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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, February 14, 1908, Image 6

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4.CADEIIV OF MUSlC— «:is— The Girl of th« Oold««
R*"- West. ■-..:■'■• ■ ■ • ' . . '.•■■..
fc 4SK»— «:15— Irene Wych«rl«y
fB£I»A£OO— S:I&— Th« Warren* of , \ lrgiaU. •
•jHLIOU— %M— The Comet. i
; BUXEVS- *:15 Wcria Arsir.at Her.
BROADWAY— • A Walti l>re*tu.
t CASINO B:IS— Top o" th* World.
•-COLONIAL— 2-*— Vaudeville. ' ___
CRITERION — 8:13 — Ml«s Hock of Ho.i»r.a.
t IiALY>- « *#>- A :iinr.
C PKWKT— 2— *— V«udcvll.e.
r iSUyy Mi:SF»-The World In Tvex.
Dir.'RE-^:?' Th«- J.-sith The F.o«r of Tamato.
OARnEN— *:ir. r.^.-.r.. osi *'"■ Flower of Yarr.a.o.
f-SARRICK— *:3k>— Fllty Miles • • "■ Boston.
£ GERMAN- S:lS— Was Ihr WolU.
rHACKETT— Su-Sft-The WitcblnK H-«r
I HAMMER^TEUN S 2 ■'■I'- ««l 33 c v ?. th. Counter
i- IiIPronROM»-2-R— Ua»tl«" .c f rort -Artnur. mo tvw
r nfH>ztt and Winter Carnival. *
- ÜBERTV Poll. r of the Cirrus.
' 'LYCEL'U— *:*>— The Thief.
lilr^ov dAßF.n<ss^d ARF. n<s s^ V Th, w,,,^ cf a Woman.
:-«f»tF«TIC •> !•"• H»n<Janr«i I And.
SaXHATTaN OPERA li" - - £»*■£•■
MEXPEI3SOHN HAL.I^-S:3rt-Pl»no R"T"*)-.
SrW - AMHTERr AW ' I-"' T!-.< 5J.-iry W*».
KKW CIRCLE— * I-- T. •!!• «■■'««► Town.
YEW TOF.K «i:2O T.• Soul ivtes.
<*AV<<T— S:SO— Twenty nays in the Shade.
«T V.HOWS RINK !• skaiir.s: Ih™
BTT-T\'EFANT *1^ A '■■=>^ Xlll -> Mar '
SiSft^i.-^iiiES^ .:,:-■. cfT>. M.-rr y
7n<7e\r to Advertisements.
' Page Col Page Col
Amu««.ent B ........ « *-« Hotels A Restaurants 10 «
Art Sale* .... 5 6 Instruction •* •»
Ba»r<i and" n00m5...1l « '-■*•• Uar.kbooks 9 «
Bowjin* Supplies » 4 Machinery J I *
t*n£t Clcanln* U * Marriage & Deaths.. . 0
ntSors ...~ U « Notice of summons.. 14 *
ny Hileta 1« 5 Ocean Steamer*. » <-'
Ci'r Property for Purchase & Kxcbar.ge. 11 4
Sal* 14 4lVTcposal<" * ;'
Qg-H, w«F «* 4 i ss-ra£^=::-:;::;:i* «
Desks ud OftTc't Furl school AK~cfe> ..... 1* *
nlture » B| Special Notice < *'
Dividend Kotlas. . . .12 1 j Steamboats » »
IXaneftic- Situation, storage Wl««. •*->•» £
Wanted 11 « 7 Surreal. • Notlc**.. .1* a
r*<-«makln* * s|To l*t for Business
PrvcrxxJs » 6-" rurpo*rs ..... -M *• ■»
EmptoWnt Am- Tribune Subscription _
Fx u'ttl.t,. .14 5 Typewriters II 4
FTxruitsions 14 X?P twrl! .7 S AY 11 «
Furnl?bei Rooms to Winter Kesons ]♦ «
I^.t " 11 4 Work V. ant.-l 14 •
Help Wanted 11 4 1 Work Wanted 11 « "
2Ve» i k Dailg Wvilvcnt
FRIDAY. IK BUT AH V 14. 190*.
This ncicspapcr is owned and published by
The Tribune Association, a Xcw York corpora
tion; office and principal place of business. Trib
une Building, Xo. 15$ Xassau street, Xcw York;
Ogden Hills, president; Xathanicl Tuttle, sec
retary and treasurer. The address of the offl
rcr« is the office of this newspaper.
CONGRESS.— Senate: Debate on the Aldrich
bill and the Penal Code occupied the day. —
House: Debate on the legislative appropriation
Sill was closed. Champ Clark, of Missouri, mak
ing' a humorous sj»eech.
FORElGN. Preparations for reviewing the
American fleet off Valparaiso were completed.
= Several Voters were killed in Bombay after
saving attacked the police. ===== The crew of
.he American schooner Edward J. Berwind.
jbandoned at sea. was picked up by a British
steamer. = Arthur Hym\ an American biga
xii«t and swindler, was sentenced to imprison
ment in Bristol. — — - Police of Winnipeg, Man.,
irrested newspaper men and undertakers in an
•Hort to make the Sunday laws obnoxious. =
There was a riot in the House Of Representatives
at Tokio over the Japanese financial budget.
= Six bronze tablets in memory of American
soldiers and sailors were unveiled at Tien-Tsiii.
Thina. = One hundred and seventy Japanese
jnmigrrants were detained at Victoria. B. C
DOMESTlC— Secretary Taft's subject at a
luncheon tendered him by the Michigan Retail
Lumber I»• .■..■•-.-' Association at Detroit was,
-The Mora! Awakening Recently from Business
Methods Which Permit Illegality and Fraud."
