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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 03, 1907, Image 1

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i — 1 _— — , . fropvTl«ht. 1907. by Th« Tribune Association, t
V"" LXVI- ..->*•• 22.022.
Idea Thought To Be Abandoned—
White* Letter of Defence.
The probability grows that District Attorney
Jerome will not make an application for a com
jßfeslon in lunacy to examine Harry Kendall
Thaw. Untll Friday It was Generally believed.
particularly by the defence, that a fight over
the question of a commission in lunacy alone
would shortly be the outcome of the trial. Mr.
Jerome's sudden shift on Friday afternoon, -when
he examined Dr. Brltton D. Evans on a line ap
parently Intended to prove murder in the first
degree, changed this point of view. It Is now
thought that the prosecution Is not sure of Its
ground, end is endeavoring to find where it
The defence was confident yesterday of the
successful outcome of the trial.
"The prosecution." one of the counsel said,
"literally does not know where 'it Is at.* Mr.
Jerome lias fenced around on all conceivable
propositions, trying to find a ground to work on.
but has not succeeded. I in sure that until
Friday afternoon the appointment of a com-
Brisaton in lunacy was looked for. but now it is
Impossible!; But If such application should ever
be made the defence is sanguine of defeating It.
There is not a chance hi a thousand of get
ting it."
Persons interested In the prosecution made
public a letter yesterday. which, It was said. Is
one that Stanford White wrote to Miss v *
F!tn^ton early In MO*, In which he denied com
pletely the charges made against him by Hiss
Evelyn Nesbit. Miss Slmonton was a friend of
both White and the Kesbtts. and. It is said, went
abroad in the fall of 1003 to bring Mrs. NMMt
tack to New York after she had been deserted
ry Thaw and Miss Kcs I The letter re*d as
February S3. ISM.
T>»ar "Ii«»c Bimotlton: I duly received your letter.
*tt "tr-""matSTvn U upeak about is on- so MttNlr
t£w>4, Evelyn rind yourself an* about wMeh I
m two months. I -in &&
rpect right to JJ* tar
think it wouM t- «fa» for you to mak« .thtaa con
<"iTim before returning ih» things Evelyn ana Mrs.
*^Vf%V^?™rt*T you mention, the Mory
«tion wf.Jrh hns become wholly onnecesssry.^ Yours
truly. "■ ™;
The letter, which was typewritten, was .'lni
tialled with the "P. V "
There came to light yesterday In this connec
turn a lette- said to have been written by the
former member of the Ft aft of the American Ba
bassy at London concerning whose visit to her.
self nd her mother Mrs. Harry Thaw testified
on cross-examination.
The writer tells of making the acquaintance
of Mrs. Vessel and Evelyn m this country, ar.d
Mays be next met them on their fir.-* trip to Eu
rope. Mm. Xesbit and Evelyn were then stop
ring hi . Clarldse's. London, and the year was
1933. The writer aayf lie found Mrs. NesMt 111
anfl Invited Evelyn out to luncheon.
Two or tine days later, ha says, he called
asain and fo-jnfl Mr*. Nesbit Still ill. lie says
he was Rrrprlsed to lesm that Harry Thaw was
with Mrs. Xes'rß cr.d Evelyn In London, and
h«jd •■■en with them on this European trip. He
was surprised, he said, because Evelyn had i'd
Mti tfcst sh? had found it hard to tolerate
Thaw, but that he was spending a fpod deal of
money on her mother end herselt, had proposed
tnarr. . had rTon^L^ed to educate her by send
in? her to a school and paying all the expenses.
ar.d had all proposed «nd they were to be mar
ried In two years.
On his secona visit, he say?, Evelyn came into
the room where her mother we? and told her
th?.t Fhe was groins away on a motor car trip
with Thaw. ■ They went and were gone four
weeks. In the mean time Mrs. Nesbit and
Thtnv's valet were in the hotel without any
rienns, ar.d were practically living on charity,
he declares. Thaw having taken away th«» letter
of credit which l<e liad given to lira Nesbit and
which was made out in her nam« and Evelyn's.
Eefor? the couple returned, he says, Mrs. Xesblt
trgs res •ucci.
Four weeks of the trial, as Car as the exam
ination of witnesses is concernedj have* ned,
ar.d the trial is probably just about half over.
