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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, March 09, 1908, Image 5

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j Place Where Foreign Women
Seeking Places Find Friends.
H you riryr the bell at Xo '60 East 60th strict and
c'.izzb ti» ftairs to the second floor you will and
oarajsif '" * genuinely German prior. There
*«. a SaSBJ parlor, •with a. piano, and pictures of
E^eihcven and Wapner or. the walls; there la a
j^slr* room -R-Jth Sowers In it. There Is a n*>at
• jtch«s, anal upstairs there are sleeping rooms
for t* 2 Persons. This is the German Governesses*
Cfveral years spo Miss Matilda Demmler, a
j^acher and peverness of many years* experience.
rf««!ved to form an association tor th* benefit of
,rein« of foreijm birth who had com* to America,
to earn their livlnf: as governesses. From «x
r<ne~ce she knew how lonely, how much in need
r t fc«;p. euch -we men may be. She besran in a
cEjaH -Bay. with an office and on* small room.
About <ri?hteen months ago the association — for
j-r thßt time there was an association with a.
•7usiber of responsible members secured its pres
'f\ quanpr? at No. Iw) East 60th street.
• tV> have FO far only two floors of the house.'*
- n Mis' Dennnler. «ho remains superintendent
*>>' the hom«^. "It is not enough, but what will
•voa* 1* * s *^* ' re can Bsri With the two
*<»ldi::g beds •«.' can accommodate twelve young
ia *W* ■.<--• "U"e have three rooms in
♦he nd* house, and when necessary we rent rooms
;- thf T!Ci?riiborhood. W> have row twenty-two
'.^^^U rooming' so ii: the neighborhood and ■
Lavist their meals here.
••70 this home governesses may come whii*
»i:ti2S ' or a Position or when newly arrived in
thai cß't* tr K- And tnose employed in Haw York
rcsK? here in the evenings when they can; it Is
» Sad cT c!'jb for • Bam." 1
Tie caties of the superintendent are varied. As
tfc» a«sociit!on can aJTord to employ only one
-laic. 3J;ss Denaoler does part at the work. "I
r^ok. i was:;. I ci^an." Ehe said contentedly. She
tire informs herself thoroughly or the qualsaear
ucna cf e*«ry povemess In want c? a place.
far this bexne. while not an agency, is a place
There people desirinp a jroverness may go and
p-cure on«> who is well recommended.
Very cosmopolitan is this little home. At the,
-rfi'-r.t t^ne there are Betas! girle, FYench pins
and German jr:ns staying there, one girl of French
rar---,ta?p mho was born In E^ypt and others from
countries still further away.
Ey parir.c *2 s. year a poverness may be a
taember of the association, with the pri\-ilege of
...■iitwp tc the home when she will; and the asso
iiitior. Cads places for these members without
charging any fee. There are about one hundred
o* thtrse members, and then there are also the
fustainin? members-friends who are Interested
l:t the association and who pay $5 a year or aa
rr.^rh mere as they wish or can afford. Thi<»
Cives them the privilege of securing governes-es
through 'lie asstx-iatlcn.
More members ere greatly desired, and the asso
c^.tioa eepecJally wants to become BBSS* widely
lisown as a place where parent* wanting- a. gov
e^:«£s mar be accommodated.
The pre£'d<:nt of the German Governesses* As?o
r:at:cr. ;;- Mrs. M. : -:....rc. of No. M "West STth
... Mrs. Laidwlg Sutro. of. No. 44 "Rest Nth
s:t*«. is vice-president; Mrs. Adolph Vaster, of No.
a TVest TSth street, eecretary. and " C. Sutro, of
ITT Srr:ng street, treasurer.
Ther* i* r.ausht d this bad world lik« sympathy:
*Ti« «o t^rcn^ir.z to lli* soul and face.
— Byron.
A friead at I-a.kev.-ood. M J.. ha? sent S3 for the
boefit cf tbe old snld:<;r In Jersey Ctty— a case
ttat deeply interests her, as a. part of her life was
BTSfd to tbe car* o* a BsaaVaal soldiers in the
CJrfl T.'-ir. DuvM L. Gluck. of Manhattan, gives
J" far the n<f<edy man: "AtSlncere Friend" at Heald
rttel Vt XI tot r.oman with Invalid husband; Miss
TetMTi C £ BnCseport, Conn.. Jl, and Esther Levy.
sts:nyF for tadse.
fi"Ul th* ?ri*?r.d who pent a package by WsJls
rariT'! Express T%hich mntamed CBBg flannel un
6ezss.rzr.cr.is. eUk Ehlrtwaists, several pairs of
tiiC^F. silk t;es. etc.. piease. communicate with th^
cSc?" There la a sr^^^l reason for making this
r«q u—t.
Presi3«it of the T. S. B.: Mis? Helen Keller has
•en me eiirht r.ic*? book? to start a Sunshine
ilfcrs— .• lor th e people h^-re. in the mountains, and
■*• Ec f.n r;!f-ased with th» sift. - - » - think as
oa* of books as w do of bread, and perhaps a
Htt> raore, for - .. eat the bread calmly. b'Jt d"
nmr ti« book?. If any Eunshiner cares to help
atos? war library by pending a book when he. or
«h* ha;- oi» to Erar^ ii •rfH add much to our hap-
Piaeß! The winter i« stiU with us. and it 1» snow-
Har to-Cay. The -pzVT* and Bsagaataiea the Sun
♦ita^T-s have so kindly sent m»- this winter I have
Zzcst-G m tr. four bachelotf=. ur> beyond us m the.
'JKru"a:T,;% and *hey w?re very triad to get -hem.
lasts l.i faashtoe, a.v.VIB L HAULER.
CbeUtn. V.ash.
The XfT Jors^y aasssdaar xrho mad" the r>!ea for
U:ss r.. who tas tufctrculosts, write*; "I do n"t
teorr ho» to express my gratitude for the cen
txna «-!seck fC'o tert for poor Miss C on F«»H
"av IX ?ho pent a. fri<=nd to m«s to convey her
■?«*rTf*;r thanks for th«> Kuushine help. Th« Rev.
al V.'alter. who visits her, l.as also reported to
€■1 a c I am not abi" to go out now. Tn January
fU * torke-i a little, but for the last thrw w^k-'
4-r '* -is at*zT, In bed most ■'■-•.■ very wfsk
n-~in -~i ofr^r.":—^s airme. On wienl occasions, when
■tteaptfag to walk. >«he has falien unconscious
&wa weakness. I:i h"r extremity the applied to
'i* Bißsioa for heip. and th«rri I wrote to th» T.
E E- Iz. a f^w days the check came. To think
T =*t Urn one letter I was permitted »o write should
Fuch a pen^rou? response! Mr. Walton paid
** "~ t^~ board bfU, leaving a balance of $4. and
*^ os the fioetor'e bill. She has since I sen supplied
•ittjextiact of h^.t, and feels a little stronger. I
i>~a.y for fJod'e blessing upon the asMs work of
1 ):t'p for needy and sorrowful lives."
