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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 01, 1907, Image 6

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*QA-tMMT OS* *IT"SIC— «—
MsUlM£*J^-X~- •
/£TOR-»:C»— Th* AjriWtlou* Mr*. Oloott. .
ait3^?CO -2— *:lS— TL» ii'-wo cf td« lunene.
»Trr.n:.rr LYCEUM— B-"»— 1"a« Reekonae.
JU-On— S:ls— Hrd<sa Oabler.
JJJUSAX>V»'AT — 6 - 1( " •' •' l'»ri*!an Modtl. ,
CAforo— * it Vl.'.te Hen.
O >1/>JCI A Xr— 2 — 8 — Vaudeville.
'"^JTESSION — 8:11 — TJi» T*ttoo»« aiaa. ,
»Ai.T'S— ♦ 1»- -Tf ■ crrir.r CrJckeji. -
SDEN MVSEn— The World In We.*.
SriPXltE-etaO-The Siivr lior
OABDEN-* ' You Mice It.
«» * .■Mfrw ft-'** i' v .# «^'~ru» l^aov
■AMUERcTr. S V;-T<tRTA v::. VBuSerilto.
Spj> iYjVt.' , !"!• lUiad to Yesterday.
£r^PODROME>-2— S— N>ptune'« I>au£t.ter and "■■
JiriK-S:^-A KsUM* of sons* B:ls— Bretr»ter'«
rrVIXO < rilArEr-l»:2o— f=s!rm« »na Zum Einflefll«r.
BOCICKETRB' —<>:'>.'.— T.i* K«<l Mill.
B^3Ko^£^SS W. were T.er.ty-cna.
J,TCEl*il-»> Uon ■»• th« Mouse.
ytn;wiv 6<ji:al«-3— t«:ls— Th« Three «if t.B.
3IA.Ti;ST!O-*:l&— The fociel . bin.
21ANHATTAN— «:1S— ThP Mill* of the r.'fl*.
vrrtv AMSTERDAM- «: 15 — Grand Mogul-
NTW YORK «:15— Tho l*nfl of Soa.
Wj^.« i S^">^The Great DlvlO.
SaVOT— 6:ls— The Man of the Hour
WALt-ACK'S— S:I3— A Marrtas* cf R*a*on.
Index to Advertisements.
ATnuf»™rt. Vi »-c EicMrslon. J"
JBankern & brokers.. J» 1 'to I*l. . ■■ ■••• •••" 3
Ho*r4 end Rooms... 9 J, Furnished Room* to
Cror.JCvn . property ■ I ris*^ •■—•• v ;
*uuumm Chances.... • 2' X^t. Coumry II J
g^oSr 10 *:::;::! liTTrlp TTmi*^ 5 •
r CJt7noW7\T n a Hotels A- Itesuunat*" «
Property l*t 11 si!? 81 ™ 011 "".-:-:::.'*;' «
City property for ! Harris*** * !**«».. . «
p s i« 11 S -Ocean Pteariers *• «
Copartnership No- ' Public Notices 1- 8-J
, tires 10 1 ' RullYvotfls » «
Cor*Ttner«!i!p V'.sso- Real ****** •• " ,
Country property tor I Srccla: Notices.. • "
»*> ............. 11 r. 6urroc«t«*« Notices... ll 8-8
Country Property to !To T^t for Business
. Let 11 81 Purpose? ......11 5
3>e#kt and Office Fur- TWwn* Subscription _ -
! niture • 1 1 Hut** | "
!r>:vld«<4 j:0t1ee»....1l UTrurt fowpanlej 11 •'
.fcomcstl" £Jtuai!oc» iVr'umished Rooms . ,
. "want*« » «-*' Wanted 9 I
;Dr*«*nißli.!BC * Mil- T- furr.ished Apirt
, J!nerj- 9 »' m«rt« to I* « »
•trmplojirent Aces- ! WJ nt pr Rmioti ls 11 -
I cle. *...• UTTotk TVaistM « - -■*
2lWU<nrkDail22 Wnbmt&
MONDAY. APRIL 1, 1907.
1 FOREIGN".— It was reported from Brussels
ithtt J. p. Morgan had bought the Van den
fPorcbooia collection of art objects for $1,200,000.
\r— — A fire at the Palazzo del Drago, Ambas-
Jtaxlor Grls>com's home at Rome, slightly injured
Mr. Oriscom and caused damage, estimated at
310,000, to the building. ===== Advices from
Bucharest say that the troops have full control
in the rebellious districts; a few new outbreaks
were reported. ■- ... ■ Chancellor yon Biilow and
!6ignor Tittor.i met at Bapolla; a statement ls
fEued after the conference said that they were
tin full accord regarding international questions.
V .. . Russian colonists in Brazil have asked
(that emigration from the Baltic provinces to
I3razil be prohibited: they a'loge bad treatment.
It The "'Figaro" printed another instalment
lot its synopsis of the Moniagnini papers.
; DOMESTIC— Ex-Congressman Galusha A.
Crow, who was Speaker of the House In the
,early days of the Civil War. and who came with
in one vote of bein? nominated for vice-presi
dent in 1864. instead of Andrew Johnson, who
became president when Lincoln was assassin
ated, died from old age at his home at Glen
trood. Perm. = — == The crisis in the situation
at Albany is believed to be impending and it is
thought, that Governor Hughes wil speedily
make his appeal to the people unless there is a
change in the attitude of the Senate.
CITY.— choirs from the Hanson Place
"Methodist Church serenaded at sunrise the blind
evangelist. Ira D. Sankey, and Dr. Cuyler. The
various Easter parades were attended by more
people than ever before. :.t ,t The Rev. Dr. J.
