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EGYPTIAN BONES HERE.
CASES OF RARE FOSSILS. Natural History 'Museum Benefits from Recent Expedition. The American Museum of Natural History has juFt received from Egypt twenty-seven cases of rare fossils, about fix hundred specimens in all. comprising forms new to science, exceedingly val uable fossils of the ancestral elephant and of an extraordinary beast, the arslnoitheriuni, which is r.ot closely related to any living form or any ex tinct group. It Is conservatively estimated by ppologists that these animals existed more than a million ; ears ago. Those fossils are the product of an expedition financed by Morris K. Jesup, president of the museum, and sent to Northern Egypt by Dr. Her mon C. Bumpus, the director, under the direction of Professor Henry F. Osborne. Professor Osborne was accompanied by Walter Granger, as chief as jsistant, and George Olsen, of the department of vertebrate palaeontology. Mr. Granger said yesterday that the fossils •were shipped from Alexandria by way of Hamburg on a freight steamer, .nd had Just arrived in fine con dition, with nothing broken. They had been packed in extra strong boxes by the Egyptian Survey De partment, which took charge of the shipping. When natural history specimens are shipped out of Egypt the customs officials open the boxes to gee that they contain no archaeological specimens, on the shipment of which the Egyptian govern ment places restriction?. There la ■ wonderful museum at Ira. and the government feels that •jr.iq'-e specimens should remain there. The Egyptian Survey Department sent a representative to the steamer to see that the cases were loaded properly. He declared there were no archaeologi cal Bpecbnens in them, and saved a lot of trouble la their ::;ent. Mr. Granger went on to say: "These specimens ar*> prac-jcaJly all of them individual, separate bones. We got almost nothing in the vay of skele ton material, as the conditions in Egypt are not EBit&ble for the preservation of entire skeletons. The region where these, fossils were found is about iigM miles north of Lake Quran, in the Fayoom Depression, about sixty miles southwest of Cairo. The depression can be reached by railroad up the Nile Valley to El Wr.sta., and then across -i nar row Etrip of desert land, which separates the Nile Valley from the Payoom Depression, or by camel trail across the desert from Ghizeh. "The chief importance of this collection is that it brings to this country a representation of these exiln<-t '" I extremely interesting North African forms <">f mammals. We have obtained several forms that are new to science. We have increased the fauna list, and have more complete material of the things discovered before. '"Among the most interesting of these fossils are probably, first, those belonging to the ancestral elephants, representing two stapes of development. The erltherium I* the more primitive of the two It was a very small beast, not greatly resembling a m"'i'=rr! elephant, except in the forth. The other, the I Bomastodon. does resemble the modern ele phant in the character of its teeth, the shape of the skull and the general structure of the entire skeleton. This was also a diminutive elephant. "All these fossils are irom the middle and upper eocene formations:. The moeritherium occurs in the middle eocene formation and also in the upper eocene formation, while the palssomastodon occurs In the middle eocene formation. Before the dis covery of these localities by the Egyptian Survey Pepsrtm'nt nothing ■ as known of the early an cestry of the elephants. •"Second 5n point of interest is a beast that, so far as we know, has been found only in this re stricted locality— the arsinoitherlum. The most striking thing about the ars'noitherlum is the pair Of enormous horns on the nose. The age of these fossUs may be placed at more than a million years, which is a conservative estimate. Estimating the see of these early formations Is mighty rough work, tat I do not think any geologist would place Jt at less than a nrOlion years We got a fairly pood sku!l of a young individual and parts of skulls of twenty-five others, and numerous bones representing almost every portion of the skeleton. "Our choicest specimens, so far as preservation goes, are two fine skulls of carnivorous animals arcut the size of gray wolves. These bones occur, associated with fossils of which th e re is a great abundance, in the upper eocene formation Queerly enough, although the -wood there Is thoroughly petrified, the bones are not petrified. They have merely lost the animal matter in them, a very un usual condition. It Is puzzling that one should ho petrified and not the other. The bones are in the tame Ftrata with the wood, and we learned that the bones were found most abundant where the Shouts a Spanked Baby. A Doctor of Divinity, now Editor of a well known Religious paper, has written regarding the controversy between Collier's Weekly* and the Religious Press of the Country and others. Including ourselves. Also regarding suits for libel brought by Collier's against us for com menting upon its methods. These are his sentiments, with some very emphatic words left out. The religious Press owes you a debt of grati tude fr,r your courage in showing up Collier's V eek!y as the "Yell-Oh Man.' Would you care the inclosed article on the "800 Hih» • i the "Sen-Ob Man's" successor?