Newspaper Page Text
Before LONG be EXTENDED to 3 0 0 [
■■'■ ~cs by MEANS of RUBBISH •*- J
— ♦-? •— jfcat..
Those who in the last four years have come
.-•i the great tilling In work at Riker's
(in affront lo the olfactory or
comfort In the fact that
rk now going forward under the"
I rtmenj of Docks and Fer
ries te • ■.•:•:- ted • ■ g, , ,-ieanlng
In work the oomfbg sum
in even greater Riker's Island than was
' four y.-u the arork of enlarging
ed to an extension on
This extension Includes about
' ress. and has raised the total area
: res. The new extension
• made on the eastern sid« of the
out one hundred and fifty
■ original Island with
To complete this new
■•• probably about five more
ncr Craven of the Department of !
Street Cleanins; said the other day thet. so far |
ns ;hp work of his department was concerned.
the starting of the new- extension depended en
tirely upon the progress made by the Depart
ment of Dorks and Ferries on the new stone
crib which 1 now being la.d to Inclose the new
extension. Work on this crib, which Is nothing
tat a great seawall of loose stones, designed to
Keep within bounds the refuse of which the new
extension is to be made, has proceeded well
Many extensive stretches of it are already in
place, and it is not expected to take a lons
time to fill the remaining gaps. As soon as it is
completed the work of filling in will begin
The work of the Street Cleaning Department
In the making of the original extension to the
Island which Is now nearlng completion lias
been an interesting one. It is safe to say that
of the number of persons who know In a gen
eral and in most cases unfavorable way of the
work which has been going forward for four
years at Hiker's bland only a few have any
adequate idea of the mass of material which
has gone Into the making of the addition to th«
island. Figures In the records of the Street
Cleaning Department serve not only to throw
light on what has already been done, but also to
afford an adequate Idea of what the work on
the new extension will mean.
SOME BIG FIGURES.
For Instance, the department reports show
that of ashes and street sweepings, which are
declared by the department to be the only ma
terial used for filling purposes at the island,
there has been deposited:
In 19C2 578.681
In IJ>>-'3 1.2<Jf1.5r.S
In ISM.. 1.418.893
It. 160S 1.726.!a2
In 3&"6 t.eoi.tta
Total «, go
According to A, De Wilde, superintendent of
the bureau of final disposition of the depart-
ANOTHER REBELLION IN INDIA FEARED
White Judges, Bankers. Mer
chants and University Pro
fessors Enrolling a.s Pri
vates in, the Volunteers.
Japan's treaty of alliance with Great Britain
contains a pledge of her armed assistance In the
event of any foreign invasion of India. It Is
silent, however, on the subject of any peril
through rebellion. The latter Is a far more
serious and Immediate danger. Internal strife,
disorganization, political as well as admin
istrative, and a condition of economic chaos de
structive to national credit abroad will effectu
ally prevent the Muscovite Empire from at
tempir:g to invade India for many, many years
to come. But the possibility of another rising
of the natives throughout India such as that
which occurred exactly fifty yean ago Is by no
means so remote.
There are many, fndeed, who consider It as
Imminent, and Its probability was called to the
attention of the American public the other day
In a somewhat startling fashion by a dispatch
from Lahore, the capital of the Punjaub, stat
ing that the unrest and disaffection among the
Hindoos and their open hostility toward the
English had attained such a pitch that most of
the white people there had enlisted In the local
volunteers, not as officer?, but as privates,
among them being Judges of the Supreme Court,
Ilveislty professors, high government officials,
leading bankers and merchants, all of them im
pelled thereto by a sense of the urgent necessity
of adopting some organized means for the pro
tection of their families and their homes.
