TREATY WITH FRANCE.
Signed by Secretary Root and
A m bassador Jussera nd.
■Wasfcinpton. Feb. 10— Secretary Root and
A*r.bas*ac«<r Ju?ser-ir.d to-day signed a treaty
providing for the arbitration of any issue that
may arise between France and the United
The treaty trill have to b«» submitted to the
United States Senate and to the French Execu
tive before It can become effective. Meanwhile
It* provisions are withheld from publication. It
i,. understood, however, that the treaty Is drawn
hi accordance with the recommendation of the
late Has Tie conference, which, finding it impos
sible to draft a general arbitration* treaty that
could receive the assent and support of all
the preat powers, adopted a resolution recom
raendiTLsr that the various signatory powers
undertake to make special arrangement among
err. selves' for the settlement of disputes by
irbltration. The present convention is believed
to be in terms similar to one prepared by Sec
'•**">' Olney and Lord Pauncefote looking to the
arbitration of possible disputes between Amer
ica and Great Britain, which failed of approval
by the Senate.
The failure of the Olney- Pauncefote treaty and
r- a subsequent convention negotiated by Secre
tary Hay with the British Ambassador here cov
ering: the same srmund was due to the insist
ence by the Senate on its right to pass on every
proposition submitted to arbitration. The body
was willing to approve the drafts of the treaty
fubmitted provided the Executive accepted
amendments which required. that the President
Fhou'.d allow the Senate to express its approval
cr disapproval even' time it was purposed to
refer an issue to arbitration. But the Execu
tive took the ground that such an amendment
Troulfl West the purpose of the treaty, and that
jt was c-jwrf.uou* for the mm that the Presi
des* already enjoyed the constitutional right to
r.ppotiaTe arbitration as well as other treaties
Et any time, and there was no need for a general
erbitratlcn treaty confirming such right. There
fore tie President never undertook to obtain the
sssent of Great Britain to the amended treaties.
er.d they failed.
Owls* to the rule that drafts of treaties must
not be made public before they have been the
_ r ■«■. -of action by the Senate, it is impossible
to ascertain a: present how Secretary Root ha*
been able To overcome the apparently insur
mountable obstacle to the ratification of such a
treaty arising: from Mi insistence of the Senate
to its ripht to pass separately on any question
hi b* arbitrated.
The CaQsre of The Haerue conference to a-rr«»e
m a general arbitration treaty was caused by
♦he refusal or some of the principal European
rations to enter into conventional arrangements
cf that kind with some of the smaller countries
rf South and Central America and with Oriental
rations. They were willing and even anxious to
pirree to arbitrate any Issues arising between
themselves and with certain specified nations, but
Insisted that radical differences in judicial meth
od« and in forms of poverament made it inex
pedient to make arbitration treaties with cer
tain other nations. Hence, the conference was
rttired to content itself with the general dec-
Jaration that the nations represented at The
Haiue should endeavor to make separate ar-
H^Tmiili among themselves- for the arbitra
tion of future disputes.
•- convention providing for the exchange of
postal matter between America and France was
6ip-.ed to-day at the State Department by Sec
retary Root and Ambassador Jusserand.
PLOT TO ATTACK STATE BA3TC.
twelve Arrests in St. Petersburg— Two for
mer Deputies in Prison,
=. pe-ersburg. Feb. M.— arrest of a sergeant
_i _■■■■- -1 the Finnish railway station in
Et Petersburg en Friday last has led to the *♦
ctaRK cf a plot cf Social Revolutionists, living a.
,:""._ --. attack the branch of the Stare Bank
fc tnfti city When the gendarme was taken into
;:. c .-,,.. v, -ad a bomb 15 his pocket. He con
•^."•hat he had i*** hired to cam" Th bomb
,ad *£ye 1-fr.rmation about the Plot. The police
to'-da- ._,...-. of the allied conspirators,
SSens fanner Deputy Kor=lM<=ff. In the course
cf "their ir.ves:isations they seized a quantity of
bdsba ar.d other ■avsaalvca.
THUS F«* lf>— M. ■■■!■! ■ former bbj
v^'r'r'the Dmirr.a. who was among those sentenced
to three mtmSb* imprisonment for sliming the \ I
b«s ffi»nlf «to but ma released, having served
that length of time hi Prison prior to the finding
cf the court. baa again aaea arrested here.
DENIAL OF WARNING TO CZAR.
s , pet^siors. Feb. 10.-No information can he
bttateed her- tending to" corroborate the Story
n&ashed recently in the -Memorial Dtplorae
time " of Parli that rocent rumors of the a«a*
ebattea of the Emperor of Russia were due to
the Emprees-s finding on the he& of her son a let.er
t=aounc : R p that the Emperor and! Mil heir were
coaenned to-death. Threatening letters are occa
daaajj, ~ e -e!ved at the Imperial palace, but ac
enrtja- to court officials nothing has happened r«
e«aj r to cause the slightest apprehension, and no
«T*ci*l precautions are being taken at the palace.
--I NEW CABINET IN HOLLAND.
Trr Haw. Feb. 10.-Queen ■"■ 1 '■ . has a - P
rrov*d the new Cabinet under the Premiership of
D ? utr Heemskerk- The last Cabinet resigned on
Deoeater 3 as a l»ult of it* defeat on the army
««.-._ a , os jonkhT R. de Mares van Swlndoren.
