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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 20, 1907, Image 3

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j. STOLIPffI'S POLICY.
%EAl> REFORM PROPOSED.
Great Right* Offered to Russian* —
4 Warning to the Douma.
m . Petersburg. March 19.— The Ministerial
£eclara tion> setting forth the government's pro
jjynjnme for legislation, was read this afternoon
« premier Stolypin before the lower house of
-gj-jiament. assembled in th* Hall of the Xo
bnity-
declaration of policy, which was studiously
fourteous la tone and avoided reference to
r&oses of contention, was received In silence by
»n the Members of parliament. m. Stolyrin was
not Interrupted, and at the close of his address
received hearty applause from the Conserva
tives.
premier Ftol>*pin laid down as cardinal princi
ples that the government was creating standards
of life which would change Russia into a legal
ftite on the basis of the granted reforms, and
th»t the chief task was to co-ordinate the old
ana new principles of government. After de
fending the action of the government In promul
gating temporary laws based on the will of the
inon&r'-h and the crying needs of the people, the
Premier enumerated the government's meas
ures, as follows:
Freedom of speech and of the press.
Liberty of religion.
Habeas corpus, on the some basis as other
Biases.
The substitution of a single form of martial
jaw for the various decrees of exceptional se
curity
Local self-government.
reform of the zemFtvns.
Responsibility o? officials.
Agrarian reforms.
The abolition cf th« free entry of goods Into
Vladivostok.
Correction of the Transsfberlan Railroad in
Eusslsn territory.
PcpujET education.
M. 6to'ypin'a statement opened with a recital
of the difficulties which confronted the govern
ment. Ho paid that all the bills to be submitted
to the house had been drawn up with the general
idea of ul.holdingu l. holding the new legal conditions aris
ing from the recent reforms, and added:
Our courtry must be transformed Into a con
rtitutior.al state. Real measures must be adopt
ed to define and determine the rights of the
ttßTe and of private Individual* and to abolish
the oontradirti-kna between the old and new laws
and the arMtrary interpretations placed upon
ifct-rr. by private persons as well as officials.
M. Stolypin then enumerated the laws which,
taring to the urgency of the situation, hail been
promulgated before the meeting of parliament.
and said they were now submitted to the house
for its consideration. He thought he need not
emphasize the necessity for urgency in the%dop
tlon of the laws determining the civic status
of all elapses, and legislation by which the peas
ants could obtain more land, thus removing the
hardships now felt by the most nervous section
of the Russian nation. It was for this reason
that the government had promulgated laws
handing over crown lands and imperial estates
to the peasants, and otherwise Improving their
lot.
The government, the Premier added, was now
rreparing a series of bills for carrying out
the grants of the imperial manifesto of October
20. 1903. which had not yet been made effec
tive, such as liberty of conscience and inviol
ability of person. Before legislating for the
pssrpoaa of assuring religious tolerance, the
government esteemed It necessary firmly to lay
down the principle that all legislative changes
must recognize the fact that Russia was a
Christian state in which the Orthodox Church
was privileged. The Russian nation had always
br*n Inspired by the Orthodox religion, which
was the glory and power of Russia. Neverthe
less the rights of the Orthodox Church must
not Infringe on the rights of others, and the
Mncat was Introducing a series of laws
flealir.g: with proselytlsm and the holding of dl
vlr.p services.
The Premier proceeded to quote from the
measure guaranteeing Inviolability of person.
based on the general principles existing In
constitutional countries, all interference- with
this personal right being- reserved for the Judi
cial authorities.
The exceptional laws, of which three varieties
Mist, would be essentially modified. The gov
ernment, for Instance, had decided to abrogate
administrative exile.
M. Stolypin promised a complete reorganiza
tion cf the zemstvos and the municipal and
other local administrations.
Entering on some of th% details of the pro
posed changes which, the Premier said, tended
to the centralization of all civil power in the
various di*tricis. the Premier said that the re
form of the !oL-al courts would be based on the
election of the Justices of peace by the local
populations. T!.« Minister of Justice would
present bills, patterned on the procedure of
'•Ivil and criminal law In other European etates.
which would mean an entirely new criminal
code, us well as laws relating to mortgages and
real estate.
The Premier then outlined the plans for in*
'•^ntral ag^lr-ultural administration to assist
'h*» peasants in establishing themselves on the
ric-wiy purchased !and, aid Bald he recognized
the fact that it was the duty of the state to
assist in Improving the lot of the workmen.
Conpidertng that the labor movement tends to
ameliorate the condition of the working classes.
»h» Government will liar all measures for ar
tificial support and will support all measures
t'-ndinu to its restriction. The government must
also safeguard th<* Interests of society, in order
to profot it againrt excesses, but the govern
ment will asrare full lil*-rty of action both to
employer* and thHr workmen, In^ludlnsr freedom
in the matter of economic strikes.
as positive reforms the government Intends to
introduce workmen's insuranr-p, old age pen
sions and medial relief, to prohibit night and
urider~round work for women nr.d children, and
provide shorter hours for all working people.
