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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 30, 1908, Image 5

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Literary JVebv* and Criticism.
Contrasts Between Truth and Fiction
r? Stories of Crime.
•True p<orie« of Crime. From the District Altor
1 j,py> office By Arthur Train. Illustrated
:;m<>. pp. *°* Charles Scrlbner's Sons.
in the Dead of Night By John Mclntyre. III—
tr«to<l by Frances nosers, i:mo. pp. 2M.
rbila<3elphla: - 1 B. Ltpplncott Company.
Vf-n dM Medium Hy Richard Harding I>avls.
' Illustrated by Frederic I>orr Kteele. J2mo,
pp. 216. Charles Kcribner's Son*.
-■ r Silver Blade. The True Chronicle of n
** Double Mystery. By Charle«s I-Mmonds Walk
Illustrated by A B. Wrnzcll. 12mo. pp. 398.
nilcago: A. C. McClurg & Company.
•m c T"nd«*r Groove. By Arthur Stringer. 11111*
*** tra:ed. 12mo. pp. 335. Tw McClure Com
Tlie popularity of the story of crime is at its
rieiirTit. It is no longer necessary that the hero
c? such a story should l»e a Sherlock Holmes or
a Baffles. Those masters, it is true, would be
«crer than over of a warm welcome tsj-day, but
•he motives illustrated in the tales of their ad
ver.turos have achieved such a vogue that there
is now room for almost any book about crime
snd its detection, no matter how It may com
pare with the works of Sir Conan I>oyle and
y- E. W. Hornung. Everybody is writing
about burglarious and similarly sinister mys
teries. In every batch of new novels the clever
criminal or detective is duly represented. It Is
worth while, therefore, to consider some of the
br^ad aspects. of this part of current literature.
and the inquiry is made the more interesting
at this time through the publication of Mr. Ar
thur Train's "True Stories of Crime." The
aaceltt in this field might justly claim that he
look? for his standard to writers like Foe or
Gabcriau, but the truth goes to the testing of
•very work of the imagination, and a book like
Mr. Train's is not only an effective but a legiti
mate touchstone to use In examining the sort of
fiction wp have In mind.
It Is a pood book, as amusing as it is edify
ing. The author relates history, and he notes
that in the majority of the "cases" he cele
brates he conducted the prosecution himself. If
v, ha? "dressed up" Ma* narratives at all, to
pive them better literary form, he has done
r.o-.hinc to lessen the accuracy* of his records.
Alluding to this point he says. "The writer must
plead guilty to having fallen under the spell of
the romance of his subject." This is an easily
jiiFtifiable plea. Th«» romance is there; of that
ilwre can be no question. In some instances, no
tf^ufct. the theme is merely sordid, as in the
.<•--%■ called "The Woman in the Case." an ac
count of a swindling: enterprise in New York.
But there are genuinely romantic elements in a
E .-.her of the other tales. It seems incredible that
a man should be able to persuade a number of
Frenchmen that they are entitled to an estate of
five hundred million dollars In America, and bleed
them through a considerable period for funds
f-upposedly to be applied to the establishment of
their rights. Such a scheme is obviously fan
tastic to the point of absurdity, hut Mr. Train
shows us with what success It was once carried
Dot. His story of ■•Confidence Men Abroad," in
which one of the men recites his experience in
the hands of French law, reads like something
out of Stevenson— only th» whole thing actually
happened. 80, in his chapter on the struggles
if a detective to bring the man Dodge from
Texas to Xew York in the Morse case, sheer
fact if made as astonishing and exciting as
anything in fiction. As for Mr. Train's last
story, A Case of Circumstantial Evidence," it
it 6 composition of which any novelist treating
91 crime could afford to be proud. In its way
this tale of Italian intrigue and murder, with its
scenes at our -very doors, Is a little master
piece. Mr. Train tells it with really striking
ability. He hai=. in fact, a gift for writing of
this kind. He adapt? his method to his subject.
"Whether he is treating the five hundred million
dollar fraud, the story of the Botts Stradivarius,
the crimes of Miller and Ammon, those of Pat
rick and Hummel, or the extraordinary perform
ance of Antonio Strollo. he strikes fact the right
note, creates just the right atmosphere.