What ■ recurrence of the misnamed "Mutiny"
of half a century ago would mean can best be
gathered from the fact that the native popula
tion of India exceeds 300,000,000, a« compared
"frith the mere handful— than 200,000— 0f
Englishmen, who are liable to be overwhelmed
By sheer force of numbers. True, the British
tuthorltlcs, while admitting the animosity of
the Hindoos, profess to be able to depend upon
the loyalty of the Moslems. But the latter con
stitute only about one-fifth of the population.
and, moreover, are as likely as not to Join In the
struggle of Asia for the Asiatics when the hour
fitrlken for the celebration of the Golden Jubilee
anniversary of the great rising of 1867 by an
ther attempt to emancipate the Deccan from
That cry of Asia for the Asiatics was first
started by the Japanese, who have taken tho
leading part in fostering the Pan-Asiatic move
ment throughout the length and breadth of
Asia, In India, is also in China, in Tonkins: and
In the Philippines. The Mikado's government
tvouM find it difficult, therefore, under the cir
cumstances, to contribute to the suppression of
a rising for which his people would have been
partly responsible, while the sympathy of the
Japanese masses would be altogether In favor
-f the rebels, in fact, many a thoughtful Eng
lishman, alive to the likelihood of a revolution
in ,£!♦'' '* " Wn « hlmself tO - da what would
a" ~1 !£? ** the va!ue " f Grea t Britain's
swan « with Japan.
POINTS OF DIFFERENCE.
I-dVvT'vT'T' *»* 1 Insurrection In
Ind a •**« **r from that of half a
wnturv aeo T h. i. fOm that of half a
rhank. to Lo rd Kitchener, who
defences of Hindustn he 7 *"*
dtopoMd and equipped ti t 6 T *°
can be moved from on-T r£ \? rsglmentsr s glments
rreat rapidity, In fact, t^ T ,*"" WUh
of the railroad and t^graph £sTe m "T^
King Edw«nT. huge throUßhoUt
£4 to treble th« efflig or ms 2** ™ & " be
Pared with condition. in 1857 r '° r ' ' as C°'"
authorities are In , measure' f^S V'"
&f. whereas the great Mutiny, which son, V
jrecked Irtish rule m India bum upon y e
English M h on y unexpected* ,„„ Xn , £
»V thereof reached England „? !
l<<-** after the outbreak. It found the g o^ rn
£« ™* the nation In the act of ■*££.
«• centennial of Lord Olive* great victory at
BUILDING THE STONE CRIB TO HOLD
THE FILLING IN.
ment of Street Cleaning:, the cost to the city of
delivering and unloading this material at
Kikt-r-8 Island has been estimated at 23 cents a
cubic yard, making the total cost to the city
for nil material filled In there bo far $1,470,-
Some Interenting comparisons have been made
which serve to give a good idea of the amount
of material represented by the department's
Ogures. FV>r Instance, the total deposit of 6.3U2 -
£30 cubic yards represents 172,080.700 cubic
feet. If this v r:v nrranged In cubes, each a foot
long, a fool wide and a foot high, and these
2.'ffso lald end to end - th;j >' would form a line
• ■-.«»NS miles long. This would girdle the earth
- l -,\o •'V' rtt " r :lnd tlf tlle ~~ B<J lllllliS remaining
....4S miles could be used in a strip laid between
.N.-w fork and rokohama, by way of San Fran
cisco. Of the 4.".s miles still remaining if 431
miles uere laid between New York and Pitts
burg. there would yet b»> a iktle strip which
would reach from the New York City Hall t«>
The work o.i the Riker's Island extension Is
divided into two distinct classes, of which that
performed by a huge travelling belt or conveyor
is the most Interesting. Around the c,i Be s of
the extension the work of Oiling in has been
done by means of Tin cars. The filling of the
Interior of the extension has been done how
evw. almost entirely by the big travelling belt.
