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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 16, 1908, Image 1

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VOV OI ~ LXV 11 1 . . .. N°- 22,462.
]\\ T. Evans Complainant Against
William Clausen.
Han Clausen, an art dealer, of East 35th
„....-■ was arrested yesterday afternoon in his
ftcre by Deputy Sheriff Walgering on a civil
order issued by Justice Davis, of the Supreme
Court, on the application of William T. Evans.
of Jlontrlair. X. J.. a well known art collector
and connoisseur, •who seeks to recover $5,30Q for
two paintings which he allege? -were sold to him
under Basse pretences. Bail was fixed at $5,000.
>» a la* hour last night the prisoner was still
In Ludlow Street Jail.
The complaint alleges that the plaintiff in
jSBJ bought two paintings from the defendant
which were v*>prps«>i»t*>d to him to "oe the work
cf th» late Homer D. Martin, but that subse
quent investigation has oesnrtawed the plaintiff
that the paintings were not genuine. Mr. Evans
in an affidavit charges "d^eit and fraudulent
misrepresentation" in connection with the sale,
For Urn painting entitled "N-'ar Newport" he de
mands $2. R damages, and for that called "Old
21111 Near J^aint -Cloud" he asks $2,500 damages.
These are the amounts which he says he paid
for the canvases.
Mr. Clausen called Us arrest the result of a
conspiracy; and maintained that he believed the
two canvases to be genuine.
The complaint goes on to say that Mr. Evans
had heard several criticisms of the pictures and
that the middle of last April he ordered them
to be taken from the frames and examined.
•Tpon taking pictures from their frames," con
ttiraesth<-- affidavit, "1 found that the back of each
one of them was stained or daubed with paint.
Tvhich is not usually done by artists, and which,
in vr.y opinion, war done, with respect to said
BBS pictures, cither to give the canvases the
appearance of age. or to hide stencil marks on
the backs of the canvases, which, if left visible,
would have given the names of the manufact
urers c, the canvases and assisted in tracing
their origin."
Attached to the complaint are half a dozen
affidavits in addition to that of Mr. Evans.
fJttai J. Karen, a former employe of Mr. Clau
sen, makes affidavit as follows:
Per a r>»riod of several rears bare canvases were
Ire<juer;tiy mourned upon stittchers in the place of
business of the said William Clausen and prepared
lor painting and. vben thus prepared, were sent
away from said Clausen's place of business, and
canvases. which. In my opinion, were the same which
tad been sent away were soon afterward returned.
having painted upon them pictures signed with
th» names of celebrated American artists, princi
pally George Inness. Alexander H. Wyant or
limner D. Martin, all of whom had then been dead
for several years, and pictures painted by any one of
n-ritun rommASßled a ready sal° at l>is:h prices. The
ficturf-s '•• which I refer were painted In Imita
tion of U*e work of the artists whose names they
•,--< Said pictures were offered for sale, and
trid Iro:n tim« to time by said c; a uffr as original
■trorks of the artists whose mines they bore, said
dassen well knowing they were spurious.
Charles Graessel who was also formerly an
employe, swore to the same effect as Karch. and
- ■ Haea saw- him < ( 'lat!s"nt staining the wooden
rtrrtchers to give them the appearance of age. On
*»v«ra! occasions said defendant ordered that the
paWjlimi of the floor be saved -and he used them
cc. canvases. which had recently been painted by
I lisa i n such sweepings on the back of . the can
v&sej to take off their new appearsnos «nd to
rlv ihrm th» appeara.no*> of age. I remember the
-nttßf**caTled"'-N"esrf Newport-"" T fitted it Into
f». frame when it came into defendant's eytablish
■BC which was in or about the year 39"3. It
SSjf then, a freshly painted picture. It was only
■ lev weeks, or at most only a few month*, old at
its: time. - -- - - - -
One affidavit is that of Frederick W. Kost. an
■Hat, Asm Bays that Clausen told him the
Thole picture business was a bunco game.
Kost raid he was called to the home of th- late
Lyman G. Bloomingdale to examine a picture
■which Mr. Bloomingdale had purchased from
Clausen lor ■ Hcm?r Martin.
