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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 02, 1907, Image 6

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ACADEMY OF Mi-Sir— Bcn-Hur.
ALHAllimA— 3— B— VauSewiHe.
AflTOH— B:3o— The Ambitious Mr». Olaott.
U::i.AS^i i--s 16 The H"w of th« Ranrhn.
IKKKEX.ET LYCEUM— B:BO— The Reckoning. ,
EIJOT' — n-lS H.dtiu OabWrr. »
BIIOAPWAT — B:lo— The Parisian Model.
CASINO — 8:13 — The Wlill* Hen.
COLONIA U-4 —B— Vaudeville.
OKITERIoN -b-I.V Th» Tattooed Man.
WLVB 8:1 tsnrlng Chicken.
EHES MUSn&— The World In Wax.
EMI'IKE— 6:3O— Ths Silver Hoi.
CAKDKX — 8:15 — Much Ado About Nothing.
GAKl«r"K— *:3ft~C«u«ht In th.- Bain. t
UA<KETT— B:3O— Chorus Lady-
BAMVKK.-T;;INS VICTORIA- *' r ' Vauievlll*.
XTKICALD SQfAJtB-815— The lU>ad to }<* «- w
lUPPOl>ROJtE— 3— B— Neptune' b Daughter ana * juui*i
BUI>t?ON— B.ls— Brewsters Million*.
IKVINfI PLACn—#:2o— Salome nd Zum Elr.sl«Jler.
LS^wSSSS^E We Were Twenty^
LYCEUM — B:lS— The LJon and th* Mouse.
LYKIC — «:I.V- My WIT- la Not Stylish.
VAI.I-.. squAßn GAKI.EN &-«— circu».
MAltlWiX syrAßE— «:ls— The Three of l'»
MAJKSTIC— B:IS— The Social Whirl.
MANHATTAN— B:I6-The Mills of the <**■•. «...
MBKRELBSOBN HALL— 3-Plano Recital. 8.15—
Concert. „ ,
ICEW AMSTERDAM— «:I&— The Grand Mogul.
NITCV YOSK — B:ls— Th« !.*n<s of Nod.
I'RINCBSS — 6:3»— The Great Divide.
SAVOY — S:ls— The Man of the Hour
TELIIARMONIC HALL.— 3 — P:Sf> — Concert.
WALLACES— «:IR— A Marriage of Reason.
Index to Advertisements.
«~ r ,^.Col. Fa«e.Coi.
Airu*i«i«iti 8 6-6'Puml.hed Houi*« to
Auction bUe. FSnan- to Let, Country .... IO a
rial 12 « Help Wanted 15 »
banker* & 8r0k«T«..12 1 j Instruction »• '
Hoard ur.a 800m5... » 4 Lost • ** J"
Burfneaa Chance*... lß 1 1>« •;■— ;/:" 2 2
g^S^f:::::.. » Mariiaiw * Heaths. .7 t-f
SI^HoSTT!: U «'Orean Steamer. «7«
55ffi2SS£& J&Maie::::::::::g 4
r>^r!. o ! a !'. FV . r : 6 .SS£SrS2^::::::u •
riviflend 2Crt1ee«....12 6-«; Special Noti«* 7 »
•Oomeetle Situations Bteamboat. •;•■••• J2 7
Wanted .....IB 4-K Surrogate*. *ctlc*»... 16 1
T^es.maklng » BTo Whom It May
J>ry«rooa« . 8 4-7 ( Concern ••••■•• ** "
K:oy B Ui""Ag^ |To Let for Bu^nes.
den ........VT....M l! Putto^b .........10 »
Excursion* 14 « Tribune Subscription
kS:::::::::::l! 1 V-uW ■■■ J*•
Financial 18 »-« Trim - 13 IMI
T-lr.anrtal ileetlnire. .12 1 ' Unfurnished Apart-
Furnlih»fl Apart- menu to Let !V >S
m<.nt* to I^TTTIO 5 Winter ***** IX £«
Punitehed Room to ' Work Wanted ■ ■»"•
Let * •! __
3kVnhSinrk£laii2 enfant*
FOREIGN.— The cold storage plant at Mount
Ho;«\ on the Isthmus of Panama, »m destroyed
by fire: the loss is estimated at several hundred
thousand dollars. = The German crown
Prince and Crown Princes* had a narrow escape
from Injury In a runaway at Berlin. Ad
vices from Constantinople confirm the reports
of a severe saillisnilill at Bit Us. but the loss or
life Is not known. : Alarming rumors were
current In Tangier in regard to the Sultan s re
ception of the news of the occupation of Oudja.
■ A dispatch from Madrid said that th«
alarming reports regarding the health of Maria
Christina, the Queen Mother, were unfounded.
, ■ The Pope Intimated that he would later
grant the American appeal for another cardinal.
- prince yon Bulow was quoted as saying
that there were no conflicting Interests between
Germany end Italy. = The leading powers
continue to exchange views in regard to the
programme at The Hague; the question of lim
itation of armament, according to a dispatch
from Berlin, is likely to be included. ,
DOMESTIC— President declined the In
vitation to speak at Springfield. 111., on the
railroads, saying he had not changed his atti
tude and that hi« policy was clearly expressed
In previous utterances, to which he referred In
his letter of declination. ===== Congressman
Pollard, of .Nebraska, received a letter from
President Roosevelt congratulating the Western
Congressmen on their support of the Ship Sub
slay bill. — Governor Hughes in a speech
before the Utica Chamber of Commerce de
fended the Public Utilities bill. = The find
ings of, the court martial appointed to try
charges against Captain Louis Wendel were
sent to the executive chamber in Albany by
Atjutant General Henry. — John Weaver's
term as Mayor of Philadelphia ended, the local
machine coming into control of the city again.