Thw conveyor is said by Its owners and oper
ators, the O'Rourke Engineering Construction
Company, to be one of the largest of Its kind
In the world. It is thlrty-Bix ii. ."■-.
and about two thousand foet long. Receiving
the n.ateri.il as it comes from the s ows, after
having passed through a big hopper, the belt
takes .t out over the new made land of the Isl
and to it spot a thousand feel from The point of
unloading, ami there discharges It Into a tripper
Here It passes over a short belt, to be shot high
MR. DHUNJIBHOY BOMANJI.
Type of the educated native of India to-day. He
is a naval contractor, and employs the great
est number of skilled and unskilled laborers
in Bombay harbor. — Tl.e Hphare.
Plasney, which may be nald to have begun the
British control of Hindustan.
It was. Indeed, at the very moment when
speeches were being- delivered throughout the
United Kingdom vaunting the fact that India
wa« b'-lng so administered as to content the
natives that the people suddenly were made
aware of the fact that thousands of their coun
trymen were being massacred in the most ap
palling fashion, and that England's power In
India seemed doomed. Even In India itself the
English civil and military authorities were tak«n
by nurprise. True, some of them had been
alarmed by the, mysterious distribution through
out the entire peninsula of millions of little, un
leavened cakes chunattles, they were called -
amoriK the \>< <-ple. They were passed around
by unknown hands, and to this day the govern
ment has been unable to obtain any clew as to
who baked or disseminated them. Equally at
sea are the authorities as to the precise mes
sage which they wrro Intended to convey, al
though the simultaneous outbreak of the Insur
rection Immediately afterward in various parts
Of India far distant from one another has led to
the conviction that they constituted some kind
of a prearranged 6lgnal for the great rising.
Every endeavor has been made during the last
fifty years to ascertain the exact nature of the
connection of these chunattles with the rising,
but without success. In fact, it must be classed
among those many mysteries of the Orient
which the white races apparently find it Impos
sible to unravel.
Another difference between the conditions of
1857 and those of 1907 is to be found in the
increased knowledge among the natives of Eng
lish and foreign affairs, and in their possession
of many of the advantages In the way of mili
tary training and armament, of Western science
and methods of organization which formerly the
English alone possessed In India. High explo
sives, for instance, and all the achievements and
discoveries of the realm of chemistry are Just as
familiar to the educated Hindoo as they are to
the European scientist. In fact, the Intellectual
Inferiority of the native, which placed bo many
advantage In the hands of the English in form
er times, has ceased to exist.
It Is the BflfUsfa themselves who are respon
nlble for this state of affairs. Ever since the
Mutiny they have been endeavoring to expand
the area of English education in India, and In
DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY, }fAY 5. 1907.
ln the air, falling In a great shower over th*
hollows and depressions of the Island.
FILLER SETTLES SOON.
The iiig conveyor Is swung In a seml-clrcle in
a mains of one thousand feet from the point of
unloading;, and is now on Its second trip across
the Island. The nveriße depth of the deposit
mad i by the conveyor on each of these trips
across the island is about thirty feet. To 1 1 1 •- un
initiated th>' idea of depositing material <<> such
■ ' depth, In some places fully thirty feet ainj-.f
ih<- level of the original Island, appears absurd,
hut the ni>-n on the work know better. The
Riker's Island Riling material i* such light, un-
Btable sniff that it settles rapidly.
Superintendent Joseph H. Fuller, In charge of
Ihe work !»-inn done i>\ ih»> conveyor, nays the
deposit settles about .■«• per cent, and It is t,>
allow for this shrinkage fhat the flu is made
to such a depth. Rains anil tires, by means of
which preui plies of boxes, barrels, old beds
and other luHkv material are destroyed, are
every successive generation an Increasing num
ber of natives has been Initiated through the
Englißh language and literature Info v new
world of thought The main result -.f this has
been to breed In them ;i "-pint of revolt - •
the political ascendancy <>f the race u> whose
superiority In the r.-a'm.s .if know edgi they no
longer yield homage. In sue word, v.
cation and knowledge have had the <
pairing that j.r^st!«:<- by ■• I the British
have been able to maintain their control <iwr
those ,'l<io.<x><i,<«n> '. natives who at heart all ie
flt-nt the domlnatli n of the white man.
