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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 13, 1907, Image 4

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7
RAILWAY MANCEUVRES.
STRIKE MAY BE AVERTED.
< — —
"Richard Bell to Announce Result of
Negotiations To-day.
[Special by French Cable to The Tribune.]
[CapSTlgkt. l'.*n. ty The Trlbane Association.]
London. Oct. 12.— Manoeuvres are continued in
the railway controversy with a view to drag
ging the government into a general trade union
campaign. Richard Bell is expected to announce
at Bradford to-morrow the result of his negotia
tions with the council of railway companies for
a preliminary conference respecting the recogni
tion of the Amalgamated Society. The council is
controlled by Lord Claud Hamilton, Lord Stal
bridge and I^ord Allerton, shrewd and courage
ous men, who have never concealed their pur
peae of making: a firm stand against the recogni
tion of {be trade unionists in the interest of the
shareholders. They justify their refusal on tho
ground that the non-unionists form a majority
of the entire force employed by the companies,
end that the minority Is not entitled to preferen
tial treatment. Mr. Bell will probably avoid
Inflammatory language, since he wants the
moral support of public opinion and sympathetic
action of the Board of Trade, but he will insist
upon having a decisive verdict from the trade
unionists, to whom the question of a general
trlke has been referred.
The result of the voting in progress among
the railway servants will be known early in No
vember, but a strike is not likely to occur be
fore December, and probably will be averted
altogether. The conciliation act, while not arm
ing the Board of Trade with compulsory powers,
eoee authorize intervention in a strictly quail
fled form when disastrous results arc appre
fcended. Lloyd George will not neglect the op
portunity of bringing official pressure to bear
upon the companies. Mr. Bell knows how help
ful the Board of Trade can be in influencing
public opinion, and he Is playing for official in
tervention after the Amalgamated Society has
authorized the executive committee to order a
*trlke. The general effect of the manoeuvres
conducted by him has been a large Increase in
the membership of the Amalgamated Society
end preliminary action for welding together all
the railway trade onion* into a federation be
fore the co-ordinate activities of the railway
companies are forced to make a strenuous fight.
*rhll* they Ftlll have ndvantages of position.
I. N. F.
A SERVIAN CRISIS.
Ring Peter Turning to Austria for
Protection.
[From a Special Correspondent of tiM Tribune.]
Vienna. Oct. —The illness of Kaiser Francis
Joseph, which it is feared may become serious.
Is being watched by the King of Servia and his
ministers with an intensity of interest which
will scarcely be surpassed elsewhere in Europe.
That is because their personal future and prob
fi!y th» future of the Servian kingdom depend
largely upon the continuance of the venerable
monarch's r<=-ign The recent bold assassina
tions of anti-regicides at Belgrade, two of them
having teen done to death in prison in the
presence of one of the King's ministers, have
moved some of the great powers to demand ex
planations from the Servian government. This
step, following upon the protracted refusal of
various powers to recognize the present Servian
monarch until he had purged his court of the
fisrassins of his predecessor, has caused much
ernaHon at Belgrade, and has driven King
Peter to turn for protection to the traditional
foe of his race, the Hapsburg Emperor.
It has just become known, that King Peter
and nis Prime Minister, Mr. PaMtch, have al
most concluded a convention with the Austro-
Hungarian government, under which, on the
one hand, the Kaiser would guarantee the
maintenance of King Peter and the Karageorge
vitch dynasty on the Servian throne, and on the
other hand the Kingdom of Servla would bo
placed under the protection and practical suze
rainty of Austria. The negotiations to this end
ere now interrupted by the Kaiser's illness, and
their resumption is contingent upon his restora
tion to health. Such an arrangement would be
most repugnant to a large part of the Servian
people, and might provoke a rebellion, but King
Peter is believed to regard it as the only means
of securing his tenure of the throne. That BUCh
f) com pa would be acquiesced in by the con
cert of the powerg is scarcely within the limits
Df possibility.
TROOPS KEEP PEACE IN MILAN.
Business Resumed in Evening —
— Trouble at Bologna.
Milan, Oct. 12.— The workmen's executive
fOUJliHffir In spite of the clamors raised by the
milkers, has declared against a general strike
throughout ItaJy.
All the public buildings and railroad stations,
e> well as the shops, are guarded by troops.
"Work in all the factories here ceased this
jnorning and traffic on the ctreet railroads
ttopped. The railroads to the north are still
running, but the newspapers of this city did
not appear to-day and nearly all the 6tores
•were closed. Reinforcements of infantry and
cavalry have arrived here.
The Bourse closed this evening with no.njal
prices prevailing.
To-night many shops reopened and street
traffic was resumed. The strikers have divided
Into companies of about one thousand men
each and are parading through the streets,
singing revolutionary songs.
The elertr^al workers have decided to go
put.
A general strike has been declared at
Bologna in sympathy with the strike here, but
there has been no disturbance there.
WILL NOT BUY ROYAL DIADEM.
