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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 04, 1907, Image 6

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Amusemrnti,
ACAi-EVIT OK Mf SlC— «— Ben Hur.
XOU.AH HAI-L- 3-Pianola Recital
-:.HAiJUnA-2—S— Vaudeville.
ASTOK-- «:15— The M:.> of the Gods
nSLASCO— «:IS— The Roy cf the Rar.cbo.
aEKKEI.KY I.YOi:i:M— 2:3o-S:3.i— T.l« Reckoning.
i»UOU— «:sa_Ai:-of-a-.«udden *>«> '
ttHOADWAY— S:1O— The l'aitMun Model.
CASINO— :Js— The White Heu.
COXX>KIALr— 2— * — Vaudeville.
Cr.ITEniON— B:IS— Tl>e Tattooed Man.
r'AL,VS— B:IS— The Btlle ■• Mavfair.
Z.I>ES MUSKK— The \VcrJ<l ill Wax
XMPIRK— «:2i»— Caj.tair. Jink?.
OAIIHJCK— K:3»— <*ausht in thp Ra =.
JIACKETT— R:»»— Th« <-!>.,ru« [-adv.
IIAMMEKSTKIN'B VICTORIA— 2:IS— *:I5 — Vatid«vi;i«.
SERAI PQIAHE— B:IS— The Ro«d to Yesterday.
HIPPODROME— 2— B— Neptune's Daughter and Pioneer
Days.
ITCMOIf-4:IS--Cre«*ln'« <on«.
nfrtSia PLACE— B:2<»-MarK etuart.
liNICKERHOfKEK- *:ls~ Th« Red mi:;
LI3ESTY— S:IS— RaIomy Jane.
UTXOOUa SQITAHE— «:IS— «"fcarley*« Aunt.
ITCEUM— «:IS— The 1.'.,, a sr.d th« Mouse.
I.TRIC-*-- J.anne irArc.
V>: !m >N" KITAI'.K— R:ls— The Three of l~«
MAI'I.- BQUARK GAI'.DEN — 10 a. m. to 11 p. in —
fiportsmer'n Show.
MAJESTY ' «:jr— On lT»ro>.
MANHATTAN GI'ERA HOUSK— »— I* Sonnambula «nd
MFvr>Kl>soMX HAM.- I>lok«w Recital.
METIWiPor.ITAN OPRRA HOf9E— Rl»oletto.
NT-'. AMPTEKi>AM— 7:*3— Peer Gynt.
NEW YOniC— S:ls— Geoiee Washington. Jr.
ST.INCEFP — 6:2l^— Th« lireat Divide.
SAVOY— S:IS— Man of th* Hour.
ft ICTCIIOT..AS 1:1 NR— Three "•■■ -••
TRUtARMONI'" HAWr- K 5-Elertrlr Music.
WAU.Ai'K K:ls— The F.lclj Mr. H <**«!! :»'.!"»r
TTEBER'S— «:U— Dream <:ity and Tar Magic Knight.
Index to Advertisements.
rar^ c,i. : Pas» dot
Amusement* . 12 f. c, rwan Steamers :• 7-8
na«V«TB & ProV«r«..lrt I!nfj>r«. Fixture* » 2
f**nknjptrv Nntlr*...lO l'i'r<-.j^Ba!» - 12 r>
Bnar« end noons* .!» : Public Notice* 12 ft
O»rpet Ol'anlnc .*....» I'Railmafls 9 «
Tom. FUr. WantW!.. 9 8 .'. Rpfria. l Sr*Som .. 7 «
T»rw»m«k!n» * M:i- 'Sn»r!a4 Eiretion
linerj- » V V.ti.-- 10 1
»"»ry«x>ofl» 9 B'ttcambosta <* *
Empleym't AE«ic!e*. 9 1 Ptorair* N't! *> » 2
Financial 11 s■« Purro»st*"n Nnt!<H»«. ..It 2-»
r*:n»'v-iBl M».'lr>r? 1 " 1 ;Tr!Mjne Nihr, Rates.. 7 «
For 6a h> '•♦ 2iTrui>t CY>ir.Twr.lP« ....II 1-3
Fur. Roomn hi I/t-t.. 9 ll Trust r«i Report' ...11 1
Help W«"i.i <> Work Want« 4 .... . !' f «
Marrlar** * Pea tha T W. men's Apparel 9 13
i , •
MONDAY, MARCH 4. 1007
THE SEWS THIS WORVITSL
CONGRESS - The filibuster against
the Mail Subsidies bill continued through a long
session; the Hours of Service bill, as amended by
the House, was rejected. — House: The Phil
ippine Bank bill was passed by 18«» to 88. and
action was taken on several minor bills and con
ference reports.
FOREIGN— Red Star liner Vaderland, on
her way from Antwerp to New York, ran
aahore on Goodwin Sands. — -— The Great
Northern steamer Dakota went ashore in the
Bay of Tokio; all the passengers are cafe, and
the company's agents expect to save the vessel.
===== France is reported willing to support a
discussion of limitation of armament at The
Hague, but is said to fear that the debate may
cause discord among the powers. .-■ _M. Mar
tens eaid that he thought a discussion of limita
tion of armament at The Hague weald have no
practical results, "but considered Great Britain's
Initiative a valuable precedent for future peace
conference?. l-. Canada's strict Sunday law
was put into force in most of the provinces.
i. ■ : Mail advices from China say that reac
tionary influences are in control, and that an
agitation has begun to boycott American and
Japanese goods. - ■. . Mr. and Mrs. Joseph
Chamberlain left England on their trip to the
Riviera. — -- Ambassador McCormick left
Paris for Ixtndon on his return to the United
Batten.
DOMESTIC— John C. Ppoor.er. senior Senator
from Wisconsin, sent to Governor Davidson his
resignation, effective May 1; general regret at
his retirement was expressed in Washington.