"SVhat light d'.*»s Mr. Train throw on the whole
Question of stories of me? In the first place
h« shows that the writer of such a story may go
to almost any lengths. Anything that you
choose may be assumed of wicked human nat
ure. There-is no ■.-,•• conceivable by the nov
elist that might not be committed. In the light
of Mr. Train's careful statements of fact It is
plain that the wiles of the criminal leave the
.... of • ... most Ingenious novelist far be
hind. But in giving the novelist carte blanche, as
it were. Mr. Train enforces the fact that a nar
rative of crime, to be convincing, must hang
together throughout: that the device of coinci
dence must 1*- sparingly -i. if used at all.
and that the question of motive must receive
the closest possible attention. It seems, per
haps, a little cruel to subject stories professedly
fictitious to comparison with Mr. Train's rec
ords, but. after all. this only rings into sharer
relief defects which would in any case be bo
Tike, for example. "In •: ■• Dead of Night -
This is a truly absorbing story. one of the clev
erest we have read- in a lone time. It starts
with episode* that immediately pique the read
er's curiosity. The h^ro. who has been taking
part to a South American revolution and has
M-orked his way to N. v, York in the stokehole
of a ship, stands at right in Broadway, tapping
his hand with a newspaper in which he has Just
r?a<3 ... colossal fortune of one Stephen
Austin is hanging in th<> balance. At this mo
ment a woman in a hansom invites him to seat
himself by her side, and though, to the best of
his knowledge, no one in Now York should
know anything of his affairs, she shows that
Ebe is acquainted with them and takes him to
the deathbed of Stephen Austin! There he is
committed to a mysterious enterprise, and forth
with ha? th* wild adventures which go to the
BOidsg of fiction lik<- this. Dreadful things oc
cur. lisey hold the reader. Bat remembering
Mr. Train's book he asks Mr. Mclntyre to jus
tify bisnelf. On two counts Mr. Mclntyre fails.
Th«=- coincidence which brings Kenyon to New
York at th** psychological moment, where he
Pivej, unconsciously, a f!gna! for which the
«"OJBan in the cab is on the lookout, is flatly
preposterous Furthermore, we are asked to be-
B*ye that a muHi-millionair«* in New York could
£.*■ amongst his enemies in circumstances of the
most melodramatic character without the sus
picions of the police and the public being
around Finally, when we look for the motive
actuating the evil men that surround him and
contrast it with their deeds. It is so out of pro-
Portion that It ...... positively farcical. •*•
put the book down with a wnile.
In his novelette called "Vera the Medium" Mr.
l»avis efco s in matters of construction a dis
cretion which is by itself persuasive The.
thread of romance in the story may strain cre
dulity a little, but this la only because the au
thors touch in the handling of his heroines re
lation to a susceptible district attorney Is not
altogether conclusive; there is nothing inher
ently improbable about the affair In the manip
ulation of all his other details the author is
M his •-• Vera and the charlatan who con
trols her fortune, the millionaire surrounded by
i-irpiee who f-eek by playing ana* his spi:.-
i^istic leanings to make him sign a will by
*'him they will profit, the young newspaper re
porter who helps toward the exposure of the
!raud-all th*t* types are crisply and vividly
drawn. ar,d everything that they do is made to
*<*:*> natural. This book is well held together,
is all of a piece. It presents a curious and in
u-rming situation embracing * number of
■tody persons, but the truth is not for a mo-
Mnt sacrificed M sensational effect. ' \er» th
Medium" is a readable piece of summer fiction
and it is an example of sound craftsmanship.
The author of "The Silver Blade," a story in
which two mysterious murders occur, gains his
undeniably interesting effect by the familiar
process of placing befoiy thy reader a problem
Insoluble without knowledj?e of antecedent facts.