Th» aiinister of Commerce, the Premier said,
would present a bill providing for the protec
tion of Russian Interests In the Par East by
the abolition of the free ports established some
Sears ago. and railway extension. Including an
Ainoor line, r.i run from a point In the Trans
t'alkal territory to Khabarovsk, with the view
•f establishing uninterrupted communication be-
eon Eurcj>ean Russia and the Far East. The
line would be entirely in Russian territory. it
«t.s demanded by the vital Interests of the em
pire.
JVallr.ij with the educational question, the
"■form of which the government recognized as
r.c<«esery In order to assure the realization of
other measures. M. Stolypin announced that a
■ystem of free education would be established.
•»«! that this later would be made compulsory.
In conclusion the Premier asked the House to
deal with the budget immediately, and thus
Pure, Healthful. Refreshing
Apollinaris
" The Queen of Table tVaters"
furnish adequate means to carry out the re
forms, adding:
Whatever our efforts to preserve peace, what
ever the necessity to pacify the country, if we
lesire to regain our military power and the
<ngnlty of our country if we will not consent to
lf>«e the place we occupy among the great
powers, we cannot recoil before the necessity of
the expenditure imposed upon us by Russia »
great past. The extraordinary character of
these requirements demands extraordinary re
sources. The Minister of Finance therefore,
will propose fresh taxation, including an in
come tax and a modification of tho death duties.
The pacification and regeneration of great
Russia are possible only through the realization
of now principles of government I am ready
to make thf> greatest effort? My word, goodwill
and experience are at the disposal of the Douma.
which will find in the government collaborators
who regard It as their duty to safeguard the
Mstoric aspirations of Russia and restore order
and calm to the country— that is to say. a firm,
real Russian government, as It should and will
be— the government of his majesty the Em
peror.
Prince Zeretcli. who spoke after the Premier
on behalf of the Social Democrats, made a fiery
address, which caused an angry scene between
the members of the Right and Left parties, in
which euch epithets as "liar." "murderer" and
"Inclter of outbreaks against the Jews" were
frequently exchanged.
The prince Introduced a resolution which ar
raigned the government for violating all the
rights of the people promised In the Imperial
manifesto of October SO. 1905, with filling the
prisons with Liberals, the Introduction of drum
head courts-martial, protecting the organizers
of rlote, countenancing the Assistant Minister
of the Interior (If. Gurko) and other culpable
bureaucrats In high places, robbing the peasants
through the purchase of estates by the Peasant
Bank, despoiling the working classes, and un
just discrimination. The resolution closed as
follows:
The Socialists expect from the bureaucracy
nothing at present. Parliament must base Itself
only on the strength of the people. Its ta-k Is
the organization of the nation and the unifica
tion of the forces of liberty. In entering on
this work the Douma does not forg»t its friends
who are In prison, and announces that the
pe--.pl- can liberate these fighters for freedom
only when they themselves are free.
Prince Zeretelll was followed by Prince Dol
goroukoff, who. In behalf of the Constitutional
Democrats, moved that the house, having
listened to the Ministerial declaration of policy.
proceed to the order of the day. He was sup
ported by the spokesmen of the Group of Toll
and the Polish Nationalists. A general debate
was then opened. The speakers were all Con
servatives or Social Democrats, the other par
ties in the house declining to take part.
Finally Premier Stolypin again arose, and In
a second speech laid down the ultimatum that
the house must confine Itself to legal paths.
While honest criticism was welcomed. UM gov
ernment would not permit revolutionary aB-
Eaults or firebrand tactics. If tiie house chose
to cry "Hands up!" to the government. l<=t It
beware.
The motion of the Constitutional Democrats
was then adopted and the debate was closed.
The Council of Empire responded to the min
isterial declaration of policy by a resolution ex
pressing willingness to co-operate with the gov
ernment In Its legislative programme. During
the debate Count Wine made a brief speech
In which he said he would support this resolu
tion provided It did not imply a vote of confi
dence In the ministry.
FRENCH ELECTION BILL.
Radical Changes Proposed— To Re
duce Representation.
Paris, March 19.— A bill Intended to Introduce
a complete change In the French parliamentary
electoral system has Just been adopted by the
General Suffrage Committee of the Chamber of
Deputies, and will soon bo brought up for dis
cussion. It is based on the prlnolnle of propor
tional representation. The committee has ln
creaned the period of the Deputy's mandate to
six rears, Instead of four. The number Of rep
resentatives Is to be reduced from .r»0l. r »0l to about
4iKJ.
By the new system each department is to be
regarded as a distinct electoral district, entitled
to return one Deputy for every 'J,",(«n> voters,
and one In addition In case tho division ->f the
total number of voters Into fractions of «.">,<><•«>
leaves a surplus figure of over r>.<i"«> Should
any department, by reason of its population, be
entitled to more than ten Deputies, It will bo
subdivided Into two or more constituencies, each
to be treated as a separate department fur
electoral purposes, and entitled to elect as many
Deputies as it contains multiples of 25,tJuO
electors.