== Senator Cassldy Introduced a bill at Al
bany the effect of which would be to stop work
on the 'bajxe. canal improvement == The
annual ' meeting of the of the
JCipiEFing Mines Company 'was held at Augusta,
Me.; the re-election of the old board of director*
and the -enlargement of the directorate from
nine to eleven members tok place. ===== William
Dunlap, of New Ycrk. the wealthy hat man
ufacturer, and Mlas Lavender Jane Bycrs. a
former manicure operator, were married In Mil
waukee. — — : Six men were killed in a freight
wreck near Port Worth. ===== Bishop John C.
-Granberry. of the Methodist Episcopal Church
South, died suddenly at his home in Ashland. Va.
. CITY. Stock were strong. -— — There were
surprising revelations in the poolroom investi
gation. ==r Pt. Gregory's Hospital made
charges of Interference with the ambulance sur
geons by th* police. rr l- Mis. • Evelyn Thaw
was subpoenaed to testify before the commission
In lunacy, r- ■ The National City Bank in a
statement . reviewing recent operations In the
money market commends the new Treasury
policy of depositing customs receipts. 7 , " City
Chamberlain Patrick Keenan was reported as
being critically ill. :■ i E. H. Harriman bought
a plot in Fifth avenue and. it was said, intnnas
to build a home for himself. = The two
telegraph companies controlling th«» business de
cided to raise the rates for messages. -;
James Peabody. who went to Porto Rico at the
request of Governor Winthrop to Investigate the
railroads there, described them as "wretchedly
bad" In an Interview yesterday. == The city's
Commissioners of Accounts reported to the Mayor
that because of the failures of the borough
presidents to certify to the Board of Assessors
the work done the city had failed to collect
fl ! », 154,40." 24 on assessments on highways and
eewers. : ■ ■-= Two grand Juries were- sworn in
.yesterday, a special Jury and a regular one. the
special jury later to Investigate the Metropolitan
Life Insurance Company.
THE "WSATHER.— for to-day:
Fair. The temperature yesterday: Highest, S3
degree*; lowest. 90.
The revelations of disgusting and dangerous
conditions In the Croton watershed which Tbe
Tribune has exclusively been making during
the last fortnight have aroused public sentiment
and official activity as they have not been
aroused for years, and the demand now seems
to be Irresistible that something shall be done
radically to reform the situation. it is intoler
able that this city, after millions of dollars
nave been spent for securing a pure water sup
ply, should be compered to drink water contam
inated by the drainage of typhoid stricken
camps and the overflow of outhouse vaults and
cesspools. That It has for some time suffered
such compulsion it Is no exaggeration to say.
The Tribune has exposed, beyond dispute or
challenge, the fact that a number of typhoid
cases occurred directly on the banks of one of
ike chief tributaries of the Croton, and that
they were wantonly concealed from those au
thorities who ought first of all to have been
folly Informed of thorn. It has also shown that
the eewage of the squalid foreign quarter of one
of the largest villages In that region Is still
flowing directly into a tributary of the Croton,
as It nas been doing for years and as The Trib
une has many times before this reminded the
authorities of this city It Is doing. .
The demand is, then, that something bo done
to abate these nuisances, but the 'question Is
what that thing shall be. Opinion Is divided.
Some say there should bo more adequate Inspec
tion, and policing of the Cretan region. «We
think there should be. and that In that way some
•buses could be stopped — aa the ass of Cross
Elver for a laundry tub and bathtub was
•topped at Tbe Tribune's urging. Bat Inspection
without plenary power would be of little avail,
and no Inspection, however powerful, would be
•efficient, < for the reason that property rights
are Involved with which Inspectors and police
«oQld not Interfere. . Those communities op
there must have drainage. . Their natural drain
age, which was satisfactory to all concerned un
til New York Invaded the region for Its water
supply, was into the Croton, the Muscoot. Cross
River, Klsoo Brook and other streams, Just as
■gaj York's Is Into the North and East rivers.
; It would La 'possible fit provide other means of
drainage, and they should be provided. We
think it would pay those places to provide them
themselves, and that they should have done so
even if New York bad never wanted the water
of those streams to be kept pure for its drink
ing purposes. Nevertheless those places have
as much right to their natural drainage as other
places hare, and it is not unreasonable for them
to say that If that drainage Is to be diverted
from the streams and otherwise disposed of for
New York's benefit New York should pay the
cost. There are those who advocate, then, a
sewer system in that whole region at this city's
expense! The cost would be small and the ben
efit would be preat.
Finally, then* are those who nil for filtration
of all the water at Jerome Park as the only
means of Insuring purity. We shall perhaps
have to come to that in the end. and it may De
that it would be the point of wisdom to proceed
with it very soon, or even at once. But, seeing
that the cost of Inspection and sewerage of the
Croton region would be only one-tenth as much
as the estimates for the nitration plant, it would
seem to be the part of wisdom to adopt them
first, as it would also seem to be more logical
to try to preserve the water iv its pristine pur
ity at its source than to permit it to suffer all
manner of defilement and then trust to the effi
cacy of filtration to make it pure again. Bet
ter keep it pure than let It get dirty and then
purify it. Moreover, when filtration is resorted
to there should be no mistake as to the method.
It would be deplorable to have the city spend
many millions on a system which was obsoles
cent, even if fairly effective, when some more
modern scientific method would afford at least
eaual efficiency at vastly less cost The impor
tance of pure water is, however, so great that
we believe any necessary labor and expense for
securing It will be justified, even if all three of
the plans suggested should be adopted concur
rently. What is certain is that the water Is
pure when It flows from the springs. The first
thing naturally is to guard it from wanton or
needless contamination. The second Is to pro
vide such artificial drainage facilities as will
keep out of it the legitimate 6ewage of the com
munities in that region. The third is to provide
means for giving the water when it reaches the
city reservoirs such purification as, in spite of
those precautions, it may still need.