An additional contribution ana m art on Friday.
Tbe c:ct;-.;;. g for No. 10 branch for which an ap
**ii t,-&. made has b*«n forwarded; also the suit
er ti'.tr.es for the crippled man in Illinois. Three
•sttitute families in the lower i.art of the city
<kj*bar.ds oat ot work) have been helped with
*«U-i-i t O»her boxes were Ben to branches In
linn | Hi' to Florida, to the old eoldier in
•f<Tsty '_*ity, tv» a consumptive girl in Virginia.
*^ beeded — fur caipe and swtater to go to lfa«
•"» Put at La. Past, Paris, begs to inform his
Clients (hit his trade-mark fwving been
h '^i-S'h- ■ be of WHITE GROUND j
frr Surr.me* C*r.*<oK Of
1 9$S j
mountains. The church to which she belongs sup
plied other clothing.
The Lifter branch, of Cuba, N. V.. has sent a.
large, and helpful grift to aid the office In its dis
tribution of cheer for children. There were nine
new flannelette nightgowns and twenty partly
worn garments, all in good condition, such as flan
nel sacks, underwear, socks, caps and slips; also
a shawl for some needy woman. A friend at Flat
bush, tent a fine rug. six bound books and stat
uettes; Miss Jessie Fowler, of " Manhattan, some
undergarments; Lorenzo F. Fowler Piercy, of
East Ora:ige. N. J.. a copy of "Pilgrims Prog
ress" in words of one syllable; Mrs. Pauldlng. of
Brooklyn, a fur cape; Mrs. 8., of New Jersey, out
side garments, cards of new fancy buttons, etc.;
An Octogenarian," who likes to fee people happy,
has sent a copy of "Country Life in America,"
which will be a pleasing and helpful gift to one
who lives in the country, and some, unknown
friends sent a package of bright colored scrap
M Worth Points Out Some Fatal Mistakes
in Women's Dress.
"Oh. mesdames"' "^'iaims M W<^rih, of Paris.
'That bete noir<= of fashion: Avoid it. tur:i away
from It. and in time you will wander how tt could
ever nave terriflad you."
Pimpliclty and moderation are the burden of M.
Worth's article on "Individuality m Dress ' in
"Harper's Bazar"' for March. '"Do not order fush-
Isata that date a diess," he advises. When all the
world is wearing balloon sleeves, restrain your
nwn. If tight skirt? arc- deemed the thing, insist
to the dressmaker that yours must have an extra
breadth in it. Frock? made In thl?< moderate wa>.
s;iys M. Worth, if they are beautiful and becom
ing and of good rr-aieriaig, may be worn two.
three, even fcur years with very little alteration,
cr ttfwhans. none at all.
With many women it Is carelessness that makes
them look badly dressed. They will not take the
trouble to suit the gown to the occasion. They
will go. for example, to an afternoon reception or
a wedding- even in tailor made attire, because "it
is my new frock and I wanted to wear It"— because
"I had nothing else fit to go In." or "the day was
dull. 'All poor excuses, madame," says at.
Worth, "not to be tolerated in any grade of so
ciety." A governess, he points out. earning the
most modest of Incomes, can be better dressed
than that— she has a little logic. Each year
aha will add something essential to her wardrobe.
One rear she buys a single evening costume, per
haps, and a tailor made dress both so well chosen
that they will last her several seasons. The next
year she Invests in a big: cloak for travelling and
motoring, and an afternoon gown. The- next year
It 16 lingerie and a peignoir, and so she keeps her
store replenished, and, by always wearing the.
right thing at the right time, always looks well
"Glancing over a magazine the other day," says
M. Worth, "I found an illustration of the differ
ence between true and false beauty in dress." On
one page was a photograph of "the stately young
American Duchess of M .' The dress of the
duchess— the photograph was taken five
years ago "might have been made yesterday,
since there was no lota of departure from the laws
of real beauty to mar It. " The skirt was "not
too tight to be decent," the sleeves were neither
very tight nor very loose. On the next page was
a "so-called fashion plate," depicting the modes of
the day, just five years ago. And "Oh, those
modes:" exclaims M. Worth. "How ridiculous they
did look! One was lost in wonder that sane women
could ever have consented to cut so grotesque a
figure in public or private."
It is a good plan for the woman of small means
to make one type of dress her own, but she must
be sure that the style with which, she identifies
herself is suited to her. and she must not hesitate
to change It when her mirror tells her that she
has grown too old for it. Picture galleries are full
of ideas for the costumier, but, while women who
dress habitually like old pictures create an Indi
viduality for themselves, they must bo great ladles
to adopt the plan with -success, gays M. Worth.
"'Ordinary women do well to avoid an appearance
that is conspicuous, even though beautifully so."
Still, there are tome historical vogues in dress of
which he admits the advantage. The Puritan co:
lar will suit the girl with a soft round throat,
and the Tudor ruff is kind to the woman whose
neck is getting stringy; stately women may wear
the Medici collar, but Jet the squatty woman be
ware of it. Nothing will so emphasize her squat
tiness, and the craze for the Medici collar a few
years ego was the cause, says M. Worth, of "tha
most ludicrous errors In good taste and effect."
It is refreshing to find that this great arbiter of
dress approves the use of pins. Not only that, but
he backs his opinion with the practice of the
Queen of England. "This royal lady relies upon
pins greatly." he says, "and she is acknowledged
tn ■[-■. one of the most cleverly gowned women in
all Europe. Such women make the deftest altera
tions in their toilets, correcting a too short-waist
ed appearance by a sash made to point downward
in front, or an overlong one by the same device
applied the reverse way. "
M Worth has a shrewd idea that many women
of to-day are not quite sane. Else why. he argues,
have they such an extraordinary craze for the
new and strange, in costume? They are obsessed
by that constant turmoil of change which la "the.
jarring note of the twentieth century in every de
partment Of life
"My advice to the American girl is, abjure the
dernier cri. the latest thing. It Is not worth your
notice." says M Worth; and then he utters an
even greater heresy: "Take my word for It, mes
dameg, fashion is not a friend of women, but their
pitfall and their enemy, to be conquered by stud
ied avoidance." Though all the feminine world
appears decollet* at balls and parties, the sensi
ble girl who knows that her neck is bony will
"fllnp conventionality to the winds" and robe her
self for the dance in toilets with a transparent
lace chemisette and collar. Bo will gh« save her
self from being an ugly BaVCraoa on the altar of
Kanry aprons arp modi used just now tor tha
fashionable chafing- dish functions and for th«
hours piven over to fancy work and similar em
jrtoyinents. Here are two that ar<* charmingly at
tractive yet perfectly simple withal, and that can
l.c made from «?mbro!<ier<-d Swiss, plain lawn. the
pretty striped niusli!i>« and all materials of ttV
"TVi* quantity of material required for • !>'■ size
nn.iimn i* «i yard 27 or 3* inches wid< fur either
apron, with Z\~ yard* of insertion and 6 yards <•'
o.ieir.S for U"* Il ' rk ' ><l "Pron. 2^, yards each of
in>Ttlnn and la-« for the prin^se aprnii.
