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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 03, 1907, Image 2

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which Mr. Grady*s appeal to the sympathies
had cast over the Senate. He compared the evi
dence given by Superintendent Kelsey In the
examination by Governor Hughes with the evi
dence broughi out before the Judiciary Commit
tee, weighed it, dissected it, analyzed It to Its
uttermost, and stripped it of the glamour cast
about it by the Kelsey lawyers.
"Tho case must be judged by the testimony
taken and th« opinion of Charles E. Hi; •-
that Kelsey was not the man for the place, then
by the testimony Mr. Kelsey gave before the
Governor." he maintained. "Now, take the testi
mony Kelsey pave before the Governor and that
elicited by his skilled counsel before the Judi
ciary Committee. Compare them. You will find
another case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Be
fore the Governor ho was halting, confessed lack
of knowledge. lack of initiative, lack of ability;
before the committee his testimony showed him
to be a man of ability, of genius. To which
testimony must be given more weight? As
much as I regret to say it. the testimony he
gave before the Governor must bear more
•weight as stowing the real capabilities exhib
ited by otto Kelsey as superintendent of in
Mr. Fuller emphasized the value due to Gov
ernor Hughes's opinion of Mr. Kelsey as a Su
perintendent of Insurance, and closed by saying
that, much as be regretted It, he would be forced
to vote for Mr. Keisey's removal.
After Senator O'Xell had declared that Otto
Kelsey had lacked ii full comprehension of his
duties and "It would be as sensible to expect a
Jpoet like Whittier to lead the charging battalions
at Gettysburg as to expect Kelsey to be a thor
oughly capable Superintendent of Insurance,"
Senator Franchot took up the debate with some
heat. demanding the retention of Mr. Kelsey.
"When I saw the Governor enter the exec
utive chamber," said he, "on th< memorable
occasion when Otto Kelsey was forced to face
the galling examination of the greatest inquis
itor of the twentieth century, with five volumes
of the Armstrong report under his arm. with
places carefully marked. I felt then it was to
be a butchery to make a Roman holiday.*"
Next came Senator Tuny, one of Mr. Kelsey's
personal friends and a close friend of the latf
ex-Governor HigTKins. Deep feeling showed in
every word of his speech, deep sympathy with
Otto Kelsey. keen resentment of his treatment
ex-Governor Rlgg ed ir.
evtry -word of h ■ :-;...< h. <!•«!' sympathy with
Otto Kelsey, keen resentment of bin treatment
by Governor Hughes, though Senator Tully ex
pressed his complete loyalty to the Governor on
all his legislative policies.
"I regard the hearing before the Governor as
r particularly unfair," maintained Mr. Tully, his
voice quivering with passion. "He was sum
moned before the most brilliant cross-examiner
in this state at .■■! few hours' notice. without the
benefit of counsel. Does the Governor consider
that decent treatment? He was absolutely at
; the Governor's merry. Mr Kelsey did not get a
square deal. The Governor unfair to him, did
not give him a chance, did not give him a fair,
J honest show, bur I deny that Governor Hughes
•will condemn all the Senators who vote against
Kelsej- s removal."
Senator Tully said he did not believe the fate
of the Governor's reform measures rested on
the removal or keeping of Superintendent Kel
s*-y. He denied that public sentiment was
against Mr. Kelsey. and Mid the counties he
represented, on the contrary, were overwhelm
ingly in favor of him.
"In the name of decent treatment." he
shouted. "In the name of fair play, in the name
of Justice, I ask my fellow Senators to vote
against i moving Otto Kelsey."
Wg/ Senator 'avis, chairman of th" Senate Judl
ss^ clary Committee, to which the Governor's rec
i ommendation we; referred, said that Mr. Kelsey
i\ was aTK Issol to testify, employ counsel and sub
poena II in— i ■. not because It was his right,
but simply through the courtesy of the Judiciary
j Committee.
Mr. Davis said he believed it was the duty of
the Senate to uphold 'he administration and aid
• the Governor in carrying out his policies. If
this was done, he warmly asserted. Governor
! Hughes's administration would be the best the
\ state had ever had.
i It was 11 o'clock when Senator Davis finisher!
I speaking. Senators were evidently becoming
weary at the long debate, and a tendency to
hurry up the speakers was manifest. "Cut it
out!" was frequently heard, voiced "audibly In
audible," coming from Senators in parts of the
Senate chamber remote from the Senator who
happened to be speaking. After Senator Hill
had spoken briefly for Mr. Kelsey, Senator
i, Raines rose to make the final argument against
the removal of Otto Kelsey and close the del ate.
•i •I need add but little argrument," he said, "to
what my fourteen predecessors have already
raid. A Senator Is not the mere mouthpiece of
!] - pome one else. He Is a representative of the
people, and is accountable to them and them
only. He owes no allegiance to any one, he can
be called on to face directly to the people and
who elected him. I will carry any Issue I may
be called on to faoedlrsctly to the people and
look to them for condemnation or confirmation.'"
Senator Raines amused the Senate by reading
freak letters and telegrams. After finishing the
reading of a letter, he said he would not make
known the name of the writer, "because he was
as close to being non compos mentis as many
I of those who supported the Governor's conten
tion for the removal of Otto Kelsey."
Senator Raines then sarcastically talked of
Governor Hughes and other reformers, "who
turned the motto 'God Bless Our Homes' to the
■wall and hung up 'Reforming Is a Cinch.' "
Next he read a letter supposed to have been
received by Governor Hughes from Mr. Ivins
suggesting that Senator Raines be coerced.