* 1 "A contemporary remarks that. Collier's has finally run against a solid hickory "Post" and been damaged in its own estimation to the rune of |75ty000.00. M "Here is a publication which hap. In utmost disregard of the facts, spread broadcast dam aging etatements about the Religious Press and ethers end has suffered those false statements to go uneontradicfed, until, not satisfied after finding the Religious Press too quiet, and peace ful, to resent the Insults, it -lakes the mistake of wandering into a fresh field and butts its rattled head against this Post and all the World laughs. Even Christians Einlle, as the Post sud denly turns and gives it back a dose of Sts own medicine." "It is a mistake to say all the World laughs. No cheery laugh comes from Collier's, but it dies and i»oo hoos like a spanked baby and want* $750,000.00 to soothe Its render, lacerated feelings." 'Thank Heaven It has at last struck a man. with "back bone" enough to call a spade a "spade" and "who believes In telling the whole truth without fear or favor." Perhaps Collier's with Its "utmost disregard for the facts," ay say no such letter exists. Nevertheless it is on file in our office and is only one of a mass of letters and other data, newspaper comments, etc., denouncing the 'yel low" methods of Collier's. This volume Is so large that a man could not well go thru it under half a day's steady work. The letters ««ne from various parts of America. Usually a private controversy is not interest ing to the public, but this is a public contro versy. Collier's has been using the "yellow" meth od* to attract attention to Itself, but, jumping in the air, cracking heels together and yelling "Look at me" wouldn't suffice, so it started out on a "Holler Than Thou" attack en the Relig ious Press ;,nfl on medicines. wood occurred, and there we made careful search for them. "This expedition worked in Egypt from January -"• '" June 14. and most of the 'finds' were made in two quarries previously worked by the Egyptian Burvi y Department and the British Musf urn. which ilie survey department had staked oat as reserva ■'nd kindly turned over to us to do what ex cavating we ohose in. The survey department af forded us many other facilities for our work, gave US Camping outfits, lent us tents, water tanks and heavy too!?, supplied us with packing cases, and in genera] greatly facilitated our work. "Our choicest specimens were, obtained within a few .hundred yards of th.j two quarries between which we camped, and where probably two-thirds of the specimens already taken out of the Fayum had hren found, which goes to show that tha coun try is not exhausted. The surface is constantly changing, it requires only a alight change, the wearing away by water or wind, to bring a hone ti> the surface. Severe sand storms in the desert shift the ground from one place to another, and the wind erosion is constantly bringing to light speci mens imbedded there." Mr. Granger said t*Rt among the fossils of rep tiles found were several forms of crocodiles, some of them of enormous size, and several kinds of turtles, snakes and fishes. Work has already been begun on these specimens, and each will be placed on exhibition as soon as it is prepared in its own group. The collections of the Museum are ar ranged zoologically, and thtse lost-ils will not be kept separate as an Egyptian collection, but will he distributed according to the groups to which they belong. NEW YORK BUFFALO HERD To Be Sent from This City to Wichita National Forest. [From Tlie Tribune Bureau. 1 Washington, Oct. B.— Frank Rush, the Western cowboy naturalist, is on the way to New York, Where he will assume charge of tho. herd of fifteen buffaloes presented by the New York Zoological So, lety to the government. The herd, which is now In the New York Zoological Gardens, will bo crated and car. fully shipped to Oklahoma, where preparation has been madi to give the animals the conditions which existed before the Inr/ads of civilization. Here they will be assisted to a com plete return to the wild F'at<\ the hope being that in their native haunts they will <io much to per petuate and re-establish 0 .; t in early times was monar • I • Weste rn plains. In th< Wl ..:• • N. •■ lltlons thru are regard- d as ideal for the wellbeing of th< mais have been established. A park i has been Inclosed an.l will be t-.;r:v'd over to them. The animals S^ave > . . v born and raised in captiv ■ i until they have become accustomed to hustling for thoir own fare they will be carefully watched and) cared for. As soon, however, as they ted to the life of the range they ■»:;! Yt- left to themselves, and will rear t...:r young and roam at. will among the woods and p.irks as did thoir nnresiors. Rush, in speaking of his mission, said: "We are jpoing after what is by right ours, and are going to take it back where it belongs." He is enthusi astic over the future of the herd, and thinks that the provisions made for buffaloes In the Wichita forest will give much satisfaction to those who have Joined in the movement to prevent the threat ened extermination of the animals which occupied the plains before the advent of the cattleman. He was a cowboy, but has for m me years been in charge of a buffalo herd belonging to E<lward Howins, of Southern Kansas This experience, to gether with his knowledge of the country in ques tion, caused the government representatives to re gard him as a suitable mail for the care of the