A conservative estimate of nt 'east three weeks
longer is given by both sides, and it is expected
that Caster will have arrived before the jury
•IB be'-able to give Its verdict. The defence, it
Is understood, will take all of this week to
finish jts direct case. Then the rebuttal will be
fln. nnd should easily tak* a week, after which
the defence lias several witnesses to call in the
sar-rebcttal. With all of thes<» witnesses and
the summing up by Mr. Jerome and Mr. Delmaa
e:id the charge to the jury by Justice Fitz-
Ccrald. the month will be- occujiied.
While the last week has been an uneventful
one. this week, it is tsswtted. will he alive with
incidents. The defence will continue Its direct
case as *oon as Mr Jerome ends his cross-»x
arr.!ijat:on of ■ Dr. Evans and Dr. Charles G.
Wagner', the nllf-nlsts. Dr. Evans will ha re
called to-morrow morning Tor a shaft lime.
Dr. Wagner will follow. lv. Peemar and Dr.
Mngaman will not i* put under cross exam
ination, as Vt>fi prnse'-utlon has subpoenaed th^m
as wttpesses, and they will be called on the re
Mrs. lnsiasji Thaw, it is under?tood. will go
on tha witness stand either on Tuesday after
noon or Wednesday morning. Her examination
will probably last ahaajt two days. Ii is con
sidered to be of exceeding importance, as show-
Ins; pre-natal influences governing Thaw's mental
attitude. The defence will call, it is understood,
a witness who baa not l>een mentioned. She is
probably not the original "mysterious woman in
black." tut Is a good second. I>r<>s"i entirely
In black, with a heavy black veil almost entirely
hiding her features, she has been In constant at
tendance with tha other witnesses. When at
luncheon she has been seen to bo comely and of
a blond type. Th* defence has refused at all
times to say who she Is.
Over fifty witnesses are under subpoena by
the defence out of over three hundred that have
been examined in the last seven months. It
was said that out of the larger number sign.?
of Insanity have been noticed in at least a score.
they being persons who offered highly imagina
tive stories In Thaws behalf.
Hairy Thaw's dentist. A. a. Parr, went to the
Tombs Posterday and gave the prisoner's teeth
a thorough overhauling. As be finished Mrs.
Evelyn Thaw arrived. She *=ent her brougham
back to the Hotel Lorraine for Mrs. William
Thaw. Th«» young woman psaaained until Unt«
for visitors to go. Shortly after her arrival
Mrs. William Thaw and the Countess of Yar
mouth rasi'd. It was the first visit of the
countess In many days. The elder Mrs. Thaw
did not remain longer than a half hour. After
leaving the Tombs she went to the offices of
Mr. Delmas. On her return to the- Tombs she
**a joined by her daughter, and they went
uptown in the subway. Mrs. Evelyn Thaw re
turned by Hiitoinol,il«-
Thaw continued the gymnastic exercises yes
terday «-hi<-h *.<• interrupted court to go through
©a Friday. He said he believed they would aid
MM mrerlaHj.
To-«la.v, fair and colder; diminishing west wind*.
To-morrcw. fair.
Blue fields May Be Attacked by Sea
—Spread of War Feared.
Washington, March 2.— News of an Important
engagement between the forces of Nicaragua
and Honduras was received at the State De
partment to-day In a cable message from the
American Consul. Mr. Ollvares. at Managua.
Nicaragua, as follows:
El Corpus, key of position at Tegucigalpa.
was taken by Nicaragua to-day. Four bat
talions of Klcaraguana and a strong force or
Hondurans were engaged. Action brilliant.
The American Legation at Tegucigalpa, Hon
duras, lias informed the State Department that
the government of that country has called upon
the Salvadorian minister to get from his gov
ernment a categorical reply to the question
whether it is an ally or enemy of Honduras.
A cable dispatch received at the department
from Central America says that a naval expedi
tion Is leaving a Gulf port of Honduras to at
tack Btoenelda, Nicaragua.
The American Legation at Tegucigalpa has
informed the State department that the govern
ment of Honduras has assured it that all the
rights and guarantees of foreigners holding
property find concessions in lands in Honduras
always will be respected.
Indications that at least four of the republics
may become, 'involved have led the State and
Navy Department officials to consider the ex
pediency of Increasing the American naval
force in those waters, and It is probable that
within a few days several other ships will be
orlered to reinforce the Marietta and the Chi
cago in protecting American interests there.