An Innovation as far as Franco Is concerned
Is to be. introduced ln,to the method of voting
Ea'h voter Is to have as many vot»-H as th<-r<i
are Deputies to be elected In his department
or constituency, and lie may flther rilstrlbutn
them among the candidates or cast them all
for one.
MOVEMENT AGAINST HOME RULE.
Opposition in Great Britain — Preparing for
an Active Campaign.
London, March 10.— The Unionist campaign
against the legislation which th<* government
expects to Introduce after Easter, giving partial
home rule to Ireland, was formally opened to
day. A strong deputation of residents of Ulster.
Including about fifty leading anti-home rulers,
headed by the Duke of Abercorn and Lord
Lancdowne, had a conference with A. J. Half our,
the Opposition leader, this afternoon, urging the
necessity for an active movement against the
government's Irish policy. Mr. Balfour said that
he was authorized to pledge every member of
the Unionist party to fight everything in tha
nature of home rule. He added that he be
llev^l the sentiment of the country b;id not
changed on the subject since the defeat Of
Mr. Gladstone's homo rule measure.
CENSORSHIP IN PORTUGAL.
LJsbor.. liarcn 19— The efforts of the Liberals in
favor of freedom of speech and of the press hav<»
been unavailing. The new Censorship bill whs
adopted to-day by the. Chamber of Deputies by Gl
to 3S votes.
GLENS FALLS TO SEEK CITY CHARTER.
[By TW««rapt» to The Tribune,]
Glens Falls. K. V.. March 19.— The villas© of
Glens Falls, the largest In the state and the sec
ond largest In the United States, to-day decided
to petition the Legislature for a city charter. The
Democratic village ticket was elected by more than
100 majority.
CONGRESSMEN REACH KINGSTON.
Kingston. Jamaica. March 19.— The American
Congressmen who have been Inspecting the work
on the Panama Canal arrived here to-day from
Colon on the steamer Panama. They express fat
lsfacUon with the progress made In the construc
tion work The Panama sailed for New Tork this
afternoon.
The party referred to In the above dispatch 1s
headed by 6*reno E. Payne, of New York; John
Dalzell. of Pennsylvania, and General J. Warren
Kelrer. of Ohio.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. MARCH. 20. 1007.
PEASANTS ATTACK JEWS
FLEEING FROM RUMANIA.
Cross Border Into Austria — A Town
in Flames.
Vienna, March 19.— According to a telegrram
received here from Czernowltz. an Austrian
town close to the boundary of Moldavia, Ru
mania, advices have been received there from
the Austrian frontier police stationed at Itzkanl
and Suozawa that the anti-Jewish outbreak in
Rumania Is assuming serious, proportions. Peas
ants have attacked and plundered Jews at Bur
duzhenl, who are fleeing over the frontier to
Itzkani. About two thousand fugitives, mostly
women and children, have already crossed tha
frontier.
Other reports declare that further serious dis
turbances have occurred at Botosalml. where
the peasants have set fire to the houses of Jews,
and as a result almost the entire town Is in
flames. The Hebrew Alliance of Vienna is pre
paring to take care of the Rumanian fugitives.
The towns of Itzkani and Suczawa are In Aus
tria, about three miles apart, and each is within
one mile of the Rumanian frontier. Burduzhenl is
about two miles within the Rumanian frontier line
and about three miles from both Itzkani and Suc
zawa. Burduzhenl la about twenty miles to the
west of Botosahnl.
FOUR PEASANTS KILLED.
Bloodshed in Rumanian Outbreak —
Violence Feared at Jassy.
Bucharest. Rumania, March 18.— Tho agrarian
movement in North Moldavia, where the peas
ants are In revolt against the exactions and
tyranny of the farmers, and the new taxes re
cently voted by the Rumanian parliament, la
rapidly spreading, and is causing much anxiety
to tho government. The town <>f Botosahnl wa.s
raided yesterday by two thousand peasants, who
plundered tie larije Jewish quarts:- and mal
treated, the Jewish storekeepers, Troops have
be' n sent there, and to other points where dis
turbances have occurred. The government is
preparing to take energetic measures to suppie^s
the agitation. Further reports from Botosahnl
say that in the rioting there on March 17 :o *r
peasants were killed and two soldiers were mor
tally wounded.
Both bouw s of parliament to-day passed an
urgent bill authorizing the governnu nt to '•<■ '■
the army reserves to the colors for a fortnight
or longer if necessary.
It Is reported that many thousands of peas
ants are preparing to enter Jassy. Th« prefect
of that district has telegraphed to the gov
ernment asking: that a large number of troops
be sent there.
S''jilen'« here are agitating the sain" QU< Btlons
as the peasants. The Jewish population is !n
fear of excesses.
