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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 20, 1907, Image 7

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iRT EXIIBITIONS.
The Rational Academy of Jesign.
■r%* •tc'-i exliiWtloa held by the Academy of
i \",.. Vare Hi t'jsurrtion of the Society of
*I^aw Art'Jt*. lias U-c* awaited] with more
'cVdlrir' telerest. When two artistic organ
*'..,.- jt-' 11 '" r c 9 - l !s cn# y hotaaji to expect
V j. XvK v -nil fias.'npllsh rather more 'than they
lt\, ttamk*** *"'1' > ndertJy. In this ease. too,
■J*T sje .peels! I taaoaa why It wan natural to
* '.^ttst the rew shew would be a. good one. It
llf r.ecessarj" to wipe •*■* "-'* bad Imriresjlon left
,- laaT'T • •' lo fihotv, after the excellent ex-
SwjJbM a • Waeblngton and Philadelphia, that
*!" ! ;'y c*-:c *- : torll I.old Its own in thess matters.
? " ( *. Ovi AcaJf niy lioHs its own, after a fashion.
at the Fine Arts Building contain a
' at («e»i of good -sverk. They do not, on the other
r^id contain much work that Is more than good;
•■k of t- ■' sort thsl ■artltly tF.kes the eye captive,
r'&es *^* sn:a^i::ation, and gives one a Bense of
JP^jjjflfy vitality. Such work Is uncommon any
*">-ere, ? el - T !s undeniable that it turned tip with
r " alf ' r /requcary In the Washington and Phila
*', j!; a s*3om tlian in this one; in other words, the
«2i!urced Academy would seem, as It has fallen
tea it« ftrUle, to have remained faithful to that
-!"'F!r-"K inhere in which it has so often
•jgfiT enveloped. It Is somewhat vexatious that
jyi shcu'.i be fo. The Academy 19 not by any
«-tsr.s ir.J:osp!table to unconventlonallty. On Hie
strß . Jt we!comes every one. and the efforts
Hat "iave been made in c«?rtain quarters to suggest
that the conservatives have been cruelly unsym
uttteiio toward the radicals are really beside the
pjj-jit. ;■ •■• trouble lies deeper. For one reason
or anotV.fr the Academy exhibitions arc not en
riched by Uwi best -works of all the best men in
tts American school: th rank and rile get con
fJ !, r:i . into *-'"» foreground, and it is no <Mn
< ._. o .' r; . *° sa> * tllßt t:i(» rank and file aro not
«»d»e!y thriUin? in their performances. The up
«hct of it "11 is that while there 1? ability enough
la" the ODOatrjr to make these exhibitions brilliant
tn a of Mtioaal sit-ni?.cance. they are actually made
a UUle dull.
§&Mr all. it is personality that counts In confer*
risir distinction upon an exhibition. It Is good to
jtrcw tl-.R*- this or that painter does his work well;
tut it is pesitlvely ex itr.sr to pee- this or that
painter dr:::K bis work in a way all his own. For
tfcU not* of Individuality amor.g the contributors
to the preai nt exhibition one must look first to the
la2fli»r« "-"-- - They risa to tho situation. Indeed,
with qualities so fine that deficiencies elsewhere in
th* great mass at painting shown, are momentarily
forgotten It was a happy Idea to »riv<> salient
positions la th* large south irallery to two or tlir<>«
lar. 1 3^"' ' "-- One of these, I winter scene- by Mr.
c. a Platt is to bs hailed with unmixed delight,
filnw 101 l adoption of architecture as a profession
J* has be*n practically unknown la the exhibitions.
Paw after his lone absence, he comes back with
ail of his old charm, with his ..- for beauty
■unfllrarned. snd his skill undiminlshed. Tliis study
raighT. no drubt, be carried further with profit;
th* •■■-<=■ be more 1 illy defir.M. But
th» rrjiin thln» la there— a terseness of prasp
In treating the noble motive. The mountain in the
aaokgreua is the sort of subject which it is easy
to evexflo. Mr. Plait keeps It In just the proper re
lation to his fomriosition. arid is "panoramic." If
■yn-i like, -without being empty. He gives us a really
intimate impression cf h!s landscape, and this !m
j>re-sion is. into the bar*rain, sltogether personal.
At th<» other end of ie gallery, where Mr. Carlsen
rias his "Canaan Mountain," we have to reckon
»'• a totally different point of view and ser.se of
rolor. but here. tco. we come in contact with a
temperament, and in ppite of the picture's grainy
*\-rfae»»9 and alm->«t «-ru7e tones Tve study It with
pleasure and remember it. A tn'rd meraoraM?
V'.tc* of outdoor work is Mr. Redfle!d> "Village
of Centre Bridpe." He iii"? rot <-on-.-lnc«» us, quite
sf we are convinced by Mr. Flatt and Mr. Oarlaen,
Ihet his version of nature has got Itself delight
fully colored by his individuality; his appeal is less
Eubt>, less beguiling. But it is a slncer* appeal.
»-.d it baa the transrendarit virtue of truthfulness.
Jt takes time to find th* good figure pieces. Ths
good lardsca^g present themselves at every turn.
They are. too. in every key. Mr QrolTa "Lagur.a,
"K*-v Mexico." fairly sparkles with light. Not Car
aY you may f.rcd a poetic .contrast to Us crisp real-
Ism li Mr. Potthast's. "Hazy October Day." and
both pictures are. sound In technique. From tha
staccato handling of the first of them, and the
ta&vity of the record, we may pass to the r!<-h
"sreadth of Mr. *"tt*adsworth's "Colonial Door," to
the toft depths of Mr. Foote's "Village Street." to
the c>v«*r artifice, of Mr. Glttord Seal's "The
Glfam." to lh« sheer sensuous fcr-auty of Mr. Fran
d* Murphy's "Tlt» Golden Wood," or to the deii
ctte, 1-r.der (jualities of Mr. Ochtman's "November
fi'jr.ri^e." There are other good landscapes, some
at th*m deep and rich in tone as an old tapestry,
ethers abide with sunshine. In them all there are
the spontaneity and the personal note which mean
more than anything **!se in art. Sometimes, It is
tru?, th* painter F-eems to bet struggling between
the beauty of nature and the attractions of a
technics! method. He is more anxious for an ef
fc*t than for the truth. Tet This pursuit of indi
viduality, if jt dots not lead to m»r» eccentricity,
has much to recommend It. The artist trying; to
Vat out a method of his own, and having same
thing in him to start with. interests, though l.c
ciay not rouse r-r.thusiasm. Witness th<> work that
Mr. Bellows has done In bis "River Rat«," a pict
ure in which the vast earthy background against
which the bathing urchin* are Indicated is painted
with real frf-Fhness of vision. There Is a elgn of
klniJrrd ambition and capacity in Mr. Julius Golz's
river scene. "BlackweU'fi." The point of view her
it supgoFtive and the artist has handled his dreary
grays la a sensitive manner. Certain other you«s
experimentalists, Mr Piuast Law-son and Mr. Jonas
lac, are evidently still held in the trammels of
forrr.uiap; we s»>e what they are driving at, and
*y»*iathi*!«, but w!sh that they might express them
••■' ' with greater authority^ An.) ho it go«>s
Waai | the landscape ir,<-!. They strike twelve «r.d
fill you with joy, or, doing something l^ss than
teat, they still carry themselves with vigor, ar
**e«tiiiir •••'■:.:• helping to give vitality to the
exhibition as a whole.
