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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 10, 1907, Image 18

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'*
A HOWITZER FROM TEXAS
NAVY SHARPSHOOTERS.
On the Great Target Ranges at
Guantanamo.
[Frim The TrSbuno Hurt-au-1
Washington. March 9.- The enlisted m<-n of tho
navy attached to the shii>s of the Atlantic fleet
have completed their small arms practice on the
astensive target ranges at the navy station at
Buantanamo. in Cuba. They are now at liberty,
the ships having tailed at various ports in order
|» give the men a little >>\<y> ►rtunity for diversion
The vessels will^rcassemble in a week or two
BOUTM END OF THE 300 YARD FIRING LINE AT GUANTANAMO NAVY STATION
■ !:■..[ .... U.i hii.^t. i: |
and will begin the record target firing with the
biff guns, the rosult of which i:i the various
classes of ships will determine the presentation
of the trophy for excellence In that style of
Marksmanship. This year the small arms tar
get practice lias been of unusual Interest to th*
enlisted men, both bluejackets and marines.
They have been firing with the small arms and
the pistol, and the competition has been keen.
The ship's crew making the best showing will
receive one of two new cup*?, large silver em
blems, which have just been adopted by the
bureau of navigation us annual trophies for
superiority on the target range with the small
arms. The other cup will go to the ship mak
ing the best score In the new Pacific fleet.
The target range ;-.t Guantanamo has been
freatly . Improved in the last year. A shelter
house has been built there for the men,
and it is proposed to bui I a similar structure
for the '. •■ <>f the ofilcirs. Telephones haw
been Installed, together with the telegraph.
The Navy Department possesses unsurpassed
faciliti -s for conduct! targi-t {tact ice for boat
gun:». email arms and *»-in<h Held pieces at
the naval station at Gunnlanamo, regarding
■which establishment navy officer* who have vis
ited the place express themselves with much
enthusiasm.
The ranges extend from the Bcuth shore <>r
GranadlUa Bay to near the army boundary line
In the Cuzco Hills. The boat gun ranges con
sist of regulation targets on raft-- moored on
the edge of the mangroves on th ■ south shores of
Cran:ulil!a and Quantanamo bays. In sufficient
depth of water fir a steam launch to go along
side, and located so as not to Interfere with one
■Mother or with any firing that may be going on
©t ranges on shore, or with traffic in the bay;
%uoys. properly marked, are placed at 400 and 800
yards. There are now four such targets in plac<
uid this number has been found sufficient for
the fleet this year. There is roczn for as many
more as may be desired.
The artillery range has two targets, at I.OO'i
and 1.2 M yards, respectively, located at the fool
of the ("uzco Hills, and ao placed as not to inter
fere with firing elsewhere on any other ranf, r e
Trails have been cut for communication from fir
ing points to targets and marked by signboards.
Pits for markers will probably be constructed.
t l'_». binding fur this ranjjo is placed so as to be
NEW- YORK PAILV TRIBUTE, 6U-SDAY, MARCH 10. 1907.
most quickly reached from the ships. The en
deavor in laying out the rifle and pistol ranges
was to take the fullest advantage of the natural
features of the land to meet the present and fut
ure needs of the service, to make it safe to to*
at all ranges simultaneously and without Inter
ference. This ha« been done successfully, the in
tervening hill between the two main ranges
making It saJ,> to fire at all distances oa one
range without danger or Interference with the
other. It was realised that for years to come
only n. s?nai! percentage of the men would »jua!
ir.v for firinvr at i:\rv-Tes above SM yard;. The
rang< : were, therefore, l;n i out primarily to
meet Ibis demand, bul v. ■ r-' so located aa to be
available as far as possible f'.r ranges uj> to
l.Onri yards. On moil target ranges higher range
firing i.- time on the same butt, the Increased
range be ins gained by dropping back.
Tills method is all very well in a match, bat
for a large body of enlisted men, who can have
only a limited time on the range, and the ma
jority of whom lire only at 200 and CUM yards,
drojipln;; back for the higher ranges is unde
sirable, although from the conformation of the
land it ia perfectly feasible and can be safely
done. However, to avoid all confusion the avail
able location fur a tangi in t:-.r adjactnt valley
was used primarily for a ran-:' 1 for expert rifle
men, a butt being located s<> thai it could l
used for 000 yards from the end of the valley,
and beyond it was placed a butl for MOO and
l.<>|*> yards; the Bring points for these butts
being so placed as nol to cause any Interference
when used Blmultaneously, the l,OtM>yard butl
being Bo:ne '.',* feel in elevation abov< tin <». K l .
and tin liriiis !:!..- bi iri^J the same h; Ight above
the GOO and in rear of it. This range can, how
ever, be US -d at all intervening ranges, from
ll r > yanis u;> to IMIO yards.