===== William B. Ridgely is to become president
of the reorganized National -Bank of Commerce
of Kansas City, and Lawrence O. Murray. As
sistant Secretary of Commerce and Labor, Is to
succeed him as Controller of the Currency. ■-
Justice Howard, at Kingston, denied a change of
'venue to Ulster Comity from Kings County in
the case of the Wiiliamsburg- Trust Company.
== It was said at Albany that the Senate
leaders would decide on a plan of procedure in
the Kelsey case next Monday or Tuesday. =====
Ex-Governor Frank S. Black of this state and
Congressman Bannon, of Ohio, spoke at a dinner
of the Home Market club in Boston. =====
George H. Norman, who took Admiral Cervera
iff the burning flagship Infanta Maria Teresa at
the Battle •■.' ivantiago, died at Brookttne, Mass.
CRT. — declined after early advance.
;=.- — Foster M. Voorhees, former Governor of
New Jersey, and Frank J. Combes were indicted
in connection with the investigation Into the
Bankers' Life Insurance Company. ===== It was
reported that the special county grand jury iu
•:-;.»;;-.' the Morse case would bring mure in-
Sictments against the banker. J. \V. Bosche.
aT Buffalo, committed suicide at the Afltor House.
== A forecast of the Easter parade was to b;
seen in the exhibit of the Merchant Tailors' Na
tional Exchange at the Park Avenue Hotel. -
The heads of the various transit lines were
called before the Public Service Commission and
talked over the question of what constituted
adequate service. The differences between
the loan committee ■■: the Clearing House and
the depositors of the Mechanics and Traders'
Bank and the Oriental Bank were settled =====
James W. Osborne was appointed Special Deputy
Attorney General to prosecute the Ice Trust in
vestigation. : Justice Blanchard vacated an
order for the Mutual Reserve to show <ause why
|. It should not be restrained and another was ob-
Ektain»d. to be argued to-day. :—: — - It was expect -
Wed '.hat the Mayor would Boon order an Investl-
ration of Borough President. Haffcn's ofßcs
' == Controller lletz expected the city bond hs-
I sue to be oversubscribed when bids were opened
to-day. == The special committee of the
Board of Education reported in favor of restor
ing the rod in the public schools. ===== A boy
confined in the reformatory on Randalls Island
died from a stab wound received in a melee
among a store of Inmates, three others of whom
were wounded. ===== Disclosures of mismanage
ment of the Beaver National Bank were made.
THE WEATHER— lndications for to-day:
Rain. The temperature yesterday: Highest. 43
degTt-es; iow«st. 34.
-The > ••- Gazette," of Trenton. N. ,i , which
was r< .',i!v ii. .i most unhappy franij* of mind
because lie Tribune and oth<-r papers tusk the
sanitary authorities of thai city at tii<-;r word
in r<'i>ortinj: an epidemic of typhoid fever, r<«
tarns to its muttons with a repetition of the
charge that The Tribune was of all papers "the
worst offender editorially" against the po<^l
fame « f Trenton, stud with a suggestion that this
paper "ought to make what reparation it can by
"giving its readers to understand that "there is
"no epidemic of typhoid fever in Trenton :uid
'that there Is a reasonable doubt that there has
**beea recently."
The Tribune was no offender against Trenton
and owes thai city no reparation. It reported
conc-eniinj: the outbreak of typhoid fever there
only what the city 'a own authorities reported,
and it commented thereon in accordance with
the well established principle of the most en
lightened and eflicieiit sanitary Kci.-nn-. If it
bad done otherwise, if it li.id discredited the
health reports of Trenton as Ignorant or menda
cious, it would have been an offender. &* it la,
"The State Gazette's" complaint is against tbe
functionaries of its own city and not against us.
aWe are, of arse, glad to record abatement
of the disease. It is always pleasanter to print
g'KKi news than l»ad. Last week, we are cred
ibly informed, only five cases of typhoid were
reported iv Trenton, and it may be that they
were not all genuine. That was a much better
record tbau tut- one . f a few creeks before, and
Iwe hoi* and expect thai each racceedins week
trill show further improvement until the disease
pS entirely «-lii. ; i:::.;.-,j. and that the city gorem-
I went will promptly lake such >>.; for Ihe purl-
I'fieation of ii- water supply as will preclude dan-
Rjrerof another such outbreak as that of tire i:-t
|. few. months. That there is ■» reasonable doubt"
cf th*r« bavhu i^ ; .., any epidemic at all, limv
|fv»r, we could not say without offensively dis
crediting . the municipal authorities of Trenton
itself. We can only say that the epidemic is
rapidly waning, and we do bo us gladly as "The
State Gazette" would say that an epidemic in
New, York was waning when reports showed
that the number of cases had fallen from a thou
sand or mere to only two hundred and fifty a
Those hasty critics who are continually 1"'
littling the KUHfM>M of the Roosevelt ad
ininjstration and attributing to the President's
policies aa Injurious effect on business pros
perity ami national welfare would do well to
study the address delivered at Kahuna/.00 on
Tuesday by Senator Philander c. Knox, of
Pennsylvania. Mr. Kno.v is admittedly one of
the ablest lawyers in the United States and one
of the most competent and enlightened men in
public life to-day. As a candidate for the He
publican Presidential nomination he is sup
posed to have the support of the more moderate
and conservative elements in the party, and
what he has to say of the attempts made in the
last six years to extend the regulating power of
the federal government over the instrumentali
ties of interstate commerce cannot be charged
to a desire to play to the galleries of radical
ism, lie speaks more as an unbiassed observer
who is not disturbed by superficial clamor, but
who measures tendencies and results in their
proper historical and philosophical perspective.
