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JAY BE A DUCHESS.
yew York Girl to Wed a Descendant of King James 11. Ctfant £tr]ifcen FiUJemes. whose engagement to tie Stag •*•» •* James Millet, of New York, has bee". snTmnnrl by cable from Paris, Is a great pxstfsoa of '.!••• fourth Duke of Fitzjames, and therefor© eosirwliat distantly related to the pres ent hcau «f tiio family, vho is tiie seventh duke. jnassiuc'.'.. liowever. us the duke's marriage is ebUdJtss. that his only brother. Henry's, union irtlii Acele •• Con taut Biron. now sundered by divon . has afM remained without issue, and that there is safty Us* life of a young cousin. Jacques l^oui* de Fitzjames. between them and the father ef the steel of Miss Millet, she stands a con siderable chance of becoming, of;e of these days, puchess of 1 ltrjanies. Ear mmnwm will connect her, after a fashion, with W. K. Vanderbilt's daughter, the Duchess of Hwlborougrh. For the Duke of Fitzjaxnes and the Duke of Mar] borough, as well as the Duke of jUba. •» often mentioned as a suitor for thje hand ef Mies Mathilda Townshend. of Washington, are all three descended from a common ancestor. The first Duke of Marlborough, as every one knows, awed all his early promotion and his chances of distinguishing himself to the, fact that his beauti ful sister. Arabella Churchill, wife of Colonel God frey, reagaef over Urn heart of James. Duke of Tork. afterwards James 11. King James had a em» hf Arabella- -a half-brother, therefore, of the old Pretender. James, while still on the throne of Great Britain, bestowed upon this Bon. to whom he was devoted, the titles of Duke of Berwick. Earl of Tjnemouth and Bacon of Bosworth, by patent date 3 Mar 19. 1687. These patents are recorded In th« x state "Patent Rolls of England." But this Puke of Berwick, who was also created Duke of Fltzjames by Louis XIV of France, and Duke of liyrla and of Zerlca by the King of Spain, was at tainted as a Jacobite in 1695 by the English Parlia ment, his British honors becoming in consequence thereof forfeited to the crown. He left two sons. the elder succeeding to his Spanish dignities and retaining the British title of Duke of Berwick, though it was not recognized by England; while the younger son Inherited the French dukedom of FUxjarfles. Th* Spanish line of Berwick, of Lyria ana of Z^riea became, through the marriage of the fifth duke to the only daughter and sole heiress of the twelfth Duke of Alba, merged in the historic :>ukedom of Alba, a title which is now borne, in conjunction with that of Berwick, by the chief of the line descended from the eldest son of the first Poke rf Berwick. The present duke was edu cated, like his brother, the Count de Montijo. in England, at Beaumont College, near Eton, under th« supervision of his grand-aunt. Empress E3u g#ni», end speaks English without any trace of foreign accent. The late Duke of Alba died in jSjaj York at the Waldorf- at the time of the American Cup races in 1900. While the Duke of Alba is enormously rich, the Puke of FKzJaxnes Is very badly off. though possl tly his affairs may improve somewhat on the death ef his mother. To the latter is ascribed the re sponsibility for all the ruin and havoc worked by the phylloxera In France, the losses in the Bor deaux district alone exceeding 51W.000.000. She im ported vines from the New World to plant on her estate '.ii XCugard. They brought the phylloxera with them and it spread all over France. Bhe Is a daughter of M. de Loewenhleihm. who was for so many years Swedish envoy in Paris. She has a grandson »•> marriage as old as herself— namely. Arthur Meyer, editor of the "Gaulols," of Paris, wl,.i m couple of years ago led to the altar Mile. it Turenne. a girl nearly fifty years his Junior and chili! of that Comtesse Leo de Turenne ho is dauehter of the late Duke of Fitcjaroes and sister et the present duke. The marriage created some thing very much akin to a scandal In the Faubourg 6t. 'main, owing to the antecedents of Arthur Meyer, who. although very rich to-day, began Mi career as the bookkeeper and factotum of the Infamous Blanche d'Antigny. the prototype of Zola's Kana. Arthur Meyer is at the head of the leading Royalist paper in France, which has not prevented, however, the Duke of Orleans from de nouncing him publicly and in print as "ignoble," *eclining to bold r.ny intercourse with him or to rtcornize him in any way. Thf. present Duke of Fitzjames's brother. Count Henry Fite.tames. will be recalled in America as hiring spent some time here in the train of Miss Sybil Sanderson, to whom he was engaged, and who subsequently Jilted him on the eve of marriage. Court Jacques de Fitzjame*, the father of Miss Miller* fiance 1 , is probably the richest member of the family, and owns a large mansion in the Rue rAguessaav. near the Palace of the Elysfie. at Paris, a villa st Arcachon and a chateau In the department of the Seine et Marne. He Is one of the veteran members of. the Jockey Club and is MM to have manifested at first some considerable objection? te his eon's engagement to Miss Millet •wing to her lack of fortune. SATAN'S' SON COMES OF AGE. The young master of SaJtoun, who has Just come •f •«•. and who is the son and heir of "Satan." lerd Eaitoun. is. through his mother, a descendant •f Utdaad's famous orator and statesman. Henry Crattan. He figured in a tragedy mine eight «r Mm years ago which has left its Impress on his rtaracter. and Is accountable for the somewhat •rlous strain by which It .is distinguished. He •■a* out swimming with his chum. St. John Dick Cunyngham. in the sea near his home at Pilorth. In Abord.-enshine. The lads were unacquainted with the treacherous nature of the sands at the •••nt at r;.