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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 02, 1907, Image 6

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Amusements.
ACAJB2MT OF lirsiCV-a-s— Bur
MJiAUlilU — Js Vaudeville.
*BTt>nrS:U>-*il&-aam»?*t the HUH.
?irV^trt. :i!l tr AU - of -«^ u <J<lea Peggy.
fcftOAinVAy— 2:1O— «:io— The Parisian 2lods!
CAKNEXIIE HXVI^~2:9O-H:iR-^o a tntT^'
CAKINo — 2:16— *:15 — The White llea
CGLONIAI,— 3— « — Vaudeville.
CRITEIUON— 2:15— TMtooad Mas.
X>ALY't» — 2:U — *> 16 — The licUa of alaytalr
ECES MUPEE— The World ie Wax
EMPIRE— 2:20— Captain Jinks.
OAIU'JCK— 2-^V-S:3o— la tts Bain.
JIACKETT— 2 :2ft— B:Bo— The Chorus Lady.
SIAMUERHTCIX'S VlCTOlUA— 2:l6— t>:lS— VauaevlUe.
ZIERAU> SQUARE— 2— «:I»—Tfc« Road to Teittrday.
Kll'J-"l>RuMZ— Daughter and Pioneer
pays.
Tn7I>SOS— 6:IS— Brewster 1 * Millions.
»VIN<I PLACE— 2— B Klein iJorrlt.
ICNICKERBOCKEn— S:1S The Red Mill.
XJBEnTT— 2:l*— 8:1&— Salomy Jane
LINCOLN SQUARE— 2:lß— Charley's Aunt.
X.TCEUM— 2:I6—B:I8 — The Lion and the Mouse.
.YRIC— — (S'Arc. — Hamlet.
stAHIgOX RQTAHE- 2:1&— Three Of U*.
MADISON SQUARE GARDEN— IO a. m. to 11 P. m—
t*'ir v *men'» Show.
sIAJKHTir— *• :IS— On Parole.
MANHATTAN era HOUSE— 2:lß— Ball© la Msscbaia.
— *■ — Grand Triple Bill.
METROPOLITAN OPFRA HOUSE— Manon I^eecaut.—
K — Madnma Butterfly.
VVr\\- AM-^TERDAJI— B— B Peer Oynt.
T-'FTT YORK— 3— 6:I5 — Oeorse Washington, Jr.
PRINCESS— 2:2O— fi:2(V— The Great Divide.
FAVOY— 2:I8 — B:ls The Man of the Hour.
IT. NICHOLAS RINK — Three aestlona.
TELHARMONIC HALL— 2—6— Electric Music.
TTALLACK'P 2:15— 8:15— The Rich Mr. HORKenheliner.
WKBER'fi- 2— — City and Th« Ma«lo Knight.
Index to AdvertisemenU.
Face- Col.] Pas*. 00l-
ABMse«n«Bts 6 6-6' ram. Rooms to tier. . . » 8
■Ankara & Broken.. l 4 1 ! Pure Mouse* to Let.
Bonn! and Kooma... * S Country 16 8
Book* * Publications C « Help Wanted IS 4
Carpet CetslDf • 6\ljoi& 9 *
City Hoteia IS 6 Marriages and D«*tb* 7 &-«
Oour.tr>- Prop, to Let. l 4 6 Ooeaa Steamers 0 4
Osprtaersrilp aotlces.U ©'Proposals 8 4
teaks ft Omee Furu.lß 4'Publlo Notice* 16 A
Dividend Notlova 13 6 Railroads » A
Bern. Sitt. \V«uu»3..l3 «-7 > K«tl Estate 16 &
' >raeanialiliig 6 4 Real Kst. Wanted... .l 6 8
DryrooOa ....» S-7 Religious SoUoea. 12 4-0
Section Notice .....13 A Special Notloes 7 «
JStasiloj. Agendas. . . 9 ft Steamboats & 8
; Reunions ..........12 ft ' Surrogate's Notices . .12 6
luropaan Ads ....11 BTo bet for Business
Inanclal 14 <fV-C Purposes 10 6
Financial 15 2-6 Trib. Bub. Rates 7 6
Financial Meetings ..IB 6 Trust Companies IS &-A
i"or Saia IS 4 Typewriters 18 4
J>areisa Resort* U S-A' Unfur. Apart*, to Lat.lA &
"ur. Ararta. to L«t.lO 8 winter Resort*. 19 0
•oralshea AparU. Work Wanted 13 4-4
Wanted 14 Rj
Xt&Qwk&ttilxL Snimra
BATUKDAT. MARCH 2. 1907.
TEE KEWS THIS UORXIXQ.
CONGRESS-— The Denatured Alcohol
till was passed and several conference reports
were adopted. - House: The Ship Subsidy
bill was passed by a vote or 155 to 144. after
having bees defeated on the first roll call; the
General Deficiency Appropriation bill also was
passed. .
DOMESTIC:— State Treasurer Hauser, at Al
bany, announced that he might raise the rate
of Interest on state deposits. ===== The funeral
of Assemblyman Jean 1— Burnett was held at
Canandaiffua. X. V.; a party of one hundred.
Including Governor Hughes and Lieutenant
Governor Chanler, attended the service, from
Albany. ■ : The Young Men's Christian As
sociation Building at Utica, X. V., was burned,
with the loss of $175,000. == It was stated
by Chief Wilkie. in Chicago, that If the money
missing from the sub-treasury has already
been deposited In other banks it probably will
not be found, as the numbers of the bills are
not known. :,. Many persons were reported
hurt in the wreck of a Santa Fa passenger
train, which struck an open switch and was
In collision with another train near Colton.
Cal. t- It was reported in Little Rock, Ark.,
that a tornado had almost entirely destroyed
the town of Washington, in that state, killing
two Xegroes and injuring several other per
sons. : A bill of equity was asked at Con
cord, X. H., by the son. granddaughter and
nephew of Mrs. Mary Baker G. Eddy for an
accounting of her financial affair*. . It
was reported in Baltimore that at a meeting of
the Trunk Line Association in New York a
law days ago an advance in freight rates was
under consideration.