Brussels Will Allow Gift to Late Queen To
Be Sold at Auction.
Br^ -«■;?. Oct. 12.— The municipality of Brussels
has decided not to purchase the diadem of the late
Queen of the Belgians, deeming it not sufficiently
valuable as a work of art to render Its retention in
the country desirable.
This diadem m-as presented to the Queen by the
people of Belgium on the occasion Of her silver
wedding anniversary. It cost $30,000. Together
with other royal Jewel?, It has been placed on sale
•t auction, the proceeds to be devoted to paying
the debts of Trlncess Louise, one of the Qu^n's
daughters
GUATEMALA SENDS PEACE ENVOYB.
Ean Salvador. Oct. )2.-Batre» Jaurequtn and San
chez Occana. the delegates appointed to represent
Guatemala at the Central American peace confer
ence to be held in Washington next month, have
•ailed for the United States.
You did not register yesterday? You meant
to do *c, but forgot it. V/cIl, there will be one
more chance. The books will be open to-mor
row from 7 a . m. to 10 p m. ' |f they close with
, out your name you v/i!! have lost your chance to
ttoie. P.tgi&tcr to-morrowl
THE TRIBUNE'S FOREIGN NEWS.
JVOTES FROM LONDON.
The King's Return— Pageant for
Lord Mayor's Shore.
[Special by French Cable to The Tribune. 3
ICopyrlgijt. 1907. by The Tribune Association.]
London, Oct. 12.— The King's return from Bal
moral on Monday will be the signal for the
br-ak-up of the Scottish season. London ie
already showing many Bipns of social animation,
with the opera in progress, the hotels filled with
gueets for smart weddings, and brilliant au
diences for the first nights at the theatres, yet
with autumn weather unrivalled for many years
it is losing many of the oldest residents. Famous
houses arc not occupied, and the sales of fash
ionable residences are frequent at prices below
their valuation. I'rople of moderate means are
being starved out by high taxation and driven
Into the country, whore economy is possible.
The Lord Mayor's show will follow the fashion
for pageantry and he transformed into a royal
spectacle.
Much of the usual mummery will b« dispensed
with, and there will be a spectacular exhibition
of the sis royal Edwards, beginning with the
Confessor, each sovereign being attended by
mounted guards, court if rs and pages in the
costume of the period. As Louis N. Farker. the
professional pageant maker, will be the master
of ceremonies, it will be n One town show- and
draw an enormous crowd.
The actresses are carrying the plays, whether
old or new. Lily Brayton has reached her high
est level as Rosalind at His Majesty 1 ?, and it is
one of the best performances seen In h dozen
years. Oscar Asche is a perfect Jacques, and
the revival of "As You Like It" is highly artistic
and satisfactory. Lena Ashwell has triumphed
as an emotional actress in -Irene Wycherley.
Anthony P. "Whai-ton's powerful problem play
with coarse, repellant realism. Alfred Butro's
"Barrier- is below tha level of his recent work.
but Marie Tempest saves th" situation by her
versatility as an actress in a new lino of emo
tional work. Mrs. Ryley's "Sugar Bowl" is a
sentimental hut wholesome play, light in text
ure and delicate In art. Ellis Jeffreys and
Frederick Kerr are required to make it popular.
The next new play will be "The Mollusk." with
Sir Charles Wyndham and Marie Moore in parts
closely fitted for them.
Kubellk's recital at Queen's Hall created
much enthusiasm, as there was a varied pro
gramme, and his playing was coMplCWms for
dignity, strength and brilliancy of techniQ.ua,
The galleries of tho Institute of Oil Painters
are crowded to-day for a private view of the
unusually good collection of over four hundred
works. Sargent's blue and yellow "Mountains
of Ifoab" and George Withcrbee^s "Three Marine
Idyls 11 are the principal American works. There,
are good portraits "by the Scottish painters Sir
lanes Outhrle and Sir George Reid, and an in
teresting one, of Mrs. George Leveson Gower. by
H. .T. Stock. Sir Ernest Waterlow and Frank
Walton !*a4 In the landscapes, and Moffat Lind
ner has th« Whistler cartoons.
Fir Cedl Spring Rice, British Minister at
Teheran, Is among the visitors In diplomatic
circles.
Lr.rd Rosebrry. who Is unveiling the statue
of Queen Victoria at Leith to-daj-. will ba In
London next week for the marriap* of his
nephew. Lieutenant Wyndham. with M.as
Gladys Farquhar.
Two envoys of the rival sultans of Morocco
are here with sealed letters in Arabic for King
Edward, and the court officials hardly know
what to do with them, as they are outspoken
in hostility to France. L N. F.
FRANCO-MOROCCAN NEGOTIATIONS.
Officials at Rabat Dfsire an Understand
ing — The Sultan Hopeful.