**itil these facts are run down, the reader, llko
the "star" detective in the book, may amu.«e
himself grii.*i jn at the i significance of this or
that clew. It is a game of hide and seek to
which the autrior Invites us. keeping his secret
well hid until the due number of pages have
been written. Mr. Walk makes the game divert
ing enough, and when he turns up at the end
with the explanation in his hands it Is accepted
as adequate. One can then readily see why the
two murders were contemplated, how they were
executed and how they were enveloped in mys
tery. Mr. Walk, In other words, Is respectful
toward the truth. His error consists In pealing
the lips of this or that personage when, by all th-?
laws of ordinary existence, those personages
would he persuaded or compelled to speak. In
short, he Ik skilful in the fabrication of a puz
zle, considered as a puzzle, but he does not
know how to give his puzzle quite the air of a
thing of actual life. Incidentally it may be
noted that he permits his characters to talk too
much thereby obstructing the movement of the
story. We enjoy reading his book, but are con
strained to admit that It falls below the require
ments of the perfect story of crime.
"The Under Groove" consists of eight chap
ters devoted to the adventures of a man who Is
pursuing In all honesty the duties of a train dis
patcher, when he is struck on the head with a
coupling pin. The blow turns him into a crim
inal. As the result of it he is dowered with a
new personality, and Is not rescued from the
life of dishonesty Into which he sinks until an
other physical disturbance, seven years later.
gives him back his original nature. In the
mean time he engages In the transactions which
Mr. Stringer describes In his eight chapters.
Some of these are fairly entertaining. "The
Adventure of the Unknown Door" is a creditable
performance, am" so is "The Adventure of the
Emerald Pendant." In general, however, Mr.
Stringer leaves an impression of artificiality.
His motives are not In themselves very promis
ing, and in the management of them he not only
overworks the expedients of coincidence, but
bores the reader with a pedantic display of
thieves' patter and the terminology of medical
science and electrical mechanics. There is noth
ing here to suggest the living world, the truth
that Is essential to good fiction.
The Late James C. Carter on Its
; Source in Custom.
By the late James Coolidge Carter, I>l>. D. Bvo,
pp. vii, 345. G. P. Putnam's Sons.
In the latter part of the nineteenth century
two great New York lawyers stood for years
opposed to each other, David Dudley Field, as
the chief and ablest advocate of the codification
of the common law, and James C. Carter, as its
leading and most Influential opponent. Both
were men ot uncommon force of character and
pre-eminent intellectual qualities. \ Both had dis
tinguished themselves before the courts as pow
erful advocates and before the public at large as
persuasive moulders of opinion on great public
questions. In many controversies they were to
be found together, fighting on the same side;
but nothing could be more irreconcilable than
their views and arguments on the subject of
the codification of the common law.
Mr. Field not only firmly believed that the
whole of the common law could be so briefly and
definitely stated as to be embodied within the
limits of a single volume of moderate size and
enunciated in terms so clear and untechnical
that all could understand, but he did himself,
as the head of a commission appointed by the
New York Legislature, produce a work which
he ln-i-ned had accomplished that purpose. The
bill to enact this work into a Civil Code was
pieaaed upon several legislatures. It passed one
house or the other at several sessions, and once
it owned both the Assembly and the Senate, and
only the veto of the Governor prevented it from
becoming the law of the State of New York by
statutory mandate.
' The majority of the members of the Bar Asso
ciation of this city, particularly of its older and
more Influential members, were opposed to the
enactment of the Field code. as It was com
monly called, and a committee was appointed,
with "lames C. Carter as its chairman, to oppose
the bill as it was Introduced In successive
,egislature.. A short time before hi, dean, , Mr
carter wrote the following concerning David
Dudley Field and the problem that confronted
the Bar Association committee:
Thl- eminent lawyer^ a man f reat ( intellect
ual audacity, the r^" l^,; 1 would not tolerate the
,ar Of Jeremy "'"' f wa , h»v ,«...irn,oui.taWe dif-
MiKKestlon that .t,. t ,' er f .* statutory form the entire
flrulty in l** ucl h govern^ the private transac
body of the **?£&.*££% the whole of it could
tlons of m«n. , He J n^Xme of very moderate sir*.