TV. Hill, pastor of the Janes Methodist Church,
In Brooklyn, told of his speeches in Chicago on
Tuesday in support of Busse, the Republican
candidate for Mayor. ■ . ? It was said that
many .semes u-«re found in the poolroom raid
of last week, and numerous subpoenas had been
Issued for grand ' Jury action. =: Five stu
dents were arrested after racing with Commis
sioner Bingham's automobile. = Prepara
tions were made for the painters' strike, to go
Into effect to-day. == A child was killed in
Jfewark by an automobile. --^=-- Four persons
had a narrow escape from being swept over a
dam on the Bronx River. r. '.. - East Orange
police arrested many automobile speeders yes
terday. . It was announced that Colonel
Fowler, the appraiser of this port, had advanced
the valuations on pottery importations from
prance. - One of Thaw's counsel said that
CO alienist would be called for the defence be
tore the lunacy commission. - It was said
that the health committee of the Board of Al
dermen favored the proposed Gripenbagen pure
milk ordinance.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Cloudy and warmer. The temperature yester
day: Highest. 83 degree*; lowest. 4.".
The present deplorable condition of affairs in
three of the Central American states gives addi
tional point to what we have hitherto Bald about
the futility of regarding mediation, moral Inter
vention, arbitration or anything of the sort as
sin infallible preventive of war. Before the ex
isting war broke out there was an agreement to
arbitrate, there was an offer of mediation or the
lender of good offices by at least two impartial
'and benevolent powers, and there was by those
same powers the utmost exertion of moral influ
ence and intervention. Yet, In spite of all these
things, two states went to war and a third
joined In th© fray. All that could be done
abort of the exercise of fon-e was done t.i
prevent the war. But it was all done in
Tain. There remained the question of the use
•f force. That obviously lay, aud li.«<, in the
"discretion of the neutral powers. It rested with
•Mexico aud the fulled Bastes to determine for
ifcerase'.ves whether either duty or interest gave
them a sufficient mandate for the exercise of
coercion. It Is conceivable that one or both of
Him might have decided, with amide justifica
tion, to use force for the prevention of war,
though such use of force would itself have been
Srar. It is indisputable thai hi deciding not to
As so they acted quite withia their legal and
aneral rights and In a way entirely above crit
These latter remarks apply equally well to the
fpiestioa of forcible intervention to slop the war
How that it has begun. In some easel nations
bare a moral right to <l.» that, and they have
done It— as Russia and Rumania, did in the
Balkan* and as the l r tilted Mats* did in Cuba.
Oa the other baud, they have an Indisputable
right to refrain from doing co, according to their
own discretion. The United States has refrained
from intervening, and Mexico officially an
aftunres that she will not Intervene. That atti
tcde of the two powers Is eminently correct and
toot subject to criticism. There Is, again, the
agnation of moral intervention, through the ten
tier of good offices, for the stopping of the war.
Doubtless the United States and Mexico have a
right to do that at any time; but doubtless, too.
they «re under no legal or moral compulsion to
do so. On the contrary, they an* or would be
aju|k!.v justified In refraining from such action,
on tbe ground that they bad already made such
offers ana bad been repulsed. If the disputants
vnk&& tot listen to them nor accept their good
offices before the war began, what reason would
tliere be for Loping fLat they would do so nor.?
'And -liaTlcg once had Its benevolent offer re
jected, bow often is a nation to renew tbe offer
east subject itself to a repetition of the rebuff?
It will be perUuent to recall the terms of tho
eowcßtion of The Huge*. They are to this eff
f*sCt?i: "In case of serious disagreement or con
'■£l% baron* on appeal to arms. the . signatory
mm egt*e to aero recourse, as far as cb>
.•'aiiusinticsr, e'Jaw, to good offices or mediation.
V*. V L;. : tadepaßoonay of this, tbo signatory
< -Dower* : recossesfl that cno cr core, pewara
-. . . should, on their own initiative, and as
"far as circumstances may allow, offer their
"good offices. . . . Powers . . . have
"fee right to offer good offices or mediation,
••even curing the course of hostilities. . . .
•The functions of the mediator are at an end
-when once it is declared . • . that the
"means of reconciliation proposed by bi.a are
••not accepted." It Is to te noted that it is only
••before an appeal to arms" that the powers as
sumo the obligation to offer mediation. After
the appeal they simply "hare the right" to do so
without offence. It is Justly considered that the
time for mediation or arbitration is before war
If? began. The old rule, •'inter anna hues silent,"
still holds food, or. if the laws or. the good of
fices of a mefliator are to become effective amid
the conflict of arms, it should more properly bo
at the appeal of the combatants themselves than
at the initiative of the neutral power whose
former overtures have been rejected. It would
be a grateful thing to have peace restored In Cen
tral America through the good offices of tho
United States aud Mexico, or of one of them.
But such tender of good offices now would be an
act of gratuitous generosity, which might be
welcomed and applauded, but which neither tho
combatants nor the world can properly demand
or expect.
It bepius to lock ns if Mr. Bryan had decided
to be again the Democracy's Greatest Conserva
tive Force. He is :is reassuring fts an old nurse
to a frightTe<t baby. Every word In full of
balm. and tho tones of his voice soothe the agi
tated nerves. Ho seems prepared to hare the
nation understand that bis Madison Square Gar
deu riivagatiou was a mere temporary lnpse,
venial in one who n;ul been for a lons time
awaj from the country, had not yet got his bear
ings, did not fully apprehend his role, and did
not know the natural bounds snd confines of
He reassures the world upon the dangerous
subject of government ownership of railroads.
He believes In it, of course, for consistency 13
over Mr. Bryan's way. but 'tis only a harmless
idiosyncrasy. He has no idea of putting bis
personal beliefs into effect Government owner
ship is only the "ultimate solution of tho ques
tion," and "ultimate solutions'* are. of course, a
long way off. "It is not an immediate question."