H» said be called on Clausen and was told
that the picture was all right. Then he called
en Mr Bloomingdale. examined the picture and
pronounced it an imitation. Mr. Bloomlngdale.
tlp» affidavit continues, sent the picture back,
end a day or two later K<-«st says he called on
Clausen Th- affidavit then goes on:
I sated the defendant Clausen: "Where Is that
Homer Martin 1 turned down for you at Mr.
SBBenjirig'ia'f > yesterday The defendant Clau
■Bi fcaid: "It i= "upstairs'." Then I paid: "Tell me.
Clausen, who painted on that picture— Da
Hf replied: "No. Dawson don't paint on no more
'Homer Martins' for me." Then said in Fub
tarc*. "\viiat are you trying to do a thing like
that for— to *eil a "picture like that to BlooiniiiK
<)&>.?" and lie replied: "If thai was a good 'Homer
Jartin' you don't suppose that li« would get it?"
Whereupon I taid. "It -«-enis like a bunco gam«
that you are trying to set me Into."" and be said:
Tawss*. don't you know that the whole picture busi
ness is a Iran ■■■ Basse?"
William Macbeth, -who has an art gallery at
*o. <S0 Fifth avenue, swears that he considers
t*!» -.- paintings In question to be imitations.
•s does Arthur c. Friedrichs. a dealer in art
'-'■ -at No. ICS We>t ,",Tth street, who states
5s his affidavit that the canvas on which the
•"Stares arc painted was manufactured by him
to 1302, or five years aft»>r Homer D. Martin
Mr. Evans, the complainant, who is treasurer
« the dryg(y,-ds firm of Mills & <;ibb. at Broad
■*ay and Grand street, said yesterday th.it the
*hole matter was now in the hands of Frank
2- Lawrence, hie counsel. He added: "In good
*■■* the name of the artists In question will
••Pew. The papers in the case show conclu
sively enough, I think, who is at the bottom
•* this affair, and they ought to fix responslbil
•^ for the evident fraud that ha« been perpe
•"*"- I suppose this will create a stir in the
"Wartd. but I think the pubUc ought to be
«nk*al that some steps have been taken."
«£ Svans added that many other private art
collectors had purchased paintings in the last
I*"" years which had turned out to be lmlta-
y r. Clausen talker] freely while at the Sheriff's
C se»~ k<- said he had the receipted bills and the
to«ck Rubs to show when and from whom he
•j***»s*d the paintings which he sold to Mr.
•s™°": He reiterated his statement that he had
■ oT *;lit the George Inness canvas "Late After
■"■•tl!Hfi.--W." which he sold, to Mr. Evans
*•*** authenticity of which is also questioned.
■"■the widow of the painter, and added that
nsd Mrs. bUMSSfS receipt for the money.
Asked about the reported trouble which he
.**^ had with Dr. Alexander O. Humphreys,
•*«i<ient of Stevens Institute over certain pict
' *"• Clausen said that there was no truth in
• r^port. "We made a ' settlement several
«^ Sag ° aS ■ r ' suU of th * rx^-haiDc of certain
said Mi Clausen. "I am suing: Mr.
WT*> rr * J * tor his 'failure to accept a painting
.' ChiJ<Je Hassam which he ordered from me
** IUOO. That is all." '
Von'*** ""nr-d Jasl night that <;r-ora;e W.
2** 1 Andrew Freed man and George A. Hem
■'■"[•! ** * d -niany paintings in the last five.
J^Jfom <-lsLusen -In vl « w ' c * Mr - "Evans's suit
■„ J ' * hT " having all the canvases , bought
; «i3U '. laU6en H^' ; investigated. Mr. Hearn re-
i gav * -.. valua - collection of American
° r te to th"? Metropolitan Museum of Art.
♦ir*"., .\,'" Railroad, l.cglnnir.jr Maj IT. Con
■». iirV ru. Sundays.— Advt. ''•'•' '*■■ m - *•**
To-d«T, prnb.'iblr liwnrr* and warmer.
To-morrow, fair; couth winds.
Currency Measure Goes to Confer
: — Agreement Expected.
\ ( From The Trthun* Bureau. 1
j Washington. May 15. — The Senate to-day
I struck out "all after the enacting clause" of the
j Vreeland financial bill, amended It by substitut
! ing a new Aldrich hill, which was drafted by
I Mr. Aldrich yesterday and adopted unanimously
j by the Finance Committee this morning, and
j then sen' th' measure to conference.