IK . embraced In a »J« ft XU ,/stantially BUper
and that its Kd 1 '" 0 ", con"ultinK that prodigious
sede the *****£? precedent which nils so many
record of Judicial prec c o i » hitherto deemed
thousand volumes 11 ; 1 '' a V n ,tl]r)., tl]r) . of every corn-
In essential part of the fur nit h incitements
p,ete law librar > nTI M oci etv °> benefit «o prodigious.
If conferring upon^tf ' achieving for his own
and. as we mai .{""P l^' st<w e d upon lie great
name h r-nown like tnai * himself Into the
lawgivers of n" 1 "^' 1 ;"' «j,e enactment of his pro
inteVprlM °' p h r X r greatest energy and pro«ec«ted
posed code with tnegr lltTnos t persistency. This
it for years w»a w o ,t,, t , extremely laborious.
1 " iVVbur^n^app'nod to fall upon my-lf
and th, chief d opp<)B ition eventu-
Th labors incident totW the present work.
-» led to !heT; . -t was 8O great that
Hia interest in «>« "the enactment of the Civil
after the question d of Mr. Carter
COd f HerS or pamphlet, and delivered sev
wrote a series Of P sub lect. His former part
ial Bddres.es on th e^u Lewi, C. I-dyard. in a
"- and close friend.
" "carter after hla retirement from ac
*V Ml : tteei cc ••determined to devote a portion of
tive practice • a * a «,mewhat more im
hls leisure to jf;™ J xpr(!JMlton of his views on
port.nl and compile «P ,
*&* topic, than h but at the BUgr .
me r I-^J^J^J K Uot of Harvard University
of Pl *"£' n , prO po,ed work a series of
the uw - chwi of
th "carer 1 died in February. IMS. He had
Mr ', ? a the first draft of these lectures only a
completed the flr. the beginning of his .ast III
: few days before t „„ nad not made a final re
"'"• and fhen his executor, have carried out
vision of them express before he died, that
th e wish t^t he «pr«^ as he had pr pared
the IrC U , one -ho frequents heard Mr. Carter
them. N Pn extemporaneously, need be told that
.peak, -en •**"££ , ar jn thifi published
th \^ear no -dence of Ute «nd reveal no
book bear n - t| . rarv form . Mr . Carter for years
rrUd< * nn MM 8 s death not only ranked easHy as the
,Wore his deat * har hut waß rtlMln .
leader /for W- martery of the. art of forceful
guished iSa expression. The beauty and power
Tt^'t "a- manifested In every one of the
of his ct lecture published in this volume, and
1 tnlr ,een lecture, the mind of the reader of them
| there remain In » N wouid indeed be .
! Scirntho^.d be able to refute his ar*u
55 ' author goes much further than a mere
Th tlon of the proposition that the com
' amplification f«u« «"* " n -cuMom" He begins
Th . "picture of early society, even in bar
;";,; when tha unit of the tribe I. the
Sy. bXe ?here £ a permanent poMtlcal
organization for any public purpose. Even there
he finds that the institutions of property, or
marriage, of slavery, etc., rest upon custom
alone; that there is no ethical conception of a
"right" except some vague belief that some
unseen power will punish one who violates cus
tom. When In place of the tribal organization
a territorial one was established, as in England,
embracing a kingdom, the power of the King
did not extend to the making of laws. The re
sponsibiliti«s of society devolved upon the
land owning class; and to them was due the
creation of courts. What, Mr. Carter asks,
was the law administered in these early tribu
nals and where was it to br found? The an
swer, he says, in very plain. It was custom.
He continues:
All complaints by one man against another,
whether of a civil or criminal nature, arose from
the fact that something had been done contrary to
the complainant's expectation of what should hai .e
been lone; and as every man expects that others
will act according to custom, the complaint mould
be. in fact, if not In form, that an act contrary to
custom had been committed to the injury of the
compliilnant. If the party against whom the com
plaint was made denied the accusation, he neces
sarily asserted that what he did was in compliancy
with" custom. The dispute therefore necessarily
turned, if the act was admitted or established, upon
the question what the custom was. and these rurte
tribunals held by the principal and most intelli
gent men were well adapted to determine that
question. The Judges in these acted in .^ordance
simply with their sense of what was 1 - **£".
was necessarily determined by what they thought
to be customary.