A larg'- share jn th! task la also lor;., by the
rortrait palmers. They fail into two groups—
mlniers <>t portraits In the Ktric-t sense, ; ..i.i the
painters of portraits which have a distinctly pic
torial and even wntlinc-ntal interest. Mr. Sargent
B would ordinarily dominate tba former group, but
Ms "Rr-v. Kndicott Pea body," the work which was
Ebotvn at Philadelphia is on«» of his more podca
*rlan stufiif:?; though it Is, of course, adequate, it
''* not a remarkable achievement Mr. Smedley, on
the ether hand, has never made a portrait quitu
••admirable as is hie "Miss A." The color schema
*f*tri>iri»>d throughout. is in a most agreeable key,
* Rfl ■' is wholly harmonious. The drawing is firm,
Sexible and at times subtle. The quality of the
% thing is fine; one feeJs that the artist was in a per
fect mood when he pained this. Mr. Kendall, too.
h*s made progress, his portrait of a mother nnd
ber CfcUd, called "An Interlude," well deserving the
PJs.ce of ban it occupies for its refined tones and
<**f*srr.an*hip. and its gentle spirit. Thero are
SKjrr.'f-r of eSectlve decorative portraits of women
*T Hcbcrt Vonnoh. James Montgomery Flagg. J.
Campl*:; Phillips. Adelaide <'o!<-- Chase. Homer
Sots and John Lambert; and then are aoaM assays
•a th« eiitne field that just fall short of success.
Sfe Vilea. for example-, has painted a very large
karris ir. his "Julia Mailowe as Viola." but the re
su; t i.i Ist 5n proportion to the eSTort made. The
*■*•»• of '.!.:« ccr.jposltjon is romantic. The paint
ia f ltsyf ;a comnionplace. The cxDlbitlon includes
**> unf;o*!r;rr.or.!y «ror.g firouj» of portraits of m.-n.
*tt Kaklr.r. in h'.% "HcaiJ of a Clergyman"; Mr.
In vj, "i-ortniit «if Ca«s Gilbert" Bn>i his
"Portrait iof a Yourg Mi • ■' are co!<l ' i; style but
i one the I<-i--«, urd with theso examples
c " ster'Sr.-r workmanship may »>«» associated Mr.
Qaaacs 'Trrsident Taylor «)f Viwar." Mr. Schr
•l: > s "Portrait of Mr. fsafonoft*^ and Mr. Turner's
ttwptteaally facile and vivid "Portrait Sketch."
rtraltare lea me oft* atid plctur- taking
'^Rir.s. th* rxhiWtlon weakens. In fact, it Is often
••"-■vlous tt:at tJ.a arti»t has net !a:"»r«-J under :!:<i
lR "i>*tiir? f ,t an Id.;;, bui hit* treated bJa subject as
6< » niutjj s-11l life. **«• rtlii be plausible, though,
cl "BS thase lines. Consider tli*» t*»-f» picture* ay
IV'- JenvM llcpklns. "The Passing Moment" and
rf? thf, Morring." Bui it aaema ■ j.ity thai a
yt *i vltii fjcij an ugag'i'.g faculty aa r-gardf.
*2*i ko <>ft Ar ' an ai ;:....'"!. "'•■' Hid not develop
*l 3 taif^.t to better ru*"s' cs "*- ■]■■■■ than one of
<> flg urt , pa , n(f . I 3 j- cre work In th« vein of SftM
SwVar. wbcM picture calTsd "The N»' kla." "
•suid ftppr^r <„ have been bas«*d en nothing Save
1 ■aawri of the famiiiar niOdels of V«r Meer.
<!: Cox cote to the other oxt«.--iiie m his semi
lu<* subject. ■ The si'vei Ke«4-Claae," pr&ttising
** ••verest real!; m where there was every apaor
*-•»**•. and even a demand, for the play of lmas
ti»ißu. 7oc figure is 6nxm with aplaa«Ud scholar
ship and the modelling is of the right port—
forceful and marked everywhere by knowledge.
There is enough mature technique In this picture
to furnish forth a or-- of the average canvases
that are admitted to the exhibition* But something
is missing, the delicacy of vision, the generalizing
touch. which would lift this coldly realistic study
of a moJel to a higher plane and turn it into a
warmer, more beautiful Impression of a type. One
wishes that to Mr. Cox's Rift of research Into the
difficulties of form there might be added an «no
tion suffusing and transfiguring his material. There
is a curious Instance of a similar want of inspira
tion provided in Mr. William Cotton's picture, "The
I'rinceer." The title is ill chosen, but bo, for that
matter. is the note which the artist has attempted
to strike. His central figure Is a nude little girl,
Just emerged from the bath and submitting to the
respectful ministrations of two young women, one
Of whom wields the towel while the other holds a
powder box. The women wear garments of some
figured stuff and are posed In attitudes scarcely fit
ting to their occupation. Mr. Cotton falls between
two stools. His Imagination deserts him and, in
stead of making a pretty scene out of this in
terior—something dainty and plcturesque-he maxes
us vaguely conscious of a kind of Incongruity ana
preciosity. The garments of the women are wen
painted, but It is the composition as a unit that
should be Important, and it is quite uninteresting.
Mr. Biillin's "The Throe Ages" Is thoughtfu is
put together, good in its arrangement of quiet
tones, and fluent in handling. It almost, but not
quite, suggests a romantic impulse. The P' cc § tvr ®
that hangs just above it. "The Law of Life. bj
Mr W. B. Davis, though not so solid In technique,
contains a lesson for Mr. Ballln: it points to the
usefulness of atmosphere in a work of imaginative
pretensions. A certain glamour is essential to
pictures like "The Three Ages." It is because it is
not sufficiently suggestive that Mr. A. Q. Schwartz
misses fire with his "Vanity." and that Mr. FreU
wltz fails to make an altogether convincing paint
lag out of his "Venus." a thing •» pleasing In
conception and so refined In color that it ought to
have received the last touch of poetic quality.
Again and again the figure pieces disappoint In this
fashion. Mr .-alder-.- "Voice of the Ocean and
"The Southwest Wind" are bo promising that there
la exasperation In their .pottlness. We are on safer
ground, though it may not i* as firm as a rock, i m
the bits of frank modernity that we pet from Mr.
Glackens. Mr. Sloan. Mr. Myers and Mr. Peterson.
One difficulty among all these artists Is that,
whether Imaginative or not, they are far from
achieving the spelt that lies in pure painting.
Pome- of th.-m try hard enough for this. Mr. Henri.
for example, evidently strives with all his might, in
his full length portrait, "Colonel David Perry." to
Import style Into his handling of textures, but
somehow the simplicity of the thing does not seem
spontaneous. He. too, might '»ke a lesf from an
other man's book, turning to Mr. Chase's superb
"Still Lif*- Fish." to see how pigment may be In
vested with a charm of Its own; and th* same lee
son mlffht be studied In th« aame way by Mr.
Bars*, the painter of 'Th« ArP>"; *>* ™?- bur
roughs, the painter of "Tom th- Rhymer." and by
a dozen others.
A veteran who has much to tell to the juniors is
Mr. Walter Shlrlaw. whose big 'Sheep Shearing In
the Bavarian Highlands' well sustains the con
pplculty It enjoy* m the Vanderbllt Gallery. This
la a piece of painting that. If not a masterpiece of
color Is at all events ■ work with life In It, freely.
boldly and sincerely executed. Beside it pictures
like "The Summit." by Mr. Louis Loeb. or The
Amber Necklace." by Mr. C. C. Curran, or th«
Indian studies of Mr. Couse and Mr. Darning seem
fairly trivial. Nature, always nature, would solve
th- trouble if preoccupation with paint for Its own
sake will not. How true this is MY. Shirlaw's
handsome composition shows. One i-« grateful to
every painting in this exhibition that brings into it
the vitalizing power of light and air. This Is what.