FC REIGN.— Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
has published an article giving his reasons
against objections to discussing the question
of limitation of armaments at the next peace
conference. =^= A /dispatch from Berlin said
that neither Germany nor any other power was
likely to oppose Great Britain's desire for a dls
cu&sion of limitation of armaments at the Hague
confoionce. Russian troops evacuated
Tsi'.clhar, and a Chinese garrison is on the way
to the city. =z^t=z Five Constitutional Democrats
and one radical were returned to the Russian
parliament from St. Petersburg. = A num
ber of changes have been made in the Trans
vaal Cabinet which will ba sworn In on March 4:
General Botha remains Premier. -, . ■ -■ The
Japanese converted loan of $115,000,000 is ex
pected to be issued In London and Paris within
two weeks. ■ Raisull. according to a dis
patch from Tangier. Is believed to be surround
ed by government troops, and an attack on the
tribe which Is sheltering him may begin to
day.
ClTY.— Stock* were irregular, : " . — District
Attorney Jerome forced Dr. Britton D. Evans,
the alienist for the defence, to admit that
Harry K. Thaw had shown signs of paranoiacal
J^isanitJV i • - A bursting flywheel at the
Hotel Knickerbocker did considerable damage,
hurt one man and threw the guests into a
panio. ■ Governor Hughes spoke at the
Cornell and Bt. David's Society dinners. =====
President Wilson of Princeton spoke on "Con
stitutional Government in the United States"
at Columbia. -. — Henry Clews, in a speech
before the People's Institute, strongly opposed
oil agitation for socialism in this country. ■ i
J. P. Morgan & Co. bought large amounts of
the notes of the Atlantic Coast Line and of the
ZxralsvUle A Nashville. vi i Borough Presi
dent Co-let's Ice plant scheme was vetoed by
the Board of Estimate. : j The Brooklyn
Rapid Transit system decided that each com
ponent corporation should hereafter operate Its
own ears. s=r=s George yon L. Meyer, former
Ambassador to Russia, arrived from abroad.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Bain and wanner. The temperature yesterday:
Highest. 23 degrees; lowest. 25.
TSB WEST AND THE LAND LAWS.
In an article In the current Issue of "Collier's
Weekly" Senator Francis G. Newlands makes
•acne sensible eagr"*tlons regarding legislation
for tbe protection of the public domain. Mr.
Newlands represents one of the Rocky Mountain
States, spans In population and having a vast
aadereloped area. Be might bo supposed to
•ympathlse with the protest made by that ele
ment In the Rocky Mountain section which hun-
Sera for the development of local resources and
is res fly to welcome development at any price.
There Is undoubtedly In states like Montwnn,
Idaho, Wyoming and Utah a seatlmcat hostile
to the President's policy of reserving lares
tracts from entry and preservlss the lumber,
«oal and mineral resources of inch areas for
the use and benefit of the whole nation. Tho
people of those states are Inclined to take a oar
foww tad less uTiMHkh view of the public land
fwtiTsni They want to subordinate future to
present needs, and do net greatly cave what be
cases of Cne resources now owned by Che gov*
exaaossßt If only they are quickly conveyed to
private owners and exploited for the benefit of
tbe present generation. They want to be able
to lay tares on thaw lands and to Induce cap
italists to open them up, thereby KtimrrTntlns
local values and local progress
Mr. Rowlands is broader minded 'than most
of hie Cocky Mountain colleagues In that he
eees the one-sidedness of this policy. He does
not believe In legislating for the present &nd
Ignoring the future. Nor does ho believe that
Che Interests of the present scanty population of
the Rocky Mountain states are the only inter
ests to be considered In dealing with the public
land Question. Mr. Rowlands was one of the
moat active promoters of legislation for Che
redaartlcn of Che Grid West, and die beneficent
aUelsmstloß act la a monument In part to hie
persistent labors. In urging that legislation he
smpealed on broadly national grounds for the
aflmpott of the Bast, and he received that sup
port eventually on the theory that the reclama
tion of the Western desert by Irrigation was a
project which, though It could not benefit the
Bast tmaisfllstely or directly, would benefit It
infllrecily end ultimately by strengthening the
* k ; )•
cation and enlarging its productive resources.
Similarly, enlightened Westerners like Mr. New
lands now realize that the West Ebould not pur
■u* a i/^ v vi i»*»^»fiii|g {■>+ i.i^y.i.iui^. oi t-ftt -ft
public domain which might prove of temporary
advantage locally but would entail a stupendous
■acrince of the nation's future Interests.
The Senator from Nevada heartily approves
in Its main lines the President's plan of protect
ing the remaining public domain against hasty
and improvident alienation. He can see, how
over, the sigulflrauee of the local irritation at
what Senators from the mountain states call
"the creation of a bureaucracy of scientists, the
"orlsts and visionaries who will tie up Western
"development" His idea is thnt just as It was
necessary four years ago to unite the East and
the West to secure irrigation, it is necessary now
to unite the East and the West to secure a ra
tional amendment of the public land laws. He
favors a movement to bring the people of the
West and their representatives to a thorough
understanding and to the preparation of a land
law reform measure which will reflect the West's
sober and deliberate judgment. Tlien the East,
which baa no public domain problem of its own,
can probably be induced to accept a reasonable
compromise. We think that the sentiment of
the West, if crystallized, would fall to sustain
the extreme position taken by some of its spokes
men in Congress, and would agree with Mr.
Newlands that President Roosevelt's policy U in
the main best calculated tn conserve both local
and national interests.
THE CITIES CHAIRMANSHIP.
The lamented death of Assemblyman Burnett
places upon Speaker Wadsworth the duty of
naming a new ehairmau of the Assembly Cities
Committee, and it wuuld be a gracious and
wise action on his part to placo in charge of
legislation which predominantly relates to the
city of Now York a member Cram the most im
portant l>orough In this city.