The advance of society constantly developed
new forms of conduct founded upon new convic
tions of right, and this created a demand for
new action by the courts in the way of relief.
In this manner the rude tribunals of early times
and the system of procedure in them were im
proved until they reached the condition in which
they were to be found In England and America
three centuries ago. And through all the time
of that development, the law that these tribunals
recognized and enforced was custom, and cus
tom alone. A "precedent" was but authenticated
custom. And even in the subsequent period,
during which higher judicial tribunals and leg
islatures have been established and perfected,
custom has continued to furnish the rules that
goveTO^human conduct. To the absolute gen
erality of this conclusion Mr. Carter allows only
an exception to be made for the influence of leg
islation; but he insists that the extent of this
exception diminishes to a point where it may,
for all large and general purposes, be dismissed
from attention when it is considered that its
principal function Is to supplement and aid the
operation of custom, that it never can supplant
it, and that its own efficiency is dependent upon
Its conformity to habit and custom.
To summarize, the author finds that "Law,
Custom. Conduct, Life — different names for al
most the same thing— true names for different
aspects of the same thing— so inseparably
blended together that on» cannot even be
thought of without the other."
"Ethicai writers," wrote Mr. Carter in his last
lecture, "conceive the main question in morals
to be, What is right, or What is right conduct?
I do not mean to disparage the importance of
this inquiry, but ] would suggest that the prog
ress I have indicated has begun and been car
ried forward to a high point without an answer
to this question— indeed, without asking It. The
simple process has been to observe the conse
quences of conduct and to adopt such action as
has seemed to be productive of happiness; and
we may rest in confidence that those lines of
conduct which conduce to what men in general
feel to be happiness cannot be otherwise than in
accordance with the profoundest conclusion con
cerning the ultimate highest good. The light
that has steadily guided us over the long path
way from primeval savagery into civilized so
ciety may be safely trusted during the continu
ance of our Journey."
Why She leaves the Man and Fol
lows the Woman.
Translated from Swahili by Captain C. H. Stl
gand fur The London Nation.
This is the story of Faka the cat.
If there are three or four men walking along
and only one woman, the cat will turn aside
from the men and follow the one woman.
Now, the reason for this is the ntwry I am
telling you.
In tlie beginning- Paka sat in the bush, till
one day she felt the pain of hunger.
So ai'je came down to the Shore, and there she
met a serval who was hunting: the crabs of the
shore. So Paka went up to the serval and said,
"Good morning"; and the serval said, "Who
are you."
It is I— Paka."
■ What do you want?"
"I want to follow you about and so get food. '
So the .serval said, "Very good, then. Here,
eat these crabs."
So Paka ate of the crabs, and she followed
the serval many days.
Till one day there came a leopard, and fought
with the serval and killed him.
So Haka thought in her heart: 'Now. this one
was not a manly one: he who is the man la the
leopard." So Paka went up to the leopard and
saluted him. "Good morning."
So the leopard said, "And who are you?"
"It is I— Paka."
"What do you want?"
"I want to follow you about and get food.'
So the leopard said, "Very good. Here, eat
Of tins serval."
So Paka followed the leopard many days and
many weeks.
Till one day rame a lion, and he fell on the
leopard and killed him.
So Paka thought In her heart: "Now. this one
also was not a manly one: he who is the man
is the Hon."
So she went to the lion and irald. Good morn
And the lion said, "Who are you?
"It is I — Paka,"
"What do you want?"
So Paka said. "I want to follow you about
that you may give me food."
So the lion said, "Then eat of this leopard.
So Paka ate of the leopard, and she followed
the lion for many weeks and many months, till
one day there came an elephant.
And "the elephant came and struck the lion
with his trunk and the .lion died.
So Paka said in her heart: "Now. this one,
too. was not a manly one; he who Is the man
Is the elephant." .«.»««
So Paka went and greeted the elephant. Good
morning." _„
The elephant said, "And who are you?
"It is 1 — Paka,"
"What do you want?"
"I want to follow you about that you may
give me food."
So the elephant said. "Then eat of this lion."