val uable herd that is to be turned over to him. When Rush has etu.iie.i for a few da; the manner of life of the buffalo in captivity the animals at the Zoological Gardens will be carefully crate-d. with the assistance of Dr. W. T. Hornaday. director of the gardens, and started on the long journey to Oklahoma. The trip will consume a week or ten days, and the greatest cup will be taken to assure their reaching their destination in safety. The fund for the care of the animals was ap propriated by the last Congress. It was a part of the agricultural appropriation for the fiscal year, and provided for ti;<- construction of a fonce and pasture for the herd, whioh had b<>f>n previously given to the government . The fences are com pleted and the home has been provided in that section of the Wichita National I •■•:• I which is Intended as a game reserve. The buffaloes are to be the Orel Inmates, but will be followed by elk and other big game. Don't forgeti! This is the first day of regis tration for the coming election. Register to day! Delay is dangerou- Run no chances of losing your vote. Your vote must be counted for good government this fall. "800-HOO" We leave lr to the public now, n« we did when we first resented Collier's attacks, to say whether, isi a craving for sensation and circula tion, its attacks do nut amount to :» systematic mercenary hounding. We likewise leave ir to tho public to say whether Collier's, by its own policy :ind methods, lins nut mini*' it«-lf more ridiculous tlian any comment of ours <-<.uiil make it. Does Collier's expect to regain any self-ln llicted loss of prestige by demonstrating thru stilts for damages, that it can be more artful In evading liability for libels than the bumble but rf'sj-ntfii! victims of Its defamation, or does it hope by starting a campaign of libel suits to silence the popular Indignation, reproach and resentment which it Las aroused. Collier's can not dodge this public controversy by private law suits, it can not postpone the public Judgment against It. That great jury, the Public, will hardly blame us for not waiting until we get a petit jury In a court room, be fore denouncing this prodigal detractor of in stitutions founded and fostered either by indi viduals or by the public, itself. No announcements during our entire business career were ever made Claiming "medicinal effects" for either Postum or Grape-Nuts. Medicinal effects are results obtained from the use of medicines. Thousands of visitors ro thru our entire works oach month and w^ for themselves that Grape-Nuts contains absolutely nothing l»nt wheat, barley and a little unit' Postum abso lately nothing hut wheat, siul about ten percent of New Orleans molassco. The art of preparing these simple elements in a scientific manner to obtain the best food value and flavour, required some work and experience to acquire. Now, when nuy publication koi-n far enough out of its way to attnek us because mir adver tising is "medical." It simply offers n remark able exhibition of ignorance or worse We do claim physiological or bodily results <'f favorable character following the adoption of our suggestions regarding the discontinuance of coffee and foods which may not be keeping the individual In good .health. We have do advice to offer the perfectly healthful person. His or her health is evidence In Itself that the bev erages and foods used exactly n't that person. Therefore, why cMknge? Kut to the man or woman who is ailing, we have something to Pay as a result of an unusu ally wide experience in food and the result of proper feeding. In the palpably ignorant attack on us In Collier's, appeared this statement. — "One widely circulated paragraph labors to induce the im pression that Grape-Nuts will obviate the neces sity of an operation In appendicitis. This is lying and potentially deadly lying." 1 XEW-YORK DAILY TRTBT^T!, JTOTOAY. OCTOBER 7, 1907. DAY OF EVANGELISM. Richmond Churches of Other Creeds Opened to Episcopalians. CR.v Teteirraph to The Tribune. 1 Richmond. Va.. Oct. 6.— The delegates and visit ors to the general convention of the Episcopal Church went early this morning to the various chun h t'. partake of the sacrament of unity, in which "Angels and living saints and dead but one communion make; all join in Christ, their living head, and of his love partake." So many whose homes are over the seas and be yond the hills and mountains of the West on served Sunday aright that all church edifices wero crowded all day. Christians of other denomina tions offered their churches for the use of the Episcopal clergy. The Rev. Dr. Wilkinson, of Min nesota, preached i n a Presbyterian church to a large congregation, and the Rev. Henry B. Bryan, canon missioner of Long Island, conducted ser vices in St. James's Methodist Church, preaching on 'The R< :i i: Ziltion of the i^ye of God." The Bi.shop of Liondon spoke at an afternoon meeting on the Capitol steps. The concourse, of people extended down the green steps and num bered more than five thousand. At tho same hour the Rev. Dr. Lloyd addressed a men's mass meet- Ing In the Academy of Music. An hour later tho Bishop of St. Albans pr<- tched in St. Paul's, and an overflow meeting 1 was h. Id in Capitol Square, at rosa *he street Tho gro.it number -of services, special meeting! and sermons and addresses by visiting preachers reminder) many of tha great adv<-nt mission in New Tork some, twenty years .ago. Street preach ing by Episcopal clergymen Is not Infrequent. The Salvation Army headquarters u.