With no unmeasured terms Senator Raines de
clared that "when Governor Hughes began to
use the big stick the end of Governor Hughes
was In sight.."
'■ With this barely concealed threat against any
\ exercise of force by Governor Hughes to carry
out his programme of legislative reform. Sena
tor Raines insisted that in spite of his vote to
night he was In accord with the Governor, had
now and expected to have for the rest of his
term as a Senator the confidence and respect of
the. Executive.
"As to my vote to-night." thundered the Sen
ator, 'I gladly leave that to the people of my
district. Let them. I say. decide whether to in
dorse or damn it and indorse or damn me for
casting a vote for Otto Kelsey."
| Having declared himself in accord with the
| Governor despite his voting against his recom
mendation, and having: threatened Governor
Hughes should he dare strike back. Senator
Raines then began his argument for the reten
tion of Kelsey.
"The man who selected Charles E. Hughes
and who made him Governor was also the man
I -who selected Otto Kelsey for Superintendent of
[If you can't
digest coffee
I "There's a Reason"
X I***'* *Th" HobA 1o WellrlU©" in pk*s.
Insurance," he said. "The insurance Investigat
ing committee cau»ed a great deal of damage.
If a level hwidrd man like KeL«ey had had
< barge of that committee the investigation
might have been trade with far less damage.
But I wont criticise the committee. Kelsi ■
toed a herculean task. He faced the San Fran
cisco disaster, and at the same time had tho
carrying out of the new insurance laws on his
Senator Raines read from the testimony taken
from the Judiciary Corri'mltte* of the fire insur
ance situation after the San Francisco conflgra
tlon. He styled Kelsey's treatment of this situ
ation as "masterly and brilliant, averting seri
ous disaster, if DOt actual calamity."
"The Governor of this state," vehemently de
clared the Senator, "had overlooked the situa
tion. Otto Kelsey knew what he was doing In
retaining for a time Hunter and Vanderpoel.
Yet the Governor wanted Kelsey to chase those
two rats, figuratively speaking, out of the barn
while the whole building burned."
Mr. Raines declared that Kelsey was not get
ting a square deal. "Tell me. Senator Arm-
Strong, what has happened In the insurance de
partment slnco Otto Kelsey took charge that
would warrant a charge of Ineompetency
against It." he cried with dramatic gesture.
"The charges have been tried," he continued.
"Sny what you want, they were charges and
they have been tried. His testimony was not a
confession. It was a statement of facts. There
Is not a scintilla of evidence to show that Otto
Kelsey should be removed. I hope every Sen
ator will vote according to his conscience. There
i» not a Senator who can say I have attempted
to influence his rote. If there i«. let him say «*•>
nrrar *5- clae for*»v«T aft«r hold bis pean*. Ncvw.
Senators, the <>nt 7 thing I have left to say la
that 1 -wish my vole was a majority vote. It
wrraW be cart for the retention of Otto Kzlzzy a-«
5-nper!«t^-r(florrt of Insurance."
The Afternoon Session Devoted
Entirely to Debate.
\ liy Telegraph to T!ie Tribune. 1
Albany. May 2. — The morning session of the
Senate was given over entirely to ex-Justice
Hatch's speech In summing up. It presented no
features, do novelty such tin characterized his
efforts before the Judiciary Committee. It pict
ured Otto Kelsey as ■half martyr, half saint, dis
regarding almost entirely the Governor's exam
ination "f the Superintendent before his demand
for removal, and hlirhly praising ths work of
Mr. Kelsey In the fire Inauranoa situation.
When Mr. Hatch was presented to the Senate
by Lieutenant Governor Chanter the galleries
wars thronged to their utmost capacity. State
officeholders and politicians swarmed behind
the Senate railing on the floor itself; groups of
those Icpb favored clung around ih» doorways
like swarming bees lit the mouth of the hive,
while even out In the corridors a crowd of ths
curious moved to and fro. Mont of the promi
nent Assemblymen got *eat« In the Senate
chamber. Speaker "Wadsworth pat with the
Lieutenant Governor, My the time Mr. Hatch
was half through hi* speech the galleries began
to thin out, and long before he had finished
there was a distinct lessening of the public In
Mr. Hatch began by declaring that, d-ppite all
the reports, there had been no connection be
tween the Kelsey cape and any pending legisla
tion of the Governor's, and the Kelsey counsel
and the Kelsey men had done everything 1 In
their power to keep these, thinpH disconnected.
He reviewed the Governor's message recom
mending removal, declaring that It contained
charges and distinct specifications. At first the
right of telling his story under oath had been
denied to Mr. Kelsey, he went on, and even the
right to call witnesses and issue process to get
them before the committee had been granted
only after lon« fighting.
Then Mr. Hatch took w what he termed the
Governor's specifications that Mr. Kelsey had
"conspicuously failed to perform obvious ■'
of the iir*t. Importance." ll>- said:
Thi<= establishes the absurd rule of law I
man must prove his Innocence; and I deny ai y
man to read the message and deny that. We
should have had a trial; now we are com
to present the remnants of a trial. We have
some opportunity to prove that Instead of neg
lect of duty Mr. Kelsey on every occasion has
risen to the heights of duty well performed.
