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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 13, 1907, Image 32

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inns, dm which the quarterings were conspicuous
• •'-. by their absence, the fashion degenerated into
vulgarity and rule, <'■• ule, and to-day is abnost entirely
Queer Funeral Customs
O\"K of the i ueere I features in connection with
• ng abroad \ • ■ ; i>- i •
grim imedv, ■■■ tpi les 1 at a royal person
garded as alive until finally laid in
■• •■ tomb I' is an etiquette which belongs to a
bygone age, and savors of something akin to mock
ery, fhu ■ intil th< Lord ' haml k
breaks his wand of office over the coffin of his royal
ror i tress as n is being lowered into the
or toml • nd all the members of Ihe
household are relieved of 1 . and at nearly
every European court it is customary to th-. ; day
llustriou d< Ito hi ild a sort of levee i>r
their intermeni . whei
: ■ ■• md mci ci of thi
one by one bef
. ■ cold and • lammy hand.
E\*en still m< i
■ be enforced in Fram ■
'■ t- • to - cal regime. During
■ i ■
'.■ ■ ■

i Jrand Mast linner
of the chui
■ • ild < ■
Sire ■
■ i
■ • ■ • th j t digi
A YEAR • >r two a >:<■>. with four or five friends, I
was ■:■■•■•■. a Lir^f field near
a factory. It was six o'clock, and the workmen
were just coming (JUt A number of them stopped
t<> watch the shooting.
< >ur target was an eighteen-ineh Japanese lawn
mat stuck up at the distance of sixty yards «>n a
slender stick, as one might impale a cooky on a
knitting needle thrust through it edgewise. When
the target was hit near the center it kept its*positionj
face toward us; bui a shot near either side was
likel; to turn it edge toward us.
Wi. the factory hands were watching, one of
us hit the mat on the si<!e. It spun part way round,
so that only the edge was presented for the rest of
us to ihoot at.
"Come, Jim, run down and fix the target! You
moved it," said one of the other shooters.
"Oh, never mind," cried another member of the
group. "I shall turn it back again with this shot
The rest of us laughed but with th< very nexi
shot our friend did exactly what he had promised
to do; not only hit the mat, but turned it back
again until it faced us squarely.
We knew, of course, that it was chance; but the
rkmen from the factory did not. A week or two
later 1 heard one of them telling ac< »mpuni< that
at sixty yards one of our number could plant an
arrow exactly where he wanted to. Thai is the way
the tones oi wonderful shooting usually arise.
What Really Can Be Done
JV'/I' now what is it really possible to do with the
bow and arrow? i low tar can on< shoot, how
accurately can he direct the arrow, and how much
penetration has it ?
First, as to thi matter of uracy. No one who
:s unfamiliar with archery seems able to say more
than a few words about it before he gets round to
Robin Hood, and his peeled willow wand set up at
a hundred rods, and the "hart" which he "caused
to die" at the same distance, and the arrow oi his
rival hi< hhe split with his own shaft as it quivered
there in the very ■ • nt< rof the target. If it is not
Maj< • n i leased to din*
i.mi undisturbed." Whereupon the Ma
tonics would back out, with the three < v
-.:■ obeisances to the dead, and would ord<
meal to be taken away.
In conclusion, it may 1 • ■ ad
mission of the Empire "ol Japan into the conceri oi
Great Powers has resulted in a source of consider
ment to the various royal fan .
Europe, just in connection with the question oi
mourning. The court of Tokk) extreme punc
tilious about going into mourning oi
iif any foreign ■ ivereign or i
mage; in fad . it has been km n 1
ning for European royalties a i
times in one year When, however. th<
mother died sometime ago, and her dei
illy notified to the various foreign •■■
ments by the Japanese Ambassad kdded
thai "Her Majesty has pas ed
■ tit-, of the Shinto faith," no notice
iken thereof, the European courts I
ground that as long as a monarch went in i |
For polygamy, maintaining a harem, a d
Per ia, oi Ej pi nd of
Mor they i ann >t ex] ted on thi
. as Chr ■ ■
We •
England' relatioi ' [apai
can no li >nger