' It was announced that Archie Ror.s^
ve!t. the President's third son. was ill w^th
diphtheria at the White House. rr=-=^r Twenty
men and five women were overcome by coal gas
In a boarding house in Georgiaville. R. I.; two
deaths may result. ... '.: The annual report
to the Legislature of the State Commission of
Prisons was made public at Albany; two upstate
■workhouses vejsfj. recommended*., =r General
Etreeter. the legal adviser of Mr.«. Mary Baker
G. Eddy. Issued a statement at -Concord, N. H.,
in which he declared that Mrs. Eddy was not
■wealthy, and that her sole Income was from the
copyrights of her books. Is— i The battleship
New Jersey left Newport. R. 1., for Tompkins
vllJe. == Cardinal Gibbons In his monthly
sermon at the Cathedral of Baltimore denounced
"salacious journals." — — — It was announced
that all the men in the Holden mines, at North
Taylor, Perm., wen taken cut safely; of the
eight seriously burned, four have died.
CITY. — It was said by contractors for the
Pennsylvania tunnel that no one was killed m
the explosion at Homestead. N. J.. early yester
day morning. =rn== Harry K. Thaw spent an
unusually quiet day in the Tombs. •• Italian
and Irish street cleaners engaged in ■ riot in
South street. = It was announced that sev
eral of the large city breweries would be merge!
Into a $12,000,000 combination. = It was an
nounced that the entire bequests of Albert Wlll
cox to the National Association of Audubon So
cieties and Tuskegee Institute had been paid
through the generosity of his brother, David
Willcox, president of the Delaware & Hudson
Company. = : Plans for the Carl Schurz me
morial were announced. : Plans of certain
Venezuelans for a new "Independent" party were
made public. ===== The Anchor Line's Ethiopia
arrived from Glasgow after an exceptionally
rough trip.
THE WEATHER Indications for to-day:
Flair. The temperature yesterday. Highest, ."is
decrees; lowest. 30.
A FEDERAL AUTOMOBILE LAW.
There Is probably no tlnmght of enacting at
this expiring session of Congress th« bill which
Itus been iutroduml for the federal regulation
of automobiles. The purpose* Jo lie served are
tllose of Lriugin-: the matter to the attention of
federal lawmakers and of promoting discussion
at it with a view la itirrlns. ■ well matured and
satisfactory enactment at same future time.
Such pun>°*ws are commendable; if they can be
fulfilled. The automobile lias bwume as much
a feature of social economy as the railroad or
the stcariboat. # and anything is to be welcomed
tvli'.ch will make the use of it more congruous
with the interests of the whole community —
which will. especially, protect the public against
the consequences of misuse of the automobile;
and trill equally give the automobile' driver ex
emption from unnecessary restrictions and an
uujing exactions.
That new legislation is needed to that end Is
obvious; the automobile differs bo radically
from previously existing forms of traffic on com
mon roads that th" eld rules and regulations
are Inadequate. There Is room for debating
whether sycli legislation should l*> state, as at
present, or national, as some Lave suggested, or
both, as Is now proposed. There may be some
question as to the extent of federal authority
in the matter. It Is argued that plenary power
exists under the interstate commerce clause of
the Constitution. But if simple travel from
one state t.-> another constitutes commerce, it
might further be held that .authority
becomes paramount over a man the moment be
drives with horse and buggy, or even walks,
across a Etate boundary line. If travel In an
automobile is commerce, so Is travel In a buggy,
on a bicycle, or afoot.
The proposal, we have sail. is to have both
state national laws. The latter are to sup-
I 'lenient, or Msaptenwat, and not to replace,
the former. Thus, each state is still to have its
*pec 4 lain*, registration bum, license fees, etc.
Hut the federal law Is to make compliance with
the laws of bis own state a plenary passport,
enabling the autonicbllist to drive his car in
other stales without regard to their laws—ex
cepting, we assume, the speed rules. If the
laws of all states v. re uniform then' might be
little object lou to such an arrangement, save on
Milne technical ground. Hut with Hi- laws dif
feting an widely as they dp II a*— M probably
be shttrpb challenged, Some states may not
require wsjhwrsll— and numbering. Would
cor? otr;ied la them l»»* fr.» to run anywhere
wlthoct those formalities? Bone states may
!cr7 taxes for" road improvement upon their
«••» , cutonKfbil.*. Would ta?y be inquired to
let cars from another state -two their roads ad
Hi.uai jrOLt-ut fceiujj taxed? Some states Lev*
laws strictly regulating tho runulng of alien
uutoaK.l>iies within their borders. Are those
laws to be arbitrarily annulled by federal en
actment ':
These poluts are suggested, not In any spirit
of hostility to the proposed law, but with a
desire to hare them and others carefully con
sldered In the Banking of the law, so that when
it is made It will be constitutional, effective and
satisfactory. Wo should greatly like to see
travel In motor cars, both within a state and
from state to state, made as easy and as free
from restrictions as are the older forms of loco
motion en the highways; though It may be that
that cannot be dove, but that the automobile will
hive always to pay some slight penalty in return
for the great advantages It enjoy*. But so rad
ical an innovation as the one BOW proposed de
mands the most careful consideration, if it Is to
avoid confusion worse confounded.
OUR MOXEY'B WORTH.
When Congress adjourns and the appropria
tions for the two sessions are counted tip the
usual cry will be raised of wastefulness and
extravagance. In 1990 and IS9I the fact that
ihe r.lst Congress spent a billion dollars was
seized upon as an unanswerable Indictment of
that body's patriotism and sense of responsi
bility. Now. the fact that the appropriations
of the 59th Congress have been between $1,500,
0001,000 and $2,000,000,000 will be similarly ex
ploited to startle the imaginations of the
groundlings. It is easy enough to go back
twenty years and show that the government
was then spending less than $1 where it is now
spending: mtore than $2. But such an exhibit
no more convicts the. Congress of to-day of
prodigality than It proves the frugality of the
Congress of twenty years ago. We are a much
bigger nation now than we were then, and our
growth has forced upon the government duties
and functions which It never used to exercise..
