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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 16, 1907, Image 3

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Representative Wiley Strongly Ad
vocates Holding the Philippines.
TFr^rr, Tt« Tribune Bur." j I
Washington. Sept. 15. — A statement enthusiasti
cally indorsing the policy of the administration in
sending the battleship fleet to the Pacific has been
made by Representative A. A. Wiley, of Alabama,
a. member of the House Committee on Military Af
fairs. In th;? statement great enthusiasm over the
retention of the Philippines is also shown. Mr.
Wiley believing that on their possession and a
—ration on the part of the United States of
an intention to establish and maintain a dominating
Ir.fl'jence on the Pacific, depend practically un
limited commercial and industrial possibilities In
the Far East, The FtAtement was prepared in re
sponse to a request of persons who expected to use
it in a campaign against the administration,
but when they learned what Mr Wiley's views
were had no sac for it. It is of particular
Interest, as It shows the trend of thought in the
South in relation to two of the most important
policies of the administration. It is a. follows:
As the question of tin- proposed movement of
th OS e battleships has not been discussed here to
a . .. considerable extent, lam unable to inform you
accurately as to "the sentiment" of the people In
bit district touching the proposition ; but as I my
te'f have some decided convictions upon the bud
-iect, I bc-£ to submit my views for your considera
tion, and in answer to your question, in the ovent
t'.at you should care to publish the same.
Deweys guns and the Paris Treaty put the phil
lTine 'islands under the sovereignty of this Re-
P'jMic. By pure* and the law of conquest they
c.ime under our flag. Public opinion and the con
science of mankind approved our action and av
plauiied our purposes We made no conquest to
exploit our colonial fellow citizen, and his welfare
demands that he be protected from foreicn and o<»
ir.estii-. Dluncier and official greed. As a stronger
nation we are bound to assist .-, weaker one. even
•nitijout assurance of material reward, and ihta un
dertaking by a brave and generous race is worthy
of the pfofc.undest Interest and consideration.
China occupies one— tenth of the world's territory,
and contains about one-fifth of tho world's popula
tion, to wit. 5»'0,000,000 people. To all the le.idln^
nations, therefore, the Celestial Empire has coma
to be a country of intense; commercial concern.
As the balk of all our cotton go*s t.> Asia. ll;<3
sgriculUiral interests of the South in the matter <>f
the establishment of Eastern markets are vital and
Fpecial. The question of more markets and better
traffic facilities should be considered in a n^n-par
tisar. spirit and in a businesslike way by every pa
triotic Citizen who hopes to ee< North America a
mistress among the commercial powers of the earth.
Through the Golden Gate, which bars oi:t the Moo-
EcHaa. a new light — tho light of Asia— is breaking:.
Our economic cry ought to be. "On to the trop.es .
Under proper conditions a rare chance Is now af
forded us to capture the opulent trade of the Orient.
When the Panama Canal is completed, connecting
th? two great oceans, the southern route to tne East
will be shortened on an average about five thou
sand miles.
Our best customers at this time are England.
France and Germany. A curtail and fixed volume
of business between this country and Europe !S
boiled to continue, with slight fluctuations, accord
ing to varying trade conditions. Most of the things
■we buy ffom or sell io these Continental nations,
whether coming in under tariff schedules or going
out Through free gates, constitute a profitable and
continuous commerce, which the whole • or.d must
ultimately use or enjoy, and trfat. too, in such in
creasing quantities as the same shall be needed from
time to time in the way of food. fuel, shelter, rai
ment and the everyday neo^sitif-s of life.
Much of our so-called "political economy" has
been more political than economic. We have b< • Q
content in Th- pats! to play second fiddle to Euro
pean countries, selling thtm our raw material at
ruch small prices as to enable them to monopolize
the Oriental markets to our own detriment. Instead
of boldly entering the "frowning lists." in the first
instance, and seizing, holding and controlling this
tremendous and valuable trade for our own benefit.
All that is necessary to attain this end, to consum
mate this purpose, is a little patient, courageous
and intelligent concert of action on the part of our
progressive cotton growers and manufacturers, our
aggressive shippers and business men.
The scheme of securing foreign markets and the
means of extending our trade relations beyond Una
Pacifc are questions, therefore, worthy of serious
When the immense natural resources of China
begin to be eloped and the habits and wants
of her people become more numerous and com
plex, as they always do in proportion to the growth
of Industrial He, a trade will be created across
the Pacific analogous to that which now goes
back and forth across the Atlantic. There is no
doubt that Japan will prove equal to her mighty
industrial [unity, and the whole world. to
some extent, will profit by the development which
cne will »et i:. motion.