House Adopts Aldrich Measure by
Vote of 160 to 72.
Washington. March 3.- The Aldrich Currency
M.l art. PMa«d by th* House shortly after mid
night The vote was l«0 to 72. It has already
passed th* Sera:-, and r. IW goes to the Presi
The Republicans, with two or three exceptions.
lined up solidly for the bill, the Democrats being
just a? solid against it.
P. R. R. Officials Organizing Guards
and Strike Breakers.
[ By lM««n*B to The Trlbun*. ]
Pittsburg. March 2.-Trouble la evidently ex
pected as a result of the strike talk among the
railroad employe*. This was apparent to-day.
when one hundred men employed In the freight
department of the Pennsylvania Railroad shops
at Verona were sworn In as guards by the rail
road people and told to hold themselves in
readiness to go anywhere at any hour, day or
night. These men are not member* of the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen.
Fnmc of the workmen at the Verona chops
were told that they would possibly be railed on
to take the place of conductors or brakemen.
but at this there was a general balk. The work
men all Bald they were ready to go out and pro
tect the property of the company for which
they are working, but that they would not tako
the place of any striker. Last night the rail
road la said to have obtained forty men. who
will go on as conductors, many of them former
employes of the road. The railroad has already
stocked many passenger coaches with food and
blankets and placed them at points where it I*
thought the. food may be neded by guards,
who •ill be rushed oat the moment a strike
Is declared.
Committe of Trainman's Brotherhood Sees
P. It. R.s General Manager.
Philadelphia. March 2.— A commit tee or the griev
ance committee of the Brotherhood of Railroad
Trainmen, which computed the vote cast by the
men employed on the Pennsylvania Railroad east
of PlUsburc and Erie o:i the question of a strike
because of the refusal of the company to grant
demands formulated by the brotherhood, called on
General Manager Atterbury to-day and held a four
hours' conference. It Js understood the result of
tt.o vote was given to Mr. Atterbury nnd that the
demands of the men litre discussed in detail.
The l>«>st of feeling; v. .- display* d by both sides,
and the conference adjourned to meet again on
Monday. The differences are said to be slight and
.ire expected to i >■ settled without difficulty by both
Bides offering concessions.
P. O. Department Not to Act on
Publication of Evidence.
Washington. March 2. — No action will be taken
by the Postofflce Department respecting the pub
lication by newspaper* of the details of the
Thaw trial, now in progress in New York.
Some time ago President Roosevelt directed
Postmaster General Cortelyou to Inquire Into
the subject of the publication of the detailed
testimony In the case with a view to keeping
from the malls, if possible, papers publishing
the suggestive and salacious details. The Post
master General submitted the question to Judge
Goodwin. Attorney General for the Postofflce
I>«'s>artment, for an opinion. Judge Goodwin
has decide! that a fraud order Issued against
any newspaper which had published matter con
cerning the trial that might be offensive would
not lie, because the publication would be a fact
accomplished before the order was Issued. The
only recourse would be to warn newspapers
that violations of the law in respect to the pub;
Heat ion and dissemination of offensive matter
through the malls would be punished
This action was taken by the authorities of
the Department of Justice. The United States
District Attorney for the Southern District or
New York sent to various New York news
papers postofflce Inspectors with a warning that
be would Institute prosecutions against them if
they should violate the law. No other steps
have bet n taken in the matter.
Governor of Porto Rico Appointed to Treas
ury Department.
Washington. March -'—It was announced To
r.'Kht tliat the President had tendered to Her
man Winthrop. of Sew York, at present Gov
ern--- of Porto Rico, the place of Assistant S» ■<•-
retary of the Treasury, for which he was recom
mended by Postmaster General Cortelyou. and
that Mr. Winthrop had accepted the appoint
ment. It is expected that he will ssamme his
new duties at an early date.
T*o Cay* of pleasant travel aboard the large new
f h!p4 of Savannah I ii"- . Telephone 3j*)»— Ssrme for
tickets and reservations.— Advv-
Says Regulation of Corporate Evils
Must Begin with States.
Members of the New York Press Club and
"friends In and out of town." including Gov
ernor Hughes, gave a testimonial dinner to
"Tody" Hamilton, for many years affectionately
known as the "prince of press agents." at tho
Waldorf last night. It was one of the largest
gatherings of newspaper men and persons in
terested in the amusement world ever present
at a dinner.