The new Aldrich bill provides for an emer
gency currency, not to exceed ?500,000.000 in
amount, to be secured by state, county and
municipal bonds, to be geographically distrib
| uted, and the necessity and amount of th-> Issue
to be wholly within the discretion of the Secre
; tary of the Treasury. Th» hill further provides
a tax on such emergency currency of one-half of
1 per cent a month for the first four months
and three-quarters of 1 per cent a month there
1 after
Th» bill also provides that federal deposits in
; national banks shall draw such uniform interest
as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe,
but not loss than one-half of 1 per cent per
annum. Finally provision is made for a com
mission, to be known as the National Monetary
Commission, to be composed, of nine members
Of each house of Congress, to be appointed by
the Vice-President and the Speaker, respective
ly, which shall be charged with the duty of in
vestigating and reporting such changes In the
monetary system as may be deemed advisable.
At five minutes after noon Mr. Aldrlch intro
duced this bill In the Senate and, without leav
ing his seat, reported it favorably from the
i committee. A little later he called up the bill
from the calendar and it was placed on passage
without debate. The vote on the measure was j
47 to 20. the Democrats, with the exception of |
j Senators Daniel and Owen, voting: against it. |
although Senators Money. Bacon and others
were careful to explain that they regarded the
bill as preferable to the Vreeland measure, but !
were opposed to any legislation at this time.
The only Republicans who voted against the j
bill were Messrs. ■ Borah, Bourne, Brown and i
Heyburn. The Vlce-President appointed as
conferrees Messrs. Aldrich, Allison and Hale,
Republicans, and Messrs. Daniel and Teller.
Democrats. • j ;; . . ,
In view of the fact that the Fowlerites have
been repudiated by the House and that the
Speaker, later in the day, appointed Representa
tives Vreeland, Burton and Weeks as the Re- !
publican eonferrees. it is expected that there will
be no hostility In the conferences which will '
probably begin to-morrow. The only question '
which remains to be determined is whether a i
majority of the House will accept the conference I
measure finally agreed upon. The leaders of
both houses are still confident that the Mouse
will accept the report of its conferrees, and, of
course, there is no question as to the course of
the Senate. ,
When the financial bill reached the House
late this afternoon that -body, after an acri
monious debate, disagreed with the Senate
amendment* by a party vote, and the measure
was sent to a conference. Representatives
•Vreeland. Burton. Weeks (Republicans).. Glass
and Pujo (Democrats), were appointed con
Mr. William? endeavored to justify his course
in refusing: to vote for his currency 1.111 yester
day. Amid the Jeers of the majority he ex
plained that a typographical error which rnada
the. measure ridiculous was responsible fo^ his
action. He did not take it kindly when Repre
sentative Burton pointed out that he had had
months to change the measure, had he ever seri
ously considered it, and that Tie would have been
at liberty to correct a merely mechanical error,
despite the rule under which the bill was being
debated. His colleagues vainly applauded his
attempts to excuse th*- minority, but many of
them confessed during the day that he had been
completely outwitted by the Republican leaders.
An unpleasant incident occurred a. moment
later, when Representative Fowler took serious
exception to a speech made by Mr. VreelanJ
yesterday The latter, advocating his measure,
made the assertion that no "round robin" had
been circulated In its support, as was the case
with the Fowler bill. He charged that Mr.
Fowler had Bent out a number of letters asking
that every effort be mad* to defeat the Viveland
bill, and he also Insinuated that such procedure
was unfair. Mr. Fowler to-day turned the tables
by reading a letter signed by Mr. Vreeland and
written to a prominent banker, in which he so
licited his support for the Vreeland bill and
urged thatJetters be written to members of Con
Th-; Democrats greeted this Information with
great glee, and as Mr. Vreeland was not pres
ent no answer was made, although Mr. Burton
attempted to pour oil on the troubled waters.
Mr Fowler later declared that Mr. Burton had
made a statement which was "false" when he
said yesterday that Mr. Fowler no longer «njp
ported hi? own currency measure. Mr. Burton
replied that he had witnesses to prove the truth
of his assertion, and Mr. We^ks. of Massachu
setts, immediately corroborated it.
Says Error Prevented Support of Currency
Bill Which He Advocated.
[From The Tribune Bureau.]
