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DRUG FIEND SUICIDE.
DIES AT ASTOR HOUSE. Buffalo Man Cams Here to Float Business Scheme. J. TV. Bosche, of No €1 Ketcham Place, Buf talc. ueji found dead in his room at the * ft— House. Broadway and Vesey street, short ly after 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon. The man had committed suicide by cutting the radial artery of his left wrist with a razor and bleed ir^ to death. A H. Taurston, manager of the hotel, said that Bosche -was connected with the firm of Bcsche Brothers, of Ken. SIS and $20 Alain '--'■• Buffalo. No motive for the deed could be discovered by the police or Coroner Shrady, other than that the man had evidently been a victim of the drug habit, which was mad« evident by two hypoder —:- tyrinses and numerous phials of liquid -c- m well ax by several boxes of different kinds cf powder. Mr. Bosche registered at the hotel on Febru ary S. He had been in his room a great part cf the time since then. On this account it was last thought strange when the chambermaid re ported that she could not get in the room to dean it in the forenoon. When, however, a second call, shortly after 1 o'clock, also re trained unanswered, Mr. Thurston determined to investigate. Looking over the transom he saw BaaChe*a body. Bosche had been dead, according to Coroner's Physician O'Hanlon. about twelve hours then Every detail of the act had been carefully ar ranged for. and it si supposed that Bosche even tent word to a friend in Buffalo of his Inten tion. Shortly after the body was discovered Mr Thurston received a telegram from the friend in Buffa!o. telling him to send the body to the Na tional Casket Company, at No. 4S Great Jones street. Letters were also found In Bosche's room ad dressed to Mr. Thurston. in which he apologized for the trouble he was causing the hotel, and er.e to the coroner. in which he said that no I autopsy or inquest would be necessary, M It v. -? ■ simple case of suicide. The only other open letter was an unad dressed one. which was simply dated, -The Very Lest." It contained the following sentences: "I simply know this: If I wanted to live I could show others how to live. This sounds like £ crazy man. but as a man about to die I say to you it is not." Ir. addition there were several letters, which were addressed, stamped an.! sealed, one of which was to his wife, and these Coroner Ehrady ordered posted as they were. 'Ft i« aacaaa i* la* Trlbua- ] Buffalo. Feb. IP..— John W. Bosche waa a real estate dealer and a member of the firm of Bosche Brothers, carriage manufacturers. He had lived in Buffalo only two years, coming here fron Baker City, Ore., where he occupied the position of -• - rrapbw in the federal court * r aewual years. According to his brother, Robert C, who with Char.'es C. wa« i | wed In business with him. Bosch lefi Buffalo ten days ajro to try to inter est New York capitalists in an insurance bank depoFir scheme which he was attempting to float. Failing: to - ■•■-•■--. he needed, he ii be- HerwJ to have become despondent and ended h!F life. Bosche was a victim of the morphine habit, Ms brother Fays*, and although lar^e sums of money had been spent In trying to cure him he was unable to shake off. the habit. Bosche r-a= forty-two years old. He leaves a ■wife. Mrs. Bosche only .- ,--...- from a serious illness and tiie shock of her husband's death ha? prostrated her. OFF BROOKLYN BRIDGE. Young Man. Only Slightly Hurt, Fished Out of River. ■ S"vrz: hundred persons satr John Grant, an on er^loypd pressman, escape Instant death when he dropped from the Manhatten end of the Brooklyn Bridge yesterday. According: to the police the act ■■■as deliberate, if Grant's intentions were suicidal they f.e re frustrated by the crew of the bag Cas tor, ■who fished him --.- at the end of a boathook. Doctors at St. Gregory's Hospital, where Grant VMM taker., said that he -would recovei. Grant, accordinc to the police, anas rtdßStg across tfce bii-ice on a track. Scon after they passed the Marhartan tower Grant TTTTIIg from the truck. ar.d affr a hasty jrlance around to see that no cue was near climbed upon the railing of the tri^g"?. He hesitated a moment and then toppled over tr.e ra;\ Turning over and over in his downward course Grant struck th<? river jjst above Pier 3 There *v considerable i<~e. and it apr>eared to the sp'ec tatrrs a? if Grant had been crushed tipon th» floes. Tire crcn of the -rue: paw the man fall, and the tug *"ap h*a<ie-d for the spot where he disappeared. "When brought out Grant was unron?cinu3 and was bruised about the ehe«t. evidently from st«i> v:2 the Ice. Patro!n;ati Sehiep, of the Oak street elation, who s^-n- the leao, ordered that I tract bo held at the noFpital as a prisoner on ■ chars* of attempting F-ieide. - ■ ■- . '.'— of his lahu; ■ - a for sense th ■ thxrtj : SUICIDE IN SHOE STORE. Discharged Salesman Threatens Murder, Then Shoots Himself. L ' Brewer, a «al^sn;an, sent a bullet ;nto his t"iir! yesterday afternoon in th«« wholesale shoe fore of A. J. Bates si Co.. No. 170 Duane street. after threafenlxuc to kill O. A. Burneii, manager Of ;,-.e ytore. and firing a bullet into the floor to emphasize r-.is threat. Brewer fell dead. Member* «f the Inn toM the police the man hsri hf«n employed by ••-.". Co. as a salesman, bat v «« dis<?harir*»«i a fe w - weeks aro. Yesterday ef'«rrsoon fcr- *rA*r**i the ■tore, apparently intoxi caxed, ar.d b^gan flourishing a revolver, :it the nine time declaring that h* •rotdd kill Mr. Burnell if the latter came near him.. I»* left the store, fco*t .