Tho Governor Insisted In his speech on th^>
necessity of a recount of tho 1905 Mayoralty
votes and tho adoption of measures providing
for early and simple settlement of future dis
putes. Ho said that a man ought to be able to
know absolutely If an election had been fnlr.
Speaking of corporate conditions, he said that
remedies for existing evils must come from tho
states, and that federal action alone was worth
loss. Ho said that a men sure was shortly to he
introduced at Albany regarding corporations.
"I am not used to circuses," said the Gov
ernor. "I have a performance of my own with
a trained elephant which, I hope, will suit the
The menu was In th« form of a play bill,
which described tho guest of honor in " 'Tody'
Hamilton Engiiah" as "The foremost, florid,
fluorescent, forever fresh and fair, fervent, fast
nnd furious, fosforescent father of freely flow
rag fancy, florentine frazes and far-flung fame."
Prior to thf> dinner a n ceDtion was held at
which Governor Hughes stood up with Mr.
Hamilton nnd met the guests.
When the diners filed In to the dinner they
were surprised to *•■"> in front of th« speak
ers' table a section or an oldtlma cir-us rim:.
filled with the traditional sawdust. It was said
that the hip-top atmosphere nr. 1 decorations
were contributed by Messrs. Shubert and An
derson. of the Hippodrome. Frnnk E. Melville,
the, rinc: master at th.T Hippodrome, dressed In
his white silk f-tape suit, entered tho rinsr and
opened the ceremonies with a crack of his
Among tha Invited guests who sat at the
speakers' table were Governor Hughes, Con
troller Mets, Justice James FiUGerald. Arthur
Brisbane, Brvtn Wardman, Marc Klaw, William
E. Lewis, William A. Brady, Paul Armstrong,
Joseph Howard, Jr., S. S. Carvnlho. Marshall P.
Wilder. Colonel George r Traadwell, the Gov
error's private secretary, and Conrad Klein.
Jam»s Hennessy occupied the place usually
denoted as "toastmaatar," hut the Mil referred
to him ns "ringmaster." James J. A. I!
wns "boxofßce man"; Wella Hawkes, "• >
publicity." and Edward Everett Pldgeon, man
ager of the sideshow.
Between the various speakers of a long list a
number of entertain passed the time away.
Among the entertainers were Mile. Regine Arts
arid Nlcolo Fossetta, of the Manhattan Opera
House; Miss Cecilia Lo'tu*. Miss Vesta Victoria.
Miss Kittle Cheatham, Clifford "Wiley, Edward
Rico nd Charles Prince
"Tody" Hamilton *vet the first speaker, al
though he had begged to be alloy »tl Jo come lact.
He said he thought he hart abatidoTieit tnn saw
dust ring for all time. lie, spoke of the time
when used to write cockfights for "The Sun."
He said as a press agent he had grabbed more
space In th« newspapers for nothing than any
other man in New York. SO th« newspapers
ought to be glad of bis retirement from tho show
business. He toasted his friends present and
In intro<iu< ing Governor Hughe" Mr. Hem
s.ii't there w:>s •vi y indication that there would
be a personal administration in Albany. The
Governor wan greeted enthusiastically. He said,
In part:
I wns somewhat alarmed when 1 learned this
was a • lr. is dinner. 1 don't know mu<-h about
circuses myself. I have a few performanc* a
myself to rive In connection with 'a trained ele
phant, and I trust they will l»» satisfactory to
the people.
This la not :i government by executive ftat.
You write an editorial and it Is all over, it la
not so with ;i Governor's moss age. But it la
ri^'ht people s->i « ••! l. i know there la an executive
At the foundation of our government i- a
simple ballot law \•■ in should have a aatls
way of determining whether there has
been ;i fair election.
I desire, therefore, there should be a recount
of the mayoralty election of 1905. As l have
said before, that Is not a political question, It
fundamental Question. 1 desire that ih.u
provision by which, on proper case UeiriK made.
the court should have opportunity of declaring a
recount In certain districts should be made
plain, bo that i: may be enforced.
n is ;iNo necessary thai we should have some
means of regulating commerce I say that In
exercise of federal power in Interstate commerce
there will »>« no relief until discrimination and
rebates ar.- done away with. But it is for statea
to nnd a remedy for existing evils and exercise
their power. , , . , ,
Shortly a measure in to 1»> Introduced for fair
regulation of corporations.
