00O; j
Brooklyn. $1,000,000; The Bronx. $3S>.ooi»; Queens. 1
££».«»: Richmond. J3OO.O*K». •
Borough President CoUr wanted the Controller
to Investigate the entire q\«est!on of street savins |
in all the boroughs, but the request was not taken
j seriously by the board and was rot considered.
Controller M.t.i submitted a report "ii the easts- .
tlon of having a municipal garage for ttie city's
1 automobiles, lie recommends that the yard un-.ler
i the Brooklyn Bridge in Brooklyn be used for such '
, a purpose. :
The Mayor said that uuch a location would not !
I be convenient, certainly, for The Bronx and Rich- :
| mond. and as ;« r>«ult of the objection the report
of the Controller was ordered filed for future con- !
| slderation.
Colonel John F. Y. Blake, who headed the Irish j
■ Brigade In the Boer War and who was found |
! dead In his room in No. JST West 125tl street, will ;
I have a military funeral from the headquarters of j
I the United Irish leagues of America, at No. 241 ,
j West Kth surest. " :- v ' * •
J The United Irish Leagues have asked General j
j Grant, commanding the Department of the East, j
. for a military escort and firing party. Police Com
• missioner Blnghatn. a classmate of Colonel Blake
; at West Point, will supply a detail of roundsmen
for the funeral, and a representation of West
Point cadets will also attend the funeral.
Among the pallbearers will be Allan Sangr»e.
who went through the Boer campaign: O'Connor
, Mclaughlin, a New York newspaper man; Michael
, J. Ryan, president of the United Irish Leagues:
, "Jack" Hlndon. chief of scouts m the Boer War
1 under Colonel Blake: John J. O'Callahan. secretary
of the Irish Leagues; Roderick J. Kennedy. Stephen
McFnrland. Dr. James T. Brennan: P. J. Judge.
of Holyoke. Mass.: Colonel P. J. Serin*, of Haver
hlll. Mass.: John F. Flnnerty. of Chicago. Patrick
Efran and Jof>n J. Joyce.
The burial will be in Woodlawn. The funeral will
. be held to-morrow afternoon.
i Rasjway. N. J.. Jan. 25— E. W. Woodruff, an
eccentric old Quaker living in a hut between
. this city and Wostfteld. was found by his neigh
bors to-day frozen to death. Mr. Woodruff was
nearly seventy years old. . Hi* neighbors missed
| the smolc* from the chimney tad bioks Id tbe
Good reading for men of 42 w chef*
or more.
The overcoats left at $20 or those
reduced from $25 and $28 are largely!
large sizes.
"Regular" coats and tweed trawl
ing- ulsters.
Rogers. Peet k CoM*A3rr.
Thr©« Broadway Store*.
an 842 IMB
at m . •«
Warren si. 13th SJL . 33nd <ah
DnLMU Health Food Co.. 61 3th Av.N.Y.
Some unprincipled bakers attached pi IITII
the word to their harmful »tuff hi U I U"
and we rechrlstened our superior
Dread CAP
81 Mt. Prospect V . Newark. OfW
Art Exhibitions and Sales.
This (Saturday) afternoon
at 3 o'Clock
Unrestricted Public Sale
By Order of
The Japanese Connoisseur
Chinese Porcelains
Han and Yuan Pottery
Imperial Chinese Rugs
An Interesting Stone
Ancient Bronze Fountains
Extraordinary Specimens of
Ancient Armor
Wood Carvings from Old
Palaces and Temples
Th- sale will W eondnrtrd by
American Art Association, Managers,
sn2riG3n nn flsSouu liuui., iridiiacordi
« East 33d St.. Madison Square Smth.
Mr. Jerome Back lake. Aid in Stamford—
Had Grieved Over Mother's Sickness
Stamford. Conn.. Jan. 36— woman, who gave.
her name as Mrs. Jerome Buck, appeared at tn»
home of the Rev. Ignatius KruyansW to-day and
asked for shelter and assistance. The clergrgSß*
loo* her In. but later had ncr removed to ajSMSS
toriuni. an she was In a highly nervous condition
Whe-i --he became calmer she said that pn» awl
been r'vlfig at Shevpshead Bay with her two cnU
rtr*Ti and other relatives. She said she had been
■ w;iv from home for three, days, but could not say
where All she remembered was that she wanes
and rode, grieving nil the time for her dead mother.
A brother of Mrs. Buck. W. A. Edwards, of,
Yonkere. was told of bis sister's trouble, and »aid
he would com* at once for her. At the home oi
Mr Edwards it was aald last night that he sat
t>.fn a* Southport. Conn. for a week with sap
mother, who had been very ill. It was said that
his sister. Mm. Buck, was also there, and how ska
came to be In Stamford In the condition reported
the family could not say. They had not heard
from Mr. ' Edwards, but said that Mrs. Buck had
also been 111. and that the nervous strain ever her
mother's condition must have been too much for
her. •• • *
i The Anchor liner Ethiopia, one of the oldest off
; the company's steamers, came into port yesterday
' after an unusually alow voyage of fifteen days from
I Glasgow. Moderate heed seas and westerly wads)
! held her back, and nearly all the Hi Msssaasts
', were seasick. " The Ethiopia, lost one of her life
1 boat« on the voyage. Robert Campbell, the cook.
. died suddenly on the trip and was burled off that
1 Grand Banks. The KthlopU -was live days overdue
: yesterday.

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