Washington. .Vay 15.-Like a spectre the Demo
cratic currency bill, which bears the name of the
minority leader. Representative Williams, and tiiß
enthusiastic indorsement of the "peerless leader."
Mr. Bryan, has begun to point a ridiculing finger
at the framers of the measure and the Democratic
party In the House.
Mr. Bryan was all smiles when he visited the
Capitol to-day and heard his devoted followers tell
ing of the victories to corn«. He smiled when
newspaper men gathered around him and asked
what he thought of the. Governors' conference. He
smiled modestly when he was asked about the
probable nominee of the. Democratic party, and
with amusement when a possible rival was sug
gested but when a reporter of The Tribune put a
question about the. Williams-Bryan currency bill ho
became serious. . •
"Why did not the Democrats support the cur
rency bill which you advocated In 'The Com
moner*?" was the question.
"Thero was a .-light typographical error in the
measure as it was printed." answered Mr. Bryan,
"which made the bill defective, and as the Repub
licans would give Mr. Williams no opportunity to
change Mi provisions th* Democrats could not con
scientiously support It."
"What was the error?" questioned the corre
spondent Mr. Bryan thought earnestly for a time.
t^H Mid "Get .Mr. Williams to tell you about it."
But* the correspondent, realizing that the typo
graphical error had not occurred to Mr. Williams
when lie voted "Present" en his bill, pressed his
inquiry no further. \?>-'j.- ■
Fall River. Mass.. May 15.-After being in -he
courts for 102 yestre. the estate of David Valentine,
who died in IS*6. was -finally settled to-day The
estate originally valued at 11.^2. left to two sons.
has increased to more than $13//«. It will be di
vided axr.ong 346 descendant*, who get from J4 S3
to (ISO each. :"--.V- ; 'iv
Goshen Man Starts Suit Against
State and County Authorities.
I By Telegraph to The Tribune.
Middletown, N. V.. May IT.. The West Point-
Cornwall state road case threatens to develop
into a scandal if the Investigation started to
day Is carried out. Because the Orange County
Board of Supervisors has refused the general
demand to convene in special session for the
purpose of placing the responsibility for sad
dling; Orange County with an expense of over
5300,000 for construction of 2.7S miles of high
w-ay, Charles E. Dunning, a prominent resident
of Goshon, has started suit against state and
county authorities, and i: Is said will apply tor
injunctions restraining State Engineer Skfiie
and the contractors from going on with the con
struction of the road and also restraining the
Board of Supervisors from appropriating or
paying any money for the work. It is stated that
the alleged changing of the original maps in
the State Engineer's office without authority
will be the first matter to be Investigated, and
that proceedings may result. The 'taxpayers of
Orange County are thoroughly aroused and want
the matter sifted to the bottom.
Pittsburg Cashier May Seel: Free
dom by This Defence.
[By T»lf(rra;h toTIM Tribune.]
Pittsburg, May 1."».— To save William Mont
gomery, the defaulting cashier of the Allegheny
National Bank, from the penitentiary, his friends
are arranging to have him plead Insanity when
the case against him is called for trial. They
will attempt to prove in court that Montgomery
Is in reality money mad; that by constantly
handling enormous sums nnjl seeing others bo
tome wealthy about him he lost hi* reason and
took from the bank $1,330,000 of the funds
which did not belong to him.
Directors Of tho institution held a meeting this
afternoon, at which a i-lan f^r complete reor
ganization was discussed. It is probable that
William Stewart "iii retire as president, and
other important changes will be made. Several
big Snanciai Institutions in Ptttsburg have gone
to th^ aid of ih" bank and have provided it
with funds which will place it .-n !t« fee! npnin
Prisoners Collecting to Build "Gym"
in His Office, Police Say.
Two men accused of collecting subscriptions
for a "gymnasium and clubhouse for the Sher
iffs offl< c" were arrested last night on charges
of petit larceny They saM they were < 'harl^s
Toting, 'f No. 280 Bowery, and Samuel Harris,
of So. 164 East Sth street. The detectives say
the prisoners are old offenders.
According to a subscription book found in
the possession of one of them, the two snen have
collected several hundred dollars. Among the
list of "officers" printed in one corner of the
cover "as the name "dscar Straus." Among
the contributors credited with giving funds
were- the Standard nil Company, p< r R. M. (1..
the National Express Company, n. <;. Dun &
Co., J'ark & Tilford, ih<- Prudential Life Insur
ance. Company, the Baldwin Steel company, the
Royal Baking Powder Company, the American
Tobaico Company and Jamfii Butler.