Rabat. Oct. 12.— Negotiations between the
French Minister to Morocco, M. Regnault, and
Ben Sliman, the former Foreign Minister, nra
advancing. The Moroccan authorities nre show
ing an earnest desire to reach a solution of the
pending questions as Finn as possible.
At an audience giv^n to the French news
paper men here to-day by Abd-el-Azla the Sul
tan renewed his expression of complete satis
faction with the action taken by France In
Morocco and v. lth a hrond fsmlle, said he
thought his brother. Mulal Haflg. the fo-callei
Sultan of the South, "has been palsied by the
tribes at Morocco City, and. with the aid r.f
God, he will soon ccc his error and return to
his allegiance."
AIRSHIP OVER BERLIN AT MIDNIGHT.
Military Balloonista Successfully Carry Out
Unusual Experiment.
Berlin, Oct. Some military halloonlsts carried
out an unusual experiment last night. At about
midnight they ascended from a shed at Tegel. Fix
miles northwest of •Bftrlin, sailed over tlus city
and manoeuvred over the roofs for nearly an hour,
Invisible to the citizens.
Toward the enfl ef the journey n. heavy dew
caused the airship to descend almost to Hie ground
In the centre of the city. Pedestrians saw a great
yellow mass hovering for a few moments imme
diately ever the electric lights and then a shower
of water ballast caused the crowd which assem
bled to disperse quickly. The balloon then dis
appeared In the darkness* and returned to Tegel.
LABOR TO BENEFIT BY TREATY.
Anglo-French Agreement Will Extend Em
ployers' Liability Act.
Pad*, Oct. 12.— France is about to sign a treaty
with Great Britain guaranteeing the subjects of
their respective countries, residing lespectivoly in
Great Britain or France, the benefits of the
stoyers* liability set
Th<» employers" liability art is a British law
adopted in 1889. In brief, it provides that em
ployers Bhall compensate workmen who are in
jured in consequence of any defect in the condi
tion of tha works or machinery connected with
the business of the employer, or by reason of tho
negligence of any individual in the service of tho
employer. If the Injury results in death the legal
personal lepieseutatl w of the workman have the
sunif: rlßlit of compensation and remedies against
the employer as if the victim had not been In the
service of the employer.
IMPORTANT WORK FOR AMERICANS.
Reynolds Commission to Inquire Into Com
mercial Treaty with Germany.
Berlin. Ort. 12. — The United States commission
headed by James B. Reynolds, Assistant Secretary
of the Treasury, now at Budapest, la expected to
arrive ht-re on Tuesday to study export aod other
renditions here. Various official appointments
have been made for the members of th« com
mission, who have accepted an invitation to a
banquet to bo given in their honor on October 19
by the American Association of Commerce.
The Inquiries which the commissioners will make
In Germany are regarded as having considerable
importance. They will examine tha working* of
the new commercial agreement between the TTnlted
States end Germany, against which many Ameri
can complaints have been made in connection with
Bsnaaa interpretations of. Un terns.
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1007
RIG GUNS AND BIG SHIPS
SUPREMACY UNASSAILED.
Highest Bursting Charge for Shells
Urged by French Admiral.
[Special by French Cable to Th» Trltmne.]
I Copyright, ISX>7. by The Tribune Aimnclatlon.)
Paris, Oct. 12.— The adverse criticism on the
British battleship Dreadnought's guns made by
Admiral Germinet, the newly appointed com
mander of the Mediterranean Squadron — crit
icism which would apply with equal force to
the 12-lnch guns of the battleship Maine and
other American ships tested in the recent tar
gret practice Off Cape Cod — has been somewhat
inaccurately interpreted. The highest French
naval authorities In France, including Admirals
Gorvaie. Fournlcr and Germinet.. express the
opinion that nothing: has yet been discovered
that can replace the supremacy of big guns and
big ships. This, however, does not prevent Ad
niiral Germinet from urging the adoption of
the highest possible bursting charges for proj
ectiles, such as were so effectively used by the
Japanese at Fushlma.
The Japaneso remain absolutely silent In re
gard to the technical artillery lessons of that
battle, but trustworthy reports have reached
Paris through Russian sources showing that
Admiral Togo used armor piercing shot and
armor piercing shell In that engagement. The
deadly effect recorded of guns firing projectiles
with a high bursting charge from which ema
nate poisonous gases such as oxide of carbon
and dioxide of azote was due to the fact that on
the modern warship the atmosphere for the
crew to breathe Is forced into tho interior of the
ship by air pumps, and a highly charged shell
bursting on deck n^ar a ventilator would till
the ship with poisonous gases, asphyxiating all
who inhale them. The use of these high burst-
Ing charges is not specifically prohibited by
The Hague court, and such explosives are in
cluded in the regular supply of ammunition
issued to the American. French, British, Ger
man, Russian and Japanese navies, and would
doubtless be used In case of hostilities, although
perhaps contradictory to the spirit nt The
Hngu« tribunal. Xo high bursting charge has
yet been made that at times does not give forth
poisonous gases when exploded.