England, always alive to the advantage of for
eign irar&fiis^ and already possessing 57 per cent
of the trade of the East, by her recent alliance
with Japan ■».:: occupy, in the near future sub
stantially the same vantage ground which Rus-
F:a, with such far reaching sagacity, endeavored
to acquire, and but lor the construction of the
Panama Canal and our possession of the Philip
pice Islands, she would thereby be enabled virtual
ly to cut off all commercial relations between the
United States and these Oriental countries. It is
hnsaatabaa to consider that of all of this enormous
trade the United States at this time, directly
speaking, can claim only about 13 per cent. Of
course, indirectly, we enjoy a larger percentage,
but miss entirely the profits of the "middleman"
£n<3 the cost of the ■flashed goods.
we are deliberately closing our eyes to the im
portant fact that Great Britain is now, at an im
mense cost, constructing a naval base of opera
tions near Singapore, with the manifest object in
view of extending her trade relations and pro
tecting her Oriental interests. In the light of these
■undeniable facts WOUld it be wise, if We could,
to withdraw from the Philippines?
These islands are in the very heart of the Orient,
From Manila Hong Kong ie distant 7 riA miles.
Shanghai 1.000 miles. Osaka 1.500 miles and Yoko
hama 2.000 miles. In the commercial equation
these are Important figures to bear In mind.
Around Manila, as a centre, circle nearly one
billion of people, whose trade the United States
could easily command. It Is apparent, therefore,
that the Philippine question ought to be put out
£Jd« Th» domain of partisan legislation. It is the
■art of wisdom that political agitation over that
issue should cease. These islands came to us with
out cur seeking.
We could not let them go if we desired. While
we hold them let us 6trtve to derive a. mutually
legitimate profit out of them.
we live under a federal constitution which guar
asMeaa absolute free trade between th*s different
states of the Amrfcan Union. We have established
free trade relations between the United States and'
our territorial possessions; for instance. Alaska,
Honolulu and Porto Rico, as well as our own home
territories, like New Mexico. Arizona. Oklahoma
and the Indian Territory. We have even granted
to Cuba a 30 per cent preferential rate over other
countries in her commercial dealings with our Re
public Common Justice, as well as a uniform
j)'Jt»lic policy, demands that there should no longer
be any" embargo on trade passing to and fro be
tween the United Stales and our transpacific col
onies. There should be but "one standard" used
in the application of a tariff rule to our territories.
lii» application should be made equally aud fairly
«> ill alike.
WHb free trade relations thus established be
tSMaaa The United States and the Philippine Islands
our progressive business men. transporting their
owe raw materials, could *>rect warehouses, depots
and manufactories in Manila and elsewhere In th»
islands, and by means of cheap labor weave fab
rics at such small cost as would enable them to
Daderacll all competitors.
What Japan has done In manufacturing enter
prises at Yokohama, Osaka and Kobe, and what
England has done, and will continue to do. in the
Finw industrial lines at Hong Kong and Shanghai.
the United States could readily accomplish with
commanding superiority at Manila. Iloilo. Cebu and
Jolo. in the Philippine Archipelago.
No man who has the slightest respect for his
o*n intelligence would be guilty of the folly of
attempting seriously to hold out the pretext that a
Chinaman, laboring in the far away Orient, can
ever compete with an American, either in work or
wares. Fifteen minion bales of cotton at this time
saeaa amply sufficient to supply the world, \\~lif-n
the Chinese people cease going naked, and can re
Induced to wear a single, khaki blouse per capita
each year, it will require fifty million bales si
cotton to meet necessary demands.
. God. In His Infinite wisdom, has formed the cot
ton ror.e in the South. With proper labor faculties
w< can raise in the states s-outh of the Potomac
and east of the Mississippi including Texas and
Arkansas, all the cotton the trans-Pacific people
will ever need. When &».<v>o q<y> people in Asia and
Africa begin to we shoes and areas In cotton
Clothe*, we cannot estimate what that will mean m
the creation of wealth in this country. The East
will "get busy" making shoes, and the South win
have her hands full growing cotton. .
These are not extravagant views. I ciaim tnat
they are patriotic, and know that they are in no
sense partisan.
I heijove that Manila, romantically situated on
the banks of the Pasig River, will become the most
important emporium of a vast antipodal empire— a
proud mistress commanding the opulent trade of
a billion people embraced in all those coveted
lands and seas, which for four centuries has been
the burning desire of every European state. I am
sure she will yet he the mighty entrepot tnrougii
which the kingdoms of Asia and Africa will ex
change their wealth of useful wares. The United
mates is entitled to command this vast trade, but
to do so we must maintain our supremacy upon the
Pacific Ocean. „ ,
I do not know what is the purpose of President
Roosevelt tn proposing to send a lnrge fleet of
battleships to parade in Pacific waters. Tf his ob
ject be to demonstrate to the world our ability
and determination to hold our possessions agaList
all claimants, and to protect our Oriental com
merce against all rivals, then T. 83 a Southern
Congressman, applaud his conduct, not only as
patriotic but as eminently American.