SQsJster rf t h* Netherlands to Washington, be
coTne* Foreign Minister In the new Cabinet.
STMhlnstoa Feb. 10.-Mlr.ister van Swjnderen
t£ « r^p^ented th « Netherlands In Washington
fince Apr!' ■M, and ha? neen one of the most pop
•S.ZT nir^fters of the diplomatic colony here. The
XbOter and Mm*, vsji Bwlnderea now In ■*•
lasd a antjr.pation cf tfce change reported to-day.
In h's abs-ence IBM legation has been in charge of
■ A. :^-<ss. counsellor.
RUN ON DANISH BANK STOPS.
-<• a*»- *>*> 10 — AIJ the member* of the
fr-as-la: corr-Jttw of th» FolX-thing. except the
E-«:: a i Democrats, have approved the proposal that
tt« __.-. guaranty the liabilities of the
■^aaajsMaa Baa* and the D-tallhandl*r?* Bank.
art - ar* in diScultie-.
A hoard of *• t members has beer, appoints
tr The bank commission which was formed yes
tcstfty to carry on the business of th*» D"tailhan
■bbj Bank. Tbeare vac a run en this institution
cr. Saturday, but to-day the deposits and with-.
CrawaJs were normal.
M. FICHON SPEAKS ON MOROCCO.
Par's Feb I«— Th« demand mad" In The ham
ber of Deputies to-«ay by M. laaraa. th" Socialist
l«ade- tor another explanation from th" gowrn
ra*r.< Ot KJ Moroccan policy eaaaei no excitement,
il Pirhcn Mid in r^ply that Germany had l an
«w«l the protests of Abd-«1-Azl* and Mulal Hung
■aasaal the presence of French troops in Morocco
by Bavlrig that France was not violating the A-
taaaaa act, and that the two Moroccan Sultans
O«dd addr^s themselves to ail the powers which
sigi^d the act. and not to ■■■■» alone. An in
v^gutlon made by the French government
«l»w«l that the protest of Abd-rl-A«u was verbal.
*vi that St had reached Germany through th- oar
man Consul at Rabat. The government board
cf Morocco had toM France that it had no -am-
J-Uiir.t to make.
M. Picnon appealed to the Chamber patriotica ly
lo «£S* the government in a most difficult prob
»•». tS;e pacincation of Morocco. Th- app.*l of
ti* minister was greeted with applause.
THE CHICAGO AT VALPARAISO.
VaJp^ai*,. Feb. li-Tbe A»«*»n^ «x=i«^ Cbi
ato arrived h-e vwterday. Ehe will me« the
=«t under Rear Admiral Evans - "■ the ta « ! *"
■Vsa pass this pert In the latter part of this week.
CHARGE OX LISBON MOB
Cavalry Xeedcd to Disperse Croicds
at San Vicente.
Lisbon. Feb. 10. — There »•»,« almost a riot here
this afternoon on the part of the populace trying
to get into the cathedral where the bodies of
King Carlos and Crown Prince Luis were lying
In state. The crowd waiting outside for a chance
to see th* murdered King and his son was so
gTeat that the police "were unable to close the
cathedral doors at the hour appointed for the
burial. It i 3 estimated that 20.000 persons were
striving at one time to make their way into the
cathedra] Police and, gendarmes made futile
effort? to drive this majs back from the porta.'=.
The surging multitude thrust the police aside
ar.<l broke In a side door, through which they
poured into the main edifice.
Forces of cavalry were summoned to disperse
the crowd, and found it necessary to charge be
fore the people would move.
"Women and children were caught in the crush
and many of them v/ere bruised and trampled
or., but no deaths have. been reported.
"When the doors finally were closed to the
public the ceremony of entombment began. All
the ministers of state were present. The Pa
triarch of Lisbon officiated, assisted by other
prelates. The cathedral and palace choirs
chanted the "Libera Me." and to the intoning
of "De "Profundis" the coffin of the crown
prince was carried to the Pantheon between
double ranks of archers, preceded by a long
procession, including macebearers, acolytes and
high officials of the palace. In a similar man
ner the body of the King was borne to the tomb.
After absolution had been given and the
chanting of the "Benedictus." the grand cham
berlain solemnly swore that the bodies were
those of "Our beloved Lord and King. His
Most Faithful Majesty Dom Carlos I, King of
Portugal, and our Prince Dom Luiz Philippe,
Duke of Braganza."
Official documents were drawn up and signed
and the key to each coffin was given to the
Fatriarch of Lisbon. After th« coffins had been
placed In the tombs the Pantheon was closed.
Premier Ferreira then went to the Necessidades
Palace to inform Kinc Manuel of the burial.
F^veral newspapers to-day, notably Hn "Sec
ulo." independent, plead for the pardon of every
man in prison for political offences. This paper
points out that King Manup] has calmed but not
OaaißMi the democracy, and says: "To conquer
the democracy the King must win the love and
confidence of the people."
PEOPLE UPHOLD CRIME.