In Assemblyman Prentice this community has
a representative thoroughly ntted by character,
experience and legislative rank for this post.
He is Identified with all that is best In Repub
lican politics and Las taken an active part in
the promotion of reform legislation. He is in
sympathy with the Governor's progressive pol
icy and has the confidence of Chairman Par
sons and the local organization. He is free
from every suspicion of obligation to special
Interests, and his appointment as chairman of
the Cities Committee would be universally ac
cepted as a guarantee that the public service
corpora of this city would not dictate the
legislation which is to be passed concerning
them. Such a guarantee Ls particularly Impor
tant at this time, when such radical amend
ments to the law concerning public service are
in contemplation. Under his chairmanship no
band of police eorruptionists could block re
forms, and remedial measures respecting our
city government would hare a square deal.
Mr. Prentice has already had extended service
in the Cities Committee and is, we believe. its
senior member from Manhattan. The metropo
lis has long contemplated with impatience the
legislative precedence which has put rural
members in command of New York City legisla
tion, and when tills county has a man bo well
equipped as Mr. Prentice it should make Its
Influence strongly felt to prevent the vacant
chairmanship from going to the representative
of some other community.
DIBAMMAMBVT.
Decidedly the most practical step thus far
taken by any nation toward a reduction or lim
itation of armaments is that which lias just been
taken by the British government. In tha year's
naval estimates the First Lord of the Admiralty
asked f<»r an appropriation for the building of
three new battleships of the Dreadnought class,
but added that if satisfactory agreement* for
limitation of armaments could be reached with
the other great naval powers at The Hague the
government would omit one of the three and
content Itself with two new 6hij*j. That may
not be regarded by extremists as meaning much,
since in any case Great Britain is to go on in
creasing her navy ; but in fact it does mean
much. It is v good deal for that kingdom to
offer to reduce its naval construction programme
by one-third. It is a great deal for It to offer
to modify Its domestic policy us a result of in
ternational agreement.
The incident establishes the good faith of
Great Britain in asking that the question of
limitation of armament b nhail be considered at
The Hague, and it will probably encourage other
nations to align themselves with the. United
Kingdom. It is understood that Italy and
Spain, whose relations with England are close
and sympathetic, are joined with her in the re
quest, and would be glud to see some practical
disarmament scheme not only discussed, but also
actually adopted. France and Russia are quite
willing to hay« the subject Introduced and de
bated, but have no faith that any conclusion will
be reached, if, Indeed, they desire it to be
reached at this time. As for Germany and Aus
tria-Hungary, they are said to be, ua they have
been from the tirst, resolutely opposed not only
to any actual measure of disarmament, but even
to any discussion of the subject at The Hague
In the most purely academic way.
The result promises to be., therefore, that the
subject will be Introduced and discussed at The
Hague, but that nothing practical will be done
beyond discussion and the elucidation which dis
cussion may elicit In that, however, there will
be something gained. It will be of Interest and
value to know, for example, on what terms lim
itation of armaments would be agreed to by the
powers which advocate it; what stipulations by
other powers, for example, would be necessary to
induce Great Britain to build only two Dread
noughts Instead of three. We can scarcely sup
pose Great Britain would agree to any arrange
ment which would imperil her dominance at
sea or would permit others materially to gain
on her in the race for naval supremacy ; nor, on
the other hand, can we suppose that a power
which has deliberately set out to rival Great
Britain's strength at sea would agree to abandon
that aim and to concede to Great Britain per
petual predominance. For such reasons, how*
ever, much we may welcome consideration of the
subject, we cannot feel particularly hopeful that
any definite plan of reducing or limiting arma
ments will be adopted at The Hague.
BLACKMAIL.
When Judge C Sullivan, of the General See*
dons, sentenced two Italian extortioners the
other day he complained of the mildness of the
present laws against blackmail and extortloa
In saying this he expressed the sentiment not
only of a large part of the bench and bar, but
also of many laymen.
The ravages of the Black Hand In New York
dty during tha last few years have been so
extensive and flagrant that we might easily
Imagine Manhattan to be a magnified mediaeval
town of Italy. The police have struggled with
the evil; jet, in spite of the excellent work of
Petroslno, the mainstream of vlllanles has not
yet been even slightly checked. It is no ex
aggeration to say that the Italian population
to a great extent lives hi a constant state of
subdued terror, and with good reason. The
number of extortioners must be very large;
hardly a day passes without some new mis
deed at their bands. And their desperation is
extreme; they have no scruples against burn
tog a whole tenement In order to threaten one
man In it
Yet the extreme penally for pursuing tills
profession is five years' imprisonment And for
the first conviction an indeterminate sentence
is required, which means that a clever scoun
drel may earn a comfortable living by squeez
ing money from the timorous and letting the
proceeds earn dividends during his occasional
enforced vacations Some judges believe that
a maximum tirt" v»* of twenty years would
be more nearly the just reward of the extor
tioner and might dampen his enthusiasm for his
2raW-YOK£ -DATTrr TRTPrNT!. SATrTTDAT. 3MSECE 2, 1907/
peculiar character of the crime, this opinion
finds ready confirmation.
The offence Is despicable in all its forms, but
a serious menace to society when perpetrated
according to Black Hand methods. Tbe old
Anglo-Saxon game of levying blackmail by
threatening to expose shady spots In the vic
tim's character or career is contemptible enough,
but hardly a social menace. The Italian extor
tioner, though, does not hesitate to murder
whole families or poison entire communities hi
order to secure a few hundred dollars from
some oue man. Furthermore, he preys upon
poor laborers, stripping them of their last pen
nies; within the last year hundreds of ignorant,
timorous Italian worklngmen in certain coun
ties of Xew York and Pennsylvania have been
systematically pauperized by the parasite. No
body knows how many have been plundered
during this period in Xew York City. Probably
not one case in ten becomes public. It has been
said that nearly every gang of laborers has its
extortioner.