*--. without firing the revolver. At *i.on as he had gon* Mr. Burfjheii pent a clerk to ih* Leonard strict police station for an officer, ?e*.-:rig that Brewer would coin*? aek and put his threat into rxpeution. Tf.e clerk lost no time in re*urr:np w:th Detective Fitzgerald, hi:* before the M.'r reached tne *tor* Brewer had entered it the ■ecood rime. He again declared his intention " ki'Jlnjr Bsrcei] and iired one bullet into the floor. Zber« was a scampering of those within reach to ft cut of danger. Brewer «>yed this for an instant «ad then, lifting the revolver to his right temple, Fulied the trigger. He Jell dead just at Detective Fitzgerald and the -e:k rushed In from the street. Brewer lived Si Ke. a Weet :23th street with his wife and three tfeildren. He was lUIU years old. ' - Mr Harb-jrger. who had the case, expressed atfcjjßßttoa because the police did rot send word t» tfce coroner's office until more than an hour sfter Ere-n-er had hSaaf himself, the body having » !i« en the 2oor where It IWI ad that rime. The kroner declared he would make a formal complaint -o Po!S-» ' ninmlaahirri Biugn-im. ASK FOR MORE MARINES. Wa«hinston F«"b. 13— The urgent '■*--= "' authori mion by ._._■■■■ of three thou »&/k! additional enlisted men ana about one hun 2r*^ oflicery lo bring the marine corps up to Its r«jutr.sd quota was presented to-day to a nab ÜBBi B3}ttM of the House Committee on Naval Affairs oy General Elliott, commandant of the corps; Colonel Denny, of «•£* quartermaster genera] a de it.nzz.tr.;. axd Colonel Lauchhelraer. adjutant and BOY KILLED IN FIGHT j ,V^ Three Others Stabbed— Melee in Randall's Island Reformatory. From a stab wound, received In a tight In which more than twenty boys took part. Meyer Oshansky, fifteen yrare old. an Inmate of the reformatory on Randall's Island, died yesterday a-fternoon in the hospital on the island. Three other boys are still in the institution suffering from «tah wounds. Following the evening meal on Saturday, two hundred and forty boys went to the playroom on th« second floor of the large building. In the room were half a dozen officers. Without any warning a fight started at one end of the hall. The fighters were surrounded by their friends who were urging them on. "With great difficulty the officers pushed through the crowd and found the four boys lying unconscious on the floor. At their sides were two knives. Word was sent to the coroner's office. The Oshansky boy had received a stall wound over the heart and the other three boys had received wounds In their backs and shoulders. Superintendent Byers immediately started an Investigation, which resulted in the arrest of Raffaello Sfonza, fifteen years old. According: to the authorities, the Sfonza boy and Oshansky were companions, and In fighting the other boys young- Sfonza accidentally stabbed his friend. Superintendent Byers says ' the knives with which the stabbing; was done were those which the teachers left on their desks and used to sharpen pencils. He thought the boys had stolen them on Saturday. The dead boy was admitted in March. 1906. He had been arrested for grand larceny and had before that time, been in the Juvenile Asy lum. His parents live at No. 1382 Madison avenue. The Sfonza boy, according to the authorities. has confessed and -was Identified by Oshansky as his assailant. The latter said that It wa? purely an accident, however, as he was "his pal." H« will be arraigned before Coroner Acrlteil! thi3 morning;. HAFFJEN IXQVJRi: SOON. Will Be Made Before Resuming Fire Department Investigation. John Purroy Mitchel. Commissioner of Accounts, told the Mayor yesterday that work on the books of Borough President Hafifen of The Bronx had ad vanced sufficiently to warrant the beginning of an investigation of Mr. Haffen's office. It was ex pected.; at th«» Ciiy Hall that pending the accumu lation of data concerning the Fire Department, which also will be investigated by the Commission era of Accounts, the Mayor will order the Inquiry. The taxpayers in The Bronx want to know about the way the money has been spent for a new court house, which up to the present has cost something like laat.SJO and Is only one story high. Commissioner Mitcnel said that the investigation of the Fire Department will be resumed in March. He has been corresponding with the Merchants' Associatiin and the New York Board of Fire Un derwriters about the experts to inquire into the workings of the department. They are to be paid by the two organizations, but will represent the city. Captain Greely S. Curtis has been recom mended by the Merchants' Association. Commissioner Mitchel said that Commissioner Bonne.