Widespread Sympathy with the
London. Feh 11— A dippatch to "The Stand
ard" from Lisbon asserts that the public acqui
esce in the assassination of the King and Crown
Prinze as a justifiable political act, and that
m effect will be made to bring to justice the
aeeecapttoea of the murderer?, although they are
mnaerowJ and in many cases known.
On the contrary, pays the dispatch, no sur
pripp is in * that the Republican newspa
pers demand the criminal prosecution of the
■aas/a uaajilijl. Figueira. who sabred one assas
sin. Subscriptions have been raised for the
families of the murderers, amounting to several
thousand pound?, the dispatch adds, and rich
citizens of Lisbon are disputing for the privilege
of adopting the children of the principal crim
-The Standard's" correspondent predicts that
trouble will arise when the limit of the con
ciliation policy the present ministry has adopted
has been reached and it becomes necessary "o
take strong measures.
FRANCO GOES TO MARSEILLES.
Bordeaux. F«b. 18. tk nhnr Franco, the ex-Pre
rrier at Ptortoaml, m tth Ua wife and son, left this
ci-v by train at 7:43 o'clock this morning for Mar-
The former Premier seemed cheerful, and
watted ajnackly to the train. He was accompanied
v~v Piench detecttvea.
Marseilles, Feb. 10.— "When Senhor Franco and his
family arrived here to-night a crowd had assembled
at the railway station. The members of the party
were Banked by police and hurriedly entered the
Terminus Hotel, going at once to their apartments.
Senhor Franco reiterated that he had never used
power for Ma own persona] welfare, but always
for the good of his unfortunate sovereign and his
country. It is generally believed here that the
former Premier is going to Italy.
QUEEN DOWAGER GOING TO TURIN.
Turin. Feb. Maria Pia, the Queen Dowager
of Portugal, has telegraphed her sister. Princess
Clotilde, that she will come here as soon as her
EASTERN EUROPE SNOWBOUND.
Vienna. i' ••■ 10.— Severe, weather has been expe
rienced throughout Austria in the last week, which
has greatly interfered with railway traffic. An ex
traordinary snowfall is now reported in Eastern
Galicia. Lemberg is cut off from all communica
tion with Vienna and at Cracow all traffic baa
stopped on sixteen local railroad lines. In some
places there are eighteen feet of snow.
WAIXEE TO IETUHI FOE TRIAL.
Mexico City, Feb. JO.— William F. Walker, the
defaulting bank president of New Britain. Conn.,
will go back to the United States to be tried, ac
cording to a statement made at the Foreign office
nere to-day. The statement m given out follow
ing the story sent out from San Diego to the ef
feet that the extradition papors in :ne case had
reached Ensenada. Lower California, six days after
the time limit allowed by the law, and that, there
fore, Waiker could grain his freedom at any time.
This la said by the Foreign Office to bo false.
According to the State Department, Walker, who
is now a prisoner at Ensenada. baa announced hia
willingness to return to the United States.
THE RELEASE OF HENRY HUNTINGTON.
quiillt ill r '" France. Feb. IP— The
macisTTute of this town has permitted The removal
of Her,---.- Huntingdon from the private sanatorium
where he has boaa confined. He is the m of the
late Major Henry Alonzo Huntington. and last
July shot and wounded hie two brother* and two
sister at the bedside of his dying father in Ver
sailles. He was later adjudged insane. Th*- magis
tral* certifies that Huntington has been cured.
Huntington returned to Versailles yesterday.
ARBITRATION AGREEMENT IN PERU.
Lima Feb. io— Solon Polo, the Peruvian Minister
of Foreign A2airs. and W. S. Beauclerk, the Brit
ish Minister, have signed an agreement of arbitra
tion to cover th*» controversy between the Peruvian
Corporation. Limited, of London, and the Cerro de
Fas- Tunnel Company. T'nder this agreement tho
president of the Court of Cassation at Rome is to
act as arbiter.
GERMAN MINISTER AT HAVANA.
Havana, Feb. 10.— Herr yon Eckhardt, German
Minister to Cuba, to-day presented Ma credentials
to Brigadier General Thomas H. Barry, who HI
acting in place of Governor Magoon during the lat
ter"s absence. The minister was escorted to the
palace by mounted police. Two companies of Cu
ban ariillery acted us a guard of honor. General
■■try, replying to the formal address* of the min
ister, said that he would gladly co-operate with
him in fostering th*; most friendly relations be
tween the Republic of Cuba and the German Em
pire, with whose ruler he had the honor of a per
xcnal acquaintance, having received many courte
sies at his hands.
MOROCCAN SULTAN MOVES ON FEZ.
Taw*** F-b. 10— Advices received here frcm Rabat
«ay that the army of Abd-el-Aziz. the Sultan, has
stated for Fez.
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBL3E, TUESDAY. FEBRUARY It, 1908.
ONLY TWO BATTLESHIPS
1 Eight Submarines and Ten Destroy
! cr * on Naval Programme.
[From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. Feb. 10.— Two first class battle-
I ships, eight submarine boats and ten torpedo
i destroyers will constitute the main features
: of the naval programme next year. These rec
! ommendations are embodied in the appropriation.
I bill which ha? been ordered reported by the
Naval Affairs Committee of the House. The to-
I tal amount of the appropriations will be flOl,
j 000,000. which is about $24,000,000 less than the
j estimates, but even with this reduction, in the
} face of the urgent pleas for economy, the bill is
! considered generous.