He Is "not sure that the people are ready to
consider government ownership." It is merely
his private belief that some, day, when things
work their way upward toward perfection, we
shall reach that blessed state where government
ownership will be natural and inevitable. Would
such essential moderation affright the most tim
orous? Why, we may say that government
ownership as the ultimate happy estate of man
kind amounts to little more than a theological
belief, and you might as well pronounce .•» man
politically dangerous because of bis belief In
the millennium as to call Mr. Bryan a radical
because of li's faith In governmvent ownership
as the "ultimate solution"! Timorous Wall
Street may well take Mr. Bryan to Its bosom.
He should soothe the panic. lie should hearten
Investors. He should prop the tumbling railway
stocks with the assurance that the peril of gov
ernment absorption is only "ultimate," for ulti
mate dangers have no terrors. Ultimata gov
ernment ownership is like the ultimate chilling
of the earth, drying up of th-> seas, or going out
of the sun, in which astronomers believe but
which do not affect security values. Wall Street
lias been crying out for somo one to bush its
fears, and Mr. Bryan comes forward with his
bottle of soothing pvrup.
Mr. Bryan, in bis efforts to regain his lost
prestige as a conservative, should be greatly
helped by his latest recruit.-. His choice of Mr.
Henry M. Whitney as bis intermediary In Eootli
iw: Wall Street is admirable. Mr. Whitney is
almost a reassurance in himself. The associa
tion of tbe two men in a political venture which
aims at the Governorship of Massachusetts and
tho Presidency of the United States suggests
that, like government ownership, Mr. Bryan's
programme of reducing to the ranks Democratic
leaders affiliated with the trust* Is only an "ulti
mate solution." Mr. Whitney is-tlie guarantor
of Mr. Bryan's ■conservatism,- nnd Mr. -Bryan's
letter helps Mr. Whitney by assuring the Xe
brasfcan'a admirers that Mr. Whitney Is not on
tho -Democratic in <lcr eapurgatoriuf. ..Says the
Boston correspondent of "Tho Springfield Re
publican" regarding the incident: .
It satnis as if Whitney had put the questions
to Rryun for the- rake Of giving- the ■' latter an
opportunity of saying things which would re
move the distrust which Is felt of him in some
conservative quarters. If Whitney can draw
the sympathy of the Bryan men la this way it
will make him oil the stronger as a candidate
for the Governorship.
The other Bryan recruit. Senator Bailey, has
relations with «he trusts sufficiently Intimate for
him to borrow money of them. Is not bis s;ip
j.ort. with Mr Whitney's, sufficient "to remove
"the distrust which is felt in some conservative
If Hearst, in the peraon of Dunne, Ir-s hand
bbsscsj beaten in Chicago, this kissing and mak
ing up between the Nebraska man nnd the con
servatives should make progress famously. If
net — but why borrow trouble?
Tbe popularity of science is growing astonish
ingly. laboratories are everywhere over
crowded, so that many eager students are com
pelled to carry on their researches in private.
Praiseworthy as this borne study Is, It has its
drawbacks, not only for the student, but even
more conspicuously for the public. Take, for
Instance, the difficulties besetting the scientific
Investigator of sociological problems. Not long
ago i truth seeking clergyman fell Into the
bands of tbe police while pursuing Truth up a
dark alley and Into a slum tenement. And the
other day the wits of a Jefferson Market magis
trate were sorely taxed by the lady shoplifter
who, while confessing to the theft of several
pairs uf gloves from a department store, pro
tested that the act was prompted solely by her
scientific desire to determine accurately the per
centage of chances favorable to escape. It is
embarrassing to stumble upon experimenters
unawares; the shopkeeper is embarrassed by
the false charges be Incontinently makes, the
policeman by the useless trouble and ridicule in
corred. and tbe scientist by the slanders of the
ignorant multitude and the exasperating delay
fii the Investigation. The general public, too,
suffers by the blunder, in that it forms a bad
opinion of the morality of scientists. Every
body, then, Is ready to welcome 'a scheme elim
inating these unpleasant features without hin
dering the fast and furious pursuit of Truth.
Many difficulties, though, eeem to make such
a sdieme chimerical. For one, the students of
shoplifting seem to think it necessary to retain
for an indefinitely long period the goods they
take experimentally from the shopkeeper's coun
ter. This is unfair to tbe shopkeeper, because
tbe goods are sure to go cut of style long before
they are returned, lv other cases, tbe scien
tists use the appropriated goods, doubtless with
a view to determining by Infinitesimal calculus
whether any abnormal molecular deterioration
takes place in goods not handled by salesladies
and wrapping clerks. This matter demands so
lution, of course, for if gloves gently "lifted"
frof:: the counter really outwear gloves that
have been wrapped up and tied, the buying pub*
He ought to know it at once. And yet tv» ox
periments necessary to prove this do work a
certain hardship upon the shopkeepers, for often
the scientists, after having worn out the goods,
neglect to return even tho remnants. And this
confuses the bookkeeping at the store 'very
Other difficulties prevail in th© case of scien
tific elumoicrs. In order to get into the spirit
of da Giu2i the investigators often hare to gar;
some of its spirits Into themselves first. By
thus drinking deeply at the fount of slununy
wisdom and the spigots of depravity they be
come nbeorbed in their work and forget to pub
lish results. Thus tbe true aim of science^ —
namely, the instruction of the public — is
thwarted; revelaiions of low life, pleasant and
horrible, remain l<^ked up in the breasts of the
Investigators, who disclose what they have
learned only when an inadvertent arrest makes
it advisable. Still, nobody can censure them for
In a measure keeping to themselves the mys
teries of saloon back doors, nonlroonis aud other
sanctuaries <>f evil; every scientist has to avoid
publishing premature reports of his researches,
for tbe lay mind might only too easily be led to
wholly erroneous conclusions by fragmentary,
episodical Information about matters too ab
struse for its comprehension. Unhappily, the
scientist has to suffer much contumely because
of bis retieenee and secrecy. Bnl this seems to
bo the unavoidable price of his privileges.