Republicans Predict Its Adoption at
Election To-morrow.
f By Tel«-|rraph to The Tribune ]
Chicago. Sept. 15. — Chicago's proposed new char
j ter will be submitted to the electors at the polls
| next Tuesday. The Republicans, under the leader
ship of Mayor Fred A. Basse and Governor Charles
P. Deneen, are confident that it will be adopted by
An overwhelming vote. The Democrats, led by
Judge Edward F. Dunne, whom Mr. Busse defeated
last spring for re-election as Mayer, predict that
the charter will be snowed under by an avalanche
of negative votes. Impartial and conservative
observe I a are of the opinion that Mayor Pusoe is a
better prophet than Judge Dunne.
Mayor Basse declares, In a signed statement,
made public yesterday, that the new charter. 'which
is the creation of a Republican legislature at
Springfield, •'means liberty, progress and prestige
for the people of Chicago of to-day, and of to-mor
row, and of the future." In this opinion he is sup
ported by both press and pulpit with substantial
Judce Dunne is equally positive In his opposition.
His chief arguments against the adoption of the
new charter ai that, in his opinion, it will enable
the rich to avoid paying just rentals for the use of
public, property, greatly Increase the burden of tax
ation. swoll by $60,000,000 the city's bonded indebted
ness and deal a death blow to civil service reform.
During the last ten years, what Is commonly
known as the "independent vote" has decided th«
result of local elections in Chicago. Through its
medium Carter EL Harrison was kept In the may
oralty for three terms, because the independent Re
publicans would not support a municipal ticket
framed by a so-called "machine" convention.
Judge Dunne was elected Mayor largely through
the same Influence. Then the tide turned with the
election of Mr. Basse, who has an unblemished
record as a public official, the mayoralty closely
following his term as State Treasurer, to which
latter office he was elected by an unprecedented
majority. The independent voters who accom
plished all this— silent. waistcoat-pocket voters
— are confidently counted upon by the city and state
administrations to swing the election pendulum
emphatically for the new charter next Tuesday.
The executive committee of the Republican Coun
ty Central Committee baa mailed to every voter in
Chicago a pamphlet containing twenty reasons why.
in its opinion, the charter should have their support
at the polls. These reasons are summarized thus:
1. It Is a home rule Instrument, granting tho
City Council power to change all local laws (except
on "public utilities, taxation and schools* by ordi
nance submitted to the people for referendum ap
2. It concentrates the power of tax levy for city,
park, school aal library purposes in the City Coun
cil pn<i limits such taxation to 6 per cent of the
ass*Tssed value of taxable property. This means
that the Council will first provide for the most ur-
K'-nt needs of tbe people tind then pass on t>> other
expenditures in the order of their necessity.
3. It provides that the people may. through th«
Council and a referendum vote (all bond Issues
must be by referendum approval). Issue bonds up
to 5 per cent of the total of the actual valuation of
the taxable property within the city; this will per
mit tbe erection of new schools, bridges, viaducts,
police and lire stations, the building ot tunnels and
sewers and the equitable distribution of the coat
over a period of twenty yean
4. It consolidates into on" the three great park
system which i 111 be conducted under one board
appointed by the Mayor and approved by the Coun
cil, thus providing for fair and equal development
of parka under aboard of r.in", three of its in»-in
bers being named from each side of the city.
5. It provides for one alderman for e-.ich of fifty
wards, centring — .•• responsibility for each wards
welfare on on*- Council member, and paying -acu
alderman 13,500 a year, a salary which will enaole
him to devote a.ll his time to the city.
•;. It provides for the removal of Civil Service
employes wi > an detrimental to the aervios upon
written charges filed by the head of tho depart
ment, but guards against arbitrary and unjust re
movals by allowing trial at the discretion of the
merit board, which lias final say as to removals,
and making entrance to the service possible only
by competency demonstrated In an examination.
7. li extends the Civil Service act over park em
! 8. It establishes the merit system in the teach
big force of the public schools, doing away with
9. It gives the people the last word on all long
term public Utility grants (such as the telephone
ordinance), providing that the Council must submit
them to the referendum upon petition by 10 per
cent of the voters, and must be controlled by the
result of the referendum.
10. It gives the people the right to own and op
erate or control all public utilities, Including pier?.
U. It provides that after a street or alley has
been paved, following the adoption of the charter.
not more than T<o percent may be assessed against
the property for repairs.
12. It permits the City Council to lmpn«« a
wheel tax. which must be expended exclusively In
the maintenance of streets and alleys.
13. It makes possible more effective restriction
of the smoke nuisance, by allowing the city to
bring Injunction proceedings in the municipal court.
14. It enables th« City Council to define and
prohibit nuisances in general, and to make con
nections with sewers outside of the city, or ar
range for outside drainage through city sowers,
thus aiming at the betterment of health conditions.
15. It makes mandatory the turning- over of all
interest on city funds into the public treasury.
ML It limits the compensation of city officials
and employes to their legal salaries, and pro
hibits them from selling to or buying from the
it' It gives the- Council th* right to investigate
city departments, compelling the attendance and
testimony of witnesses and the production of all
books and records.
18. It gives the city power to take- care of tns
poor and helpless by hospitals, poor farms and
Otherwise. ..
19 It leaves all ordinance* and laws regarding
the liquor traffic precisely where they now are.