We want full and adequate service from ex-
Istine transit systems. 1 don't present thta as a
question, bul one In which all citizens are
Interested. The party In power should recognise
its elorious opportunity to si rye the state.
In the administration of all departments we
should have but one weal what is to give the
best government possible for New Tors, the
'iV'is'not a matter of executive bargaining. The
executive of this state has nothing to sell ami
nothing to buy. Hia duty la to carry out the best
interests of the people.
I believe there la an overwhelming demand
f-,i an honest administration. Who will contest
Ihe necessity of an honest administration? I
think It la more necessary to place emphasis on
efficiency We don't want to proceed along the
lines of' least resistance. We do not want in
act with reference to personal ambition. It
i'alls for the l>«wt of our citizenship. Let us see
if it cannot rally to our support those who want
to sec not what they can pet out of it hut
what they -:in t»-It into It.
i do not believe the man of power is a cynic.
Tbe average American Ifl a man of law and
order If V"" are fair, accurate and discrimi
nating you Increase your sphere of usefulness.
1 K-ire that In all these things, working to
■rether and m ail departments, the question
shall be asked, "What Is ihe best thing, how is
it v. he accomplished and how can we maintain
high standard) ?"
•Tody" Hamilton said In part:
I nervously prepared a few words this morning
which I Imagined mUjht , appropriately be fired off
nt t'li; banqiift. But. like most matters arranged
In advance, it doea not s«em to meet the requlre
'"i'"th■>!i'*ht' l had abandoned the sawdust arena
for all time, but here I am projected again into the
clare of the naphtha light, as it were, and back to
the charmed circle of the circus.
The honor you have done mo would ptll] be an
honor though l were the Governor of this great
state or even President of all the states united, in
stead of beta* merely Tody Hamilton private citi
zen i feel this and am deeply grateful. Endowed
with th- most cunning tongue of oratory, I could
not express that which now tills my heart. I
would ril "v and breah down.
When a man can look about him on such a night
as this and upon this assembly of Intellectuality
■fathered in hi* honor, he must thank God that li»
has not lived In vain. If In any small, weak, hu
man wav I have deserved tills honor. I thank God I
have lived to receive It. for few In this world have
had the Rood fortune to surround themselves with
Continued on twelfth p«ce.
Strengthens the Weak and Overworked. '
H T Dcwtv & Sons Cu.. 13s Fulton tit.. M<*w Vcrk.
Municipal Reformers Have Majority
in County Council.
[Special by French Cable to The Tribune. 1
[Copyright. 1907 by The Tribune Association.]
London, March 3.— The Municipal Reformers
at midnight had gained over twenty-five seats
In Ihe new London County Council and had ob
tained a majority. This victory may retard
the adoption of a uniform rate of taxation for
London, hut It Indicates a general uprising
against municipal ownership and extravagance.
It Is the second staggering blow received thi3
week by the Liberals. I. N. F.
[By The Associated Press.
London, March 3. — London was in the throes
of an election yesterday for membership in the
County Council which exceeded In bitterness
the Parliamentary election of 1905.
The soealled Progressives, who are supported
by the Liberals, and, who have been In power
for the last eighteen years, asked ar renewal of
their mandate on the ground of the services they
had rendered, and announced that this was the
opportunity to Improve the condition of the peo
ple of London by effecting equalization in the
rates of taxation of the ground landlords, who,
as a result of the unprecedented combination of
the last County Council, which was Progressive,
and the Liberal government, own practically the
whole of London.
The self-styled Municipal Reformers, with
whom the Unionists have associated themselves,
have been most active In accusing the Pro
gressive* of extravagance and socialist tenden
ruol/T!,^" Mto *"**** rat «. ■»« have
Published cartoons suggesting that the Pro
"""re. are the friends of the trusts. John
Burns, president of the Local Government Hoard.
who Is a fo,n,e r *&& Councillor, but did not
seek re-election, issued a manifesto yesterday
in which he described the campaign of the
Municipal Reformers as the "most vulgar and
most disgraceful that ever has discredited Brit
ish public life." and exhorted the electors not
to surrender London to th« greed of monopolists
and speculator* The .Municipal Reformers have
held that the defeat of the Progressives would
be a serious blow to the Liberal government.