So Paka ate of the lion, and she followed
the elephant for many months and many days.
Till one day came a man: and that son of
Adam came and took his matchlock and fired.
And he hit the elephant and the elephant ran
After running a long way he fell down, and
that son of Adam came and he fired again and
again until the elephant was finished and he
Now Paka said: "Behold, he also was not a
manly one; he who Is the man Is the son of
So Paka went up and saluted him, saying,
"Good morning."
And the man said. "Who are you?
"It is I— Paka."
"What do you want?"
"I want to follow you about that you may
rive me food."
So the man sold, "Then eat of the elephant.
So Paka stayed with the man and ate of the
elephant while" he was cutting out the tusks.
When the man had finished cutting out the
tusks he wended his way home and came to his
Now, that man had two wives, and the one
he loved and the other he loved not.
So he came first to the house, of her whom
he loved not. that he might stay a short time
and go to the house of her whom he loved.
So he came there and greeted th« wife whom
he loved not, and straightway went on to the
house of her whom he loved
When he had come there he said, to her: Oh,
my wife whom I love. I have done this on pur-
P °"f came first to the house of th* other one
that I might come straightway to you whom I
love, and remain with you a long time."
Now the woman was angry in that he had
rone first to the house, of the other, and «he
paid to him: "What you ny Is fa's*:"
S.i she came up to him and struck him— pah!
That man did not do anything: he turned
around and! Jeff, the hut
Then thought Paka: "Now. even this eaa I*
not the manly one. Why does he go away? He
who Is the man Is the woman."
So nh* went up to the woman and said to her.
"flood morning 1 ."
The woman said, "And who are you""
"It Is I— Paka."
"What do you want?"
"I want to follow you about that you may
give me food."
So the woman said to her. "Very good. Sit
here in my house."
Now, this Is the story of Paka the cat, which
comes from long ago, and this is the reason why
a cat will leave a man and follow a woman.
Current Talk of Things Present and
to Come.
. Crawford has made quick work of his trio
of novels about "Margaret Donne." The first in
the series, "Fair Margaret." was soon followed
by "Primadonna." which we reviewed not long
ago. »nd the last book. "The Diva's Ruby," is
now running through the Sunday Magazine of
The Tribune. The. Macmillans will afterward
publish this novel In book form.
An edition of "The New Encyclopedia o f So
cial Reform" has just been brought out by the
Funk A Wagnalls Company, with a prefatory
announcement that it is not a revision of the old
edition, but a completely new book, save for a
few purely historical or economic arttcles, the
subjects of which need no new treatment—a!
tnough many even of these are either revised or
completely rewritten. The work Is of high
value to the publicist and sociological writer,
and it is good to have it in the definitive form
gU-en to it by Mr. William D. P. Bliss, his as
sistant. Dr. Rudolph M. Binder, and the spe
cialists who have co-operated with them.
For some time "The International Studio" has
been paying more and more attention to Ameri
can art. In the June number the section de
voted to affairs in this country is well filled and
illustrated, and the leading article in the body
of the magazine is devoted to the work of Mr.
Winslow Homer. That work is sympathetically
described by Miss Leila Mechlin, and her re
marks are accompanied by some admirable re
The recent death of M. Ludovic Ha!*vy leaves
a second vacancy In the French Academy The
two seats, it is understood, will not be filled
until the spring of next year.
Among tn<* forthcoming books of biographical
and historical interest is "The Trials of Five
Queens," a description by Mr. R. S. Deans of
the court proceedings In the pitiful cases of
Mary Queen of Scots, Katherine of Aragon,
Anne Boleyn. Marie Antoinette and Queen'caro
line. The author treats the trials from the legal
point of view.
Miss Marie Corelli has finished her new novel
and it is to be published In the late summer or
early autumn. The world, it appears, is ex
pected to hang breathless on the information
that "the subject of the story is an enthralling
Precisely what service Mr. Harlan Hoge Bal
lard has rendered to literature in translating
Books VII-XII ot Virgil's It is not easy
to say. However valuable this section of the
epic may be to students of Latin folk lore and
literature, a new translation does not seem
necessary just now. Only a remarkably charm
ing, poetical version could justify the task. But
Mr. Ballard's "^Eneid of Virgil" (Houghton, Mif
fiin A Co.) does not display any unusual literary
gift. It Is faithful without being painfully lit
eral; there are admirable passages here and
there, and no sign of straining after effect can
be noted. More than this, however, cannot fairly
be said of the work.