Bach comparisons In expenditure are mislead
ing. to<>. because of the vast enlargement of
the postal service. This service draws bo more
heavily now on the Treasury than it did two
decades ago sines the Treasury has only to
meet the small annual deficits Incurred In the
service. But while, Congress made nominal
postal appropriations of $50,000,000 a session
then, It is making nominal appropriations of
1300,000,000 a session now. Much of the ap
parent increase is therefore only a matter of
bookkeeping.
Appropriations increase and must continue to
increase. But the real point to be considered
is not whether we are spending more as a
nation, but whether we are getting an adequate
return for our money. Twenty years ago we
had only the beginnings of a navy. Not a sin
gle first class battleship flew our flag. Now we
have a navy adequate to our needs end worthy
of our pride. Twenty years ago we had a
standing army of 25.000 men and a military sys
tem destined to go to pieces on the first prac
tical test. Our coasts were undefended and
open to any enemy. Now we have a modern
ized army and an effective system of coast de
fences. Twenty years ago we had no immi
gration service, no public health and quaran
tine service, no forest reserves. Would the
country be satisfied to go back to the moro
primitive status? Does it bold the expenditure
unjustified which maintains the federal ma
chinery in its present vastly more efficient
state? it costs money to follow Washington's
advice and prepare in time of peace for the
sudden emergencies of war. It costs money to
guard the public domain, to prosecute frauds
in land entries, to enforce the laws against re
straint of trade, to regulate the operations of
common carriers, to protect the public against
fraudulent foods and diseased meat products,
to exclude undesirable Immigrants, and In a
hundred other ways to defend tho Interests of
the public. Measurer! by their present cost,
.these services are cheap, not dear. Federal ad
ministration calls for a greater actual outlay
than it used to call for. But let us remember
that federal administration was never before
ko active, so vigilant and so useful, and never
before accomplished so much for the average
citizen's protection, advancement and general
welfare.
IHE WASTREL WATERLOO.
Ulftll mmi and Judicious übsmeis generally ex
pected defeat of the Progressives In the London
Oosjßty Council election. flew If any expected
such an overwhelming defeat n^ actually <><•-
csjrred. In the former Council the Progressives
had more than a two-thirds majority — S'A in 118.
In the new Council they will be in a minority of
little if any more than one-third. The relative
strength nnd position of the two parties are al
most exactly reversed. SiMi a result Is not ;t
mere change, it is a revolution, it is the more
si^nitiiitiit because i; was effected through ;iii
maprecedentedly full vote of the citizens of Lon
don, after an uuprecedentedly earnest campaign
of investigation, education and discussion, while
The contrary result of three years ji^,» was se
cured by a light vote, after n comparatively list
less campaign, li is most of vii significant be
eaose it follows and is the climax of an extended
series of similar electoral results in the other
municipalities <>f the kingdom, 'i hose former
elections have already been commented upon as
indicating an tuunistakable «u<i emphatic reac
tiou against exiravagaut schemes of municipal
ownership and other socialist tads. That of last
Sai unlay in London added the approval of the
metropolis to the general judgment <>f the na
tion.
We need not repeat iv detail the causes of this
extraordinary revolution, which we nave hither
to expluiued. Paraphrase characterizations of
It as you may, the Issue was primarily and
fundamentally one of radical socialism against
conservative democracy. The Progressives have
been in control of tho County Council for many
years ; Indeed, for the whole eighteen years since
that body was created. The result, or one result,
is that London is now more than $515,000,000
in debt, of which about $225,000,000 is directly
chargeable to the Council. (New York, with a
population about 400,000 smaller than that of
the county of London, has a debt of about $460,
000,000.) In return for this increase of in
debtedness of $12,500,000 a year there is un
doubtedly much to show that is for the good of
the people. But there are also to show such
things as free billiard saloons and Turkish baths,
decorations of private buildings at public cost
and a Thames steamboat service operated at a
loss of $2G0,000 a year— the last being, a recent
champion of the Council declares, a matter to
which no serious importance is to be attached!
There are extensive manufacturing establish
ments conducted by the municipality In compe
tition with the private Industries which aro
taxed for the support of their municipal rivals.
There are tramway systems on which heavy loss
is averted only by tho expedient of leasing parts
of them to private operators, the receipts from
the leases serving to make good the losses OB the
lines operated by the municipality.
In brief, the Council has been running London
into outright socialism, with the result which we
should generally expect from such a process. It
lias been discovered — mirabile dictu! — that "the
State." to which socialists affect to look as an
inexhaustible source of beneficence, is, after all,
nothing but the people themselves, and that when
vast expenditures are ordered on the ground
that "the State is rich enough to afford it" a
burden of debt and of taxation in one form or
another is laid upon the people themselves, even
to the humblest of them. Th? law is inexorable.
Wlipu taxes on land and buildings are increased
rentals sire increased. When rentals nr.« in
rregaed the prices of commodities and the whole
east ef living are Increased; and the effect is
felt by the poor family which lives in two or
three rooms and buys a few dollars' worth of
goods at the corner she;? just as surely as by
'} NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY. MARCH 4. 1907.
the rich family which lives In a palace. Indeed.
the burden upon the poor Is proportionately
heavier than upon the rich. It is to a realiza
tion of these facts that London has awakened,
und that is the reason why all parts of the me
tropolis, including the distinctively working
men's districts, have so strongly repudiated so
cialism. Thus, in Battersea, where three years
ago Mr. Job 111 1 Burns was elected by 5,513 rotes
to 2.503 for his opponent, Mr. Burns's candidate
has this year been defeated by v Reformer.