- had expressed his willingness to co-operate in making the proposed examination of apparatus and generally In the current investigation of the Fire Department. REWARDS HIS SPECIALTY. P. O. Authorities Saj) Man Defraud ed Advertisers for Lost Articles. ' c. Q B. Rttskay. of the law firm of Ruskay & X jskay. r.::ii oficea at No. 71 Nassau street, starr ed yesterday ror Chicago, having been subpoenaed postoffice authorities as a witness in the prose, utiori of E- Whitner, who is accused of using the mails to defraud persona who have advertised to regain lost property In the early part of November Mrs. C B. Ruskay lost a valuable muff near o9th street and Third ave nue and advertised, offering a reasonable reward for its return. Two weeks later a communication was received at No. 71 Nassau street, addressed to Mrs. Ruskay, postmarked Chicago, and signed by E. Whitner. The letter said in effect that Whitner. while hurrying to get a train for Chicago, had found a muff in New York and had taken it with him. The writer said he had seen the notice re garding its loss and would gladly return it. provid ed the express charges and reward were sent him. The fact that Whitner gave his address as the General P"=toffice. Chicago, made Mr. Ruskay sus picious, and he at once took the letter to th« post office authorities in this city. [t was agreed that the reward should be sent In the form of a check in care of the postmaster in Chicago, who bad Whltner brought before him and examined. Whitner said be had found a muff, and showed one to the postmaster which did not alto gether correspond with the description furnished by Mrs. Ru^kay. He was released but ti>- post oftic* authorities did no: cease their Investigation I^ast week Whitner was arrested in St. Louis by a United States postoffice inspector, charging him aril this and many other frauds of a similar na ture. The trial will take place to-morrow The police of St. Louis and Chicago believe that in the arrest of WhHner they have one of a band which ha? been realizing large sums of money by claiming and obtaining rewards without returning property. It is believed that not only did this band seldom return lost articles, but never found any. COUNTESS ASKS ALIMONY. Wants Counsel Fees. Too, Pending Counter Suit Against Yon Rodeck. Justice Maddox, in th» Supreme Court, Brook lyn, reserved decision yesterday on the appli cation of Countess Anna yon Rode< k for coun —; fees and alimony pending her counter suit for divorce against Count Hugo yon Rodeck. Yon Rodeck has named as corespondent in hi.< suit Thomas Mannell, who was found dead with a number of bullet wounds in his body at the countess's horii* on January 22, 1907. The di vorce case is about to open up the investigation into the cause of his Aeatfa again. At the time it was decided by the police and the coroner that Mann-ii had committed sui cide Bnfiu L. Perry, the negro lawyer, who is acting for the countess, said yesterday that he would request the District Attorney, on behalf of bis client, to clear up the mystery of Man ners d^ath for good and all. The countess names two corespondents in her suit— Josephine Glass and Lillian Schaeffer. The count i- living at No. I.V. East l.V.th street, Manhattan, according to Perry. The countess is living at No. 1.488 East Oth street, Brooklyn. Manuel! was boarding with her, she says, when he met his death. The countess wants f^U a week ailmony and Perry wants $400 In fees. The count says he is working as a chauffeur and is making only 525 a week NORTH ADAMS EXPRESS HITS ROCK. Bowlder Rolls Down on a New York Central Tracks North of Purdy's Station. The North Adams Express, which leaves the Grand Central Station at 3:30 p. m. and runs over the Harlem Division of the New York Cen tral, ran into a bowlder Just north of Purdy 'a Station last evening. The rock, loosened by the thaw, weighed several hundred pounds. The engineer applied the brakes, but the cow ca-iftbtf cl u« t£f tat KM fiaiAiitd. > - NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1908. CHILIAN PORTS SOON TO BE VISITED BY THE AMERICAN FLEET. TALCAJIUAKO, WHERE THE TORPEDO FLOTTLiLA 18 DUE TO ARRIVE NEXT. LOOKrN'G SEAWARD FROM VALPARAISO, WHERE THE BATTT.KSHIP SQUADRON IS TO BE REVIEWED PY THE CHILIAN' PRESIDE NT. by Harper A Bros i ARM! AND M\ r Y NEWS Plans for Joint 'Army and Militia Manoeuvres. [From the Tribune Bureau. 1 Washington, February is. SENATE MAY PROVIDE BIG CAMPS.— As the army appropriation bill stands at present, no pro vision is made for the joint army and militia manoeuvres which the military authorities have been planning for. to be held at some six or seven camps in various parts of the country, including Pine Plains. New York, in the coming summer. It was expected there would be some opposition to this clause, which had been recommended by the War Department and favored to some extent by the members of the House Military Committee. At the same time it Is appreciated that a point of order is liable to be raised in the House against this item as "new legislation." and those who are especially interested in having these manoeuvres take place in 1303 hope to have the necessary provision included in the army bill when it is reported from the Senate Military Committee. It is the desire of the military authorities to have these manoeuvres held every two years at least, the Intervening year to be used in less extensive operations. All the preliminary plans for the manoeuvres have been made, and the state