The Governor of thia state has take; up only
ranch of tho great work dona by th.s de
partment Never In hia public or privi
has he asked for Information from the depart
ment. Instead, with the volumes of the Arin
s-t'oiit,' report before him, the Governor has
thought that the head and front of the whole
Insurance business of the country rested In the
three Insurance companies In New York City,
and with that fount of know!
no i: formation from the department because of
timate and persona. a with the
Taking up the Armstrong laws section by Bec
tion, Mr Hatch F.-iid t hat Mr. Kelsey ha I
all possible, under such laws. Of the Bectlon
governing policyholders' elections, he said: "I
believe h<- has done aa well as any man could
under that law. Who of us could do It better?
Cnuid the Governor himself have done more?"
The speaker alluded to the Armstrong counsel
fee for work on the standard forms of policies,
and charged that, if any neglect <>£ duly w;ui
shown, as to that part of the work, it was the
fault of ArmFtronff. not Ktlsey. Ho praised
Superintendent Kelsey's work in regulating
wildcat fraternal companies and the fire insur
ance situation, asserting:
I say that this man rose to that situation in
eplte of the Governor's specifications thai he
should have kicked out Hunter and Vanderpoel
and had a housecleanlng. The fire insurance
companies realized that they had a superii
ent to deal with who knew his business and
could not be swept off his feet. He had lived
fourteen years of official life respected and
< steemed, even by the President of the United
States. When was it discovered that h« did
not know enough to be Insurance Superintend
ent? It uas found out only by those who did
i ot know him. his ability, his worth, his mod
esty. I ask you when you come to vote, to
ect that there Is not a pfain on his charac
ter, not a law left unenforced, not a duty com
mitted to his care which remains undone, Lo
this \ery day.
An hour's recess followed Mr. Hatch's speech,
and at 2:30 the Fenate reconvened. Then the
real work of the dfbate began. Back and forth
swept argument, charge' and countercharge.
Much Expenditure of energy resulted, but no
body here believed that any member's mind was
influenced much either way by the arguments.
Striking presentations of the opposing views
were made. Senator "White, in a dramatic ut
terance which brought forth a burst of applause,
defended Mr. Kelaey and the rights of the Sen
ate to vote free from coercion or dictation. Sen
ator Hinman. tn a keen, absolutely dispassionate
analysis of the situation, declared that Mr.
Kelsey was a clog to a progressive state ad
ministration, and that if the Republican party
wanted to do public service, or even to main
tain its existence as a party It should fall In
lino with Governor Hugbes's policy. Senator
Armstrong, too, declared that <*> surely as the
Governor's policies were defeated so surely
would come the end of the Republican party in
this state.
Senator Hinman opened the debate, declaring
that, while hn held the kindiiest feellmj for
Superintendent Kelsey. his contention at all
times lind been that this was not a trial <>n
charges, and th*t whatever privileges had be^n
extended to Kelaey were privileges, not rights.
H<- .-aid:
The statement cf counsel for Kelsey that the
Governor had reached out to take away that
pSico Jjccauaa^aci .wanted It ion ilia <w« cur*
popes is .lhsoFaTerT unjustified. P"°s any mem
ber here believe chat the Executive Is playing
politics? I believe he La an absolutely clean,
honest man. I resent the Imputation that Charles
E. Hughes, sworn to do his duty, la endeavoring
to v- i that office for somebody else for pe.rsona.l
The people have seen a. provf-i-nment by the
people grow into a govern • by party, arid
then a government ot party by the machine.
Then came corruption, rottenness such as was
disclosed through the insurance investigation.
Because of tin •• disclosures the people of the
state, regardless of machine, elected Charles E.
Hughes because the people demanded a chance
and believed he would keep his campaign
Now when he came Into office he asked Kel
sey to resign, as any man would have done, not
because of malfeasance or misconduct. Kelsey
is an honest gentleman, and everybody knows
it. But Hughes wanted a man with stogy boots.
and brass knuckles who would take the Insur
ance companies by the neck and Bee that they
lived up to tho spirit of the law as well as the
letter. He wanted it and had the right to have
it. Kelsey had no vested rights in his ■ trice
Hushes is standing on the ground with both
feet, and^he wants the people to know what h« 4
is standing for. The responsibility i* off bis
shoulders and on ours. This is a question bigger
than any on.- man or any one party: it concerns
members of all parties, and the numbers of that
party which declines to measure up to the de
mand will hear from it in the future. The Gov
ernor voices the ideas of the people that Kelsey
was not forceful enough, that he did not take
hold with a high hand and clean house regard
less of earthquakes and devastations by fire.
That's v. hat the people demand and what they
will pet in the end. They have stood this hocus
pocus and the alliances of wealthy corporations
and politicians as long as they can. When a
Republican Governor like Hughes makes such a
request we owe it to ourselves, to him and to the
people of the state to grant it. I suspect pol
itics la being played here when I see the line
ups, on one side th- members of the other party
in large majority against this request; it looks
dangerous to a man on this side of the chamber.
Senator McCarren sprang to the rescue of the
Kelsey Bide at once In a striking defence of "one
of the most honest and conscientious officials
who ever served the state." He said:
We might as well be plain about this and call
things by their right names. If there is any
reason to vote against Mr. Kelsey, it will be
because we believe what the Governor says of
him. Th( Governor says Kelsey lacks virility
and the ability necessary for that depart
l don't believe him. I know as much about that
department and the administration of Kelsey as
any ordinary Senator. I cannot point to a
single instance which would permit me to vote
for hi removal except on the theory that I was
a craven and a coward. At the peril of being:
hold up as a representative of the corporations
and the Insurance combine 1 want to say that
tho. insurance business In this state is a corpse.