In this form blackmail Is an offence against
society as much as against individuals. It
therefore merits doubly drastic punishment. We
doubt very much whether blackmailers should
enjoy the privilege of an Indeterminate sen
tence. The purpose of such a sentence is to
prlvo the offender some motive to reform, but
the blackmailer is not the man to benefit by
this opportunity. Those who have done wrong 1
through Ignorance, carelessness, great provo
cation or quick temper are often truly bettered
by making the most of thoir Indeterminate sen
tence. But the extortioner is a wholly differ
ent type, deliberately plotting against bis fel
low citizens and monstrously inhuman In hlg
disregard for the suffering his acts entail.
There is nothing weak or impulsive iv his
nature; it Is one of cunning, brutality and
cowardice. He deserves no mercy at the linn* ls
of society. If he gats his dues, his sentence
i*-11l surely be more than five years.
THE TWO-CEXT FARE CRUSADE.
Dispatches from Chicago say thnt Western
railroads have agreed to fight the two-cent fare
laws now being passed by many state legisla
tures on tho ground thut they are confiscatory.
Figures to show that passenger trains could
be operated only at a loss with a maximum rate
of two cents have been presented by the rail
roads to tho legislatures of Western States,
but without effect, the answer always beiug
that the people demand a two-cent rate and
the legislatures can do nothing else but Impose
one. How strong the legislators feel this pop
ular demand to be la shown by the unanimous
passage of the law by both the lowa Assembly
uud Senate. But the case for tho two-cent fare
Is by no means so convincing that there would
be unanimity in any legislative body for it
except for the prevailing feeling that private
Judgment must yield to the popular will— or
what is supposed to bo the popular will. Most
leurLslators have been less frank than Senator
Methuddy, who explained In the Missouri Sen
ate that he voted for the two-cent bill against
his Judgment as a lawyer, and that he bei.jved
It to be conflscatory and unconstitutional.
Many colleagues shared his views, be said, but
they all vot»-d fur It
Undoubtedly many legislators In other states
voted for the two-cent rate in the same frame
of mind. "The Kansas City Journal" says that
"all the testimony taken by the legislative com
"mlttee showed that the railroads in the West
"are carrying passengers at a loss at three cents
"a mile." Tho State Railroad Commission of
Wisconsin declined to reduce rates below 2'i
cents a mile, on the ground that it would be
contisoation. Hut the legislators apparently
feel that it is all bookkeeping, and that If
passenger traiiie at two cents docs not pay
passeuger trafllc is only a small part of a rail
road's business, anyway, uml the railroad can
make up any passenger loss on its freight
traffic.
In Pennsylvania there is the same demand
for a maximum rato of two cents under con
ditions much fairer to the railroads. The Head
ing Railway acknowledges that only about IT
par cent of its passenger traffic pays more than
two cents. The Pennsylvania carries only 27%
per cent at iuure than two cents, while It
transports 40 N per cent at less than that rate.
Vice-Presldent Thayer of the I'eiiusylvuala told
the Senate Committee that there was & profit
to the Pennsylvania iv carrying passengers at
two cents a mile. In the parts of the state
where more than two cents a mile is charg.nl
It is said to be uuprotitublo, on account «>f
sparse population, to carry passengers at two
cents. If the bill becomes a law, Mr. Thayer
says that the company must necessarily read-
Just the fares which aro now Icrh than two
cents. Commutation rates will have to be ad
vanced, he maintains, to make that traffic pay
what is lost on passunger carrying in tho
Rpursely settled districts. Ho says that thia
has been the result of tho two-cent fare law
passed in Ohio last year. We have no means
of knowing whether or not commutation rates
hare been raised in Ohio, but there Is an ante
cedent probability that tn the more populous
states where there are already rate* less than
two cents a mile railroads will make up for
their losses through arbitrary reductions by
raising their lower rates. Thus again the ef
fect of the two-cent legislation i« tt) make on*
part of tbe traffic pay for the losses, If there nre
any, on another. In the less populous suites
the freights may have to pay for the passen
gers; in the more populous states the commut
ers may have to pay more thut the farmers
may pay less.
If this Is the way the popular two-cent rate
laws are going to work out we do not see how
there will be any gain to the people, it is not
in accordance with business principles to make
the freight traffic pay for the passenger. In
the more populous states it is shown that the
railroads, left to themselves, carry people for
less than two cents a mile where It pays to
do so, and charge more than two cents only
on the less profitable traffic Business sense
without legislative Interference has here worked
out fair and reasonable results.
The railroads have hurt their own case some
what by the issue of one-thousand mile books
for $20. They have done this even In tho West,
where the prevailing rate Is three emits a mi He.
It was popularly concluded at once that If they
could afford to do this they could afford to carry
everybody for two cents a mile. In the West,
moreover, the books aroused prejudice. They
were said to effect a discrimination. The man
who could afford to buy a mileage book trav
elled for two cents, while the poor man had
to pay three The books undoubtedly had
much to do with the present agitation, and they
weaken the case of the railroads against the
law as conflscatory.
WHAT DOES IT.
The superintendent of the Plttsburg Division
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, who wan
on the train which ran off the track Into a
ditch on Thursday, Is quoted us Baying that if
the train had happened to take a slightly differ
ent course after leaving the rails "It would
have gone over a fifty-foot embankment" That
Is equivalent to acknowledging that no credit
Is due to the railroad management in this par
ticular case for the avoidance of another dread
ful disaster. There is no means of knowing
what the higher authorities In the railroad
world are saying among themselves about the
causes of the present epidemic of railroad disas
ters and the measures which must be taken to
end It We have no doubt however, that they
aro anxiously discussing the question, with a
vivid realization of the fact that they are, as
a class, discredited all over the world by the
melancholy record of the last six months.
It would seem that there must be some gen
erally operative cause underlying the superfi
cial facts revealed In individual instances to
account; la great m«a«a» ** least; fox aa ev«T
lengthening roll of so-called accidents. Is It
a weakening' of the sens* of responsibility, a
progressive demoralisation of the human agents
employed In tbe railroad business? If so,
whence does It proceed, and how is It to be
checked? There Is need of a concerted effort
to discover the true explanation and apply the
proper remedy.