He ported Killed in $1 £50,000 Fire
at Omaha Packing Plant.
[By Telegraph to Th* Tribune. J
Omaha. May 15.— Fire to-night completely de
stroyed the immense plant of tlir. Omaha Packing
Company at South Omaha, causing a lops of more
than $1,250,006. The fine started in the smoke
house, and in less than two hours the entire plant,
including nine buildings, was in ruin?.
The Cudahy Packing Company had nearly $200.
000 worth of dressed beef stored in the Omaha re
friger.nors. This was destroyed. Tho entire loss
Is covered by insurant c.
At 10 o'clock to-night falling walls buried six
firemen in the ruins. All are supposed to have
been killed.
[ Ry Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Pittsburg:, May 15.— The Pennsylvania Railroad
evidently believes there will be a rush of business
beginning not later than June L Orders were Is
sued here yesterday to lift back to the rails nil
cars which some time ago were set off the tracks
because there was not enough switch room tor
idle cars. Almost one thousand cars on the lines
west were returned to the rails to-day.
Pittsburg. May 15— Thomas W. Harvey, former
teller of the Enterprise National Bank, which
failed several years ago for nearly $2.onn.o<V>, sur
rendered himself to the federal authorities to-day
and was sentenced to serve seven years In the
W^tern F«nit«Uiarjr.
(CopyriKht, 1008. by Underwood & Underwood. New York.)
Chandler Withington Begins In
—Creuzbaur Favors Test.
Controller Metz announced at yesterday's meet
ing of the Board of Estimate and Apportionment
that Chandler Withington, chief engineer of the
Finance Department, . had begun an Investigation
into the safety of the 'Blackwell's Island Bridge-
Borough President Coler, . who has already said
that the model test of the strength of the main
compression members demanded by Th* Tribune
should be made, bad just offered to the board a
resolution calling for an Investigation by an ex
pert bridge engineer, He was unable to get the
unanimous consent necessary to pass this resolu
tion at once. and it will come up next week. In
tlir mean tim.\ Mr. Withlngton. a representative of
the department which must pass on the bills for
work on the bridge, will >"• making a thorough
Inquiry Into the charges made by The Tribune
thai th« structure is likely to collapse before it
la finished.
.lust before the end of the meeting of th» board
Borough President Color asked unanimous consent
for the Immediate consideration of the following
resolution: • N
Resolved That the Beard of Estimate and Ap
portionment aD»olnl a committee, to be v composed
STtl£ PwJdtni of the' Borough of Manhattan, the
President of the Borough of Queens and the chief
engineer of this board, to recommend to this board
at the next meeting an expert bridge engineer com
petent to Investigate and report upon the Struct
ural conditions and strength of the Blaekwell s Isl
and Bridge.
As only matters on the printed calendar, which
Is made up the preceding Tuesday, are considered
by the board on Friday except by unanimous coin
sent and as President Coler considers the ques
tion cf determining the safety of Blackwell's
Inland Bridge too grave a matter to be delayed.
he had to auk unanimous consent to get It before
the board at once.
As soon as President Coler had read the reso
lution Controller Metz Interrupted to say thai he
had already ordered Mr. Withington, the chief
engineer of the Department of Finance, to "look
Int.." the subject.
"Have you consulted with Rrt.iste commissioner
Stevenson about this resolution?" asked Mayor
McClellan of President Color. When the latter
acknowledged thai he was acting solely on his
our; authority and Initiative the Major killed the
resolution by curtly saying, "I object." But the
resolution now goes or. the calendar and will be
called and considered in due form next week.
The statement that the chief engineer of th»
Finance Department Is making an Investigation la
interesting as showing thai Controller Metz takes
the position that there Is something to Investigate.
But the engineers who hold that the bridge Is now
being Improperly constructed, and the public, for
whose use the bridge is beir.g constructed, will not
Be satisfied with anything short of an Investigation
by a competent bridge engineer an expert -and
a practical test to show the truth or falsity of any
theoretical deductions which may have been or
may be made.
'Mr. Withington is a Rood engineer," said R. XV.