Mr. ■■ ..-r does with his charming "Friendly Visit-
There are other v.olcom? contributions to be noted;
more landscapes by Mr. Shurtleff snl Mrs. Coman;
a noticeable study of birds by Mr. Charles R.
Knight; a capital •'Pierrette*; by Mr. John Da
Costa, end paintings by Mr. Maynard, Mr. Daln
gerfield. ilr. Beckwitfj and Mr. dishing. But with
these the list of more or les* outstanding produc
tions comes to an end. R Cl
WHAT IS GOING ON TO-DAY.
Peretlcnal m*-*'.lv.t of the Ladles' Christian HTnlon. chspsl
" of 'the O>lie B iai* Church. ™ avenue and *"' '
*-jretr\, 11 a. m.
Gear*" T. PeweU .-•'- "Th« Caltara of Small Fruits: How
(* f tart sr.4 Mar.a«« berries. Ha«rberrle!'. B.arK
b«rrlM ar.-i Currants," American XnsutuU, M«. '*
end £1 Wit 44 it StrtM, •! P. ti
Arstole L* Bras on ••Brittany.*] t'" l * •* ' ! * Miss*
Stoce. No. 34 East Mtth suest. s p. *n.
Homemad. cak« sni rani/ salt for "" *"% ••re»t
Knickerbocker He\',<"t "-'lvi). the Ansonia, .31 s»re»t
suil Uroadway, 3 to 7 p. m
Meeting of lbs New T^rk V.cman* Aid " *• "*" r
Junior RepubUc Waldorf-Ast-.ria. 3 M p. m.
Ml,. IJa "n "Intfl>ctusl Integrity ' before '■•
WoSttf" Municipal Lca s u-. Se lv East 2»iih stre*'..
Farr-.V. •• -. to Ml., Kliiabeth Etover by tha
Mothers* Club ot the Friends Rchftol. >o. 112 Benei -
merhorn itreet, Bro-oiilyn, evening.
Me«tina Medico^l>«al Society, Hotel St. Androw?.. Broad
way anl 7i'. itree:. ~:C>?. m.
Picture le-tur^ on •Jaj.^n- by Marshall P. vniaer. A*tor
(Jail**-}'. Waldorf-Astoria, 8 p. in.
R»v!« of ths 13-.li Kegiment. K. a. N. T.. by I>ar AA
tnirni Josejih U. Cocblan. at armory lv Hrook!>n.
b.Z'J p. tn.
Fre« ■.....'■ . Baar4 •' Education. ■p. m— Public
pchool 185, Hi»th Street ar.-l ■ trdam aM", i* I>r.
rharl<-s A I>ar4. -In land fnd<-r BttflUh IJonilnlon ;
Public School 17] l"3d and 104 th streeU. b-tn-'eji
Malison and Fifth avenues, W. Tonrrtce * Staebejl.
••Sfti'zeriß.TJ'" lillusti-ated); Public School 1& ■ 145 th
r're^t. west of Amsterdam avenue. I»rof*is!i«r Henry
11. Uusby. "Across South. Amtrlea by Mul» ci.'l
Ciroe. Part I. Tha Andes" ...... Hoard of
Kflu.ition. lark avenui nnd r.ftih iitreet, Mr« Attr.
U. 1^ PJ«r.geon. "11.- I-nnd of ... ln-a, fdUtift
trau-dr i'ooper Institute. d b street ana l-ourth a\«
■iu» Profersor Ernest R V in NardrofT. "Color ''■ "
tography.' (Ultistrsted): East .'!'J« House HeUienienf.
TC .!, txUei a-i-i l-an P.lver. Krries'. Irig-rsoll •our
Wild NVlirhbors" ii;!u(-trafd>: New TcrK Public IA-
Ijrary Hud«on Park Branch. No. <tt Lcroy street.
John Hutchison. Niagara rails" (Illustrated) ; ?>«w
York i'ubii- Library. NO, 831 Kayt 10th street. Miss
<*arr!e <* Knapp. -Turkey: Its Garerßinsnt, Manners
»!)<* ("u-tnmK" (lUustratsdc St Bartholomew ■
lA-cenm Hall. N'>. -'Or, Ka»t 42! "tre-et. Mr- Martha
Foot* Cr<.w "Hajni-i"; loung Men's <-hrli>tian As
soclatlon (Colored). No. 2T.2 W.st SSd street. Htephen
Jr-.kin* •■Krn^.nav, old ar.rt ■.... from New 1 on
to Albany" (illustrated >: V-,:.i,| M.:: •- <'hrl»tian A«
80-'iallon No 5 \\>»t |2SU| street. I>r. I- . I». HlflK«-«
lee "From Venice to Kaples" (Hlustrated); Tounf
Mei.'s Hebrew Association, id! -!rc".»"'-l I-*"'"*'""
hh,u. Dr. Claude P. Walker. "Th« retrMeum
Fields of the United State*" <llluß'ratedi; "»oun B
Men's InsUtUte. No r."J Howery. Kalj.h 11. *>«{■.
••?ou-h America in Ontline'* .illustrated): Publlo
Rchool :".T. I4r>th and 146 th utreets. east nf w tun sve
iiue Mian Anna seaton Schmidt. "Italy: H-r I'rcpl»
and Her Art" (illustrated).
PROMINENT ARRIVALS AT THE HOTELS
FIFTH AVENUE Judge i harlei H. Brlscoe.
liartl : : GRAND A. 7. Bradstreet Bochester.
IMPKJtIAL !.:• itenanl Colonel Acb %• o>.- I ••"• r "
noiran. military attache Brazilian Embassy. \% ash
luKton. WOU OTT Howard Ki.isi.r. Providence.
THE WEATHER REPORT.
Official Kererd and lorprsst.--WashSn(-ton, March
I».— The raatara of Tuesday's weather of sreatest Inter
cut was tho abnormally hlch t*nui*rature that -,revai!e<l
over tho mlddls M!«!»s!ppl valley, the Western Quit
Mate, and the Southwest Over these districts it was
the warmest Msrcb .'ay Tine* th« warm wave of th« last
werk cf Mirth. I-..:, and la many i-!" 1 ' I **. especlaUy in
OklatHrma and Westera Ttm. th« records of Uiat year
trer* ■■ s»aaa ly aevcral degrees
The SCWthwest low area has moved rapidly eastward
to Uk lower El ljivr«,n,«. with a further marked lncreaia
In eaertT. «nd a' '<-:!• ly •»* r « : rains and snows over
the northern distrirts rwt of th« Misulsslppl Rl.«r -Over
th- houthrrn districts. th« slop* « lIJ , ft , o " y ,Mo"", Mo ""' a 'l
i-Stor,* ih<- w^atl-.er was fair, while west of tha inoutitalni
rains continued, escept In l"o!orado. Ttah and the South-
W *rti^ winis jilor.e tt-.e New raie'and coast will be. l:l£h
wuts.w*t io n?.»thwest : on thj Middle AUanUojcoast.
brisk to hish southwest t« northwest, on the South At
lantle rout fresh !n brisk, west to northwest; on the
IjiVf ! " rossV. f.-esh ' south; on Lake Michigan, fresh to hrisle
demtrtlttff Wednesday for nur<n.esn ports : will
have hlth souttwest to west winds, with rain or snow, to
tijo Gran a Banks.
r..re.-nvt for Special 1-ocalltles.— the Plstrlf. of
Columtia. cloudy to-day, probably rain; Thursday, frdr;
brisk t» btgh treat to northwest wtas*.