The lower branch of the Pennsylvania Legis
lature has voted unanimously to repeal the
famous Salua-Grady anti-cartoon and press
muzzier measure. The law was passed In 1003
only to meet the personal wishes of Governor
Pennypacker, and. like most experiments to re
strain public criticism, proved absolutely abor
tive. Its repeal will mark a return to long
established principles.
An Ohio man has Just received a court
award of $101 to compensate him for the loss of
luxuriant whiskers, which were prematurely re
moved by a gas explosion. We have heard of
men earning their living by the sweat of their
brows, but never of one winning bread by the
etubble of his chin. A revival of the mutton
chop and Father Time face ornaments must
now be expected, even in tho teeth of opposition
and prejudice.
The report from Harvard that a tennis player
Is to act as the coach of the Harvard football
team suggests a happy compromise. If the splen
did moral qualities of tennis can be engrafted by
the coach upon football, all will be well, and tho
fate of football need never more "tremble in tho
balance."
The proposed reduction of the mileage of mem
bers of Congress from ten cents to eight cents
a mile Is in line with modern tendencies. With
two-cent passenger rates In force on the great
railroad systems, it is an anachronism to give
a Senator or Representative the old-fashioned
stage coach travelling allowance.
Kentucky Is fast becoming a prohibition state.
Ninety-five of Its lit) counties are now
"dry." The Kentuckians are probably finding
out that It pays much better to make whiskey
and let the people of other states experiment
with its life lengthening or life shortening qual
ities.
The new head of the Interborough road* says
that the surface cars arc so crowded now that it
is Impossible for conductors to collect fares.
That Is pretty nearly true at all hours. It would
not be anywhere near true much of the time if
so many cars were not taken off at the end of
the rush hours aa to crowd those kept running.
Mr. Shonts needs to learn, if he doesn't already
know It, that this practice more than anything
else has provoked bitter complaints against the
management of the surface lines.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
The Rev. Haskett Smith in an article on bath-
Ing in the Dead Sea says: "No sooner has one
plunged into the water than one is whipped off
one's feet and goes bobbing helplessly about like
a wretched cork. In tha effort to regain one's foot
ing and to get back to shore one's feat and shins
are barked by the Jagged Btonas and pebbles, and
when at length one does emerge from its treach
erous bosom, with the lower limbs bleeding and
torn, one becomes aware of a horrible tingling and
burning sensation In eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth,
and almost every pore of the skin, from the brine
and bitumen which have penetrated everywhere.
Unless groat care Is taken the bather In the Dead
Sea Is liable to an eruption, which breaks out all
over his body, and which is commonly known an
tho 'Dead Sea rash,' The best antidote to this is
to hurry across as quickly as possible to the River
Jordan and to take a second plunge therein. The
soft and muddy waters of that sacred but dirty
stream will effectually remove the salt that has
incruated the body."
Th« Stranger— You seen to be applauding a good
deal more than Is necessary, mnUum. Do you be
long to the claque?
The Lady— dear. no. But the yours man
performing 'Amlet Is my first Boor lodger, and
if be* a success l can raise nia rent.— Pick Me Up
The recent long continued snowclad condition has
i afforded opportunity for the development of a new
industry In some suburban districts, where the
streets slope so steeply toward tha railroad as to
moke walking difficult. "The rhlladtflplila. Record"
Bays. At night these streets are the scenes of
much festive coasting, In which hundreds of both
sexes participate. It was reserved for a bright lit
tle Germantown lad to Inaugurate the use of his
long bobsled In carrying commuters down to their
early trains. This he does from 6 to 8 o'clock
every morning. His sled I* constantly patronized
during these hours to Its full capacity. The fare
Is five cents, and his dally earnings recently have
not fallen below $2. Others have taken up his
example on adjoining streets. This novel business
In no way Interferes with the little fellows' school
duties.

Mr. Mlßflt (Havagelyt— I marritjd you was '
there any doddering idiot gone on you?
Mrs. Misfit— was one.
Mr. Miallt— l wish to goodness you'd married !
him! .
Mrs. Misfit— did.— lllustrated Bits.
Animals attend a church service in Peru. Pigs,
goats, cattle and poultry are brought by their
owners to be blessed on All Souls' Day. and the
church Is turned Into a domestic menagerie. The
seats are removed, and the animals can trot about
or lie down where they will. After the ceremony
the livestock is formally handed over to the monks,
who receive little other payment for their services!
enu! y (in draper's shop)— And is this color also
genuine?
Assistant— As genuine as tho roses on your
cheeks, miss. f
Lady— H'ml Show me another one.— Tit-Bits.
By shilling subscriptions the walking stick and
fan which are to be presented to King BSward and
Queen Alexandra whoa they open the South Afri
can exhibition have been purchased, both English
and Dutch having contributed tho money. Tho
stick is of rhinoceros horn, and cam* originally
from an old chief of the Bamangwato Kaffirs, ]
while the fan 1* composed of a magnificent collec- j
tion of ostrich feathers, with handle and arms of J
South African (old. An "A." surmounted by a '
crown, is set In diamonds into the handle, and the '
fan Is contained in a case of South African wood
lined with cedar.
Girl Friend— They are telling the story that when
irr u i :iZnWot^^ other * ri " r
«£££« assrssi hl'lu^rS be^&uft ££
anything sweet on oystsrs.-«hlcasoTTs»wie7 |
A TRIBUTE TO MR. WILLCOX.
From Holland's Letter. Philadelphia Press.
.n^nV'res*;..^^ Y^[ aa/nS'aSce
that of the great nfacWne wi h which the Poi"
New York POStOffiM at Vh, IVnnsv vania t^rmin 1 ,
has been agreed upon and If the House i"",. ti
the Senate bill, that the preliminary- approprTat Kin
to pay for plans and for foundation work wi?l bU
sec v rocs ■
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE AND PENSIONS.
From The Kansas City Star.