Though It is evident that Governor Hughes
had iv mind in bis speech before the Utica
Chamber of Commerce the legislative difficul
ties in tho way of his reform programme he
made no such sensational "appeal to the peo
ple" as some of his foolish '"frieuda" have been
hoping for and predicting, but a calm, well rea
soned presrfiitatiou of the Public Utilities bill,
kucli as will oouiinond it to the public judg
ment and bring public sentiment to its support.
Tbe Governor believes In reaching the intelli
gence of the people rather tnan their passions or
their prejudices, and, should It prove necessary
ti> make a more extended appeal for support of
his measure, bi6 course, if wo may judge from
his I'tica speech, will be to explain it so thor
oughly that the people will be virtually a unit
for its ena'-tmeut.
It ougbi not to be necessary for tho Governor
to enter spoo a public campaign iv defence or
in explanation <>f the Utilities bill or any other
part of his reform programme. He was pledged
in bis campaign to tbe regulation of public ser
vice corporations, and tbe people spoke then in
unmistakable terms iv favor of his ideas. He
was chosen because be stood aguinst the despot
ism of puny machinery and because what be bad
done for the regulation of gas and insurance
companies commended him to the people as a
man. with sane, reasonable, just conceptions x>t
the scope of regulation. What he bns done
since bis inauguration has. we are confident,
strengthened Uis bold upon tbe people. He has
kept bis faith witb them lv a way few men do
when they are In office, for ha his campaign he
Indulged in none of a candidate's usual raxii
promises, uot meant to be kept or impossible to
keep. Public knowledge of him has increaaed
pvbllc 'confidence iv Mm, and wo doubt if any
of tbe opponents <>f the bill would really care to
try oooctastOM re*pe<-ting It with Mr. Hughes
before tlie people.
Republican opponents of Governor Hughes in
the Legislature are making a mistake as indi
viduals, and, so far as they represent the Re
publican party as an organization, they are
involving the party in a mistake. If the parti-
Is going to meet present day conditions, if It in
going to offer itself to the electorate as an effi
cient instrument to accomplish measures that
the public desires, it must provide In the state,
as it has provided in the nation, adequate means
for the regulation of the public service corpora
tions in the public interest. Campaign promises
must be performed in office, or the voters will
find some, other Instrument to Intrust with that
work of reform which Is a wellni>:h unanimous
demand. Individual Republicans In the Legis
lature cannot long afford to oppose the ideas
which Mr. Hughes represents, for, whatever
their personal strength in their districts, they
cannot remain out of harmony with tho general
sentiment of the time. We believe that tho
carrying out of Mr. Bognes's programme of re
form is a great party opportunity. Who doubts
that with tho measures nejstands for passed the
Republican party would go before the voters of
this Ktatt with tho utmost confidence? *
The issue is a grave one. but we have reason
to hope thai the Republicans in the Senate will
perceive clearly the party's duty and Its oppor
tunity and will get accordingly, for, as Governor
Hughes says, "There can be no greater mistake
"than to suppose that the will of the people can
"be permanently disregarded, and It Ik the duty
"of patriotism to provide for the Just expression
"of that will and to remove the causes of unrest
"which lie in abuses of public privilege."
The death of Galunha A. Grow terminates a
career In politics of uuusual length and excep
tional Interest. His appearance on the national
stage antedated that of any man now in public
life. He was probably when be died the last
surviving member of the first three or even the
ilns£ four Congresses to which he was elected.
He was only twenty years old when he was
chosen to succeed David Wllniot as the-Repre
sentative from the Susquebanna, Tioga and
Bradford district in Northern Pennsylvania. He
was the youngest member of the Congress of
ISSI-'53. Yet before he had reached thirty-five
be bad become a figure of national importance,
first as a follower of Wllmot and a Democratic
opponent of the extension of the slave system,
and then as a leader in the newly formed Re
publican party. At thirty-seven, when he was
elected Speaker of the House of Representatives
in the first war Congress, his career seemed to
culminate. Thereafter, though his political ac
tivities continued with interruptions due to ill
health for over forty years, be continued to com
mand respect and exercise Influence chiefly as a
factor in the struggle against slavery and a fig
ure of the stirring and heroic past
Mr. Grow's services In that struggle were
great. He represented at the outset a Democrat
ic constituency and a Democratic state. Penn
sylvania abandoned federalism and gladly ac
cepted Jefferson's teachings because she found
them In consonance with her own democratic
Instincts. But her people were rootedly hostile
to the slave system, and Democrats like Wllmot
and Grow faithfully reflected local feeling In
striving to check the expansion of the slave
power. They paved the way for the creation In
the most Important Democratic state in the
North of a party devoted to the cause of free
soil and free labor. It was Mr. Grow's convic
tion that that cause could be helped materially
by the rapid settlement of the Western States,
and from iLc day.of .hla entry Into Congress ho
urged the -passage of a Homestead act which
would allot the public land In small., parcels and
at nominal cost to actual homMwaken and
builders. He labored incessantly for tan years 4
to secure that beneficent legislation and had the>
satisfaction of signing as Speaker of the House
the act under which so many millions of acres
of the public domain were afterward disposed
of to such excellent purpose.
A reapportionment in Pennsylvania hi 1883
cost Mr. Grow his seat in Congress, and be did
not return to Washington until 1895. His
health forced him to live for several years in
California and Texas, but he never took himself
completely out of the field of home politics. In
1878 he was a candidate for the Republican
nomination for Governor in Pennsylvania, but
was defeated by the Cameron-Quay machine,
and in 1881 he was a candidate before the Legis
lature for United States Senator. The machine
supported Heury W. Oliver and a deadlock re
sulted. Mr. Grow's supporters finally succeeded
In electing John I. Mitchell ns an anti-machine
Senator. In lKl)r> he was unanimously nomi
nated for Hoprvsentative-at-Large in Cougroaa
to till a vacancy, and was elected that year and
re-elected in 1890. 1898, 1900 and 1902. In all
he served twenty-one years lv tlie House of Rep
resentatives. His return after n long absence to
the bodj* over which be hud presided has had two
recent parallels. Nathaniel I*. Banks, an ante
bellum Speaker, was re-elected to the House in
ISBB, and .1. Warren Keifer, Speaker in 1881-'B2,
was re-e'eeted in 1904. Mr. Grow was a states
mau of force, dignity and independence of char
acter, a leader who honored his state and whom
tne people of his state always fully respected
and trusted.