Ti.»- pattern N". 6,337 is rut In nnr> aiz«> nnlv, and
nil •>" miH'd 1" any -fMir^ <" r»<-«l|t «r •ti
p|»3 c ~ 3i'<* pattern n'jinh^r distinct !j . .\<ldr*ss
r*"-rr. D-rartiKfnt. .N>w York Trlbunr If in
r-iirr- for pattern rrnd an *x*r» I-r^nl Nunn sn4
T.r *i!J nuill *>*" letwr j>o«t-£*? in >*>a'el envelope.
Complaint That New Jersey Fares
Better in Transit.
To the Kditor of Th« Tribune.
Sir: Will you kindly consent to explain in your
journal why it Is not practicable to connect the
trolley tracks on the Brooklyn Bridge with the
tracks of the trolley roads on Park Row. and
thus afford the opportunity for through cars to
run from Brooklyn to New York without change?
As the tracks mentioned are only one or two
hundred feet apart, and are virtually on the same
level, the physical difficulties in the way of such
a plan amount to nothing at all.
Of course, at the very outset It will b* said
that legal obstacles, growing out of the charters
of the surface roads, constitute an insuperable
objection to the proposed scheme, but is there
no method whereby public sentiment can over
come this obstacle? The congestion at the New
York terminal of the Brooklyn Bridge is a blot
on civilization, yet by common consent the main
contributory cause of that congestion arises
from the crowds of people at that point hurrying
to and fro In a wild scramble to "change cars."
If some of the trolley cars from. Brooklyn were
permitted to run uptown in New York over th»
Park Row and Broadway surface tracks and in
turn some of the New York trolley cars were per
mitted to run over the bridge to the central sec
tion of Brooklyn the congestion at the bridge
would at once be very largely terminated. Than
is no more essential reason why Brooklynites in
the surface cars bound for upper New York should
always be forced to change cars at the, bridge than
that New Yorkers on the Broadway surface cars
en route for Wall street should always be forced
to change cars at Union Square.
New York and Brooklyn have been legally
merged, but physically they are as far apart as
ever, measured by the ease and facility of inter
communication. The city Is preparing to construct
a colossal terminal at the New York end of the
bridge, but such terminals should properly be de
scribed as "receiving vaults for Brooklynites," as
their chief function apparently is to supply a
place where the citizens of Brooklyn shall be
allowed to sprint up and down stairways and dive
into the bowels of the earth.
What the people of Brooklyn demand Is the light
to bo carried through the central parts of greater
New York by a continuous, unbroken journey and
for a single fare. At the present time, after Brcok
tynttea cross the bridges and ferries, they are in
effect dumped virtually on the edges of the city,
and the resulting labor, for the majority at least,
of forever and aye effecting a change of cars, haa
become wellnigh unbearable.
If there no adequate remedy, and is there no re
lief in sight? The Borough of Brooklyn now con
tains over a million and a quarter of inhabitants.
Very many of us wish to patronize the shops and
th^atrea and restaurants of the Borough of Man
hattan, but to b« plunged, as a consequence, lr.to
the congestion at the terminus of the Brooklyn
Bridge when returning to our homes is almost
equivalent to risking our lives.
It seems inconceivable that a resident of New
ark, N. J . can soon rely on a quicker access
to Herald Square than a resident of Brooklyn, who
may be twice as near In point of actual distance.
By "enabling legislation" of a very effective char
acter the law-making power of New York has
made the McAdoo tunnel to Is'ew Jersey a sp.en
did reality. Why -will not the same power, in some
speedy ajid reasonable manner, extend a helping
hand to Brooklyn?
Is It possible that New Tork lawmakers and
capitalists will do more for the inhabitants of New
Jersey than they are willing to do for the con
venience, comfort 'and safety of the Inhabitants of
the Borough of Brooklyn?
Brooklyn. Feb. 26. 1908.
Correspondent Thinks Their Attitude as to
First and Second Choices Should Be Known.
To the Editor of Th« Tribune.
Sir: As the choice of delegates to the nominat
ing conventions of the two great national parties
approaches much is said in favor of choosing men
"uninstructed" as to their action. So. too, much
was said in the original convention which framed
the United States Constitution in favor of an "i:r.
lnstructed" Electoral College, and such was the
intention of the framers. But the march of democ
racy soon converted the "college" into a mere for
mal device for the registration of previously ex
pressed popular will. So ion- as the views of each
of the two great national parties were substantially
united on questions of public policy more personal
preferences for any particular candidate might b*
held secondary. But such Is no longer the case.
Individual Republicans and Democrats alike hold
the most opposite views on ever* question of pub
lic policy, both domestic and foreign, and. Inside of
the party lines, the choice of candidates will large
ly determine the future action of the government.
In these, circumstances it would seen emi
nently proper that every candidate- for nomination
to the Chicago and Denver conventions should
frankly express his preferences beforehand for
both first and second choice, bo as to enable Re
publicans and Democrats to vote for or aenin?t
him as their representative in th» convention.
I suppose the state* that have the possible can
didacy of a favorite, son will be influenced to vote
for him on th« first ballot: but a majority of the
Republican voters of New England, having no
Bach candidate of their own. are in hearty sym
pathy with the Keneral policies of President Ro<->«
velt and consider the continuance and enforcement
of these necessary to save, th» country from indus
trial and commercial feudalism. They will nat
urally deplore as a national calamity a disregard
of his Judgment m the choice of a successor. They
are predisposed in favor of Secretary Taft, who
baa done the country eminent public service nt
borne and abroad; who stands pledged to the regu
lation and control of all Industrial and transporta
tion monopolies; who is tried and trusted and be
loved, and, above all. who is In favor of speedy
tariff revision.
There is. however, a cordial appreciation of the
character and ability of Governor Hughes, and no
disposition to disparage his candidacy. But there
is a strong trend of public opinion in this com
munity that the next President will be either Taft
or Bryan. There is a suspicion, honestly enter
tained, that the movement against Taft Is largely
a "stand pat" conspiracy, and Is Intended to' be
used. If no choice is made on the first ballot. In
the interest, not of Governor Hughes, but of some>
other candidate more satisfactory to transportation
and stock jobbing interests. In order to enable
individual Republicans to vote Intelligently for
delegates to the national convention, why not ques
tion every candidate for his first and second choice
lor President? HENRY B. BLACKWELL.
