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MEMBERS OF THE IMMIGRATION COMMISSION, MOST OF WHOM WILL SAIL FOR EUROPE THIS MONTH.
ft was authorized by Congress last session to aid in the efforts to restrict further the arrival of undesirable immigrants on these shores The members are: Front row, from left te
riant— Senator A C Latimer S C" Senator H. C. Lodge. Mass.; Senator W. B. Dil hngham. Vt., chairman: Representative B. F. Howell, N. J.; Cnarl-s P. Neill. Commis:
cf Labor. Back'row, left to right— W. R. Wheeler, Cal.; Professor J. W. Jenks, Cornell University; Morton R. Crane, Mass., Secretary; Representative W. S. Be —
Waiter W. Husband, clerk to the commission; Representative J. L. Burnett, Ala. i
iFrom The Tribune Bureau.)
AN IMI'OKTAXT TASK.
immigration Commission to Ascer
tain Conditions in Europe.
[Prom Ttio Trlbtinf ritir.-:m !
Washington, May 4 The President was .111
thorixt'i by the immigration bill passed at the
last session <>f Congress to enter into agreem< nts
with foreign nations for the purpose of prevent
ing immigration into the LTnited States of ali. r.s
who are not entitled, un.i- r the restrictions im
posed by the laws of this country, to enter our
ports. Congress also provided for the creation
pf an immigration commission with authority
to visit foreign countries, there to ascertain the
conditions affecting emigration. The scope of
the Inquiry which this commission has under
take n is exceedingly broad, but the most Im
portant responsibility which rests upon it will
be the preparation of a report which will serve
c.s a guide to the President in i>< rfe< ting the
iigr< ' menta contemplated.
Ali st for< ign countries are willing and ready to
00-operate with the United States to prevent
bringing to the ports of this country immigrants
«*h.. an? ineligible to entry and who are liable
"/■ b< returned at once or subsequently deported
A few are believed to be adverse to such a
( « [Jut to verifj thei c beliefs and to de
vise ] tl . ■:..:■ by tli .. - ■ ■'■ « 'th
th< . test conveniei to 1 an I
the I • ; ible hardship to would-b<
C rants will bi th( first wi rk ol th< li uigration
( !i ■
T! . ri Imllrs of the roramls - w i'h the ex
reptioi of Senator Lodi c IT ■■'•■ 1 J« • '■■ Ri •'
Mi N will sail t '■■ 1 rope tin uttei p:u I <>f
tl • :.ili. or •ai li< rif st<
1 1 be si cun d. Senator \<
nieni are uncei tain, although he wil h the
' ers of the cotni
1! ■ affairs will permit. M- ?i N.
j. : 1 .-, ill rem tin h< c, ai ■! will di - te tin m-
Bolvts to th( mMlng and pn ; 1 tl nof sta
• id ration, the dis] ition of
1- : .:-...-. ;s. etc, which it is desired to make a
pai ■ ,t he !■:;•.! r. j,,,rt.
Among the questions which Messrs. Jenks anil
Nc-ni will t:iko ip will be the character of Immi
grants from various European countries, the
d.-^r. < r,f success nd thrift which attend their
efforts here, theii distribution, the alii ■■'■ con
gestion In the principal cities, the possibility of
their more general distribution, their avail
ability as agricultural laborers, the demand for
labor In the Southern and Far Western states,
etc. As has been demonstrated by the diversity
of opinions expressed by various writers on the
subject of Immigration, there exists n wide lati
tude of views on the desirability of immigrants
of the various nationalities, nd an effort will
b»- made to asci rtain the fact In this respect.
nnd to substantiate them with an amount if
evidence which must be accepted as indubitable.
The members of the commission who will go
abroad will take with them the secretary and
other attaches, and will go directly to Italy,
from which country a large number of immi
grant:-: now come. The itinerary, which is
largely tentative and subject to change as closer
conta< ; with foreign conditions may seem to
warrant, includes an inspection of conditions at
Genoa. Naples, Palermo and Messina. From
Italy the commission will go to Fiume, In Aus
tria-Hungary, where the government is under
stood practically to have sudsidized a steam
ship line to bring immigrants to this country.
Trieste will also be visited, and it is probable
that a visit will be pa-id to Odessa, in Southern
Russia, from which point a line of steamers to
New York has recently been established. The
commission will then go north to Riga and
I,ib:iu, from which points the Russian govern
ment Is understood to be promoting emigration
to the United Slates. Ham;", the port from
which emigrants from St. Petersburg embark*
mill also ba vUMjvL. and it la entirely probable.
NEW- YORK DAILY. TRIBUNE, SUNDAY. MAY 5. 1907.
that the inspection will Include Kishinev, Kief
and Tchernigo, from which points come most of
the Russian Jews.
A visit t> Poland and to Tyidz and Warsaw,
in Russian Poland, Is under contemplation.
Alotik the German frontier :ire several "control
stations," where emigrants desiring to sail from
German ports are subjected to an examination
by German officials. These will doubtless !»■
inspected. Other points to be visited in North
ern Europe are Rotterdam, in the Netherlands,
iind Antwerp, in Belgium. The immigration
ELECTRIC LIGHT IN THE TOMBS OF THE KINGS OF THEBES.