2D. It is probably the only opportunity for Chi
cago to secure a complete system of local self
government which will present itself for many
Leaders on ho'], sides are making unusual efforts
to get the electors to the polls, and a large vote is
predicted as a result. ■■
Washington. Sept. 15.— Acting Postmaster
General Hitchcock has authorized the appoint
ment of additional letter carriers at postofflces
on October 1 as follows:
New York. 75; Brooklyn. 71; Plttsburg. 25;
Detroit. 21; Milwaukee, 15; Newark, 10, and
Baltimore. 9.
Oft-a Irritated but never equalled-the leading Bitters
rinea l£*6 Now the favorite and mo:t universally
Sin At -ii "©arts of the wo v 'd. Alone as a tonic and
to^iVfc -nrivallcd and at all times especially re
fre; Jilng". Gives relish for food, even to dyspeptic.
Enjoyable as a Cocktail
and Better for You
A* healthful habit is a pony of "Underberg" before
and alter meals. % ■"-- ".'-J : -'■
Over 6 000.000 bottle* Imported to the United States.
m lit Vt. rLi, *n* Rtltaurmnlt. "by the isttlc* <t Win* iftrchanl,
LOYTIES 1 ntOTUEiS. 2M Willi.m St.. New York. Sob kltnl*.
What Was Expected m Vancouver
Before Recent Outbreak.
Vancouver. &e r r R ( Special). - Th?r<? arc unmis
takable indication* of a community of interests
between British Columbia and the Pacific Coast
states of th- united States in the matter
of raciil antagonisms and hostility to Asiatics.
Nowhere, probably, were the anti-Japa-f-'- dis
turbances in Baa Frandsco tagarJed with
more sympathetic interest than here, where Mon
golian exclusion had l.">ng been a leading demand
of the labor unions and of ambitious politicians <>f
both parties. Even the violent treatment just re
corded as having been given to some hundreds of
Hindus and Sikhs in the State of Washington is
not resented here, but rather approved, despite the
fact tha| the victims of it are British subjects.
There aro those who freely predict similar demon
strations in this province at a not remote date, and
who. indeed, say that the signal for them is being
given in the driving ba.Jv of th* Hindus from the
States into British Columbia.
The origin of this feeling against Asiatics of all
ra. es is twofold. Most acutely and menacingly
perhaps it rises from the labor unionists here, who
ar.> in close, sympathy with their fellow unionists
in San Francisco. Seattle and elsewhere and are
disposed to adopt here, the same practices which
they have followed there, in San Francisco and
Seattle the objection to thti Asiatics is that they
work for lower wages than the tabor unionists.
"We are ruined by Chinese ch"ap labor?" is their
cry. And the world knows how the unionists took
advantage Of the San Francisco earthquake and
the consequent extraordinary demand for labor to
rebuild the city to force wages up to an extraordi
nary height.
A similar condition prevails here. There has
been nu earthquake, but the scarcity of labor of
all kinds, in city and country, is extreme. The in
flux of Japanese and Hindus would relieve the
need; but it would also prevent the labor unions
from exacting tin- high wages which they demand.
Nearly a year ago the labor question was so ur
gent as to call for public act ion, and the Vancouver
Board of Trade ai one of its meetings took It up.
The question of the «re*t dearth of labor for In
dustrial ::iiij domestic help having been considered
and fully discussed, this resolution was adopted:
"Whereas, All industries are suffering and the
general development nf the provinces being retard
ed by a «irartli of labor, be it
"Resolved, That a memorial be presented to the
Dominion and Provincial governments, praying
that Immediate steps be t.7ken to secure the in
troduction of a suitable supply of labor sufficient
for the country's needs.
At the same tln.e opposition to Asiatic labor was
unabated. It Indeed *r.u- stronger as A.*:. 1:1,3
flocked hither more numerously >■< supply 0 ■ de
mand lyr.j; ago a tax of flOfl a bead was Imposed 1
on Chinamen entering the country. It had little
effect, however, fur thousands w.r-- ready to pay
it, so trreat was the prospect of profits here. The
stringent measure "f raising the tax t" S&AO was
then adopted, and it practically had the desired
< it- ■ :. f'>r sim •• it 1 ame ipto operation compara
tively few additions have been made to the Chinese
I • unbia. But in Its dealings
with ip» Japanese the provincial government is In
a \> ry different position from that which it oc
cupies toward the Chinese. Its attempts to
then* migration hither bay« been disapproved and
■ bj the I '"minion government "for dlpio
matlc reasons "
The reasons in Question were, of course, com
prised In trie treaty of alliance between Great
Kritain and Japan. All that the Dominion gnvern
ment has .been able to do. therefore, is to reach a
friendly agreement with Japan for the placing of
restrictions by the Japanese government upon the
Immigration of Its subjects to British Colin
and also to require that every immigrant i,},,, liave
at least $23 in his possession. Many more kpaaeae
have been entering the province, however, than the
number agreed upon by the two governments, for
the reason that many coma from Hawaii, and the
Japanese government naturally disclaims all power
of control over them, seeing that they do not come
directly from Japan, .but from an Intermediate for
eign count ry.