The following official version of th« riots at
Botosahnl on March 17 has been given out:
In conPequence of tho ngitatlcn v:
Bessarabia nr.d relgh»>orini.' districts of Upper
Moldava, several hundred peasants from the
ihnl district raid* i n number of houses
ops In the town, Including th
of some large Jewish firms Th-- military sent
against the rioter? were fired upon with revolv
ers and stoned, and finally were compelled to
u«"-> their weapons They rired. and lefi t n
men killed and nine woundi I.
Jassy. or Tasay. Is a city of Rumania, and th«
former capital of Moldavia. It is situated on an
affluent of the I'ruth, near the Russian frontier,
about two hundred miles north northeast of Buch
arest. Until recently It was an unpretentious town,
but It now has a more modern appearanoa, (food
pavements having been laid and electricity being
used for Illumination and transportation. Jimsy
contains many churches and a number of palaces
of the Hoyars. In addition to a stately government
building facing a square which Is embellished with
an equestrian statue of Stephen the Great. Jassy
also has a university, a school of nnusta anil a
school of art, and la the at <■>" a Greek Orthodox
metropolitan and of a Roman Catholic bishop. The
population In IS>'j3 was übout ?'>.'■"". of Whom half
were Jews.
IJotosahnl Is In Moldavia. fifty-nine miles north
northwest of jiimy. In MM the town had ■ popula
tion of about 12.000, of whom more than half were
Jews.
TRAIN ROBBERS GET $7,500.
Ekaterinoslav, March IJ>. — Tea armed men
held up a train on the outskirts of this city to
day and took ?7.r><N> in cash, with 'which they
made their escape.
NEW DANISH VESSEL WRECKED.
Training Ship Blown Over in Yard — Ten
Workmen Injured.
Copenhagen, March 19. — The Danish training
ship Vndng, which is being built here, was
blown over to-day in a storm. There were f"ur
hundred workmen on board at the time, ten
of whom were Injured.
CASE AGAINST DEPUTIES DROPPED.
President of Reichstag Intervenes — Social
ists Attack Government.
Berlin, March When th« president of the
Reichstag, Count yon Stolberg-Werngerode, heard
of the procredlnrs Instituted by the State's Attor
ney yesterday against the Socialist members of
the Reichstag, he went to Chancellor yon Billow
and protested against police Interference with the
lights of parliament Ho called the Chancellor's
attention to the law giving the president of the
Reichstag police powers within the parliament
buildings. Lator In the .lay the president Informed
the chairmen of th« various parties that the pro
ceedings would not be pressed.
The attacks on the government for alleged inter
ff-rfn<:« In the elections , were continued In th«
Reichstag to-day, but the ministerial benches re
mained empty, as the Chancellor. Prince yon Bfl
low. had already declined to answer an Interpella
tion on the subject This, however, did not pre
vent Herr Bebel, the Badalist leader, from violent
ly attacking the government and the Imperial As
sociation.
SEVENTEEN KILLED IN MANCHURIA.
Harbin, March 19. -As the renult of a collision
to-day between » passenger train and a freight
trnln at Turushlche Station seventeen persons were
klll.il and thirty-live w-.ire Injured.
SULTAN HONORS GERMAN OFFICIALS.
Berlin, March 19.— The Sultan of Turkey has
conferred on Herr yon Tschirsky. the German Sec
retary of Foreign Affairs, and General yon Klniin.
the Minister of War. the Order of the Osmanli of
the. First Class. This Ik taken as a refutation of
reports in various capitals that Germany's position
of Influence at Constantinople had been shaken by
the protest against Fehmi Pacha.
CAUSE OF EXPLOSION ON THE IENA.
Toulon, March 19.— The court of Inquiry appoint
ed to determine tho cause of the explosion on
March 12 on board the battleship lena, decided to
day that the disaster was caused by a spontaneous
explosion of H powder, due to decomposition and
the elevation of the temperature of the magazine.
It was added that this powder was unstable and
hud caused previous accidents.
PRESIDENT JUDSON INSTALLED.
Chicago. March I*.— Harry Pratt Judson waa for
mally installed a* the second i> resident oi the Uni
versity of Chicago to-day at tho aixtysecond con
vocation of the school At Dr. Judeon's request
the ceremony was slir.plo.
AN ANARCHIST SAND AT SOFIA.
Bofia, March 19.— The commltti ted to in
quire Into the assassinaUon of Pr i■• Petkofl has
discovered the existei.ee o! an anarchist organisa
tion, several members of which have been anesied.
These men, however, do not appear to have !i*d a
hand In the murder of the Premier.
VICTORIA SEEKS IMMIGRANTS.
Melbourne. M trc. 19— The Victorian Cabinet has
authorized Premier Bent who v. 11l leave here soon
for England, to arrange for the transportation of
emigrants to tne State of Victoria at rates lower
tbaa these for emigrants to Canada.
EXCELLENCE^J^^I
Alkaline
Water
Standard
Cure
for
Dyspepsia
Stomach
Troubles
and
Gout
Standard
Natural
A
Delightful
Table
Water
with
Highly
Medicinal
Qualities
I Owned by and bottled under th* dlrtct I
\ control of th* French Government I
COUNT LAMSDORFF DEAD.