President Roosevelt has wisely met the re
quest of the Illinois Manufacturers' Associa
tion for a speech on the railroad situation by
laying before that association his already well
known and carefully formulated opinions on the
problem of railroad regulation. lie has not
deemed it advisable to respond directly to the
entreaty that lie would "reassure" the coun
try, but he has invited all concerned to reas
sure themselves by recalling his former utter
ances. The suggestion made In certain quar
ters that the business world was anxiously
awaiting some new message from the President
was bated on the assumption that the Presi
dent's attitude or policies had bail a disturb
ing effect and needed to be restated in order
to allay apprehension. It Is clour, on the con
trary, to any one who analyzes the perturba
tions said to be afflicting the world of business
and finance that these tremors are in no wlso
due to President Roosevelt's programme of rail
road regulation. That programme is not new.
It has been developing for several years, and
the railroads and all those who do business
with the railroads have had ample time In
which to familiarize themselves with it and
adjust themselves to Its demands.
Congress spent the greater part of the ses
sion of 1905-'OG in discussing railroad rate regu
lation and finally passed a bill championed by
the President. The representatives of both par
ties in the House and Senate voted with prac
tical unanimity for the Hepburn bill. The voters
of the country have shown, wherever they have
had a chance, that they cordially approve the
President's proposals for a "square deal" in
railroad rates and management What the
President urged in 1903, 1004, 1906 and 1000
he stands for now, and anybody who feels any
uncertainty about Ills attitude has only to turn
to his repeated official deliverances.
We cannot Imagine that the recent flurry In
Wall Street was caused by a belated perusal
on the part of the investing public of Mr.
Roosevelt's messages and addresses. The Ideas
which they contain did not all of a sudden
upset the market. The President is therefore
In no way accountable for the recent "panic,"
nor is he under an obligation to exorcise the
evil spirits responsible for tho disturbance. It
is not his programme which is exciting unrest
and skepticism and clouding tho hopes of se
curity holders. We are disposed to think that
the discouragement In question has resulted
more from popular dissatisfaction over disclos
ures of the mysteries of railroad management
than from any discontent with measures which
aim at extending publicity In railroad* man
agement and protecting to the full the rights
both of the owners and the users of railroad
Mr. Taft's forthcoming visit to Cuba Is widely
regarded as of tbe highest Importance to that
lbiu.nl. Its whole future may depend upon tbe
conclusions which be reaches as the result of
ills observations. We are not Inclined to dis
pute the substantial correctness of that view.
A member of the President's Cabinet does not
make t»uch a visit merely to pass tbe time. Ha
mean* business, and we have no doubt that
Mr. Taft will do a good deal of Important
business before he again sets foot in tlie United
At tbe same time there are intimations, verg
ing here and Jhere on threats, that unless Mr.
Taft decides everything In a certain prescribed
way Culm will be overwhelmed with disaster
and ruin. That is to sh.v, hlg work is all cut
out 'or him in advance. He has nothing to
do but to Indorsa the findings already made.
His right, his ability and his authority to oh-
K.Tve, to consider and to deride for himself,
according to bis own perceptions and his own
Judgment, are denied. It Is demanded that lie
shall play the part of a puppi»t a to confirm the
prejud&nients of other and irresponsible per
We violate no confidence in saying that Mr.
Taft is not that kind of man. Further, we may
say that any visitor, whether Cabinet Minister
or newspaper correspondent, who should go
anywhere on such an errand in such a spirit
would be worse thau wasting bis time, no mat
ter of how little value that might be. Tbe man
who is commissioned to go somewhere, not to
liml out and report the truth, but simply to find
or invent partisan material for the bolstering
up of some preconceived' notions, would better
stay at home in bis easy chair. Mr. Taft will
go to Cuba, as ne went last year, with bis Judl
cial mind entirely open to tbe truth, and he
will employ ail available means— which will be
sui>erior to those within tbe reach of any one
else— for ascortainlng the exact truth and the
whole truth. Tbe decisions which he then
reaches will be worthy of the highest respect
and confidence. It would be unjust to him,
and It would be no good service to either Amer
ica or Cuba, to prejudge bis work.
Pittsburg cannot keep out of tbe newspapers.
The advice of tbe local Chamber of Commerce
that the city should retire fur a while fr.un the
public gaze and shun publicity, while seemingly
appreciated at Its full worth, has borne no fruit.
Though Pittsburg might desire to Imitate the
modest violet It is of no avail, for everything
conspires to keep the Western Pennsylvania
metropolis always In the public mind. If there
Is a spot on the sun no other place on tbe earth
Is visited by "electrical disturbances." The
tremendous forces of the solar system itself are
engaged in circumventing the shrinking modesty
of Pittsburg. How can she help It, since nature
is her press agent. If like a star actress on the
variety stage sbe fills the papers with stories
compelling universal attention?
If the very name of Pittsburg brings the
blush of shame to the young face of Innocence,
as her Chamber of Commerce told her s^Um^iy
a few months ago ; If men bide from their fam
ilies the fact that business calls them to Pitts
burg, and If visitors go to the reputed "hell with
tha lid off** only Incognito, there la nothing to
under a bushel. The latest news Illustrates this
disability. Her* we have the Chamber of Com
merce, those yery gentlemen who only a short
time ago solemnly earned Plttsbnrg about the
perils of publicity and the actual cost of It In
dollars and cents through loss of business, agi
tating the question whether or not there are
fifty righteous men In the city ! Eren the con
servative business men cannot restrain them
selves from giving Plttsburg publicity. They
are all press agents. But Is there not a proper
limit to such activities? Is it fair to enter
Pittsburg in the IK* with Sodom and Gomor
rah? Pittsburg has an incontestable advantage
over those two ancient cities, for it Is nowhere
on record that they had such a sage Chamber of
Commerce as Pittsburg has to advise them
regarding the perils of a reputation for naught
iness. If they had only known they might have
reformed or kept It dark !