An elaborate publication dealing with "The
Domestic Architecture of England during the
Tudor Period" if in preparation. It is coming
out in parts, the first of which is in the press.
Lovers of the horse, noblest and most abused
of the slaves of man, will no doubt be glad to
hear of the publication in two volumes of "The
Romance of the Derby." The work, which is
copiously illustrated and which contains the
history of 12S IH-rbies. is by Mr K. lloorhottse.
An appendix, by the way, gives records of each
Mrs. Alfred Sidgwick's boob on "Home Life
In Germany" (The lfacmlllan Company) — a
book which this English born daughter of Ger
man parents Is peculiarly qualified to write — Is.
es it was expected to be, clever and amusing-. A
large part of it is devoted t:> German women —
the woman of the advanced sort and the staid,
home keeping woman of the old-fashioned type.
There are still masses of these old-fashioned
dame* to be observed. "German women." says
Mrs. Sidgwick. "have always been devoted to
their homes and their families, and they are as
subservient to their men-folk as the Japanese"
She continues:
They do not actually fall on their knees before
their lords, but the tone of* voice in which a
woman of the old school speaks of die Ilerren Is
enough to make a French. American, or English
woman think there is some'hing to be said for
the modern revolt against men. For any woman
with a spice of feminine perversity in her nature
will be driven to the other camp when she meets
extremes; so that In Germany she feein ready to
rise against overbeuring males; while In America
she misses some of the regard for masculine judg
ment and authority that German women show In
excess. At least. "it seems an excess of duty to
us when we hear of a German bride who will not
go down to dinner with the man appointed by her
hostess till she has asked her husband's permis
sion: and when we hear of another writing from
Germany that, although in England she hud
ardently believed In total abstention, she had
now changed her opinion because her husband
drank beer and desired her to approve of it.
The author notes that the lord of the house
hold will, on occasion, assert his authority with
some violence and in a manner that would not
be tolerated elsewhere. She says:
For example, there was once a quarrel between*
lovers that all turned upon a second glae* of
champagne. The girl did not want it, and the
man insisted that she should drink it whether she
wanted it or not. What happened in the end is
forrotten and does not matter. It is the com
ment of the historian that remains In the memory.
"Her family had spoilt her." said he. "When
they are married and my friend gets her to him
self" she will not behave so." * , .
•'But why should she drink a second glass of
champagne if she did not want it? " I asked.
"Because he commanded her to." said this
Petruchio beginning to bristle at once, and he
straightaway told me another story about a man
who tnrew his lady love's dos Into a pond, not
because the dog needed a hath, but in assertion of
his authority. The lady had wished to keep her
dog out of th« water. _ t ,
"Did «he ever forgive the manr said I.
"Forgive! What was there to forgive? The
man wished to put the dor in the pond. A man
must know how to enforce his will ... or he
is no man."
Mr Lionel Cusrt, director of the National Por
trait Gallery in London, Is preparing a subscrip
tion volume on what are called "the Leaving
Portraits" In the Provost's Lodge at Eton The
London "Outlook" says in regard to it: "The
practice among distinguished Etonians of pre
senting the headmaster with their portraits was
commenced In the latter half of the eighteenth
century and was continued until a recent date.
The accumulative result is a unique collection,
both from a personal and an artistic point of
view. Among the portraits are examples of
Reynolds. Gainsborough, Romney. West, Hopp
ner, Beechey and Lawrence About a hundred
of these will he reproduced by photogravure, and
* catalogue of the whole series will be Included
in the work."
Ouida left in manuscript a novel which is to
appear In print before very long-. It would be
pleasant If a brief sketch of the author could b«
prefixed to the volume, the work of a writer
qualified to summarize the facts of her career
and to portray her personality with Just the
right touch.