Former Russian Foreign Minister
Expires at San Re mo.
San Remo. Italy. March 19.— Count Vladimir
Nicoialevltch Lamsdorff. the former Russian
Minister of Foreign Affairs, died here this even
ing at 11:15 o'clock.
Paul Lamsdorff. a nephew of the dead states
man, was with his uncle when he died.
Count Vladimir Nicoialevltch Lamsdorff was bom
m St. Petersburg on December 25. IS 14 (old style).
He was a son of Count Nicholas Lamsdorff. aide-de
camp general to the Emperor Alexander 11. a grand
son of the tutor to Emperor Nicholas I. and a great
grandson of that Count Mathieu Lamsdorff who
was tutor to the Emperor Paul and who played an
important part In the reign of the Emperor Alex
and( I.
Count Vladimir Lamsdorff began his official ca
reer when he was only twenty-two years old. en
tering at that age the Russian Home Office, In
November, 1866, although the previous year ha had
received the personal appointment of gentleman
of the chamber to th« Emperor. In 1572 he was
transferred to the Chancellery of the Foreign <MB ■
as second aeerttary, an.! three years later he was
promoted to first secretary.
In 1872 he accompanied Prince Oortschakoff to
the Berlin Conference, and at that time and down
to the year 180 l i.o was almost constantly In at
tendance on the Emperor Alexander 11. being made
Chamberlain to hid majesty tho Emperor In iSrs
and regularly accompanying bis Imperial master on
his trips to Llvadla. Alter the death of Alexander
II Count Lamsdorff continued to bold the same
confidential relations with Alexander HI. who took
the count with him to Duut:i s in laSl. and in I^^:
appointed him L»»rector or ttio Chancellery of ti»t>
I .-.-:. I Iffil . in the ...» oi lisji. ISS2 un>i
Isj3 lie was in attendance on tr.o Czur ul Peterbof;
in lbs* he ae^omj-amei Alexander in to 3kierx.l«
wlce, on thw occasion oi the meeting of thti tnre<»
Emperors oi iiussia. Germany ... i Austria. Tno
following >ear, when the Cat.r went to Kremsier
to meet the i^mperur ;»!.■... Joseph, Count Lams
dorfr went wlia him, und In laW m» count aceo;n
panii.-.i Alexunuer Hi ou his journeys to Uvaulia
iinu Kusl-Utovod.
In the tamo year. ISSG. came Count Lanisdorff's
appointment v.» Senior Chancellor of the Foreign
VUU.M. a i<ost that h<- held tor eleven years, la
- v "-'. i;e was made Master or the Court, and In
;■'■•". when Count MuravtoK became Foreign Min
ister. Count Lam^aurtr wujj promoted to be As-
Blilant Foreign Minister. Count MuravleU died
In June. I>ai, und on August 3. Count Lamsdorff
was gazetted ua hia sua..-M)r, wan the title of
Dftir.u Uerant, or manager of tr.o Foreign Office
bln.;« the death of Priuc* GurtschakolL none of his
successors had obtained the title of Minister with
out serving what may be termed v. per.oa of proba
tion. .•. the case of Count Muravieff, It lasted i
ytius. It was, however, merely a titular difference.
as the manager ad all the rights and privileges of
an actual minister.
Count Lamsdorff belonged to the same school of
dlpkimury us M. de tilers. Prince liobanoff and
Count Mumvieff. tinder ail of whom ho had served,
and his appointment was taken a3 an Indication
that there would be no break In the continuity
of Etuaala's foreign policy, lie bad rhown proflf
of his ability on various occasions when the af
fairs of the Foreign Ofllce were temporarily in hia
hands, notably when, after the death of l'rtnc*
Lobunoff. Anulo-UuHslan negotUtlons with regard
to China worn in a critical >jt.ij;o and were adroitly
carried through under his controlling management.
He had, Indeed, earned the reputation ol Kin«
the power behind Count Muravieff, who was hia
junior t>y ten years; whlio his Intimate acquaint
ance with th.' secrets of Russian dlDlomacy for
more thitn v ceneratlon gave htm v peculiarly val
uub'e equipment for his n«;w post. In 1901, accord
ingly, (?outit Lamsdorff was made an Acting Privy
Councillor, anil In 15t2 ha was definitely named
us Secretary of Btate to the Emperor.
Count LiiniMdorfC was regarded ltd a prudent and
moderate statesman. His love for Franca was as
ruatrained a.i was his dislike for Oermany. lie m<*
no friend of Panslavism. and he was opposed to the
policy of adventure and unrest that led to the re
cent war with Japan. His cautious temperament
and well balanced mind, guided by long experience,
enabled him. while steering a middle course, to re
tain the respect of his enemies and the complete
favor of the Emperor Nicholas 11, while ha stood
high In tho esteem of the Empress Dowager In
consequence of the regard In which ho was held
by her husband, the Emperor Alexander 111.