Boston. March 7, 190 S.
First President Bought Property Kinsmen
Want Congress to Kestore to Estate.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Senate bill 1.238, also House bill 5.439. was
referred to In The New York Dally Tribune of Feb
ruary 22. 190*. under the heading of "Ask Cash, Not
Glory. Kinsmen of George Washington Want
5305.100 from Congress." The writer, whose name
is not giver.. seeks to be Jocose rather than truth
ful, having either neglected to read the claim or
which It treats or failed to interpret Its meaning, urn
ei.»-nipMlJ'".l in the first paragraph, viz: "Several
hundred persons remotely ami Indirectly related to
the great George feel th.it the time la ripe for them
to receive a slight but substantial token of th«
national gratitude to the amount of $305,100."
It is true that a till was Introduced in Congress
to reimburse the estate of General George Wash
ington for certain hinds of his in the State of Ohio
lost to his heirs by conflicting grants made under
th»' authority of the United States. in this bill one
r-ads that these lands wer< bought by him, ?ur
veyvd by his order, entered on his books and .1 •-!».
n;it>>d In his will. Hence tin assertion m your rol
unms that hi? heira ariafe any "token of national
gratitude"? ran hnvf tound.ttion only in th»- author's
F-urtliT tins ■rtiel« reads: B] tils Will (meaning
\V;if!i|]iKti">n's>. which apportions lii. prwfpds of
bii ••statin Into twenty thrp<" rq'jjj pnrts for twenty
,j, rP^. relation*, all thru couM fr* rounded up ai th»
ttm«- "
Her* th«- wTlter arritn fail'd to inform himself, as
rite . „.- statement is ineoireci. In Ms mill Ge ( —
Washington had already disposed of th« bulk of
his estate in four clause. I',1 ', covering many pages,
and in the fifth clause he named nty-threo
residuary legatees?, for many of whom he had made
provision In the previous clauses.
Whether valuable or not. these lands were his by
right of purchase. Irrespective of the thousands of
acres comprising hi 3 estate.
Furthermore, It will be shown in the bill now
before Congress that Washington's field notes
werp used, thus covering his three surveys, in
Tvhat the author of this article is pleased to style
the "shuffle of conflicting grants."
By reference to Senate and House Mil quoted
above it win be found that every point of this
claim is carefully covered, making it only BSBBBB*
snry to say that had the officers of the United
Elates charged with the duty of issuing patent?
r^u.-wd to issue Patents or Surveys 4.847, 4.^48 an-.l
4.862 General Washington's title to Surveys 1.660, 1,765
and 1,775 would have been protected and his estate
wouid have rpalized the full value of his surveys,
but as it is his estate was deprived of the entire
value of these lands.
Consider that General Washington gave his ser
vices to the United States for eight years with
out remuneration, and that he never received,
never asked and would not accept either bounty
or gift in land or money for said services. In
satisfying this claim Congress would but indem
nify his estate for a loss of warrants purchased
by him and palfi for before or during the Revolu
tion and lost to his estat» and to hip heirs by
offh-ers of the Unired States. JUSTICE.
Baltimore, Marrh 4. 1908.
International Body to Make Up "White List"
of Physicians.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: In reply to the- letter in the Issue of March
6 from "Noblesse Oblige." suggesting that an anti
vivisection league be formed, favoring abolition
preferably, which should among Its other activities
publish a white list to be made up of. physicians
who will come out against vivisection, I beg to
say that such a society la the International Anti-
Vivisection Union, incorporated last month under
the laws of this state. It stands for the absolute
prohibition of vivisection, and its crusade Is to be
on© of public enlightenment along scientific, not
sentimental, lines. On Its white Hat thua far it
has placed Dr. Achilles Rose and Dr. Elmer Lee,
both of New York, together with the twenty-four
distinguished French physicians who came out
some time ago in Paris for the abolition of vivi
section. There are said to be sixty-five thousand
medical practitioners In the United States, of whom
less than five hundred are experimenting vivisec
tionists. How many of the thousands uphold the
theories and practices of the vlvisectionlsts cannot
now be known, but a campaign devoted exclusively
to educating the public as to the futility of vivi
section— Is what the new anti-vivisection
union plans to — will inevitably compel physicians
to define their positions in regard to the practice.
New York chairman International AjUl-Vlvlsectioa
Union. No. 60 East 29th street.
New York, March 5, 1906,
Plea for the Protection of Physicians Who
Insist on Experiments on Themselves.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: I am of the fortunate number ■who read tho
letter of "Noblesse Oblige" in to-day's Issue of
The Tribune. While I appreciate the peculiar zeal
of the "anti-vivlsectionist" disclosed by this pre
cious communication, I feel that hlu enthusiasm has
not carried him far enough — that. In short, he has
wholly neglected to provide for the protection of a
being who, though obviously inferior in the scale
of evolution to the cats and curs, is nevertheless
entitled, I venture to believe, to the consideration
of the more advanced and strenuous reformers.
Needless to say. I mean the physician; and what I
crave for him Is not that he ba protected against
hostile Inroads from without— for that were to place
too tense a strain on the police force, not to men
tion the- army and the nayy — but the thing I could
ardently wish for is that he should be defended
against himself. Why. the bloodcurdling experi
ments he conducts upon the -rats and curs Just
mentioned are as nothing in comparison wltn those
he wreaks, cot upon his patients, as ignorant fa
cetiousneas would have it. but upon r.imaelf.
Think of his allowing himself to be bitten by
plague ir.fected Insects' Of his trials — likewise
upon himself— of chemicals various as they are
ominous! Of his exposing himself to diphtheria
and direful epidemics many and various, while
ethers— near relatives, perhaps— more mindful of
sympathy — for themselves — discreetly slide to cover!
And this and mor** the physician does to gain
knowl-dge for the aervlce of ail others save him
self. True, medicine and surgery have been ad
vanced by this strange conduct of the physician —
more in the !at" fifty than In th>» previous five
hundred years; Lot at what a cost of suffering,
largely t<» himself!
Will no one set a term to this septic, gory mad
ness "• Stay—^n idea: L-ft tf«e antl-vivlsectioni?t.«
offer themselves to the physicians for vivisection
as substitutes for the physician himself and like
wise for the pampered little hniats upon whirh
their owners dote with greater constancy ofttime-i,
it would Beam, than upon their own children.
New York. March 5, 1006. J. L. C.
Correspondent Quotes Dr. Edward Berdoe's
Opinion in Answer to Dr. Armstrong.
To tlie Editor of Th* Tribune.
Sir: Exactly the spirit of careless. Indifference
to suffering of which the objectors to unrestricted
vivisection complain at times (but whirh I long
found It difficult to believe in) is shown I think,
by your correspondent in to-day's Tribune. Dr.