Mr. Kiiifx took as his subject "The People,
the Railroads ami the National Authority." and
reviewed the history of our efforts to adjust
by legislation the relations between the public,
the common carriers and the government. He
showed that originally the federal government
had practically relinquished to the states its
power to regulate railroad traffic, Up to IMB
Hie states did nearly all the regulating. The
Supreme Court accepted the theory of concur
rent authority, and held that so long as Con
gress remained silent and did not undertake
the regulation of commerce under its constitu
tional grant of power the states were free to
impose regulations. A change came with the
passage of the act of June ir>, ISM, which de
clared that railroads carrying persons or prop
erty from one state to another formed con
tinuous lines of transportation. The law was
designed to remove trammels on interstate
commerce then existing and to prevent the cre
ation of such trammels in the future. The Su
preme Court approved this intention and re
versed the old rule about the silence of Con
gress giving latitude of action to the states.
Since 18t>t> the court has held that the silence of
Congress is to be construed as a legislative dec
laration that there shall be no state regulation.
The railroads profited vastly by this change of
front, which relieved them of many harassing
burdens, and they co-operated to the utmost in
all efforts to make the federal jurisdiction para
mount and exclusive
The railroads flourished under the new system
and grew overconfident and autocratic. As Sen-
Htor Knox puts it. 'out of the abuses and per
"version* of the augmented powers and privi
"leges attending the enormous expansion of
-railroad operations under generous govern
"m ■!■! policies" grew a public demand for
federal regulation. As the railroads had sought
the federal- power for protection, so the people
resorted to the same power for relief. The
Interstate Commerce Commission law was
passed in 18S7; but it was nullified in great
part by the courts, and up to 1902, the Senator
from "Pennsylvania declares, "railroad and
"other cori>orate abuses were widespread and
"much confusion existed as to the state of the
"law concerning them." The most memorable
achievement of the Roosevelt administration
has been the clarification of the law and the
provision of means for remedying those abuses.
Mr Knui cites the legislation of the olth
Congress; supplemented in later congresses
by the Hepburn rate law. the safety ap
pliance law. the employers' liability law and
the law limiting the hours of labor of railroad
employes, as constituting a record of enormous
public" value. "It did more." he said, "to con
"firm the party of Abraham Lincoln in the
"affections and confidence of the people than
"any body of substantive law enacted since
"his death." As a lawyer and a legislator the
Senator passes this judgment on the chief work
of the Koosevelt administration:
This administration found a deficient and dis
credited body of law under which a 1 sorts of
commercial and social tyrannies boldly flour
ished vitally affecting and undermining our na
tional wellboins. Wh n the record of Its
achievements is closed it will reveal a compact
body Of legislation remedying defect^ supplying
omissions and covering new phases in the field
of national authority over interstate, intercourse
and its instrumentalities.
The Senator from Pennsylvania cannot agree
with *••« who deprecate effective federal reg
ulation of th- railroads as injurious and un
wholesome. He believes that regulation and
publicity will be of enormous benefit to the
public and to the railroads apd of the greatest
possible benefit to "the real corporate interests—
•■namely, the owners of the railroad shares
"and securities." He also believes that the best
and ablest railway managers are now ready to
co-operate with the government in ending the
abuses of rebates, overcapitalization and ex
ploitation by "insiders." and that though minor
amendments may be necessary "the funda
mental work" of reformation has been done.
It was a work which future generations will
appreciate and which will give the Roosevelt
administration a notable hiatus in American
Whatever feeling may exist in Oklahoma that
the formuiarion of its constitution, like the
signing of Magna Charts and the adoption of
the federal Constitution, marked an epoch in
the history of free institutions, and that the
document itself was us much ■ model for the
future as those two famous papers were, must
In. violently wrenched i>y the action of the
Michigan constitutional convention. That body,
which has now practically finished its labors,
stuck to general principles. Such novelties as
1' cent fares and Moot Ikhl sheets were rigidly
excluded. No Ingenuity was spout in attempt
ing to make the Constitution of the United
States unconstitutional in Michigan. The "usur
pations of the federal judiciary" will go on
without let or hindrance from Michigan's or
ganic law. Not a word is said about govern
ment by injunction. The guarantee: of bank
deposits, which surely would have interested a
body moved by the spirit of the Oklahoma con
stitution makers, is overlooked, and in gen
eral there is no inclusion in the fundamental
law of what is properly a subject for legisla
Nor is the example of Oklahoma more com
pletely disregarded as respects the scope of
the instrument than as respects its underlying
spirit, In Oklahoma nothing was thought too.
new and untried to put intg the constitution.
Michigan has looked askance at novelties. The
initiative and referendum, to be sure, had con
siderable support in the convention, but they
were finally beaten, the only referendum pro
vided for being the reference of "local acts"
of the Legislature to the i"' Il''I I in the localities
air.-, i.-i ami the reference to (he people of the
state of amendments to the constitution!;
The conservative spirit of the convention was
strongly manifested wiicii it came to the treat
ment of municipal ownership of public utilities
ami of expenditures for municipal improve
meiits. These are hedged about with Strict
limitations. Article Vl ii provides:
Nor shall any city or village acquire any pub
lic utility, sraut any public utility franchise,
borrow asor money or contract any -.^his beyond
l j.trr pent of ii"; .!-'.--•'! valuation ot aijy such
city or village, unless* such proposition -. iii iiava
first }•«•• -;v. a tb| ifl|fm4t4vi vi..' of a majority
of the electors who have property assessed for
city or village taxes voting thereon at a regular
municipal election.
Under this provision questions involving con
siderable expenditures by cities or villages,
eltlier in the direction, of public ownership of
utilities or of the various forms of public and
social improvements to which municipalities
are more an.l more tending, ore no longer
trusted to the municipal authorities, nor are
they to be determined by manhood suffrage,
but* they are committed solely to the propertied
Class. .Vow, municipal extravagance all over
the country is doubtless in need of an effective
check, but it is contended that no fair and
just distinction can be drawn between the man
who pays his taxe? directly and the man who
pays them Indirectly, and that if the question
of expenditures is to be referred to the voters
the indirect taxpayer has on every moral and
economic ground: a right to be heard. There is
some doubt whether the people of Michigan
will consent to the creation of this arbitrary
class distinction. "The Detroit Journal," which
is not ■ municipal ownership paper, says of
the denial of manhood suffrage contemplated
in this section that it "will force the people
"of Michigan to consider the convention as a
"reactionary and deliberately retrogressive
-body, questionable in its motives and wholly
"indifferent to the spirit of the times." The
constitutional convention holds one more session
before accepting the draft of its work as final,
and perhaps this paragraph may be modified,
though that is not expected.