«es a daily prayer for the convention, taken directly from the Rook of Common Prayer. Indeed, there is a vast evan gelistic mission work going on. It was not con t. mplated, but e;tmo about spontaneously. To am observer it permed to-day as though tha whole city whb given over to the cause of religion. 'i'!,. reciting of tho Lord'? Prayer and thr creed by the crowds, and the eingingfrom memory of old familiar hymns, tho fervent 'prayers and the lint s' nn simplicity of tho services are striking feat ures. Bishop <;r. er, of New Tork, preached at the morning service hi Monumental church, his sub ject being "The Supremacy of Christ." The K-v. Dr. Huntlngton preached In All Saints* Church on 'The Light, the Darkness and the Life." Tho Bishop of New Tork preached in oh St. John's Church this afternoon. Mary vrrn denied admit tance before the hour r 'T service. Business sessions viil be resumed in both hoviiies to-morrow. It is thought prohable that the gen eral convention of 1910 will go to New York City. CANADIAN BISHOP AT GRACE CHITRCH. Dr. Reeve Tells of Missionary Work Among Nortnern Indians. The R Dr. William Day Reeve, Bishop of the Mackenzie River diocese i:. lay morning to v congregation that thronged Church. He told his h-"nr>-rs :.N>ut the prob lems of the missionary \v..rk in hit* diocese which confronted him thirty-eight >»-,i.rs hko, when he passed through New York on his way to his new At that time t! .. journey took over -. most of tl c 6 i in a Ti\" best time to w>rk among the 1 Bishop said, was ;:. the spring, when they came to The .•:. ■ th< "> hold services, baptize the Indians and treal them with medicines, if nece Clrl \\>-re taught I language, which is noted for its simplicity. Bishop H>-< v us-.i >is forms of the varlo i Ls. Th< : ■ In <liff- ■ • or si i . sounds. • 'id that, w ; .i re were hardly any Cl in the Mack* forty • "mtdnii ■ night t!" be heard ;<t prayer in the luinwis They at INVENTIONS OF THE DEVIL, HE SAYS. Spiritualism. Eddyism and Dowieism So Called by the Rev. A. B. Simpson. The Rev. A B. Simp-.... president of th» Chrls . ;:<i Missionary Alliance, In •: yes terday a' the annual convention of t i..i t ! th« Gospel Tabernacle, 44th street and KicVh aye- In reply to this exhibition of - well lei the reader name it, the Postum Co., says: • Let it be understood that appendicitis results from long continued disturbance in th<- in testines, caused primarily by undigested starchy food, such as white bread, potatoes, rice, partly cooked cereals and Buch, Starchy food is not digested in the upper stomach, but passes <in Into the duodenum, «>r lower stomach and intestines, where, in ,i healthy Individual, the transformation of the Btarch iiii'i s form of sugar is completed and then the food absorbed by the blood. But it' the powers of digestion are weakened, a part of the starchy food will lie in the warmth and moisture <>f the body and di-ay, generating gases and Irritating the mucous sur faces uniil under such conditions the whole lower pan of the alimentary canal, including th l< m and the appendix, !>• mes Involved. Disease sets up and at times takes the form known aa appendicitis. When tbe symptouis of the trouble make their appearuuee, would it noi be good, practical, an sense, to discontinue the starchy food which is < .-himhi: tbe trouble and take a food in which the starch has been transformed im<> a f'>nn of sugar In the process of manufacture? This is Identically the same form of sugar found in the human !»x|y after starch baa been perfectly digested. Now, human food is made« up very largely of Btareb and is required by the body for energy and warmth. Naturally, therefore, Its use should be continued, if possible, and for the reasons given above it is made possible In th" manufacture of Grape-Nuts. In connection with this change of food to bring relief from physical dlsturbuiMvs, we have suirL'e.vh <l washing out the Intestines ;■> ri<i of the Immediate cause of the disturb ance. Naturally, there are cases where tbe disease bus lain dormani and tin- abuse rontiiuu long until apparently only the Knife will avail. Bui it is a well-established fact among tbe besi physicians who are acquainted with the <l<>iails above recited, that preventative measures are far and away the best. Are we to lie condemned for suggesting a way tv prevent disease by following natural ineth ods and for perfecting a food that contains n<> •'liieili'iiiie" and produces m> "medicinal effects" but which has guided literally thousands of per sons from sickness to health? We have re ceived during the years past upwards of 25.000 letters from people who have been either helped or made entirely well by following our suggea tions and they are simple. If coffee disagrees and causes any of the ail ments common to some coffee users quit it and take on Postum. If white bread, potatoes, rice and other starch foods make trouble, quit and use Grape-Nuts food which is largely pre-dlgested and will digest, nourish and strengthen, when other forms <>f food <lf> not. It's just i>l;iin old <-. mi - moo sena*. "There's a Reason" for Postum and Grape- Nuts. Postum Cereal Co., Ltd. nue. referred to other recent religious movements, savin)?: "Spiritualism. Eddyism and Dnwieism nave been sent in a swarm by the devil for the purpose of concealing the real truth of divine healing through the love