We are In the ember days. Carrying out the
provisions of the present laws put the state In
a position where the vast amount of this In
surance business never will be restored. 1 don't
believe Otto Kelsey would have made these
mistakes In framing the laws. i deplore the
attempt of Senator Hlnman to inject a party
spirit into this case. I have, approached It with
an untrammeled mind. On tho testimony of
the witnesses alone I am obliged to say that no
man in the state could have performed the
duties of the Superintendent better than Otto
Kelsey, not even our Governor.
I am no automaton, to be coerced or driven in
this. if my own father were Governor and
i.ski d me to vote for Kolsey's removal, I would
not do It, if I wen the only man In the Senate
to vote against it: for I feel it would do Injury
to an honest, capable official Every Senator
should pass or. this case on its merits, not on
the basis of whether President li/^osevelt or
Governor Hughes wants It done, not even on xht
basis of having to live a year and a hal? more
of official life with the Governor. I have been
told — a Democrat I should uphold the handa
of this Governor, because he hnd the- ear of the
people. I have asked these persons If they knew
Kelsey or the merits of tnls case. They did not;
but they knew tho Governor wai in tho lime
light. Any, man who would bo moved by such
considers tl«r.« Is a coward and not fit to sit in
this Senate.
Senator Hooker, one of Superintendent Kel
sey'a <-;.,>,-> personal friends, declared that
neither President Roosevelt nor Governor
Hughes, If he sat in the Senate, would be
moved by orders or public clamor. The insur
ance lawn were not to be considered quite Ilko
the tablets handed down from Mount Final, he
paid, ami averred that the Governor was not
pmall enough to hold malice ag.-iinst any one
who voted for Kelsey from conscientious mo
tives. Then, t-irtiinit his attention to Senator
Arms': . allusion tr. "weak Bisters" <>f yes
terday. Senator Hooker pictured Mr. Armstrong
ns H.iratlus :it th<- bridge, alone, almost over
whelmed. But Just then up carno the Governor
with a sword labelled "apportionment" and a
buckler, "appeal to the people." Behind him
again wan President Roosevelt with federal pat
ronage; while back of m, in a host of sup
porting seraphim and cherubim, were State
Chairman Woodruff and County Chairman
Parsons, each delivering his senators. "If left
to their own desires," he shouted, "there would
not be a division of the members on this
To tl tor 1 'age retoi • l that it s<
that lie must apologize for being with the mci
ranked as the most popular and wisest in the
country. SMI!, lie would rather follow their
leadership than that of Senator McCarren and
Senator Grady and Senator Raines.
"Senators, you can take your choice," mid he.
"Those who wish t<> follow Senator McCarren
when he appeala to conscience nnd honor urn
I prefer the other sid It see,
either, that following thai side means having
no rri:r i ' l ot on< 'a own. 1 never waa much of a
rubber stan p man, i nd am a lit 11«» t<"> old to
learn that trick now." He went on to Bay that
Otto Kelsey, Instead of having been deprived of
rights, had received every consideration at the
hands «.!' the committee, and added:
Witii 1111 1 1 h message demanding Kelsey's re
: the Governor transmitted the testimony
of Kelsey himself, and I say that the testimony
ljn.<* justified every charge !n th>> message.
These charges were not met. Before the Judl
clary Committee they adopted th>- legal n ■
known as "confession and avoidance." The in
surance Investigation found grave rottenness
due to n'-^lort of duty of certain officials who
falsely stated thnt certain conditions existed.
Does the ii<-v Superintendent drive them out,
tl ■ ■■ men who have betrayed their trust and by
their lies misled his predecessor? No. Why?
says Kelsey. There was a ba i earthquake and
a fire, and the conditions In the Insurance com
panies made necessary the retention of these
very men. I say that the magnitude <>f the
calamity and the possibility of great l'>ss made
it Incumbent <m him to have men for Investiga
tion on whose word he absolutely could rely.
■ Then Senator Phc* took up some <>f the testi
mony before tho Judiciary Committee when Mr.
Hatch had brought out the statement thai not
one dollar had been lost to policyholders in the
fun Insurance companies. Reading from "Best's
Insurance Reports," a standard publication,
Senator Vago declared that only five companies
settled their losses dollar for dollar. Pom.. «;,.t
tled for -lo cents on the dollar. The Eagle, to
which Mr. Vanderpoel went after he left the In
surance Department, settled most claims for 7.">
cent? on the dollar and sustained many suits.
he said The "Reports" said it wn« able to settle
In full and now was offering to compromise at
'.hi i>< rent. < ent.
"Do you wonder," said Senator Page, "that the
lawyers were aH>- to produce certificates from
the presidents of these companies saying Kel
sey'a service \\:m most satisfactory. Tho Super
intendent did not know these thlnps. he made no
invesTigatl'in to find out. Thjs was he justified
jn relying on tho Information of Hunter and
Taking up other testimony. Senator Pago de
clared that Mr. Kelsey on the stand testified
about certain rulings; that he made them with
nut the aid or Intervention of anybody else.
Yet when Mr. Patterson, the chief actuary, was
questioned, he swore that he had formulated
most of them and then submitted them to
"Here is the positive statement of Kelsey on
the stand that every one of the fifty-four letters.
Jjut-PBe, jvaa formulated by Lto .^thout
"NO BETTER il a g* QV
Nine Highest Awards
vention by any person." paid Senator Page, "and
here is the actuary who swears that he formu
lated them and carried them to Kelsey. who
siKned them."