It is interesting to see that despite what is
said about the spread of radicalism there is
certainly one state where conservatism still rules
■trans. * Michigan under Filigree received earlier
than most other communities an introduction
to radicalism, and it has probably never wholly
recovered from its aversion to that experience.
With regard to the provision for the control
of municipal expenditures, it must be borne in
mind that the taxpaying class is a relatively
large one in -Michigan. Even in Detroit most
of the population live in single family houses
which In a large degree the occupants own. It
will be enlightening to watch the fate of this
constitution. It will probably depend chielly
upon the voters' attitude toward that one pro
vision. .
So much interest was taken in this country
in the rocent anti-Asiatic campaign in the Trans
viil that it is both fittim; and gratifying to call
•utentinu to the equitable aud mutually satis
factory settlement of it. Under the original pro
cedure of the Transvaal government all Asiatics
were required immediately to be registered, very
mudi as thou-h they were suspected criminals
Off ticket-of-leave men, and all failing to do so
were subject to summary arrest, titling, impris
onment and expulsion and permanent exclusion
frnm the country. Against this the Hindus pro
tested, aud to it some of them offered "passive
Now the Transvaal government has made con
l l art MM dictated by common sense and, it is to
be assumed, effectively urged upou it by the im
perial government. The Hindus who were ar
n-ted have been released, all their penalties
have been remitted and a period of three months.
has been granted for their registration. More
over, registration is to be performed in a decent
and dignified manuer. so that Hindu aud Parsee
scholars of university training are not to be
Identified by thumb prints, after the fashion of
coolies and criminals. These concessions are
satisfactory to the Asiatics, who will now volun
tarily register themselves, and so the trouble
w ill be ended.
The root of the whole trouble was. of course,
the invidious and degrading discrimination to
which the Indians were subjected and to which
they properly objected. They were not averse to
registering; but they wanted to do so by writing
their names like men and not by being branded
like cattle or having their thumb prluts taken.
They were quite willing that the wholesale Im
migration of coolies should be prohibited, but
they were not willing that scholars and mer
chants of the Indian race should receive the
treatment which was given to nobody of other
ra.es b«t illiterates, paupers and criminals.
Impartiality and equity were all that they de
manded, and those things are all that are re
quiml for the satisfactory solution of most such
race problems.
On this festive day of the Lupercalia. which
some freak of chance has dubbed St. Vulentines
Day, we are moved to ponder the decay of man
ners. The waning of the once favorite valen
tine's popularity gives occasion f<>r a philo
sophical inquiry into the causes of the great in
dustrial depression among sentimental and
comic poets and artists. That hard times have
really struck the valentine manufacturers cun
iiot be denied even by the rosy spectacled. In
rural districts, to be sure, the lovelorn and the
Spiteful still leave the expressing of their senti
ments t<» professional thrunnners of heartstrings
and caricaturists, just as the lower classes in
Italy ami the Orient patronize public letter
writers. P.ut in the eiiies. where more tbuu
■..lie quarter of the population, three-quarters of
the Huid capital and 80 per cent of social
Influence are concentrated, other methods of
manifesting emotion have almost wholly super
seded the valentine. A generation ago the city
youth at the maudlin age thought only <»f "blow
ing " five dollars m a huge piece of paper loveli
ness ornate with ribbons, vistas, water colors
and gill stanzas from the poets. To-day the
young man gets into line ahead of the speculat
ors and invests the same sum in two tickets for
the 71".h1i performance of the Kuxoni I'.ur
lcsqiiers. Were his fair one to receive in lieu
of this rare intellectual treat a tinsel exhorta
tion to "ltenieniber me when this you see" her
irate reply by return messenger would be, "For
get it r
Why this change of heart? Is it merely that
women have lost the fine lustre of sentiment in
their mad scramble for pleasure! Hy no means.
The still, small voice of the shy valentine Las
merely been drowned by the b >omlng bass of
the twentieth century youth as he shouts: "Y< v
certainly are a peach, Mamie:" In brief, the
sentimental Ilirruw lijjfii is out of a job because
shyness is a lost art. The modern swain, talk
ing "straight" to Phyllis as easily as he would
say "lioo! " to a goose, sees in the valentine a
mere pleasantry, to be indulged in only when
Phyllis cau be amused in no better way. P.ut
if the valentine is still a pleasuutry, somebody
asks, why have the cheap estate ones lost their
vgiieV Surely there is just as much humor as
ever in the sou.ewhat "idealized"' colored por
trait with Ute .impended twelve-line ode begin
ning :
You silly gawk with bleary eyes
And teeth that look like railroad ties.
Why, then, are the mails on February 13 and
1 .- iim longer congested with such pleasantries?
The answer is easy. Let the inquirer note that
the decline of the comic valentine was contem
poraneous with the rise of journalism's orange
ine cartoons, This tells the whole tad tale,
Humor, to he forceful, must have a touch of
unexpectedness and novelty in it. it needs eon
trast effects, too. Naturally, then, a public v» inch
gazes every day on new valentiuized pict
ures of celebrities, real and imaginary, and hears
at each fresh dawn offensive personalities set
to rhyme and rhythm cannot be prodded to
laughter by the annual i-ouiic valentine. Strictly
speaking. of course, the comic Valentine has not
been vanquished ; it has been packed on to a
higher plane of existence^ I: has ceased to be
an event. It has become a national habit, a
language with picture writing. Instead of wait
ing for February ii to come, the civilised world
now insist.-, upon having tha deeds or every day
jotted duwu in Ujperculiuu 3L'ri|'t. TUer'y must
be a dally eoml- valentine about Albany politic*,
another about Waehlngton politics, half a <kw.en
about New York City's overnight adventures
and aii equal number about such famous heroes
of literature as "The Lately feds and Their
Baby.* This supreme triumph of mirthfully in
ane valentines should console us for the pass
ing of the rose-leaves-aud-lavender sort.