< they entered the water, end were tudder.lv drawn by a strong undercurrent Into one of the rns:iy i»ots or pools which constitute the thief danger of the place. The young master of Saltoun was the first to become exhausted, and therejpon Ma friend devoted himself to his rescue, aana«in« to pet him into shallow water. The mart*! dragged himself on shore. Turning to thank his rescuer, he was horrified to find that he had disapjirared. Some fishermen who had been working pearby on the beat h, and who had been .attracted to the. .scene; rushed, into the water and endeavored in vain to get the missing boy. But it •as not until some time afterward that it was pos eibie to recover the body of the lad, who, having Civen uj> his strength to save his friend, had been sacked back to death by the cruel sea. The boy *as the son of Colonel Dick i 'unyncliam, of the <•»'•») . i Highlander*, a, Victoria Cross hero, who was subsequently killed in the South African war. Mr*. Dtcfe <'unyngham. beMft of her boy and her husband, i, now on* of the ladi»s in waiting of. IVincoss Christian. Th» Blaster at Saltoun has been educated at Eton •M at New OMMsja* Oxford. The odd nickname of "Eatjtn" riven Ms father, the present Lord 6al •obb. dates from his schoolboy days, and he so Hadil> a<»r*pt*4 i: that to this day he has a little *sf demon pasted Inside his . hats, where ether men bar* their initials. He attracted attention a few y«ais ago by Ms voluntary surrender of cer tain hereditary rights which were altogether an anarhronlfm in the present day. Three centuries •go his ancestor. Sir Alexander leaser, a shrewd •ad enterprising gentleman. ' lent King James I ltr C« sura* of money, and In return secured from the Crown the right for himself and for his de •eenftant* to rule forever the new borough which tad just been laid out on his estates in Aberdeen *fc!re. According to the government record, the Wrough. named after its creator Fraeerburg. was Proclaimed a so-called Burg of Regalty. with Sir •Alssnfler Fraser. who afterward succeeded to the csdest barony of Saltoun. as perpetual provost. *lth the right to appoint the bailie, th» treasurer, the municipal council and other officials. Notwlth •tuiding all the reform bills enacted since that time, this arrangement continue! in existence until •oae years ago, Fraaerburg having meanwhile de veloped into a seaport town of Importance, with a "•'tor constructed at a coat of £00,000. »nd a large ••Wlntion. Recognising that the town had out grewn the arrangement. Lord Saltoun. of his own •ccord. surrendered the hereditary rights, retain ■"C only the honorary title «f provost, and since t£» the bailie and the town officials have been *•****. as elsewhere, by the people. Lord Baltoun »hares with Lord Lovat the chief **to «Wp of the great Scotch clan of Frasers. They ** believed to be of Gallic rather than GaeUo *Mosat. and according to some historians the fam "7 and the elan were founded by Pierre Fraxier. •*» came to Scotland from Anjou. in Prance, in •• end it Is also added that this Pierre was a **•* of the Anjou house of Frezel de la Frezellers. ;vhatever their origin, the fact remains that the •**• were people of importance and of great ??»jlons In the south of Scotland at the time < the death of King Malooim 111. Gilbert Fraser '* • witness cf tie charter of the monastery ot wucr&Maa, in toe relra of Alexander I. Sir Simon, Fraser, of Oliver Castle, was one of the magnate* of Scotland in the troubles after the death of Alexander 111. and was carried off a prtsoner by King Edward I to London, where he was put to death on Tower Hill. The founder of that branch Of the house of Praser of which Lord Saltoun Is the chief was William, second son of Sir Alexander Praser, who fell In the battle of Durham in 134 C. Sir Alexander Fraser, owner of Pilorth, accom panied James Earl Douglas to the great jubilee at Rome In 1450. Sir Alexander, ninth of his line, fought for King Charles I at Worcester, and on the death of his cousin. Lord BtUtoun. without lesue wm acknowledged his heir, and his descend ants hold that tltlo to this day, the present Lord Saitoun being the nineteenth Lord Saltoun since the creation of th» peerage in IU4. FATE OF COUNTESS MARIE LARISCH. Countess Marie Valeric Larisch. who has Just ■uccumbed in tho Hospital for Contagious Diseases at Metz to an attack of black emallpox. was a granddaughter of Duke Louis of Bavaria, and a grendniece of the late Empress of Austria, of tho late Duchess© d'Alenqou and of the ex-Queen of Naples. The countess had also some American rel atives, with whom she Ua.l quite recently been staying over here for sever*! months, for her elder brother. Count Georg? Larisch. is married to Miss Marie Satterfleld. of Buffalo. Tho fact that the countess should have died at Metz is duo to lier having decided to throw in her lot with her mother, who lives there, rather than with her father, after the latter had divorced his wife. She was of age when tho divorce occurred, and therefore at liberty to rrurke her choice, whereas the younger children were awarded by the courts to the father. For her name of Valeric she was Indebted to the circum stance that she was a godchild of Archduchess Valeric, the youngest and favorite daughter of Emperor Francis Joseph. Her mother's career Is one of the most romantic which it is possible to conceive. She was the only child of a morganatic marrlatre between Duke Louis of Bavaria and tho Munich actress, Henri etta Mendel, who was created by the late King of Bavaria Baroness Wallersee. Empress Elizabeth took a great fancy to her niece when the latter was quite a little girl. Induced the child's parents to confide It to her. and brought It up almost as If It had been her own offspring- Unfortunately, all the splendor with which the wjif surrounded, and the profound deference with which she was treated at the court of Austria as the favorite niece of the Empress, served to turn her head. That she dreamed at one moment of marrying her cousin. Crown Prince Rudolf, and of sharing with him the thrones of Austria and Hungary, Is notorious. She had seen how the Empress had suspended in her favor the strict rules and regulations requiring generations of exclusively noblo ancestry on the father's and mother's side for membership of the Order of the Star Cross and for toe office of lady of th« palace, and she was led to believe that the laws demanding that the sovereigns consort should be a royal or Imperial princess would be likewise modified for her sake. It was a cruel disappoint ment when the fact was brought home to her that this was out of the question. Both the Emperor and the Empress did all they could to soften the blow, and when a marriage was Hrranjje<l for her with Count George Larisch she was overwhelmed with gifts of every kind by her imperial rirn-le and aunt, and she was married from under their roof. at Oodollo. the Empress herself giving her away at the altar. , Even as Countess Larisch she remained an ex tremely Important personage In Vienna, and might have continued to be so to this day had it net been for her extravagance, which before two years passed became the talk of the Austrian capital. She did not confine her frequent appeals for mone tary help to the Empress and to the Emperor, but likewise addressed th«m to Crown Trlnee Rudolf, and was led in connection therewith to play a most discreditable part in chaperoning his romance with Baroness Marie Vetwra. The fact that she ex acted and received payment from the crown prince for her services in the matter was brought to light by a letter addressed by her to her cousin, the crown prince, and which after his death was found In the pocket of one of his uniforms »"d handed to the Emperor. It mas this that led to her being exiled from Austria and divested of her Austrian Order of the Star Cross, as well as of all her honors and dignities which she had en joyed at the court of Vienna. 