A. A. Armstrong. His remark. "Give us a rest
about the few worthless curs, cate and frogs sacri
ficed," seems to show very clearly that he, both
thinks severe pain, long prolonged, a negligible
quantity, and that many tens of thousands con
stitute in his mind "a few."
Or else, like to many defenders of vivisection,
whose professional caies prevent them from in
forminc themselves thoroughly on this subject,
he is really ignorant what vivisection means. Will
lie not read the following brief catalogue of kinds
of vivisection, made by a distinguished physician,
whose name is followed by initials and titles of
scientific honors?
There Is not an organ of the animal body, not a
function, not a sensation, whirh has not been or Is
not being investigated and experimented upon by
the physiologist Is it the brain? They plough It
with red hot. Instruments: they pick and slice and
galvanize it. la it the spinal cord? Its functions
are minutely explored, and the nerves which come
from 11 traced with scalpel and forceps. In the
eves are inserted powerful and bitlnt; acids, and
through their transparent media the effect of pain
ful inoculations is watched. . . . '.in th.- ani
mal eat? It is to be kept alive without food, or
fed on grotesque diets to see how long it will take
to starve. Can it drink? It must be subjected to
experiments with fluids. It has blood; it must ail
be removed ami pumped in aerain, that something
may be learned even from that. It breathee; it
shall have poisonous gases to inhale.
Can It perspire? It shall be varnished or covered
with wax to see how long it can live without doing
so Can It take cold? It shall be shaven clean and
bathed with Ice water to see how long it will take
to contract pneumonia. Can it burn? It shall be
baked alive. Can it be scalded? It shall b* boiled
alive Freeze. It shall be stiffened to the con
sistency of wood. Is there a new disease discnv
ered by the faculty? It shall be impelled to con
tract it if possible, or exhibit the reason why it
does not Is i her« a degree of agony which Just
stops short of death and no more? . . . Nail by
nail shall be driven carefully into its limbs till no
more crucifixion can be borne— Dr. Edward Ber
do< M Is vivisection. S. N. CLEGHORN.
That la vivisection. S. N. CLEGHOR.V.
Norfolk, Va., Feb. 28, 1303.
To the Editor of the Tribune
Sir: In relation to your editorial relating to the
Washington Museum Building for Newburg. N. V..
I am writing this letter.
Some few rears ago the City of New York pur
chased from the -!.,!•■ of General Ferdinand P.
•'„;!.■ what la know.i as the Juniel .Mansion, which
was used as Washington's headquarters during the
Revolutionary War About a quarter of a million
dollars was wpent f"r this pi) ' •• of ground and
Hie tild manirtorii with the intention that tt would
},a used a* a m'jf^itm for 'h p collfrtlon of Co'o
nui and Revolutionary relics, and that it wnuM
fr» thrown to tit** publlr and attract Htssem
fjom other municipalities.
Several rear* havp ps»sfed and apparently th»
headquartera is ■"i but littlfc by the public. One
of the original workers for the pre.servatlon of
this historic mansion had In view the erection. ad-
Joining the house, of a fireproof structure that
mifrht house available collections of Revolutionary
times. No one. apparently, of lat«« has acitat~l
the subject, but th« state has bc-n asked to build
a similar structure in N'ewburjr, a city that In
population is insignificant when compared with the
treat metropolis. "Would it not be a. (rood chance
for somebody who likes hard work to agitate thi<
subject at present and raise a fund to erect such a.
structure for greater New York? Tour» truly.
New York City. Feb. 21. 1308.
Punishment Needed for Acts Which
May Cause Injun/.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: During the last few days Captain Van
Schalck's sentence of ten years in prison for negli
gence a3 captain of the steamer Slocum has been
affirmed, and an automobilist over in New Jersey
has been cent to the penitentiary for a year and .i
half for causing the death of Manager Jacobs.
Both of these men received severe sentences, not
because they violated Hal law and exposed people
to death, but because they we.re unlucky.
Many others did just what these men did; a few
were punished by a trivial fine; the most were not
punished at all. This New Jersey automoblti*t
goes to the penitentiary for eighteen months, not
because he ran his automobile at a high rate of
speed through crowded streets, but because his
machine happened to hit and kill a prominent man.
Captain Van Schaick gets a ten-year sentence, not
because he neglected his duty but because a cook
upset a pan of grease and started a tire which
caused over a thousand people to lose their
lives. If It had not been for the upsetting of that
pan of grease Captain Van Schaick would prob
ably still be in command of the Slocum.
The person ■who does what may cause an injury
13 Just aa deserving of punishment though he does
not in fact do harm as I:, the person who does the
same, thing and does cause harm, for It is simply
an accident that Injury results In one c a.- and
not In the other.
Severely to punish those who actually cause
great Injury probably has little effect in prevent
ing people from doing what causes such catas
trophes as the burning of the Slocum and sucn
sad occurrences as the killing of Manager Jacobs.
Great numbers of people have lmplictt confidence
in their own luck. The immense amount of gam
bling done proves this. Each one thinks that what
he does will not result seriously, and he tail the
The consequence is that a great many people ar"
killed and a still larger number are injured in
various ways, all of which could easily be avoided
at little trouble or expense to any one. The way
to stop this unnecessary killing and injuring of
people is adequately to punish those who do what
may cause death or injury. If six months befors
the burning of the Slocum Captain Van Schaick
or any other steamboat captain had been sent to
prison for two months the Slocum would probably
never have been burned, and if during the la*t
few years It had been the practice to send auto
mobile ppeedera to prison Manager Jacobs and a.
great many others who have been killed by auto
mobiles probably would not have been killed.
By throwing banana skins on the streets, by
making unnecessary noise, by spitting and doing
various other things that could easily be avoided
people inflict great Injury, in many cases cause
death by a lingering and painful disease. People
would soon stop doing what may cause injury to
others if they were convinced that getting caught
meant prison or at least a stiff fine, and it cer
tainly is better that a few lawbreakers be sent
to prison rather than that many should die violent
deaths, many others contract fatal diseases and
still many others suffer annoyance, pain and in
jury In different ways.
It Is protection against Injury rather than ven
geance for Injury after it Is inflicted that is im
portant to people. L -
New Tork, Feb. IT. 1908.
Question Confronts Those Who Accept Zx-
Governor Biack"s Defence of Betting
To the Editor of Th© Tribune.
Sir: The above practical question now log
confronts those- who accept the declaration ot ex-
Governor Black that "If the desire to bet had been
wrong. God never would have put it into th-"
of man '"
Without discussing the extraordinary assumption
aa to the divine origin of the bettlnsr propensity,
we may concede Its general exister. •
even admit that !t la "natural"; but is H
fore to be condoned?
Not long ago a United States Senator announced
that he "never took much stock in the outcry
against hazing. A young man is a ma animal.
after all, and those who object to his rioting lik*»
a young bull are in a perpetual quarrel with
Upon this I commented in The Tribune for June
13. 1905, in part as follows:
Nature, our legacy from the, source common to the
bull and the hog. the tiger, the sheep and the ap<>.