Those who are Impatient to rush the Utilities
bill through the Legislature should recall that
it took two months from the beginning of the
session for the proponents of the bill to mature
and Introduoe It. Less than a month has passed
since its Introduction.
air. nryan's Presidential aspirations might
also be described as merely "ultimate"
The publicity given to the fact that a railroad
company is making "surprise tests" to ascertain
how carefully Its block signals are observed
has both advantages and disadvantages. News
of that kind tends to assure the public of the
safety of travel, but it may also inspire In an
engineer a degree of vigilance which is not truly
In any up-to-date collection of political mar
vels Oklahoma's 100,000 word constitution must
take rank with Pennsylvania's $18,000,000 Cap
An Austrian surgeon considers the hard palate
a better means of identifying a criminal than
the finger-tips. In other words, he believes that
there is a greater degree of individuality In the
corrugations of the roof of the mouth than In
tho linos which indent the skin. Perhaps he Is
right, but It would seem to be an easier matter
to obtain a record of the markings utilized in
the Bertlllon system than of those recommended
by the Austrian.
With Mr. Henry M. Whitney as Bryan's can
didate for Governor and Mr. Bryan as Whit
ney's candidate for President, where's your
Johnnie Moran now!
Six years. 540 yards of duchess silk lace. 400 yards
of silk thread, and an Infinite amount of patience
were consumed by Miss Amelia M. Redel. of Mar
shalltown. lowa, In making a black In™ dress »he Is
showing to friends in Chicago. Miss Redel con
reived the Idea of a handmade lace dress six year*
ago. and Immediately set to work to carry out that
Idea. Last week she finished her task. The waist
and skirt each are. in one piece. The design was
worked out over a foundation of cambric.
•Automobiles are not nearly so safe as the good
old fashioned family nag."
"Mine Is far safer."
•lure! ? our good old family nag. whenever my
«if« went driving used to atop at all th* saloons
r'waTm tn? ila&t of Yisitins;: out my auto roes
by them as if It had never seen them. —Houston
India is developing a promising tobacco growing
Industry, which th* government Is fostering In
every way possible, even to the extent of establish
ing a government farm to be devoted exclusively
to tobacco research. In the Oanirpur district of
Bengal, one of the most important producing areas
In India. The development of any Industry under
government assistance Is much more rapid than
under commercial stimulus. Extensive plant breed-
Ing and seed selection work can only b«» done on
a large scale, and If parried on by th* government
the results are shared by th« small farmer as well
as the targe syndicate, while if the work Is car
ried on under th* direction and at the expense of
any commercial body the results are often kept
as secret as possible, and it Is only by Judicious
seed selection that the small fanner can maintain
profitable competition.
Mrs. Wlckler— Dear m«! how all the necessaries
of lire have gone. uo.
Wlckler— No; they haven't all gone up.
Mrs. Wlckler— Well. I should like you to mention
on* thing that hasn't gone up. _
Wlckler— Certainly. My salary.— lllustrated Bits.
London Is suffering from an epidemic of •'nerves."
due to a plague of wornout motor omnibuses, noisy
steam lorries, and traction street trains, which are
making life wellnlgh intolerable In many parts of
the metropolis, according to "The Express." On
four days every week from two hundred to three
hundred people are treated In the out patent de
partment of th* Hospital for Paralysis and Epi
leptics, Bloomsbury. and their ailments are mainly
the result of the notne and bustle of London streets.
"Most of the patients are clerks, governesses, shop
workers, and even solicitors ahd doctors, who have
found the strain too much for their delicate
nerves." says "The Express " "The ordinary rattle
and din of motor omnibuses have increased ten
fold since they began to deteriorate owing to
usage, hut the worst offenders are undoubtedly
clumsy steam lorries, with their iron shod wheels.
Sometimes these clattering vehicles haul three or
four groaning wagons behind them, and the noise
they mnk«- is not only deafening, but unnerving
to a d*xree."
Rambling Wangles— I was robbed last night, and
I reckon that about llfty-three articles were stolen
from me. Everything I had In the world.
Pollreman- Fifty-three articles?
Itambllng Waßjcles— Yes; a pack of cards and a
curksi r*-w. Tit-Bits.
The extent to which the narcotic habit prevails
in the French navy was Illustrated a few days ago
by the proceedings of a court martial at Brest.
The defendants were half a dozen seamen of ordi
nary rating, who were charged with a considerable
number of robberies. All th« men were victims of
the opium or th* «ther habit, or both combined,
and were in the habit of bemuddltng themselves
dally with these driiKs. and the robberies had been
committed to gratify their passion. Severe sen
tences were passed.
There's a cry of distress at the ticker;
The bears. and the bulls are blue;
There's rather promiscuous sorrow.
In fact, through tho whole blamed Zoo.
But stay! There's a note of gladness
•Mid the cry of the Street forlorn;
The swish of an unsought sucker.
The bleat of a lamb unshorn.
When prices began to tumble.
And round new holes each day,
I longed to get in at the bottom.
But hadn't a cent to pay.
They whispered of wealth In copper.
And hinted at B. & O.
And I sighed as I fingered my pocket.
Where nestled a dime or so.
Then the crash! For once I was lucky.
What a comfort In the thought!
Yes. It's true that I wan a sucker,
But 1 couldn't afford to be caught.
From Tha New York Times.