6he took up her residence with her husband In Germany, where. In spite of what' bad occurred, her husband still chivalrously remained by her side, and shielded, her with his name and his honor as far as possible. But In 3895— that is, nearly seven years after the tragedy of Mayerllng, ho was compelled to divorce her, and thereupon she married the Bavarian actor and former operatic barytone. Otto Brucks, who for two years past has been tho impresario and director of the leading th*atr« at Metz, His wife lives there witn him as "Frau" Brucke. and inasmuch as the roln which sh« played In con nection with the tragedy of Meyerllng Is a matter of worldwide notoriety, the ostracism to which slss has since then been subjected by the Austrian and German courts and arl«toora<*y. has, of course, ex tended to society at Metr, where she Is restricted to the companionship of the people of the stage who are dependent upon her husband for their em ployment. Her former hurband. Count George Larisch, found that his position la Austria had been ren dered so painful by his former wife that he has severad his connnection with the Austrian army, abandoned Austrian citizenship and secured nat uralization as a Prussian. He has got rid of all his Austrian property aad now lives entirely upon his estates In Prussian Silesia. Meanwhile the house <«f Herr and Frau Otto Brinks, at ftfflta, is subjected to the strictest kind of quarantine, owing to th« fact that the late Countess Marie Valeric Larisch conracted the malady to which she succumbed beneath their roof. They are under the closest kln<l of observation, and at the very first Indications of the disease Frau Brucsil will be transferred to the hospital where her daughter died. It would be a tragic closo to an extraordinarily romantic career. Of which the ear l:.r stages wero passed in imperial palaces, were it to wind up amid the horrors of a smallpox hos pital. MARQUISE DE FONTENOV. JOHN D., JR., NOT QUITE WELL YET. John D. Rockefeller, jr., told his Bible class yes terday afternoon, after addressing them on the subject of Daniel, that, while, he would be pres ent next Sunday, he would not take charge of the f lass. The. Rev. Dr. Richardson, he said, would address them Dr. RlHiuidson said that, while Mr. Rockefeller had recovered from his sickness of a fee* nil ago, he did not yet feel strong enough to ctnduct tho class every Sunday. A SKIT AT A THEATRICAL NUISANCE. THE I'ROGRAMMK. From The Chicago Evening I''»st. The U6her led him to lit* seat. And then wi«h manner grand The usher stepped upon his feet ArM thrust Into his hand A pudgy book- a smudgy book— A programme of the play; Then with a sympathetic look The usher went away. The orchestra strii'k up a tune. The footliKhts gave a flash, Tlie 'cello droned a languid croon. Tho drun-.s s.t off n crush. And then the man said: "I must look At this if I would know." He opened then the pudgy book And hunted for the show. He read of facial creams that give Rare beauty to the check; He read of cares that make you live Forever and a week; He saw the cornet lady's face That sei-nieJ immensely pleased Because with geometrio grace She had been tightly squeesed. The curtain rose, but he read on Through page and page and page; The actors all had come and tone. The curtain hid the stage; Then came another overture. But still ho flipped the leaves, And murmured: "I will find It sure. Unless this thing deeelves." He found the Imlr-that-won't-eome-off If Growit is applied; He found that cheekitt cures a cough— And wearily he sighed; "It must be here; HI flud It yet.;" And then he read and read Upon the stage the hero met The villain— shot him dead. The play was done, the crowd filed out. All save this lonely man, Whci eyed the programme with deep doubt Jn his i>ewlldered scan. The usher came and said: "That's all." The man would still pursue The advertisements large and small — fie wu not halfway through. They led him forth a shattered wretch Who babbled as he went — An ambulance they had to fetch; Now In the wurd he's pent. And still imaginary leaves H« turns, and stops to say. As one who in vain questing gne\ 3s: "I wonder « bat's the play 7" NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. MONDAY. APRIL 22. 1907. HAMMEKSTEIJf'S STORY. WRITES HIS "MEMOIRS." Says Vaudeville Grand Opera "Turns" Gave Him Impetus. Oscar Hammerstein dodged the newspaper men all day yesterday, and spent most of the day In dictating what he called the "Memoirs" of his first opera season at tha Manhattan, which ended on Saturday night. In them he tells of the difficulties he encountered In his search for singers abroad, of the discourag ing beginnings of his season, and of the success that followed his production of "Carmen"— a suc cess which waa the turning point of his eeason. Mr. Hammcrsteln says he was led to believe in the presence of a genuine taste for grand opera la the masses by his vauieville experience. Audi ences, he says, always grow wildly enthusiastic over grand opera turns, the "Rigoletto" quartet, the "L,ucia" sextet or the Prison Trio from "Faust" being greeted invariably with thunders of applause. "When, In February last. I visited the musical centres and byways of music and grand opera in particular in search of artl.ns for my contemplated first season of grand opera in my Manhattan Opera House, still In course of completion, my reception on the part of directors, agents and singers of noto was absolutely North Poleon," the "memoirs" be gin. PLEASANT SYMPATHY IN NEW YORK. "In New York my very much advertised purposes and Intentions met with fine sympathy; some ad vised the services of a specialist; other, looking at th© matter more seriously, recommended the im mediate use of a straltjacket. Worse than all of that, tho musical world thought me too funny for anything. "The wise ones eaid grand opera was a matter of fashion. The unwise said grand opera was a rello of barbarism; what New York really wanted was an academy of cakewalk or a subsidized col lege of ballads. "It is a cause of much wonderment to me to-day that while in Europe I was not locked up on sus picion, either upon the charge of an attempt to kidnap singers or inveigle them into going to America under false pretences. "I frankly said I was all alone In the undertak ing, that I represented no corporation, nor that I had a backing of a dollar or millions; at any rate. I had the satisfaction of feeling that? I was the most avoided Impresario In Europe. A recital of the ways and means by which I succeeded in turn- Ing this spirit of fear and antagonism into one of respect and confidence I have to leave to the space in the newspapers generally devoted to obit uaries, and which in my case I sincerely hope will occur from time to time. "On the 15th day of September last I opened my subscription list for a season of grand opera in French and Italian. I announced the engagement by contract of an Imposing array of singers, most of whom stood In the front of the world's famous artists. 