The outgoing Council consisted of 85 Pro
gressives. .':4 Municipal Reformers and one Inde
pendent. The outcome of yesterday's election Is
not yet fully known, but. according to the re
turns received up to midnight, the Municipal
Reformers have gained forty-three seats and
the Progressives and the Labor party one seat
each. The Laboritea or Socialists played an un
precedented part In the election by fighting for
■eats against both the Progressives and the Re
J. B. McDonald Thinks They
Caused Rejection of Canal Bids.
Augusta. O.i , March I— "We arc down and out."
■alii J. it McDonald, president of th» Panama
Construction Company, in discussing, th-j rejection
of the bid of W. J. Oliver for the construction of
the Panama Canal. "They have taken the matter
entirely out of our hands, and it now rests with
the President The responsibility should b« placed
where It belongs. I cannot see why our bid should
have been rejected, except that it bo due to the
far-reaching machinations or th.> combination of
Influences that have worked against the bid of W. J.
Oliver and nil M.is thnt threaten construction of
the big canal."
Mr. McDonald intimated tjiat the interests op
posed to the company were the "allied transconti
nental railroads."
"It Is generally recognised that this agency has
been /it work to defeat the consummation of the
project Inn* before It ever took tangible shape.
You will notice that on" by one the. practical men
who have been Identified with the canal project
have been picked off by big financial Interests. It
la not difficult to trace the relation. This Is very
poor business, however, for the canal Is bound to
come; If not during this administration, then dur
ing another. It Is Inevitable.
"I cannot si*o where the I*resldent and his asso
ciates are right, and do not see how they will b»
able to build the canal. Sooner or later the ditch
will have to be dug under the businesslike manage
ment of a contractor who has figured the cost
down to a minimum.
"Our company w:in wining to perform every Item
of the agreement required by the government, it
waa our understanding that when th« conditions
Imposed by the government were met the contract
went to our company, We h.ml mmlo every prep;i
raUon. ;tt considerable rxjiense. and were prepared
to bctfln Shovelling dirt on or before the time limit
„f sixty daya."
Mr. McDonald does not believe that there Is any
truth in the report that W. J. Oliver will enter
milt .-uriinst the government for 'ho preliminary ex
pense of $•((>,<««> incurred In making th« bid.
"I am certainly not going to Washington to
confer With him further in the matter.. He said
our company would be dissolved as rapidly as pos
sible, and that will end the matter. I have not
heard a word from Mr. Oliver since the rejection
of the bids."
Trio Men Dead, JO Seriously and
12 Slightly Injured.
Bcranton, Perm., March 2. — Fourteen men are
hovering near death In Taylor Hospital and
twelve >.th»-rs suffered slight burns through a
terrific explosion of gas in part of the ("lark
vein of the Holden mine of the. Delaware, T.ae!<
awannrt A Western Company, at Xorth Taylor,
this afternoon. Whether or not thirty other
miners at work In the affected section escaped
was in doubt up to 10 o'clock to-night, when
Mine Inspector David Williams felt safe In say
lnpr they were all out of the mine and alive.
This statement he made only after it was
possible for searching parties to make a tour
of the affected part of tbe mine. They re
turned with the report that thoy could find no
men in the Workings. Still this news did not re
assure hundreds gathered about the shaft's head.
for the doubts ami fearM of the afternoon and
evening were not overcome, and they felt certain
that there were many whose bodies would be
found later.
While the work of rescue was still going on
here word was received of the death of two men
and the serious Injury of five others In the
Woodward vein of the Lackawanna. near
Wilkes-Barre. Officials of the mine hero were
sent ther» to tako charge.
Southern Ky. ihe best way. The Route of the
Southern's Palm Limited. N. V. Offices, 271 and
iiu> B'way.— Advu
Powder and Dynamite at Homestead (N. J.) Kill Ten
to Fifteen— Workmen Trapped in Tunnel.
Shoring of Open Cut Dislodged— Laborers Buried Beneath Dirt — Powder House
Wrecked — Hot Coals to Keep Dynamife from Freezing Ignited Powder.
An explosion of dynamite that wai felt for a
radiu3 of over fifteen miles took place at Homo
stead, N. J.. at 12:13 this morning.