Pr»sfdent Roosevelt has been greatly in favor
of a programme which would Include four ves
sels of the Dreadnought type, but the majority
of the committee, while realizing the force of
the President's contentions, felt that in view
of the great reduction in estimates called for
from all quarters this was not the time for so
extensive a programme. However, on that ques
tion the committee was not unanimous, three
Democrats and two Republicans voting for the
four battleships. The vote stood 13 to 5. Those
who voted in accordance with tJiV President's
recommendations were Representatives Li!l< \v.
of Connecticut (Republican): Thomas, of Ohio
(Republican); Meyer, of Louisiana (Democrat);
Talbott. of Maryland (Democrat), and Hobson,
of Alabama (Democrat).
Representative Hobson announced after the
meeting that he intended to make a minority re
port recommending authorization of four battle
ships. "But the authorization, merely, is net
onouarh." he said. "It should include an actual
appropriation so that the work of construction
would begin without a moment's unnecessary de
lay. Even co, It would be three years before
these vessels could be made ready to go into
commission, and this country has no time to
The attitude of the majority was expressed by
Chairman Foss when he said: "Experience has
shown that it is more profitable in the end to
recommend in the beginning what you know the
House will stand for. A recommendation for
four battleships could not be put through at this
Under the head of new authorizations the
committee Included two battleships, to cost $19,-
OOO.OflO: ten destroyers. JS.nfto.onO: eight sub
marine torpedo boats, $3,040,000; total. $30,540,
000, or $38,730,000 less than the total for new
authorizations asked for by the Navy Depart
The new authorization estimates rejected com
prised two battleships. $19.01)0,000: four scout
cruisers, SI O.OOO.OOO; one ammunition ship. $1.
750.000: one repair ship. $2,000,000: two mine
!ayln? ships (cruisers to be converted). $500,000.
The committee was unanimous in regard to
the destroyers, but the question of submarines
aroused a heated argument. The bill provides
that contracts be awarded to the builders of the
Holland on their past showing, unless other
companies, notably the Lake concern, demon
strate to the satisfaction of naval experts that
their boats are superior. This was pronounced
a hardship to the competitors of the Holland
Company by severs., members of the committee,
and before the vote the room rang with fiery
speeches. The provision was sustained by a vote
of 10 to ft It was then suggested that the boats
be chosen by a competitive test, but this was
rejected by the same vote.
The bill makes no provision for colliers, al
though a special bill will probably be drafted
later for that purpose, nor does it appropriate
any money for mine laying vessels. The esti
mates for navy yards were all cut. save that
providing for the Puget Sound yard, which re
ceived the amount asked for by the department.
No appropriation was made for the improve
ment of Pearl Harbor, Subig Bay or Manila, but
it is understood that these places will be pro
vided for in a special bill. One hundred thou
sand dollars was added to the estimates for
auxiliary vessels, which will have to be tested
before they are bought by the Government.
The doubling of the department's estimate of
four submarines was largely influenced by let
ters and petitions from Pacific Coast chambers
of commerce, more than a score of which were
received by members of the committee. These
boats by the adoption of an amendment offered
by Representative Loudenslager, of New Jersey,
are to be of the Octopus type, in accordance with
the report of the Marix board, before which last
year's testa off Newport were made. The effect
of this amendment if the House and Senate con
cur in the committee's report may be to nullify
the court decision by which the Secretary of
the Navy gained the right to consider the Lake
type of boat as an after-competition competi
EXPEDITION AGAINST AFRIDIS.
Two Brigades Being Mobilized to Punish
Calcutta, Feb. 10.— The Indian government has
decided to' send immediately two brigades of troops
under Major General Sir James Willcocks into the
Bazar Valley on the northwestern frontier to punish
the Zakkakhels, a powerful tribe of Afridis, who
have been raiding villages in that territory and
shooting from ambush members of the mounted
At Rawalpindi, where the troops of the two bri
gades are mobilizing for the expedition, there Is
great activity. It is expected the movement will
be a great surprise to the disorderly natives..
INSANITY DEUCE WITNESS PLEA.
Alienists Examine Robert C Caldwell. Who
Is Resisting Extradition.
When the case of Robert C. Caldwell, who is
wanted in London on a charge of perjury in con
nection with the Dnic trial, comes up in the United
States District Court this WPek. his counsel. Battle
& Marshall, will continue the fight to prevent their
client being extradited. A detective from Scotland
Yard has been in the country for several weeks,
hut extradition has been delayed.
An application for .a ~ commission to inquire into
th« sanity of Caldwell was recently refused, bat
last night two alienifts. engaged by Battle *■ Mar
shall, examined Caldwell nt his daughter's home, in
St. George, Richmond, and it la understood That
they wili certify to the court that Caldwell Is now
SOLDIERS CHAEGED WITH MURDER
Hotel Clerk Was Beaten After He Had
Ejected Men from Fort Logan.