The other source of opposition to Asiatic labor Is
the general determination to make and to keep this
a "white man's country." a determination which la
also manifest hi Australia and other British colo
nies. Men here recognise the extortionate tactics
of the labor unions and condemn them. They la
ment the scarcity of labor, which i» seriously Inter
fering with the growth and prosperity of the coun
try. They admit that the Chinese and Japanese
axe decidedly better workers than most white la
borers, and that, besides asking lower wages, they
are more efficient, more faithful and more cleanly.
But still "this is a white mar.'s country." and
white labor must be found somewhere and some
bow to save British Columbia from becoming
Orientalised. It is pointed out that few of the
Asiatics have any thought of settling here perma
nently, investing their capital here and helping to
build up the country. They 6imply aim to get all
they can out of it. and then -go back home. More
over, they spoil the trades for other*. Despite the
earnest denials that any race prejudice exists here.
It does exist, mid dominates the whole situation.
The Asiatics arw regarded as an inferior people.
and any occupation they enter Is considered to be
thus degraded and rendered unworthy for a white
person to enter. Bridget or Gretchen will no longer
work In the kitchen, because Chinese and Japanese
work there. Caspar will not work in the mines, be
cause Chinamen do so. Hans will not go into the
lumber camp, because In the next camp Japanese
are employed. rierre scorns to enter a salmon
cannery, for fish packing Is now "Chink's work."
This same feeling has spread to farm, garden and
dairy -work, to blacksmithing, to shoemaking, to
engine rooms, and. Indeed, to almost all depart
ments of labor. Wherever the Asiatic is working
white men refuse to work.
It is realized, of course, that any antl-Japanes*
movement would be most distasteful to the im
perial government, because, of the Japanese alli
ance, and also, perhaps, to the Dominion govern
ment at Ottawa, because of Its strong desire to
appear ultra-loyal to the empire. But It is argued
that the Ottawa government, which is so remote
from the scene of Oriental Invasion, ought not to
dictate to British Columbia, which suffers from
that invasion morn than all the rest of the Do
minion put together; and it 1» added that Great
Britain ought to permit this country to be pro
tected with Asiatic exclusion laws .lust as it does
Australia and Natal. No doubt that could and
would be done If the Dominion government would
only ask It, but that government Is entirely sub
servient to that at I-iondon. and seems indifferent
to the local -desires and needs of this remote prov
The most serious feature of the case, however, is
the labor problem. If the Chinese. Japanese and
Hindus are shut out, who will do the work? It is
all very well to say that white men must do It. but
It seems impossible to obtain enough white men for
the purpose. There is to-day scarcely a place or
calling in Canada in which the demand is not
greater than the supply. Everywhere the cry is
the. same: "Send us men, men who can work with
their hands,; to help us develop the vast resources
of this country-" The most casual glance of the
traveller In passing through the Dominion shows
plainly the urgency of the demand. Every year
hundreds of miles of railroad are being built, and
hundreds of locomotives and thousands of freight
cars to accommodate the enormous and rapidly
growing traffic. . New to .ns— not mere frontier
hamlets, but actual towns— arp springing into *■*-
istence with a rapidity which is startling to the
European. One day the traveller may pass across
a tract ■which presents to the eye nothing but un
broken prairie. There is nothing but th« earth, the
crass and the sky, visible for miles. Two months
later he may pass across the same tract and find
there a town with electric lights, telephone service
and a weekly newspaper. Precisely that experience
has been had in the western part of the Dominion
in the last year or two. And when the people of
this country thus plant a new town, they do not
■wait a dozen years before equipping It with the
conveniences and even the luxuries of life. The
roads may be little better than cattle trails, but
they have trolley cars running: on them. Electric
lights, telephones and elevators in all buildings
more" than three stories high are introduced as
matters of course. In its degree the town, there
fore has a completeness of design and scope 'un
known in the growth of town life in Europe, where
all these modern conveniences which are here re
garded as necessities come only as the result of
slow evclutioji.
Such are tho phenomena which have been pro
duced by the construction of the transcontinental
railroad. Such cities as Winnipeg. Brandon, Re
gina, Calgary. Edmonton and Vancouver have
sprung to life as if by magic. But th-? process is
by no means ended, It la little more than well
beg, m. Further north, the building of another
transcontinental railroad is being pushed forward
with the utmost energy, and soon along its line
other cities rivalling these will spring up, to pro
vide homes and profitable occupation for tens of
thousands of the overflow from the countries of
the Old World. It needs no argument, therefore,
to prove the scarcity of labor and the urgent need
of it. Canada is calling out loudly for men who
can do things, who are not afraid to work, who
are not afraid to venture, and who are willing to
adapt themselves to now conditions of life. But
she demands that they shall be men of. the Cau
casian race.
Confidence Placed in Canada— M.
Ishn Reaches Ottawa.