Impels us to lust and theft, to violence, folly and
uncritical imitation That we may establish our
own self-respect and deserve well of the community
we must all wage "a perpetual quarrel with nature."
Unlike the qualities above named and others com
mon to man and hia "poor relations," the desire to
g«>t something for nothing seems to have few paral
lels in animal life; the nearest approach known to
me is manifested by the "ticks," ixodea; they c'inj;
to a plant by one or two legs and keep the others
outspread upon the chance of grasping a passing
creature and nucking its blood.
The essential quality of gambling was clearly s»t
forth by the Rev. Henry M. Sanders before the
league for Political Education as reported in The
Tribune for December 1, 1301 .
Property may he ali»nat»»d in one of three way*! —
gift, barter or theft Gambling possesses some !lk*»
nesa to giving as it gets nothing in return, and par
takes of the nature of theft, is it give* nothing.
. ... In legitimate bush* transactions each
gets something in return, while the gambler !s cs
centially a pirate, his object b^ing to gpt something
and to give nothing. That so) may have *>n»-tl
chance and give mutual consent Is no excuse. Durl
i as: la murder by mutual agreement and gambling
is robbery by mutual agree)
At -he racetracks, too. are to be reckoned with
the stimulus of rivalry and the nearly irreslstlbia
contagion of the crowd. I>>t none belittle these in
fluences. Imagine two steamboats upon the Hud
son River. Let their passengers be editors *nrt
moralists returning from a convention where were
adopted resolutions against racing and betting.
Now. let a race between the boats B»> started by a.
drunken or overzealoua captain. How long would
it be before the "old Adam" would a.*.-- himself?
How noon would protest give place to Interest and
this to active encouragement? How many would
refrain from betting" Would not some cast into
the furnaces their hats and even their discourses
against vice? BURT G. WILDER.
Ithaca, N. T. March 6. 1903.
An issue of $3,000,000 Washington Water FM I
(Spokane) 6 per cent notes is being offered by M. •:* It
& White and Lee. Higginson & Co.. at U. The com
pany owns a falls on the Spokane Iliver In the city
of Spokane and another waterfalls on the same
river known aa Post Falls. It alas owns and
operates ninety-three miles of electric railway,
seventy-three miles being In Spokane, and it sup
plies light and power to Spokane and surrounding
towns, mines and manufacturing plants.
Domestic Situations Wanted.
¥T'AITHB3? —By first class Swedish *trl; can talcs
11 butl>r*s place; able to hand!" ... entertain
un-nt». very t«:3t >( MawsaßM ■"rases J-5. Os:* i rherc'a
Bureau, 714 umasjton aw. t>ftwe«n 57th and Sath sts.
Tt'l. l'>.*.> nasa.
U'AITRE — First class: can take butl«*r"« ptac«: un
derstand.* ail salads an.l wines and the rare of flea
china ami silver; waK<a Ji;^ lo $'J5. t«-si referen.-.-.
Flaherty » Bureau. 4.V, <-«>luinbu.'« aye. Tel. "II — River.
ffTAITRBBfI —First class; take* butler's place; b*at cttr
\\ referencM. GUI 311 ,W«t Ssth ft.
y- risEHT GOVERNESS. *o.— Hau tartan «>•■ >'~ *
JN English: fjwri»nc>M in trai^iitriK: <»r a" laftv's nw|.l,
A.rv (rood iwtv.--; best reference*. M<ltt»7i«''n'3 Bureau.
522 Mix ay». T»l. ?I» Bryant.
11 .-- By jouiis Orman: nillin^ t<* h* BMrat;
t n«-jt; wag"* $.IT>. ref»ren'"^»: m\tm c><»i Iri»h laun •
dres* Math-*eon'» Bo«au, sz: «?h aye. Tel. 37*
CIIM.K —By younjr lists . woman; worth J3O. will w«v-k.
_,' mr v_i. b*s IS front] oIJ rhjM. r»f rrrn<~r* . eo«n
irj- ai*Ui«w#on'a Bureau, ".-■..*.« Tel, JT>t Hr>«at.
I Instruction. . '
For Both Sexes — City.
Mr Br.KI.ITZ ••< h>k)i or i_*j«rocAn«at
JJADISOJ* SQUAKE (1122 E^oadvaf).
Harlem Bra&eb: 343 Lenox Ava., fe**r lifts.*,
Brooklyn '* '?. Court St. I
Newark ~ Schen^r Bnf In*. *
Good Voices and Sight Singing
ru!tivat».l by contract. Thorrh. stay* an.! conCT* -~w<
t!nn» procured. Inr»rvt»-*- OiER^FELDER. I! t-» 1 sSal
7 tn &p. Tn.. Tuf«laT». ytnrtip. 124 Carnegt)» Kali. -
School Agencies.
! ~—— -~—^—^-— — ~. — ~-~- -^— -~— . — — ... - -..»
i»tri(i( AND roßEin> TEACHERS" AGEXCK.
j aapp!i-s Prof»*»or». Teachers. Tatora. Goveraesaa*. «*•
| to Co!ies;<»». Schools and Familits. Apply to
j Mrs M. J. YOUNG- FTI-TON. 39 Union Sgcjum.
t .'IAnHMOI.-KI.LK AMTOT. - Bavaf A»eney. 22 S.
snrh mt. Tel. ISM Mil: 'an — Teacher*, tutors. *•>»«
' »--*s*<>3 for eollezfa. achools and ;•: -a ■> farotHe»
i* «
I^oiVmep. hiWh~s«~hooL "principal TwiL£ \~-~ •>
pupils as visitine tutor; ran accompany paBMU •! 1 1 TilBJ
; j>'irr"mer. A. H. S. . Trthan* Off!r»>.
- <*lot:i. Note taper. Bawaaopa>«. Wraptrtns Paper.
! Itristol H-^ar-i. Btn^er'n Boa.r-2. Notehor.k.". L*-rr» r rim.
I IVnrlla. [Via, I-enho!«i»T9. RTSb^r Eraser*, rianimeter.
. r>ivi,l r». I'retrartors. Ranstne Poles Let-»tin? Rod*. *tMt
! Tafws. Slide Ku>9, Tnir..-»c»trent <*urve<». F**»m I'lmpasi^i,
; Magnifying daaaca, Flum!> lv*». Thumb Ta.-«ji. Metal
Tubes {ir I"aper. Caat»»>n». Water Color*. Paint Brashes.