This prestiffo has been now •■ itroyrd
by the manner In which Japan thai
say, a relath ■ ■ lon— h i*
destroyed tha mllitarj powei I ■ -■ Rus
sian Knit,;:.-. ;•■ lied the W
nations reluctant lj to ret-ugnlze hei as one ri(
the great powers. Aslatl< belief In ih>- superi
ority, militai '■ and Iniellectua
man hu» ceased to exlsi • • the : .-.i.- of
Portsmouth, ■n\ the conviction thai ih< \-:
atio Is nor merei) the equal, bul even
perlor, of his European and American brothers
is being continual!) Impressed upon the mind*
of the Jniliun people v. ihe native press, which
Is bitterly hostile t<» England, and bj those im-
OfllCiS 1 JaPfl '.' -■ :■ • .1 :.■ II .;
all over the Deccan fostering the spirit of revolt
The question will naturally arise, Brst, as to
how all thin can be reconciled with Hi,- ]>!"
fesslons of loyalty on the part of the native
princes of India: and, secondly, what the reason
can bo fur this bitter animosity, since, after all,
India is much more prosperous under the English
than In the days when it was the scene of devas
tating wars among tha rival emperors, kings and
: rajahs. In the first place, Asiatics, no matter
what their creed, <lo not consider themselves
bound to keep faith with a whit« man. Indeed.
i the, only promises kept are those verbal ones
; made by the Chinese merchants, who are
prompted in the matter by the knowledge that
, the keeping of their verbal engagements adds
! to their financial and mercantile, credit to .such
f a degreo us to constitute a valuable asset.
CATJSES OF HATRED.
As for th* cause of the hatred of the native
princes and people for the English, it is, tirst
and foremost, In the blood. The Asiatic, n>>
what his creed, his hue or his particular
country, abhors the white races. Formerly this
animosity was blended with fear. To-day it Is j
mingled with contempt. That the gulf between j
the East and West will ever be bridged no one I
who has lived in the Orient will for one moment i
believe. Lord Curzon, Lord Cmmor, Sir Robert j
Hart, Sir Ernest Batow. Baron yon Brandt— \
indeed, all those who have resided the longest >
in the East find who have made the closest
study of its conditions -are tho most convinced
of the Impossibility of attaining that under- j
standing of the Asiatic character and mind
which is essential to real sympathy and friend- j
ship between the two races. Lord Curzon. in j
the memorable speech which he delivered at the j
Guildhall, in London, on the occasion of his j
being presented with the freedom of the city. ,
I drew attention to this when he remarked. "And j
who is there that can fathom the unfathomable
workings of the Oriental mind?" while Sir Rob- j
crt Hart, who has spent nearly half a century ',
at Peking, where he has enjoyed the highest
rank that was In the power of the Chinese to
bestow, has confessed again and again Ujat the i
longer he lived In China the more did he become |
convinced of the Impossibility of his ever arriv
ing at a comprehension of the native traits of i
thought and character.
Then, too, the English, though Imbued with
the best of intentions, have managed to offend
the natives at every step, even when endeuvor
ing to benefit them. Thus there are few
Hindoos who have not been savagely Irritated
by the precautions which European science
thinks Indispensable to check the progress of
the bubonic plague, which still continues to
slay the natives by the thousands every month.
The precautions include segregation and the re
moval of the afflicted to hospitals for treatment.
This removal offend* the d«ar«st prejudices of
largely responsible for this shrinkage In the
stuff used In the filling. These fires smoulder a
long time, and In many spots on the island the
smoke can Btlll be seen working its way to the
surface of the new land laid above them per
haps months ago. As this burning goes on the
material beneath gives way and the material
above slowly settles.
