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Entrance to Mul! Huus
...-.■:. -.. ■ ■ ■ c grasj cil ■ ! " fabl< it mi ■ ■ I V thi end; and it cover th< complex story of human s<>< t-1 very real fable, too father w; ■ ■ ■ have closer] her eyes to the miseries >>t tin pooi bul to her there is something overwhelming and unforgetable in class distinctions: 01 I extra mci by the idle rich, on tht • ■ ■ ■ hildren ci j ing for bread. A i: \'.ill known, there have been .1 thousand and one attempts to bridge the social chasm; but Mis Addams decided to make her life her ai ■ 1 ■ c moved down in the slums and worked Y( others have done that too, and will do it gain bui in Miss Addams' s case the idea was noi ■ palliatives. Her plan was wider, far more subtle One would have t<> think about it a long i ■ before he grasped the special application ■ cultivation of social feeling, or the.ac ttion hi sympathy. The word sympathy is often ci nfu ed with pity; but sympathy indicates :• much finer feeling. Sympathy means feeling with another. It has broader benevolence than pity. \\Y may pit) one whom we despise; but we cannot ■ ithize with him. So, her plan is not senti ■ii Farfromit! U\ ever striving to forget hei • ■ onal interests, she identified her life more nr< with the greal cause of humanity, and ■ hfi grew the consciousness <>t enlarged and •■ usefulne Hei parish? Think of the steerage crowd in a •<'■ nc] class immigrant ship, from Genoa. Morris X feld's Yiddish songs of the sweatshop were .-■I down there on Hakted-st. It was Chicago's i ' •■■ plac« thai Tolstoi would have revered, yes, friend ol •'..< downtrodden muzhik, he would have I was big with Fate; and to this White liapi ■ • • ; ■ agi Jam Addams brought h< ■■••'. ercoi : ■ ■ as a pledge f< •• the I Early Opposition >n shop, boys threw stone , broke win and despoiled the ground Prie I and rabbis '•■ c Jane Addam ,on her ide, wa - •■ . '.-• iw dance halls lured fa< torj . n< law against child labor; every da) lied in factories, at unpn»te< ted ma< •■ ■■ •■ n vi ;■ ing nur es, so mvi h needed down ■ then wa no I '.•■ ago Central Reliei n short, her parish was down, pov n pui ■ <•. bai an and God I!• • !it< •i< ..1 h<- wa ' Sh< ■ ■■•::■ »urn >r to • lean up h< ' lyoi appointed hei nd really 1 ildi | |:■ : ' '■' ■ VV'ard, • dropped from 1 1 I began t< 1 w • fter all there might be vould o*>n fizzle oui • Addam ■ wa ■ trj ing ; pul in pra dail) ne< d a \ er> ■ imple imple thai men naturally misundei ■ rally look for hard thing and She was n< >1 tr> ing to niak<- a fr< > jxjri oi enti •■ through ai ■ led culture • : needlework, 01 lectures, 01 thi -i that, a free • Hi' li the paufM : labor of Europe !.. withoul a penny in their pot-kei '!• ■■ in ii.. 11 head; .■■ pai 1. oi ti u< manline 1 hai ■.•■ , ■ . SUNDAY MAGAZINE FOR APRIL 19. 1908 not thinking of social equality in the sentimental sense.- that there is no real difference between the •ramp, with his abnormal and unwholesome life,' and the honest working man. who takes pride in his wife ;iTid his children. Her plan for the new social democracy laid emphasis on the accumulation of sympathy, tender yet strong, and always sane. through adequate understanding of the lives of rich and poor alike. For her poor neighbors^ if they ever came, which looked doubtful, in Jane Addams's four upper rooms was spread a dream of domestic loveliness. Floors were polished, rui;s spread, walls tinted in ivory and gold, hung with, pretty etchings and water colors, and there were flowers, and there was music ; and everywhere was that refinement and taste as though by magic a glimpse of one of Chicago's fine homes had unexpectedly grown up overnight in the slums, and the door ••■•■! ajar for the poor to enter,- not overgrand. not bizarre, but decorous and domestic in English style, with mahogany furni ture, just a few pieces here and there—and that something that you must feel. As I wandered through Hull House. I saw many •harming decorative touches. I remember the creche, where the working women bring their chil dren, for five cents a day. On the stairway are Raphael':- Madonna: and casts by Donatello and Andrea della Robbia. Practical Plans for Workers TAXi: ADDAMS had practical plans for every day. J Miss Jennie Dow gave the money for a kinder garten, and taught for a year; and then came a Looking school; and by and by — In those days nearby was a livery stable, and the livery table man wouldn't move out, and Jane Addams wanted the ground for an art gallery. What an idea! Hut it came; and soon a loan col lection blossomed over that way. It was not art for tns multitude, or anything of the sort; it was a first subtle appeal to neighborliness, in Jane Ad lams's own way. Art is for