Creuabaur, Chief engineer. of the Borough of Brook
lyn yesterday, "but he is not a bridge engineer and
would not care to pass on the safety of the plan
under which the P.lackwe'll's Island Bridge Is being
constructed. Bridge building Is one of the great
specialties of the business, and the engineers who
are competent to pass finally on the strains and
stresses that may be nafely withstood In a large
cantilever bridge are not plentiful.
"I feel strongly that not the slightest chance of
mistake should be allowed. There is no question
in my mind that the only thing to do under th*
circumstances is to have a model test made of the
main compression memberi^of the Blackn ell's Isl
and Bridge under the auspices of some competent
outside authority." .
Mr. Creuzbaur is so much Interested in bridge
problems that he went to Quebec to study the
bridge that fell there. "It had never come home to
me strongly before." said Mr. Creuzbaur, "what
possibilities of danger there were In a big canti
lever bridge unless the strains and stresses were
calculated beyond the slightest shadow of a doubt.
Inasmuch as Mr. Undenthal, who designed the
bridge, has declared that the changes made in the
plans have added a weight that cannot be carried
by the main compression members, it is clear that
a most exhaustive investigation should be made.
For one thing. I think the increase in weight to
give more, tracks was a mistake." .7 •-...*'
' In view of the reiterated statement of Bridge
Commissioner Stevenson that his engineers are ab
solutely certain that the Blackwell's Island Bridge
Is perfectly safe the following carefully worded
comment on the collapse of the . Quebec, bridge,
which appeared in 'The Engineering Record" or»
September 7 of last year, just ten days after the
disaster, is interesting:
The collapse of the Quebe< bridge waa a wholly
unexpected occurrence, ha spite of the reports to
the newspapers to the contrary. The portion of
the bridge which fell had been standing over a
year* it had paused through the storms of the
winter and nobody had seen anything about it in
dicriti\e of any serious condition. It Is true that
Theodore Cooper telegraphed on the day of ths
accident to the builders not to place any more
load on the structure until it was looked over, but
lie authorized the statement that this telegram
tneant nothing more than a warning that it was
desirable to stop work until the superstructure
had been critically examined. Neither he nor hia
Inspector dreamed for a moment that there was
any danger of immediate collapse That the
Structure fell is. however, one of those gra\e
facts Which the engineer must fai-e in all it, stern
reality Kngineers themselves know full well that
probably no structure ever reteixed more careful
attention In design, manufacture and erection
than the Quebec bridge, and they will he unwill
ing to attribute its collapse to defective propor-
Coatlaued oa seeoad page.
Hitchcock's Estimate in Telegram to
( 'o m in ercial League.
A telegram from Frank H. Hitchcock? manager
of th,? Taft forces, .saying that delegates elected
yesterday gave the Secretary 5.1 vote* was
read at the meeting of the National Commercial
and Industrial League at the Hotel Imp, rial last
night. The telegram was received enthusias
tically and resolutions wen adopted supporting
the Secretary for the Presidency and Timothy
L. Woodruff for the second place on the ticket.
Dr. Landone Will Uu Children as
Subjects for First Year.
• r 7>:-em; -. r i The Tribune ]
Los Angeles. May IS. - Dr. Leon Landone, who
has established a. school of evolution at Eaj?t
Hollywood, declares th.it sex experiments will
not be seriously considered for several year=.
He does not believe in artificial marriages, and
declares that when young persons fall in love
the question will settle itself. For the first year
about twelve children will be s. lected from
various" centres throughout the I'nited States,
and these will be used as the subjects for evo
lutionary experiment.
Great Interest is manifested here in the un
dertaking of Dr. Landone. who is also well
known in New York, where he was interested
in settlement work.
Colombian President Makes Hasty
Return to Bogota.
Panama, May 15. A letter has been received
here from Cartagena saying that President
Reyes, instead of returning to Bogota by way
of the Atrato River and the Pacific Coast, is al
ready on the Magdalena River going back to Jh?
capital. His sudden departure for Bogota, when
he had planned to remain at least two months
In the const country, has not been satisfactorily
explained, bur probably is connected with the
political situation
Dispatches received here from Port Lin-.ort.
t'osta Rica, report the discovery of a plot again*:
the life of President Reyes. It seems that Co
lombian refugees living in San Jose hel<-; a meet
ing a few days :*«o, at which it was decided to
send a man to Baranquilta to assa.-sinate the
President A Colombian rebel in this city is
believe. l in have tried to get the services of two
Spanish desperadoes to help tbe appointed mur
derer to carry nut the crime.