■■Is the Senator trying to create the Impres
sion that there- la no difference between formu
lation and final preparation?" interposed Senator
Mi ( larren
• I am trying to create no impression," ret ■ ■ ■!
Senator Page. "I have read the words under
oath of two witnesses. They do not need any
characterization by me."
s.-nator White declared that when Just a year
ago Governor Hlggins sent the name of Otto
Kelsey to the Senate, Republicans and Demo
crata alike were glad. "No demagogue or bla
tant scandalmonger seeking brief notoriety" had
been i hosen, he said. !!•• went on with an
analysis of Kelsey's service, which he said had
raised hli i to "the place ol one of the foremost
officeholders who ever occupied a place In the
government of tin- state." The Governor, after
tif:y days In office, thought it his duty t'> <]<•-
mand Mr. Kel • irteen years
of able public service. This waa no way to en
courage young i ■ ' ■■*•• the Btati N
believed that anj Justice of the Supreme Court
ive Kelsey on t!:>' evldi nci
t . i iI : • -
"There have been tal< i that the Governor
would wr< tk executive vengeance on those who
did nol vote as he wished," shouted Si
White, In a passion "1 spurn any such I
'. ■ . man who rays so is a blackguard.
This la p Senate absolute';.- Independent. We
acknowledge no dictatorship. Let us try to rise
to thle in. I hope ev< ry man 11«1 1« r< ■ will
'."!,. on his conscience, in accordance wli
oath of office. I Bhall do II
: - nr Armstrong maint
how much evidence was brought oul in the Kel
sey defence, not on< word touched on the ques
tion at Issue "The Governor's m« -
Senate wa-.s accompanied by X- . ■
Blon," he said. "AH the rest of the time has
spent deliberating on the • • Stung
by nn interruption from Senator Raines, Mr.
Armstroi g launched out on h defence of the in
vestigating committee and Us measures, which
• v' as a ; era >n i
We do not regard these laws • • .> .
that there art- not m ■ roui I thla circle
who i • lolrmansh Inves
llgatii . i • •■
■••■:•!• X >Ugl ' 8
I • ••■ aa no easy I ntlng us We did it
as b«."«f we could . ;>i ■

■ .
Nearly every l ■ . • ■ • Kelssjy
before the Goven r wn with confessions,
F dlsl ...
• rovernor rhargi • ■• ■
to the peg 1 that nd peg won't
•• >- >und to the
y ut it won't nt. ; •
ther posit
■ I
\ ■ ' H.
Is used I ' • ' •'
r^iucii ie«« of the pu : ■ •
he t. k v.
■•• that P ' i -

ill other

]<■■' ■ ■ ■

■ •
■ ' : ■

..... never
got to the top to survey 1

lent with hroga i . ■ ~. v. ..
I.- \er shoul ! I ive hear i ■ I lult .
found with these laws Sorry as i am to i t
Otto H. Kelsej i . ■ • ■
Now, i don't believ« the men here
to voi i f theii con
stituents or the ]
I have a high< r regard for that.
I am proud to 1 •• friend of this Gov
ernor, but If t!;>- time romea when I d
\\ ith i ■ bo. I v Ish you would
••■ ' that It is
your duty to support this Governor when he Is
right, and he has been right bo far t.-: : tl u ( *
out* of :• : The pan-, sentiment I'd like to
h(-r- Rt-i!:d torili. thr state and county
organizations, is the sentiment which says that
if you do not support the Governor who both
!. ad-^ iir. d follows j - \ : ! >11 > - sentiment you will not
be hen Just n surely as the nun will
rlso to-morrow, I Bay that If you crucify this
< ;o\ prnor ! • you \\ ill not be hert
Governor Hughes Accepts Resignations of
Lieutenants of the Ist Battery.
Albany, May L* Adjutant Genera] Henry an
nounced to-day that the Governor bad ac
cepted the resignations of First Lieu I
Louis Wendel, ir . nd Second Lieutenant Harry
A. Nickel, of the Ist Battery. The Governor has
authorize. i the ordering of elections to till the
, a< ancles.
Captain Louis Wendel, of this battery, was
recently discharged as the result of a court
martial ln connection with the affairs of tli«
battery. There were no charges against the
two lieutenant .
Where Roads Are To Be Constructed from
$50,000,000 Bond Issue.
\ |ha ■ M*3 " ; ■ ■ ount j bighws y
maps submitted by t!." State Engineer In January
and outlining the i"a<ls proposed to b« constructed
m »• a. !; county with the pr 1 < of the f 1
bond Issus was the subject of a continued confer
ence before the Internal Affairs committees of the
legislature In Joint session this afternoon. The
conference began yesterdaj with Intent to i. ar any
opposition to the
Most of the counties ••' the state were represent
ed it th.i hearing and only a fsw changes were
asked for, mn 1 of those requested being ror shoit
pieces of ■ onnscting road
The maps as they si Isrinall] prepared
by state Englneei Van Alstyne and have heen
perfect. 1 liy !tvi successor, the present State Engi
neer, Mr. Bkene; they have for the most part been
approved by the county boards of supervisors. The
j.rojios^d mileage in each county la Bet forth In the
measure for each county. S.jmt <>f the principal
ones are:
Albany „ lii.i RenueUer 173
Broom* 130 Rock land - M
Dutches! , us si L*wrence. «... 2.14
I>fla«are ...„ _. 174 Saratoga _. 141
Nassau :.. m Suffolk 17«
Magnra 168 Sullivan „ i.:4
Onaida ~ 148 ( I later _..Itl7
onunduga - 253 1 Washington ioa
Ontario ; 110 Wayne 114
Orange ... ls.S|Wt^tchesttr 244
Albany. May '.'-The Albany Chamber of Com
merce this evening announced a public meeting 1 for
the purpose, of discussing the public utilities bill,
to be held under Its auspice* In the City Hall. Al
bany, next Thursday afternoon, at 2 o'clock. Sena
tor Page, of New York, who introduced th.> bill In
the Senate, will speak in behalf of the measure.