I>r Jlaryland, cloudy today, probably rain: roMer In
western portion; brick to h!ch vest to northwest winds;
ir- New Jersey ari ra«t«rn Tennsylvaaia.
mm tft~4SF: briti-'la ht h Soe€a*esl te nertktrMt winds;
'-'^v^^oVirn New y«m sad New England, rain in
bohS*™ and rain or fnow I******" rorti-m to-lay;
t- -i. «.«t i« nnn'itffl win4a: Thursday, fair.
r>' ;\v;.',;,',, \..'r:,%v1",r.,: rl«.a, and ?? * r ,^,v:
ra1n0r,,,.,* in mwthern porli-n: brl'k t.» high !M»rthw«t
!r York. r»:n er mow to-day : i.iijk to
l-,i/ i north \;r*A wind-; 'fliurfday. fair.
Loral Official flrrord.— The Mlewlag oJTirlsl rwere
from th? ITeether Rurtau aisws the t*»n«Ts in th« »em
prrifjre forWhr la»t twenty-four hours. in e«m»at«B«a
■with ln» <-o;-rci!i>cn'"1nE date leet year:
1008 ir.T «»2<| 13C>7.
3a. tn 2.V 40; *p- m j-3 •*
2: m ::::::::::::^ S»?ft;S E S S
12 m »a P« 12 p. R.i 84
4r. ::i 3i: 371 . '
M'»"-»»t «»rm>»rstur» j-r«tcrdsy. 40 decrees; lowrft, 3*!;
„"- .V W; s^r's.7or corrcspondir* Ate last year »i
„„.;, » or rorr^«r' ntlrg flat" l»*t twenty-flra ye*« 8S
Lncsl foreeaiit: To-d*»-. rein, high wast to northwest
wtaosi TboreSajr, tsir.
NEW- YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. WEDNESDAY. MAJtm 20. ion:
THE DRAMA.
SHAKESPEABE AT THE LYEIC.
SignoT Novelli as Lear. •
The Impression of respectable ability, and only
tuch, that was made by Signor Novellls perform
ance of "Papa I^ebonnard" Is confirmed by his per
formance of King Lear, which "-.as given at the
Lyric Theatre last night. The Italian actor's Im
personation of the agonizing King, slowly wasted
by senility and, at last, made insane by the in
gratUudo of. his heartless daughters, is chiefly
characterized by Its denotement of the common
place attributes of character— self-pity, fierce re
sentment, and Incoherent wrath. The original
magnificence of tho monarch's personality, how
ever. Is not even remotely suggested by him; and
that Is the essential thing, in any actor's assump
tion of King Lear. The ruin of the stupendous
castle at Heidelberg, for example, Is one thing: the
ruin of a commercial warehouse or a woodshed is |
quite another. The man who assumes to act King
Lear must, in himself, possess a royal and noble
nature— Imperial Individuality; otherwise, In
his decrepitude and misery, he Is no more Im- ;
pressive, and no more pathetic, than the old. dod
dering pauper who picks oakum or polishes a little
pewter plato in the Poor-House. fllgnor Novelli
reveals no such royal and noble nature as that of :
Shakespeare's King Lear. A good man, of a con
ventional order, is Indicated; a kind father; a
: worthy member of society, os they say on th«
gravestones.— that Is the basis of his King Lear;
that Is. seemingly, the height from which his
monarch has fallen. The attention of an auditor
who happens to have studied and comprehended
the subject in Shakespeare's pases, accordingly^ ,
soon becomes diverted from consideration of tha ;
structural sub«»«inc« of the embodiment and j
lad to observe Its technical, professional details. I
' Blgnor JCovelll's I.ear ranks itself with thos» i
! of persons who have amateur aspirations, for he ■
i Is no more like Shakespeare's Lear than a cabbage
Is like a rose. As on old and proficient actor he j
i gets through with the part; arid It is to bo con
i e!d>rea. in his favor, that the Italian version of
[ King? Lear" in which he acts Is such an outrage
; ously absurd variant from .Shakespeare's tragedy
i that anybody might bo forgiven for going wild In I
It. To coma to details of the acting, however,— re- •
mambering what hat been promised as to thai
actor,— uttefanos of the curse that Lear de
( livers was so puny as to be contemptible. An effort
j has been made to llk«n KigJior NorelU to his cele
brated countryman, Tommaso SalvinL In tha In
terest of common sense it ought to be paid.— after
' seeing him tr> to play King Lear, a part to
[ which he can no more reach than a tadpols can
reach the firmament of heaven,— that Salvlnl, whoss
personation of Lear was by no means perfect,
towers above him as Gibraltar does above
the straits. Salvin!. whatever else ha
may have lacked, to our English appreciation,
had power, and when ha came to a great climax
hs made It great. Signor Novell. In "King Lear,"
as he gave It last night, missed every point of
Importance in the tragedy, and presented a sort
of broken down pedant. Of the Incipient insanity
of Lear, at the beginning, there was no denotement
! whatever, and of the agony of Lear when actually
; going mad no Indication other than a sort of game
of hop-scotch, played with Edgar, who cam* forth
| from the straw In an Immaculate white night- j
: gown, and was even more absurd than his anything j
I but royal associate. There is no use to dwell on [
. this subject. Signer Novelli might, perhaps, play •
I Falstaff. In "Th« Merry Wives" mot in "Henry
' IV"), but for th* great characters in Shakesp-aro— ;
! If he can he Judged by his King Lear-he li I
i no rr.'ire fitted than a carpenter would be to chisel |
! n marble statue of Apollo. The who!* fabric of |
I h'.s performance is cor;-:::'-.. He was not even an
old man, except that he had decorated himself with ;
■ a prodigtcus quantity of gray hair, bo that he
| looked like a venerable goat; and he used a vocal - j
I Ism that might be valuable to a conductor of a '
| cable car. Lear is a tender and loving father — or ;
; ha Is nothing. He does net snarl and sputter, like j
lan exasperated badger. However, ail that '.* for- !
; eign is. of oourne, celestial Let us rejoice: It ■
1 doth beseem us. We Jiave the glorious privilege of j
i havlr.tr our Bhakaapeare desecrated, nnd of being !
I apprised thai now, for th* first time, we know what
' It really means.
CAST OP "KINn LEATt."
King Lear . ... Errr.«:» :-'>%•':;
Duke of rnmwnl! A Arista
r>jk» of A'.rnny . ( . F. Bernini
King of Fran-* .......... . .. V. Rervolinl
Duke, of B'lrg-uniiy G. .■ •«.
Earl or Gloucester L. Terrata
Karl of Kent B. Fiamor.tl
Edmund A. H'tron*
EiJear . O. Dal-Cortlro
Fool N Paaoatorl
Gon«Til O. Omnnmt
Heg-aji B. P»rrr,!!nl
ror."«'.la E. Rosil
Majoidomn ef C^rrwall . V. F«rvo!inl
Orntieman ..... „ . . o. <'al»itti
Courtier O Ko«*l
Ifaasengtr ■.!,-.
The play selected for to-night is the everlasting
chant of Venice."
Slj?nor Novell: • repertory, for the second week
of his cngagempnt at tha Lyric Theatre, is as fol
lows:
Monday, March 2o . "Othello"
Tuesday . . . ...-.••
Wednesday .. ■■!);•!. ; is"
Thursday _.." Hamlet"
Friday "La Blabetii a Dornata"
Saturday matineo "Kean M
The play of "Athelaia," by Bignor Marco Praga,
Is unknown here. "CBdlpus" lias not been acted here
since If. Mounet-Bully visited this country. "La
Bisbetlca Domata" Is "The Taming of th» Shrew."