Ottawa. Pept. 15.— A cable dispatch from
Toklo to the Japanese Consul General, M. Nosse,
Which the Arehicologl'-al Society of America hopes to make give up the secrets of the extinct race.
(From Ths Tribune Bureau.)
va« received to-day. It refers to the Oriental
riots a: Vancouver, and says:
The feeling. in spite of the character of th«
disturbance being ranch graver than that of San
Francisco, is favorable to Canada. While
greatly regretting that thin deplorable incident
Should occur within a dominion of the British
Empire, who.-., ally Japan is, the tone of the
press la calm and the public shows no excite
ment. All are depending upon the Justice,
friendship and fair play of the people of Can
ada, fully expecting that measures will he taken
to protect Japanese lives and property.
M. Koase does riot say who is the author of
the .cable dispatch. M. [shil, Japan's represen
tative, who will investigate the affair, arrived in
Ottawa to->' <v. lie will meet Premier I>aurier
and other Dominion officials at the, home of M.
Nosjae on Tuesday evening.
It is understood that W. P. Scott, Dominion
Superintendent of Immigration, who is now on
his way to Vancouver, will recommend that the
Immigration regulations bo amended to require
each entrant to possess a Finn of money, as Is
required for entrance to the United States.
The Mayor of Vancouver telegraphs to the
Premier to say that the Orientals who recently
arrived there are not paupers. Ho asked per
mission to house them In government property,
because there are not pufnvient dwellings avail
able in Vancouver.
Proposition to Encircle Waterfront
with Elevated Structure.
Alexander R. Smith, a former member of th«
New York Commerce Commission, writing under
the caption, "New York's Congested Commerce"
In "The Journal of the Merchants' and Manufact
urers* Board Of Trade of New York." says that an
elevated structure along the waterfront of Manhat
tan would be the best possible, remedy for the con
gestion of this city's ever increasing traffic. He
recommends that "on the west side of the city,
along the waterfront, a four or six track elevated
structure be erected, capacious enough to accom
modate both freight and passenger traffic, and that
underneath this elevated structure the space be in
closed with concrete walls and utilised for ware
bouse purposes, except where access to the piers
and wharves is necessary." That is the only possi
ble solution of the problem of the downtown freight
tracks of the New York Central, In Mr. Smith's
"By this means the contents of the cars could be
loaded or unloaded directly from or into the ships."
says Mr. Smith, "as is done In practically every
other great port the world over, and as is now
done to a large extent afloat alongside the ships
from cars loaded upon earfioats. This elevated
structure also could ultimately effect the elimina
tion of the larger part of the truckage now car
ried on between the wharves and the interior ware
bouses nnd the wholesale and retail houses, thus
expediting and greatly cheapening tho handling
of commerce upon Manhattan Island."
Mr. Smith thinks that a similar structure on the
East Side would in a large part relieve the daily
crush at Brooklyn Bridge, by giving easy access
to all the ferries, especially, he says. if the city
should buy the East River ferries and make them :
free for the use of passengers, as the bridges are ■
now. .
Dirt Not Discuss Either State or National
Politics. Says the Senator.
Senator Alfred R. Page returned from Albany
yesterday afternoon, hut he did not carp to dls
rues the visit he and Herbert Parsons, president
of the Republican County rnmnilttee, made to
Covernor Hushes.
"Did you discuss state or national politics
with the Governor?" the Senator was asked.
"No." he said, laughing. "I talked to the Gov
ernor about the Adirondack* as a summer resort
and asked him about the way in which he spent
his vacation. Seriously speaking, I went up to
see the Governor because it has been some time
since I have seen him. and naturally there were
many things to talk about."
Ths Senator added that there was no political
Eijnincance to his vMt
Effort To Be Made to Study Them
[From The Tribune B:ir-~?'i >
Washington. Sept. 15.— A new and systematic at
tempt is soon to be made by the Archjeological In
stitute of America to unearth additional informa
tion relative to the Cliff Dwellers, one of the most
interesting and recently extinct of the prehistoric
races of America. To this and the institute hna
asked permirsion of the Secretary of Agriculture
to explore the Canyon of the Rito de los Frijolcs.
in New Mexico, which cuts through the region of
the country richest in prehistoric ruins. This per
mission has been granted, and an expedition will
be sent to Xew Mexico in The near future.
The Canyon of the Run de los Frijoles. which in
terpreted means the Rite of the Beans, branches
off from the Rio Grande a! a point opposite Santa
Fe. It was here that the Spaniards settled in the
earliest days of America's history, planting a per
manent colony, second in ago only to St. Augustine.
Fla. Directly through this country runs the fa
mous Santa Pc trail, which was first marked out
by Coronado when he passed from San Diesco. Cal..
eastward, being the first European to penetrate
what is now the southwestern part of the United
States. The Mexican population, which still pre-
dominates In this region, makes beans its chief ar
ticle of food, and it was through the custom in
early days of holding feasts in the. shady canyon
that It got Its name.