I lie penUmentß of the opponents will b» voiced by
Henry J, Pierce, of the Buffalo Chamber of. Coin
p*w»a»^^_ ■*
President Speaks on Peace and IV
at Washington Ceremony.
Washington, May 2.— The heroic equestrian status
In bronze of Major General George B. McClellan,
erected under the suspires of the Army of the Po
toma-\ was unveiled here to-day with appropriate
civi,; and military ceremonies and in the present*
of a dlstlnguiahed audience Presld>nl Roosevelt
made the principal speech! and with General Fred
erick D. Grant on bis ripht and Governor Stokes of
New Jersey on his left witnessed an imposing mili
tary parade of regulars ami militia.
Mrs. McClellan, the general's widow; Mayor
George H. McClellan of New York, son of the gen
eral, and Or. Goorue McClellan, of New Jersey, a
nephew, who pulled the string releasing the fines
In which the statue was loped, occupied seats
•>n the President's stand. The diplomatic corps, the
nrriTj- and naw 3tid civil and official circles were
largely represented at the gathering. Among the
diplomat* present were Baron Rosen, the Russian
Ambassador; Viscount Aokl. the Japanese Ambas
sador; Mr. Bryce, ii • Ambassador from Great
Britain, and Ambassadors Jusserand, of France,
and H^nKfjlmuller, of Austria-Hungary. Seers
taries Tuft and Garflt and Senator Wetmore <"*
cupted s> ats on the President's stand. The clouds
which had been heavy during the early afternoon
lifted as tho ceremonies progressed, and beforo they
had ended the sun was shining brightly.
Brigadier General Henry C !>•. :. United
States Volunteers, tho president of tho Society of
tho Army of the Potomac, prosified. Major Gen
• r.il J. Franklin Bell, chl -f of staff of the army.
w;ia In command of the military parade, which con
sisted of tlm-n divisions, made up of infantry, ar
tillery an. l cavalry of the regular army; the Na
tional Guard of the District of Columbia and the
3d Regiment of Infantry of the New jersey Na
tional Guard; Battery A. of the eld artillery, and
two troops of cavalry from that state, In command
of Brigadier General Dennis P. Collins.
The President in his speech, after extending a
greeting on behalf of the nation to Mrs. McClellan
and her son and others, paid:
To General McClellan it was given to command
in sumfl of the hardest fought battles and most
imp' 'taut campaigns In tlia fre.tt war of this
hemisphere so thai his name will be forever linked
with the mighty memories that arise w'a. n we
■peak of Antieuu nd South Mountain, Fair Oaks
and Malvern, so we nev< can speak of the great
Army of the Potomac without having rise before
use tho flKiir*' of General McClellan, the man who
organized and nrst led It. There was also given
to him the peculiar Klft -one that is possessed by but
very t>w men- to romblnn the qualities that won
him the enthusiastic love nmi admiration of thf
soldlers who fought with an-i under him and ti.-»
qualltloa that In civil 11) endnared him. peculiarly
to all who .Mine in contart with him.
Let inn Fay a word of acknowledgment of a Fr«>
elal kind to the committee which is responsible for
the statue. It has been said of eomo modern stat
uary that It added a new terror to death, but I
wish on behalf of thos«. who live in th>> capital of
t!.e nation to express my very profound acknowl
r<!gem*ntsi to those who had the good taste to
choose a great sculptor to do this work. I thank
them for having erected h»r*\ In so well chosen a
slt»\ a statue which, not only because of he man
It commemorates, but because of Its own Intrinsic
worth, adds t.> the nobility and beauty of the capi
tal city of th« country.
We "have become accustomed to accepting as a
matter of course certain things which would r^
wellnieh Impossible in any country save ours, so
that It sevitis most natural that the President of
the United States, when he drives down to take
part In a celebration like this should have ns his
persona] aids both the sons of tha nien who wor*
the blue and th« sons of the men who wore the
gray. As Americans, when we glory in what was
dene under tirnnt, Sherman. Thomas. Sheridan.
McClellan, Farragut. we run no l»ss glory In th*
valor and the devotion to duty as It w.is fdven to
them to see the duty of th«» m.'n who fought und>*r
I^et- and •'Stonewall" Jackson and the Johnsons
tmd Stewart and Morgan.
We have listened recently to a trreat d»al of talk
nj).it!t peace. It Is tl,e duty of rill of us f.i strive
for peace, provided that It comes on the rijrht
terms. 1 believe that the iimn who really does
the best work for th« state In peace is the very
man who nt need will do well in war If peace hi
merely another name for self- Indulgence, for sioth.
ft>r timidity, for the avoidance of duty, have none
of It. tv-'«k th» peace that comes to the just man
armed, who will dare to defend his rights If the
rife.l should arlsf. Sfek th^ peace . ■ -:.t'-.l to him
who will wrong no man und will not submit to
wrong in return. Se.-k tli« peace thnt comes to us
us the pea.-c i.f righteousness, the peace of justice.