1 "The most notable feature of the opening for sub scription was the absence of subscribers. Not wishing to give a violent blow to veracity, I will admit that the first day three elderly ladies and one less elderly gentleman made Inquiries at the box office, eyeing the custodian of tho subscription books with all tl;e evidence of suspicion. After a few days this excited condition of things subsided and a few courageous, If not careless, people really did subscribe, making small deposits at the altar of the box office with a demeanor that denoted a firm belief in the eternal farewell of their money. DOUBTS ABOUT OPERA LONGINGS. "Again protesting against any Inference that I desire to collude with truth and veracity. I will state that this exhibition of enthusiasm on the part of the musical population of the city in con tributing to a season of grand opera at my house did not altogether fill mo with hilarity or vanity unbecoming a gentleman and Impresario; and when, a Jew days later. in my attempt to climb the ladder of operatic fame. I fell into a cellar through an opening In the lobby of the opera housn, injuring my spine and causing me to be inclosed in common plaster for several weeks, the suspicion gradually entered my uninjured mind that there really did not exist an exactly epidemic <leslro for grand opera In New York, or that it had been cured prematurely, In utter disregard to my feel ings and aspirations. "Perhaps it had gone flshinp, for all I knew. Tn addition to this superbly Ir.ti rt -Ming (Mate of af fairs, moneyed circles became somewhat angular In their dealings and demeanor toward me— once good man who lias gone into grand opera causing one of my first tenors to bluntly demand the sum of HO,'*') in cash an an evidence of oper atic longevity on my part before he would even deign to come to a rehearsal. He absolutely o>nle i me the privilege to rehearse with my HO.QOO; he wanted an immediate performance. "I had invested over a million and a half in the ground and building now known as the Manhattan Opera House. To thoroughly quench the thirst of opera in this supposed-to-be music starving pub lic, I disentangled an additional half million dollars for costumes and scenery. And when, in adCTTlon to all this, I now calmly mention that I shoul dered a responsibility of nearly a million dollars in season contracts with a small army of great artists and others, I, In duty to myself, am bound to add that I am neither a drinking man nor ad dicted to the use of cigarettes or narcotics In any form. "And when, three days previous to the opening night, my ledger showed a total subscription for boxes and seats for the season of grand opera in French and Italian of 19C6-'O7. comprising twenty weeks, to the amount of $52,600, my aforesaid and described painful sojourn In plaster of parts was a transport to the Elysees In comparison to the situation I confronted. ' "A subscription of J.'2.600 In my now opera house, against tlie subscription of $-100,000 at the Metro politan Opera House! The only oasis in thia desert of inky operatic bleakness was the fact that I had neither a partner nor board of directors, nor any accompli-^ what or whom soever. To drive away any possible dejection on my part, I held a Meet ing with myself In my office, elected myself presi dent, vice-president and also a number of other officers, and respectfully tendered myself a unani mous vote of admiration and confidence. "On December 3 the curtain rose for the first time on the opera 'I Puritan!': the box offlco showed receipts of $11,000. Enthusiasm ran riot! I was called out: I made a speech; I confronted an audi ence of four thousand people. Perhaps tho sheriff was one of them— perhapa, to familiarize himself with tha surroundings and tho contents of the premises. CHILLY RECEPTION TO RENAUD. "On Wednesday, the second night. I presented •Rtgoletto.' It wan the first appearance of Re naud. the great Renaud. the pride of the opera in France. If not in Europ?. "From a managerial standpoint as well as from any other it could reasonably be expected that a world-famous singer would arouse the habitual operagoer of New York to witness at least his opening performance. Tlie house was nearly empty-0.823 were the -total receipts, derived most ly from t'ne upper part of the house, and of this I paid Renaud $800. his stipulated salary for each performance. "Nothing illustrated better the degree of culture as regards to grand opera In New York than this event. The educational results which many years of opera in New York should have effected were seemingly none. The Justifiable Inference was that the operagoer of New York considered the only existing opera house a musical clubhouse, restricted In membership and quality of dress. The new institution, the new opera house, near Eighth avenue, open to all. evidently could Inter est these people no more than a trip to Chinatown with a slumming l-arty. Further on I will explain why Renaud opened his New York engagement to v house of SI.BUO and ended with his last four performances to receipts of over $30.000. "Ordinarily, when a man seen his fortune slip away and flndH his health and life at stake, he resorts to two things; he either stops his venture with a Jerk or \\- becomes intimate with firearms; but then I hated to disflaure myself when the chances of becoming immortal with my likeness on patent medicines were co near. I utlll aurered to mv fundamental Ideas, which caused me to em bark on the leak, ship of grand opera The Metro polltan Opera House, instead of popularizing cran.l opera In this city. Involuntarily depopullzecl it. It could hold but a tiny fraction or those having a taste for Brand opera. The inability to supply the demand had caused apathy, if not entire loss of "What could I expect? Why should I become dis couraged? Why should the musin loving people of Now York be frantic In their desire to part with » :or a seat to hear aa opera, tha rary name of which they were barely familiar with, and sung by artists they had never heard about? GRAND OPERA IN VAUDEVILLE. "Time and time again I have watched the audi ences In vaudeville theatres in 'turns' smatterinc of grand opera. A quartet from 'Rigoletto.' a sex tet of 'Lucia' could always be relied on as bringing forth most deafening applause; tho trio In the prison scene of 'Faust.' sung fairly well, would al most shake the rafters of the building. These au diences are made up of people to whom opera Is an unknown quantity. But in these demonstrations I aetectod the seed with which grand opera would ..