A naval expert Just returned from Russia
states that the Russian offlcerF say that decks
provided with 2-inch armor will prevent pena
tratlon of shells with high bursting chaises,
such as were employed by Admiral Togo at
Fushima. consequently all the new Ruselan
eliips are to havo armor protection on every
deck.
Meanwhile n new Invention has been tested
by the naval authorities of the t'nlted States,
France and Japan which enables projectiles
fired by 12-inch or 305-millimetre guns to with
stand without explosion the tremendous press
ure to which they are subjected, and thus per
mits them to retain th^!r enormous penetrating
power combined with higher bursting Charges
than have ever yet been employed in actual war
fare. This invention is kept secret, but In prin
ciple It is eald to be based upon a double acting
time fuse.
In confirmation of the overwhelming euprem
acy "f big guns and big ships It is not»d that
not "»ly Russia, but Japan herself. Is bulMlng
battleships embodying the same principles as
the Dreadnought — that Is. with artillery com
posed exclusively of 12-inch guns for battle and
smaller quick-firers for use against torpedo at
tacks O. L B.
THE HAGUE PROGRAMME.
Plenary Sessions This Week — Last
Meeting on October 22.
The Hague. Oct. 12.— A plenary session of the
peoeo conference will be held on Wednesday
next to approve th« measure for the ootteeUoa
of contractual debts and the resolutions re
garding obligatory arbitration and the interna
tional high court of Justice.
There will also be a special session of the con
ference on Wednesday, at which Senor Estavs
(Mexico) and Count Tornielll (Italy) will sign
the arbitration treaty concluded h«re between
Mexico and Italy.
On Friday a plenary session of the confer
ence will be called to approve tho final act, and
on Monday, October 21, there will be another
plenary session for slgnlns the final act end the
conventions, leaving six months In which the
adhesions of the various governments to the
conventions are to bo received.
The closing session of the conference will he
held on October 22. when President Nelidoft will
propose sending a cable message of appreciation
from the conference to President Roosevelt for
his action in bringing about th« convocation or
the conference.
Monstsnor Giovannlnl, the Papal Internunno
her**, in an Interview to-d;iy, said that tho fear
expressed by members of the special commis
sion which is drafting tho final act ol the peai a
conference that if it should be left open the
Pope might adhere to It, thus becoming by rishi
a member of future peace conferences, was not
Justified, as the Vatican had no intention ol
taking part In conferences unless Invited to
do so.
MINISTERIAL CRISIS FEARED.
King of tho Belgians in Deadlock with Par
liament on Congo Question.
Brussels, Oct. 12.— The question Of the Congo In
dependent State appears to have reached a dead
lock. Neither parliament nor the King is willing
to give way. The Cabinet held a long meeting
yesterday and decided te submit a series of new
propositions to the King. In political circles an
other ministerial crisis is feared.
Wouters Dustin Uaa brought suit against the
ciown domain of the Congo Independent State fur
$1,200,000 damages on the ground " the non-execu
tion of a contract entered Into betw< < representa
tives of the crown domain nn<l tho I'llulutin*. i
I »
APPEAL FOR KARL HAU ARGUED.
Revision of Sentence of Death in Molitor
Case Asked in Leipsic.
I.eipsii'. Oct. IS.— Tha hearing of the uppeul for
the revision of the sentence of death imposed on
July 23 on Proftsser Karl Han, formerly of Wash
ington, convicted of the murder of his mother-in
law, Frau Molitor. at Uadcn-Uaden on November
5 last, began her«s to-day. The small courtroom
was crowded. The condemned man was repre
sented by Dr. Diets, who defended him during hie
trial at Karlsruhe.
The evidence taken at the trial was read in court,
after which Dr. DletE demanded a revision of tli«
sentence on forty-four grounds, the chief ones be
ing that the Jury had been influenced by statements
appearing in the press, and supposed to emanate
from the Judges, that the accused undoubtedly was
guilty, and the publication of the false report that
Hau had confessed.
The state's attorney demanded the rejection of
the appeal, practically reviewing all the evidence
presented In behalf of the prosecution. The deci
sion of the court will be delivered next Tuesday.
■ ■ ' • —
Do you know this? If you do not register
and enroll as a Republican this fall you cannot
vote at the Presidential primaries in the spring.
Register to-morrow! The books will bs open
from 7a. :... to 10 p. m. You can find the ad
dress of your rcaistration placo in this paper.
PATRIOTISM IN FRANCE
Policies of Premier Clemenceau and
Minister Briand Approved.
[Special by French Cable to The Tribune.]
[Copyright. 1807. by The Tribune Association.]