authorities have been asked to take the initial steps for the transportation of troops and camp equipage. Of course, nothing will be done in a practical way until the funds to defray the cost of the manoeuvres have been assured by Congress, and In any event there is no need of haste, since none ! of the encampments will be held before June 15. SHIPBUILDING IX NAVY YARDS —The Navy Department is receiving some information concern- Ing the construction of the two naval colliers, the Vestal, at the Brooklyn navy yard, and the Prome theus, at th* Mare Island yard, and the two tug boats under construction at Portsmouth and Nor folk. The collier, which la being built at New ■ York, is a little more than half completed, while the sister ship at Mare Island is a little more than I one-fourth completed. This difference in progress 1 is due to the fact that the facilities tor construc tion at Mare Island were not installed until some time after the work on the colter was well under way at New York. The two tugboats, according to latest reports, were at the same stage of comple i tion— per cent. There is not enough information yet in the possession of the Navy Department to show the cost of these colliers and tugboats and i there is not likely to be any statistics which will contribute to the settlement of the controversy re specting the relative cost of vessels built at navy yards and those constructed by contract. The chief constructor has been looking into the subject generally lately, with a . view ;to determining whether or not new sea going tdjgs, for which It Is hoped to obtain funds from Congress this year, should be lilt at navy yards or at private plants. In favor of the former proposition the Bouse Naval Committee is in receipt of numerous requests and petitions from the employes of navy yards. The chief constructor, however, entertains the opinion that It will be cheaper to build these tiiETF by contract, while better work will be done at the navy yards. INSTRUCTION OF MILITIA OFFICERS.— The War Department lias decided to make no recom mendation to Congress which shall carry out the plan suggested some weeks ago by an army officer on duty with the militia who believes that officers of the state troops Should have better and more systematic training. He advised that militia of ficers who desired such improvement should be permitted to attend the military colleges which are recognized by the government in the detail to them of army officers as professors of military si'ience. There are seven mi b colleges in New York, in -lading St. Francis Xavler's, De l.a Salle Institute, New York Military Academy, St. John's School, at Manlius. and Cornell University. The idea was that the militia officers should be allowed to attend these schools under such condition! o; . pay and allowances as attach to the status of of ficers of the militia In attendance at army post- j graduate schools and garrison schools. This r'--"r '--"- j Urge cannot be extended under the law as it now | exists, and while the idea is indorsed by the miii- ' tary authorities in Washington It is not deemed ; advisable to ask Congress to change the law in j this respect. Something in this line, however, may i be done at the next session of Congress. ; ORDERS ISSUED.— The following orders have j been Issued: i ARMY. j Lleu'enant Colonel WILLIAM W. GRAY, deputy sur- I awon general, '" :l1 Department of the Gulf to Philip- , pines. Following promo? in coast artillery corps j announced: | (Vklone] JOHN R WILLIAMS. Lieutenant Colonel WILL- ■ C. RAFFBBTI. Mater- HENRY D TODD. Jr.. a- ••! THOMAS \\\ WINSTON "'aptains RICHARD C. i M\R?HAI,L. Jr.. and JOHN <• BTBGER. Captain ; MARSHALL UiipKd to 52d Company. First Lieutenant HENRY W. BUXN, cowl artillery | corps from ■■•■*■ Company, report to commanding of- : Sear \-till*ry District of Tampa far staff duty. | First Lieutenant HOLLO F. ANDERSON, from Sfith Com .„„,; coast artillery i-orps, to ur.assipr.ed list, to Pa- I ci«c" branch military prl.-on. Alcatraz Island, vice ; Captain .TAMES 11. WHEELER, roast artillery con», j who will report to commanding officer artillery dl» trtct of Fan ta -isco i Leaves of absence, with permission to go abroad: i rv,inr»l CORVELITJS GARDENER. 16th Infantry, four j 00 month?, from Apr,: 20. Captain FRANK VV COE. j coaat artillery corps, four month* from April 1. Cap- | tain * ANDREW BREWSTER. 25th Infantry, two . months, from February IT. ; NAVY. ! ÜBcatenant C. V: FOREMAN, frem na\-«l he»pltal. ; '" n»» Fort Lynn, '" Washington; examination for re- AaxlVunt'^urgeon K. TF. BROWN, commissioned with j rank of lieutenant (Junior grade). MOVEMENTS oar tVAnSHIPS.— The following j movements of vessels have been reported to the j Navy Department: ARRIVED. '' Krb IS.— las CnleSSaa» at navy yard. Xi»*r York; tha '< Albany at Magdalfna Kay. 'he Marietta, at Port , Tampa' in-- Porter. <!"