£Vi de to rl P er « into an everlasting plant. uny should I despair in my undertaking when in possession of facts derived from intimacy with operatic affairs for over thirty years, accompanied j. closest observation of the demeanor of audiences unfamiliar with grand opera as a whole? ~ir H\ tne fate °' ray predecessors In thia field orrered but a mournful spectacle. Colonel Mapleson aied very poor; likewise Henry E. Abbey, and croicen-hearted Mr. Maurice Grau passed the last it w s .. of hls lUe in suffering and agony, with but limited means. The present director of the old opera house in this < lty also succumbed in health to his excruciating duties and labors. And still I adhered to my convictions. Given ? ?K P . ulatlon BUcn as ours, and. as I have de scribed, a taste for the most sublime in music— eyanil opera-and slowly but surely will it create ?i st . a Ukin ». then a desire, and finally an en thiiirtastlc necessity; just as the theatre at to-day 18 a necessity of life, grand opera will be the same in not many years to come. I gave my third performance on Friday night. It was 'Faust.' There were over 300 people on the stage, excluding brass band and myself. The receipts hovered between $1,630 onl despair. It was at least plainly visible on tho face of my treasurer. With a repetition of 'I Purttani' at the Saturday matinee, I intercepted $1,480. and In the evening with the repetition of 'Rlgoletto' tha attendance Cat popular prices) was more vocifer ous than multitudinous, receipts showing $1,866.30. "The following Monday, December 10, the sixth performance ('Rigoletto't. the receipts were $1,321. December 13, seventh performance. 'Don Giovanni* for the first time. Tho Immoral 'Don Giovanni' evidently had no attraction for the moral New Yorker, as the box office refused to yield over "CARMEN" BREAKS SPELL OF FAILURE. "December 14. 'Carmen.' The by me expected and by others unexpected at last took place. The house lost Its morgue-l!ko aspect. After the sec ond act. during intermission, members of the press and leading citizens visited the stage and congratulated mo for the almost unprecedented ex cellence of tha performance. From that night on grand opera in Now York without the aid of so ciety became an institution for all lima to lome. Every performance thereafter brought larger and more enthusiastic audiences; what I always had believed In New York began to believe in also. "After this performance of 'Carmen' the receipts for my performances began to increase rapidly. To most of my audience, high or low, grand opera was a novelty, a now sensation, an Inspiring sur prise. Tha preys often noted the passionate, thun derous outburst during and at the end of each act and at the final fall of tho curtain; such scenes. Buch tumultuous tribute to the gingers, wero un known in the old opera house. Here was a new element, musically inclined, formerly deprived of an enjoyment of the most stirring in their nature. "What dees It signify when an i>i«era like "Car men' can bo produced In on« season of twenty weeks twenty-two times? It signifies that the new American operagoer wants a simple play, a sim ple story set to music of melodious character; and ope-ras of such merits only" can hope for ap preciation In this« country for a l«">ng while to com-?. The educational influences of such works will bring about lh« gradual understanding of the mytho logical themes and instrumentation of tha German master. "My convictions in an existing but hidden strata of love tor grand opera in this city and this great and glorious country of ours have proved correct. Its influences »r*- bound to spread over the length, and breadth of this country. Already mv single handed and In most respect?, single-minded efforts are bearing fruit. Every large city of the country Is evincing an ••agerness for the possession of a heuse devoted solely tn grand opera. Dally, al most, I im solicited to lend a helping hand in that direction. , _.„.. •The reoerpta «f the season w«»re nearly $730.<yw. overbalancing to a considerable extent tho ©xpendi "Anrl often now there comes to m« the tribute which is generally paid tn men who, by th»!r own conviction, pave made the seemingly impossible possible. "I am tnM I nr;i lucky." • ODD THINGS IN THE MAIL. A STORY OF OLD LONDON BRIDGE. V. C. Bridges". In The World and Ills Wife. Three centuries ago a fine young farmer's son- Edward Osborna by name— left the old homestead at A.shford. in Kent, and ramie for London, there to seek his fortune. Presently he was bound ap prentice to William Hewitt, cloth merchant, who lived In on» of those fine old timbered houses which lined the two sides of old London Bridge. Here he worked well and gained gold opinions from his employer. One day it happened that Mistress Anne Hewitt, the sweet daughter of the merchant prince, while hanging the cage of her goldfinch outside the window to catch the morning sun, lost her balance and fall Into the river, which was rushing at full tide through the narrow and darksome arches. Young Osborno beard her screams as she fell, and, waiting only to fling off his shoes and surcoat. sprang through the window after her. Bhe was already far down the river and beln? carried swift ly H«ay by the strong current. But Osborne's com try training hud made him a strong swimmer. He succeeded In catching the Rlrl by the hair, and, grasping the side of a barge which lay at anchor, pulled her to safety. Is It wonderful that a year litter 'ho gallant young apprentice, led the sweet Mistress Anno to the altar and gained ono of the fairest and best dowered brides In all London town? That was the beginning of a great and suc cessful career. Thirty years later the apprentice boy