The relation of municipal to national politics
should neither be exaggerated nor Ignored.
Originally, the County Council was assumed to
bo a non-partisan body, or to be divided on local
and not on national issues. So its two factions
were called Progressives and Moderates. But
more and more the Progressives have been Iden
tified with the Liberals and Radicals in national
politics, and the Moderates with the Conserva
tives and Unionists. In this last campaign the
Progressives made impassioned appeals for sup
port on the ground that a rote for them was a
vote of confidence in the Liberal government
and that a vote against them was a vote against
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and his col
leagues. We must regard this as an exaggerated
statement of the .case, and must esteem as more
accurate and just tho view of the Moderates,
who did not pose as Unionists or Conservatives,
but simply as Municipal Reformers, and who at
tacked the Progressives not as Liberals but as
Wastrels: nor should we be nt all surprised to
learn that the attempt of the Progressives to
identify themselves with the government reacted
against them and cost them many votes. Never
theless, the fact remains that the Progressives
are chiefly Liberals and Radicals and the Mod
erates are chiefly Conservatives and Unionists,
and for that reason the result of Saturday's elec
tion is not entirely void of significance In na
tional affairs. It will doubtless be regarded not
as a vote of want of confidence in or of rebuke
to the government, but as an admonition to the
government to adhere to those democratic stand
ards of true liberalism which have marked the
real strength of its party and not to forsako
them for the will-o'-the-wisps of socialism and
the Commune.
THE AXTI-SriCWE BUREAU.
The anti-suicide bureau Is saving men from
■elf-destruction at the rate of half a dozen a
day, which is very good, considering that the
total number of suicides a year in this city is
about nine hundred. If, then, the stern test of
statistics be appllwj, about twice as many are
being saved from self-destruction as annually
register their life weariness in the mortuary
records; but it is not fair to scrutinize suicide
saving in the light of anything so unsentimental
as figures. The would-be suicide goes about with
his heart upon his coat sleeve; he does not care
how many know what his grievance against life
is. He is often, oh, very often ! saved from the
"rash step" that he lets every one know he is
contemplating. In fact, we think that there is
probably no disease in which the percentage of
mortality is less than In Intending suicide."
When we contemplate the vnst army who are
saved by their friends, by their "sense of duty
to their families," by their regretful realization
that "suicide Is cowardly," by their feeling that
"you must not destroy what you cannot create,"
by the tearful entreaties of mothers, wives and
others of the sox in whom sympathy most abides,
we are forced to classify "thinking of suicide"
with whooping cough, toothache and the other
minor diseases whose deatli rute is luconslder
:iblo. still, wp believe in dentists fr>r toothache,
and balsam for whooping cough, and we believe
In sympathetic friends, tearful wives and an
heroic sense of virtue end self-restraint, restora
tive of self-complacency, for tho medication of
those thinking loudly of suicide; and for such
of them as have not the ministry of friends and
wives we believe In the anti-suicide bureau to
persuade them to walk a while with us yet in
this vale of tears.
It may seem a little odd to the habitually reti
cent that any one thinking of suicide should l>e
Invited to call up on a telephone or vifcit la per
son a strange bureau where men are dissuaded
from entering the viilley of the shadow. But
the person contemplating suicide 1h not of the
habitually reticent. He aches for human
sympathy, and a threat of . suicide Is his last
resort, his extreme method of exacting his
tribute of compssslon. Iv»«t us suppose that his
hus always bo^n a tale of woe. Let us suppose
that he has recited his trials and tribulations,
his ill health, his financial losses, bis bad luck.
bis criros. his worries, until from sheer Iteration
that mode of moving the sympathy of his circle
has lost somewhat of its effectiveness. What is
left for him but to picture himself na crushed
beneath his load of griefs and leaving the ways
"f men? As :i demand upon compassion tins
Is the human utmost. If a man is lonely and
detached. If he has no friends or family, or if
he has exhausted the emotional possibilities of
tlios*- he ban. .the anti-suicide bureau will supply
:i place for him to go nnd make his most power
ful appeal for sympathy. The man without
friends who is thinking loudly of suicide finds
there a heart whose business it is to be wrung.
The man thus thinklujf, if he has not frleuds or
family to 'save" him. should have some place to
go to with his tale of sorrow, whose relief is in
tin; tolling, to claim t hut sympathy which is his
birthright.
Probably it is its confessional character which
makes the new bureau so attractive. Humanity
likes to confess. To the ordinary man thinking
loudly of suicide his friends, until he abuses the
privilege, are a sort of private confessional; but
the lonely and detached enjoy no such senti
mental luxury. Even friends lire unequal to the
tusk of bearing nl! our confessions, und we em
ploy physicians and lawyers to listen to many
of tin-in. Thusu who find doctors' fees au ex
orbitant charge for the privilege of pouring sad
gcas into tlie professional ear have cheaper re
course to the patent medicine advertisements.
We suspect the relief of wrltiug a "testimonial"
must be enormous. You confess your "symp
toms" to a listening world. The new bureau is
a suicide's coufeshioual for the empty of pocket
THE FUTURE OF THE SALTOX SEA.
Simultaneously with the seventh and appar
ently the most successful attempt to close breaks
in the Colorado River, near the bead of the Irri
gation canal system of the California Develop
ment Company, the expediency of performing
the work has been called in question. It Is as
serted thet the rainfall at El Paso, Tex., has
been increased since the formation of the Salton
Sea, the gain amounting to five Inches upon the
average for fully half a century previous (12.62
Inches). Influenced by that statement, the Leg
islature of the Lone Star State a few days ago
adopted a resolution asking the Texas Senators
and Representatives In Congress to Investigate
the possible relationship between the two phe
nomena. The resolution further proposes, In
case it shall appear that a beiipficlnl change In
the climate has been effected by the watery ex
panse In the Salton basin, that the federal au
thorities be requested to let the Inflow continue
nnd to reimburse the owners of property who
would suffer in consequence.