Denver, Van. 10.— Thomas Lunney. night clerk at
a hotel at Petersburg, Col., a «ma!l town near Fort
Logan, died last night from wounds received in a
tight oa Saturday, and John C. Laughlin and Rob
ert Morria, mernbew of Company B. 21st Infantry.
are under arrest in this city, where they were
brought to prevent their rescue by soldiers from
l.unney ejected neveral soldiers from the hotel on
Friday Bight, and several lay in wait for him until
morning and administered a sever* beating. Laugh
lin and Morris ware arrested for the asMault, and
will now be charged with murder. •;
1-unney, whose home was at Carbondale, Perm.,
was formerly a member of the regular army.
FIRE SWEEPS CANADIAN TOWN.
New Liskard, i int., Feb. -A tire in Latchford
last night .caused an estimated tag! of SIOO.OOO The
King Edward Hotel, Alexandria Hall, Empire
Lumber Company, the postoffiee. assay office and
other buildings are reported destroyed.
ARMY AND NAVY NEWS
Military Strategists Criticise Flying
fFrom The Tribune Bur«»u.]
Washington. February 10.
VIEWS AT WAR COLLEGE.— Army War Collega
experts In military strategy who work out plans of
campaign have taken up the relations of. the flylns
machine to future operations of an army In the
field. The military balloon has been discussed in
this way, and promptly classified as a feature whlcn
must possess restricted value. In the first place, It
is said, the balloon is unwieldy, despite the mechan
ism which has been developed for Its control. It is
bound to be erratically Influenced by the currents
of the upper air, and even If of the captive variety
it is as likely to placs the observers in peril as it is
to give them opportunities to obtain useful Infor
mation. Besides, the huge bag of the balloon offers
a vulnerable target to the sharpshooter. The aero
plane, or hcavirr-than-alr flying machine. is an
improvement in that respect, but it is bound to
have sufficient bulk to be easily hit, and perfora
tion of Its wings would undoubtedly disable It. It
will have, along with the military balloon, a certain
value a3 a. means of observation, with facilities for
conveying to headquarters by telephone the "lay
of the land." Practical military students promptly
reject the suggestion that it will ever be used as .i
asoree of attack. In fact, any such method of de
struction as dropping explosives would be promptly
ruled out as inhuman. It is a far cry. say army
officers, to the time when there will be battles in
the air. The contracts for the flying machines
which have just been awarded by the board of
ordnance and fortification are expected to result
in something interesting, but no one looks for any
such developments in the problem of mechanical
flight as will render either the military balloon or
the aeroplane of much more value than is the cap
tive balloon of to-day. It Is, therefore, not being
considered by experts as a vital factor in military
ORDERS ISSUED. — The following orders have
been leaned :
Captain HENRY B. CLARK. coast artill«T corps., acting
quartermaster, to temporary charge office of iiisbu.»
ing quartermaster. Portland. €•• vice Major JOHN
EILBTON BAXTER, quartermaster.
First Lieutenant FRANK H. PHIPP?. Jr., coASt artillery
corps, from 110 th Company to commanding officer
artillery district of Narra&ansett. for staff duty.
First Lieutenant ARTHUR WIUJAMS. corps of engi
neers, to General Hospital. Washington Barrackn.
Captain EDWARD ANDERSON. 7th Cavalry, detailed in
subsistence department, vice Captain RALPH HAR
RISON. fv.mmis«ary. who is assisted to 7th Cavalry.
Fort Rtley. Captain ANDERSON to training school
for bnkfrs and cook*. Fort Rlley.
Captain EDGAR A. MA«"KLXN, 23th Infantry, to General
Hospital. Fort Bayard.
Second Lieutenant FIELDING L. POIXDEXTER. cOMt
artillery corps, from Fort Monroe to Army and Navy
General Hospital. Hot Springs.
Lieutenant Commander D. V. H. ALLEN*, to th« Wl»-
Lie.utenant A. A PETERSON, detached the Minslwlnpi;
Lieutenant L. BROOKS. I*-.. n-sijrnatlon accepted.
MOVEMENTS OF WARSHIPS.— The following
movements of vessels have been reported to the
February 7 —The Milwaukee at Ma<rlaler.a. Bay.
February . B.— The Dm Moines and the Tacoma at Hamp
ton Roads: th» Sterling at San Juan: the Montgomery
at Newport: the Yorktown at Acapulco.
February 7.— The Connecticut, the Louisiana, the Kansas,
" the. Vermont, the Georgia, the New Jersey, the Rhode
Island, the Virginia, the Minnesota, the Maine. th«»
Missouri., the Ohio, the Alabama, the KearsarKe. the
Kentucky, the Illinois, the CniaJM. the glacier, the
Panther and the A.ia x from Pun a - " a «t I,^ 7h«
th« Whipple. the Hopkins, the Hall, the Stewart, the
• Lawrence and the Traxtun from Punta Arenas for
Talcahuana. _^_ »
MOST NAVAL OFFICERS AT SEA.