• Ttaamr. th* Hlakcly, the Da Long and the Thornton, at .Norfolk. , HAILED. Feb. 12. Ttic Hannibal, from navy yard. N>w York, for ' Bradford. R. I.; the Vorkt»n. from Acapuloo for ' rU Illll—l— the Taconu, fr"ni Hampton Reads, for ' Han Juan; the Chicago, from Valparaiso for Funta t Arena*: the Porter, the T!njt»>\. the Blakely. i-,,. Da . Long and tilt Thornton, from Hampton Ro&da, for j Norfolk. .. : ~ •- J w.w- - w,i READY AT VALPARAISO. Preparations for Meeting the Ameri can Fleet Completed. Santiago. Chill, Feb. 13. — Everything is in readiness at Valparaiso for a review of the American fleet as it passes that port on Its way to Callaa. President Bfontt, accompanied by a large -number at government officials, has gone to Valparaiso and will review the fleet from th» training- ship. General Baquedano. The mem bers of the diplomatic corps of the various coun tries also will be on board this vessel, where, following the review, a formal dinner will be given. It is expected that the American fleet will pass Valparaiso about 2 o'clock to-morrow afternoon. It will be attended by the Chilian cruiser Cbacabuco, which arrived to-day at Tal cahuano, and later, in company with two other Chilian ships of war, put out to meet the Amer icans on their way up the coast. Valparaiso, Feb. 13. — The American cruiser Chicago left here to-day for the Atlantic sta tion. Washington, Feb. 13. — The Navy Department has received the following cable dispatch from Admiral Sampson, of the Chilian navy, on board the cruiser Chacabuco, which piloted- Admiral Evans's fleet partially through the Strait of Ma gellan: Talcahuano, Chili, Feb. 12.— Admiral Evans requests me to inform the' department from the fleet at sea, Tuesday, 4 p. m., bound for Callao via Valparaiso: "Everything going on welL Admiral Evans much better in health." Mr. Hick", the American Minister to Chill, cabled to the State Department to-day that the Chilian cruiser Chacabuco, presumably now at Valparaiso, would sail south to-day for the pur pose of joining the battleship fleet again with two Chilian warships, one of which is the Es meralda. The three vessels will convoy the fleet to Valparaiso, where President Montt will review it from a war vessel, and at the same time salutes will be exchanged between the vessels of the two navies. The Chacabuco con voyed the battleships from Punta Arenas to a ; point nearly opposite Porto Montt. when she left I them and proceeded north. FLOWER CLAD HILLS TO GREET FLEET. \ San Francisco Will Scatter Seeds Over Burned Patches to Enhance the Occasion. San Francisco, Feb. 13.— With the scattering of | seeds over the burn",! hillsides this week. San Francisco will begin the first actual work for its ■ beautificaUon preparatory to the coming of the j battleship Beet. At yesterdays meeting of the ex ecutive committee for the fleet's reception It was I decided to plant at once nasturtium, esehscholtzia and shirley poppy seeds, bo that when May cornea the slopes, now dotted with vacant spaces a -*,! with bricks and ashes, will smile in gorgeous colors of many flowers. No time la to be lost, for the plants take almost three months to flower, and whatever the seeds ( and their planting cost will be appropriated when the amount is known. I»s Angeles, Feb. 13.— The Lea Angeles Chamber [ of Commerce passed a resolution yesterday to ask I various commercial bodies of California. Washing ton and Oregon to pass resolutions and forward copies to the authorities at Washington voicing the sentiment of the people of the Pacific Coast in favor of permanently^ maintaining a Sect of at | least six modern battleships in these waters. WILL INCREASE PAY, SAYS HULL. I From The Tribune Bureau.] Washington. Feb. !.'!. — Representative Hull, of | lowa, chairman of the Military Affairs Committee, \ gladdened the hearts of army officer* and men \ to-day by practically assuring them that there is to be a provision for an increase of their pay in the army appropriation bill, which will be re ported to the House in ■ fen days. Mr Hull said to-night: The committee baa not decided on the percent age of increase for the different grades; that : question we will have to settle before the end of j the week As to the enlisted men there seems to j be no opposition to giving them a good increase , of 36 or 35 per cent. The non-commissioned offi- ' cers will get still more than this, and there will also be a provision for a substantial increase i with each re-enlistment. The officers will also j t>-- looked out for The situation of the army I without men and the constantly increasing diffi- j culty of keeping men in the ranks is so serious I that we deem it not longer possible to deny them j ralr consideration. We think we tan show the | country that it will not cost more to maintain an army on a better pay scale than it costs now by reason of the difficulty of securing re-enlistments. BELL URGES INCREASE OF PAY. Washington, Feb. 13.— General Bell, chief of staff \ of the army, to-day recommended to the House ; Committee on Military Affairs an increased pay ! schedule for enlisted men, along the lines laid down in the Dick-Capron bill, but differing somewhat in scale. His recommendation contained four feat- i ures: Creation of the grade of warrant officer, for the promotion of deserving non-commissioned officers; readjustment of initial rates of pa] so that they shall range from US to 14-. as against the range of from Sit) to $70 in the navy; cash bonus of three months' pay for re-enUatmeni and an Increase of I from $1 to IS in pay for high attainment In marksmanship The corresponding Increase in the ; navy is from £to Jio. . It was estimated by General Bell that if these i (schedules are adopted the average increase In pay I of .misted men will b« 33.3 per cent, making the ; average monthly pay $23 61 in the army, against ; J33 in the navy. In conclusion, he said: I cannot too strongly urge the adoption of this ; schedule In its four essential features. If any one. of these four features is omitted the whole plan j will be very much weakened and the benefit* to the service materially decrease*!. -.