; Ink. etr. Seal«^! proposals wli] be rwTejvert at ttw» nfic*
r.r the O»nerul I*&n:!ia«lEK Offcer. Isthmian. <*aoal Coo
misslon. Wasbtnctflo, I>. C. until 10:£«> a. m.. April •»
U«*>. at which time they wIM N» npenerf in public, far
furr.Jshir.ir tfi-> above- mentioned articles. Planks ami wrr. -
era! »»*" ■"■**ftn r»-lat:r.< to this Circular (No. •*!> Mr »<•
r>btain*J from this offies or Ui* o2lc«s of taw Assistant
Purnhajmif Agtr.ta. _ ;*au» Str»«. New Tor;* «It> ;
'■"diitom li'~>Tia»-.. New Orleans. I^i. ; aiso Tmtn •- • U. 3.
Knff'.aeT Offices la th/» followlrjr cit!»s: Baltimore. 212.;
Philadelphia. Pa.; Pitt*bur«. fa. Boston. Maa». . Bnf
falo N. T.; Clev»!ani Ohio; Cincinnati. Ofelo; Chtraaa\
II!.; St. Louis. Mo.; Detroit. Miit. , Milwaukee, Wla.:
St. PaaL lltsm. : ■.z'.ar ssa, T-r-. . LcutsvlUe. Ky- anal
Mobile AU.-H. F. Hodges. Lieut. Cat, Corgm of Ea-
Ktaeera. U. S. A.. <i«r>-ra.i Purchasing O3c*T.
' ' Ma. Waaatnstoq, fr>b. it, [■mm j*~ai<«l proposals will
»-» received at tiiis 'oiS.ce until 12 o'clock X.. SBSSdBS,
Miirrh IH, MX I *, for '"OBStroctteg' sewer in the- District rt
t'olumbia. Fcritis. sp^clncatlona awl D?«.«»ary Informa
tion may be obtained at room 43. District Btuidios. Wasfv.
lr.eton. D- C. Henry B. F. Uacfartassi. Henry L. Hen,
Jay J. ilorrr>w. Commissioners. D. C
X tiio grace or Ocd free ami Si i-^atiaaat.
Ti> William E. Barnes, Mary J. Soutiwick. Henry J.
Lynch, Claudia Middletun. wuitam il. Han. Baajsassa)
I. Alien. Jennie P. Ailen. Jessica F. Watson. Charles
A. Barnes. j.r..i to all persona Interested in the astatai
of Kate H. Smith, late of the. Couaty of SBsai Tori*.
deceased, as creditors, next at kin or o;a«rwi*a. a»ai
greeiiag: You asd each of you are cereb7 ci:»vi and
r>-'i'Jireil yersonaliy to De and appear before our Sur
rogate of the County of New v rk, at the 3orroara:» a
• 'our; oi said county, at ISM Hall or Records, to !>•
h»-!d on the -Ist day of April. 1303, at half-past tea
o'clock in the forenoon of thai Jay. then and there as
attend th» judicial settlement -it th* account of, ti>«>
proceedings or haul E. Guy Smith, as executor oS
the last will a., testament of Kate- U. Smitix. At
ct«AS*?d. v\r.v.i such of you as a. ■• hereoy cited as » *
under the age of iweaty-oa« years art required to ap
pear by yo'ir euar-iian. if you navo one. or. If you iia *
none, to appear and apply for ono to to* a^pomtao. or
in tae event of your neglect or failure, to do •». a
guardian will be. appointed by the Siirrogat* to repre
sent and act for you in this proceeding.
In testimony whereof. I aave caused tha Seal of th»
Surrogate's Court of the. Bald County of New To; *. to
be hereunto a&xed. Witness. Hon. Charles H.
[L. S.] Beckett, a Surrogate of our said county, as
the. County of New York, on BBS 2Ttii d*y of.
February, in the year of our L.orl on» thousaßd ninai
hundred and eight.
Cleric of the. Surrogate' a Court.
HOWE, SMITH & HOWE. Attorneys for Sjiacutor.
33 Bruadway. Borough of Manhattan. New XorM
City. N. Y.
JL trie grao-j of God froe and BasasMsaas, to Ha.
nette Mutt Warren. Phebe Warren JlcConihe. Mary
Warren Thompson. Anna Warren «»Uddea. Walter r.
Warren. Martha C. Warren. Henry P. McKwn, ThoaiaJ
McKwMfa Maria McKean Allen. I'helve McxCeac Donu'.
Edward In^ersoli, Phtbe. W. I. McCain Anna W. I.
Smith. Henry McKean Ingersoll Bad Jea&nla H. lager
soil, the heirs and next M kin. of Joan Hobaxt ■--...
deceased, send graetlns:
Whereas. Charles E. BBSBSB of. ttia City of BaaaJ
York, has lately applied to the Surrogates' Court of
our County of New York to hara a certain Instrument
in writing, bearing date ih« -Oth day of December.
lUO4. ahittilg to both real and personal property, duly
proved as the last will and testament of John Hobart
VVarren. lata of this County of New York, deceased,
therefore you and each of you are cited to appear be
fore the Surrogate of our County of New York, at hi»
ctS.ce in the County of New York, on the I3tr. day of
April, one thousand nin« hundred and eight, at half
past ten o'clock in. the forenoon of that d*'- then ant
there to attend the probate of the said last will anil
And such of you ■ are. her«hy •-:•«.! zs ar<»
nnder the age of twenty-one years are required to ap
pear by your guardian. If you have. cne. or if you
hav>» none, to appear and apply for one- la be a?
pointed, or In the event of your neglect or failure to
do SO a guardian will b« appointed by rh* inajgßMa
to represent and act Sac you in th» proce"»d!n*.
In testimony -whereof, we. have caused rh» **al of
the Surrogates* Court of the said County of " -- Toric
to be. hereunto affixed. ■■.<«« Hon.
"L.. H-] Charles H. Beckett, a -Su.-rofrat<» of our nil
ro-jnty of New York, at ami county. th«» ITrh
day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand
nine hundred and eight.
Clerk of th<» Sorrogates' Court
JLi th« state of New York, by th« irr*ce at God ' as
and independent, to Richard Milliard oterun*. A<n>«
HHliarri Sterling. Harris". Cacfl*ld Sterling Buckbam.
John Montgomery Sterling. Mary Hillianl Morgan,
Dora Hilliarvl <."alll'en. Kathertna Hllltarti Sterling.