Paris, Oct. 12. — Premier Clemenceau and Min
ister Briand. persistently accused by their po
litical opponents of having the merely destruct
ive ability popularly attributed to extreme So
claJlets, have once again proved that their abil
ities are singularly constructive and ready for
grave emergencies. MM. Clemenceau and Bri
and both keep their ears very close to the
ground, and they were the first to detect the
genuineness of the outbursts of patriotism,
especially in the country districts, that mark
the departure of the young conscripts, who in
course of the present month leave their homes
to serve under the colors. The government sails
are trimmed to suit the public patriotic trend,
and another effective blow has been given by
the Radical and the Radical Socialist congress
at Js'ancy to the "Herv^-Jaurfts anti-militarism,
which is now condemned and ostracised by their
former comrades, such as MM. Pelletan and
Berteaux. The true meaning of the decisions of
the Nancy congress Is that no Uadlcal or Radi
cal Socialist can, without excluding himself
from his party, oast a vote for Herve or Jaures
or for any of their disciples. This comes at the
right moment for MM. Clemenceau and Briand,
who now seem assured of a strong working ma
jority when parliament assembles at the end of
the present month.
Premier Olemenceau and Minister Briand have
further given an example of practical common
sense by announcing that from November 1
until the close of the parliament session no
minister can accept under any circumstances an
Invitation to leave Paris to make speeches or
take part in the ceremonies of the unveiling
of etatues, banquets or other official Junketings.
They have decided to remain In Paris and at
tend to their regular business. Singularly
enough, this is the first tim« that a French Cab
inet has had th« pluck to take such a stand
against local pressure from their constituents In
the departments. C. I. B.
HEALTH OF EMPEROR.
Heart Action Uncertain — No Catas
trophe Likely to Affect Monarchy,
[Special by French Cable to The Tribune.]
[Copyrlilit, J907, by The Tribune Association.]
London, Oct. 12. — Prominent diplomatists take
a more serious view of tho health of the Em
peror of Austria than the bulletins from Vienna
seem to Justify. They have information that
tho bronchitis which explains the postponement
of the visit of tho King and Queen of Spain is
not the main ground for apprehension, but that
the aged sovereign's heart action is feeble and
uncertain .-vnd has frightened tho doctors and
court officials. Their uneasiness Is not allayed
by th» reports that the Emperor persists in at
tending to state business and making light of
his ailments, since he hns always been an un
manageable and headstrong patient.
Even If the pessimism which the diplomatists
d<"> not conceal be well founded the forecasts of
evil following the close of an eventful reign are
not likely to ba fulfilled. Th« prolonged nego
tiations between the halves of the Austro-
Hungarlan monarchy have been carried to
agrt*»i:ientb signed by the ministers, and tho
arrangements for the continuance of tho part
nership for another decade, if not longer, aro
virtually settled. Although the results must
still b« sanctioned by the two parliaments, a
crisis In domestic affairs has been tided ovet
and no catastrophe likely to break up tho mon
archy Is probable, even if the sovereign's con
valescence be more illusory than th« dispatches
from Vienna represent. The relations between
Budapest and Vienna are loss strained than
for a long period, and this is at leant for tho
moment a more Important result than anything
accomplished at The Hague during the closing
sessions e>f the unfortunate peace congress.
I. N. F.
A PEACEFUL SUCCESSION.
Germany Expects Hungary Will Accept
Francis Ferdinand as Ruler.
Berlin, Oct. 12. — The prevailing official opinion
hfra la that, should Emperor Francis Joseph of
Austria die in the near future, tho transfer of
the crown to Archduko Francis Ferdinand would
tuke- plaeo without a shock to tho dual mon
archy and without a controversy of moment
arising between Hungary and the now sovereign.
This opinion is based on a careful study of the
personalities "f the Hungarian and Austrian
statesmen and knowledge of the private poli
cies of tho Austrian court. Tho German gov
ernment has horn careful for years to be al
ways in possession of full Information regarding
the Austrian situation. During the present
period of doubt concerning the r<-Milt of the
Austrian Bmperer's illness telegraphic reports
on tho subject have been received by Emperor
William twice a day from Schflnbrunn Castle.
The policy of the Bmperor, In preparation f<>r
the succession, has been to push Archduke Fran
cis Ferdinand forward, and take no decision of
Importance without the iHti*»r knewlns/all about
the tubject. This has been especially true of
Hungarian questions, and tho Hungarian lead
era have thus been brought In persona] con
tact with the heir apparent. They found him to
t.e a man with whom it waj possible to work,
and they have accustomed tnemsetvej to the
Ides that they will have to accept him as Em
peror-Klng. A couple of weeks ago, when
Count Andraasy, the Hungarian Minister of the
Interior, saw the Emperor and desired to dis
cum with him certain disputed points, of the
pending settlement of the commercial and other
Austro-llungariun controversies, his majesty re
ferred the. minister to the archduke. This au
dience had the result of makjng a settlement
possible, and Count Andrassy went back to
Budapest with a higher opinion of the arch
duke'i conciliatory qualitlea.