Ask peace because your deeds and your powers
warrant rou In asking It. and do not put yourself In
the position to ernve It as something to be granted
or withheld at the whim or' another.
If there Is ono tlilnp which we should Wish nu a
nation to avoid It I* the teaching of tl — who
would reinforce th» lower promptings of our hearts
and so teach us to seek only a life of effortless
eas-. of mere mat-rial comfort. The material de
velopment of this country, of which we have a
rlgtll to }„• proud, provided that we keep our pride
rational and within measure, brings with It certain
great dangers, and one of those dangers is the
confounding of means and ends. Material devel
opment means nothing to a nation h* an end In it
self, if America Is to stand simply for the ac
cumulation; of what teils for comfort and luxury
then It will stand for little indeed when looked lit
through the vistas of tho ago*. America will stand
. i"" xi! "' <>nly lhat v trpflts material
<omfort, material luxury and the means for .;.';
qulrlng such, as th» foundation on which to hiill.l
LL h na a^li^nent °' ™*
iH^rT'' who has done nothing but
■..' v'-^v '-^ " the Mntlest
slderatlon; to men of real ■ >• ■• f ■■, prnment
he Is an object rather of contei f^vy!
The test of a fortune, should be twofold-how it
was earned and how It is spent. It Is with tho na!
■t on ns ft In with the individual. Looking hick
through h:»tory. the nation thai we r spe?f Is ?*.
variably Oie nation that Struggled, the nation th«»
strove toward a high Ideal. the nation that recc*.
nized In an obstacle something to be overcom*
and not something to be shirked. The nation
but the aggregate of the individuals, and what is
true of national life t, and must he true of each
of us in his individual life. The man renders hut
" poor service to nation or to Individual who
preaches rest, ease, absence of endeavor a* what
that nation or that Individual should strive after.
Both you men who fought hi blue and your
brothers who fought In gray against you, as you
look back In your lives through the? years that
have passed what la It in those years that you
-„.,, glory In? The times of eas«. the tlnW of
«iVh' S^ LlOL 10 , 1 , 1 . 1 "" 1 " )!Pn * v erythlne went »m hly
with you"! f>f course not; because yon are men
because you are moved by the spirit of men What
V" 1 K lory In. what you hope to hand down as i m
flylng memories to your children, are the tiilnci
that were done In the days that brought llttC
Pleasure with them save the grim consciousness of
having done each man his duty ns his duty needed
to i.« done Hecause In those years you hail It
In you dauntlessly to do your share In the work
allotteH to you your children and your chHdwns
children rise up to call you blessed Who Si
you now would barter the memories of the dark
years from '«! ... '68 for any K lfi that ,'.,,1.1 be
given? Not a man among you. Yon have won th«
right to feel a pride that none other of your coin
trymen can feel, and you won that rlgfit because
you sought not the path of ens," but the r-ar'h of
rough, disagreeable, Irksome and dangerous duty.
The President saM that we are yet a good many
thousand -years short of the millennium, and our
business I. to do our own duty and teach our chil
dren to do their duty In a rough work-a-day world,
"and," he said, "we cannot da that duty by fin.>
phrases. Ws cannot do our duty if we let oursleves
gel a false perspective of life. if we substitute ease
and pleasure for the conception of duty Itself."
There was one person In thU country, the Presi
dent said, he put ahead of the soldier— "the really
good woman, the good wife and mother who has
done her full duty." "She often has a pretty hard
time," he mid. and added:
Yet the woman who thus with labor and mx
iety brings up her children Is blessed amons
women, blessed among men. I do not pity her in
the least I respect and admire her and hold her
worthy of admiration and honor. The selfish creat
ure, man or woman, who reaches old age havlne
achieved ease by shirking duty Is to be heartily
despised and not envied. Our admiration is re
served for him or for her who has done the real
work which makes the next generation able In its
turn to do its work In the country.
The President declared that s "foolish good nat
ure, a weak good nature, incapable of righteous
wrath, is almost pa unfortunate an attribute for a
citizen of this democracy as willingness to do
wrong on the. part of the" man himself." ••If. ' he
fcaWk ••joik.touvft, nut )£o\i* itt. jv>u to «trlva mau^
Maybe you had it all framed up to
get along without a light overcoat
this Spring.
Now that such ideas are smashed—
not through our fault, you'll like to
select the light overcoat from the big
gest st(x l k of the best sort to be
$1.5 to $40.
Rogers, Feet & Company.
Three Broadway Stores.
258 842 1280
at at at
Warren st 13th St. 32nd st.
Art Exhibitions and Sale*.
#TIIE Aye.
Fifth Aye.
Art Galleries
\&JJ/r> 54 ° Fifth Aye..
t^' Cor. 45th St.
MR. JAMES I*. SILO. Auctioneer.
M. Gustave Dorinlot's
Choice Collection of
Rare Chinese Porcelains,
Old Japanese Prints. Embroideries and Potteries
Superb Lacquers and Metal Work.
fully agaißSt wrr.riif. you w:'! acCOmplli •
for r:_
The President concluded as follows:
America must rise level to the Ideals of the found
ers of the nation when they started this mighty
Republic on the road of jelf-£overnm*-nt. Tl o««»
Ideals In their sum were to found hers a gov
ernment of th»» people, by th<* people. wh>*re no ono
man should wrong his > rather, where the nation
should wrong no outsider, and shuM be ab!» to
resist aggression from without. I hope to se<> this
nation play an ever growing part in the affairs of
the world It cannot play that part unless :t la
■willing to accept the responsibilities that (to with it.