The dynamite and powder storage houses for
the Pennsylvania tunnel at that place, near the
New Jersey end of the bore, were the scene of
the explosion. Five men are known to be dead,
and it is believed that five or ten more bodies
are in the ruins. Several who escaped with
their lives are badly maimed.
When the dust and smoke of the explosion
cleared away a hole In the jrround 150 feet long
and fifty feet wide was disclosed. It waa thought
that an examination of this hole might reveal
many fatalities.
Superintendent McManus, in charge of the
work, was placed under arrest on order of In
spector Goerich. of the Department of Kxplo
slves of Xorth Bergen.
The main magazine was on a side hill about
three hundred feet from the shaft entrance of
th" tunnel, but bailees it and the shaft were
a number of smaller buildings containing lesser
amounts of the explosive. There were two smaller
explosions when the smaller magazines went up.
following quickly ;.fter the destruction of the
main magazine.
Leadln? up to th* mouth of the tunnel is an
excavation or deep cut through whtefl the Penn
sylvania Railroad is to bring its tracks into the
tunnel. The explosion knocked down much of
the bracing on th» sides of thia cut, along which
about one hundred and fifty laborers won work
ing. Many of th«m wre buried, and it is feared
that a number will he taken out dead.
Dr. A. Walfchid. chief surgeon of the Pennsyl
vania Tunnel Company, who is also connected
with the North Hudson Hospital, said that
without much doubt some of the men trapped
in the tunnel had been killed or seriously In
jured by the terri.'ic detonation. Owing to the
destruction of the means of communication with
the tunnel, it will be some time before these mea
can be reached.
The explosion, which shook and shattered the
small houses for several miles around, was
heard throughout Manhattan and even Brook
lyn and Coney Island. Persons all over this
city were awakened, and many rushed to the
street, thinking there had been an earthquake.
Several thousand pounds of explosives were
stored in a number of frame buildings called
the magazine. Men were engaged in removing
tho powder and dynamite to be used to-day in
blasting operations in the tunnel. BOOM two
hundred pounds of powder bad bsen placed in
a pile near one of the buildings, when the ex
■ suddenly occurred.
that one man in carryinK °u l red hot coa ' s - u9e<l
in the fires for keeping the dynamite from freez
ing, had stumbled and dumped his load on a can
of powder.
It is said that the power plant, which was
totally destroyed, was worth QtMM,
Wllltam Bradley, president of WUHam Brad
ley & Son. when seen at his home. ECo. 330 West
86th street, early this morning, said:
"I have been In communication with my head
quarters in Homestead, and so far as I can
learn about three or four hundred pounds of
dynamite exploded. What the cause of the ex
■i was I have been unable so far to learn.
My superintendent told me that there was great
excitement In the village, and he Is endeavoring
to learn definite fa<-fs."
In speaking of the explosion Mr. Bradley said:
"The explosion blew up the works. I am in
formed, and although the damage will be large
to our firm I do rot think that It will himper
the work.
"I do not believe that the tunnel part of tht>
work was Injured. The tunnel is through tlv>
hardest kind of rock.
"The tunnel is to be 6,000 feet in length, ana
so far about 4,000 feet has been excavated.
The tunnel is to connect with the tunnel under
the North Stiver.
"I have telephoned to the hospitals nearby.
Lint have been unaMe to get any definite infor
mation. I was told by my superintendent that
no «>ne was killed on my second telephone talk,
but from outside sources I learn that -perhaps
there may be some fatalities.
"I am going at once to the scene of the acci
dent, and when I return I will be able to have
an official statement issued."
Some of the Workmen, after regaining their
feet, rushed for the nearest telephone and in
formed all the surrounding towns. Ambulances
were sent from the North Hudson Hospital, in
Union Hill. Christ Hospital. In Jersey City, and
the William Xeckar private hospital.
At 2:30 o'clock this morning a man who said
he came from the scene of the disaster said that
the power house which contained the hoisting
machinery at the entrance to the tunnel had
been destroyed and that six men In It at the
time had not been accounted for. The destruc
tion of this machinery made It Impossible to get
at the hundred or more sandhogs who were saM
to be working In the airlock of the tunnel. It
is not thought that any of these men were in
jured, but they may be seriously affected by
being kept In the tunnel beyond the usual period
for such trying work.
Follce were sent from towns of Guttenburg- '
X y daily 12:2 noon. Due St. Aug. 2:50 p. in. Sea
board office. 11-3 B'way, or any P. R. R. offices.