One step, however, might be taken toward
ameliorating bis condition. The Police Depart
ment «ould open up v registration bureau, where
■II prospective experimenters In such sciences
:is shoplifting, pocket picking and slumming
would be required to write down in advance
tlieir names and addresses, us well as tbe par
ticular problem they wish to Investigate. Thus,
If a refined and studious lady from The Bronx
should desire to prove How easy It is to relieve
a department store of some of its bargains at
much less than bargain prices she would insure
her Immunity and good reputation by recording
her prosrnmuic — the kind of goods to be taken,
the store to be pilfered, tbe hour at which tho
experiment would take place, and so on. It
would then be n simple mutter to have a plaiu
clothes man on band ;ir the appointed place aud
hour to protect the scientist from the misdi
rected zeal and v rath of tbe store detective.
Surely, any lady or K<'n'leiuftn seriously Inter
ested in writing technical essays for scientific
journals would be willing to go through such a
formality. By trentitij; nil unregistered gentry
caught in tbe net as criminals th<? sheep would
quickly and surely be separated from the goats
and magistrates be relieved of much worry.
It has ton been observedvtbat the signifi
cance and celebration of our red letter days are
gradually changing, and the best opinion seems
to be that tlio change is for the worse. Thanks
giving, Independence Day, Christinas and Me
morial Day have become seasons of thoughtless
mirth and 'money spending. Nowhere in the
calendar is there a date which commands seri
ous respect on tin 1 part of everybody, and there
may never 1"' such a one unless by universal
agreement Jill paydays—are nationalized and
fixed by act of Congress. New Year's Day seems
to bare suffered more than any other. Only ■
few years ago every respectable citizen nt least
professed to make Ills annual good resolutions
or the tlrst day of the year; end, just to render
th« h) more binding, everybody called on every
body else and proclaimed them over the tea
table. But this custom bus long since faded
away, even ns tho good resolutions nave done;
and no wonder, for the humorous futility of tho
practice soon became painfully conspicuous. Re
forms do not move with the almanac, ns tides
and seasons do.
But the historian of this en mnkes bold to
find In the disuse of Sew Years Day ono of the
numerous causes of much current f-x.lishncsfl.
When men stopped making j: illv <i resolutions they
also apparently ceased crltlcifbif their own con
duct. At least, an Innocent observer u:is'it well
iuf<r this from the fact that since tho decline
of the New Year's habit there has brn-n an as
tonishing—yes, even n terrifying — Increase in
the number and worrisomeness of varieties of
foollahnem Bo pronounced luis been the change
sweeping over the bind that many publications
whose aim it la to bold ■ mirror up before tho
people now read tike the official proceedings <<t
the Society for. tbe Suppression of Sanity.
Plainly, then, we need to have a d:iy set up.irt
fi»r the contemplation of silliness. Such v day
should be used neither for tlu> clorltlcattou of
stupidity nor yet for making solemn vows to
break with folly. I'olly no more needs glorinVa
tion at this i«>int in the circus pamo> of li!srury
than the lily needs paint. And formal vows are
too fragile t<> b*» worth the miking. What we
really nwd, though, is k> look at our respective
and respectable selves wiih calmly contemplative
eyes. For this purpose All F'x»ls' Day seems
t<> be the b<st fitted, being already <-i.nswrnted
to folly ami eminently popular. Would it not
be well to change its character somewhat, even
ns we have altered that of •very other red letter
Tli n now holiday ought to succeed for innny
reason--, its meaning can i»' grasped by every
body. It Is always modern, not depending upon
dciU In ancient history. It makes no appeal
to dass feelliip or to religions or racial distinc
tions. All men a.'nl women in this broad lnud
could join in its celebration with equni sincerity
and fervor. Nor need the celebration be expen
sive. Tho morning mlgnl be spent at home with
the family, rehearsing the stupidities of the last
year. After luncheon, where tbo folly of search
lnc for nn ideal <xx>k at any price a month might
Im- dwelt u>>ii between courses, the family would
adjourn to the nearest ball or church, tlicro to
listen to and take part In v public "experience
meeting." In very larßO cities, of course,
special kinds of foolishness would be commemo
rated ;•: various public places. Anti-imperlHlist.s
and kindred souls might convene in the town
hall, prohibitionists in the lutk'T breweries,
patent medicine fiends in the cemeteries, and so
•in. By this lim<- the reader will have perceived
that the inliuite variety of ways In which this
truly national holiday mlghs>be celebrated must
bring If into Instant popularity. But its great
est attraction is yet to be told; after having wor
shipped lit his own shrine, each citizen would
be free ti» visit the confessionals of bis brethren
and .witness their proceedings, if this advan
tage is appreciated, another year will surely s«e
All Fools' Day cherished and honored by its nu
merous owners.
There are some dangers incident to railroad
travel which it is impossible to eliminate en
tirely. Accidents will happen on the best regu
lated railroads, notwithstanding all the safety
devices which have been put into practical use
during the last few years, although some man
agers seem to be more successful than others In
reducing these accidents to a minimum. Even
tha block system, hailed as the triumph of hu
man Ingenuity In Its own particular field, Is by
no means an absolute protection to tho traveller.