• ■
Ga ze 111 1 c court i
Drawings by Joseph Clement Coll
Robin Hood, it is sure to be "The Indians." that
lovely generic term tt-himl the ample shelter of
which the most ignorant can hide.
Most of the Robin Hood st«>nes may be dismissed
without rgumeni They are impossible; beyond
the jx«\\er either of man or weapons. The charming
outlaw <>f Sherwood Forest was undoubtedly a great
archer. very likely the best who ever lived; but if
he had heard the stories of the feats which are
attributed to him he would have used the peeled
willow wand as a ini.irterstall. and laid it on lustily
at shorter range than a hundred rods.
A for the prevailing and persistent belief in the
skill of the North American Indians, that too is
mostly myth. They were, and are. among the
poorest archers who have ever lived. The popular
misconception concerning their shooting has come
about very simply and naturally. The few persons
now living who saw the P lins Indians in the days of
the bo« and arrow are fond of telling of the ease
with which the Redmen shot their arrows entirely
through the body of a buffalo. This need not be
doubted for .1 moment. The Indians used short,
powerful bows, and they rode up to within a few
Feet <>f their <juarrv before they loosed the shaft.
There are scores of men to-day, hite men. who
practise archery in England and America merely
as a pastime, • ho could do the same thing with
As to the accuracy <>i Indian archery, most oi
the stories rejjardin^ it may be traced to summer
boarders, who have seen Indians knock pennies
fro.m the ends of split sticks. \. doubt they do
this; but the distance is usually only ten or fifteen
yards, and ometii less; arid by no means do
they hit the penny at every .-hot. 'as the summer
>ardei - commonly report.
The fait of the matter is that the only bow which
is itled t<> any respect as a weapon of accuracy
is the English longbow. !do not mean by this that
a good bow must necessarily have been made in
I.nvi.mil. lor o^uite as good archery tackle is made
'•" the I nit. .1 States; but I mean only that the bow
should have an approximate length of six feet
should be made ol one of the two or three woods
which the experience of .1 thousand years has shown
t>> be the best, and should have certain character
istics of shape which the same experience has justi
fied. Lei us take such a bow as this, with the carefully
made arrows intended for it. and see what it is
capable of doing. There are abundant records
going back many years, both in Midland and A:-<.r
ica, so that there is no need to draw ttpon ;. vtbing
but facts.
The Greatest Modern Archer
TI 1 E greal archer of modern times was Hi race
■■• Ford, an Englishman, who did his iren al !e
shifting in the *so's and 'bo's. The regul ! •. tar
get used then for archery as a sport was -.;:r.e
as that used to-day. li was four feet ::: • ter,
about as large as the end of a hogshead, afi :<:rd
into a central circle, nine inches in diami _■,]
the gold, and four rings — red, blue. ;■ R.i
white — each about lour and one-half inti:^
Shooting seventy-two arrows at this targtt at
one hundred yards. Ford more than i ■ made
seventy-one hits, and seldom missed :: •■■• than
t\\ or three times. At eighty yards and • sixty
yards he rarely failed to put all his arrow;: : t ,. : ;~' e
target. But that is not all. At one hundred yards
he placed in the gold — the nine-inch center — . n
more than one occasion all three of the arro i:ch
it is customary to shoot at one "end." thai • :'. re
walking down to the target to recover thi hafts.
At sixty yards his shooting was usually so ; .:..:-.»
that every shot of twenty-four successive n .vs
would hit inside a twenty-inch circle.
Xo one in America has ever quite equ; '.■ ': tha
splendid shooting of Ford at target: but '* .11.
Thompson of Seattle Washington. Robert V.V
of Washington. D. «.'.. and George Phillips i'r ant ti
Boston have made scores which arc not i:;r r:hy
of comparison with his.
Shooting on the Wing
•"THERE is another kind of archery.— in -
•*■ a higher and more charming kind.— a
an American has made records that i even
Robin Hood need have been ashamed < : . ■ 1
of archery referred 16 is "roving." — shtx I • i : V
mark that urTers. bir<: or beast or inanimri
at unknown and constantly varying distan< : 1
t ie American who was the master archer .. ;
the late Maurice Thompson. With : ;
was not only the implement of a deligl ' ■ •,
it was a weapon with which to hunt ••■• -.: 1
procure a dinner in the wilderness. Hoy *:*
had mastered his weapon may be judge ■ c
fact that he was seen to hit a lead pencil ! rr.es
in succession, stuck up in the ground " nee
of tt-n yards: and at twelve yards he It .r-v
seven out of fifty glass balls thrown :■..•■ • 'r.
That is wing shooting which many a mar ! ! a
satisfied to do with the shotgun.
.... with the longbov "1
the killing of hundreds of birds on the ' ii ~ : c
of his feats were transfixing a single pKivi ••.::»
on the beach at a distance of one hundrt :■'.-,
— though this was no doubt partly ehai :.l
killing bear, panthers, and much other : i
game with the bow and arrow.
The reader who bears in mind that not) ■■ I
here is from hearsay, but in every case i
of record, will n>>w perceive that the b< ■■■ ■ ■ !j
of one who knows how to use it is a -
accurate weapon. Indeed, the greatest t
archery is the accuracy which lies in tl tls
implements, coupled with the extrem> ./
of so adjusting the nervous ; t r.d muscul n
a> to develop that accuracy.
The Bow's Extreme Ran^e
'T'llF. extreme range of the bow is an>
A about which there is much miso r It
this field t«><> the romancer is at home an ! ■ 1
it is more difficult to dislodge him from i
the field of accuracy.
Tl:e reason N j!a:n. The bow. unlike .: 3
a weapon the range of which depends <.:■" : :i
the strength and mastery of him wl:
Tofday archery is merely a" sport, yr.. I
paratively few. The skill of those i v
well known, and therefore it i< not .. t
to fix the extreme range of the bow f
But when one g"e> back a few ] . ->
to that dim an
tiquity in which the
romancer loves to
take refuge, the case
i- different. Then
the bow was the
national weapon of
defense ;and because
it was that, men
were raised up
to the use of it
from boy
hood. The ability
to shoot far is de
pendent almost as
much upon the
knack of using the
muscles as upon the
l«>sscssi.>n »>t them,
and •• is not incredi
ble that in times
when this knack
was acquired in
youth and exercised
all through life,
archers arose who,
having both the
knowledge and the
strength, were able

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