Our neighbor The Tribune has rendered the com
munlty a service In exposing the dangerous con
dition of the Croton watershed at Mount Klmcu
Bedford and Katonah, where sewage flows into
the city's water supply and a round dozen cases o*
typhoid, six In the camp of Italian laborers on the
Cross River dam. five at Katonah and one In Bed
ford, were spreading Infection of which the cltv
and state authorities were slow to become cos>
From The Youth's Companion. '
Recent phenomena, like the lM.thrust of a new
Island In Bering Sea and the tremendous earth
quake shock, evidently originating in the ocean
bottom, felt at Apia in December last, give fresh
Interest to the results of the exploration of tho
Pacific's floor made by the United States steamer
Nero In surveying a transpacific cable route, k -.t
of the Island of Guam a submarine mountain nan
was- discovered, some of whose peaks rise within
686 fathoms of the ocean's surface, whereas the
valleys between them descend to a depth of 5 ot>>
fathoms. Here was made the deepest soundtnar
on record. 5.263 fathoms, only sixty-six feet less
than i? lx mile*.- This abyss I- now called Urn "Naro
deep." ■■••■•-. _
About People and Social Incident*.
[FromTh« Tribune Bur«au-7
Washington. April I.— The President to-day hold
a conference with ex-Rapressntattve H. St. Oeorgjo
Tucker, president of the Jamestown , Exposition
Company, about the visit he expects to make to
the exposition on April £5. After the Interview
Mr. Tucker announced that the President w«H
leave Washington at 5 p. m. on April 23 aboard
the Mayflower, will reach Jamestown at 11 a. m.
the next day. will remain on the grounds until
about 5 p. m.. will dine at Mr. Tucker's house at
8 p. m. and at 10 p. m. will board the Mayflower
for the return trip to Washington. The President
will be accompanied by Mrs. Roosevelt. Ml-w
Ethel. Archie and Quentln.
The grounds about the White House were
thrown open to-day " between » a. m. and 1 p. m.
for the egg rolling sports of th* children. Easter
Monday, or "Egg Rolling Monday." as It Is called,
has been an annual feast day for the children cf
the capital for many years. After the games were
over the Engineers' Band gave a concert on the
ellipse south of the White House.
The President's callers included Senators Bur
rows and Warner. ex-Senator Palmer, of Michi
gan; ex-Senator Blackburn, who was lately ap
pointed a member of the Isthmian Canal Commis
sion, and Interstate ' Commerce Commissioner
Franklin Lane.
[Prom The Tribune Sanaa. ]
Washington. April 1.-Mlss Edith Root has gone
to New York, where she will act as a brtdesma'd
at the wedding of Miss Janet Alexander McCook
and Malcolm Douglas Whitman to-morrow after
Secretary Metcalf has returned to Washington
from his trip of Inspection t2> Ouantanamo aud
San Juan. The Dolphin, which was used for th«
trio, stopped at Havana. Kingston and Nassau.
and the cruise ended at Charleston, S. C. Sena
tors Hale. Penrose and Carter and C. C. Glover
accompanied the Secretary.
Mrs. Bonaparte win arrive In Washington to
morrow, to remain two weeks. She has recovered
from her recent Illness and will entertain and bo
(Prom Th* Trlhun* Bureau. 1
Washington. April L-The Italian Ambassador
went to Norfolk tbe last of the weak to make ar
rangements for the recaption of the Italian squad
ron In Hampton Roads, and Is now In Now Tork
for a short visit.
The Austro-Hungartan Ambassador wIU leave
Washington to-morrow for Blltmore. where^tor a
week he will be the guest of Mr. and Mrs. George
W. Vanderotit.
The Counsellor of the Japanese Embassy an*
Mme. Mlyaoka gave a luncheon on Saturday In
honor of the Misses Tsuda. of Toklo, Japan, who
are making a three months' stay In this country
on their way around tbe world.
(From The Tribune Bureau. 1
Washington. April I.— An audienc* equalling in,
brilliancy that of the grand opera last wesfc^ at
tended the opening performance to-night of "We
Are in Society." with Its cast of well known young
people, under the management of Miss Katherlne
Rldgety, daughter of the Controller of the Cur
ren. y. The musical farce Is the work of Phelpa
Brown, and was given for the benefit of the Junior
The opening scene was a typical debutante tea.
with almost all of this year's buds on the stag*
and for the most wearing gowns worn at their
formal presentation. The big fete which was
given for the combined charities of the city at
Friendship, the country place of Mr. and Mrs.
John B- McLean last season, assumed the shape of
a lively garden party In the play to-night, and
was both pretty and realistic, while th» specialties
which formed a large part of the programme were
tremendously applauded. On* of the attractive
numbers was given by Miss Olga Converse, daugh
ter f>f Rear Admiral and Mrs. Converse, who Is a
Krareful dancer, and made a hit with her song.
■■< >n t'onn»»<-ticut Av*nue."
Occupying boxes wtth parties were the Mexican
Ambassador and Senora de Creel. Mr. and Mrs.
John R- McLean, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Nolson
Page. Mrs. Theodore P. Shonts. Mr. an* Mrs. Ar
thur L««. Mr. and Mrs. Caarles M. Ftoulke. Mr.
and Mrs. John F. WUktns. the Minister from Nor
way., and Mm*. Hauge. Representative and Mrs.
Huff, Miss Huff. Assistant Secretary and Mrs.
Bacon. Jerome Bonaparte, and Mr. and Mrs. Moran.
LI *u tenant and Mra John Tlmmons chaperoned
the box party given by the Misses Shonts, tn which
the Due d* Chaulnes, Frank Mayor, of New Tcrk.
and others were guests.
Tha performance will be repeated on Tuesday and
Wednesday evening, and them will fee a "Wednesday
Senator Kean and Miss Kean were hosts for a
dinner party to-night.
Representative and Mrs. James W. Wadsworth
gay* an Easter ball to-night for their daughter.