But beyond these dangers there is a more for
midable one, tbe malicious tampering with
tracks and switches with Intent to cause damage
to properly regardless of the possibilities of loss
of human life.
Not long ago a fast train was wrecked through
tl»e action of a child who wanted to see how a
train wreck looked — a perverted impulse prob
ably created by the perusal of sensational lit
erature. Now the officials of the Pennsylvania
Railroad are. called upon to solve the problem
of the persistent efforts to wreck Its fast trains
between Now York and Chicago. That these
attempts are prompted by malice rather than a
desire for pecuniary gain Is evidenced by the
lack of any attempt to rob the wrecked trains
and by the attack made upon a train near Pitts
burg a day or two ago, when stones were thrown
through the windows and a number of persons
painfully if not seriously hurt. That some of
tiiese efforts to do great damage have not been
successful Is by be means owing to lack of care
on the part of the wreckers In making their
preparations, but to rare good fortune. The
greatest waiebluiccss on tho part of. the officials
of a railroad cannot perfectly guard against the
results of snen fiendish and persistent efforts to
destroy its property, and incidentally to kill and
Injure" scores of human beings.
A man possessed of a mind so distorted that
the whole nniverse sinks into insignificance be
side his own microscopic personality is hardly
a safe person to have at large, and unless it
can be clearly demonstrated that the guilty par
sons are mentally incapable of distinguishing tbe
dUfeream between right and wrong it would
seem that the extreme penalty which cau be in
flicted !s ridiculously out of proportion to the
magnitude of tho crime intended if not actually
accomplished. The travelling public will breathe
» sish of relief when it learns that these dan
gerous persons are safely behind tbe bars.
Wall Street seemed to reach tho pulmination
of Its season of panic last Monday, when an
abnormally high money market was added to
the ammunition of the short account and the
sixty most active railway securities closed at an
average price of only $J>l o9 a share. This
represented a decline of almost $&> a share
from the highest point on record, attained in
January of last year, and amounted to much
more money in the stocks in which speculation
had been most aggressive, aa many compara
tively quiet Issues sustained the average by
erhall variations. Subsequently a new low rec
ord for recent years was recorded for Standard
OU, hut most of the leading railway shares re
covered substantially as the financial situation
improved and general business stubbornly re
fuged to respond to stock market Influences.
Trading was heavy, about equal to the activ
ity In the same week last year, buf even after
the recovery to an average of $94 57 compari-
Bon with the closing day of March. 1906. showed
a loss of $22 68 a share. Improvement as the
week advanced was the more striking* because
of reports that a great railway strike was prob
able and many minor labor troubles were
threatened, especially in tho textile Industry. It
was also noticed that rumors of disaster to th©
crops began circulating earlier than usual. The
Industrious manner in which canards were dis
tributed suggested the existence of a consid
erable short account, which is always tha best
technical condition that can exist. After all the
rumors regarding failures Imminent In the finan
cial district, the only suspension that material
ized was a banking house especially active in
the foreign exchange market.
Last week opened with tbe financial strin
gency that might be expected when preparations
were being made for quarterly Interest distri
bution and several railways were striving to
borrow money. It Is probable that pressure
would have been severe but for timely relief
from Washington. Secretary Cortelyou an
nounced that 4 per cent bonds held as security
for government deposits might be redeemed by
substituting any bonds acceptable under New
York and Massachusetts savings bank restric
tions, and later the April Interest on the na
tional debt was anticipated, while customs re
ceipts were deposited with New York banks to
the extent of $15,000,000. All these measures
afforded relief, but it Is probable that the effect
was far In excess of the actual cash liberated.
becaußo It disposed of the fear that the new offi
cial would not bo inclined to help th« local
situation. A email engagement of gold was ar
ranged by advancing tho price to 775. 10*rsd. at
London, and sterling exchange continues so
weak that Imports will occur whenever Euro
pean banks cease to place obstacles In the way.
Foreign bank rates do not encourage expecta
tion of large specie transfers, however, and
very unfavorable statements were Issued last
week by both the Bank of England and the
Bank of France. On the other hand, the local
associated banks reported a large Increase In
General business conditions could hardly M
more favorable, especially when pessimistic pre
dictions are considered. Spring weather came
early in most sections, providing th© last week
before Easter with thermal conditions ideal for
large retail buying. Results In many cases far
surpassed anticipations of dealers, hurry orders
for supplementary shipments being sent to Job
bers and wholesalers. Some local dealers In the
most expensive luxuries complain of smaller
otders^than usual on account of the depression
in Wall Street, but this factor was not felt ex
cept in the higher classes of Jewelry, auto
mobiles and similar commodities not purchased
by the great mass of people. That labor is well
employed Is evidenced by the difficulty experi
ence! In keeping plants occupied throughout the
country. Much machinery Is Idle, although
large contracts are on the books and higher
wage* are offered than at any previous date.
Interruption Is most disturbing at New Eng
land textile mills, makers of cotton goods hav
ing orders in many cases up to the end of the
year, yet the usual exodus to Canada has begun.
These operatives come down for tho winter pea
son, but go back to outdoor work In summer.
Serious strife on railroads. In building trades nt
Sp.n Francisco and In several minor Industries
may begin on May 1 unless agreements are
signed during the intervening month.