>•-.--- | THE COUNTY FAIRS. Need of Agricultural Awakening — Politics in Appropriations. To the Editor of he Tribune.. Sir: Governor Hughes' ■ message. urging the abolition of racetrack gambling and the dlssvia j tlon of the agricultural •ocletles from It In their ' participation in Us receipts. Is a much needed re form that will call out discussion and an examina tion of th« agricultural conditions of the state that will prove of great value. Th* original purpose of state appropriations for agricultural fairs was to encourage local Improve ment In livestock and general farm productions. For several years a very active Interest was mani fested and much good resulted to the farming- in dustry from these appropriations, but In the later conduct of county fairs there has been a wide de parture from their original purpose. In recent year* so largely has the money appro priated, for the county fairs been used in the In terest of racing associations that local Uarse breed- Ing" has not been properly encouraged. For more than a quarter of a century the majority of the farmers of New York State have not raised the horses needed in their business. Over one hundred thousand horses are sold an nually In New York City alone, and these are raised mostly In the corn growing: states of th» West. A New York or Pennsylvania raised horse haa an acknowledged higher value of 30 per cent over Western horses, because of the better water and more nutritious grasses of the limestone sotla of Eastern farms, which produce a firmer bone, better muscle and sounder feet. • During the last ten years horses have advanced In value M per cent, and New York farmers. .-. stead of being In a position to benefit by the higher value, are large buyers rather than sellers of this stock. The county fairs of the present time are given over too much to horseraclng and show* ami entertainments, most of which are of doubtful character and of little value to agricultural com munities, white the cattle shows as conducted are of little Interest to farmers or to the public which attend them. The few farmers who have attempted to breed the trott.'ng horse have not Improved the j breed, while most of them have lost their farms by the mortgages put upon them to meet the ex penses and losses in a business for which they had neither capital nor adequate knowledge. The great needs of the fairs are more educational features. The managers should hold directors' meetings In the winter, and Invite farmers to at tend them to consider more fully their Interests. More of a horse show should be attempted; prizes should be offered for driving quality other than j speed. One of the most valuable qualities In a horse Is his walking gait. Another feature of great value would be an exhibition of horsea trained to meet automobiles, thrashing or trac tion engines and other objects frequently met on country reads The pleasure and safety of country driving are seriously affected because so few horses have had Intelligent training such aa gives them confidence in meeting unexpected objects in the public high ways. Any agricultural society that will Introduce such features and advertise them would find a new- Interest on the part of a large buying- public, and every horse or pair of horses bo trained or edu cated shown In a class by themselves would be quickly in demand at a premium. Other educational lines of work should be taken up by fair associations for the Improvement of all kinds of livestock In more practical ways. The standard of the dairy cows of the state 19 ruin ously low. If a model stable were erected on every fair ground with the sanitary conditions and other Improvements provided that are so greatly needed on most farms It would be Invaluable In many ways, and particularly in the efforts that ara being made to reduce the tuberculous conditions so general and widespread among dairy cows. New York needs an awakening and revival In agricultural spirit, but this will not come until Its great farming Interests are made less subject to and removed from much of political domination. There is no state In th« union that has greater ad vantages for a highly prosperous agriculture with markets and transportation facilities unequalled It has a Department of Agriculture that Is ex pending large sums of money appropriated by the state annually: in the estimation of some of the best agricultural thinkers too largely In the direc tion of political fence mending rather than In giv ing to the state a strong. leading and progressive agricultural policy. While for years the Legis lature has appropriated large sums for nursery and orchard Inspection and for protective measures against orchard Insect pests. New York State ap