Though some of the questions discussed in
the President's message on the subject are yet
to be decided. Mr. Uoosovelt is committed to the
idea of keeping the Colorado within Its normal
and ancient limits, the government acting in
place of tho California Development Company.
Moreover, in order to save time and minimize
the damage resulting from the latest breach, tho
Southern Pacific has wssumed the responsibility
of the other corporation, and a return of the
rirer to its legitimate channel has for nearly
three weeks been :;n accomplished fact. Before
there Is any change of policy, several new uncer
tainties, brought into prominence by the sugges
tions of the Texas Legislature, ought to be>
cleared up. Is the theory which that body has
provisionally promulgated sound? Is it true
that the rainfall at El Taso has been appreciably
enlarged? Has there beeii a corresponding In
crease in Arizona and New Mexico? What Is
the probable source of the vapor which Is con
densed and precipitated in Western Texas— the
Gulf of Mexico or the Pacific? On all these
points light should be readily obtainable at the
United States Weather Bureau in Washington.
Fully to rover the case an inquiry concerning
the possible influence of the Salton Sea on cli
mate should deal with temperature as well as
with precipitation. It certainly is credible that
evaporation from a large body of water would
mitigate the intense beat which is characteristic
of the region to the eastward of the Colorado,
and it is not unlikely that statistics can be ad
duced to establish that supposition. The utmost
caution should be exercised, however, in inter
preting rainfall data from a few stations, or
from only one. No feature of the weather be
trays such remarkable variations as the rain.
Reputable climatologlsts would hesitate, there
fore, to draw conclusions from figures indicating
the conditions which have existed for only n
year or two. Not until a period very much
longer — a quarter of a century, say — has
elapsed would It be feasible to determine sat
isfactorily whether or not fanners In Arizona,
New Mexico and Western Texas would be ben
efited by preserving the Salton Sea. How far
the matter has been investigated by Texas Con
gressmen already we do not know, but if the ex
perts of the United States Weather Bureau were
invited to render an opinion we strongly suspect
that they would say, in 6ubstance: "It Is yet
Impossible to form one."
The danger of basing theories on too narrow a
foundation is strikingly illustrated by the ex
pcrienco of the fruit growing region of Southern
California. In the last twenty-five years the
precipitation at Los Angeles has ranged from
5.53 to 38.26 inches. In six seasons during tnat
period the amount exceeded 20 Inches. In seven
it fell below 0. A few years ago, after two or
three dry winters, a bargain was made with a
professional rainmaker to help the farmers out.
The rainfall that season exceeded the prescribed
limit and the man received his fee. A year
later, without artificial help, the supply was
very much, larger. Again, it Is asserted that
during the current season the precipitation up
to February 1 had been greater than for any
whole winter In the last fifteen years.
UOXEY AWD BUSINESS.
Interest In the market for securities was very
narrow before the latest Investigation, and even
that little public demand has disappeared. In
addition to the depressing effect of an utter
absence of outside Inquiry, prices felt the ham
mering of aggressive operators for the short aid©
of the speculative account. These Influences
combined to carry the average of the sixty most
active railway securities down to $108 24. which
Is the lowest point since November 0, 1904, and
$17 75 a Fhar* below the high water mark es
tablished last year. After such a severe reac
tion, due In no measure to any depression In
business or loss of earnings, the market would
be considered attractive for bargain hunters if
that class of people had not vanished so com
pletely. Confidence Is maintained everywhere
except In "Wall Street, but the methods of high
finance have been exploited so thoroughly of lata
that money which formerly gravitated naturally
to the security market Is now Invested In almost
anything else. There Is no logic in much of the
criticism of railway management, most proper
ties being well administered and returning good
rates of Interest to the Investor at present quo
tations. Put lack of public support and suc
cessful attacks by manipulators make the mar
ket a dangerous place for speculative purchases
on narrow margins. One result of the light
business has been a decline In price of a Stock
Exchange membership to $75,000.
Higher rates In th* money market were not
due to speculative requirements, and can only
be attributed in part to preparation for March
Interest and dividend disbursements, although
those payments were larger than In the corre
sponding period of any preceding year. Short
term railway notes and active trade ar« th«
chief financial drains at the present time, and
the Treasury also absorbed cash somewhat free
ly last week. Eight months of the fiscal year
carried the excess of government receipts over
expenditures to 540.000.000, and the high water
mark of gross gold holdings was steadily ad
vanced until It stands above 12.000.000. The
new financial measure will give the Secre
tary of the Treasury more latitude in reliev
ing the money market. It Is not a long step
toward a perfect currency system, but has the
great merit of safety. By reissuing United
States notes in smaller denominations these
obligations, of the government may be kept in
circulation, to the mutual advantage of the
Treasury and the people. Banknote circulation
gains elasticity by increasing the monthly re
demption limit from $3.1)00.000 to $9,000,000.
customs receipts may be deposited with the
banks as collected, and other security than gov
ernment bonds may be held against these de
posits, while gold certificates of smaller denom
ination are also authorized. All these provisions
are good, anil It is to be hoped that further
monetary reforms will follow when the ad
vantages of this measure are demonstrated.
General business maintains a volume that con
stantly supplies Ml* records of movement or
sales or some other measure of commercial ac
tivity, and failures continue to make favorable
comparisons with the figures a year ago.