With a general Investigation of the Fire De
partment by experts of the Board of Fire Vn<\>r
writers and of the Merchants' Association
every one will be satisfied. When this is
finished and the Commissioners of A-'.ounts get
through their work it ought to be possible to
put the department into first class condition
with a thorough understanding of its de
Hudson County, N. J.. seems to be divided
into two parts. Mr. Leake and Mr. Hamill. as
two Keprepentatives in Congress, cannot ngree
in their estimates of Mr. Bryan's statesmanship,
and each holds that the other misunderstan-ls
the sentiment which rules in Bayonne. Jersey
City, Snake Hill and Hobokea. The two states
men ought to come back from Washington and
take a referendum.
Jerome's cup of bitterness would suroly be
full if "Poor Jim" should secure indictments in
the Ice Trust case. On the other hand, he
would not la. k consolation if the present efforts
should end in a fizzle.
The Pennsylvania Railroad reports that in
I!K>7 the average hoklii.gr of its shareholder* de
creased from l. r io shares to 110 shares, while tIM
number of shareholders increased from 40,X.>»5
to 57,22*5. This statement strikingly illustrates
the character of the recent panic and suggests a
desirable broadening in the interest: s represented
In great corporations. It is an ill panic which
does not have some compensating: good effects.
In a bulletin of the New York Agricultural Ex
pexirnent Station at Geneva attention is called to
the results of some tests to determine to what ex
tent carbonic acid gas delays the sourin* of milk.
The gas was found effective in" some cases, "so
that its use appears to be commercially practi
cable," to quote the bulletin. "The best results."
says the report, "were secured when newly pas
teurized milk or cleanly drawn fresh milk was
treated with carbon dioxide in a tank such as W
used in bottling establishments in preparing car
bonated drinks, and then placed in siphon bottles.
When charged under pressures of from 70 to 173
pounds and kept at temperatures ranging from
35 degrees to 60 degrees bottles of clean, frrsh milk
or pasteurized milk kept from four to five months
without perceptible increase In acidity. There are
several practical applications in which carbonated
milk may find possible usefulness. On steamships
It would be easily possible to furnish sweet milk
for several weeks from a supply of carbonated
milk. Carbonated milk may be found very useful
in hospitals. Experiments should be made with
invalids, in order to ascertain to what extent car
bonated milk can bu made to take the place of
kumiss and similar drinks. It is also possible that
carbonated milk might be found useful In feeding
children in many cases where ordinary cows' milk
does not digest well."
'What are you doing for your cold?"
•Nothing. My friends are looking after it. —
Harper's Weekly.
The Boston Work Horse Parade Association has
issued its annual circular, showing the work dona
by the association in the last year and the plans
for the coming season. When the association was
first organized Us main object was to benefit the
work horse. The parades proved successful, and
last year the association decided to extend its work
by adding a stable competition, arguing that It was
of as much importance that the work horse be
made comfortable in his hours of rest as It was
that he should when at work about the streets.
This proved a success, and this season the number
of entries in the stable competition is much larger
than last year. Another new feature is a series
of free lectures on subjects related to the care of
horses. Including stable management, care of the
feet, shoeing, driving and treatment of diseases.
These lectures are especially Intended for drivers,
grooms, stable foremen and owners of work horses.
In order to Improve the condition of the poorer
class of horses the association has appointed a
permanent agent, whose duties will be to advise
poor or ignorant owners in matters pertaining to
the care of their horses. In deserving cases aid
will be extended by the association.
"Dear. I only play poker for fun."
"But you bet. don't you?"
•Well, there wouldn't be any fun without a
little betting."— l>ouisville Courier-Journal.
The recovery in the snowbank in front of her
home of Mrs. Dominick's pearl necklace was the
subject of conversation, and nearly every woman
had some story to relate about mysterious losses
and fortunate recoveries. "My pearl necklace with
the diamond clasp and the pear shaped pearl pen
dant was lost about as Mrs. Domlnick'a was," said
one of the party. "I know that it was around my
neck when I left the opera, and I felt It when I
was seated in the carriage. When I got to my
room it was gone. We looked all over the side
walk, and then the snow was carried In and
melted in hopes that we. would find the pearls.
The carriage was turned inside out and the robes
were combed, but no necklace could be found. Po
lice, newspapers and pawnshops were visited, and
1 am afraid I became a gloomy member of our
household, for my dear pearls were surely gone.
Three weeks later we were going out to dinner.
In putting on my wrap my hand struck against
something, there was a rattle on the floor, and
there were my pearls. They had become un
fastened and in some way slipped into the sleeve.
I nearly fainted when 1 thought how horrible it
would have been if they hud not fallen out right
thero at home."
The Old Bachelor— Don't you pity us old bache
Old Widow-Yes*, but I don't pity you as much
as I congratulate myself.— lllustrated Hits.
An ardent anarchist, who died not long ago at
I.a Fleche, had announced that after his death a
surprise would be forthcoming. On examination of
his effects the authorities discovered what they
thought was an infernal machine. Fearing a dis
aster, a magistrate sent for an expert from the
School of Artillery at Mans. The expert arrived,
and the bomb was opened with Infinite precautions.
Inside were found 15.000 francs and the will of the
"Was that you 1 kissed in the conservatory last
"About what time was London Opinion.
Eureka Springs (Ark.) Special to Kansas City
For kilMng a $2 shote running at large in tha
woods Hill Kellers, a simple-minded native of the
mountains, was to-day given a sentence of twelve
months in the penitentiary by a jury.