The native Indians still live on the mesas that
adjoin the canyon, where they celebrate many
quaint customs and religious ceremonies, some of
which are known to have . been derived from the
Cliff Dwellers. Among these Indians is stil! to be
found a strain of the extinct blood, as there was
some intercourse between the two races before the
cliff Dwellers became extinct. The Indians .ire.
however, a greatly inferior race, newr having at
tained to anything like the civilization of the older
It Is a generally accepted theory that the Cliff
Dwellers were crowded by the Indians from the
mesas, where are still found evidences of extensive
Irrigation systems. They went Into the canyons
and caves for shelter from the force of numbers of
their conquerors, who drove them from their agri
cultural pursuits, and then -were exterminated
largely through starvation, the date of their pass
ing being pet at something near a thousand years
ago: The Inatans profited in no way from the
agricultural example -et by their predecessors, and
the irrigation plants fell into decay.
The houses of the Cliff Dwellers and the eaves
that In many instances extend far into the walls
of th« canyon, have been found rich In relics of
the vanquished race. In the musty corridors of
these caves have been found many of the mummi
fied remains of the people who once lived there.
These are well prserved. but when not treated
scientifically crumble to dust when exposed to the
outer air. Many of them have been so exposed and
lost by transient curiosity seekers, who have bene
fited science little through their findings. The skull
, formation of the Cliff Dwellers, which Is 1 tree and
1 gives evidence of intelligence far beyond that of
the Indian, is, however, well known.
In the forest reserves and other lands under th«
I control of the government archaeological ruins are
, no longer open to the public for excavation, and
! ppecial permits are required evsn before explora
tion is allowed. The authority to collect objects of
antiquity from government property can now be
secured only through the Secretary of Agriculture ,
in the case of the national forests, t^e Secretary
of War on military reservations, and the Secretary
of the Interior on ill other lands controlled by the
I government. There is careful provision safeguard-
Ing the public properties against the gathering of
such objects for commercial purposes, or their sub
sequent purchase by private persons.
i All remains, utensils or Implements of any kind
discovered under permits must be deposited and
'• kept in a designated museum open to the public.
No monument or building which c-»n be preserved
where it stands may be mutilated, destroyed or re
moved T^nrge objects of historical or scientific In
terest on public lands may he declared national
monuments, and lire by that means set aside to be
preserved. Among such monuments are caves, cliff
dwellings, peculiar and unusual geoloelcal forma
tions and such other objects as may b» considered
of public interest or value.
A large part of these relics of antiquity lie In
the semi-arid regions of New Mexico. Arizona.
Utah and Colorado, where the prehistoric Cliff
Dwellers and Pueblo Indians had their homes. By
preserving them anil making accessible such arti
cles as can be properly collected in museums, the
government is following an enlightened policy In
the interest of the pubMc and of the investigations
which, it la hoped, will eventually solve the mys
terious history of the primitive people of North
The portion of the Canyon of the Rlto de los
Frijoles where the present Investigation will be
made is in the Jamez National Forest. Its purpose ,
Is to discover and preserve relics and antiquities j
which would otherwise He unknown or would be
carried away by unauthorized persons and lost to i
science. The particular object of the present ex
pedition Is to obtain pottery, clay, stone, wood or
bone implements, domestic furniture or utensils,
seeds cr anything else that will serve to throw
light on the history of the people whs formerly
lived there.
All specimens collected will be deposited and pre
served In the Southwest Museum of th<s Arch»f>
logical Institute of America, at I#>s Angeles. This
is the first permit of the kind issued by the Secre
tary of Agriculture, and Is taken as marking an
epoch In such work, in that it places such investi
gations on an entirely different basis from the
haphazard methods formerly employed.
Fifteen plasterers, paperlx;ingers and other la
borers who didn't work on Saturday because of the
closing festivities of the Jewish New Year went
to work yesterday on a new building at llSth
street- and Amsterdam avenue. They made such
noise that neighbors complained, and detect !
from the West 125 th street station arrested them.
charging violations of the Sunday labor law. They
said they did not realize they were breaking the
Bearing i ( -'"'^^•lH
the name .**^£^ < '\*M
WS^^^ * n< 3 the only
5^ water that has
I the guarantee of the
I French Government j
& for absolute purity.
| Natural Alkaline •
I Used at meals prevents I
Z DYSPEPSIA »nd cures I
I Ask your Physician
f From Th» TrtNjn* Bureau. 1
Washington. September 15.