The oih<»r plays are. of course, familiar to the
theatrical audience everywhere, It Is announced
that the eng;iß<»ment of Bignor Novelli will termi
nate with the Saturday matinee performance, o*i
March 20, and that "a fantastic musical play," by
Messrs! Stanislaus Stance and Reginald De Koven.
will be produced at the Lyric on the Saturday
evening.
ME. MANSFIELD AS BEAU BRUMMEIL.
New Amsterdam Theatre.
Mr. Mansfield, In the charactei of ltf-nu Brum
mell, pleased .-i large audience at the New Amster
drni Theatre i'-.^t night. The Impersonation is well
known. Btnoe th^t v. t<-r Introduced it. the stage
linn been favored wit u several !j«-;iu*. it happened
that Mr. Mansfield lilt upon th« i]<>vir« of bringing
forward an exquisite type of artificial, courtly
rs (not munni)-, which comes fr"ii! birth, and
\~, the mark of Innate aristocracy, a very different
thing from that of mushroom wealth), and to in. ike
that type pathetu-, by showing it. tir*t In opulence
and then In penury. The pluy is !nrg<>ly i>f Mr.
Mansnvid's composition. Every bright line In it is
from hi.s pen, and so is tlio distinctive business
in it — ac, tor example, that of the snuffbox and
the paper m which the Impoverished aristofrat
savea the poor particles ->f the smiir. Mr. Mans
field gives » lino performance of that slendw part,—
a personation inm-i» like a pieo* of I>i^?i!"n china,
or ;i bit of <-lii lace. Tho Quality of it Is ex
(jiilsite. and very significant it is of Mr. Mane
field's authority nud charm, as an actor, that he
can hold his audience, almost spellbound, In situ
ations that are equally trivia] and preposterous -
as Is th* <a«e with most of thf> situations In thai
pla.v. Tho touch of pathos, :•' tii. close, is excep
tionally beautiful -and it is wholly due to th*> iin<>
f'-nling of th>» actor;— strangely Plough, a man
whom it so'-ns fashionable t<> .ilhih-'. only because
ho happens to be a shining mark. Meanwhile Mr.
Mansfield la Illustrating the art of A' •ins which,
oft^r all. is the mr.lti thiiiß.
DRAMATIC SCHOOLS.
Xv p iren occurred nt the Empire Theatre yester- |
day, by way of closing the twenty-third year of
the Institution styled the American Academy of
Dramatic Arts and Empire The.it re tirainntii;
School, and a performance, by pupils of that j
acbool, will occur on Friday, M:'.r?li 22. Weight I
will be inipart'*(l to the proceedings by the pre- ■
aantment of another Ibsen play — one which has
not yet bc>cn ventilated In this country, It is called
"The Vikings at Helgoland." Opinions consider- '
sbly differ, as to the utility of dramatic echo©**— |
viewed us fountains of relnforcetnont for tho rej-;i- ',
!nr stage. Some observation^ that are both In- j
structive and amusing, on that subject, are here j
cited, from Charles Iveade, who was a great ob- :
server, and whose writings have exercised a great
influence fcr good. He make:* one of his charac- j
ters say.
"... I h«>ar n row Just now about a dra- '
matic school 'We have no dramatic schools,' is
tie cry. Well, la tha day I apeak of there were
several. Why. I belonged to twa. We never
Drought to light an actor; but we succeeded so far
•"J to ruin more than one lad who had brains
enough to make a tradesman, till we heated those
Trains, and they boiled all away. The way we de
stroyed youth was this: Of course, nobody would
Pay a shilling at ths door to see us running wild
•Mfion-r Shakespeare's lines like pigs broken into a
garden; so the expenses fell upon the actors, and
they paid according to tho value of the part each
Played. Richard 111 cost a puppy two pounds.
Richmond fifteen shillings, and so on; bo that with
us as In the big world dignity went by wraith,
not merit. 1 remember this made iv.9 sore at the
tm-e. Still, there are two sides to everything.
They say poverty urges men to crime; mine saved
me from It. If I could have afforded. I would
nave murdered one or two characters that have
lived with Rood reputation from Queen Bess to
Queen Victoria; but, a* I couldn't afford it. others
that could did it for me. Well. In return for his
cash, Richard r.r H iml' t or Othello commanded
tickets in proportion, for the tickets were only
gratuitous to the spectators. Consequently, at
night each Important actor played not only to a
most merciful audience, but to a large band of de
voted frlondly spirits in it. who came not to Judge
him but to carry him through triumphant llko an
election. Now, when a vain, ignorant chap hears
a lot or' hands clapping, he has not the sense to
say to himself. 'Paid for'! No, It Is applause, and
applause stamps his own Kacret opinion of hlmseir.
Ii« was oft his balance before, and now he tumbles
heel over tip into the notion that he is a genius.
throw* his commercial prospects after the two
pounds that went in Richard or Beverley, and
crosses Waterloo Bridge—
'A f>n for the shop and poplins baa»!
Counter, avaunt! I on tills southern bar.*
Will firs the Thames.'
"Noodle, thus singing; goes over the water. But
they won't have him at tho Surrey or the Vie, so
he takes to the country; and. while his money
lasts, and he can pay the miamanager of a small
theatre, he gets leave to play with Richard and
Hamlet. But when the money Is gone and he
wants to be paid for Richard * Co.. they laugh
at him and put him In his tight place, ami that
Is a utility, arid perhaps ends a 'super.' when, if
lie had not been a coxcomb, he might have sold
ribbon like a man to his dying day."
"BREWSTER'S MILLIONS."
The play of "Brawpter'3 Millions," It is an
nounced, will be performed, next season, by seven
companies. In five countries, and In three or four
lanjri-.agßS. Mr. Frederic Thompson's company will
make a tour of the larger cities of the United
spates. A company under tho direction of Messrs.
«"ohan and Harris will travel In the South and
West. Mr. Charles Frohman will station one com
pany In London, and will send another Into the
English provinces. Mr. Franz Relcher will place
a company in Herlin, and then carry It to other
larpe cities in Germany. The essentlsl arrange
ments for presenting this play In Frsnce and Italy
have no* yet been made. W. W,
metropolitan" opera house.
"Das Hheingold."
The Rhine daughters have waited till the last
week of the season to float (like th» angels In the
pictures of the Ascension, straight up and down) !n
the green river waters round and round the Blow
ing gold. But last nigh*, their turn cama, for ''Das
Rheingold" was stuig at the Metropolitan aa prel
ude to the three Ring dramas to follow, and they
float? -without miar.ap. nnd, 6ave for a bit too
much light on the upper back drop, which disclosed
their wires to those near the stage, with an un
usual effect of illusion. It has not always been so.
And the Rhine daughters' music, as well as thPlr
mechanics, was well handled, thanks in large meas
ure to Mme. S"huminn-H"ink, who added Tier rich
voice to the voices of Mmea. Alton and Ralph like
leaven.
This early suspicious note in the performance
was canl»d through to the end. There, were minor
mishaps of lighting and the like, nor was every one
in the host voice. But on tha whole tha opera
moved satisfactorily to Its end, and Mr. Hertz kept
his orchestra within bounds. Mme. Fremstad ap
peared as Frlcka. M:.'!> Weed as Frela, Mmc Schu
man-Helnk as Krda -as well as Flosshilde), ana
BurrstaJler as Logs. Of course, Oorlts gang Al
b*>ri£h; Van Roo>\ Wotan. and Reiss. Mima; and
this Is guarantee of satisfactory performances.
Muhlmann was the Fasolt, and Blass the Fatner.
Burgstaller was by r-o means at bis best vocally.
and Mis." Weed In roses bedecked was curiously
out of the picture. Bui In contrast to her stood
Mmc Fremstnd. a picture by herself, a remarkably
dominant. signitirnnt and fitting component of the
ftamp of authority is on her
"ricka, as in most of her creations; and the subtle
charm ia In it. Art<l she sang the mtttla with equal
r>o^-er. ease and beauty. Tha audience was Urge.