Zellers lived in a miserable shack on the moun
tain side with his old paralyzed mother, whom he
fed and cared for. He testified that he had two
■note* running on mast, and when he grew hun
gry and needed meal he shot a pig half concealed
in ■ thicket, which he believed was his own
skinned and ate it. But' a neighbor who saw the
skin thought it was his property, and the arrest
and conviction followed.
Zellers is a veritable child of nature. He does
not know the names cf the months, nor how many
days it takes to make a year. Hut he knows where
to set a rabbit snare Instinctively, and his knowl
edge of woodcraft alone guides him in the pursuit
of a primitive life.
Yesterday "Fighting Joe" Macklin. a negro about
town, who. as tb>; testimony showed, was twice
discovered late one night in the room of Captain
Luckett, JIS of whose money disappeared Jbefore
in"-,.;, g, was acquitted by a jury in thirty minutes.
From The Washington Pest.
Some one on the canal zone has ma la a sug
gestion that a curfew law lie established, and the
subject ii receiving considerable consideration from
the workers on the isthmus, a number of whose
written communications have found their way Into
the currant issue of "The Canal Zone Record "
which chronicles the everyday doings of that sec
tion of the world.
The idea originated with an employe of the com
mission at Paraiso. A communication arguing
against the plan is published in "The Record" of
January it. signed by Andrew H. Bearun, a loco
motive engineer, who declares that he has bora a
resident of Paraiso for ef(dM months and during
thai liiii-: has not seen ■ drunken or disorderly
person in that section. He Hilda: As for taps or
curfew. I will say thai the Majority of us are more
than twenty-one year| .if an* anil h.»\ i> t »Mi „i
>r*d from our mother's apron strings a Hiifflolcnt
length of time to know when we wish to retire l
hHieve i am expressing the wentlrnen'l of fully 5S
i^r cent ci »l>e residents of .Paraiso."
About Teople and Social Incident*.
[From Th» Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. Feb. 13.-The President conferred
with Attorney General Bonaparte this afternoon
on the situation at Fairbanks, Alaska, and ordered
United States troops to that point to . give the
marshal moral support.
Land Commissioner Bnliinßfr took up with the
President the question of coal 'and leases In Alaska.
Senator Ankeny. of Washington, came to the White
House later to discuss the same subject.
Callers at the White House included Senators
Brown, Clark. Hopkins. Sutherland and H-yburn.
Representatives Madden. Prince. Helm. *■■■■■"
Jenkins. O'Connell and James, William F. Cody
("Buffalo BUI"). First Assistant Postmaster Hit'
cock and Assistant Secretary Newberry. of the
[ From The Tribune I'.ur. an. ]
Washington. Feb. If.— Baroness yon Sternburg,
wife of the German Ambassador, who is suffering
from an attack or measles, which caused the in
vitations for the large reception which was to ha-. ■
been given at the embassy tOralSjbl to be recalled.
is resting comfortably to-day, and no complications
are expected in her case.
The French Ambassador has accepted an invita
tion to a pink ball to be given in Sew York on
March 3 for the benefit of the Association for the
Blind. Mm«. JuEserand will accompany the ambas
sador to New York.
The third secretary of the British K:i:! assy and
Mrs. Herbert Grant Watson were hosts at a din
ner to-night in honor of the Attorney General an.i
Mrs. Bonaparte. Invited to meet them were the
British military attache and the Hon. Mrs. James,
Miss Thomas, of Baltimore; Mile. Nabuco, Roderick
Terry and Mr. Pi^rrepont, of New York; Baron
Haymerle and others. • •
[From The Tribune Burean.]
Washington, Feb. 13.— The Secretary of State and
Mrs. Root vere guests of honor at a dinner to
night, at which the ex-Ambassador to Italy and
Mrs. William F. Draper were hosts. The other
guests were the Brazilian Ambassador and Mine.
Kabuco, Senator and Mrs. Aldrich, Senator and
Mrs. Bulkeley, Senator Wei more. Senator Gal
linger, Mrs. Nicholas Fish. Miss Wetmore. . Com
mander and Mrs. Kearney. Mr. and Mrs. Edward
B. Brandasee, of Boston; Mr. and Mrs. Larz An
derson. Mr. and Mrs. Hennen Jennings. Dr. and
Mrs. Chatard and Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Legare.
Brigadier General and Mrs. Clarence R. Edwards
were hosts at dinner to-night in honor of Governor
Magoon. Their other guests were Lieutenant Gen
eral and Mrs. Corbln, Major General and Mrs.
Bates, the German military attache and Fran yon
Uvonlus, Mrs. May, Mrs. Parsons and Senator
Representative and Mrs. John W. Dwight had as
their dinner guests to-night Speaker and Miss
Cannon. Senator and Mrs. Depew. Senator and
Mrs, Flint, Representative and Mrs. J. Van Vech
ten Oicott, Senator Bacon and Mrs. Chflßßs.
Mr. and Mrs. George W. Van.lerbilt wili leave
the capital for Biltmore by March 1. They have
Invitations out for a number of luncheons and din
Mr. and Mis. Herbert Wadsworth's dinner to
night was followed by a reception. Mr. ar.il Mrs
Huntlngton Wilson also entertained guests at d'n
ner, afterward taking them to the theatre. Miss
Boardman entertained at a bridge dinner in honor
of Mrs. Taft, wife of the Secretary of War.
St. Valentine's Day will be observed t^-nlght by
a dance at Sherry's given by the Friday Junior
Cotillon and by a dinner and informal dance given
by Mrs. Charles D. Dickey, at which her guests
will all be members of the younger set. Mrs. \\ in
field Scott wil! give a bridge party in the afrer
noon at her house, in East 64th street, and Mrs.
Thirteen Students Spend Only One Hundred
Dollars During Thirty-six Weeks.