Mies Harriet Wadsworth. On* hundred and fifty
guests war* entertained. All of the ballroooma and
receptton rooms wer* decorated with palms and
sprlnir flowers. Dancing began at 10 o'clock, and
was followed by supper at li The ootlllon. led by
Captain rtllmore. was danced at 1 ©"clock. Th«
Estate of Sister of Former Dock Commis
sioner Divided Among Relatives.
The appraisal of the estate of Ml»» Ethel I*.
Cram, slater to former Dock Commissioner J.
Sergeant Cram, who died on September H. WsS.
as filed In the Surrogate's office yesterday, shows
that she left a gross personal estate of $431.41«34.
She left in cash and securities &3.BK>Zt. from
which loans to the amount of $1,750. belonging: to
the estate of her father. Henry A. Cram, have to
be deducted, making the net personal estate left
by her $13,1*9 24. By her will Miss Cram appointed
her brother. J. Sergeant Cram, and her sister.
Lily Clarence Cram, her executors, and left her
niece. Charlotte A. W. Cram. $4,000; Maude Ser
geant. $5,000; and her cousin. Kathertne Sergeant
Smith $1,000. The remainder Is divided equally
among her niece. Charlotte A. W. Cram; her
brother. John Sergeant Cram, and her sisters. Hen
rietta Haven and Lily Clarence Cram, who will
receive $100,851 37 each. '
AdmirHl Dayton Assumes Command gj
Asiatic Fleet
Washington. April 1.-Rear Admiral Janes H.
Dayton, heretofore In command of the Philippine,
squadron, to-day assumed command of the Aatatlo
fleet as the relief of Rear Admiral Wlllard H.
Brownson. who has been ordered to this etty to
relieve Rear Admiral Converse (retired), as chief
of the bureau of navigation. Admiral Brownaon
probabi) will assume Ms new duties about ll»y ■
Spesla. Italy. April 1.-The Duke of the Abrutsl
left here to-day on board the cruiser Varese for
Newport News. Th* Varese will be one of th* war
ship* representing Italy at the opening; of tbe
Jamestown Exposition.
•Vienna. April The second secretary of the
American Embassy here. Francis O. London, of
New York, has resigned for personal Masons and
win return to America to May.
The military attache. Major McCttntoch. is to
leave Vienna after some received In farewell audi
ence by Emperor Francis Joseph. It Is believed
that the American military attach* at Berlin. Colo
nel Wlsser. will also be accredited to Vienna.
Francis O. Lnndon was promoted to second secre
tary of th« legation at Vienna on March 17, 1906,,
from [!■,, post Of third secretary at Berlin. Ha
represented his district In the StiUa Legislature -In
ISOI. lftC and 1903. He was far many years >n«
of the most progressive and popular officers of
tho National Guard of tee state, rising- throng*
tho various grades -from private to captain ot
Company I of tho 7th Regiment. Hia wife w*a
lUm May To<" of this city.
favors were parasols. I sheepsMn pursas. *•**
Easter lily wands and e!?arette holders. • **
The - •.*•••.■■ Is announced here c£ Miss He»» '
stony, daughter of the late Captain H. J. ?T' 1
U. S. A., and ■■-TilTTißsrt Joss* Stevens Ha.- T "
of the artillery. Mra, Item? has given B p v
Washington house and gone to Chicago, wte-» "Z
■ ■■•lag will take place.
Mrs. Charles B. Alexander gave a dktn*r
night at her house to West 6Sth street hi hon **
her niece. Miss Janet A. McCbok. and Main - n
Whitman, who will he married at 4 o'clock to-df
in the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church. >
guests Included the ushers and bridesmaid vJ
will be the attendants at the wedding and ■ t,"°
additional friends. After dinner there was s^Z
and an exhibition by the Japanese trick meo &m
the circus, In costume. Among those present *!?
Miss Susan A. McCook. Miss Martha McCeok I
Caroline McCook. sisters of the bride of S I
Miss Edith Root. Miss Jennie A. Crocker 3
Marian Fenno. of Boston; Miss Mary Earria-J'
Miss Hannah Stevenson. Miss Ruth Stbley Mr
Eleanor Alexander. Miss Harriet Alexaad*- »v*
Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Maltland Alexander. Mr v \
Mrs. F. Gordon Brown. Mr. and Mra Bebba. -•
Boston, brother-la-law and sister of Mr. Wlitt l
Mr. and Mrs. Frank I*. Crocker, Hamilton l>-r»al
John W. Farley. Hendrlcks HaU*tt Whttatan v .
thur Osßood Choate, Vance McConntck, Jam* *
Curtis. William A. Learned. John Dado, Arth-- *
Pier. George McClure Bargeant and George A&ia.
eon. Jr. The wedding will be followed by a men.
tlon at the home of the bride's parents, Colsaslgnl
Mrs. John J. McCook. In West Beth street & w
McCoolTs uncle, the Rev. Dr. Maltland Alexar.v
will ofllclat*. .
Mra. August Becksher gave a dance last -:*>••
at the St. Regis for her daughter. Miss Aatok«tb>
Hecksher. Th* entire second floor of the tar..-;- 3
suite, decorated with palms and cut Sowars, -»»»
used for th* dancing, which was Informal fsifl
the early part of tbe evening. Supper was «-r~-.i
In tha large restaurant. The cotillon, let fey *2.
Coster Wllmerdlng. dancing with Miss ReeksSss)
followed. ' The favors Included Cowers, hunting Pict
tires, penholders and paper cutters, paper par*.
sols, silver mounted pincushions and tambsanag*
Among those Invited were Miss Elsie Nice!'., v.m
Grace Ruggles. Miss Lucy Margaret Reesntn\
Miss Grace* Rerasen Henry. Miss Gladys and ills*
Dorothy Kissel. Miss Mildred G. Townsend. ii: M
Marjorte Rice. Miss Clara Wright Barclay, sl!m
Katharine Fairfax. Miss Katharine Tweed. gggj
Elizabeth Stevens. Miss Constance Warren, Mg*
Emily P. Coster. Miss Alice Kobbe. Monson Mens\
Schuyler SchleCelin. Herbert C. Pell. Jr.. Clawce*
C. Pell. Ctortlandt Nleoll. Sydney B. and Jair.e* L
Breese. Jr.. Bernon 8. Prentice. F. I* V. Bopolx .