A new kind of an honest man has appeared out
In Jewell City, according to "The Rf'puWcan^' He
was drawing a pension, but the Christian Scien
tists havintr convinced him that nothing Is th->
matter with him, he has surrendered his pension
when Christian Science can separata a man from
his pension there must be something. In It.
A CORNER IN ILLNESS.
From The Boston Transcript.
The Trained Nurse Trust, plainly a conspiracy
to raise the price of illness and put it beyond the
reach of the middle class consumer, is being in
cubated In the Pennsylvania Legislature, and
threatens to hatch. A bill has been prepared to
crack its shell. According to that bill, the state
must register all trained nurse*, being at the
same time a rate bill— the measure fixes the min
imum wage at $2S a week. It goes without saying—
or, as the Frenchman said, walks without talking—
that no rebates will be allowed in case or death.
No mention Is made, thus far, of an on ti-ai* i:'.
rafwiittl riklax, though U-*; zha/ cuiue Lu.«x.
About People and Social Incident*.
AT THE WHITE HOL9E.
(Ftem The Tribes* Bweao.]
Washington. March L— The President to-day
promised Representative Calder. of Brooklyn, that
he would issue an order granting Saturday half
holidays to the employe* of all the navy yards.
arsenals and gun factories hi the months of June,
July and August. Congress failed to pass a bill
making provision for these half holidays, and the
President said he would be glad to do by Executive
order what the legislative branch of the govern
ment had not found time to do by enactment.
Secretaries Hitchcock and Shaw to-day attended
their last regular Cabinet meeting before re
tiring from the President's official family. They
will go with the President to the Capitol on
Monday whan he visits his room to sign bills Just
before final adjournment, and until noon of that
day will still be at the heada of their departmenta
Senator Klttredge. of South Dakota, called to talk
with the President about the Copyright bill, which
Congress will not find time to pass. Mr. Klttredge
told the President that So would Introduce the
measure again as soon as the next Congress con
vened.
The President's visiting list Included Senators
Smith and Flint. Representative Hull. Cromer,
Watson. Allen. Landls. McCleary. Roberts. Weeks.
Dawson and Kelfer. and James R. Garfleld, who
will on Monday succeed Secretary Hitchcock at the
head of the Interior Department. Th* Cabinet met
at 11 a. m. and remained to session until 1 p. m.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From The Tribune Bureau.!
Washington. March I.— Baronesa HengelmuUer.
wife of the Ambassador from Austria-Hungary, will
sail for Europe one week from to-day, to remain
abroad until fall. She will be accompanied by he»
<W!ighter. Mila Hengelmttller. The Ambassador
will Ptay some time this spring »t Alken. 8. C
and will sail for Europe in May to spend the sum
mer with his family.
Sefior Don Ramon Plna, th* Minister from Spain,
Is expected to r*ach New York to-morrow. Mme.
Pastor, wife of the charge d'affaires for Spain, has
Issued invitations for a dinner In honor of the new
minister on March 8.
Sefior Luis F. Carbo. Minister from Ecuador, re
ceived a message from President Alfaro this morn
ing bestowing on him the post of temporary Min
ister of Foreign Affairs. The minister will leave
Washington on March 15 In company with William
C Fox v recently appointed American Minister to
Kcuador. Felipe Carbo will serve as charge d'af
faires for the legation in his father's absence. The
minister will leave his family In Washington, and
expects to return here late In the fall.
Roger Sherman Boutell. secretary of the Ameri
can Legation at The Hague, and Mrs. Boute'.l are
the guests of the parents of the former. Repre
sentative and Mrs. Henry Sherman Boutell. at the
Highlands.
The counsellor of the French Embassy and Mme.
des Portes and their daughter. Mile, dcs Portes,
who sailed from Xew York yesterday for France,
will return to this country In Jun».
Ambassador Creel of Mexico to-day confirmed
the dispatch from El Paso. Tex., in which It was
said that his candidacy for tne Governorship of
Chihuahua had been announced. "A number of
my friends wishing me to return to Chihuahua."
he said, "have presented my name for Governor in
the elections which will take place in June. As to
what my action in the matter will be. that will de
pend upon developments. I will serve my country
wherever It is considered that I may be most
useful. It was my Intention to remain In Washing
tor, a long time, as I am pleased with my entire
surroundings, and my Judgment hi that I can best
servo my country here."
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[Firm The Trlbun* Buntu]
Washington. March I— Mr. and Mr*. Payne Whit
ney, who have been the guests of Mrs. Whitney's
mother. Mrs. John Hay. have gone South to spend
several wei
The Secretary of the Treasury and Mrs. Shaw
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
"CITY OF REFUGE" FOB ME. OEEELET.
Where He Sought Shelter in the Stirring
Draft Eiot Days.
To th* Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: "Draft Riot Days," us recalled by the Rev.
Mr. Loux In your l*i>u* of to-day, Is Interesting
reading for those who had any active part in th<*
epochal year* of the Civil War. But that house
In Lamurtine Place from which your correspond
ent tells us Horace Greeley escaped through th»
backyard to Bad safety In that of his father from
the onslaught of the Copperhead mob was not
Mr. Graeley'a residence. It was the domicile of
Mr. and Mrs. Gibbons, both persona of mark In
their generation, he a professional man of literary
and demlurglcal proclivities, and she the daughter
of Isaac T. Hopper, the Philadelphia Quaker phi
lanthropist, in whose footsteps she closely anl
energetically followed. Time and again I enjoyed
its hospitalities, and there met guests of more, or
less celebrity, including that best known American
j editor of bis day. the "Founder of The Tribune."
It was not the tirst time, nor the teat, that th»
! pleasant and restful home of these Friend* in a
: double sens* became a "City of Refuge" for the
j often harassed publicist and writer. The Gibbonsea
; Were only too well known as anti-slavery i.lv >-
[ rates, and i? l rightly recall the relation made to
■ me by the lady herself, the mob was not aware
thai Mr. Greeley was In tltetr bouse at tho time
of the riot. Th© assailants' wrath was directed
against the Qibbonsea themselves, and four.. l vent
tn wrecking the contents of their attractive home.
