OCR Interpretation

New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 17, 1908, Image 20

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030214/1908-05-17/ed-1/seq-20/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 4

„ ♦ . in
Wealthy Men to Lend Estates for
Training Students.
An aristocracy of the soil— never hesitating to
put hand to the plough or garner the harvest
whn. need arises, but. In the main, riding about
the fields giving orders and swelling the na
tion's wealth through the sheer force of man
agerial ability— sucl: an aristocracy if- to be cre
ated by tl:. University of Chicago under a new
programme adopted in pursuance of a sugges
tion from John D. Rockefeller, Its founder and
ehii'l benefactor.
Thi:; i s to be achieved through the establish
ment by the University of Chicago of an agri
cultural guih! Tins is not a mere agricultural
eolleg< . attached to or affiliated with the univer
sity. The guild Is unique. The course it pro
vides is a^ different from that in the ordinary
agricultural adjunct to other universities as the
nairn "guild" is different from "college."
"This guild," says Professor William Hill, its
direct) r. ■'aims to supplement, without dupli
cating, Hi- work of the agricultural colleges by
giving the practical training which their limited
equipnieni and different purpose prevent them
from providing. a offers graduate of agri
cultural colleges and others desiring some knowl
edge of scientific agriculture an opp< rtunity to
perform on real farms all of th. oj>erations in
volved in modern farming. Th< watchword is
•work/ No pretences will go. Tb« men will
havt to deliver the goods."
A^ training grounds for Professor Hill's young
men. ten wealthy Chicagoans hay« plac >: at his
disposal ten "spe ialized farms," varying in
acreage from 200 to 1,500, the total embracing
5,000 acres. Other large farms are waiting to be
added to the list as the needs of the guild grow.
Axthui Meeker, general manager for Armour
A Co.; J. K. Deering, president, and R. H. iiam
monii. member of the Deering Coal Company;
Samuel Insull, preside nt of the Commonwealth-
BSdison Electric Company; H. I. Miller, president
of the Chicago .^ Eastern Ullinois Railroad Com
pany: 11. S. Keeley, traffic manager of the <"hi
cajrr.. Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad; H. S.
Hart, president, and Spencer Otis, vice-presi
dent, of the National Dump Car Company; F
L L.il!i> , professor in the university, and Benja
min Johnson, breeder of thoroughbred horses and
Distinguished by its English sunken garden.
Extending north from Midway Pluisance.
cattle, are the men who have ottered their farms
to the gniild. They will retain full control of
the lands, but Professor Hill's men will do the
work on them under the guidance of agricultural
Candidates for the agricultural peerage matric
ulate in the {,-uild not as students but as farm
"apprentices.'' The university Is- a great stickler
for names. It doesn't like the word "term," pre
ferring "quarter"; Us departments where grad
uate work Is done are not "colleges." but
"schools" of arts, literature, law, medicine and
divinity. When it came time to name the new
department the term "agricultural school" was
suggested, but it grated on the aesthetic sense;
so they called it "guild.**
Requirements for matriculation are rigid, but
the trustees announce' that any eoDegC grad
uate ought to pass them if he exhibits the
proper spirit witn regard to work. Once en
rolled, a three year course awaits him. Part of
the tim< ho will be engaged In "field laboratory
work ami practical farming" on "specialized"
farms. As soon as he learns how to milk one of
Mr. Meeker's two hundred cows which supply
ri h Chicagoans with "certified" milk he may
be transferred to the farm where Mr. Otis ex
periments with ail the latest machinery, and
th. re the "apprentice" may learn how to run a
lawn mower. From th'-re he may go to Mr.
[nsull's "forestry" farm and study the most
scientific method of cutting down a tree.
( >n Mr. Keeley*s farm, which, like all the rest,
i-; devoted to intensive agriculture, Mr. Hill's ap
prentices will be taug-ht how to feed a thor
oughbred Poland China pig or stuff a Toulouse
goose, thai it may contribute a dainty morsel
for a pate de fois gras. On Professor Llllle's
fa:m, Professor Hill announces, the "biological
aspect of agriculture will be emphasized." The
apprentice will learn there whether to plant po
tatoes in the "dark" of the moon or to do the
"butchering" for the home table in the "light"
of Lena's rays. There, too, will be the social
centre of the guild. As an expert after gradua
tion from the guild and entrance into the peer
age, the university guild man must, of course,
know better than to eat with his knife or pin
his napkin up under his chin; he will learn all
the proprieties at "the social centre."
The apprentice's course on the farms, being
transferred from one to another as fast as he
becomes proficient in one or another branch. Is
outlined by Professor Hill as follows: "In all
the various fields of specialized agriculture, as
well as of general farming. in agronomy, horti
culture, vegetable and seed growing, in dairy
farming, stock and poultry raising of all kinds,
in the selection and use of farm machinery, in
keeping farm accounts. In managing farm labor.
In studying the markets, the most practical
training Is to bo given under expert direction,
so that both practical farm- and expert man
agers may be developed."
During all this time the apprentice is to draw
$15 a month the first year. $20 a month the sec
ond and $23 a month the third year. From his
wages, If such they may be called, $5 a month
will be deducted to pay his tuition and $5 a
month to be set aside as a fund, to be paid back
to him when he gets his diploma or title In the
peerage of farmers. At graduation every ap
prentice win receive a lump gum of $200, and
this, with wages that he has saved. Is expected
to enable him to buy a farm if he wants to and
> Y*^~ n^*'
fi n\ &/7\\- ' :o'^^^MMik^ '■' 1 y p". t^j
become a landlord at once. That is irl
able to save, his board, room, washings! rs
Ing are to be provided free. MX
"On some farms." says Director E2L is
tories with modern cony. r.ipnces ■■ ml
nlshed. Or others the apprentices «£ jfcr
the manager in a family group. ~" > '' : '* •*■
abundance of good reading', in adJitic: ■&:
rifs on agricultural topics An agre*at.^to
lifting social tif-s is a requisite I -"- '•■ a
the plan." ft
Besides the farm training the appre-Sid
take regular courts in the uniwr* in
mainly in the winter months. \\'\>" r
graduated, theref.. r « . th--y will not o:ji a
! almost everything there is t< be too* jei
i agriculture but Latin. Gr-.K. Hebrew tt ;
Sanskrit. highi r n-.atn*ma:Us». the **jjcr
ences— this will make t!> ■:•; p'Oti vc: jofe
taxpayers— history, geography, an-J. ai*t I
English. v. '■.•■■ cne »f -•■■ fei
farm wishes to send S!>p •'' ~ 9
he will r: t say **iTo git 'em.", but w:!'^- ►*
"Shepherd, summon th« fcuttermalK»* *
dover field"; and when be deslr».» f
hired hand to the heavy meal of thedi r ft'
not shout "Jawn, come to d : .:.n> r." but-g'r
tones will say. "Jonathan, dinner is 0
ua satiate the inner craving. fy-
Director Hill reports that this ■'■'' 'W '
the University of Chicag-o i.- due t: a
that "the owners c; speciu-'i-eil farms >^ c

xml | txt