ples, .from their generally poor quality and poorer packing, have steadily grown in disfavor with the best trade of our cities, which receives its sup plies from the orchards of states three thousand miles away. From the same cause our apples are suffering in reputation In foreign markets. Being the owner of a Now York orchard of ten thousand apple trees and knowing that as fine apples are produced In this state as in any part of the world. I can speak with some authority on this point. * There are two institutions in the state to which farmers should give- more thought and attention— Cornell Agricultural College and the New York State Experiment Station at Geneva. The former sho",ill have the direction of ait agricultural edu cational work in the state. including the farmers* Institutes and educational features* to be estab lished at the state and county fairs. The experi ment station should have further equipment needed for scientific investigation, which would enable it to keep the agriculture of the state to the front in every line of its best development. The farmers of New York are helples-ly and hopelessly without leaders, and until ttyev bring; into the work more o* educational aid ane scien tific methods their sons and daughters will con tinue to desert the farm and the valuable markets of our state will continue to pet from other states horses, pocd fruit, poultry, eggs and other prod ucts that should be produced from New York soli. Governor Hughes in his message has done far more for the agriculture of New York than to ap peal to farmers to cease from being the recipients of the gambling receipts of racetracks. He- has raised the question of direct appropriations for agriculture, and this should give rise to a vigorous inquiry into the general condition and needs of the agriculture of the state— Inquiry not only Into the expenditure of money appropriated for county fairs but into all expenditures for agriculture. Farmers have large rower and Influence in public affairs It is their opportunity, with a Governor interested in having the best service rendered in every branch of state government, to rise to the occasion and co-operate and aid in a progressive agricultural movement that shall put New York State, with Its splendid advantages, to the front, and demand that in the expenditure of the money appropriated for agriculture more business and less politics be put into it. GEORGE T. POWELL President Agricultural Experts Aaeociati New York, F»b 10. 1908 YEARLY TAX ON DEPOSITS Suggested That It Would Enable Govern ment to Pay Depositors of Wrecked Banks. To the Editor of The Tribune. Sir: I read with much Interest the discussion in your columns, editorial and correspondent, on the subject of the Insurance of national bank deposits, and regretted very much that the subject was dropped before being thoroughly thrashed out. One point seems to have been overlooked. It Is. perhaps, not pressing, but still has an immense In fluence. There are. perhaps. In the country thirteen billions of bank deposits and some three billions of currency. Now. If all trie deposits were guarded by r. 20 per cent reserve, as require by the United States, on an average there will remain only four hundred million for circulation. IT this Is the case now. what win be the res . • when the national thrift has put by twenty billions of deposits? Can we drain the world of sufficient gold to make up the ■ per cent required? And la such reserve nec essary? The recent financial crisis appear* to have aSSB caused by a very small percentage of the depositors of this country withdrawing a little of our circu lating medium and carrying It around in their pockets, owing to a lack of confidence, and our efforts seem to b» not to correct this by measures that will Induce confidence, but by making more money, or, rather, more evidences of debt, based on other debt*. The average losses to depositors in national banks are- not obtainable from present reoords. It appears to be about on«-tw«ntleth of 1 par seat per annum. A Ub «f oa*-&«Uf at l per CyanS' Ale TN the brewing of EVANS' ALL' an A original path is followed, and the result is as near perfection as can be attained in ale making. Besides there's the Brewery bottling. cent per annum — deposit*, or a.« much taertof • « might be necessary, would create a fond that would enable every depositor In a failed bank '.» be paid off by the governs**** as quickly as- ht» passbook could be verified. It would seem as though this assarasc* w»al«| absolutely prevent panics among depositor* aa4 would bring Into the banks much of the enormous quantity of gold that Is now hoarded by our for e!