Freight congestion is relieved slowly, and until
products are distributed freely it will be Impos
sible to have entirely prompt mercantile collec
tions. There is some Improvement, however,
and the outlook grows more favorable as the
spring season draws nearer. Preparations for
Easter trade are of a size that evidences great
confidence, and attendance at spring Jobbing
sales of drygoods and millinery Is fully up to
expectations. Reports from the Interior toll of
a vigorous demand for agricultural implements,
and building materials are strengthened by nu
merous plans for new structural work to bo
begun a little later in the season. Foreign
trade Is fully maintained, exports of cotton con
tinuing abnormally heavy, while the outgo of
grain is exceeding the movement of a year ago
and would be still heavier if transportation to
the peat oast was equal to requirements. The
cotton market has encountered a variety of con
flicting estimates regarding the quality of re
ceipts during the balance of the season and the
surplus on hand next September. Anxiety re
garding poor grades should be relieved by the
readiness with which Southern mills absorb
these offerings, and the attitude of the market
as to excessive stocks was shown by a sharp
advance In prices. There was much aggressive
work by a leading speculator, but the spot sit
uation was equally strong, and March notices
were stopped so promptly that offerings had
no depressing effect. •
Manufacturing conditions are all that could
be desired in the leading Industries, although
customary talk of spring wage scales has begun.
As most skilled labor is now receiving higher
wages than were ever paid before In this or any
other country there is little cause for discontent,
and it is probable that agreements will be re
newed on the present basis. Pressure is still
phenomenal in the cotton goods market, tho
mills being unable to meet demands of tardy
purchasers, who still appear to bo numerous.
Doubtless there is the usual percentage of spec
ulative buying, hut legitimate business is suffi
dent to place producers In a most satisfactory
position. Wool Is In better demarid. and th»
rs!!!& resort less delay In opening- the season for
men's wear and dress goods, many clothiers
having returned home after placing liberal or
ders. Footwear shops receive supplementary
contiacts for spring shoes, but interest in fall
goods has not begun. As the factories have sev
eral months' business* on hand there is no anxi
ety regarding the next season's demand. Ste«l
mills reoelve new contracts at about the rat 3of
production, which keeps order books filled the
same distance ahead, and complaints of con
sumers regarding delayed deliveries are heard
In many sections. Sheets and tubes are the lines
of especial pressure at this time, but all forms
of railway equipment are sold far in advance.
and much foreign business could be had if th*
milla were able to make desired shipments. Pig*
Iron Is quiet, with more rumors of reduced prices
than can ba confirmed.
The Indiana State Railroad Commission has
recommended that employes of a railroad oe
held criminally liable for violating Us rules, such
as. for Instance, running past danger signals.
But engineers take a chance of something worse
than going to jail -when they run past a red
light, and if that chance will not deter them
there Is doubt if the other will.
Blood Is thicker than water, as Sir Henry
Campbell-Bannerman has once more proved, if
the Prime Minister has his way. England will
offer herself up to b« experimented upon by the
woman suffragists in order that America may
profit thereby. Here's hoping that the patient
survives the operation and that foreign onlook
ers may glean a notebook full of facts!
The Street Cleaning Department always has
an excuse. In the winter, if It waits lung
enough, snow comes and makes it Impossible
to remove the accumulation of dirt, because
there in not enough money to remove the snow.
In the summer It Is equally Impossible, for there
is not any snow to hold the dirt down long
enough for a '"white wing" to catch it. it flies
about the town with the department in hot pur
suit. The last thing any reasonable man ex
pects the Street Cleaning Department to do ts
to clean the streets.
Why nearly everybody wasn't killed by th©
wrecking of a Baltimore & Qjhto train ne;ir
Indian Creek is perfectly clear to Superintend
ent Flnney. The engine swunst off to the north
west, ami not the southwest, when it left the
rails. Can't this Important discovery be utilized
in the future? Why not equip all locomotives
with rudders, and issue the proper Instructions
to engineers concerning the course to steer in
similar emergencies?
Thoughts, cheerful and otherwise, are aroused
by the news that scientists are offering as much
as $1,500 for healthy human brains. A doctor
of Portland. Ore., so Informs "The Chicago
Record -Herald." and we hope tha statement Is
correct. For many persons it definitely answers
the vexed quest!on as to whether or not life is
worth living. Those whose brains can earn fT
them exactly $1.500 can solve this famous prob
lem only by taking other than cash considera
tions Into account.
PERSONAL.
In a cable dispatch to his paper the London cor
respondent of "The >?«w York Herald" alludes as
follows to the American Ambassador to Great
Britain: "Mr. Reid drring his stay here has mad«
himself more liked by English society than any
previous Ambassador that America has sent; an. l
a* for the Kin*. thos» who are behind th» scenes
make' no secret of the fact that his majesty re
gards Mr. Reid as one of his personal friends."
Dr. Isaiah F. Everhart. who has for forty years
practised In Scranton. P«*nn.. Is to give to that c!ty
a museum of natural history. It Is to consist of
three buildings. each x 44 by 84 fret, erected In a
rectangle, with one sl<l» open. This form was de
cided upon by the giver after a visit to the leading
museums In Euro;*. A space has been set apart
in NaytUg Park for the buildings. The museum
will tie endowed with collections of specimens that
represent forty years of research In this country
and Europe.
Chief Pleasant Porter, ruler of ten thousand
Creek Indians, may be one of th* Democratic car.
didates for the United States Senate from the new
•tats of Oklahoma. Like Senator Curtis, of Kansas.
Porter's father was a white man and his mother a
squaw.
Czar Nicholas Is a good hand at whist and plays
a great deal. I*ast year he and his intimates us^d
twelve hundred packs of cards, which t-ost over
$5,000. His cards are made of the finest linen rags,
with a water mark of the Imperial eagle and
crown. Th- Russians, by the way. are the greatest
card players in the world, their yearly expenditure
on cards being about $1,000,000.