CROWDS IN MANHATTAN LOBBY.
Hammerßtein Says Subscription for Next
Season Is Already Large.
Mr. Hammersteln opened his subscription sale
'.. next neason yesterday mornlnp. nnd at tna
same ttma h« put the seats en sale tot Melba's
farewell and O.Uv*'s reapupamnce next week. As
a result at <» o'clock Ili lobby was so crowded
that three pollrerr.en were s?nt for and the Una
was run down cellar and around the j»mok!ri*c room.
The ?ala for next Fansin was taken to point one
way or tho other regarding th« success of the ■••
house, and at 6 o'clock last night Mr rlu maratera
went to dinner with a broad grin on his face, for.
If he himself is to be bellaved. over J:i'A\o<» had
been taken In. Of this sum, JUO.COO w*s subscribed
by the four big ticket speculator firms, ha efiys,
who sell at the hotels, etc. The rest, was private
subscription. During the illy there were numerous
requests for boxes, out Mr. Hanunerstein naturally
Is se'.ling boxes with rare, and moat of these- re
quests were refused. It Is 1 Is plan to sell the boxes
for all performances and then let the owner sub
let ut liis own pleasure. Mrs. Bull, for example,
has taken tlia right hand stage b<>x for the ttiason,
and she has Rlreaily disposed of the Wednesday
and Friday nights. She will ••■!> It for Monday
herself. So far. Indeed, the sale )rrlt'-a:e» that
Monday will be the heaviest night, with Friday
night second. Mr. llaminerstein has also been ap
proach»d about a Manhattan Opera club, and li»
may Join together certain of the boxes and nave
such a rlub in the house next season, as at the
Metropolitan.
"I'm greatly pleased with tho day, of course."
he said last right. "It was a good day's work,
and 1 expect from these Indications a subscription
of {TtOXOu 1 ! for next season."
The sale for caivfs reappearance whp also very
heavy, and Melba will have a bis house at her
farewell. Mr. Hammersteln Issued Invitations y«s
terda) for a farewell dinner «fiT her last appear
an ■ for tlio season on Monday night. The dinner
will b« ser% - p<l on the "Mfc" al the end of the per
formance of "La Boheme.*'
OPERAS NEXT WEEK.
Mr. HatntneratHn has arranged for Holy Week
a list of programmes that Include M>>iha's last
appearance Monday, Calves re-entrance Wednes
day, and Verdi's Requiem Mass Instead of an opera
on Good Friday. This list follows: On Monday
evening, for the Melba farewell, tl?e opera la "La
Boheme,'' and the supporting singers are Mile.
Trentinl and Bond, Bammarco, Arlmondt, Qilibert,
Glanoll-Galletti, Tecchl, Reechlgllan and Foasetta.
Tanara is to conduct. An added Interest Is given
to tho occasion by the Interpolation of tho balcony
scene from "Romeo and Juliet," which will be sung
by Mme. Melba ami Dalmores between the second
and third acts of "La Bobeme." Campaninl wii
conduct the balcony sceno. Wednesday evening is
th<> llrst appearance <•! Mme. Colv(, whose Cur
men will be sung In French, and supported by
Mdim. i)onuld.i. Trentinl and Olaconia, and Dal
mores, Ancona, Qilibert, Duddi, Mugnui ami
KeschJgllan; M. Campunlnl conducting.
Friday evening, Instead of the usual opera, there
will be suiiK. at popular prices, Verdi's Requiem.
'i!.- singers are Mines. Runs and I>« Clsneros, and
Bassl and Arlmondl, assisted by Hi" Manhattan
Opera House chorus and orchestra, with Campan
inl si conductor. At the Saturday matinee Mme.
Calve will be heard for the second tune, slnglns
Santuzzu in "Cavallerla Rustlcana." Dalmores ana
Bevel Iha c and Miles. Sevarina and Glaconla ac
company her, "Pagllaccr 1 will be - mi also. Both
operas will l<e conducted by Campaninl. On Bat
urday evening the seventeenth of the series of
popular priced performances will be rung. "Km
►luvolo" la the opera, and Bone) and Mis; Pink»-rt
win sing. On Sunday evening next, the third
"Campanlnl concert" will be Riven, end the follow
ing singers will be heard: Mmes. Pinkert. Ruas,
Donalda ZeppllH, MM. Basal, Bammarco, Anemia,
Venturinl and Mugnox.
At th« Metropolitan next week the Ring diamii*
will be finished on Monday nnd Wednesday nights,
nnil on Good Friday the season will lie brought to
a cios.- by a romance of "Parsifal."

NOTES OF THE STAGE.
Pen Greet has arranged the following repertory
! for his fifth and last week at the Garden Theatre,
beginning Monday, April i: Monday, "As You Like
It"' Tuesday, "Much Ado About Nothing**; Wedne
sday matinee, " Everyman**; Wednesday evening.
] "Julius Csesar"; Thursday evening "Twelfth
• Night"; Friday evening. "The MerchaM cf Ven
i ice" 1 Saturday matinee. "Julius Cspaar.*' »nd Satur
1 day 'evening, Charles Reaoei comedy "Masks and
Face
"The Mills of tha Gods" will be transferred from
! the Astor Theatre to the Manhattan on April 1.
: it Is expected thai the play will be continued at
the Manhattan until that house is Oemoltsned by
; tho Pennsylvania, probably In July.
To give the school teachers of the city an oppor
tunity to see "Widowers' Houses," at Lew Fiolds's
Herald Square Theatre, the matinees for Thursday
• and Friday of this week will begin at 3:3 ft Instead
of at -:-> p. «
David Montgomery, who la starring with his
1 partner. Htone. In 'The Red Mill." at the Knick
erbocker Theatre, will celebrate to-day the twen
j tieth anniversary of his advent upon the stage.
Mr. Montgomery, who has been associated with
| Stone for the last thirteen years, began his stage
■ career as a blackened comedian In a musio hall
In St. Joseph. Mo. His first big triumph was
•cored with bis partner In "Tt« Wizard of Oa."
MUSIC.
THE ORATORIO SOCIETY.
Sir Edward Elgar and His "Apostles."
The Oratorio Society of New York save a per
formance of Sir Edward Cigar's oratorio -The
Apostles," under unusual circumstances, at Car
negie Hall last night. It was the third public per
formance of the work in New York City, and as
on the two previous occasions th» society had th»
help of singers from the Musical Art Society.
This time, however, the oratorio was conducted by
the composer, who (it appears from the announce
ments of last night's concert) Is an honorary as
sociate conductor of the society. It is Sir Edward's
third visit to America, but the first on which he
has presented himself publicly In New York. Two
years ago he cams to accept a degree from Yale
University: last year he came again to conduct
some of his compositions. Including "The Apos
tles." at the biennial May Muslo Festival in Cincin
nati. This time he come* in a dual capacity as
the guest of the Oratorio Society to conduct
performance* of 'The Apostles" and its sequel.
"The Kingdom, ' at its concerts, and also
to receive a degree from the University of
Western Pennsylvania as one of the foreign
ruesta Invited to atten^L the dedication of the
n»w building of the Carnegie Institute at Pittaburg
in April. The work which he conducted lost night
had Its first performance at the Birmingham Fes
tival In October, 1909. Before any other European
city had an opportunity to hear It Mr. Frank Dam
rosch brought It forward with substantially the
choral nnd Instrumental forces which took part In
last night's performance, for the benefit of the City
History Club on February 9. 1904. It was then re
peated at the last concert of the Oratorio Society
on March 24 of the same* year. These fact*, taken
In connection with the other* that all of his works
of large dimension with a single exception have
been heard in New York, serve to indicate that the
concert Institutions of the city have* been keenly
alive to the significance of Sir Ed-ward as a com
poser, and lent beauty and significance to the re
ception which he received when he appeared upon
the platform last night to conduct his music.