Stowa Phelps. William F. and Sheldon Whttskoss*
and Lewis S. Morris.
Mr. and Mrs. O. Maurice Heckacher. who -win
married about two months ago and have beat
spending their honeymoon In Europe, will renuasj
•this country on April 15.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Gould have returned nan
Jekyl Island and are at th<str house to FUlk sjs>
The Coaching Club will hold Its annual pandsea
May 11. and. instead of taking place In the afts>
noon and following th* usual route through tbe
park, It will start in the morning and go up Elva:
side Drive, to the Claremont. where luncheon w«
be served. The Ladies' Four-m-Hand Driving C»g»
will probably have Its parade two weeks earls*,
Mrs. Frank Brinley Porter will give a luutptko
this afternoon, at her house in Park avenue, fir
Miss Rachel Kennedy, who is to marry Mrs. Pet
tor's son. Frank Brinley Porter, on April » JOB*
Kennedy Is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. Vo
Rensselaer Kennedy.
Mrs. William H. Parsons will Rive a dance tti3
evening at Delmonicos (or the Misses Parsons.
The last of the Tuesday evening dances wttl take
place to-night at Delmonlco'a
The Tale University Dramatic Association wS
present Ibsen's drama. "The Pretenders." tMs
evening at the Waldorf. Among tha patronassia
of the entertainment are Mrs. Charles T. Bam«y.
Mrs. Luther Kountie. Mra MMnt '5. Vandrrtiil
Mra Cornelius Vanderbilt and Mrs. Murray W.
Mr. and Mrs. John Blake Baker will sail «sr
Europe to-day. After spending a few weeks i
Pau and Blarriti. th*>y will go on to Parts. wUere
they will remain throughout the months of Jms
and July
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Payn* Wnitney have re
turned to town from Aik-*n. £ C
Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Oakley Rhlnelande* win gt»o
a dinner on Thursday evening.
Mr. and Mrs. % Louls L. Lorillard. who had ia
tend*d to sail from Europe next week, ha*e
changed their plans and will not sail until May t
Conditional Gift of $300,000 to Go Toward
$2,000,000 Pond.
New Haven. April 1.-Secretary Stokes of Tats
■University said to-day In a formal state—*
that the gift of |300.00» to the university from toe
Rockefeller fund, conditional upon the, raiatss •»
fi.Ma.oQ* additional, would be accepted.
Dispatches from New Haven last Saturday Inti
mated that the Yale Corporation would tejsst the
©n>r. because of the condition attache* to H. Bat
It was learned yesterday from a trustworthy ssaiM
that Yal*. had already started to rats* ft ft- 1 ' *
fund and that the gift of Sir. Bpctefaggr ttm
looked upon as a contribution to that itaA.
Alaxning: Reports Unfonnrlai Iksardls*
Maria Christina of Spain.
Madrid. April l<— The 'report* that Mafia CW*:
Una. the queen mother, was aartously IB SBi ••
the last sacraments wove about to bo admls''* 3"3 "* 1
are without foundation. Inquiry at On pal* • to
day elicited the statement that tho Illness gj ""
queen mother had been grossly exaggerated. SS«
was merely suffering* from a slight fstsrfsi
catarrh, from whtoh oho has almost saffr*^ •••
Staunton. Va.. April L— Tho Mm. 1L & Bjasß
won. president of the Randolph Maoon Co.ef.
was taken seriously 111 to-*ay. and k» a* a hc»vP»i
In an alarming; condition.
Probable Resistance to Slda Pressure **
From The Electrical Ajro. _
Owtnc to the fact that tho track la siMjMala :«ra-'
as well as vertically It to very taprobabl* th*: or
oumstancos should arts* by wbS tha «r.ux9 en
ergy- cZ latsral d!3T>Jace23ent vras coacsntrs-M «»
one spike. _ *„*.
Track spikes, uses with Is>poua4 rails, ars *>*■
eighths of an tneh square, their area, in Slag •■JJ
0.4 square inch, and tho boarl— area« £ VL*ts.tj
against them is 0.3 square mch. Accord.a?
th« shearing; strength of steel la (M Jsnt- * »'
Its tonsil* strength, «EJSS7rJS^t^ ■WLor" i *«y
■or square inch. In Th* Iron *•£•*•« ;
ETmk some data, were given la reran! to tn« do
o? steel under pressure and tho eaor«> re**""
to shear hot and cold stoat .- -.^r.
According to those ospiisiiiits j»_^S"» „ „
from SO to 4*9 foot pounds to shear »>£ c £srVl
It Is probable that lees energy _ would Bejw
after the spike had been »jy_*yy*_ - '- it
the area ta shear becomes redneed. r^ora «a- s '
can be that taotor of safety » «^f.^
of track, snppoata* one -plica cnlv tc » » ct J£*ftwa.
.lderlng tho spring STM^nded load only. J« £° tf
,W to 9+ at CO, raflw anhonr. £°m 6 to • QOUT*
mUes an hoar. 14 to IS at 70 Mff*« an
stud 0.53 to 0.6* at SO miles an tour °« «f • Jg^Jwd ■■
in. lrre*rulartty oi the track 1^ *$ taS . f to s ™%M.w
sine In feeu On the .other *«£•";.£,„£ tl»
many or the most eminent taajreasleairt;-^* •.• .
country, not less ttan two sJ^^f?^ U £t£f » *' '
In* istre-aea. tSen vre bare a factor *£ »*»w
20 miles aa Hour of from *ito li

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