TO AMEND PATENT LAWS.
BIU in Commons to Permit Wider British
Competition.
I^ondon. March 19.— The president of the Board
of Trade, David Lloyd-George, Introduce J in the
House of Commons to-nl«ht a bill amending the
exisiUig patent laws. Mr. Lloyd-George ex
plained that tho adoption of his bill would sim
plify und cheapen the procedure regarding pat
ents, but that its main object waa to prevent the
patent laws from being umc-J for the hindranco
and suppression of British Industrial develop
ment. He said that out of 14.700 patents Issued
last; year 6^500 were to foreigners. He did not
objtict to that, but a good many patents were
tak>;n out for tho purpose of preventing the
working of patent* In this country.
The bill provides that any applicant shall bo
permitted to demand tho revocation of a patent
at tho expiration of three years. If it has not
been adequately worked In the United Kingdom.
Mr. Lloyd-George added that although his meas
ure was in the Interest! of free trade, he was
not afraid <>f foreign competition aa long as
British trade was free to fight It. Many British
Industries were now bound hand and foot, ha
said, by the working of the present patent sys
tem, while others had b»»rn wiped out thereby.
His bill was Intend. Mi f,i cut these bonds and s»«t
industry free to engage in the severe struggle*
with Which it was confronted. The speech was
cheered from both aiiies of the House.
• _
KATE WAE MAY BE AVEKTED.
Herr Ballin Says Negotiations with Canard
Line Continue.
Cologne, March 20.— A correspondent of the
"Cologne Gazette" has had an interview with
Herr Ballin, director general of the fiamburg-
American Steamship Line, and has been au
thorized to say that in the Interview obtained
In London lust Sunday, in which Herr Ballin
was reported to have said there was every like-
Uhood of a renewal of the rate war for the
North Atlantic trade with the Canard Line,
Herr Ballin was Incorrectly reported. The di
rector general repeated ;<> the correspondent of
the "Gasette" that tlif negotiations with the
Outlaid Line were still Incomplete, adding that
the next fortnight would bring a decision in
the matter. Ho denied, however, having said
that a tariff war with the Cunard Line was
probable. The correspondent adds that Herr
Ballin haa adopted a waiting policy and that he
ii factory settlement
nor pea I Istic.
Continuing, the correspondent says he has
learned from another quarter that there Is no
reason to assume that a North Atlantic rate
war U about to break cut.
MISS NEWBOLD TO BE REAPPOINTED.
Albany. March l'J.— Governor Hughes to-morrow
will send to the Senate the reappolntment of Miss
Catherine A. New bold, of Pougbkeepsle. as a man
ager of the Hudson River state Hospital at that
place.
• A Train to Chicago
• Every Two Hours
An unequalled service of fifteen daily trains, including the
Twentieth Century Limited, the Lake Shore Limited, the
Wolverine, the Fast Mail, the Chicago Special and ten others
offering all the comforts of modern railway travel.
These trains are protected by the most approved block
signal system in America and are operated by the
New York Central Lines
"America's Greatest Railway System"
For information see any ol our ticket agents or
/£?{'£' ?'V?Tn?lb^ apply to L- F. Vcsburgh, General Eastern Passenger
* -V \^v^''* "^^Stfßl Agent, 12 16 Broadway, comer 3oth Street.
\&^tl\Zsf£&&£by Telephone. 3650 Madison Square.
** -•&'■ *" *•*
" " "America's Winter Resorts" mailed on receipt or" »
"AMERICA'S GREATEST two-cert stamp by Georve H. Daniels. Manager General
RAILWAY SYSTEM" Advertising Department. -New York.
COAST TOWNS ALARMED.
Hondurang Fear Attack by Nica
raguan Vessels.
Washington. Mar^h 19.— Dispatches received
by the State Department Indicate that Nicara
guan warships are threatening the entire north
coast of Honduras. Philip R. Brown, the secre
tary to the American Legation to Guatemala
and Honduras, advised the State Department to
day that he has dispatches from the American
Consul at Celba indicating that conditions are
vllsturl ed there. Similar reports have
been received from other paints In the las : tea
day* and have given rise to the opinion that
Nicaragua) plans to harass ail the llondaran
coast.
A latex dispatch received at the State De
partment to-day from Mr. Brown, who is a^
Tegucigalpa, conforms the report that TruJ
in til*; hands of Hoaduran revoluti
says that the north
threatened by the land for
the government. Tl.
whether the Niaraga; ; n i I i in capt
uring TtuJU'.o for the rebels who are operating
with tho Nlcaraguan government
MIGHT STOP REBELLION.
Dominican Treaty Said To Be Op
posed for I 1I 1 hat Reason.
Washington. March 19.— State Department ad
vices are to the effect that the Dominican C«r.
rlll act up^n the pending treaty with the
United States, providing for a settlement of the
Indebtedness of the Dominican Republic, wlth'.n
a J.iy or two. President Cacerea is confident of
the ability of his government to secure ratifica
tion of the treaty, though It Is not denied that
a considerable number of members of the House
and Senators are strongly opposed to it.