Chorus and orchestra arose from their chairs to
welcome him. and he was made to feel again and
again by performers and listeners tint he has es
tablished a more intimate musical bond between
America and England than ha* ever existed here
tofore.
The forces that were placed at his disposal la3t
right were in all respects capable. The choir was
familiar with his music, and If portion* of it -were
sung with less spirit, less Inelslvcness and a
smaller degree of compelling power than ors the
earlier occasions, it was doubtless due *■"* the lark
of familiarity on the- part of the pincers «r.i in
strumentalists with the methods of Sir Edward
as a conductor. The name phenomenon, as this
reviewer can testify, was presented last May at
t'.e Cincinnati festivnl. Composers are not always
the best conductors of their o*--n wale.
Sir Edward's mo;!c Is modern In manner.
It is full of emotionality ami dramatic color,
and It follows the lines cf its text, which, at
times. It raises in expressive potency. But Mm
textual schema of the oratorio Is lacking in
continuity arid consistency and the musical de
vices enlisted to bind the scenes together, while
obvious enough to th» experienced musical analyst.
are still too purely intellectual to offer the amount
of sensuous enjoyment which the ordinary listener
expects from a musical composition. It is an. in
stance of the "cerebral" tendency of modem
music. Sir Edward, however, Is sensitive to Its
emotional flood, an.l tries to carry the performers
along on Its rhapsodical current. In the climaxes
his methods are vivifying, but In the long stretches
between he Is prone to let the performance become
lethargic. His e*re is largely Riven to the man
ner rather than the matter. Ha strives la evoke
tha spirit of the music, and conducts r.uanees of
expression, sometimes to the forgetting of the
rhythmical props upon which amateur charlatan
moat rely for confidence of utterance. His solo
strgers stood by him bravely last night, and so did
orchestra and chorus when something like the con
ventional moortr.ga were In eight. The solo singers,
an extremely capable band (to select any one of
whom lor ■pedal praise would be Invidious) were
Mrs. Ccrinna RMer-Kelsey. soprano; Mrs. yon Nles
»en-Stcne. contralto: Oaima Hamlln. tenor, and
Claude Cunningham, Frank Croxton and Edwin
Evans, basses.
When "The Kingdom" Is performed next week i*.
may be possible to say If, and if aa, to what extent
familiarity with B!r Edward Hoar's method of
comroeltlon increases admiration for It. Concern
ing i's sincerity and Its technical finish there can
bo no question. Whether or not ha is sufficiently
a dramatist (and his whole- conception of the ora
torio form is as drama as was that of Its origi
nators three centuries ago) to apply the modern
system of typical phrases convincingly Is a matter
open to question. Old-fashioned composer! have
been stronger in characterization by simple and
purely musical means. But so one be willing to
follow this composer ia his devices he la a mar
velious quickener of the f;incy and his power in
th» realm of t!;* emotions is not to be denied. It
was pleasant last night agnln to observe in the
early part of the oratorio that the composer ad
hered to the literal reading of his score nmil* by
Mr. Frank L>amrosrh In th« emplcyment or a de
vice for giving local color to the music.
Heretofore, we fancy, Sir Edward has heard
Ms ram's horn call played only upon the
trumpet. The propriety of the Introduction of the
.shofar in the dramatic scene with which Hr El
wanl has associated it was discussed in this jour
nal three years ago, when th» oratorio was new.
Iti the discussion the n»v. Francis L. Cohen, a
learned rabbi of London, who had supplied the
composer of "The Apostles" with information about
Ihe ancient Hebrew service, took part. in aapii
jiatlon of the unusual interval (a sixth) which Sir
Edward chose to give to his Instrument in prefer
ence to that generally heard In temples and syna
gogues on occasions when the shofar is sounds!
In obedience to ancient custom. Tho learned
Hebraist mad* no disagreement with Th» Tribune's
reviewer in his Interpretation of the ancient cora
nientator*, who set down Sir Edward'? use of the
ehefar as a mere poetic license. Yet it Is a matter
of gladness that the composer did i«o use It.
for the touch Of local color Is both beau
tiful nnd ftpproprlnte. An explanation of the
Scene, made on the earlier occasion, may
now with propriety be repeated. It is the
pecond scene of the first part of the oratorio and
the picture which the listener la Invited to In
voke In hhi fancy Is like tills: Jesus has been all
night alone. He had gone "out into the mountain
to pray and continued all night in prayer to (fad.**
He is seeking help and comfort in His purpose to
semi out apostles to spread abroad His teaching*.
nnd ha* heard the assuring voice of the angel
Gabriel. Morning Is about to break, and there
will be a change of guard when the signal is heard.
There are watchers on the roof of the temple.
within whose walls preparations are making for
the morning service. Suddenly the sound of a
ram's horn trumpet Is heard In the distance, and
the watchers proclaim tha rising of the sun: "It
■bines!* 1 Th© gates of the temple are thrown open
with a clang and the shofar Ist heard again. "The
face of all the East Is now ablaze with light: the
dawn reacheth even unto Hebron!" proclaim the
watchers, and Immediately with the smoke of tha
sacrifice arises the morning hymn from within
the temple. The temple choristers sing the 92d
Psalm.— "• psalm or song for tho Sabbath Day."
Here there hi another archaic touch, for the
melody to which the psalm is. sung is one that
has been handed down by tradition,
and the chant of ; the watchers Is imitated from
cumulations which may still be heard on peniten
tial days in the synagogues. Day is now come.
Christ calls his disciples about him. chooses th*
twelve who are to be his apostles, proclaims their
commission and an angelic voice blends with the
apostolic acceptance In supplication: "Look down
from heaven, O God, and behold and visit this
Tine." This is the Incident which Sir Edward
clothed with music which invites description for
both its antiquarian elements and its beauty. The
use of the shofar, however, to announce the dawn
of an ordinary Sabbath seems to be wholly arbi
trary. The ram's horn trumpet was employed by
the ancient Hebrews for warnings of large portent,
and only on occasions of the gravest solemnity.
Th» first day of the seventh month was a feast In
which it played a pare of paramount importance,
for it was the "memorial of blowing" instituted by
Moses. This feast. "Tom Teruah." is now blended
with the feast of the New Year. "Rosch-ha-Scho
nah." Once in seven times seven years. on the Day of
Atonement, it was anciently blown to announce the
great year of release. Its frequent use teems to
have been occasioned only by wars or dangers oS
cation*! disaster* Professor Or-* ASlsr* ot Waaa
ington. who has written an lnt»re»tin» raonoo--!"1
on the shofar. quotes nineteen passages from tha)
prophets !n which the instrument denotes war.
K. £. X.
DORA BECKER'S RECITAL.
Miss Dora Becker cave a violin recital te Mas*
4el3sohn Hall last night, assisted by Guatav Beck
er, who played the piano, and Charles Norsiaa
Oranville. who sang songs In a barytone) flea.
Miss Becker played WieniawakTs second concerto.
a Gads capriccio. a Bach adagio and fugue, a*4 a*
froup of national dances by Grieg. Saxaaata aaa
Brahms. Miss Becker has a liberal tone, whim
pieased the small audience. For her Intel at aii*T
attainments less can be said. »•-•.»»