Commodity exchanges have continued to fol
low th© lead of the securities market, and a iit-
U« better feeling developed as th© week ad
vanced because of Increased confidence in Wrtll
Street. Some hesitation in option trading ap
peared on Thursday, due to th© long holiday,
and contracts were closed out freely by cautious
operators on both sides of the account. Pros
pects, for the new crops are favorable on tl o
whole, an early start being assured by the for
ward season, while there is no reason to antici
pate more than the customary amount of loss
from Insects. Cotton comes Into sight freely,
bu: exports continue to establish new records',
over 7.000.000 bales having gone abroad In seven
months of the crop year. Th© outgo of wheat is
also satisfactory, shipments last week being
about double those of the same week In 1000 and
more than three times the movement two years
ago. Foreign requirements are very great, and
there is a prospect that exports will return to
the large figures of a few years ago, now that
great crops in this nation provide an ample
From loading manufacturing Industries th©
only report of special Interest last week was
the sudden demand for russet shoes. Large
spilng and summer shipments were going for
ward at the rate of about 100,000 rases weekly
fiom Boston, but proper preparation had not
been made for business in tan goods, which are
proving much more popular than anticipated.
Steel and textile mills receive additional con
tracts freely, and there Is no evidence that d%
11-. cries are more prompt. Iron furnaces are
recovering from flood delays, and It is probable
that April will start with production of pig at
tho maximum. Structural steel shapes have
again assumed a leading posit 1 extensive
building operations this spring calling for a
great tonnage, but th© pressure for tub* and
wire products does not diminish, and railway
supplies cannot be forwarded fast enough, de
spite reports of retrenchment.
We are almost Inclined to lay claim to the
gold medal offered by "The Scientific American"
for the best device for safeguarding Hfs and
limb. Competitors might say that It was not a
private invention, but that objection Is irrele
vant. The one really unfortunate feature about
it is that an accurate model or mechanical
drawing cannot be submitted. Indeed. It Is of
such a character that it has to be altered In
certain important details every time It Is used
In safeguarding life and limb. These altera
tions, however, may be made with surprising
rapidity by anybody Dunlßar wtol Bsl device.
which ts commonly known by tbe name of
The Simplified Spelling Board threatens a
campaign of greater activity than- ever before,
beginning this month. The world was on the
point of forgettinr i the existence of a paeD
The simple life needs simple food. Bresd-and
butter aays are returning", and there will be fewer
calls for the doctor.— American Medicine.
It will always be possible for doctors to ex
plain that man requires a greatly varied diet,
and is ill nourished upon the monotonous regime
of the simple life.
A correspondent, commenting upon a recent
observation made in these columns relative to
the efforts of a sick horse to drag a wagon out
of a hole in the so-called "pavement" on lower
Broad! way, expresses Indignant surprise at the
brutal indifference of the crowd of gaping men
who watched the beast's long struggles without
aiding him. "We are requested to censure the
driver, the crowd and the policeman; and we
would gladly do so If they had all been equally
to blame. But they were not. As a matter of
fact, the little Incident really illustrated only
one thins*, the lack of sympathy and co-operation
between the public and the police. The poltce
man took elaborate notes, apparently about the
owner of the horse and the animal's condition.
And he further called upon some passing truck
men to help pull the- wagon out of the ravine
Into which It had slipped. But. Instead of ask
ing the bystanders to lay hands upon the wheels
and settle the matter In an instant, the ofllcer
repeatedly drove them off with growls. It may
be doing htm an injustice, but he certainly ap
peared to scorn the advice and willing help of
the passersby. This affected superiority of po
licemen Is far too common, and probably hinders
many a little deed of kindness and Justice. If
our policemen were less wealthy they might be
more willing to accept suggestions when their
own Ideas do not work v. >11.
Governor Edward Caspar Stokes of Jf«w Jersey
was at one time a teacher in a village school. Ha
haii prove i himself one of the moat energetic ex
ecutives the state his had. A constitutional pro
vision prevents the Governor, who Is now in the
last year of hts t*>rm, from ■ueceedlng himself, and
some of hN friends have urged him to become a
candid ato for the Republican nomination for Vice-
President next year.
Fanny J. Crosby, ths blind hymn •writer, cele
brated her eighty-seventh birthday a week ago In
Bridgeport, Conn. Miss Crosby received many
presents and congratulatory messages from all
carts of the country. She says that the way to
Keep young Is to bo cheerful, keep working and
love mankind.
Ex-Governor Sidney Perham of Maine, who has
spent his -winters In Washington for some years.
celebrated his eighty-eighth birthday last Wednes
day. He Is as active intellectually and as hale
physically as when twenty or thirty years younger.
The Emperor of Austria, who makes a hobby of
gathering menu cards, has a wonderful collection.
Ills finest specimen Is one used at the dinner given
by the Cxar of Russia to President Faure. This
"card" Is a block of the rarest marble, beautifully
painted by a famous French artist, the names of
th» various dishes being Inlaid in white ivcry.
Lord 'Lister will celebrate his eightieth birthday
on April 4. and a committee has been formed to
arrange for its proper recognition. Dr. C. J. Mar
tin. F. R. 8., the. director of the Lister Institute.
ha« suggested that the best form In which, to con
vey to the famous surgeon the admiration and re
gard of his fellow workers and followers would be
the republlcation of all his scientific papers, pref
aced by a biography of Lister, containing an ac
count of the part he took In the development of
present knowledge of Infectious processes and of
Lin efforts to avoid wound Infection.
Professor George T. Ladd. formerly of Tale Uni
versity, who Is aiding In the development of the
system of education in Japan, has started for Cores
from Nagasaki, at the special Invitation of Mar
quis Ito. the Resident General of Japan at Seoul.
The visit of Professor J.ndd to Carea is expected
to 2>e beneficial in removing the misunderstandings
among the missionaries In that country.
Alfred A. Woodhu'.i. brigadier general. IT. S. A.
(retired), who has been the Princeton University
lecturer on personal hygiene, has tendered his res
ignation. General WoodhuU Is a graduate of
Princeton of the class of I*sß.