This opposition Is understood to be based upon
a fear that It will not be possible In case tho
treaty Is ratified to have a successful revolu
tion.
SALVADOB AIDING HONDTTBAS.
Three Detachments Sent to Attack Nicara
gnans — Threat to loot Towns.
Puerto Cortez. March 14 (via New Orleans. March
19>.— All doubt was removed as to the attitude of
Salvador in the war between Honduras and Nicar
agua by the landing on March 8 of a considera
ble force from Salvador, near San Lorenzo, on the
eoaal of Honduras, within a few hours" march of
the old city of Choluteca. where President Bonllla
of Honduras had established his headquarters and
was organizing his forces. This fore* waa under
the command of General Medina.
Another force of about two thousand men. un
der General Meza. crossed the frontier of Salvador
on March 8, and marched from the town of Alon
sa, Honduras, directly to Choluteca. where It ar
rived March 10. and reported to President Bonilla.
On the night of March 9 the steamer Hiram,
chartered by the government of Salvador, arrived
at Amapala with 1.400 men for the frontier of Nic
aragua, where they will co-operate with the troops
of Honduras.
Telegrams received here announce that other
troops from Salvador are marching to th» aid of
Honduras. The army of Salvador la maintained
in a high state of discipline and has modern artil
lery, experienced officers and gunners.
General Lee Christmas, an American, Joined
President Bonllla at Choluteca March 11.
Proclamations found on captured soldiers of Nlo
aragua read as follows:
Vengeance for soldiers assassinated by tha despot
of Honduras.
We will plant our flags in Tegucigalpa and El
Salvador and punish the criminals and their allies.
Troops will be rewarded by looting tho first cities
of Honduras and Salvador captured by Nicaragua.
We will destroy the so-called l*adership of Sal
vador In Central America, wash out the foul af
front from Salvador to General Talaven and re
venge the Invasion of Malespln on. th» first cities
°Zelaya will finish his work by restoring the old
bl-co!ored flag of Central America and punishing
the Ba;rap of Guatemala.
This proclamation amounts to a practical declara
tion of war by Nicaragua against Salvador, and
.■•hows that the Nlcaraguan soldiers are being sent
to™tlpht what they believe Is a war of vengeance.
It tsnsse anxiety among Americans in Puerto
C'ortez anil throughout this republic because of the
fact thai American residents or capitalists are the
principal property holders of most of the Honduran
cities Any doubt about looting Is dispelled not
only by th* wording of the proclamation, but by
the experiences of 1894 of persons now living in
Puerto ( "ort'-z who were present at the looting of
C'holuteca Honduras. Nlcaraguan soUllers. aided
by about two hundred of their women, pillaged
every' house except one- in the town.
FEW MEN LEFT AT PTTEBTO CORTEZ.
Hondurans Drafted Into Army— Fruit Ships
Unable to Obtain Full Cargoes.
Mobile. Mnr.h 19— The steamer Morcator. arriv
ing here to-day from Puerto Cortes. Honduras,
four days out. reports that within two weeks the
Honduran government has drafted practically all
tht» men at that place, and. as a result, the fruit
ships have been able to obtain only small cargoes.
When the Mercator left Puerto Caw taw what men
were left, aided by some of the women, were
throwing up entrenchments to protect the place
from a threatened attack by the Nicaraguan navy.
ANOTHER TRY AT CASTRO.
Colombia's President Tells of Revolution
Against Venezuela's Ruler. »
The Colombian Consul General In this city re
ceived yesterday a cable dispatch from President
Rafael Reyes, at Bogota, confirming the news of
three days ago from Curacao that a new insur
rection had broken out In Venezuela against Press
dent Castro. President Reyes said that the move
in nt had its beginning near the frontier of Co
lombia but thai hia government has ma.ie efforts
to maintain neutrality. Ho adds U;at tv« insur
rectlun does not seen to be serious.
The movement against President Castro referred
to by President Reyes ... led by General Juan Pablo
Penalosa. who fought in the uprising led by General
Manuel A. Matos five years ago. He is said to have
2/500 Mauser rifles and JSO.Ouo cartridges.
TAFT PARTY GOING ON MAYFLOWER.
Washington, March lU-— Secretary i'att and law
party which Is to accompany him to Panama, Cuba
and Porto Rico will go on the Mayflower, which
t£» Nary Department has placed at thtlr dlvswajl
HEARS PITTSBURG CASE.
Justice Moody Permits Consolidatkm
to Go Before Supreme Court,
Washington. March 10.— Justice Moody, of tha
Supreme Court, allowed a writ of error to-day*
bringing to the court the case involving tha)
consolidate-, of Pittsburgh and Alleghany. The)
suit was originally brought by citizens of Alle
ghany to prevent the consolidation.