of Christ. Faith and the love of God can acccomplish. anything, but tFcse movements are in ventions of the devil to lead people away from roa.l Christianity." BISHOP LAYS CORNERSTONE. Ceremonies at Sit-> of New Catholic Chapel on Blackwell's Island. The cornerstone of tho new Catholic chapel on Blackwell's Island was Jald yesterday afternoon t\v Thomas A. Cusses, auxiliary bishop of New York. Heretofore the two thousand Roman Catholic in mates of tho island have had to climb old. rickety stairs to attend worship. The one object in th.? designing of the chapel was to bare it meet the requirements of the crippled and lntiini. After the reUgfoua ceremonies John s. Whalen. Secretary of State of New York, delivered an ad dress on behalf of the Knights of Columbus and other contributors to the erection of tlw edifice. It took all the boats in the city's service, making several trips, to convey the crowd to witness the ceremonies. When the island w;is reached a pro cession was formed, containing members of the St. Vincent de Paul Society, the Knights of Co lumbus, the Ancient Order of Hibernians. Urn Cath olic Benevolent L«eglon and tho women's division of that body, which marched to the site of the church. Bishop Cusack, after reciting the history of the. movement for the bolMtng-Oi. a Catholic church on Blackwen's Island, .«ai<i that »t least $25,000 more would bo required to finish thi- church, whose pas tor was the one clergyman In the wnrlri who could not appeal to the members of hts congregation for financial aid. DEDICATIONS AT TWO CHURCHES. Bishop McDonnell Presides at St. Ambrose's in Brooklyn. Bishop C K. McDonnell presided yesterday at the dedication services held at the new Church of si. Ambrose, Tompklns and De Kalb avenues, Brooklyn. Fire Chaplain T. P. McOronen la rector of th church. It is the fifth of the churches he ha been Instrumental in building since he has been a priest. After the services the Bishop celebrated high mass ami the Rev. William O'Brien Pardow preached. Dedication services were also held yesterday morning at the remodelled St Luke's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Washington avenue, near De Kalb avenue, Brooklyn. The congregation gathered at the parish house and marched to the church, with tho Rev. C. B. Schuchard, the pastor, at their bead. The Rev. F. H. Bosch, pastor of St Pn ul's Lutheran Church, Manhattan, an.l president of the New York Conference of Evangelical Lutheran Minlsterium of New York and New England, conducted the ser vices in German. Other exercises were held In the afternoon and evening. DAUGHTERS OF JACOB HOME ADDITION. Ninety-two-year-old Inmate Dances with Joy at Cornerstone Laying. Sarah Gottholmer Is ninety-two years old nnd has been an inmate of the Daughters of Jacob Home, at No. 311 East Broadway, for eight years, but she did not fori;< •; th~ terps'.chorean steps of her younger days when the directors of the Home' pet the cornerstone tor an addition to the building yesterday afternoon. The Rev. Dr. Hlrsch Masliansky was finishing the open prayer at th<i cornerstone ceremonies when Sitrah pushed her way through the crowd, and. grasping the arm of Police Captain Hartley, ticgnn to dance. Tr.e rabbis and the elders stood aghast ns the old woman danced as an exhibition of her Joy .at the build! g of a four-story addition to 9 he Home. Harry FTschell, one of the Settlement workers. ns>p!M the cement to the ptone with a gold trowel, which he afterward bought for $.VO. Then scons of bricks were Bold to the members of the society. Mrs. Abraham Dworsky, tho president of the Home, bought the first brick nt the highest Md, ft*. Other* wore j.urcha.xid at prices ranging from $K> to P"A The first bod in tho wing was donated by Mrs Jarob Richmond, of Kldrldgo street, who deposited U'O with the recorder. More than M ■ " was nd«led to the treasury by the auction. Among guests whoso names will be inscrlbod on the lowest tier of bricks were Judge Otto A. Ro salsky, Judge Charles S. Whitman. M. Wha. > I'iittzck. the Rev. Dr. Hlrsch Masllahsky. Con gressman Qoldfogle, Dr. Adolnh M. R.i'lin and ltiihbi i: M. Margolles, who officiated at the corc monles. GENERAL WOODFORD ON CARLSCHUPZ Praises Him as "an Inspiration," and Com mends Memorial Fund's Work. General Stowart I, Woodford. former Minister to Spain, filling the post there that had U^n filled by Carl Schurz at the beglni Ing of the Civil War. has written to Isnnc N. Sellgman. tivasuior of the Carl Schura memorial fund, commending the work of the committee and saying of Mr. St-hurz: At tho close of his official service ho continued to be an active, conscientious citizen, vtandlng al ways fur high ideals of public service :ui<l duty. I tnink that no lin««r stat<-n:--nt ><t ideal citizenship has evi'r boon made than what he said at Fanueil Hall, in 1859: "You may tell me that my views are visionary, that thf tho destiny of this ' country Is loss exalted, that tho American people ar»» l.^ss great than 1 think they ought to h>'. 1 answer, Ideals are like stars— you will not succeed ii touch tng. them with your hands But. like the Beafarlng man on the desert waters, you choose them as your guides, and, following them, you reach your destiny." Such lives are an Inspiration to young ■■.••;! of the Republic, and tlulr tlttlr.g commemoration is alike our privilege and <>ur duty. GERMAN WOOS IN SOFT CASTILIAN. He Comes Here from Mexico and She from Hanover, and They Wed. l""'ir years neo l"r. City, went to Hanovei . >;■ ■ • parents. He spoa • ■ father that !