■rsl things to be taken up by Secretary Metcalf.
since his return to Washington is the^ adjustment
Of the situation which has caused delay In th»
completion if the big drydock at the Brooklyn
navy yard. Some months ago the recommenda
tion was made that the contract be terminated
without prejudice to the bidder, and that another
contract be awarded at whatever rate may be se
cured by an Invitation for bids. It is understood
that Secretary Metcalf entertains the idea that bo
has no authority to dissolve the contract, which
should be annulled with the liability upon the con
tractor for any extra cost involved in a second
contract for completing IBM structure. The con
tractor has held that his work was impeded by
conditions for which the government was responsi
ble at Brooklyn, and the controversy has lasted
more than twelve months, with a procrastination
which is alike unaccountable and disastrous. Th»
government is deprived of the use of the dock, with
th» prospect that it will be several months before
a new contract em be awarded. If Mr. Metcalf
decides that the present contract must be annulled
and another made at the expense of the contractor,
the latter will have to go to Congress for relief.
army signal corps officers, who have to do with mili
tary ballooning, have adopted The plan of the ex
perts abroad and established a balloon corps. For
the present it is of modest dimensions, so far as
personnel goes. The branch will be under the Im
mediate charge of Captain Charles De F. Chandler.
who has be «i designated to make Ike balloon ascen
sions and to report upon various methods of obser
vation from great heights, and a system of com
munication between such aerial stations and tiis
ground. The enlisted men of the signal corps
chosen for this work have had some experience in
that line, and take a ke«i interest In the project,
anticipating- some Interesting experiences. Thesw
army balloor.ists will have the advantage of the .•%.
perience and services of the New York aeronaut.
Leo Stevens, a member of the Aeronautic Club of
America. Most of the ascensions which, are plan:!*"!
will be made from Washington with one of th*
army balloons. In ':.- course of the next few
months there will be extensive and systematic as
censions at Omaha, where the signal corps has a
depot, and where special arrangements are beinsj
made for the manufacture of compressed gas to b»
need in these balloons. There Is still a difference of
opinion among conservative army officers respecting
the use of the balloon in time Ml war. Some of
them think that its advantage will be limited, and
that it can b»» used only under peculiar conditions
which gire the enemy no opportunity to use tha
ba11.".! of a foe as a target or an Indication of th*
:ocatior» of the troops against which they may fire.
At the same time, it is realized that military bal
looning has Ha value, and it is proposed to ascer
tain in a practical way all that may be learned of
■ the system.
partment I-.a3 be*n several times besought to detail
enlisted men, principally non-commissioned officers
of the regular establishment. f~r duty with the
militia, both as caretakers of government property
loaned to the national guard commands and aa
subordinate instructors of militiamen. It has been
held that some of the non-commissioned officers
who have served for a long rhn« are specially
qualified for this work. They possess aa hirhnat*
knowledge of tactics and have much to do with th»
training of the recralt in the regular army. Th»
War Department has announced its disinclination
to comply with such requests as these. In the first
place, the non-commissioned officers cannot be
spared. They are most valuable in connection wtt!i
the work of the regular army at military posts ra
this country and in the Philippines. Then again,
it is considered there is no authority conferred by
law for such a designation. The national gnard
authorities must be responsible for whatever prop
erty is loaned them by the government, and must
furnish the means of protection. The Instruction.
of course, must be given by commissioned offlcora
of the active or retired Mi detailed for that pur
pose. •
Cable Dispatch Brings Papal Blessing for St.
Pius V Structure.
Th cornerstone of th» Roman Catholic Cbnrc*
of St. Piu« V. in East 115 th rtreet. The Bronx, warn
laid yesterday afternoon. In th» middle of the
ceremony the Rev. Frank Fagan. the prtarf ?
charge, received a cable dispatch from Pope Pros X
bestowing his bleaslM upon the new ebareaL
Bishop Cusack. of New York, and the B^Dr-
F H Wall, of the Church of the Holy Kosary.
made the addresses, calling attention to theln-
in the number of Catholics* The Bronx
in the la* garter of a centun'-
ago Lay said, there was but one Catholic ehnrch
and only three rriests in The Bro« uW»
there are IST priests, thirty-seven churches and a
Catholic population of 125.000.
Borough President Half en of The Bronx and Con
gressman Goulden were among those who attended
the ceremony. The basement of the new church 13
almost completed and will neat seven hundred per
sons. Father Fagan said last night teat te ex
pected the entire church to he completed and
ready for services by December. The parish was
originally a part of the parish, of theCntirrh of
m. Jerome, in East ISSth street, and contains »•
tween |M and ♦•«* members.
North Butte and Calumet and Arizona Com
panies to Curtail Production.
St. Paul. Sept. -A special to "The Pioneer
Press" from Duluth. Minn., say?:
The directors of the North Butte and the
Calumet and Arizona mining: companies decided
yesterday to curtail the production of their
copper mines BD per cent. This will mean a re
duction of seven hundred tons a month at tha
Calumet and Arizona mines and five hundred
tons a month at the North Butte. The Calumet
and Arizona is one of the leading producers at
Bib** An*, and the North Butte company
orients one ;,f the lirjfe mines at Butte. Moat.
In explaining the action of the directors.
President Brigscs of the Calumet and Arizona
Sid- '•It is currently reported that there isa
surplus of 2T.O.00O.00& pounds of copper, almost
entirely in the hands of producers. Once the
demand for the metal Is resumed, the surplus
will disappear lik- magic, if good times con
tinue." ;
[fi\lori 3y.Xortk - 29 £.17* St.

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