became Lord Mayor of London, and shortly nfterward his son was kuighteii for prowess on the field of battle. Ills grandson became one of the first baronets, and his great-grandson. Sir Thomas Osliorn«. gained the friendship of the King and was raised from one dignity to another, until he at lust was made Duke of Leads, He was the direct ancestor of the present duke, who Is the tenth bearer of the title-, and who. besides being duke, marquis, earl, viscount, baron find baronet, Is also a prince of the Holy Roman Empire. TAXES ON LEGACIES. From The Baltimore Sun. In the year 19DC-'o»i there wars In Great Britain ninety-nine estates of $1,250,000 to pay duties at the death of the owners. In the previous year there were sixty-eight such estate?. When probate and legacy duties are combined they amount to 18 per cent of the amount left to remote kin. In the year ended March 31 the government's receipts from death duties were, about $05,000,000, making* a new record. In the twel\o years lIaVM to l!»0t>-'07 th© Exchequer has received from death duties $I.OUu,- OOf'.OOO. The amount received exceeds the estimates and Indicates how many wealthy men reside in the United Kingdom. VERILY THICK HEADED. From the London Globe. At the Thames Court a man who stated he did not know his name was charged with maliciously smashing a plate glass window, valued at £3 IDs, belonging to Costln Peterson, licensee of the Alma Public House. West India Dock Road. At 12:*3 o'clock on Friday night tho defendant went up to a constable and said, "J«ock me up, boss " He then wenl up to the window, took off his hat, and drlibftratHy butted the window with his head, kiiui-klng the window completely out. His head ■was not cut. When taken into custody he said. "I will smash all tha blessed lot iv when I rom* out" MAINE OXEN. From The Kennebec Journal Among the unique teama to tin found In Maine Is one which can he seen on Pozcroft's streets most any day. It is tho big ox owned by (lus Harmon, of Fox croft, and which Is used for driving purposes, being attached to a pung or common road wagon. The ox has been carefully trained and Is us steady and gentle as If ho hud always been used without the companionship of a mate. H*> is a big black arid white fellow, and can g«-t over the road at a fast walk. A common back saddle, such aa is used on Horses, fits ou his back, and a common collar und lianifß are used to draw tho load. No b-idle or r«lns are used, but tho animal la guided with the usual ox goad, helped on occasionally with the usual expressions used In managing- oxen. This ox 1b one of several used by Mr. Harmon. He makes use of them almost exclusively for farming and lumbering, and finds he can do a big amount of work easier and cheaper than by using horses. c A REAL HARD LUCK STORY. New York correspondence Plttsburg Dispatch. He was sitting in the smoke room of tho 10 p m. Plttsburg special. Just about to leave the Pennsyl vania station, and he was making his moan to all who would listen. "Talk about your hard luck stories," he said; "I've got the real thing. About an hour ago I telephoned to the sleeping car offlco to see if I could get a berth on ti:ls car. and was told that they were all Bold. I had to tako this train, though, and I knew I'd be sleepy and not be able to sleep, and hungry and not be able to get any grub, so I said to myself: -I'll just fix that. I'll go into a hotel eat a double Welsh rarebit and smoke two black cigars. Then I'll be neither sleepy nor hungry.' All of which I did. Then I came aboard the train Just now, and the porter tells me a man gave up a nice lower berth rt the last mo ment. And me full of Welsh rarebit and strong tobacco smoke!" CROPB AND CHINA'S FAMINE. From The Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. China has given a new evidence of her awaken ing. Long ago she employed European drlllmasters for her army and certain foreign Instructors in her university, but this means a more direct and prac tical benefit of the achievements of white civiliza tion. Her representatives at Washington huve asked for seeds or plants of every American agri cultural product which will grow in Asia, and tho same request has been made of every nation of Europe. The Chinese in California have shown themselves to be remarkably skilful gardeners; they are said to raise 90 per cent of the vegetables produced on the coast. It Is expected that an in telligent selection of new vegetables, after experi ments, will greatly increase the field crops of China and redut- the suffering whteh has been th<3 lot if a Urge proportion of the crowded population. POPE TO MAKE CHANGE. Monsignor Kennedy May Replace Cardinal Merry del Vol. Private advices received in this country yesterday from Rome tend to confirm the cable reports that Cardinal Merry del Val will retire from the office of secretary of state for Plus X. The same advices say that Cardinal Merry del Val Is to be succeeded by an English-speaking prelate, and that among a certain group of the Cardinals ac Curia it was frequently said that the Pope planned to appoint Monsignor Kennedy, rector of the American Col lege at Rome, to this high office. That Cardinal Merry del Val is to retire Is con sidered beyond doubt. Monsignor Kennedy Is in this country at present, and has been here for sev eral weeks on a mission which ha» not been made public. Several prelates In this country, among them Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishops Farley and Ryan are said to be cognizant of the Pope's plan to appoint an American secretary. Here in New York, however, no prelate could be found who would acknowledge this, though all taid In so many words— "We'll bo honored in the recognition of Monsignor Kennedy." It is generally acknowledged by those familiar w^h Vatican affairs that the Pope could hardly do without a secretary thoroughly familiar witli conditions in such great countries as reat . B " 1 * am. America, Canada and Australia. French has long ago ceased to be the official tongue at the papal court; in fact, a prelate who knows Latin thoroughly Is better fitted for the office. Merry del Val speaks En lish fairly well, but is not fa miliar with the Church's internal workings in Eng lish-speaking countries. »_•._ MonsUnor Kennedy has been rector of the Amer ican College for years and. In a way. has been the Intermediary between the Pope and the. bulk or the English-speaking countries. He is thoroughly conversant with the Internal affairs of the atlcan. Should he bo called to this office. Monsignor Ken nedy would undoubtedly be created a cardinal in