Secretary Metcalf Answers Charge of "Soft
Warnington. Feb. *-jßßsase)a%aj to a renuest by
the President. Secretary Metcalf to-day sent to the
Senate a statement showing the number of offi
cers of tho navy ashore and afloat. The purpose
of the statement is to refute the charge that has
been made to the Senate Committee on Naval Af
fairs that nearly one-half of the officers have been
enmeshed by "social pulls." and are enjoying "soft
berths" in Washington and at the various navy
yard" Figures are given for July L 1905, and Jan
uary 1. 1908. In 1905 the line officers of the navy
numbered 1,109. and staff officers 533. or a total of
1 «4_' Of this number there were 749 line officers
and 262 staff officers afloat, or a total of 1,011. In
1308 the line officers number 1.2T» and the staff offl
een W, a total of 1.91" Of this number 914 line
officers and 234 staff officers, or a total of 1.148,
were afloat. The percentage of the line afloat in
1305 was 65.9 and in 1908, 73.4; of the staff 49.1 in 1905
and 36.5 iv 1908. There are now on duty in Wash
ington B Hne officers on the active list and 14 on
the retired lift: 31 staff officers af the active list
and Zof the retired list. There is a lesa percentage
ashore than there haa been for ten years, accord
ing to the statement.
BATTLESHIPS' EETTJBN TEIP.
Port Said Merchant's Visit to Navy De
partment Revives Speculation.
Washington. Feb. 10,-The appearance at the
Navy Department to-day of a merchant from Port
Said who makes a business of purveying to ships
passing through the Suez Canal, revived specula
tion as to whether Admiral Evans's battleship
fleet is to return* to the Atlantic by way of Asia
and the Mediterranean or retrace its long voyage
around South America. This merchant waited on
Admiral Rogers, chief of the bureau of supplies
and accounts, to ascertain what would be the needs
of the battleships in the way of food and miscel
laneous supplies should they enter the Suez Canal
this query being with a view to submitting a bid
to furnish the supplies.
The paymaster general said ha was not In a
position to state the department's plans relative
to the route to be taken by the fleet on its return
voyage, but if it were decided that the ships would
follow the Suez route their needs on reaching- Port
Said would probably be confined to a few fresh
vegetables. This declination of a responsible of
fl.ial to commit himself is regarded as an evidence
of the existence of a policy suggested by the State
Department. it is believed in official circle 8 that
some untoward happening might make it expedient
for the fleet to avoid Asiatic waters. It doubtless
would cause an exaggerated impression of the
gravity of the affair to change, the orders to th«
fleet in such case: h'nee the policy of declining to
make any official statement at present respecting
the itinerary of the fleet beyond Puget Sound.
TWO SUBMARINES INJURED BY ICE.
The submarines ruttlefli«h and Viper were placed
in drydock at the Brooklyn navy yard yesterday,
pt-oparatory to the repairing of their propellers and
r^:ddors. It was thought at first that, the Cuttle
jgj, wa9 fhp O nly one of the flotilla to suffer from
the trip through th* lev harbor last week. It will
take several days to make the little boat 3 ready for
pea again. It is doubtful If tfeajr will venture out
of port again until the icefloes have disappeared.
The damages are not of a serious nature and will
entail little expense.
NO EXTRA MOWEY FOR BALLOONS.
Washington, Feb. 10— The desire of the signal
corps of the army for an "Increased appropriation
to be used in ballooning tests is not to be fulfilled
this year, according to Chairman Hull of the House
Committee on Military Affairs. President Roose
velt took this question up with Mr. Hull to-day. ht«
suggestion being that the committee make an In
vestigation Into the subject of army ballooning
with a view to an increased appropriation. On
leaving the White House Mr. Hull said that the
proper Investigation could not be well made at this
session. Incidentally Mr. Hull said that a new
balloon had been invented by some wealthy and
prominent New York men. the claim for which was
that it could be navigated sixty miles an hour
without reference to the wind. He understood that
it waa the intention of the inventors to give the
government the benefit of this balloon without cost.
The usual appropriation for experiments by the
(signal corps, which also is to include experiments
in ballooning, was made as heretofore.
SEVEN OF FAMILY DIE IN FIRE.
N*w LJskard. CM . Feb. 10.— Seven persons were
burned to death fey a flr» which destroyed the home
cf Lawrence Haacke. a carpenter, near here ihii
morning. The victim* were hi* wire and six
SCHOOL CHILDREN" D» EAST SIDE REF-TArRAST.
•' FIGHTING " HYMNS.
Too Many Sung in Sunday Schools,
Peace Circle Learns.
If Mrs. Mary E. r aigie. of Brooklyn, had *Ml
in Sunday school she would never permit It to par
ticipate In the annual Sunday school parade of th«
borough, because on that occasion the children sing
-Onward, Christian Soldiers." and the boys ap
pear in regimentals. So she told the Woman" a
Peace Circle at the Hotel Astor yesterday af
ternoon, and she also said that there were many
other hymns besides -Onward. Christian Soldiers,
against which her soul rebelled.
"Wo have altogether too much of the spirit of
fighting in our religious teaching," she said. "Chil
dren should be taught not to fight evil, but to
overcome evil with good."
The boys' brigades which are found in so many
churches Mrs. Crai?ie also protested against, ad
vising the circle to think up some interesting sub
stitutes for boys' brlpadea and get up a circular
on the subject to be sent to the churches.