There are. therefore, two principal ranges, lo
rated In two adjacent valleys; the lust range
of two Lu'.ts, a 000-yard, with 13 ' Mi" targets
OLD MEXICAN GUNS.
placed at the standard distance of 15 feet be
tween centres, and a 1.000-yard butt, with five
"C" targets placed at the standard distance of
22 feet between centres. It is believed that
these two butts, or these ranges, will accommo
date all the men who will qualify in the service
for these higher ranges for years to come an<l
for practising for team matches. The second
range consists of two butts, with a single firing
line, arranged in echelon, one butt with 110
"A" targets. 300 yards from the firing line; the
other *XH> yards from the firing line, with CD "A"
targets, the firing line being interrupted be
tween the two butts by a hummock whose po
sition baa been taken advantage of to cut a
trench from firing line to butts for communi
cation, a matter of great importance when the
markers especially are inexperienced and have
to be changed frequently. Both the HO and UO
butts were located primarily, as stated, for
firing at IftiO and .Ji»» yards, but each of these
butts is available for about half its length for
ranges up to I.OUU yards by dropping back.
Trophies Surrounding the War Dc~
part men t.
ITn an Thf T-ibanv Fiurraii I
Washington, March '♦.—ln what may be called
the front yard of the War Department Building.
the sunke:; garden facing Pennsylvania avenue,
is an interesting collection of captured trophies.
They are guns which have come from various
places, and which have been mounted as a
means of preserving arid exhibiting the different
classes <<( ordnance used In former years.
One "f these i.s a Revolutionary gt::i of about
0-inch cc'.iLre. a bronze howitzer. it bears the:
Tru>:ioirr.i: . of George 11. and was evidently built '
by one v;i"r^n in 17"5 O. It is a fine specimen of
bronze • ... ting, an ! was surrendered by the Sar
atoga convention in October. 1777.
.-....: at hand la a castiroa howitzer, which
was presented to the Republic of Texas by Gen
eral T. I. Chambers. it bears the single star
emblematic of the Lone Star Republic.
Interesting objects in the collection are two
bronze guns bearing the title st Matthew and
St. M::rk. They were raptured la Mexico, ami
belonged to a battery of four gur.s. one of which
is now in Fremont, Ohio, anil ar.cther at Gov
ernor's island, in New York Harbor.
Another variety of gun is a bronze scacoasl
rule of (*"•• inches calibre, which was captured
LOOKING TOWARD THE 110 "A- TARGETS AT GUANTANAMO NAVY STATION.
(Prom The Tribune Bureau, Washington.)
by the United States at Santiago in IS9& It
was evidently made in Seville, back in 1779. It
la a tint* example of bronze casting, as indeed
arc ail of these old cannon.
Two relics of the Revolution arc represented
by ship's guns of cast iron. They wen- made by
Boven in 17»H» Tiny are without embellishment
or record, but are notable for their workman
ship;
A Kirn which bears many emblems, decora
tions and Insignia is a bronze cannon which
was taken at Santiago in ISDS. The records
show that it was mmVii in France in 1745, and
it is highly prized as an example of design and
production in bronze. The outside of the pun
bears its name "J.*» Farouche" (the Fierce), a
Latin motto, the emblem of the loose of Ituur
HULKS OF BATTLE.
A FRENCH GUN FROM CL.3A.
bon. the French crown and coat of arms
motto of Louis XIV and a blazing sun
gether. It to aa ornate structure for a
bearing so formidable a title.
The collection is most appropriately
within the War Department reservation
ing the White House. It presents fine t *
of types of ordnance which have outli i •
days of efficiency. The trophies n>pr»
course, the American achievements bo
i. _____ — . — ' -———__—,
ICE BATHING: COPENHAGEN'S LATtiT
CRAZE.
Midwinter bathing has become fashionable
among men and women in Copenhagen. Both
in the sea and lakes. v*hen frozen ever, the
ice is broken End pacple enjoy the chil'y dip.
This is said to act as a powerful tanic to the
system. — -,iit-atrj l»ntion News.
and are at once instructive as a.n exhibit and in
spiring as an example.
THE EVER /:/:i/>v PUMP.
William Barclay Parsons, the engineer. Is -.
fee to scamped work, and at a recent dinner
cc said:
"Thai man la most unwlss who tries to get
his work don? cheaply. Cheap work can always
be secured, but the quality of such work is on
its face 1 '
Mr Pars .;'t<.d him.
tell a> ftari.
"There was a man." he sail. "who entered ;*
dairy and asked how much the milk was.
'* 'Ten cents a quart, sir." the young woman
behind the counter answered.
"The man looked disappointed.
•• "Haven't you got any for six cents?* M
asked.
" "No." said the young woman: "but." she added,
'we can soon make you some.* "
English, French Etchings
Or 18111 CEXTTKT.
mezzotints, rnorcs A>D cabbon*
OF ALL EUROPEAN C.AI I.t.nti;-.
2 West 2Sth St. GEORGE BISSL.

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