private consistory, as was Cardinal Merry del \al. Monsignor Kennedy's appointment to this offico •would seriously retard Monsignor Ireland 3 changes of getting a red hat. it is said. Monsignor Ken nedy Is a protege oi Cardinal Gibbons who- rec ommended him. in 1895. for the rectorship of tho American College to succeed Monsignor OConnell. now rector of the Cataollc University. Bt*ng a Pennsylvanian by birth. It is supposed Monsignor Kennedy has been using his Influence .to get the red hat for Archbishop Ryan. In this he has had the support of Cardinal Gibbons. He is in his fif tieth year, and at tlie time of his appointment to Rome was stationed at Overbrook Seminary. He speaks French. German and Italian nuentlj. and Is admittedly one of the most finished American classical scholars In the Catholic Church. t Th , Jesuits will undoubtedly favor his appointment. « Is said. The retirement of Cardinal Merry del \ al. It Is said la not to be construed as meaning that the Vatican intend* modifying its original position in regard to the Frenc.i situation. OQITUARY. EDGAR L. SOMERS. [By Tel<-«;r«ph to Th« Tribune.] N>w Haven, April 21.— Edgar L. Somers. general freight traffic superintendent of the New Haven road since 1903. died to-day at hU home in thia city from rhoumatlsm of the heart. He waa fifty eight years old and was born in Cuyahoga Falls. Onto "in 1877 ho became agent of the Commercial Express and Grand Trunk Urn. In ISS3 he waa made aarent of the Blue Line and Canada Souther.* lines, with headquarters In Chicago. He leaves a wife, a son and a daughter. JAMES CONSIDINE. James rvmsldinr, former town clerk of New Ro chelle. died there yesterday from tuberculosis. He was in his fifty-ninth year. Mr. Constdlne was •secretary of the New Roehelle Coal and Lumber Company, and was acttvo in th» Royal Arcanum «ntl Knights of Columbus. He leaves a wifa and two children. WILLIAM SANDLER BUEIED. Tho funeral of William Sandier, the student who was found drowned In the swimming pool at Columbia University on Saturday, was held at his home, N. TS Orchard street, yesterday. The university waa represented by Dean F. A. Goeta of the School of Applied Brteaee. in which the boy was a student; Professors Seligman and Davis and Superintendent 'Norrls of buildings and grounds. The secretary of the university. C, F. P. Keppel. represented President Butler. A deiefatlon from the sophomore class, of which Sandier was a member, was also present. At the request of the family, tho officers and stu denta marched in the procession as far aa the Williamsburg Bridge. The university Hag was at half-mast yester d.iy. the first tt'me. it Is said, in the history of the university that this has been dona for a student. Coroner Harburger said he would <*onauct an Investigation Into Sandler's death. The Inquest will be held a week from next Tuesday. A RECOGNIZED GUARANTEE OF TRUTH. From The Washington Post. The authentic Xew-Tork Tribune is responsible for th« statement. WHAT IS GOING ON TO-DAY. Meeting of the Woman's National Sabbath Alliance, room 7Jf\ No. 15U Ftita avenue. 11 a. as. Meeting of National Society of Ohio Women. Hotel Astor. 2 p. in. New Ycrk Vnlversallst Club <!nn#r for Alexis Aladyln. St. Pants Hotel. 7 p. m. '« Ola Guard dinner. Hotel Astor. 7 p. m. Review of the 12th Regiment by Mayor McClellan at its armory. »:is p. m. People's Institute lecture by William it. Ivlns on "The History of the New York City Charter." Cooper JTnloa. 8 p. in. Mass meeting to urg* transit reform. Bcrough Park Club housn. Cuth street and Thirteenth avenue. Brooklyn. 8 p. m. Opening of the new branch clubhouse- of th» Asaccg Hoys' Club. No. 102 Pineapple street, Brooklyn. 8 p. m. Free lectures of the Board of Bducatlon. & p. in.: De Wtti Clinton High School. 60th stive t and Tenth avenue. Henry Bodlenbacn. "The Man Beethoven"; Publio School 6. Mist street and Edgecombe avenue. Pro fessor <?«orges Casteifnler, "Lafayette" (Illustrated); I'ul.it'-. School 14. No. 325 East Ktq street. General James Grant Wilson. "O)lumhus and Henry Hudson" (illustrated); Public School XI. No. 41S West ttUl street, IT. Thomas 8. Kobjent. "Gladstone: The Man As I Remember Him"; Public School 46. 13Cch street and St. Nicholas avenue. Cyrus Weekes. "O'er Ouny. n and Crag to Search for Gold" (illustrated): Publta School 51. No. SZi West 44th street. Professor Charles I* Bristol. "Animals as Workers" (illustrated); Public School tO, Hester. Ussex and Suffolk streets. Mr. and Mr*. Gas), "Muslo arid Myth of OIJ Japan"; Publio School M\ Tutli street and First avenu*. rTOfcaaor Robert W. Prentlss. "The Wonders of tha Heavens" illustrated): Publio School 119. Uad street, near K'.Kl.th avenue. John Jay Lewis. "Through the Cana dian Rockies" (Illustrated): Public School 133. First avenue and Slat street. Sidney Herbert <>>x. "Aus tralia, the I«in.l of th« Southern Cross* (Illustrated); I*ul>llo School IBS. Avenue A. between TTth and "9th Dtreeta. Charles McDowell. M. 1" . "What VaccUatlon Has Done for the World"; PuNlu School 139. No. I'4l East l*t>th street. Henry '.» Hawn, "How to Speak EhsllsK"; Public school IW. I>ewls. J-iist Houston and Kaat 3d streets. Miss Jennie- I'o.uerene. "Algiers and Algeria" (Illustrated) : New York Public Library. No. 112 East With street. Dr. Frederick A. Cook. "The Antarctic: The Cruise of the Belglca" (Illustrated >; St. Luke's Hall. No. «8a Hndaon street. Pr. WUlka Boughton. "The Brownings" (Illustrated); St. Peter's Hall. SUth street. between Eighth and Ninth avenues. William ratrley, "How Germany Is Governed" (Illus trated): Morris High Bchoot. lastk street and Boston Road. Dr. Kenneth F. Junior. ••Formosa" (Illustrated). r » THE WEATHER REPORT. Official Record sad Foreraat.— Washington. April 21. — A cold rain has been falling In th» Gulf States dur ing the last twenty-four hours, and enow continues In thtt Texas Panhandle and Northern New Mexico. Else where fair weather has prevailed, with a very con siderable Increase In temperature. The barometric conditions have changed somewhat tn the last day or so, and now point to a change from the prevailing cool weather thus far In the month. Generally fair weather Is tndfc&ted for Monday and probably Tuesday except In the Gulf and South Atlantto States, where rain Is Indicated, with relatively low temperatures. It will be somewhat warmer Monday In northern districts, and by Tuesday normal temperature conditions will b» established east of the Mississippi, except In the Gulf and South Atlantic States. The winds along the New England and Middle At lantlo Coast will be fresh' southwest ; on the South At lantic Coast fresh to brisk northeast; on the Gulf coast fresh northeast to north: on the lower lakes fresh to brisk southwest, and on the upper lake* fresh aouthwest. . Steamers departing Monday for European ports wilt have fresh west winds and fair weather to the Grand Banks. Ferccaat for Special LoraJitira.