The- Colombian authorities are said to be
•ware of every step taken by the refugees in
Costs Rica and Panama.
The Rev. George C. Cox Had Sympathized
With and Upheld Dr. Crapsey.
Boston, Mass., May 15.— The Rev. George lark"
Cox. of Cambridge, formerly rector of an Episcopal
Church in Cincinnati, • baa - been formally deposed
from the priesthood by Bishop Rojd Vincent of
Southern Ohio. At .the dm of the trial of the
Rev. Dr. Algernon S. Crapsey. of Rochester. X. V..
who was convicted of holding religious views not
countenanced by the Kpiscopal Church. Mr. Cox
expressed sympathy with the Rochester rector and
Indorsed some of hi* statements. An attempt made
to present Mr. Cox for trial on charges of heresy
was not successful.
Last year Mr. Cox came to Cambridge, hut has
not been in charge of any parish there Recently
he decided that there was little prospect of a recon
ciliation of his views with all the doctrines of the
Creed, and he accordingly informed Bishop Vincent
that he could not conscientiously continue as a
clergyman of the Church.
Defeated in State Committee He Climbs Into
Judge Harmon Band Wagon.
[By nsmwl t" The THkaam.]
Columbus. Ohio. May I.V- After a right in the
Democratic State Committee, in which his forces
were defeated and the final clash over tha cam
paign chairmanship deferred for two week*. M i
Tom 1... Johnson of Cleveland was compelled to-day
to pledge his support to the state ticket headed by
Judson Harmon, of Cincinnati. Johnson, who ac
cused Harmcn of being the candidate of the
brewers anil conservatives, has been accvsai in
furn of urging Mayor Brand Whitlock of T. '•>•!>
to run for (Jnvcrnnr on a third ticket.
Johnson and Harmon met to-day mid the former
pledged ffarmon his support. The fight for the
state chairmanship between W. I* Finley »nd
James Ross, barked by Johnson, w^s defSMßd at
Harmon's raasjßSt.
Chicago. May 15.- The sub-committee on arrange
ments of the l'tenublican Nation Committee
passed a rule to-day which puts the Coliseum,
where the convention Is to be held, in the prohi
bition column. It declares that '-'No liquor shall
be sold, served or brought into the convention hall,
either at the committee meetings or during the
convention week The committee also placed a.
ban on portraits . as adornments for the walla of
<4te h»ll
Necessity of Co-operation in Preser
"cation of Natural Resources
Strongly Emphasized.
'■ '
IFrom The Tribune Bureau. }
Washington. May 15.— At the final session of
the natural resources conference at the White
Hous^ to-day the President made a forceful dec
laration of policy on state and federal rights.
If the governors and scientists in attendance
had any doubts as to where the Executive stood
on the question th»y were dispelled before he
had spoken two minute?, and at the close of his
remarks the vociferous and continued applause,
which set the glass chandeliers of the East
Room jingling, testified most eloquently that
his hearers indorsed every word he had uttered.
President Roosevelt, answering the criticism
of Governor Folk, aroused th*? conference to its
warmest demonstration of approval. He swept
aside the "academic" question of where the line
of authority should be drawn between th-» states
and the nation. He wanted action, and what he
said received indorsement at each period. -la
his first sentence he referred to the expression
"twilight zone." in Mr. Bryan's speech. He
Just a word of what has b- en called th'- "twi
light land" between the powers of the federal
and state governments. My primary aim in the
legislation that I have advocated roi the regula
tion of the great corporations has been ti> pro
vide some effective popular sovereign for each
corporation. I do not wish to keep this twi
light land one of large and vague boundaries, by
I judicial decision that in a given case the state
cannot act, and then a few years later by other
decisions that in practically similar cases the
nation cannot act either.
I am trying to find out where one or the other
can act, so tlv-re shall always be some sovereign
power that on behalf of the people can hold
every big corporation, every big individual, to
an accountability, so that its or his acts shall
be beneficial to the people as a whole. In mat
ters that relate only to the- people within the '
state, of course the state is to be the sovereign
and it should have the power to act. If the
matter Is such that the state itself cannot act.
th- n I wish on behalf of all the states that the
national government should act.