Theo.lore We'.J Sterling, tht h«tra and next of kin of
Chark>tt«? B- Lawrence, dec-ased. -I iT»*t!naj
Whereas. John Wirtsj P.±rkj. of th<» Cltr of >•••»
Tori, has lately a?p!!e<i to th» -.-<*•-• Cour: if
our Cour.ty of New York to have a certain lajrtrosa"DS ;
tn wr'tins:. r»!atl:isr to both real and peraoaai property,
duly approx-ed a< th» la.st wUI and testament of. Char
iot's B Lawreaeat !at» or the County or laaaa York. d«
i_ea~e<i. Therefore you and each of you art •'-. to ap
pear before the of our County .' New Y-Tk.
at his offici* tn the County it N>w York, or ms 23r X
day of March, on* thonsaad nine hundred and •l» v !-. •
a: "half -past t*n o'clock !n the forenoon of that day.'
then a.mi t^ere to a.tten<i the prooa.:* of the said 1*»» :
w!'.! and testament- Asml such of you a* are h irw»y
cited ci.i are under the *«* of twecty-one years «r^ i
r*<iuire<i to appear by your gaßßflaasat if you ha»» ona.
or. If you have none, to app«ar aaJ apply tor on* a*
b- appointed, or In the event of your neglect or faitast*
to Ja so. a g-oardlaa win be appointed by th<» 'irrosat*
to represent and act for you In the proceeding.
In testimony wh«reof. w« ii»i-» Haasd til- Seal of tha .
Surrogate's Court of the said County of N'»w York •-> '■■
be hereunto aJ~.x».: 'Witness. Km. aßaaaj C.I
[L. S.] Thomas, a Surrogate of our Baud County eff!
New York, at »ai<l County, the i- - day ef '
January, in the ass of our Lori ceo* ibi'jaand nias '
hunJred and tls&t.
Clerk of tin t'arrogate'a roart
n\ -.■-. PEOPI-B OF tub STATE or not TOES. bt
I tr.e .ric oZ Go<± trm* and tsdepecdent. to Ll*
B. KradJoni. Caroline G Rrs.Hngt.on. Caroltaw O- M"- :
Cletlan, Oeorje G. Mc<Jlel!a2. Carolina - .irr.rnaa. Olt^a> :
Drew, Htlen (i. Turtle. Alfred Oilman. E<l-)rard I ?•- • ;
rivai Gt-orga J. P-rclva'. Edward L. Norton, Xlnate N.
I.ittie. Eili-n A. Starr. Mary F Ord. Mllford H. Norton.
Mary F. Norton. Charlotte N. SarraJt. Amwm X Oilman.
Frazler OUir.an. Theoptilus Gllman. Charles B. Gll
n;ir.. Aiti^rlcaa S'irety Company of New York, an I '
Frazier G&tBMB, commtttee of tho person an! pr:r— '
of saM Anna K. GUnian. an rissaSjasJ person, aad ta '
all pir'tons Interested ia the estate of Ceorjs F. on- .
man, liiceaaed. as creditors, next of l«!a or o:s»rwin,
send jrreetinjr:
You and each of you are her-by cited ami re<iaJr»<l
personally to h*> and appear before our Surrogate «<f th«
Cotmty of New YorW. at tbe Surrogate's Court of ■»!<•-
County held at the Ha.ll of Records. In the Cotmty «8'
New Tcark. or. the iMth .iay of March. X&0"». at *.a.lf-peat
ten or lock tn the forenoon •■<*■' »ci '**-*
to ai'en.t a judicial settlement of the account of — - 1
teeiilmi of Theophtlus Gllman and Edward L Norton.
a« \<lmtnUtrators of the goo<Js. chattels and credits ■><
sa'.d J<?c-a3ed. and such of you as are hereby cited as
ar» unJ»r th^ age of twenty-one years are required "> •
appear h-r year guardian. !f you have on*, or. If jmj j
have none. tr> appear and apply for one to be appoint*!. \
cr In the evert of your neglect or failure •'> io an. a>
Ruardtan will *>» appointed by the Surrogate to r»pp»
»eni and act for you !n the proceeding.
In testimony whereof, we have caused the Seal -'. th« .
Surrogate s Court of the said County of N--» York to th% [
hereunto alT.ied. -sa Hon. Abnar C.
[L. B.] Thosias. a burronate of our said County, at!
the County of New Tork. tls# 29th day oi
January, in the year of our Lord on* t!uuaand maa
hundred and eizht.
Clerk of the Surrogate* Court
BH!"H a rJUWF^R] Attorney* for Administrator*, |
No 3O Rroad S:re»t. Manhattan. New York City.
Notice of Summons.
O P Markha^.. pUin::?T. against James M-Mu:'.an.
Catherine M.:Miillm. Mnrgar-t F MoMallM, »-»tßi
M JJulixn. Joseph Mi-MulUn. Miry Mciluilar.. Cecilia M • -
MnQaa. Cecilia ilUier. Kat9 Graham. Janje» McMulUa.
a>< aiSmlntstiutor of the iroods. chattels aa*l credits oC
>-'-ia&et.T A McMullan. decease'! ; Elizabeth A. McMullan.
g-n^rai guardian of Margaret F. McMulUn. as xtmlaßS"
tratrix of the goods, chattels and cre<Hts left unaiimij*-
Istertd of K'.irub»-ifi A. MoMullu. deoeajted. ami K::z.i
beth A McMullan. aa general guardian of 3:j..-;i.— t W.
M 'MBltaa. d-fenJanta.— Summons.
To the above r.anied deienJant. James M.r.Mu'.i.in;
Yt^u are hereby tummonnl to answer the .•-..:r.plj;r.t -»
thU a.-tluc. and to ser%» a copy of your ar.swer tn th»
plaintiff's attorneys within twenty days after Mm serrtcs
of this summon*, exclusive of the day of ser»lce. and li»
ruse i>? your failure to appear or tiwa*r. lud^nent will
be taken against you by default for tho reUef derma 354
In the fumplalnt.
luted Sew York. November 13th. U»"»T.
ItaintltT. zn s;iut.!w»y Boroujn of Manhattan. N*av
York <Ity.
To the dpjen.!ant. James M^Mut'aa:
TU«- foregoing summon* la servej upon you br vaMlea
tlon. pursuant to »n order of lion David Larentrlic ""•
r,? th« Justice* of the Suprrme Court cf tls» St*t-» ef Sm»
Tork. fUte.l February At;-.. tISS. an»l filed wttl» th« eatat
plaint tn the ortire of the 'Vark a* tho Oontv at New
York, at the <*»unty Cnu't ll.tua* In the said county, cm
the nth <lay «f Fehruarr. Ifx»«.
r'.»ln'!?T. O*>«-e an 4 Posfofflc* , -«•• 32 Rrv>*»»»,
Borv>ush of Manhattan. Sew York Cltr.
\- . - -.• for "-.« TrfNxa*
r».:e!v«j at the«r i piamm <>tCce. Nt>. 13*» Brrmjt-mmy. .
tiet-aeen 3<th and 3?th its., until ft o'clock 9 m. AiX««r-.
ii»emeni« received *r -h« foUnwiag BSBBCh «Bj— at
reicilar p<Hc» raie* until * o'eh^k v ■»-. Tta Ja* r\ ;
nve « c. r-,-. mat: <•" •*- . -or IM St.; •» ImU
Mia' si . 97 Wot ci st. t«t-»-- a Tta m «■ bibs>i^
- SB*

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