As an Officer of the sanitary commission ap
polntetl by President Lincoln at the beginning of
the Civil War to complement the appliance* and
in <"ii]»- measure the work of the commissariat anil
the medical department of the army — quite unequal
to their responslbttltle* at the outsat of Urn dread
ful conflict the present writer became familiar with
th« admirable co-operation of Mrs. Gibbons and her
daughter, Mrs. Emerson, in all genuine work of
fl»-l<l and hospital for the relief of the defenders
of the Union; and on o:'^ occasion at least— an J
1 more than on*. If my raomery serves 1 accom
panied one of these ladles, or both, to the front.
Mrs Gibbons, to the end of her long and useful
life, continued to be as a mother in Israel where
charitable service was most needed within her
purview, and Mrs. Emerson stands by her in
norlt»-»l obligations of the like kind and In behalf
of the proper claims of her sex. The writer had
th« pleasure of being in her company on the recent
occasion of the laying of the cornerstone of a
new building for the use of Barnard College.
Now York. Feb. 24. VliC A. J. BLOOR
THE CELEBRATION IN CENTENNIAL YEAR
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: A bets B that there was a great parade on
the night of July 3. 1576. In celebration of th»
one lmmlre.ith year of American Independence, in
New York City. Will you please decide it and tell
where the para.!.- took place? K. WERKIXO.
New York, Feb. a, ram.
A torchlight parade took place in this ctty on
the night of July 3. ISIS, in which twenty-five thou-
Band persona participated. The route of the pro
c<. salon was in Third avenue, the Bowery. Hrnome
street. Broadway. 13th ; Street, Fifth avenue. Broad
way. 34th street. Fifth avenue, 2«sth street. Madi
son avenue. 23d street, and Fourth avenue to Union
Square. It was reviewed tn front of the Fifth
Avenue Hotel by the Mayor and city officials. A
display Of fireworks In Union Square followed the
review at midnight, with music and the ringing of
bells in all parts of the city and salutes at tha
forts In the harbor.
PRONUNCIATION OF STATE NAMES.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In the telegraphic news In yesterday's Trib
une 1 notice the legislative action In Missouri
nettling the question of the proper pronunciation
of the name of the state. Similar action some
years ago In Arkansas determined "Arkansaw" to
be the correct pronunciation there. In an article
In the Sunday Tribune on the names of the states
some weeks ago both pronunciations were given.
Rev. W. R. M'KIM.
Onelda. N. V.. Feb. U. 190?.
A SUGGESTION TO SOCIALISTS.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I was exceedingly Interested In the full re
ports of Mr. Mallock's lectures on socialism, of
which, however. I have managed to see only two.
the other Tribunes having escaped me. I am much
puzzled to know whether the leader* of socialism
have no plan for democratic government in Indus
try, such a* we enjoy In the national government
some general schema of electing superintendents
of factories, etc.— or Is this the chimera of an un
informed person? I cannot but think, tn such a
plan, merit and ability would find their way to the
places of power, as they have In the Instances of a
majority of our President*.
slut It ..*_...«; ail a Uui--- mlad. wiu „=.*_.--. i
were the guests at dinner tn iilglit of Ha, aai M _
John J. Hemphlll.
Major General and Mr*. Wallace F. Random
were hosts at a dinner party *—-■ light
The assistant Secretary of War and at-% cib»
are entertaining Mia, Bowdttch. of Albany v ■ «<».
ter <k Mr*. Oliver.
Mr*. Garret A. Robert's guest* at lunch* a t*
day were Mr*. John M. Harlan, Mm Josep-. M>
Kenna. Mrs. Eugene Hal*. Sirs. Brim Mrs. .- j Ui
C. Burrow*. Mm John C. Bpocner. Mm Nat-.'J. a
Scott. Mrs. Albert J. Hopkins. Mm John F. iw
den. Mr* Morgan O. Bulkeley. Silas Perkins. mv«
Kean, Ml** Mlllard. Mrs. John Tlmmons. Mia. JafeZ
Dalzell, Mrs. John W. Foster, Mrs. Manning 11.-t.
Stanley Matthews. Mrs. John B. Henderson 2
James W. Plnchot, Mm Hugh C. Wattle \r-»
Richardson Clover. Mrs. Edson Bradley. ark
Henry O. Sharp*. Mrs. Joseph C. Hornblower at*
H. V. Butler. Mm A, R. Knser. Mm Sb*\\ 7 *
Cullom. Mr*. Richard Butler and Mm O. A. saw
bart, Jr.
Representative and Mrs. James W. \sWrwort,
will give a hall for their daughter. Mlas Hi=i«»
Wadsworth. on Easter Monday.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Mr. and Mrs. August Belmont. Jr, are isaatvss)
congratulations on the birth of a daughter at - -«&
bouse tn East 34th street. Mm Belmont w*»|Z
fore her marriage Miss Alice de Gotcouria,
Miss Dorothy Snow, daughter of Mr. and Mam
Frederick A. Snow, will be married to-day it.
Mary's Protestant Episcopal Church. Tuxedo «• v-«,
to Harry L Nicholas, son of the late ITaiij j
Nicholas, of this city. Miss Lily tree Page. Mas)
Corlnne Douglas Robinson. Miss Elizabeth Cutting
Miss Annah Dillon Rlpley. Miss Georgette Bes>
land. Miss Dorothy Kane. Miss Lydta Mason Joss*
and Miss Reta Nicholas will be bridesmaids. TTmi*
T. Peters will be the best man and George Pals*
Snow. Lambert Cadwalader. Charles F. Wat****
jr.. Howard Homans, Louis Livingston, Uriel A,
Murdock. jr.. Stewart Waller and Harry B. B*V
11ns. Jr., wil" be the ushers. A special train oa As
Erie will leave hern at V<¥> o'clock this motassj
to carry the guests from this city to the park. Is*
ceremony will ha SaDowod by a reception at tk»
home of the bride's parents.
Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Harriman and the Ml sees
Harrlman left town yesterday for Washington^
and from there they will probably go to Virginia
for a short stay.
The Lenten Sewing Class, which works for 81
Mary's Guild, met yesterday at the home ef Miss
Beatrice Pratt, in West 48th street.
Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney leaves town to-day
for Alken. S. C.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles I* Edey ha.ye returned t»
town from the Adirondack* and are at their house*
tn West 51st street.
Mrs. Paul Morton will give a dinner for the
Chinese Minister. Sir Chentung Liang-Cheng, o*
March IS.
Miss Katharine Barney, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Charles T. Barney, will be married to Court
landt D. Barnes on April 10. at the home of her
parents, tn Park avenue.
Miss Anr.le Kountse. daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Luther Kountz*. has selected April 4 as the date
of her marriage to J. Gordon Douglass. Mlsa 9ybU
Douglass will be the maid of honor. The -wedding
will be> celebrated in St. Thomas's Church, ar.d will
be followed by a reception at the home of Mlas
Kountxe'a parents, in East J7th street.
Mrs. Charles T. Barney will give a dinner an
March 14 at her house. In Park avenue.
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderbllt have re
turned to town from Hyde Park. They expect to
sail for Cms* th.s mouth.
to set* socialism controverted, unless another rem
edy be proposed of better promise.
Christianity and civilization may bo on bettering
the individual, at the am* time that coruUiuoiis
advance* In legislation improve the social body
and give expression and sanction to taa Blow
dictum. "No man llveta to himself alone, and no
■Ban dietft to hims ■:•■•• S. N. CLEGHOaN.
Daytona. Fla.. Feb. 2-4. lfiOfT.
HOMES FOB THE AGED.
Why Should Not Philanthropists TTse Weald
for Them as Well as for Education?
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: 1 have read with gTHtit Interest the article
In your Issue of Sunday, February IT. concerning
our "heartless treatment of the aged." Instance*
have coma to my ■*•! * which have made ma think
much upon the subject, and I have wondered why
In these day of generous giving no one seemed to
remember th-j class of w. v - •■ the writer of that
article speaks.
In every community, especially In large cities,
there are numbers of cultured women, all of when
have been reared In great comfort, many of then*
in affluence, who in old age find themselves.
through do fault of their own. without means of
support, and their self-respect, or pride, if you will.
makes them shrink from dependence or even asking
help, and they suiter greatly.
Some have, perhaps, a little Income, to which a
small added annuity would make all th» difference)
between i-arklng cure and cheerful comfort. WouM
not some of our philanthropists" milli' na be as well
spent in building and endowing a home or. perhaps,
better still. establishing a fund for the "old folks.'
as in building libraries and endowing colleges? Z
do not undervalue education, but the needs ot the
body are tirst to b* considered, especially for til*
aged.
Cannot The Tribune start the ball a-rrulln^T
JANE A. CHICRE3TER.
Brooklyn. Feb. 23, 1907.
CAUSES OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I see that the government at Washington SB
(join,- to investigate the cause of th« wrecks on tae
New York Central and Pennsylvania railroads. It
will be found that both trains left the track at th«
curve at the outer rail, caused by unlimited speed,
in obedience to the well known la* of mechanic*!
that all bodies in motion tend to so In a straight
line. The cause of the wreck on the Pennsylvania
road given by the officials is not tenable. CM
brakes are held on brake bars, lien are suspended
by a chain at each en<l, secured to the floor tim
ben of the car. and it Is impossible for them ta
fall to the ground and get under the wheels.
Waterford. X. V . Feb. ST. MST. READER.
AMERICANS PRESENTED AT COURT.
London. March L— The second court ball of th«
eea-son was held at Buckingham Palace to-night.
The royal circle was unusually small, their majes
ties being supported only by the Prince and Prin
cess of Wales aad Prince Christian. Nevertheless,
th- assemblage was a large and brilliant one ana
some two hundred de-butantes were present. The
Americans i>r«w*»nt*d were Mrs. Robert Emraet ar.a
her niece. M!s 3 Margaret Harris, of New York:
Mrs Alfred K. Mo*, wife of the American Consul
at Dublin: Mrs. Robert J. Wynne, wife o? th»
American Consul Genera] at London: MissEdUa
Clark and Mrs. Charles Marshall, both of Nt»»
York.
AMBASSADOR REID GOING SOUTH.
Lomlon. March I.— Ambassador Reid, who since)
his return here from the United States, has been
suffering from influenza, will leave London to
morrow for Arcachon. in the South of Franca. He
in going later to BamSU and will spend a month)
or wZx- weeks on the Continent. Mrs. Reid wh»
was detained m America by the illness of he*
father, is expected ■•*■ to join th* nmhatsaoor oa
the Continent.
POPE RECEIVES AMBASSADOR WHITE.
Rome. March I.— The Pope to-«!ay received in pri
vate audience the retiring American Ambassador.
Henry White, and his son. James Whit*, who after
ward visited the Papal Secretary of State. Cardinal
Merry del VU. The Pontiff received Mr. White la
his private library. Mr. White Informed the WO*
that a* could not leave Rome without seeing the)
head of Ike Catholic Church, to which so many or
those whom he had so long represented abroad be
long. The Pope was highly pleased, and expressed,
his admiration for the United States, for the man
ner In which liberty was understood there, ana icr
the freedom enjoyed by all religions. The conversa
tion between the Pope and the. Ambassador at*»
half an hour. .
MR. CLEVELAND'S DISCOVERY.
From The Philadelphia Press.
Had drover Cleveland's proposition to disfran
chise bachelors been in operation twenty-Cv© jean
ago the gentleman would not have bean able t*>
vote for himself the first time he ran for President.
But that may not be the answer to his •*■«"■■"»
Mr. Cleveland has cleverly discovered «*•*£»*■
that lies in the maxim of the distinguished William
Muggins, that "there ain't no such tiiir.. ■ sla«i«
Mwy-fMTnt l "'."

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