In an article on the resources of Nevada and the
Death Valley region, a Western paper says that
Mount Blanc, approximately 1.500 feet high and two
miles in diameter, la a mass of pure borax. It la
tho property of ono man. Frank M. Smith, of Oak
land, owns this mountain absolutely, and thereby
controls the visible supply of borax In th« world.
The market value of this deposit of borax where it
lies Is something more than $100 a ton. Experts
estimate that the mountain has at least three
billion tons of borax In It. At SIOO a ton the value
of this mountain can be computed In billions. This
mountain, standing at the north end of the Funeral
range within a stone's throw of Death Valley,
says the writer, "makes Smith easily the richest
man iii tho world, from a point, of resources. But
this borax deposit is merely a lining for the pot of
gold that rests In the Funeral range."
A Western .bookseller, anxious to fill an order for
a liberal patron, telegraphed to Chicago for a copy
of "Seekers After God, by Canon Farrar. and to
his surprlM received this reply: "No seekers aftor
c:..d in Chicago or New York. Try Philadelphia."—
Canadian Courier.
In the valley between the Pecos and the Rio
Grand*. beginning near Sand& Mountain. Is the
bed of an old river with all Its tributaries. its falls,
its shallows and Its bends. It Is three hundred
miles long and many feet wide, but It is only the
ghost of a river, for there Is no water there. It
passes by the ruins of Gran Qulvfra. Us bed la
strewn with broken lava, and it terminates In a
■alt marsh. Tho Indians have a legend that lons
ago the waters were deep and swift there, until
cne day a great tire swept down the valley, lapping
up the waters. leaving the bed empty, the banks
J^arren and the valley desolate forever more.
Tired — Weary. If you wn compelled to
work, an' wuz given yore pick uv Jobs, wot kind
would you take?
Weary Walker -At the present wrltln* I dunno
i.v emiy toftei thing than beln' a understudy for a
pug dorg.— Philadelphia Inquirer.
Glaus bathtubs are being made In Germany and
are said to have advantages over those of metal
and enamel, the principal one being that they are
much cheaper. They are made In a solid piece,
and one can be turned out complete in about n>«
minutes, according to a foreign letter.
"Father." said the small boy, "what Is • sci
"A scientist, my son. is a man who calls ordi
nary things by suoli long names that you can't
recognize them."— Washington Star.
Consul H. W. Harris, of Mannheim, reports that
considerable effort has been mads through local
organization and otherwise to Introduce cremation
In Various parts of Germany. Statistics published
from year to year show some growth of sentiment
In favor of this method of disposing of th* dead.
The number of crematories now In Germany Is
thirteen. The total number of crematories in 1333
was 2.061. as compared with 1.7«» In 1905.
"I suppose." said the city girl who was passing
a week In the country, "that you know all th« dif
ferent flowers."
"I reckon mebby 1 do." replied the eld farmer.
"What does a forget-me-not look like?" Queried
the girl.
"Oh." replied the horny-handed son of toll. 'It's
Jlst a' ordinary knot In a string th' ole woman ties
around my finger when I go t' teown an* ah* wants
me V git sunthln* fer her."— Chicago News.
There Is now pending In the French Chamber of
Deputies a bill abolishing courts martial In time
of peace and providing that French soldiers and
sailors accused of offences shall be tried by civil
tribunals like other citizen. 1 ?. The bill also stipu
lates abat In no case shall a soldier or sailor be
punished more than llvs years Ar breaches of dis
cipline. An officer who maltreats a subordinate
Is to suffer the same punishment as the soMttr
who offers violence to a superior. There Is to be
no death penalty In future far treason. asssttlßßj
or other military crimes.
Texas Pony— What arc you doing out here on the
dSlraaTe— They're using me to give a tenderfoot
his first lesson In lassoing.— Detroit Free ftsSi
University Poverty— Mr. Campbell's
Book— Mr. - Tree.
' London. Uarch. 13
THe universities seed to he financed m it a
to be effectively modernised. Th« Dv£ * c .
Devonshire has appealed for the round era «I
£1.500.000 to complete the educational — I'ITpMsSsML
of Cambridge. Oxford does not advertise I*7
poverty with the same stark naked candor bu
it needs additional capital and is aahtssT fbr
£250.000. Of this amount £100.000 Is require* |w
science, as much for modern Tangrtsgsa. history
and the Bodleian and £50,000 for new building
Individual colleges may be well endowed, tsjl
both universities are poor and lack resoassaa
for varying course* of study, multiplying ra .
fesscrships and increasing the equipment fa
research work and specialisation. Each Is i*.
proached for being old fashioned and behind th»
times, but inertia is not caused by constrvatsss}
and unprogressive spirit. Neither university f3f 3
I adequately endowed, and there Is bo money fa
I reserve for modern Improvements and exte*>
j sions. The American universities are con
stantly enriched by private benefactions; th
German universities are supported liberally by
the state; but Oxford and Cambridge are hsss
pered and crippled by poverty and forest to
stand still while th« world Is moving. Ea^
English university has resolved to make Mmm
its urgent needs and to appeal to Its own sssa
for generous support. The millionaires do ast
remember them in their wills; and why shoals
they, when an eighth of their surplus wealth h)
dropped Into the national treasury m death and
succession duties?
Mr. Rhodes did not forget Oxford when he
disposed of his fortune, but the conditions wa
der which the scholarships were founded hare
Increased the embarrassments of the university.
If the dons, whom he. described as "children ia
commercial matters." had been consulted, they
would have preferred an Increased endowment
of the university so that facilities might be en
larged for advanced specialized work, which to
the requirement of modern educational proc
esses. They would not have excluded English
men. "Welshmen. Scotsmen, nor even Irishmen,
from the benefits of the. bequest, nor have un
dertaken a missionary enterprise for converting
Germans. Americans and colonials into sympa
thetic Anglo-Saxons. They would have nnsH
•red it a wiser and safer plan to endow the
university heavily and to enable It to improve
and multiply courses of instruction, so that stu
dents would be attracted for post-graduate and
research work from every quarter of the world.