CORT REPEATS CALVE ASSERTIONS
John Cort sent out a statement yesterday that,
if Mme. Calve sang with Oscar Hammernteln be
tween October 1 of this year and April 1 of next
It would have to be with his permission. He said
he had an ironclad contract with her. drawn by*
her own lawyers, for a concert tour.
i . . j_ i
READY FOR CIRCUS OPENING.
Preparations for the opening of the Bam urn At
Bailey circus to-morrow afternoon are practically
finished. The interior decoration* of the Garden ha.-* s
Wen finished, ami all the aerial rigging and other
paraphernalia are In place. There will be two re
hearsals to-day. At night, beginning at T o'clock.
there will be a complete dress rehearsal.
.
"BonKtt'a TaaJUa b Par* Fas*"
Died.
Death satire* ■ayaailag ka TUT. Tiom wMI be
repabHabea la Tae Tri-Wessi» Trlkaaw ■Mai at eataaj
charge.
■ ■
Bortors. I IT. Knap?, Emma B.
Chir*nt«r. Julia M. Plrnie. Susanna.
Combes, Rodr»y C F. Porter. Matt!ac4.
I>ellere. Elisabeth A. Saltonotall. Ka^«rln*P".
G^hiiKan. James <■. Talmadge. Henry.
Harvey, i D. Van Amrtnge. Bus«n M.
liens. Anna**. V«r»lanck. oph*lla M.
Jones. Lean!l«r P. "R'arinr. Charles E.
BORTON— On Sunday. March 17. 1!W. 8. B. Bu»tt;ia*
n»«.i 66 rears and !<> months. FUn»rat ssrviccs at ats
lat# rwliitnc. o>nmor" ar» and Enflwld at.. Itrooklyn.
Wednesday eveninsr. 9o' clack sharp. Interment at coe>
renlenc* of family.
CAE-PHNTKR— On March I<*. after a short Illness. Julia
M. Carpenter, widow of Jer?mla!i Ca'T#nt»r. ?>iner*|
atrvtcM at bar ]<»•» reateteoe*. No. 8407 Av«nu* I.
Brooklyn, on Thurxlay. Mail 21. a* 2 v ■». Inter-
MM Oreenwoo<i. Ansonia an.l t>erby 'inn l paper*
please copy.
COMBES— On Monday. Mar-h m TV Rcidney C. F.
Combes', atsd »1 yean. Fuceial services Thursday. i
p. m.. a: his bom*. No. 195 Har.cock. St., Brooklyn.
DE^T^RK-On Mon.Jav March 1«. st TVh!t» Platae.
ST. T.. BUzaaett Augusts, daughter of Charles A. aa<t
Elizabeth S:ir.or\« DeOafe, aged 7 months It day*
Funeral priv»t»
OAIIAGAN— At Hob->ken. N. X. "■ Sunday. March IT,
1907. Jani** Charl-^ Gahngan. ag»d «2 years an 4 8
months. R«!ativ» 9 at. 1 frl-»nil!>. also members of EucU<l
1.. '?? y:^. 138 F. and A. M-: Frat-rnity Lease No. 112.
1. O. O. r.; dlr-ctora anl stockh"ld-r» of the J»ff«rsoa
Trust Company. «hs Board of Trade of the City of
11->bok*n and th* Business Men's Bowling Cl'U» are re-»
«p»ctful!y lnvitM to attend funwaJ on Wednesday.
March 2t». 1307. Nt a "• lert p. m . fr">m his lata net
d-ncf. No. 162 Ufa St., H' bok-n
HABI*E(T— On Tuesday. March li». 19« T. »»b«c^-« I>. KaMi
v»v. at th« home o£ her son-in-law. t->^ Hey Dr. 3.
Benson Hamilton. N■> S.">ft Lafayatt* a-«. Brooklya.
rum •] and Snterment private
HESS— On Sunday. Marrh IT. :: r "v. Arr.s C. wtaew of
Christian Hess, hi h«r 86th yir runsra! from h»»
Jat'* r*sJdrnc« No, 10*2 c "-i'.">n St.. Brooklyn. W««tnee»
«iay, 2p. m. Interment at Greenwood.
JONES — Su^d«n!y. at Bei:a:r», Fla.. oa Sunday. Marea>
17. 1907. Dr. L«ar.d«i- Page Jones, o* Gre«a'WlcX CM&
F-ia«>ra; prlvat». Ktnd!y omit asweea
KNAPP— JI'Msdsy. March 19. 1907. Emm» Benedict, widow*
of Shepherd Knasp and daughter of the late Jesse W.
Benedict. Funeral service" at the Brisk PresbyterhA
Church. fifth ay«. an>l 37th st.. Thursday. March 2U
at 2p. ir.. Kindly omit gewam
PIP.NIE— On Monday. March I*. 1907. Susanna, daugbta* :
of th<» late. John ar.d Margaret Pirnle. Funeral serrtce
at' her lat» rssldene*. No. 175 West 72« at, on Th'irs-.
cay mentat March 23. at 1O o'clocll. Interment at th»
-»!-.!encs of th* family.
PORTER On March Is. 1907. at Lawrence. Lama Is!as4.
Maltland. Infant daughter of H. Boaart ar.d Katltsrla*
Porter, aged 10 months. Funeral services a? 5 «/cloc!c
Wednesday aitvmoon, at Trinity Church. H»wl»tta>
Long Island.
BALTONSTALL— Entered into rest, March 1?. J9W,
Katherioa Far: t wife of Henry L. aaltonatsJl. Panersl
SfUkt" at her lat# horrn*. No. 217 Edgar Place. Eli«e
astb. N. j. ca Wednesday. March 20. a; 30 p. m.
TAT-AIADOE— On Tuesday morning. Mar 19. tSBT,
Henry T2!rr.adg<». in th« gM jess of Us ag». S^ttaeral
••srvicf* will b« held a' his late real leaea. So. •»•
Madison aye.. Thursday afternoon, at 3 o'clock.
VAN AMTUNGE— At Roosevelt awaettet. on Taiilar.
March 13. 1007. after » llagerlnir lllnets. Susan M- Van
Atnrlr.se. dausht»r of th» late William F. Van Amrtnae.
cf N«'v Y>rk. Funeral services will r« held at th* resi
dence of her brother. No. 253 West 127 in s*.., or. Thurs
toy afternoon. March 21. at 2 o'clock.
VERFLANCK— : At Tonkers. N. V.. on Monday. March 1%
13<>7. entered Into rest. Ophelia, irer!<». widow of Philip
Vcrplanck and daughter *f 'he !it« Joseph Durbrow. oC
Ban Francisco. CaL. aged 71 ■. -ars Funeral services at
rcr late resident*. No. 229 Warbuxton aye.. on Wednes
day. March 2<>. at 4 p. m. far. Francisco papers pleas*
ccpy.
WAKIHG—Ai Tonkar:-, on Tssswaj. M"arrh 19. 1807.
i Char:?* Edwin Waring, fn the *21 year or his sjs.
Fur.erai service a. h:s ista reside i No. 24 Locust
H!'. jv». Yonkers. en Friday afternoon, at 3 ©•clocß.
lat-rment a: St. John's Cemetery. Tonkers, N. T.
TIH: WOODUHN CEMSTEZR
Is seaawj agf>sa»bl«» fey Harlem trains from Orand C«a»
tral Station. Webster ana Jeroros Avenue, trailers sad la*
rarriac* Lots fI2S up Telephon* 4S3S Oraniercjr BBS)
Book of Views or representatiTS.
OSlce. 2O East 23d St.. Nsw York C!:y.
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taker: only on* p'.a.-* of business. Sth At*, and IMb)
at.; largest In th* world. Tel. 124 and 12$ Ch*lsea>
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