West New York. Union Kill and West Hobokaa.
The explosion had awakened everybody hi
these places, and the police were ready to move
as soon as they learned where they were needed.
Scarcely a house In Homestead, or in any of th*
Jersey towns has a whole pane of glass. la
some cases people were thrown out af bed. and
the streets were soon filled with many who wers
afraid that an earthquake had occurred.
There are not many targe houses In Home
stead, and the powder magazines were at som*
distance from any other structure. In the near
est house, situated on a small farm, a hunch
back hoy was thrown violently to the floor, and
it is feared that his injuries may prove fatal.
The greatest excitement prevailed about tha
New Jersey villages which felt the shock, and]
people refused to go back to their homes until
they had learned exactly what had happened
and that an earthquake was not in progress.
As far down as Hoboken doors were blown In.
Many houses were stripped of all their window
pane?, and big plate glass windows as far down
as 14th and Bloomfleld streets were destroyed.
A big window in Brick's cafe, at that cornea;
went out with a bang which put a sudden stop
to a rushing business, and sent the patrons to
the various police stations to find out what had
H. A. Mulford. of No. 22 Tonnela avenue.
Homestead, a well known drygoods merchant
of that town, who was awakened by the ex
plosion, rushed into the street. As scon as ho
realized what had happened he went to the tele* |
phone and asked for ambulances and police aM ;
from the surrounding towns.
The explosion knocked down many of the tele
phone and telegraph wire , which made It d«!l
cult la get any news out of Homestead.
The cabmen in Hoboken and surrounding
towns did n rushing business taking 1 people to
the scene of the disaster.
Although It was reported that there were sev
eral thousand pounds of dynamite in the maga
zine, one of the engineers said there was proba
bly not more than one thousand pounds. Ha
could, however, give no accurate figures, as th»
amount varied, he said, from day to day.
This engineer said that there were probably
about 200 or 230 men at work within a short
distance of the magazine.
He said thai the magazine was only a short
distance from the monster power house that tho
road had built to operate the electric cars in Us
Hudson River tunnel. -
At an early hour this morning even the mea
close to the works were unable to giva accu
rate details of the affair. One of the inspectors
at the' "Weehawken shaft said he had Just re
turned from the scene of the explosion and had
found no one killed and no one injured, except
one man who had a slight wound on the hand.
When the police and surgeons reached tho
scene they discovered that many people had been
cut and otherwise Injured by breaking glass
and falling pictures in houses in the vicinity.
Six of these people made the first ambulanca
load carried to the North Hudson Hospital. An
Italian family named Bevort livel In a small
house about 500 feet from the explosion. Every
one of them was injured by the partial destruc
tion of the house.
Mrs. Marshall, stepmother of Joe Jeanette*
the prizefighter, who keeps a- delicatessen store,
was col by flylns? glass.
Not a window remained intact In the JivanauA
soap mill and the walls are thought to have
been weakened.
As soon a* the employes of the tunnel com*
pany who were not injured regained their senses
thrv immediately made every effort to keep peo
ple away from the acesM of the disaster. It waa
hard to get any definite information. One of
the employes spread the story that the enttrs
trouble had been caused by the explosion of a>
The Pennsylvania Railroad ordered out all of
its physicians who could be reached and who
could get to the scene of the disaster.
Hotel Guest* Alarmed — Police Tele*
phones Kept Busy.
The shock was felt all over Manhattan Island*
The Bronx and Brooklyn, and even as fax out
as Coney Island. The earth shook as If frota
an earthquake. People were awakened and
rushed to the windows, and rr.any hurried to
the streets, thinking the houses were about 10)
fall. i
The shock was especially severe on the WeW
Side, betwoen ."Oth and 67th streets. HouseW
on Riverside Drive. Broadway and Columbus \
avenue and the side streets shook violently, and;
people, rudely awakened, rushed to the streets
in their night clothes, expecting the houses wero
going to fall. The Sherman Square Hotel trem
bled to its foundations, and the guests. In alarm,
ran to the windows, every one asking. "What IS
it? What has happened?" Guests to other
large apartment hotels on the upper West SMo
were similarly aroused, and many of them hur
ried into the streets.
The shock was greatest In the uptown section,
for the reason that the vein of rock *a>asjaj|
Continued «n Crvetft!> ;>»;•>

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