\\> cannot do our first and primary duty at horn«
within our own borders unless we strive m^asur
ably to real!] certain iil«?al.«. By this I do net
mean merely to talk about th«»m at Fourth of Ju.y
c^lebratlons: to speak of them and api la the
speech, and then go home a". have neither speaker
nor hearer pract'.je what has thus virtuously been,
preached We Should say and arplaud only what
we believe in. And bavlr.K <«a!il 1". and fcavir.g ap
plauded it -when said, we should try to put It mt'>
practice. When we •;"»* of liberty. wh*Ti w«»
praise '•'■"•■ that in actual practice
w«» achieve it. When we sj»ak of fraternity, of
brotherhood. let us exercis* fi\fH for himself th=»
qualities that make for brotherhood, far fraternity.
when we speak of equality, •• us try to realtaM It
In th*» spirit of Abraham Lincoln. wb.> pojr.tr>.! out
that there was, of course, ■ certain KnM in whteii
men are not and cannot he »rjual. but who realized
by his life and his de«>ds th* profound truti; that
in the larger dens", in the r^al. the all-important
sense. there can and must b< an equality among all
men. This equality we of ... American Republic
must «<»«'k to secure amons: our fellow citizens. It
Is an equality of rights before the law; a meas
ur.ib'e equality of opportunity. s» far as w» can
secure it. for MICh man to di> the beat that th#rs In
in htm without rmlng hi s fellows, arui without
hindrance from his fellows: and finally, and most
important, it Is that equality, which we should
I>r!z» above all *lse. th»> equality of 9*lf-resf(?ct ar.ii
of mutual respect nm.ing each and all of our citi
General Horatio C. King, the secretary of th« So
ciety of the Army of tha Potomac, real a history
of the etatue. which is 1 y FYfderick MacMonnlea,
the American sculptor. U\lr.g In Paris. The statue
is at the intersection of Connecticut avenue anJ
Columbia Road, in the northwestern part of th«
city.. It Is oast tn standard brcr.z^ ar.d la fourteen
feet in height. The rider i.-» tn fMd costume, in
rei>o».» The horse !s slightly In action. In and
around the spot whera the monument stands wer«
encamped In IS6I a large part of the army which
General McClellaa commanded. Roth sides of :v: v *
pedestal are decorated with bror.7» trophies, in re-
Uef, representlnic cannon, flag*, arms. etc. At each
of th»» four corners of the baso of the* pedestal
there Is a bronze eaglf. The-«« eagles bear in their
beaks heavy K»r!antl* of oak and laurel. In brenze.
which extrr.J nrouml the four sicW of the pedestal.
Major General Daniel K. Sickles. I". S. A. tr*
tir.vii. from his home In New York, sent a letter
of regrsl a* not botns able to come because of an
Indisposition, and declared that no commander <- ' -
joyed miro th» confidence" of his troops than Gen
eral McClellan.
Major General (>. O. Howard. T. S. A. (retired),
followed the President In a warm tribute to his
former friend. General M<*CleUan, whose, acquaint
ance he mad* back hi UM After some personal
reminiscences he referred to McCtottan's relief from
the command by Bunutde; ami quoted the*** words
of McCleUaa to the following effect: "Burnslda
Is a purs lean anil a man of Integrity of purpose,
and such a man cannot go far astray." General
Howard said:
First. McClellan was an able and ,t good officer,
much nettled at the tine of hi* self»otlon for tha
great work that he inaugurated; second. h«> wns a
thoroughly loyal man, loyal to the cans* of th*
Union, and remained so: third, he was a very
complete gentleman, sincere hi his convictions of
duty, and »cld«dly Christian in his religious im
pulses and conduct.
He declared that. In his jBMSJBBMIt, BfeCMBBB
"performed his part." and It was an essential pr,%
"in the preservation of the American Union."
General Qrenvttls M. Podge. V. S. V.. because ••>•
Illness, was unable to be present. His address mi
read In part by General Kin*. It was a defence of
th.> policy adopted at the beginning of the Civil
"War of placing at the head of the Union armies
one commander In chief to control their CAmpaltrns
and movements In the field. He said General Mc-
Olellan saw th« necessity of having one head, and
that if ills policy had been continued, or if ther<»
had been one hmd for the Western armies and
one for th« Kastern armies, It would have shown
far different and more effective results than were
accomplished with Independent commanders. This
policy, h« declared, had been often advised and as-
F."-tr'(i by Genera] Grant. General IV>ds* declared
that th« great work of General McClellan in
pnnizina. equipping and disciplining the Army
the Potomac had never been fully appreciated. :»
that to him was due great credit for the eonttnu.
efficiency of the- Army of Ins Potomac throughout,
the war.
The benediction by the Rev. William, R. Jenvev.
archdeacon of Jersey City, and th«» playing 1 of "My
Country. "Tls of Thee," by the bund, closed th« em
The past year witnessed a world
wide shrinkage In the value or secur
ities. On the listings of American
exchanges alone the depreciation
In stocks and bonds was over
two billion dollars.
This sum represents a heavy loss
to the investing public, a loss easily
avoided by choosing a non-fluctuating
investment of the class always avail
able through this company.
If you would like absolute security
for your funds and the highest return
consistent therewith, call or write.
Capital and Surplus, - $11,000,000
176 Broadway. New York.
175 Remacn St.. 1M Montague St.. Brook^i

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