The Hungarian leaderH accept as a necessary
outcome that Archduke Krnncis Ferdinand will
become Klnp under the compromise arrange
ment of 1*67. The reasons which hold Hun
gary and Austria together are deemed to be of
Immensely greater importance than the person
of the sovereign. Therefore, according to offlciul
opinion here, tho succession v.ll! puss from
Francis Joseph to Francis Ferdinand without
protest from responsible men In Hunsury.
Tho government officers h*-ri: say that tho
death of the Austrian Bmperor naturally will
be followed by ■" few days of conjecture', sensa
tional rumors and fantastic prophecies, hut they
add that this will give place to the usual quiet.
GENERAL DELANEY IN RUSSIA.
St Petersburg, Oct. 12 —General Delaney. of the
general staff of the French army, arrived here to
day from Paris. It is thought that Ike geaeral'a
visit is In connection with Persian affuirs.
FRANCOIS COPPEE SINKING.
Paris. Oct. IZ.— Francois CVippe>. the French au
thor, who has been confined to his bed for some
time. Is to-day reported to be very weak. His
physician* issued a bulletin this evening, saying
that his condition was not co critical as had been
rt-i>orU;d.
TO KEEP WORKS OF A KT.
French Demand for Law to Prevent
Them from Going Abroad.
[Spoclal by French Cable to Th« Tribune.]
[Copyrlrht. 1007. by The Tribune Association. 1
Paris, Oct. 12.— At the meeting of the Academy
of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres yesterday the
conversation turned upon the recent purchase
by Mrs. Collis P. Huntlngton of the famous Rem
brandt picture in the Kann collection. "The
Philosopher," for which Mrs. Huntington paid
1,400.000 francs, the equivalent of $250.000,
tho opinion of the Academy being that some
law should be passod preventing the works
of the old masters and other classic monu
ments from being taken from France. No one.
however, nuggested a practical solution.
M. Maspero, who read a report to the Academy,
announced that the barrage for the Irrigation of
the Nile has done irreparable damage to the
ancient monuments, which have been submerged,
especially to the famou>J Temple of Phil». which
was flooded by water from mid-December until
April. The new irrigation scheme, in his opinion,
will do even greater damage yet. for the Tem
ple of Phllee will bo submerged 25 feet. The
Egyptian government has Intrusted to him
the work of carefully copying all tho In
scriptions on the famous temple. "But," says
M. Maspero. "the temple must be consid
ered lost forever, seeing that the foundations
are saturated like a sponge and the land Is un
dermined. In thirty years at most the temple
will have disappeared."
AMONG THE NEW BOOKS OF THE WEEK.
Juven Issues "Confessions dune Prlncesse," by
Jules Hoche. being the diary of the Princess
Louise de Saxe up to the date of her recent mar
riage with Slgnor Toselli; Pellerin publishes
"La Conspiration de Malet," the interregnum of
a few hours on the night of October 21. Isl2.
when General Malet nearly became master of
the Central government, written by Max Blllard.
and from Fasquelle comes "L'Autre Femme," a
1 novel by Louis Payen. describing the idyl of
an up-to-date young woman of vigorous, virile
temperament and a youth whose Intellect Is of
the feminine rather than the masculine type.
C. L B.
PRIME MINISTER'S POST.
To Be Warden of Cinque Ports-
Financial Policy Approved.
[Speolal bjr Franca Cabl* to Ta« Trlbun*.]
[Copyright. IPOT. by The Tribune Association.]
London, Oct. 12. — The most interesting politi
cal rumor points to the Prime Minister as the
successor of the Prince of ales as the Warden
of the Cinque Ports. The Prince succeeded Lord
Curaoa against his will, as he already has more
business of a ceremonial order than he can
. manage, and the resignation relieves him from
the obligation of satisfying the local demands
of Dover for official pomp. The Prime Minister
follows Lord Salisbury's precedent If he takes
the vacant post and the Cinque Ports have the
next best thing to roya'ty. Walmer Ca%tlß will
be a convenient week-end residence during the
winter.
His health is Improved and there Is no re
vival of the talk about his retirement from
public life. He Is more necessary than ever as
i the Liberal leader In the House of Commons
since the campaign against the Lords has been
proclaimed, and he has powerful support from the
financial classes and their most Influential men.
"The Economist" warmly supports him when it
sounds a warning that the House of Lords wIU.
meekly acquiesce In the destruction of Free
Trade If the tariff reformers return to power,
and reminds the wealthy taxpayers that for
every pound which he may call upon them to
pay for social reform they lost a clean hundred
In Increased taxation and depreciated Invest
ments through Mr. Chamberlain's war policy.
I. N\ F.
CHURCH TO PICK CENSORS
Action in Rome Follorcing En
cyclical Against Modernism.
Rome. Oct. 12.— 1n pursuance of the Papal
encyclical, published September 10. on the sub
ject of modernism, and condemning books or
newspapers of moricrnlat tendency, "which must
not be let In the hands of any pupil In the uni
versities or seminaries." twelve censors will be
appointed to examine all periodical publications
llkt ly to Bad their way into the Catholic uni
versities or schools.