Princeton, N. J . Feb. 13 — A statement issue!
by the statisticians of Princeton College shows
that the cost of tuition, board, etc.. there is much
below the average at other colleges. The treas
urer reports that the total amount paid by thir
teen students for the college year of thirty-six
weeks was $100.
These, of course, are exceptional cases in which
the expenses have been reduced by work and ex
cellence in scholarship. Forty-eight of the stu
dents paid between $100 and $200 for tuition and
rent, most of them earning part of their expenses.
The university authorities have made public a
table showing the cost of all classes at the college
as follows:
Paying less than $100 per year 13
From *100 to ¥200 ■•»
From *--'0O to $300 I*
From $300 to $400 •£
From $4CO to Ml >•»
From $301) to $600 641
From $600 to $SOO 253
From |BSI to $000 *
11.100 *
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: An event that at least seven hundred and
fifty thousand people are interested in at this on-<
point is the departure of the "globe circlers." and
yet from pure Jealousy some of the so-called great
newspapers did not publish a line about said event,
because (as you stated yesterday) It was a "Times"'
venture. Had they, the automobiles, left some
other office, what a difference. No wonder people
are disgusted with most of the so-called newspapers.
No more of them for me. I'll buy The Tribune
after this. * **•
Brooklyn, Feb. 13, 190 S.
[tfy Telegraph to The Tribune. 1
Grand Canyon, Ariz., Feb. IS.— Mrs. J. P Morgan
left her o;ir. the lnoVpendciice. on its arrival litre
yesterday and took shelter at the Eltovar Railroad
Hotel In the midst s4 the. worst snowstorm that
has was Street! this country. Mrs. Morgan u..<ist. 1
that the employes on the car also be housed in the
hotel. After yesterdays storm to-day naamsi
bright and clear and Mrs. Morgan and her slStafl
had a good viow of the canyon before their de
Baltimore. Feb. 13. — Andrew Csrsjagjia has of
fered io give KAOOO to Morgan College, a Baltimore
institution for the education of negro youth, in
eaaS tho officers and trustees of the instilution rais^
a similar amount. Morgan College was founded
forty years ago and has branch.-;, at l.yncnburg,
Va.. and Princess Anne, JIJ.
Washington, Feb. 13. — Governor Smith informed
the War Department to-day from Manila that hi
Intends to promote Frank W. Carpenter, assistant
secretary, to be executive secretary of the Philip
pine commission, to succeed Arthur W. Fcrgusson,
who died recently.
Utica, N. V., Felt. 13. — Harriet E. Crary, ninety
years old, a descendant of Robert Fulton and aunt
of the Countess Gaston d'Arschot, died to-day in
Richfield Springs.
Brussels. Feb. 13.— The committee of the Inter
parliamentary Peace Conference has decided that
the conference will L-e held this year in Berlin. TU||
German Kmperor will receive the delegates. f
Paris. .February —The Italian Prince de For
mosa, a well known member of the Travellers'
Club, has been expelled from France by a decree,
signed by Premier Clemenceaa. The Prince asserts
that he i-s the victim of the intrigues of hi per
sonal enemies. On the other hand. the. police state
that the decree of expulsion was Issued because
their attention had been called to his mode of
living, which was far beyond his means. Th*
Prince hits instructed Maitre Clemenceau. a brother
of the Premier, to begin suit to rescind the decree.
—m - —
Santiaso. CMI, Feb. 13. -The fossil remain* of |
pleslosau,rua havo been unearthed at T.iloalutano
Hay. The body of this marine reptile of a brfqna
u£v w&* iii feet lon£.
A. Holland Fortes a luncheon party, followed fey
bridje. at h*r hous<\ In East 55th street.
Dinners were given last night by Mrs. Harry
Payne Whitney at tier house, in West 57th street.
and by her si.-»ter-ln-law. Mrs. Alfred G. \»n>ltr
bilt, at th» Plaza.
Frederick Town»end Martin will jive a recep
tion at the Plaza on Monday In honor oZ -•
Duchess d'Uzes, who arrived from France Osai
week to attend the marriage to-morrow of n«
brother, the "Due d«» CSBSSiBBBI to Mis* Taeada»«>
Bhonts. At Mr Martin's reception, which •rill ks>
held In the state apartment. Mrs. Be-r*onm Tr-»
will recite and Mrs. Chaunt ?y McKeever will *ln*.
Karller in BBS day Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney*
house was the sr«-n» of the first of the aer-.M if
morning musicals organized by Miss Ruth Twors
b!y. Miss Lorraine Roosevelt and Mum Dorothea
Draper, as a committee of the Junior league, tax
the benefit of the Music ■ n<o! Settlement- The**
concerts take th.- form of sonata recitals for piano.
and violin under the direction of Mr. and Mrs.
David Mannes. Th« M«cond concert will tak<» siac*
next Thursday at 11 o'clock at Mrs. Charles B.
Alexander's i. .-•. In West 53th *tr«et. Mrs,
Harry Payne Whitney and Mrs. William Doug
las Slcane. Mrs. William P. Douglas. Mis* Mor
gan and Mrs. Wlnthrop Chanter are among the
patronesses of the affair.
Mrs. !-•* ruger Hasell will give a theatre
party on February 27. It wil be followed by a
supper at 8h« . . y
Major and Mrs. D. F. Davidson, of Scotland,
who have been staying with Mr. and Mr». r>3usi
las Robinson, have left town for * trip through
the West.
Mrs. J. Bruce Ismay. who has b*»n staying wita
Mrs. Gustav Amslnck. will return ii her home la
England on Macch 11.
Mrs. Anthony J. Drexel. with Mis* Mar»ar«Ua>
Drexel. Mrs. Sidney Dillon Kipley and Miss An
nah Ripley; MM James Henry Smith and «■
Anita Stewart. Mrs Alfred Chapin and Miss Grace
Chapln, Count Ladislas :i«-nyi and Bis brid«.
who was Miss Gladys Vanderbilt: Mr. and Mm
Anson Phelps Stok«-s and Mr. and Mrs. Pierre
Lorillard Ronalds are booked to sail to-morrow
for Europe.