In the building of the new extension thft
"crib -> or stone wall designed to retain the till
ing is to be more substantial than that about
the extension on which work Is now In prog
ress. The old crib w »ih built of timber and tli»-n
filled in with loose stone. The new crib is bulk
entirely of stone, without the use or" Umbers
Theie Is only one hotel on ih« greater Hiker's
Island. The Italians employed on the work who
live there call It •'Motel de Bum." and Its looks
certainly de not l>«»ll«» the name.
Heautlful word pictures of the Rlker's Island
of the future are painted by officials of tin
Street cleaning Department and the contract
ors, (nit the fact remains that «t present, with
it m yawning valleys <>f marshland und its inoun-
th» respectable classes, their love of privacy,
their respect for their women, their nervous
anxiety about their ceremonial purity, their re
llgtous feeling, their special Ideas >•.' honor,
iheir routed superstitions and, above all. their
prejudices ■■■ caste. In (act. these rules, Insti
tuted by the English fur the arrent of the
plague are as offensive to the natives as orders
that the last sacrament should be refused to
"•■ dying and Christian burial denied to the
dead would be to the poor In a Roman Catholic
country in Southern Europe.
MANY OTHER IRRITANTS.
Tins difference of opinion between the English
authorities in India and the natives on the sub
j-.t of .he. plague li only on« of ...any thousand
points on Hhl. t, th,- O-ient and the Occident are
in linpelOH; disagreement with one another, and
where there is no possibility of any understand
i«iK evvr taking place, and where matters are
bound In the natural order of things to go on
from bad to worse, until they culminate In a
' i:..«h. An.l thwre Irreconcilable differences are
constantly being exploited and fostered by the
native press; to which Is allowed an almost ln
- .edible amount of license, and which, especially
since the defeat of Russia by Japan. has never
. lost an opportunity or pointing out tha supe
ilorlty of the Asiatics to the Europeans, and
consequently the ability of the people of India
to put an en.l to the alleged misrule and tyranny
of th« English: Nor do these utterances fail
on deaf ear*. For there is scarcely an English
man returning from India who does not speak
; with bitterness of the studied Insolence on the
part even of the lower classes in India to which
every one in Hittdoostan who has a white skin
is now compelled to submit.
As for the contention on the part of the author
; ities in India that In the event of any trouble
l with the Hindoos they would be able to depend
: upon the Mahometan element, their views on th 8
subject art- disputed by many of tho recently re-
turned officers and civilians, especially by those
KnglMinwn who have been living In Moslem com
munities. Though the Asiatics may differ In creed
and be imbued with religious animosities toward
one another, they are united as Asiatics In their
hatred of the white man. Moreover. Moslem
restlessness In Northern Africa and In Egypt
which has given Lord Cromer so much concern
and anxiety, is spreading to India, where a
feeling Is slowly gaining ground that Knglami
Is no longer the faithful friend and supporter ;
of the Moslem ruler at Constantinople, but that
she is engaged in an attempt to oust him from
his control over Mecca, and to gain possession
Of Arabia. >
How the Moslems regard the Sultan is Illus- !
rated by the remark made some time ago by
an Egyptian veteran captain in discussing En
glish rule In the Land of the Nile. He readily
admitted all the benefits conferred by the ad- !
ministration of Lord Cromer. the safety of life
and property due to English rule, and the phe
nomenal prosperity of his native land, attribut- '
able to Great Britain, yet when questioned as to j
the possibility of reconciling his sense of grati- ;
tude and friendship for the English with his :
devotion to Islam, and the part which the latter
might be expected to play in the event of any
native rising against the English In Egypt, he
remarked quietly but distinctly. "If the .Sultan
commanded, we should kill every unbeliever be
tween the rising and the setting of the sun."