All Catholic dally newspapers are ordered to
but.ir.it to these censors advance proofs of any
articles on subjects which are apt to arouse
any controversy.
DISfItANCHISEMENT KEPT UP.
Well Known Russian Teacher Loses Vote
Because of Liberal Views.
St. Petersburg. Oct. 13.— electoral commis
sion of St. Petersburg province, continuing its ef
forti to divest all prominent Liberals of electoral
rights, decided to-day against the eligibility on a
technical quibble of Vladimir Hesaen. a Constitu
tional Democra* ol St. Petersburg, who is a Jew
und a well known leashsr.

FRENCH RIVERS SUBSIDING.
St. Etlenne. Oct. 12.— The Rhone, the Loire and
other rlvi n of Bouthera France are subsiding rap
i.iiy to-day.
K«r other forelsa news s«« fifth inure.
■"• EASY FOOD
Kraily for Instant t'se Without Cooldnjr.
Almost every oue iikfn v cereal f«">od of eomo
klucl at breakfast anil supper, but tho ordinary
way of cooking cereals, results iv a pasty mass
that is hard to digest, and If not properly diK^st
ed, the raw mass Roes down into the luteetinal
tract, where j;:>3 is geueruteU and trouble fol
lows.
Every one knows that good food properly dl
geotft] ktH'i>s tie body well, while poor food, or
even food of good quality that Is poorly pre
pared nnd not digested, is sure to bring ou some
kind of disease.
The easiest food to digest in this line is Orape-
Nuts, nmil<! troiu wheat aud barley, and cooked
thoroughly at the factory, some twelve to six
teen hours being consumed In the different proc
esses of preparation. The food, therefore, Is
ready tor instant service aud the starch has
been changed to a tonn of sugar, so that It Is
predlgested and ready for almost Immediate ab
sorption.
A Chicago young lady writes that she suffered
for years from indigestion and dyspepsia from
the use of food that was not suitable to her
powers of digestion. She says :
"I began using Grape-Nuts, and I confess to i
baring bad a prejudice at first, and was repeat
edly urged h*-forv I Dually decided to try the
food, but I have not known what Indigestion is
since, using ir. aud have never been stronger or
lit better health. I have Increased in weight
from l(>0 to 124 pounds."
People <;«n be well, practically without cost,
if th*y will adopt scientific food and leave Off
the Indigestible sort. "There's a Reason."
Grape-Nuta Food Is crisp and delicious to the
taste. it should be served exa. ns it > omes
from tbe package, without cooking, except in
cases where it Is. made up Into puddings and
other desserts. — Book of delicious re Ipes, and
•The Road to W,.!1v!1!e." In pkt* '
The Fin an rial World.
We have had a week of pessimism— not at ej)
in the abstract. They who are doubtful of
values, they who can have advantage in redtte.
ing market prices, have been ardently actlv« :
and the net result is a lowering of *n*rkot T»
tations so substantial as to make the record of
the week depressing.
Of news bearing on values we have had vn>
totally none — but of theories, rumors, ""iMea.
abundance. Some circulating tales can only
be fairly described as alarming. Perhaps neae
of them are true — certainly most of them seen
It be flagrant exaggerations; but what qqh ■
upon the Stock Exchange is that the widely
whirled stories are of such character and cess*
from such sources as to have consequesjaa
enough to challenge Wall Street attention.
Aforetime it has been the* fashion of bear
raiders of the stock market to invent and put
afloat attacks upon the personal Integrity ef
financiers and the credit of Institutions— b"t
never to any such extent, with any such par
ticularlzation. as has become now the raham
fashion. Stork Jobbery libels flaunt .-eckless of
restrictions.
Thus they who listen, and as they listen trsm.
b!e. are having sorrowful Wall Street times, hi
consequence liquidation on a large scale -on
tributes to the making of the week's ~isi>et
and the long list of quotation shrinkages testi
fies to the success of this new campalm fo»
depression.
Actually we have panic There Is no sx>r«ar
ance of the roaring appurtenances of pazu^
old-fashioned. Upon no one day does the m.
ket fall Into collapse. The fever, the naaaJt
the noisy smashes — all In suddenness— ejeanrt
from what now proceeda But. none th«
in every essential particular we have p*m c
dltlons. are paying panic penalties.
Reason is figuring not at all as a mark»t
factor. Stocks are sold out, and sold Israels.
for reasons that have not one thing to do with
their present worth, their earnings, their taceoje
productiveness, much less their assured tonne
appreciation. It is th^e fashion to sell— becaase
it is the fashion to be scared. Courage has
oosed out from everywhere. Wall Street is Jo*
merely playing the shivering cowards game.