■•• mlgl i in the v . ipoki it Ii: I thai ■ i friend, bun Ing to meet son ne *ho could I i"a si Ulan '■ Trubenbach's sister arranged for ;•. me ting, and while the couple talked or commonplace things at Hrst, they learned later thai each had v large vocabulary of endearing words. Such expressions as "Uiienas «ltas, sefiorlta," and "Hasta la vista" were soon supplanted by such endearing phrases as "To ad . querldn mla'J and "Lo mlsmo aqui Francisco." And when Trubenbach lefi Hanover lie was deeply in love with Margaret VacoU He returned i" Mexico City, and in four years made considerable money i;i the mines. Man let ters were exchanged, and yesterday they met in this city and were married :it the Union Square Hot.!. The Ide arrived • . rlj on the North <;.;•■ man l-.10.vd liner Cassel. nnd i:i!-- on Urdu ,' Tru benba«n got In from Mexico. They had mule ar rangementa to meet half way between Hanover and Mexico City and spend their honeymoon trav elling through tin- United States. T Miss Yacob's parents, who came originally from Hanover and spent many years in Valparaiso, re turned to Hanover Hglit years ago! INDIAN DIES FROM PNEUMONIA. .i.iin' s Mossiam, > Bious Indian, nineteen yean old, who h;ni been playing at the Hippodrome, died yesterday :<i Brtlevue Ho«pltal from pneumonia. With .1 number ■•t" other Indians, he had been living In a boarding house ii No Itf K.ist ...;,i - •..• He was ramoved to the on FrWay nlsbt. n is believed the boy contracted ■ •-*• i< t after per formances when heated by nia exertions. He had been a student it Carlisle. Republicans! Register to-day. Don't think because this is an "off year" your vote won't be needed. Judges, assemblymen, aldermen — all deeply concerned in the making of good or bad government— are to be elected. Do you want good government? Then don't fail to register! ARMY A\D XAVY XEV3. Security of Battleships Causes In vestigation. [From The Tribune Bureau. ] Washington. October 6. REPELLING TORPEDO ATTACKS.-A report will soon he submitted to the Navy Department containing recommendations of changes which should be made on board ships of war for the pur pose of repelling torpedo attacks. It Is coming to be realized that the torpedo is a weapon which must be reckoned with in future naval engage ments. Within the last year or two the torpedo hag been greatly improved. Its radius of action has been increased and its mechanism has been so devised that it is more effective ho dealing a how of destruction than ever before. Time was when warships carried torpedo nets, an interlaced metal well which was supported over the ship's side by means cf booms, and, when the ship was in motion, stored in the hold. This was supposed to ward off the torpedo, and In the days when that projectile had a limited range the nit served its purpose. No ships carry the torpedo net in these-days. and it is necessary to meet the advance in the effectiveness of th.> torpedo with a corresponding means of off setting its influence. A special board has been at work for some months on the problem, and has visited the various ships, looked up the records of torpedo operations, and visited the army plant at Wllleta Point, N. V.. in the accumulation of in formation which relates to the torpedo. Th« result will probably be. the recommendation of a mod erate calibre gun of the quick firing type so placed at advantageous positions on shipboard as to sweep the surrounding sea and ward off the tor pedo boat or the larger destroyer # which is coming to take the place of the former craft. Th< r will also be suggested the system of searchlight opera tion which will enable , torpedo repulsion at night when that form of attack is most to be feared. Experiments have been conducted with the search 'icht. which is also being improved, and the board will suggest positions on shipboard which may be occupied by these instruments. ARMY TEACHING FOREIGNERS.— Four officers belonging to the army of Mexico and one officer from the army nt Guatemala have been attending th.- cavalry and field artillery school at Fort Rlley. Kansas, for tho last year. This was by way of ex periment, and was a courtesy accorded the foreign governments upon requests from those sources. The reports of the progress of work on the stand ing of student officers from the commandant of the Institution at Fort Riley show that the foreign officers failed to make marks which would entitle them to be regarded as graduates. This is due to the fact that th»y wore not sufficiently familiar with the English language, and were seriously handicapped on this account. They made prog ress, however, and express themselves as fully satisfied with the work which they had undertaken. They made an especially good showing in horse manship. It is expected that two dV three of the officers will return for the course the coming winter. PRECEDENCE AT NAVY YARDS. — A long standing controversy has been ended by a single change in the phraseology of the naval regulations. There has always been more or loss trouble to de termine the respective duties of th-> so-called cap tain of the yard, the line officer next In rank to the commandant on duty at navy yards, and the civil engineer attached to the same establishment. There has been an overlapping of authority, with the result of tension and delay, in the transac tion of public