Mr. a-s ! Mrs. Henry C Phipps, who since thrtr
marriage have b*cn cruising »a West Iwilan
waters, have arrived at Palm B«ach and %r« stay*
Ing at the Royal Poinciana.
Robert 1.. Cutting has left New York to join - •
mother, Mrs. Walter Cutting, and Miss Juliana.
Cutting at Palm Beach.
Baron Hoenning-OCarroll. the Consul G;n«rale?
Austria and Hungary in New York, has Just re
ceived from his sovereign the Cross of ChsvalUr
of the Order of Leopold.
The British Consul General in New Tori* and
Mr?. Courtenay Bennett, who are spending- th«
winter at the Majestic, will give an "at borne"
there on the evening of February 35.
Miss Clara CfeWM gave a musical at her hoaML
in Fifth avenue, last night, aided by Miss Maria
Nichols, violinist, and Charles Wark. accompanist.
Am' the invited guests were Mr and Mr* H. H.
Rogers. Mr. and Mr?. H. H. Rogers, jr., Mr an<i
Mrs. John E. Cowdin. th» Rev. Percy S. Grant.
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Hinton. Mr. and Mrs. Job*
Alexander. Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Thompson Seton.
Mr. and Mr?. Schuyler Schieffelin. Mr. and Mr*.
H. W. Poor. Mr. and Mrs. R. Fulton Cutting. Mr.
and Mrs. Cleveland Dodse. Dr. and Mrs. G. M.
Tuttle. Mrs. Henry Draper. Mr. and Mrs. Henry
Holt. Mr. an.i Mrs. Howard Van Slnderen. Mr and
Mrs. Charles de Kay. Mr. and Mrs. Carrol! Beck
with and Dr. and Mrs. Clarence C. Rice.
Convention of Religious Education Associa
tion Ends.
Washington, Feb. 13.— After a three days' ses
sion the fifth general convention of the Religious
Education Association adjourned to-night, to meet
in Chicago next February. Addresses were mads
to-day by the Rev. Dr. L.yman Abbott, of New-
York, on "The Significance of the Present Moral
Awakening in the Nation." and Bishop Charles
B. Galloway, of the Methodist Episcopal Churca.
South, on The Demands of the Christian Ideal
on the Nation." Much of the session to-night was
devoted to discussion of "The Education of the
Conscience of the Nation."
Throughout tn? day meetings ■ f the followlaj
departments were held: Universities and colleges.
Sunday schools, elementary and secondary schools.
Christian associations, young people's societies,
religious art and music, foreign mission schools,
fraternal and social service, theological semina
ries, teacher training, churches and pastors. Chris
tian associations and the home. At these suet
ing.-? questions were discussed by college presidents,
professors, ministers and laymen.
The feature of the session of foreign mission
schools was the address of the Rev. H. H. Lowry.
president of Peking University. China, on "Moral
and Religious Training in the Institutions of
Higher Learning In the Foreign Field." Dr. Lowry
declared that great opportunities for Christianiz
ing China are just opening and that it was tha
supreme duty of the Christian world to seize tha
In the department of churches and pastors th»
subject "The Pastor as a Teacher" was discuss**
by William H. P. Faunce. president of Brown Uni
versity, and the Rev. Floyd W. Tomkins. of Phila
A report el "An Investigation of Progress la
Moral and Religious Education in the Universities
and Colleges of the United States" was presented
by Wallace N. Steams, of the University of North
j Distributes Many Thousands of Dollars to
Former Employes. Servants and Others.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Asheville, X. C. F»b. 13.— Mr and Mrs. Jolia
A. Roebling and family left Asheville to-day for
! Trenton, N. J. the home of Mr. Roeblins'*
I father. Colonel Washinston Roeblins. \*her«
i they will reside in the future. Mr. Roeblins
has made his home in Asheville for ten years.
I and departs because the town went •'dry** in
| the recent prohibition election. He worked
against prohibition as a matter of principle, he
says, believing that it meant the infringement
of personal liberty.
Mr. Roebling before departing distributed
thousands of dollars to charity, former em
ployes, servants, newsboys and other«. One
servant received $3<X>. —
Berlin, Feb. President Arthur T. Ha«l?y at
Yale University and Mrs. Hartley had luncheon wit*
Emperor William *o-day. President and Mrs Had
ley gave a reception for their American an* G*f
1 man friends this afternoon. They intend to •**!
| lor the United State* next Tuesday.
Chicago. Feb. 13.— Maxwell Ed^ar. secretary at tie
: Illinois Tax Reform Association, filed la th« Circuit
Court to-day an application for an Injunction V«
, alum* the county from accepting H. •■»».><• front
the estate of the lats Marshall Field in sasslaSSßß|
1 of back taxes.
The amount originally claimed by the county *«»
i <>.UW. and a compromise was effected w'tlMUt
j >,esort to the courts for |l.tXX>.OOt>. Mr. Edgar claims
1 that the county had no ri^ht to compromi.** *»*
j Should receive the full amount of taxes it oripmtUf
I Judge Walker declared that he was too busy ta
j hear the petition and referred It to a master is
i chancery.
Augusta. Ga., Feb. It— The Kav. Frederick T.
Reese, DMStor of Christ Church. Nashville. T«na.»
| was elected bishop of the diocese >: Georji* »•
i the Episcopal convention to-day. Si* ballots «ets
I taken. The vacancy in the bishopric of th« •»!♦
cese waa . 4i:»«-d hy the State of Georgia b«ia«
divided at the general convention of th« Churoi*
held in Richmond and the election of »i*a->i C
I XL. >«l«oa tv> •erva Ux» u«w iliocm* -~

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