Take such a matter as charging a rent for
water power. My position is simply that where
a privilege, which may be of untold value in
the future to the Individual grantee, is asked
from the federal government then the federal
government should put into the grant a condi
tion that it shall not be a grajjt in perpetuity.
If there is necessity for the grant, then there
must be power to attach conditions to the grant.
Make it long enough so that the corporation
shall have an ample material reward. The cor
poration deserves it. Give an ample reward Is
the captain of industry, but not an indetermin
ate and indefinite reward. Pur in a provision
that will enable the next generation, that will
enable our children at the end of a # certain speci
fied period, to say what, in their judgment,
should then be done with that great natural
power which is of use to the grantee only be
cause the people a.« a whole allow him to use i*
It is eminently right that he should be allowea
to make ample profit from his development of
it: but make him pay something for the pri«—_
liege, and make the grant for a fixed period.
that when the conditions change, as in all prob
ability they will change, our children, the nation ;
of the future, shall have the right to determine
the condition upon which that privilege shall
be enjoyed .
In these cases the star* has not acted or
cannot act: therefore. I hold the nation should
act Where the» policy I advocate can be car
ried nut best by the state, let it be carried out
by the state: where- it can be carried out best
by the nation. let it be> carried out by the nation,
?>ty concern is not with the academic side of
the question: I deal with the matter practically
j from the " standpoint dt trw popular Interest:
and. therefore, my desire i* to enmity mdiffer- .
ently either the principle of states' rights, or
th*> principle of national sovereismty. which
ever in a given case will best conserve the need 3
of th** people.
The prepared address of Mr. Bryan gained!
considerable applause, but iras- somewhat dis-
I appointing, as. the author read from the manu
i script instead of speaking to hi« audience direct.
j That ho felt at a disadvantage he frankly ad
j mitted at the outset of his remarks, and th-»
| modest, low spoken preface in which he condoled
with his hearers for being obliged to listen to
his reading was the most appealing feature of
his contribution.
Before to-day's session convened It wad ra
mored that a saws was being prepared by a num
ber of th Governors which would develop lntr»
a revolt against and might overthrow the work
of the resolutions committee. These- Governors,
■ it was said, objected to placing; in the hands of
i the President the power to call them together
again, as the resolutions prepared by the com
mittee provided. Instead, they wished to place
the initiative in the hands of the Governors
themselves, and Govemcrs Folk of Missouri and
Glenn of North Carolina, who spoke in favor of
the latter scheme, marie earnest appeals for sup
port. The Missouri Executive even went so far
as to declare dramatically that he would register
his vote against the committee's plan. thou*-.
not another voice supported him. When tli»
President called for a vote on the question, how
f ver. not a dissenting voice was heard, not even
that of the Governor from Missouri. The con
ference, at the President's suggestion, paid ex-
President Cleveland the compliment of passings
resolutions of regret for his absence and ex
pressing the hope that he would soon be restored
to health.
The last function of the conference was th©
most delightful. It was a reception given in lis
afternoon by Mrs. Roosevelt, to which were in
vited all the delegates and the ,women accom
panying them.
Like many other important events, time Is
needed to reveal the epoch which the President
and the Governors believe has been made. Th»
accomplishments of. the conference, which has
been In progress at the White House for three,
days, cannot be set forth with mathematical pre
cision. That its Immediate results are znora
than ample is the expression of President Roose
velt, who brought It about, and of the Governors;
who took part.
The printed record of the conference, which
will later be available, will be a compilation of
facts, startling in their meaning, convincing in
their universal conclusion that the states must
act, and that the states and the nation must
co-operate to the end that to the whole people
of the nation may accrue the lasting bejeflt of
its natural resources.
Besides the compilation of facts by the ex
perts and the freely expressed, opinion of the
Governors, the conference leave 3as its perma
nent record a thousand words of "declaration."
Perhaps greater in importance than all e!s«
was th» determination of the Governors to per
• -.• a permanent organization, whereby a here
tofore unknown intimacy may be developed
among the executives of the forty-six sovereign
states x
Of. the list day the story is one of many feat
ures.. The set programme \ras swept asida
The. President, presided throughout. He inter*
Jected remarks and speeches. He . brought H -

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