And if the 60.000,000 Moslems In India were for
one moment to believe that the interests of
their faith demanded the expulsion of the En
glish from the country, or If they were to re
ceive directions to that effect from those whom
they look upon in the light of their spiritual
superiors, they might be depended upon to "kill
every unbeliever between the rising and the
setting of the sun." Under the circumstances. It
Is unwise to depend upon the loyalty of the
Mahometans of India to the English In the
event of a Hindoo rebellion, and. prompted by
racial prejudice and religious sentiments, they
are much more likely to be found fighting again
under the rebel flag, as In the great mutiny of
1867, of which England, and perhaps India, in
now about to celebrate the golden Jubilee.
RUBBI9H FROM THE SCOW 9 BEING
DUMPED UPON THE LONG CON
tains of street sweepings and ashes. It Is any
thing but a beauty spot.
"But wait a few years." sty Its builders. "The
time will yet come when New York will be
Justly proud of Hiker's Island."
STATEN ISLAND SMOKE.
Efforts to Abate X nuances Created
by Jersey Factories.
Northern Statrn Island's Anti-Smoke League,
the Hoard of Health and representatives of the
Standard oil Company and other interests on
Constable Hook and Ilergen Point are to meet
this v.eek to find some way of saving the north
shore of Staten Island from the bUghttusj influ
ence of the smoke and fumes from the Jersey
shore. The north shore of the Island was at
one tim»» s beautiful residence district. The
shady roads, green lawns, slopln? beach and
One view to ths north made it one of the most
desirable of the anally accessible places for the
hems loving New Yorker. The prospect north
ward was unrivalled rs a harbor view. In the
dajs when Krastus Wiman built his residence
there New York City could t*> seen clean cut
against the Bjßrtbera. sky. There were no dense
clouds of SflSOkS to Obscure the modest struct
ures of ths New York of thai period, and old
Trinity's spire could be clearly seen. The great
ocean st tamers could be followed with the eye
up Into the maze of oraft on the North River.
Then came a change. Industry crowded Us
way to the New Jersey neck of land between
Newark Bay and New York Hay. First one
great factory, theu another arose. This strip
of land was an admirable shipping and receiv
ing place. The men of business saw this ad
vai:tago and grasped It. They may have seen
the beauty of tha north shore of Staten Island,
it may have appealed to their eesthetlc sense.
But it could nut count In their computation of
cost when the \ahie of the factory locations
van considered. Now the north shore residents
have organized for protection, and have secured
the aid of the greater city In their crusade.
One of the residents on the north shore of
States Island said last week that their crusade
wtis not alone based on aasthetlo Ideas, but also
<m the preservation of property Interests. The
AUGMENTING RACE ANTAGONISM. *
Pagoda, being carried In a Mahometan religious procession of th© natives in Durban last month,
•elrod by mischievous white boys and thrown Into the river.
._ , — Illustrated London New*.
nntl-smoke league there represents from twelve
thousand to fifteen thousand persons. To show
how property has deteriorated the wiman
estate was cited, it cost Mr. Wiman $4r>.<>r>o.
Including the house. The Btaten Island Club
purchased the property f>>r $14,<hk>. n was said
that the advance Of realty In other parts of the
island, if used as a basis, should have Increased
tin- value ef the Wiman property I<n> n<.-r cent.
Perhaps Ihe most aggressive <>f the league
members Is Bamue] Holcombe Bvms. Mr. Kvins
was. at one time an assistant corporation coun
sel. He has SSSHC IntSiI with him Mayor Mc-
Clellan'* personal counsel, Eugene Richards.
They learned quickly that they could get at the
Jersey smoke nuisance without going to the
federal courts, for the Jersey industries ha\>
offices In this city. The tight will be brought
here, and the league is sanguine of success.
The league went about its crusade in a sys
tematic way. It first interested the Board of
Health. There It found hearty support. A
remedy to correct the abuse was sought and sev
eral devices were found te answer. The one the
league believes will be the most effective for
each class of vapors from the factories is a tall
chimney, with a smoke washing device. The city
has promised to endeavor to indict the com
panies responsible for the nuisance, unless they
agree to use corrective measures. It is believed
that they will do this when the full force of the
movement on the island Is understood and felt.