business. The change which has now been effected in the regulations shows more clearly than hitherto the m rk devolving upon the line officer, who is the principal assistant of the commandant, and upon the civil engineer. Their duties aro made distinct and separate, with th.» result that the lv.l engineer does not have his orders or correspondence sent thro the captains of the yard. The change was not made until it had bpen referred to the commandant at Brooklyn and tho heads of other important navy yards. Thus one of tho most troublesome situations which has caused much friction h^g been removed. COLONEL SMITH'S REWARD. — The recent army appointment to tho grade of general officer will have the effect of giving the President an op portunity to appoint another brigadier general the present year. This will be late in December, by virtue of 'the retirement of Charles S. Smith, who became ■ brigadier genera] on October 9 on the retirement of Jtrigadler General K. 3. Godfrey. Colonel Smith Is In command of the army proving ground at Sandy Hook. He was for many years the principal assistant of the chief of ordnance- in Washington, ami Is considered tha authority on gun making. Ho Is responsible probaMy more than any other officer for tho present armament of the coast defences, and it is In recognition of this service which General Smith has •■> -i- red In a long career that ho Is made a brigadier general. He will probably remain at Sandy Hook until his retirement. <>r a short time before that. One of tho most important billets under the ordnance depart ment is the commandant of the proving ground, where all tho important tests an held, to the com mand of which it is usual to detail an officer of high standing in tho ordnance corps. The successor of General Smith has not been selected. ARMY'S REPLY TO SIMS. Colonel Weaver's Answer Believed To Be Exhaustive. ! From The Tribune Hur*au.l Washington. Oct. 6.— Colonel Erasmus M Weaver, assistant to the chief of artillery, has prepared for General Murray the answer to the strictures which Commander Sims. I". S. N passed on the army system of gunnery in a special report which ho made at the President's request. General Yoatef anil General Allen have prepared their replies, and it only nil!. for General Bell, the chief of staff. • add his commentary and the complete answer will be ready for the President, Presumably, when the President has received it. the document will be made public. . i '..i.mi. ■!■..!■•■ Sims j i ned it . : : extent his assertions c al Fbrt Monroe, which was being conducted bj an ••:»; er only recently trans !.-i v I from wry, and that spei lew •• tha poorest work • ; it was d of from '■ to 7- 1 " yards v. •• ■ v ordi egardi . Ccmniati<(« r Sims enumerate* ten or twelve rea sons why the army system of gunnery should be abandoned and t!i..t of. the navy adopted In Ita stead, bul each <>f these. Colonel Weaver refutes with apparently conclusive arguments, and he goes on to presenl with forcible logic grounds for be- lleving i lmt tin- army lias perfected a system in which returns error, to h man familiar with Us operations, is practically impossible. Some <«f Com mander Sims\s criticisms, as for instance, the as sertion that the use of telephi nea constitutes a dan gerous weakness, iiave ?»rgely lost their force, in view of the fact that Admiral Brownson has just ordered thai every battleship in the Atlantic Beet be supplied Tvifji a telephonic system of fir.- •■•. trol before blurting on the Pacific cruise. Ci lone I Weaver also makes the point that while the navy system has doubtless given excellent sat isfaction, it lias not been called on for target practice at ranges edlnfi 5.080 yards, while un der thai distance the aiming of guns Is so simple, as a result of lie Sat trajectory, that each battery should have been able to find its own range On the other hand. he army system has produced per fect sioreu. lurt per cent • f hits, at average ranges considerably exceeding 8.000 yards. «t Forts i;.ij:k;« and Strong, in Massachusetts, at Ken H. G. Wright, in New York, and at Fort l);:de. in Florida. The army officers are oonvinced that Colonel Weaver's reply will prove both exhaustive and con vincing, and tint when the President has concluded its ding he will see no oerasion for instructing that the naval system be adopted by the army. CONSOLIDATION OF CLUBS PLANNED. A plan is on foot which may lead to the elimina tion of the Oxford Club. Lafayette avenue and South Oxford street, one of the best known or ganizations of Brooklyn. The club has had diffi culty of recent years In maintaining itself in" the accustomed way. and its membership has fallen off. It appointed a committee a few days ago to meet a committee of the University Club to con sider the expediency of allowing itself to be con solidated with or absorbed by that larger society. LETTERS TO TIIE EDITOR, RAILROAD EARNINGS. Bate Charges Should Be Sufficient to Make Investment Profitable, Says Correspondent. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: The general information from railroad com panies is that the amount of freight on hand Is much greater than the roads can transport. They say money cannot be had to enable them to put their roads In a physical condition to deliver th» freight and carry passengers up to the demands of the public. The reason for such conditions 1 believe to be that those who have money to lead] or invest are indisposed to do either., in connec tion with railroads, until the people recognise the> reasonableness of rate charges that will permit the companies to pay inter, equal at least to that which la paid and earned in other lines) of business. Nobody who is acquainted with railroad construction and management would begrudge the. investors the profit made in building new roads or In improving the old ones if they received even 12 per cent yearly on their moneY honestly used In either of those ways. There Is quite as much risk in such investments as there is In mercantile manufacturing or any other legitimate business, and surely it cannot be claimed that railroads are less Important to the. wants of tho people than is any other kind of business. Stop railroad transportation for only a brief time and the people of greater New Tork would starve. It would much surpas3 the faniina of Egypt. There Is plenty of money to Invest la improving the present roads and in adding enough more roads to meet all requirements of the peoptet at a reasonable interest or dividend for Its use. provided It Is used solely for lmprovlrg and. building roads at a fair cash cost. I believe all tho states would cheerfully welcome such railroad " conditions, and I also believe- that our vigorous. Intelligent, sagacious, prudential and conscientious President, Theodore Roosevelt, would gladly and earnestly do all that is necessary on his part to further and expedite to a full consummation »ueh an important and very pressing state of railroad affalr * - DANIEL. K. ST ANTON. New York. Oct. 3. 1907. WASHIKGTON'S UTEDS. Taxpayer Says a System rt Election to Office Is Required in District. 'To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: In your paper of September 22 I noticed an article on "Washington (D. C.) Needs" by six of its leading citizens. But there, is one, Important item that is left out. probably because the 'leading citizens" do not wish it. and that is that there should be an elective local government. In order that all the citizens may make themselves felt, not only as to public improvements, but all matters affecting the rights of man and man. As it now is. a certain eel or clique are the ones that run the District government through their recommendations to Congress and the Chief Ex ecutive. A government to he truly representative must emanate from the masses, and the petitioners should be them that obtain place and position. through the votes and suffrages of said masses. If a clique composed of the lawyers, business men and Sh/»w wealthy capitalists are In a position, as at present* to act entirely independent Of said masses, of course the rights of the community as .i whole <nust be entirely Ignored. I myself am a small real estate holder in Wash ington. In a lawsuit before a justice of the peace there the Justice acted In the most outrageous man ner, ruling against me roughshod in a manner to say as plainly as words could say it (though by acts only) that the antagonist should have It all his own way. which he did. I made a representation of the matter to President Cleveland, the result of which was that this Justice was refused reappoint ment, my attorney corroborating my statements, and other complaints having been lodged against him. Be finally secured reappotntment after a laps* of four years by getting parties, my attorney iu iluded. to withdraw their letters. I have had four or five different lawyers In Washington since ISS2 In contests with business men— most of whom have basely betrayed their trusts and played into the hands of my antagonists. One of these attor neys remarked to me: "It is asking a great deal of a justice of the peace to ask him to decide a case against one of our business men." Another treach erous attorney is now holding an important District office. This thing would rot be if candidates for office depended on the votes of the people. Boston. Oct. 4. IWT. L. H. P. WOMEN PATIENTS IN FIRE PANIC. Burning Factory Also Terrifies Prisoners in District Court. There was considerable excitement am" the women r^soners of the ■■■i District Court and those at the Heartsease Home and Reading Room when || ,:• ►, is-:- from the three story building occupied by Smith & E«nhart, manufacturers at parquet end wood carpet floors, at No. 315 Weal 5M street, which stands between the prison and tne women's home. The twenty-one women prisoners, whose cells overlooked the lire, immediately began screaming, pleading tr> be released, and it was some minutes before Robert Pradley. the night watchman of the prison, could quiet them. Even then it was neces sary for him to remain within reaching distance before they ceased their shrieks to bet let out. At the Heartsease Horne 1 it was with much difficulty that several of the forty patients were restrained from Jumping out of their beds. The fire, which, according to Chief Devanny. was due to spontaneous combustion, was confined to the top fioor. The damages were estimated at $100. Coward Shoe ISIZBSUNDER^ REGULAR \ 517S ,<T* i/ r Combination Size The graduated instep and upper of the Coward Com bination Shoe, is two sizes smaller than a '■stock' model, with a snug fitting waist that prevents the toes from crowding against the end of the shoe. Widths AAA to a SUes 5 to 13 All Leathers Double or Stogie Soles SOLD NOWHERE ELSE. JAMES S. COWARD. 268-27-4 Greenwich St.. N.Y. (MAS woiu SIS I IT.) Mall Orders Filled. — - — Catalog** 5