THE TALK OF THE DAY.
Dr. Bierle. of Philadelphia, has purchased a plot
of 100 acres on the Pocono Mountain, about a mil*
•nd a half from Creseo. on which he Intends to
esiaMlsh a colony of Roycrofters. There Is to be
a large central administration building, and about
this will be grouped th« cottage homes of the
members of th* society, which will be created as
they are required. Broadbead's Creek flows through
Ike tract, and the location is considered one of the
most sightly and desirable in all that picturesque
and beautiful region.
Cholly Nowltt— D'ye know. Miss Smart, though
I've only just met you. there seems to be a sort
of Intellectual sympathy between us? You know
just how to appeal to my tastes, you see. An
you a literary woman?
Dolly Smart— No; I'm a kindergarten teacher.
— Philadelphia Inquirer.
The largest riding hall In th» army will be at Fort
Leavenwortl:, Kansas, the contract for the con
struction of which has been awarded by the Quar
termaster General to Fred Tarry, for $73,350. It
will be 300 feet long and 100 feet wide.
"Of course, the doesn't like discussions about
ages."
"No; usually when «he's questioned about hers
•li« Just »ays nothtnir but lies low."
"Yen.; or if tl'-e aays anything she lies low."—
Philadelphia Press.
A French provincial paper has a story of a
gamekeeper who. going his round one night, saw a
poacher and pursued him, but lost him on the
highway In the darkness. Soon a motor car came
up. and the keepe? accepted an offer from the oc
cupants to get In for the purpose of following the
poacher. But nothing could be seen of the culprit.
and when the keeper asked to be let down there
was a burst of laughter and an Intimation he
would find himself in Paris before morning. In
the twilight the motor stopped in the Place de la
Concorde, the keeper was thrown out. and the
— which, of course. Included the poacher-
drove away. The unlucky keeper bad to pawn hla
gun In order to pay his train fare back.
THE I.A MR.
I stood at the nation's market place
And sifted the tumult there.
I harked to the bellow of bellicose bull
And grunt of disgruntled bear. ■
But I listened In vain for the plaint ef pain
Of the ewe that had lost Us dam:
Though the bull and the bear were rampant there
There was never the sound of the lamb.
They sheared him down to his tender skin—
Me. paid them to take that. too.
But never a bleat was heard In The Street
As he faded away from view.
Oh. what of the silence of th© Sphinx?
The reticence of the clam?
They sound like a riot in Chinatown
To the little Wall Street lambi
The bear and the bull are always full—
They gorge, while he pays the bill.
Who ever saw a Wall Street lamb
Keep anything— still?
—GARRET SMITH.
A petition requesting that a bounty of five cents
be placed upon magpies has been forwarded to tho
Legislature of Washington by about five hundred
residents of the township of North Yakima. Farm
ers and sportsmen are th* principal signers. The
former assert that ma spies cause much loss to
their poultry, while the sportsmen declare that
there Is no greater enemy to the game birds than
the magpie.
Policeman (holding down a tramp on sldewatkv-
No damage, ma'am: he's merely having a nt.
Kind I «dy— Gracious r Shall I get some water
and throw It m bis face?
Policeman— Do you want to kill hlmT-Seattle
HAGUE COVETS POWERS
Discussion of the Questions li'aiss
by Mr. Carnegie.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Your editorial reply to Mr. Carasassw
letter, both published in yesterdays Issuer
your paper, raises several questions cf "fc.*
mense importance about which the averaga nw
telllgent man is ill informed.
As one who has attended four tnternatlaast
peace congresses and many Mohonk arbam!
tion conferences, and speaks for many ttad^i
of international questions, permit me to pjZ
sent the following considerations:
First— As Justice Brewer, of the Suproa*
Court, said at Mobonk. and as all peace pro|».
gandtsts agree, "the Hague court will ne*»»
need an army behind It to enforce its decision."
History fails to record a single instance out of
two hundred and fifty settlements of tntcrifi
tional difficulties by courts or commissions. at
any nation that refused to abide by the declslo^
of the tribunal. If anything more thai a seas,
of honor is ever needed, the power of compel.
slon will be ostracism or the boycott. CMa«5
merchants, unaided by their government, recent!
ly showed us what pressure a fraction of a weaV
people, without a navy, can bring against a
strong one. On government at once ordered a
less drastic and unreasonable enforcement n f ex
clusion laws against the upper class of Chines-"
Were a strong; nation, like our own, through
its government, to withdraw diplomats &at
put on an embargo, especially should two «
three governments combine to do thia, no nation
would hold out against them three weeks to
refusing either to take legal measures to setth
its quarrels or to abide by the decision of th ,
court. The mere threat of ostracism would fa
most cases be sufficient. A naval battle dot*
not directly affect men, women and chlldni a*
once, but a rise in the price of commodities and
disarrangement of business would be instantly
feit. i The power of the boycott or ostracism ii
one to be reckoned with in the future, and l"
far more effective than machine guns and dyna
mite, an.l means no loss of life or a subseques*
generation of bitten A country that feS
Europe ninety days a ear needs no great nan
to protect her from European aggression. e£
bargoes would be complex and costly, but vastly
leas so than war or that supposed remedy fni
war— a great navy that must be rebuilt ever*
ten years. A boycott could end with a cabi»
dispatch. *It takes many months to evacuatv
disarm and readjust after hostility *
■scond <-- urr( . nt discussion Ignores neutralize.