They were forced to carry out the Rhodes be
quest without being In sympathy with its alms
and methods, and they have displayed flexi
bility and a spirit of accommodation in adapt
ing themselves to a situation which they did
not like. The university has kept most honora
bly all Its engagements with the Rhodes trust,
and the dons have awakened to tho truth that
Oxford In consequence of the. bequest has been
brought out as ths educational centra of th->
Anglo-Saxon world. There has been a vast In
creaso of prestige and Influence. If Oxford wee
once the moss grown home of lost causes a
vale of rest for Hellenists and mediaeval ilisaai
era — It Is now a university set on a hill whsra
it can send out its light far and wide. The
Rhodes scholarships have modernised It by
opening it to a picked body of two hundred for
eign and colonial students. The Anglo-Saxon
mission created by* the tranquil sleeper among
the lonely, majestic Matoppos has increased tan
fold the university's obligations to hnprova Its
educational plant. An enlarged endowment Is
more urgently needed than ever before. The
poverty of the university has to fee flaunted in
the face of the world.
Mr. Campbell's book on "The- New Theology"
Is regarded by English literary critics as a
crude and hastily Improvised enlargement of
bis sermons. While It contains much that Is
accepted by advanced thinkers m many churches
and communions. It lacks precision of state
ment, knowledge of theology and philosophical
treatment. The conventional critics unite m
disparaging it; but In Justice to Sir. Camp
bell it must be added that ha has cot
designed the book to meet the require
ments of scholars and theologians, but to
convince plain laymen and perplexed working
men that there Is a great deal of dead wood
which must be cut away from the religion, of
the time, before It can be adapted to modern
progress. His sympathy with Mr. K<Mr Hardla
and the leading men of the labor party ax
poses him to attack as a socialist masquerading
In th© rags and tatters of theology. It is notice
able that while ha rejects th© Inspiration of the
I Bible, considers th© Old Testament an interest
ing bit of literature, and reads the New Testa
ment In a most critical spirit, he takes Hterally
whatsoever he finds In th© Gospels an I Acts
bearing upon communal collectivism and Chris
tian Socialism. His opponents condemn th© pol
itics of th© book as tarred with Mr. Hardla's
Socialist brush. That is a singular Indictment
to frame against a new treatise on theology!
This Is. however, a period when partisanship
taints public thought. It Is not easy for Eng
lish critics. lay or clerical, to look at anything
without putting on their political spectacles, and
they seldom take the trouble to wipe off the dust
from tha glass.
Mr. Tree Is at his best in the two poor plays
now running at His " Majesty's Theatre. His
chief resource Is grotesque byplay, and M Is
helpful In imparting realism and humor to two
highly artistic impersonations. "The Rwl
Lamp" la an old fashioned, theatrical study if
Russian Nihilism, ending so crudely with double
assassinations as to be comical rather than ef
fective; but tho quaint, artless Demetrius, sus
picious of everybody around him and uncon
sciously convicting himself of shallow knavery
.whan he fancies that he Is subtle and inscrut
able, is a stage figure never to bo forgotten. Mr.
Tree loses himself completely in his part, ana
every detail of th© by-play reveals charactar.
It Is so fine a performance, with so reraamablo
a make-up, that th© play ought to be recon
structed and modernized, so that he can »*
often seen as th* delightful old detective.
The other part is in Mr. Cosmo .Jordon i Len
nox's adaptation of a French fare©. M. Ferin
gue\s "Un Peu de Mustnue." It Is th© mer
curial stranger, who pays a midnight visit at tno
mean little art collector's Cat to thank him tor
saving his life by playing a sonata. Ha flatten
his host's vanity, admires the curio s and c-w
masters, becomes more and more excitable as "•
confesses having murdered a doctor In a rail
way carriage, and Is apparently an « ontl t
ble maniac when he shouts: "You. too, raus*
die!" and chases his victim around the room^ v
Three men in asylum uniform force tl \f lr J^»
in and there Is a violent struggle with the raj*
terious visitor; ana the terrified *•»*!?•!*£
persuaded to retreat to his bedroom. locking tig
door behind him. Instantly the frenzied man »
transformed Into an expert c « c6sra * nvh^-Sn v h^-S
directing his associates while they strip «•£"
of all the art treasures except a single t ' anv "^ h
poor copy of a Van I>yck. which is not wetifc
stealing. The timorous art collector !•••"
tho darkened room when all Is quiet ■»* «°%
soles himself with the reflection that thejn«r
lars Have left tha gem of the collection »•■■*
Mr. Treo needs to be Ingenious in his byplay «■
carry off tha series of rapid chances »om "•
smooth. Insinuating virtuoso to the ■•"»»»
maniac and th© cool, audacious burglar: •*■"*
has to be wonderfully effective to *eep nteeao
with Mr. TV?adon Gro3smith. who with Co»*
self-restraint and masterly '•• l * lin •■•£ w»
meanness, smug vanity. snasl f hsTWi /aw
odlousnees of th* art collector. It Is *•••••■•
aihlssVm ci acting as anybody wants to ass.
even if the farce Itself bo hardly more tha*.*
"shilling shocker.** with a joke at the expense m».
tho audience. Th« galleries on the open h— n^ Q
resented bains doped Into accepting prenjatn.ei/
the lunatic us a finality, but that wen &r.v-f
premeditated tribute to Mr. Trass tssldHW
ten. Tha gods had nodded, and the final sl!=i7s»
tf Urn cracksman pot them out. of tac.?er

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