One of the picturesque results of Lord Cromer's work in Egypt. This mummy, representing
Amenophis II of the 18th dynasty, is in a saracophagus. The chamber is a considerable
depth under ground and is richly decorated with paintings on wall, pillars and ceiling. In
a side chamber are three other mummies representing a man, a woman and a child.
from the Scandinavian countries is so generally
satisfy • rj thai it is unlikely their ports will
be Insjipi ted. Th mm n will th< n proceed
to I "ram ••. \ I iting Havre, Marsi ill
i ibly •■■ • ■ poini If time permits visits w ill
.:!■•• l- ■ paid tv tendon, Liverpool, Hull, South
• h and I mblin.
Thi' question: whi h will be taken up In 11
com i ','■ ■ hablj by the whole coi
' • ..•..: the entrance over th <
and M< xlcan boundari ■ : I 9 who
have been rejected a! lh< regular port of entry.
Honx difficulty in this respect is being experi
cm id with J:i| rhinami n, and it has
re ct titl ■ ■ • !. •• 1 ■!' the imml jra
tii.n officials thai tnai ■ ; : ma who have been
rejected by American consuls abroad have sailed
lor Vcra Cruz, Mexico, presumably with Uic
purpose of slipping over the boundary. By
agreement with the Canadian officials. United
States inspectors examine immigrants landing
at Montreal with a view to determining their
eligibility to entry into the United States, and it
is regarded as probable that some similar ar
rangemenl <-.:t> be made with Mexico.
The commission will also make an earnest ef
fort to devise some method whereby the history
of would-!-' immigrants from foreign countries
may be ascertained, as the administration is
determined that persona with criminal records in
th(!r otvii com trii t • all rot !nn«l in the United
Stati s. The propositions before the commission
are extensive, some ><( them difficult, and it b
... 'i .!■- doubtful if it « an complete its work
for several years, but il ia ;: ;• ::<!• <l thai when II
shall have l .-, r. rompleted it will have compiled
• ori which shall serve for >ci;s as a com
pl< ■ and accurate encyclopedia of immigration
! i ;. n.
M< i bera of the commission who have Ion.;
Riven !■!!<!■ time ;.i:d study to immigration
problems express themselves as greatly pleased
with the personnel '",' the commission. They say
>! • then . i • member ol the commission who
i-; "afraid ol a fai t." a condition which they
■ t.> be rathei unusual The utmost har
monj has prevailed in the deliberations thiii.
far, utiii lUi u.i« unanimous in Un-ir desire to a*
certain every fact and to present the forma
tion they secure without fear or favor. (if
course, it is appreciated that differences of
opinion may occur when it comes to making
recommendations for legislative action, but l-oec*
plete harmony up to that time will go far to
promote the value of the commission's work.
It is generally agreed, therefor?, that the com
mission undertakes its labors under the most
favorable conditions; that it has ample author
ity to go to the bottom of all questions, ns well
as a. disposition to do so. and it is declared that
everything augurs well for the accomplishment
of a work which will prove Invaluable both to
the Executive and to the Congress in iheij
future dealings with immigration problems.
XOT EMI PLAUSIBLE.
J. G. I'll- If. Stokes has withdrawn his support
from the Toons Men's Christian Association be
cause in some of its classes business methods uf
a worldly description are taught.
"The association," said ilr. I'helps Stokes re
cently, '•attempts to give good reasons for
teaching the tactics of Wall Street. It at
tempts to reconcile such ttachin^s with its
Christian character. On the whole, it fa;!s in
"It fails like the huckster who attempted to
account for the miserable condition of lib; hi-rse.
" 'Why,' said a woman to the man. "your
horse is a living skeleton. Don't you tvtr ftej
"'Feed him?' said the huckster. 'Well, that's
a good one. that is. Why, he's got two bushels
of oats and a ton of hay at home now, only he
ain't got time to eat 'em.' "
THEY WERE PROPERLY WORN.
Mrs. Hwfa Williams talked at a dance in Nevr
York about the fashion of riding astride that
has taken hold of English equestriennes.
"Some of our young English women," sai<i
Mrs. Hwfa Williams, "dress out-and-out fcke
men. They wear a long coat cut like a hunting
coat, a cap, riding breeches and top boots. It
is a handsome costume, and it is not immodest,
but undoubtedly it attracts a good deal of at
They have been telling in I>indon ■
stor>- about an Baglioh girl who has .
this riding rig. Pullir.sr uj> her horse oru a'ter
noon. she said to a.n artLsan who was :
'• "fan you tell me it" this is the way la
"The man looked her over carefully
touched his cap in a respectful wnnm r
"'Yep. miss, jos- yoa seen I 1 '»w g< I
all right." "
Dr. Edward Everett Bale at the divorce re
form congress in Washington said of certain
"The apologies put forward for these laws re
mind me of the apology that a gourmet Bishop
once made during Lent.
"The Bishop happened to sit at dinner beside
an irreverent young woman. He ate his oysters,
and then, with flashing eyes, a heightened color
and every Indication of enjoyment, he fill to
upon a plat« of rich turtle soup.
"The young woman, watching the Kishop
swallow this costly food, could not restrain a
■• 'I thought,' she said, 'that you fasted daring
•"The i:»l.>p put down his spoon and allowed
his face to become pensive.
•• 'Ah. 1 do fas* in Lent.' tie said. "I subsist
chiefly on fish." Be swallowed a lump f an at
worth about ball a dollar. Turtle," he added,
'is a kind of tlsh." "
English, French Etchings
OF IBTII COTI'RY.
MEZZOTINTS. PHOTOS AMI CARBONS
OF HI KI'UOI'EAX GALLERIES*.
2 West 2Sth St. GEORGE BUSSE.