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania decided
the ca-f in favor of the consolidation, whereupon
the citizens (<t Alleghany presented the case to
Jostles Moody through ex-Governor Stone off
Pennsylvania-
NOT LIKILT TO ELEVATE POST.
Little Chance of Making Adis Abeba Coaso
late General a Legation.
Washington. March 19 -It Is said at tne State Da»
partment that '.here 13 little chanc* of the elevation
of the American Consulate General at Adis Ab«bs»
to tl.« rank of a legation, which la reported to se>
the object of Frank n. V >wrer, the consul general
at that place, r.c.v on Ms way to Washington. It
Is believed that Mr. ilowrer la impeilsd to make)
thla request beeauso some of las European govern
mentj hive established legations ac the Abyssinian
capital, with ;he result that their representatives I
take official precedence over the American Consul '
Genera!, and thereby obtain certain advantages ta> :
their tndcavor to capture the tempting Abyssinian.
markets and ga:n polities] Influence.
PROGRESS OF BROWNSVILLE IVaXJIET.
Senator Foraker Says He Wishes to Answtr
All New Charges Presented.
Washington. March Non» of Senator Fora
ker's expected witnesses had arrived when thai
Senate Committee on Military Affairs met to-day.
and an adjournment of the Brownsville Investiga
tion was taken until to-morrow.
Before the committee adjourned Senator Foraker
attempted to have the testimony of Lieutenant
Laurlson. formerly commander of Company B. 25th,
Infantry, given before the Penrose courtmartial
placed in tha record of the committee. Objection
was mad». and Senator Foraker then said that h«
had attempted to answer the first case presented
by tha President, which was based upon the re
ports by General Garlington and Major Blocksoas.
but that since then distinct new cases Lad beaa
presented. lie said the Purdy testimony was a
new case, as was al3o the report of experts of the
Ordnance Bureau who examined tha sheila picked
up In Brownsville. He thought he should b« per
mitted to answer every new casa presented. In
reply to comment by Senator Overman, that ha was
trying to prove Mm Negroes Innocent. Senator For
aker said: "I don't wands* that you think so. a*
nothing has been shown to the contrary. And you
will try to show that they wer* guilty." Senator
Overman replied that he wanted to get at th»
facts and Senator Foraker said that was bis pur
pose also.
The committee will either take a recsss on next
Saturday to await the coming of all of the offloera
of the 25th Infantry who were at Brownsville or
at that time fix a data for its prospective visit to
Brownsville.
NEW RULES ON SPECIAL DELIVERY.
Increased Use of Facilities Expected Wham
Need of Special Stamp Ceases.
Washington. March 19.— Postofflc* officials are
looking forward wit:. Interest to the putting Into
effect the law permitting the transmission of lat
ter* and packages for special delivery where Is
cents postage la attached In sddltlon to tha ores*
nary postage. Tka law will become effeotive) July
1 next, and la Intended to do away with, the rases
aity for the usual special delivery stamp. It SB
believed at the department that a considerable Isv
crea.^e of business will result from the new system
of special delivery.
RAH) ON THE HOME OF THE 9TKX3.
Mrs. Mock Tells Tale of the Tangled Rela
tionship of the Child That Caused It
Agents Plzarro and Butts, of the Children"* So»
ciety. paid a visit yesterday morning to the home
of Mock Duck, former head of the Hip Sing Tang;
No. 10 Daves street, and when they went away
took with them Mock's six-year-old stepchild. Ha
Oi. who. Mrs. Mock says. Is a daughter of her Crab
husband by a former marriage.
The action was taken as a result of a letter
sent to the society by an unknown Chinaman, who
wrote that the little* one was a white Christlaat
child and was held in a state of slavery. 'When taw
agents arrived at the house. Mock. Tie Too. hi*
wife, and the rest of the Ducks were In bed. They
searched the house and say that they found tfca
child nestled up in a bunk alongside of an old
Celestial, near whom there was an opium outfit.
The agents took Tie You and the child before
Justice Mayo, in the Children's Court, where the>
woman explained th* child* relationship.
She sail!! that In IS&> Chin Mung. a wealthy Chhsa
man. went from Canton to San Francisco ajad en
tered the jewelry business. He married an Amer
ican woman. Lizzie Smith, and on April 3. 1901.
Ha Oi was born to them. When the child was two
months old Its mother died and Mung came to>
this city where he married Tie You, who. after
his death. in China In 1903. became the wife of
Mock Duck.
After the hearing Justice Mayo adjourned th«
case until Friday, and in the mean time the Chil
dren' .-» Scclety will make an investigation an<f will
take care of the child. Mr*. Duck promised that
both in* and her husband would appear at the «■
amination on that .day.
"AUGUSTA CHRONICLE" BURNED OUT.
Augusta. Ga.. March 19.— Fire early this morning
destroyed the building occupied by "The Augusta
Chronicle" and the Western Union Telegraph Com
pany. The loss was estimated at Hoo.\>»\ with par
tial insurance. Tne nro spread to several adja
cent buildings before it was got under control.
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