The Standard OH Company is probably the
leading violator of the smoke laws. Former ef
fors to influence the company failed, but it
is helieved now that with the influence back
of the present orusade. the league will receive
ready assurance of compliance with its object.
A conference with the Standard Oil and other
Interests will be held this week, according to
present plans. Should no corrective agreement
be reached, the Board of Health will ai once order
prosecutions. The Staten Islanders are pre
pared to proceed to every legal limit for protec
tion, but would much prefer to have the whole
matter settled out of court.
THE HELP QUESTION.
Rolllngstone Nomoss. In one of his journeys
stopped at the door of a suburban house, and when
•the "lady of the house" responded to his knock,
"Can you oblige me with a little help, lady?"
"No." was the response. "Tin afraid not. An
my help loft this morning. It's very hard to set
h«u> in tha suburbs."— PhlladalDhia Record.
FOR .MORAL KMVATTOX.
National Movement May Be Started
by Ethical Culturists.
The leaders of the ethical culture movement and
many well known educator* Interested ln moral In
struction, will gather In New York this week to at
tend the convention of the American Ethical Union
and a series of conferences on moral education. The
convention, which will be held at the Invitation of
the New York Society for Ethical Culture, will
be opened on Thursday evening. May 9. at th©
Ethical Culture School, with addresses by Dr.
Felix Adler and Professor K. K. A Seligman and
others, ami wi!l continue until Sunday. May 12.
The Friday sessions, beginning at 3 a. m. with a
May festival by the children, will be devoted to a
consideration of vital problem* of th»» ethical
movement, a business meeting and a dinner and
reception at night. ASSBSSJ the shakers on these
two days will be Professor Earl Barnes. Professor
Nathaniel Schmidt, of Cornell; Presrssst Morris
R. Cohen, of Columbia University: Julius Henry
Cohea. William M. BaM of Chicago; S. Burns
Weston. of Philadelphia: Perelval Chubb. Leslie
Willis Sprague and lira Anna < Jar! in Spencer.
The roiif,- r m on Moral Kducatfon." on which
special stress has been laUl. and Is which the pub
lic Is partlrularly invited, will begin Saturday
morning at 10 o'clock, with .i consideration of "Di
rect Moral Education." C.ayionl Whit© will pre
side, and papers will be read by Professor James
R. Leuba, of Bryn Mam: Dr. John I* Elliott. Dr.
Walter I* Hery,ey. of the Department of Educa
tion, and Miss' Alice Sellgsberg. The discussion
will be led by Mrs. Miriam Sutro Price, president
of the Public Education Association, and Mies
Mary R. D.-ivls. principal of PiiMlc School 1.
The afternoon session will be on "Indirect Moral
Instruction."' which will be discussed, with Dean
Thomas M. Balltet In the chair, by Percival Chubb
Edwin D. Mead, of Boston, and others. Dr. Adle"r
will conclude the discussion.
Moral qualities demanded In political and indus
trial lift* will be considered at the Saturday even-
Ing conference. In this Congressman Herbert Par
sons. Timothy Healy. of the Stationary Firemen's
tTnlon; Professor Charles Zeublin, of the Univer
sity of Chicago, and others will take part. Th»
convention will close with a meeting In Car
negie Hall on Sunday. May I*. at 11:15 a. m.. at
which Dr. Adler. Professors Schmidt and Zeublln,
Robert Moore, of the St. Louis society, and Messrs.
Salter and Weston and Mrs. Spencer will give brief
addresses. There will also be a Sunday afternoon
meeting by the Brooklyn society at the —is
bly. In PJerrepont street, at 4 o'clock at which
a number of visiting delegates will make addresses.