IL" •'•'/ W 7* P* o^ l ** »»*ch would enormously
Simplify international problems. Wer» ,h, h -
Philippines neutralized by agr»*m»nt of th,
powers that will meet at The Hairue m JunY
, we could reduce our navy one-half. A3a 3 one of
our naval officers admits - w. could then hon:
orabry leave this costly encumbrance, thus to
sunns the natives from asrer- by any on#
and leaving them as w^ii fitted for self-govern
ment as a. dozen other parts of the* world which
we do not trouble ourselves to supervise ' Vor
way. it is reported. Is already seeking neutraliza
tion by her neighbors, that she may ba relieve'
of the burden of militarism and us** her scan'
resources for internal improvomenta * " "**"
Third— A point neglected in all this dtseosslal
is that as soon as the world is further organized
an international police win replace rival armlej
and navies. The first step toward that m Us #
be the agreement at the second Hague confe-
ence to establish a stated advisory world con
gress, which will be the necessary machinery
by which all improvement of ir.frrationai rela
tions must come.
You say. refenftasj to JTr Carr.esrie's letter
"Th« Implied suggm that nations are t<>
abnegate their own national sovereignty an(
surrender it tn some alien tribunal, however
distinguished and benevolent, is sr> imposalbla
as to put the whole proposition beyond the pal*
of serious consideration."" Would a court whica
we helped to constitute be- rsoma alien tri
bunal?" At present the two nations at tssm
choose their own judges at the Hagu» tri
bunal. "When one of onr states has aa tots
with another and the Supreme Court se'tsntt,
has either lost any part . ■? its own sovereign.;
that it cannot wen afford to lose to avert tf»
alternative of war -with no certainty nf war set
tling the case Justly? The greatest glory of our
country is that the principles of organization'
which have maintained pe.ac© with justice be
tween one state and another have proved so
effective that now. when science Is annihilating
time, and space, we may extend th?m so as to
make not merely forty-seven united states
bnt a united world. Everything else— business,
population. education— is expanding, and or
ganization, which makes possible peace with
Justice must expand to Include the globe
LUCIA AMES MEAD.
Boston. Feb. 24. I{X">7.
Th* attempt to draw an analogy between the
relationship of our states to the Federal Ur.toa
and that of sovereign nations to the Congrew
at Th© Hague or some stated advisory world
congress fails, and the analogy is incomplete.
Just as was that analog- incomplete which Mr.
Andrew Carnegie tried to draw between I ts re
lations of Individuals to a court and thosa cf
nation* to a tribunal of arbitration. Th» states
of tins Union are not completely sovereign.
Under the terms of the Constitution they are
all equally subject, in certain matters, to fed
eral Jurisdiction. Whan state* of this Union
submit their differences to the federal :bunal
they do not lose so\-erelgnty. for when tho7
adopted the Constitution they renounced sov
ereignty to that extent. But nations have not
thus renounced sovereignty in favor of any
International authority. We d>> rot fce'.Sevt
they win ever do so. We certainly <io rot be
lieve they ever should do so. Science may anal*
tulate time and space, as our correspondent re
minds us; but It will nut annihilate the sense
of nationality or the passion of patriotism. T>
our correspondent's Inquiry, M a court which
we helped to constitute would be an "alien
tribunal." we may unhesitatingly answer yes,
if the majority of Its members were attsnsi II
is quite conceivable that this country would
submit some matters to such a tribunal for
adjudication, as i: has hither- done. That it
will ever en>rase. without reservation or Quali
fication, in advance thus to submit all asgi
tlons and all claims which may be brou;aS
against it. we cannot conceive.

CALLS LABORERS LAZY.
Doctor Says Craven Should Improve
Present Forces.
To th« Editor of Ths Tribune.
Sir: It may be true, as Commissioner Cravea
claims, thai he has not men enough Is clean all
the streets of New York, but he certainly ha*
sufficient force to clean and to keep clean a part
of them. What the citizens complain of Is tast
non* of the work of bis department la well dona.
None of the streets are thoroughly cleaned and
kept clean. His men don't get up early enough
and they don't »or!; efficiently. intelligently and
constantly when they are up. A more listless.
slowly moving. eternally restluc and pipe llgh^a?
set of laborers could hardly be found by orsaalsea
search throughout the civilized world. This when
there Is no snow. After a snowstorm, when it*
snow removers arc at work. th» street cleaners are
almost Invisible for a few days. They don't •*•»
carefully attend to the gutters during this time.
Where ar« they all? No one knows.
When the Bnow Is finally removed, how shall we
use temperate words of the holes In the< a»pha»t.
endangering th« horses, an.l the clouds of dust,
literally blinding our eyes and choking us. woico
uri.-o from the Inch or two of gritty.- microbe I** B ™
dirt, which has been scraped, but not removed.
Many diseases may be probably traced to the vs.
removed dirt of our streets.
If th« Commissioner will look after his tospOßt
ors. or local bosses, and see that th» men he ass
are doing their work thoroughly and constantly.
New York will at least as clran In certain P»«S«
It Is now nowhere clean. The present condition
of the streets almost rivals that of lS&I-'SJ. wnea
street cleaning was under the charge of th» 011 *
I>epartment. Then the long suffering New JL or Tl
ers. voiced by the. eloquence, of Joseph H. C™* l .
and others, successfully appealed to the J*p*js"
tur# for relief from the consequences of ISOM* 1
tlfncy and neglect. . "
What we now need is not a despairing; cry fW r*
Inforcements— often merely th» wail of an »«**?r*
petent and beaten general— executive *«"•'
mill fore* of character to do the best possible *"-•»
the men now In the service. If that cannot t> •
obtained with tit present -.scorer. It ■■•
that the Mayor. whors» the rltlsras have a ri.B
to hold responsible, should find a man who wss
do what Waring did. an.J what others ran c>
that is. keep the greattr part of the strteW ■"•
New York City, not only at times, but , ejs*
stnntly. clean. I>. B. ST. JOHN ROO3A- M 0 " z-
Mew tork CUT* htaich ?, UK.

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