"A Brooklyn clergyman told me recently." said
Mrs. Craigie, "that he was going to have a boys'
brigade in his church. I asked him if he thought
it right to cultivate the military spirit In that
way. He had never thought of that before, but
now they are trying to get a substitute for the
boys' brigade. I don't see why a boys* club
wouldn't be Interested in working along with the
children's court. They could get up entertain
ments for the probationers, and each one could
adopt a probationer as his brother. Invite him to
his home and help him in other ways." I m - ':■
Mrs. Craigie was followed by James "W. An
drews, who asserted that the reeking tube and
iron shard are still necessary, and that back, of
any international court at the present time must
be the power of arms. Mr. Andrews "doesn't be
lieve much In moral suasion."
Apropos of this, Mrs. William Cummin* Story,
president of the City Federation, who was the
guest of honor, said that she thought the friends
of peace ought to think seriously before opposing
such movements as rifle practice in the schools.
"As long as we have to have soldlerjj." she said,
'let them be skilled ones. We don't want to send
out men who are going to be the victims of more
expert marksmen. "
Mrs. R. C. Benedict, the president, condemned
the rifle practice in uncompromising terms.
. "We don't send our children to school to be
taught war tactics." she said. "The rifle practice
is a crying- disgrace. I admire President Roose
velt, but think he made a mistake when he in
Mrs. Esther Hermann also expressed the opinion
that the "teaching of war in the public schools'"
was "uncalled for."
Too Slow for these who "Walt,
Too Swift for those who Fear,
Too Long for those who Ortrre,
Too Short for those who Rejoice:
But. for those who Love
Time Is not:
—Henry van Dyke: "Kathrina's Sun-Dial."
A generous friend at Tarrytown. N". V , has sent
a check for $35 for the consumptive working
woman in New Jersey for whom an appeal was
mad*. The letter received from a member in Con
necticut who knows Miss F. In which uoney was
inclosed for her, has been forwarded as desired.
A DEEP SORROW.
Mrs. Belle G. Dutcher. president of the Arlington
(N. J.) Juniors, has met with a deep sorrow In the
death of her husband, who passed away last week.
Mr. Dutcher was ill for about a month, and he died
ten days after his removal to a New York hospital.
The funeral was held in St. Mark's Church and
the interment was at Dover Plains. N. Y. Mrs.
Dutcher and her daughter. Miss Isabel, have a host
of friends in and out of the T. S. S. who will feel
the deepest sympathy for them In this time of be
Miss Minnie A. Kreskey, president «f the Hun*
land (Term.) branch, writes: "I know it is late M
acknowledge the lovely Christmas gift received
from the office, but. owing to my mother's accident
and my own bad health I have not been able to
write sooner. I do appreciate your kindness and
thank you for the gift. I am always sorry not to
be able to contribute more to the general fund for
distribution, but I have so little strength. From
materials sent me by T. S. S. members I pre
pared twenty-eight Christmas packages of dainty
trifles, bed slippers and bootees. Of course, the
gifts were of no great value, but they helped to
keep off that 'forgotten' feeling when Christmas
morning came. As I get stronger I hope to begin
the holiday work earlier, so that not one of my
girl? shall be left without a cheery gift of some
kino. I am grateful to all members who sent me
ribbons. silks, etc., for my work."
PLEASED "WITH GIFTS. •
Gulllermina Maceda is a young Cuban girl In
Saratoga County who did net receive her Christ
mas box until after the holidays owing to some
delay, but she writes : "The si.:-*-* were lovely. Just
right for our cold northwest winds. Naomi was
delighted with the doll you put In the box. to w
: ail thank the dear Sunshine frtenda."
Two cushions and bedroom shoes were sent to
the invalid member with aptnal trouble, and she
writes that "the sweet remembrance brought much
real sunshine to her nickroom."
Tho president of No. IX branch says: "Pleas*
accept many than** for the box of excellent sun
shine sent to me for distribution. 1 was glad to
get the baby clothes, too. and the little shoes. The
underwear went to two deserving girls, the skirts
' to working women, and the acrapboeka will pleas*
the sick c&lldren &■ weii aa thoa* in the nursery. -
A me:-, airnoot cripple with r-ieumat^maaA
living alone, writes: "That lovely, warm shawl
gent to me has made mm more coinforta&le thaa 1
eoul 5 otherwise ha*-» been. Fleaw- accept asr stn
cerest thanks for your sunshine "-Ti*?"." or m **
No one but the dear Lord knows ".ow ~'*rh sorrow
In dark days has been lightened :- the p««t fo«
me and my mother, now at rest, by th» kfaCj'
acts of tie T. S. 3."
John 3eal. of Pekln. lad- wishes '!"» unknown
friend at Norton. Conn., to know bow grateful a«
is for the collection of souvenir cards sent to elm.
A '""-■—•!-'-: N. J.. Invalid was made- ~-fortal»la)
by her gift from the coal fund, and the wiol«)
j family is grateful.
— — — — •
A fine knitted skirt and a new »haw' asfi cal«*»
dar ha-» been receive from A. H. 8.. of Maplw
wood. N. J. : an unfinished •• ■< —."' from Miss Pis
brow, of New Jersey; roar, and sweater f.'uiw Old
Short HIUs branch. Milburn. N. J. . 9ho«-s<. skirt aadl
collars from E. C. D.: birch bark for fancy worJe
and evergreens from Sflss KhnbaU.
HVSGER PANGS STOPPED.