While the convention Is for the general discussion
of the ethical movement, there ara many who are
looking upon the Saturday conferences on "moral
education" as being particularly significant it Is
a fairly open secret that some of the members
are hopeful that out of these conferences will grow
a great national movement for moral Instruction
In the schools that will be supported by many
agencies not connected with the Ethical Culture So
ciety. In connection with this Idea the great tuov» -
m«>nt for moral Instruction in England is pointed
out. This movement began with the Moral In
struction League, of which Harrold Johnson is sec
retary, which was formed on the Initiative of the
ethical societies of Great Britain.
The exertions of the league, which took ad
vantage of the discussion over the education bill
and the concession by Mr. Blrrell. Minister 3
Education, providing for non-sectarian moral In
struction In the English public schools, developed
no little public Interest. This led to th» formation
In Great Britain of a committee to Investigate a.- >
report on the status of moral education throughout
the world. This committee, headed by Michael s"
Sadler, consists of bishops, members of ParlUmont.
publicists, educators and men of affairs, and em
braces many elements not connactad with the
ethical societies. This committee has appoint *d
various persons to report on special territory. For
Instance. Gustav Splller. secretary of th» Interna
tional Ethical Union, of Berlin, has been ajwi*?-<l
to Switzerland. In this country there «3 an allied
committee consisting:, among others, of President
Nicholas Murray Butler and Dr. Adler. who a.r» in
vestigating the American field. There ar« tho#a,
therefor*, who are hopeful that the Saturday con
ferences may engender a. national movement In
this country which shall la no ser.M b» limited to
any one group of thinkers, but ratkar spread Into
a truly national idea on lines similar to tho«» in
WILL GO TO BERNAEBSVILLE, K. J.
Plans of Many Persons to Visit That
BernarasviU*. N. J.. May • (Special).— Tli* Somer
set Inn will be opened as usual for the cosstns;
George K. Gas ton. second Tlos-presld«&t oS th«
Metropolitan Ufa Insurance Comf&ny, wlii rent
his own cottage here thl3 summer, and will occupy
one of the Somerset Inn cottages.
Thomas S. OUlne. of New York, will leave th »
city In June with his family for this place, wher<»
he has had a cottage at th»» Somerset Inn for the
last ten years of more.
j Mr. and Mrs. William K. Leonard, of New York.
I who are away on^\ trip to Denver and the Pacific
Coast, will return about the middle of May. when
they close their town house to spend the summer
at their cottage at Somerset Inn.
Theodoro D. Murlbut and the Misses Hurlbut. of
I Brooklyn, are spending April at Lakewood. N. J.
I About May 1 they will return to their old Brook
lyn home, which they will, however, close about
the end of May to come here, where they have
apartments at the Somerset Inn.
Dr. and Mrs. E. B. De-ich. of New York City.
will spend the summer months tn Europe as usual.
taking ship just after th« Fourth of July. Pre
vious to sailing they will come here for Jun*.
where their daughter. Miss Catherine, is prominent
in the younger set.
Mr. and Mrs. I.eon Abbott. »ho closed their
I Jersey City house last fall and have been living at
the Marie Antoinette in New York this » ■:■"
are planning to come here about June 1.
Mrs. William Sinclair and her son. Dr. serge
Taylor, of New York, intend to make an extended
European trip, leaving; about the middle of Jaly.
Before sailing they -will spend a month or more
here, where they have apartments ir. reserve from
year to year at th» Somerset Inn.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert C. Jennings, of Jersey City.
have closed th^ir house and are living this SBrioXJ
at Lakewood. N. J. About th* middle of May the*
will come lieie. whore they will spend the summsr
at the Somerset Inn.
Mr. and Mrs. N. D. Lancaster, of New York City,
are planning to spend June and July her*. From
the Somerset Inn as a base, they will tour by auto
mobile the highlands of New Jersey and Penn
sylvania, including a visit to the Delaware Water
The large new garage which was built at th*
Somerset Inn last year will be greatly improved
this season, as a pit nas been dug in the centra
or the floor and the garage has been equipped
with electric lights.
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