— For New England, fair and warmer to-day: Tueaday pertly cloudy: freah weat wlnda. For Eastern New Tork. Eastern Pennsylvania. New Jersey and Delaware, fair and warmer to-day; Tues day Increasing cloudiness; fresh weat to aouthwest wlnda. For the District of Columbia and Maryland, fair and warmer to-day; Tueaday partly cloudy: fresh aouthwest winds. For Western Pennsylvania and Western New Tork fair and warmer to-day: Tueaday fair; freah to brisk southwest wind*. . Local Oflaelal Record.-~Th9 following official record from the Weather Bureau shows the changes tn the tem perature far the last twenty-four hours In comparison with the corresponding date last year: 1900. 1007. 1808. 1007. 3 a. m M 84! « p. in 72 52 0 a. m M 32 ft p. m «'.". 4<> ft a. m «1 . 37 11 p. m «3 ■». 12 m «■ 43:12 p. m fi& _ 4 p. m 71 52, Highest temperature yesterday. 52 degrees; lowest. X! degrees; average. 43 degrees; average for corresponding date last year. 89 degrees; average for corresponding date last twenty- years. Bo degrees. Local Forecast. — fair and warmer: Tuesday tocraaslag cloudiness; fresh west to southwest winds. "■■fasti's Vanittt Is fare rood.'* Married. H Marriage satires appearksg m IMB TR!«r>B will i be repntkli-shed la Tbe Tri- Weekly Till— I wltnoui 1 extra charge. STEWART— HICKS— On Saturday. April UK a* St. Matthew's Church. West 84th st.. New Tori, by tJJ» R«v Wai. Cleveland lii..k». Helen Cleveland. dsnabssj of Mr and Mrs. John A. Hicks, to Harrison Stewart, of ElojJra. N. X. Notices el aiarrlagM and dsatba must be Indort«d with foil naote and atlilre-'. , Died. . Death entices eppeeria« In TITB TRXZSITN& uKI be repabllahed in the Xrl-\>eeUT Txibsne without extra chars c. Bourne. Harriet G. Klppen. Jan« A. Cheney. Amelia H. Lace, JLupnemi* F. Cole. Thomas H. Lee. James 11. Cossrove. E.lr.a B. F. Montgomery. Charlotte 3. Ie ay Iva. Virginia. Smith. Aniiije V. Dod. Samuel B. Troy. Anna L. Dunning. Annetta CTB. VirmHye. Charles A. Johnston. James. Wells. Uertrude. BOI'BXE— Harriet Gilbert, widow nt George W.. ea4 dearly beloved mother of Clara. Frederick. May IM William Bourne. In her 94sc year. Funeral services at th« home of her daughter. Mrs. Chaa. A. Miller. No 123 West TJd at., at 10 o'clock Tuesday morn me. 3M tnst. Interment at convenience of family. CHENEY— At Poughkeepsie. N. V.. April 21. Amelia. Ital.ita. widow of Oeorsa Well» Cter.ey. Funeral prt v»te Burial at South Manchester. Conn., on arrival ef 2 o'clock train Wednesday. April 31. COI^E- -On Sunday. April 21. In the 53d year of Me asm 'ihomas Harris Cole, son of Jacob F. Cole. F mural services at his late residence. No. 833 Grand, are. Brooklyn. Tuesday afternoon, at 2:30 o'clock. COSGROVE— On Sunday. April 21. 180 T. Edna B. Toetar. wife of Walter E. Cosgrove. funeral at her homo. Me. 67 Sussex aye.. East Orange. N. J.. on Tuesday •v«» lr.g at 8 o'clock. DE STL.VA— On April 1% Virginia De Sylva. la her gM year. Funeral service at chapel of the home, 104 th st. and Amsterdam aye.. on Monday. April 22, at 11 a. m. POD Samuel Bayard Dod. at South Orange. N. X. Apstt . 19. In the 68th year of his an. Funeral services at bb) residence. No. 170 Scotland Road. South Orans% at 9 p. m.. on Monday. April '££ Interment private. Car riajfes will meet D., I* & W. R. R. train '.eavlnr Wsw York at 1:43 p. m. H^Si DVSSISO — in Canaan. Conn., April 20. Annette O*BrtSS Dunning, daughter of George- S. Dunning, Brtarclttf Manor. X. V: Funeral at 2:30 Tuesday. JOHNSTON— Entered Into teat Sunday. April 21. JaOM* Johnston, In his Tilth year. Funeral Tuesday. April 23. at i>:3(> a. m.. from his late residence. So. 12 Wost 107 th at.. New York City. Interment private. Chicago) papers please copy. KlPPEX— Suddenly. April SO. at rairfleld. Conn.. Jane A. KlpMn, widow of George Kippen. Funeral from her late Residence, on Wednesday. 24th tost., at 2:30 p. m. Kindly omit tljwers. LANE- Entered into rest. EuphemU I*., widow of the UK* -Stephen K. Lane. Funeral services at the boms of MS* daughter. Mrs. F. H. Boynton. No. 23 West 60th St.. eat Monday, tha 22d ins;., at 3 p. m. — On Saturday morning. April . 20, James Henry. son of Henry W. and the late Eieaaor Lee. Funeral services on Monday evening. April 22. at. 8 o'clock, from his late residence. No. 4& West 73d, at. MONTGOMERY— At Glen Ridge. N. X. April 20. 1007. Charlotte S.. widow of James P. Montgomery. M. D. In her 75th year. Funeral services from the Bom» of her daughter. Mrs. Charles W. Williams Marstoa Place. Glen Ridge, en Monday. April 22. at 2:30 o'clock. Interment at Waltham. Mass. SMITH— On Friday. April 19. at her residence. No. SCO Madison aye.. of appendicitis. Armide V. Smith, daugh ter of tha late Murray S. and Phoebe Ana Smith. Funeral service at St. James* Church. Madison aye. and 71st st.. on Monday. April 22. at 10 o'clock. TROY— On Friday. April 19. 1907. Anna Lee, widow a* Henry W. Tray. Funeral services at her late resides;'. No. 107 West 1313t st.. Monday. April 22. 10:45 a. m. VIRMIL.YE— At his late residence Englewood. X. X. em Saturday morning. April JO. 1807. Charles Augusta* ■on of the late William M. and Hester Ann, Vlrrollye. Funeral services will be held on Tuesday morning. . April 23. lm>7. at 11:30 o'clock, at tha Collegia** ChurA of St. Nicholas. Bth aye. and 48th it.. New York City. WELLS— Enters* into rest at Stockbridge. Mass.. Ctbr* trude, widow of Thomas Wells and daughter of taw late Rev. Humphrey Mount and Fanny Dvdl Perrtne. ef BloemSeld. N. X. aged 87 years. . cmtTtmia. Tun WOODLAWN rr.iir.vr.i-.T, la readily aceessrble by Harlem trains from Grand Centre! Etatlon. Webster and Jerome Avenue trolleys and by ear* rlage. Lota $123 up. Telephone 4533 Gramercy for Boa* of Views or representative. Office. 20 East 23d St.. New Tork City. CXDERTAKEKB. rn-ANTv K. CAMPBELL CO.. zn-z west 2M St. Chapels. Private and public ambulances. Tel. 1324 C v - .^«. Special Notices. lt-ln!-V. | * llorr-n. memorial, wnroowa N*w-Yoric. POSTAL. INFORMATION, RE- " GARDING INCOMING AND OUTGOING MAILS, • WILL BE FOUND WITH THE SHIPPING NEWS ON PAGE 12. i — . . — i . . , Tribune Subscription Rates, THE TRIBUNE will be sent by mail to any address In this country or abroad, ana address, .-hanged as often as desired. 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