School Children on East Side Have
Warm Meal at Soon,
East Side happenings. in the isl3d3 ->* the hordes)
of school children east of the Bowery. will data
hereafter from yesterday, when more than eight
hundred sons- and daughters of the poor returned
to their class rooms for the afternoon session
physically strengthened by food, more- at which»
will be distributed every day In Public 3cSoo! Hi.
in Oliver street, and in Lorber's restaurant, la
Grand street. In the Oliver street school Mrs. C
H. Tower, the principal, superintended that dis
tribution of sandwiches and milk to 23) pupils, who
have been attending the all-day sessions for
months with only a crust of bread for luncheon.
but who will from now en b« supplied by Harry
Balfe. of No. 2 Hudson street.
As Public School 114 has a large attendance of
Italian children. Adolph Lorher. whose restaurant
is the "Delmonico'9 of the East Side." arranged t»
take care of the pupils m the schools la Rivington.
Hester and ForsvTh streets, where It was found
that hundreds had been without • meals for days
because of the poverty in their families. A slgix
was posted at one of the entrances to the place,
and the principals of the schools within ten blocks
of Grand street were informed that any ehUdroat
who would go to the restaurant would recetvs oca>
of the regular table d'hote luncheons.
The response proved that the children wanted
solid food. At 12 o'clock five hundred boys and
girls hurried to the restaurant, and. by 1 o'clock
Mr. Lorber estimated that -ix hundred children
had consumed the seventy-two pounds of pot roast.
forty gallons of tea, twenty-six gallons of soup.
three thousand rolls, twenty dozen cakes and taa>
cranberry sauce which were on the first day's MB
of fare. Many of the children had not tasted meal
or soup la week 3.
While every child was cared for. three hundred
extra places will b* set to-day, and thirty waiters
will be employed to serve the meals until condi
tions are so improved that th« children's parents
are able to give them, luncheon and breakfast as
DELEGATES TO MOTHERS' CONGRESS.
The New York City Mothers' Club did Ilttl* a*
its meeting at the Hotel Martha Washington yes
terday except to nominate Mrs. Julius P. Cahen fo»
the next president and name the delegates to th*
International Congress of Mothers, to be boht fat
Washington In March.
Mrs. Cahen was named as delegate a!»o. Th«
other delegate is Mrs. C. J. Davis- The altsrnmti*
are Mrs. William Porter and Mrs. Morris.
Mrs. Lil:ie Devereux Blake, the- outgoing peal
dent, was unanimously elected "honorary president
forevermore." She said she was extremely pleased,
for in that office she would have nothing to do, anJ
that was what she was looking for Just now.
LECTURES ON "PARADISE LOST.-
The American Female Guardian Society sad)
Home for the Friendless Is planning for a series of
lectures on Milton's "Paradise Lost." to fc» given
during Lent at the Plaza Hotel by th» Bar. Dr.
William Carter at 11 o'clock on Friday mar Mugs,
March 6. 13. 20 and ZT.
These lectures are for the benefit at th» Horn*
for the Friendless, which is greatly in nosd ot
funds to carry on It 3 work o* caring for ne«d3*
children. Tickets for the four lectures gal S. and
may fc* secured from Mrs. Hugh O'Neill. No. 143
West 57th street: Mrs. Harlan G. MendenhaH. No.
311 West Tata street, or Miss Selena M. TarnphaU,
No. 5* East -5!Kh street.
BUPFRAGI3TS TO SEE GOVERNOR.
frr- the -•-«• •;rr.-> Governor Hugies is con
seated to receive a delegation of woman su2r»
gist*. Mrs. Harriet Stanton Blatca. founder and
president of the Equality League of Self-Support-
Ing Women, an organisation of more than tw#lT«
thousand wage earning women, wrote to th« Gov
ernor on January 30 and asUed him to receive 3
delegation of working women and listen to soa*
of the reasons way they, as workers, would ks>
benefited fey full citizenship. The letter was signed
by women representing trade*, professions. aMI
anthropy and Civil Service employes.
The two women who represent ta«» trades. Miss
Schneldennan and Miss Edalston, an? expected ts»
address the Judiciary Committee of the Senate and
Assembly as well as the Governor.
Governor Hushes has consented to receive ta*
delegation from the Equality League of 9«tf-B>aa
porting Women on the 19th If he hi in town on that
day. If he is out of town on the 13th the delega
tion will await on him at a later date.
It U expected that at least fly* hundred women
from New York Cliy and up-state citi^i. Buffalo,
Rochester. Ut lea. Syracuse. Geneva. Elmlra. etc..
will be in Albany on the Uth la attead the legi*
ftacjaa hearing. All kinds of sufrragists—and thsrw
are several kinds— will be on hand. The coa*trTa
ttve. oUI Hn* suffragists, represented by Mrs.
Henry Vlllard, Mrs. Carrie Chapman Cart. Mlaw
Mary Garrett Hay and Mrs. Belle Do Rivera;
militant suffragists, represented by Miss M»ud
Malone- and her followers, an 1 Industrial suffra
gists. represented by Mrs. Blatch'si society. wU§
meet on terms of sympathy In Albany.
The devotional -.--•■..-.* of '.-■• Ladies" Christtaa
Unloa will be . -.: Wednesday morning it • It
o'clock In th« chapel or tie Collegiate Caurea,
Fifth avenua and 4Sta street
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