A feature of th© week materially aiding lower
quotations was the sale la our market of a
considerable line of American securities owaat
in Amsterdam. Of course hasty forced selltag
of this character must have the Immediate re
sult of lower quotations, but that it has any
other depressing Influence on American seem,
ties is not reasonable— on the contrary, it re
veals that changed condition of affairs which
is rapidly making Xew York the peer of Loadaa
as a world financial centre. When trouble arises
aaywhere nowadays and there is urgent demand
for Immediate cash the first market turned to
Is New York. One reason for this is that Amer
ican securities despite usual or unusual fluctu
ations continue to maintain a level so far below
actual asset and earning value that there is at
all times a ready market for them. Yet another
reasop Is that at present New York is the only
place where a free, unrestricted market for
gold exists and where there Is abundance of that
metaL
While the financial world at large thus rec
ognlzes the strength and Importance of New
York the rank and 31e of Wall Street cltaf to
old traditions and fail to grasp what the new
evolution means. And side by side of these
simply explicable developments — at the very
time when the bear party Is hastening to get
short of every active stock — railroad reports are
published revealing marvellous prosperity. How
ever much railroad managers may Inveigh
against rate laws and what they term govern
mental Interference, the plain figures forbid
pessimistic deduction. Notable examples are the
current reports of Union Pacific, Rock TtttT
and Atchlson. For the last fiscal year Union
Paclflo earned over 18 per cent on its stock
after payment of all fixed charges and preferred
dividends, nor was Atchison very far behind
that record- Rocit Island could to-day be pay
ing: both preferred and ccmrnon dividends out
of earnings if It were not adhering to the pol
icy of using its surplus for continuance of physi
cal betterments. And Erie Is Just aa encourag
ing in a real measurement. Nor are these roads
exceptional — they are typical.
And under all this prosperous showing Is the
grand fundamental of another good crop year.
Practically final government reports testify K>
good harvests of all our staples — not so larg»
as tha year before, but large enough to supply
domestic consumption aivi leave handsome ex
port surpluses. The wheat crop ■ ajoys t'.ie
favorable position of being the only good one
this year in the world. Hence, export demand
Is already heavy and aaaiby options ere ruling
materially abtive the d >Osjr nnrk. Measured
in money, this year's croi s yield greater result*
than those of last year.
Thus we have assurii.:ce Of continued gool
times for railroads, lot industries and for the
whole people. Recesstor.3 in general business
will of course appeal? — there 13 one Just w/m '.*
the steel business — but they can be aothhSJ
more than halting places from wUell wJH os
resumed the march to higher levels yet.
Still, as to many Wall Street standards thl»
speculative barometer makes discouraging «
hibits. Copper trade conditions seem to grow
worse. Metal prices have fallen further. Pro
ducers show what amounts to demoralisation.
And the smelting trust becomes a natural tar
get.
In groups of Investment properties there Is
no courage within discovery. Take tha mininf
Industry, in * broad way, for test; and a*y
canvass reveals almost utter demoralization.
Even in Nevada, at Goldfield. where phenomenal
production records loom, there is hardly a ssiß
tllla of confidence— even among those who as
experts and with large resources are at the
mines themselves or among those who, rtpie
seriting vast financial commitments, are n*ie
Identified with the foremost properties. Indssd.
It seems almost necessary to apologize now fo?
even an indirect relationship to the mining &*
— phenomenal as has been th* lntrlisbi
value output, stupendous as is the tonic in*
Quenco of that output upon every national Ofla>
aition. „ m
What, unfortunately, seems to be the runng
factor in this, as in every other business qnar
ter. is that capital is nervous, on the defenstw
— scared for no good reason whatsoever— •<■»
still too scared to have an intelligent lndepes>»
dence— Just scared Into a. new fashioned Amen*
canism. mm
In gold mining this Is enigmatic beyond sw
explaining calculation. In copper, of course, «•
offers only new certification of what Mr. F.-*
llelnze for more than a year has been uaequlvo
rally saying.
As to the general eecurity market's cccrs*
ivhat raoro than anything >else may be «*pee*»i
to count in Influencing prices for the early f»>
ure would seem to have to do with the atti
tude of our great fiduciary Institutions; for •*
hitherto pointed out in this review citing tb»
concentrated holdings of stocks like New Tom
New Haven and Hartford), such lnstltutiss*
seem to be at present the heaviest holders of
shrunken millionaire Investments. By way ■
jasslng Illustration as to this phase of the flnsfl-
Mal situation, there was something of a loC * x
sensation created a week ago in the issue of »
proclamation by a bonding insurance eomasii*
announcing pessimistic views as to the DU
ness outlook, advising trade contraction:
.vhat may be significant about such counsel "
hat it Is too representative of business cvu *
-ultlcs that are not general but have cnieny
So with the counsellor's own experienc*—
•iria-u,«r advisor carrying in Us assets, oy w»
>f exemplification, some *?00,000 bonds 10 pomw
>r bo ab-.ve salable value. Very persu*»i
imong Influences is the personal c U * tlo °«^wvt»
And as everybody to-day is loser — everyi> oa
ameuts. The fashion Is cowardice. J
•H. ALXAWA* j

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