*r. population. especially hero In the coal refifra It would seem that with the danger of panic aasonsj depositors removed the reserve could safely b« ro dueed from 25—15 to 3>— lo. and finally to 19— "\ For It Is evident that without coafldesc* a bank will fall with 35 per cent reserve, as sorely. as wtra 25 per cent, while with perfect confidence on tit* part of depositors 25 per cent reserve looks Ilk* a wicked waste of resources la Idleness. Saano years since a movement was started to ascertain the re serve of English banks outside of the Bank of England. The Investigation was called off without official report, but It was understood that the aver age was about 3 per cent, and that th* whole mighty financial fabric of the British empire was practically carried by the reserve of th* Bank of England alone In connection with the government. It is hard to see Just what reasonable objection can be raised to such a plan of Insurance or what •?» terest can be Injured. On the other hand. |It la evident that any emergency currency is sure to awake all the old greenback and free silver lunacies that were such a menace to our progress In past years. C. E. ' I: 'TENDEX. Scranton. Perm . Feb. T. 19«j«. CEZW FIIGHTEKZD BY METEOK. Steamer's Captain Said It Looked ' Like ' "Celestial Fourth, of July."' Captain J. J. Maltby of the -Earner Roseda!e« plrlng between Havana. Philadelphia and Tink ers, «hfii th*» vessel arrived a' Its pier In Tonk ers yesterday morning told of a giant meteor that had frightened Us crew. The Rosedale left Havana on January 31 and stopped at Cardenas and Nue-vHas on Its Journey. When It was on* day out from Havana th* meteor appeared. -la rfaaaVfj It the captain said. ■ I never saw such a s!g-ht In my life. It was like a great ball of Came !n the heavens, and It moved rapidly westward. It was followed In it* flight by a trail of sparks, and .4 can only liken It to a celestial Fourth oJ July. It emitted x pale green light am!, although It was In the dead of nigh*, it lighted up the ship like a search light. We could s<»e everything on the boat. Hal faces of the watch and every spar and rope, of the ship. We could even see to read. "All at once the meteor burst Into countless millions of atoms and fell Into the sea. It was travelling about nine degrees above the horiioa, and I fancied I could hear the explosion and hear It sizzling as it dropped Into the water. Th« peculiar green light it cast afound as most un canny. Sailors are superstitious, you know, and after It was over one or two whom. I approached were -trembling a3 though they had the aan*. The darkness was so thick you could cut It with a knife." - ','''- '-• The mate, who was on deck when the meteor was seen, verlfled the story w>ld by the captain. BEABDONS CASE ADJOTTRNZD. The case of Detective Edward Reardan. of th* District Attorney's ofH -e. charged with extortion. was adjourned by Magistrate Crane in the Tombs police court yesterday morr.ing on" request of Mr- Levy, counsel for the defence. Mr. Levy then as* a writ from Justice L*ventrltt. in the Supreme Court, to review the evidence in the other twe similar cases against Reardon. in which Reardon was held in COO ball on each of two charges. Shortly afterward Reardon appeared before Jus tics Deuel in Special Sessions and said he wasted to surrender himself. Justice Deuel toM him h<» would have to have his bondsmen surrender him and then he. Justice De::el, would order bias looked up. CITY NEWS IN BRIEF. _ / Harry Levinsohn. of No. II East H3th street, was) wa» arrested in Chicago and brought her* Wednes day on a charge of stealing jewelry 'root Freuden helm Bros * Levy. No. 54 Maiden Lane, where bj* was employed, was held in $*.**• bail by Magis trate Corrigan. la the Tomb? police court, ester day. In default of bonds. Levtnsohn was lock»d on in the Tomb*. The French Steamship Line has just completed a> contract with the American Taximeter Company for the Importation of nine hundred tax: cab* with in the next «lx months, at the rate of thirty .cabs by each freight and passenger steamer from Havr». Dr. C. C. Carrotl. former assistant to the Massa chusetts and New York State Cattle Inspection Board, will lecture on February 15. at 3 p. m.. he his parlors. in the Lincoln Trust Building. No. 39* West Bd street, on 'The Milk Supply of New York and Its Relation to Tuberculosis; The Quarantin ing of Cattle Versus Their Slaughter." The Seligman Solomon Society. Alumni of thsj Hebrew Orphan .Asylum, will srive its annual enter tainment and ball at Terrace Harden on March 4. Secretary Taft and Booker T. Washington ha«« promised to address the second annual public moat ing of the Brooklyn Armstrong Association to Plymouth Church on Monday evening. Ma-- It The meeting will be held in the interest of thß) Hampton Institute. The,. New York Anti-Vivisection Society will hold a public meeting at Carnegie Lyceum this even ing. The list of speakers includes Senator Alfred R. Page. Assemblyman Frank W. Johnston. th* ■jot Henry Frank, the Rev. A. Lincoln Moor* and John De Witt Warner. Admission is free. Bar; ■ Amer. a seventeen-year-old schoolgirl, who was burned while attending one of the classes of the Young Women's Christian. Association, at Third avenue and Schermerhorn street. Brooklyn, died late Wednesday night at the Brooklyn Ho* pltal. She stepped en a match, which set £r» SS> h-»r clothing. Art Exhibition* and Sales. This Afternoon at 3, Coetinuiaf To-morrow Saturday . at the t*-n» aoaa, AT THE Fifth Aye. Art Galleries, SILO BCILDING. 546 Fifth At*.. Cor. 45tb St. Mr. James P. Silo. Auctfosecr. The Wills Collection OF Old Wedgwood (PERIOD 1770-1795) THIS IMPORTANT COLLECTION form.d by MR. GEORGE WILLS, of St. John's Wood, Lon don, England, and known to lovvra of c«ranttd£ as on* of th« MOST COMPREHENSIVE IN ' EXISTENCE. 5