those who understand. Mcr >V..rk 1> 11 i.,J ..n Minute Mjr>ha!irnf nt Fact. of course; but the magic of six iil feeling, th.tt's wholly another matter. Jane Addani belief is that social feeling <•! the right sort will ultimately break down the barrier between class and class: will take the place of charity, as such, and of legislation, as such; and will dispel the mis apprehensions that tend to keep one end of Chicago, or any other city, away from the other end A a faint sign, slum dwellers came, timidly at first, then in number , and the Italian women trooped through with the children . and many men and women from homes of wealth and rerinemeni dropped in and tt>< »k a l'»>k In her work, Jane Addams early surrounded herself with will ing workers, from many levels oi lite. -rich or i r, college red or sell educated, anil i>l man) shades of opinion.^-and from the v«ry first this group tried t>> make Chicago a bettercity. » >n the civic siile, whenever tacts were gathered on conditions thai needed correc tion, the nation was turned over to a legislative i>i an execu tive bod) for action. I wtsh 1 had time t<> tell of the long fight against the druggists who sold cocaine tochildren; of the twelve hundred school children whose only playground was the "dump"; <■! now factory laws, the tuber- rulosis inquiry among rear tenemcnl rs; ar.d the dreadftiltcenter tnat was found, ;.'- nfamora "Lung Block" on t'herry-st.. New V ity; and the right against typhoid by personal eetkmet some four thousand tenements. Xeighborliness? An Italian womai .:: •r day. and, seeing a vase of roses, wondi >w they could be so fresh, "so far from It illy, are there roses in America?" One night,'! tn wives, not knowing what to do or to say, . - ■;■:/ showed their hand embroidered peti toH that it was their own work. Miss A>!. : x a new way to neighborliness, through old c . handi craft : put in spinning wheels, hand I< » <• : even .-. Jacquard loom. — the machine that ha ■ :f eve: a machine had brains. Peasants v. • ■ :"-.:_• beautiful cloth: and to-day the spinn • : weav ing room is a pleasant place to spend m hi>ur. taking you back to the days <•: tl "Culture," says Miss Addam>. "is an landing of the loner established occupations : _:.t» < : men." She used also the appeal of t country songs; taught immigrant v ow :■ cook, and how t>> sew on a button. .. I ran a seam, and how to mend a child's eithout botching it: and she showed the wiv« how to make a bed and how to swei added music; for, as she says. "M:- - men forget their differences." The Basic Principle AND all this brings us back t« . the f. .. -. Who - r *- is my neighbor? Jane Addam< '. this question sixteen years ago by going I >:r.> :.» the poor, and she is still there to-day verent friend of the forgotten cla>^. the A- in the making, the Lithuanian of the stocl sweatshop girls. Italians who shovel railroad-;. Greek pu-hcart peddlers, ..r>h s composed of a congeries <>f nationality ■■' very door, a mighty horde, gathered by •"• Disproving also the reproach that the ■ lives. t.»r years many Chicago won have helped with time. m. >ney. ami tl sac rifices. Yes. neighborly friendship over crowded tenements has become .1 gem Jane Addams can adapt herselt :•• ; i-"»<\ from Chicago newsboys to a pai is as accessible to a lireek fruil ; t *be a to a civic federation director. The eadeis of thought know her. She spoke .■.■[' .1 dele gate, and made a deep impressi i grave European men «>f letters and opening doors for her, handing her ■ ' ' o-xei right and let!. At college commemei sheia on the platform beside gray ! v. : ■ -ufcnts, and in the shim> she is etjualh .r ''" ff wife of the drunkard. She sees socii fop. priest, thief, eovutte, h«mesi w that part of Chicago known .^ the never a hand would be raised again: seen the thief no doubt often watchi tance, ready to be her rude protect r A::1 one terrible blow the man who «larv? I saw her at Hull House pussin- h the crowded rvx>ms, around her man> ■■ r^ ers > a word here, a smile there She was ■: ■ ••' 3 black, as modestly a^ a nun Tele] - Wtre ringing. outer di«-rs were swinging, tv hour. It always seemet! thai she the picture, rather than that she vva picture. What is it that keeps Hull lion-., g. a wondering. Yes; the old college sons; re-. " "l'is love th;-t makes the world go n Let u> lo>.k at lier closely iii her bus; salon of the new social democrtkcv, . ' ' : - n refinement and spirit . 1 saw in o-,u •■ i' > meet and counsel with lane Addai • ■* washwoman, a hunchback boy. an It; •. . •• .1 with gaudy skirts, widows, orphans, • n i'^'^ ll on their luck Practical? Yes, pract These are the words Roosevelt n-< ' n Jane Ad<lam>*s c;isi\ they mean that - ! ru.it-.. Th« Hull House Quadrangle.