Sir The»d"re the biojraph-r of the
Prince Consort, . wrote arso a brief book called
"Queen Victoria as I Knew Her." which ha*
hitherto been printed only for private circula
tion. With the sanction of the King It 1* now
being published for a larger audience.
Mr I>» Roy Phillips, whose bibliography of
the writings of Henry James, Is favorably
■known, has made a book out of various par*»r«
contributed by Mr. James. In the GO'S and •</».
to various American periodicals. This collec
tion of sixteen essays is issued by the Ball Pub
lishing Company, of Boston, under the title of
"Views and Reviews by Henry James Now
First Collected." Among; the subjects treated
are writing;, by Matthew Arnold. "Walt Whit
man, George Eliot. Swinburne and Tennyson.
The book also Includes some contemporary notes
on the famous controversy between Whistler
and Ruskin.
Pome time ago we recorded tlie publication of
the first considerable batch of volumes in
"Kv^ryman* Library." series of cheap re
prints laanai by Dent in London and by K. P
Dutton * Co.. In New York. Further volumes
in the soi-le? hnve reached us from time to time.
nnd now we have IVMtvai a group of fifty
three more, completing the collection of 31*
volumes. This last instalment well illustrates
the high standard which was adopted at the
outset. There If not an '.11 chosen a—l in the
lot. The broad scheme or "Everyman's" i«
broken up into a number of divisions, the sim
ple cloth binding being of a different color in
each division. Space has been found for his
tory, biography, poetry and the drama, essays
and belles-lettres, philosophy and theology.
travel and topography, classical literature and
fiction. There is al«<o a division assigned t
romance, in which we find works like the
"Kalevala," Thill dArthur" and "The Fall
of the Nlbelungs." There Is even a group of
books especially selected for young readers,
books like "The Water Babies" or "Rollo at
Work" and "Rollo at Play"
The volumes now before us Include works
which one must rejoice to see put before the
public in such attractive, convenient and Inex
pensive form. In the historical section we have
two volumes given to Tacitus, one to Prescotts
"Conquest of Peru." two to Parkman's "Con
spiracy of Pontiac" and one to that classical
book of military history. Creasy's "Fifteen De
clslva Battles of th« World." In biography the
additions embrace Carlyles 'Cromwell.' Vol
taire's "Charles XII" and "Lewes's "Goethe."
Carlyl<\ BMNM, Thoreau and Ruskin are
drawn upon for volumes of essays, and In this
part of the series there is also a translation of
Macchiavelll's "Prince." Pante. Chaucer. r r^rw
Herbert. Herrick and Wordsworth figure among
the poets. Hakluyt. in eight vn'umes. appears
in the travel section, and here *-c have further
the travel? of Marco Polo and Lanes "Modern
Egyptians." The new volumes of fiction em
brace famous books by De Foe. Goldsmith. Bal
zac. Thackeray. Dickens, Charles Reade and
Charlotte Bronte. All of the books In this
library are printed in good editions, and most
of them are provided with new Introductions
by competent hands. The price, when the.
series was started, was a low one. but It has
been still further reduced. From every potr'.
of view it is warmly to be commended, and we
congratulate the publishers on the successful
completion of their scheme.
There will soon issue from the press of Bren
tano's a translation of "Le Myst£re de la Cham
bre Jaune." This is the detective story which
has lately made a sensation in Paris.
The R. E. Lee Company, of Boston, an
nounces an edition of "The Debate of the Body
and the Soul," the early fourteenth century
poem which the late Professor Child had pri
vately printed In a modernized form for cir
culation among his friends. For the new edi
tion his colleague. Professor Kittredge. has
written an introductory essay.
Of contributions to the literature of Napoleon
there is no end. The latest for English readers
is Dr. G. K. Fortescue's translation of the me
moirs of Thibaudeau. This work, which th«
Macmlllans announce under the title of "Bona
parte and the Consulate." is rare in Fren« h and
has n*-ver before been put into English.
MY I IFE AND MY LECTURES. By Ijimar Fontaine.
<'. 8.. fti- V. Svo, j'p. a * i - (Neal« Publishing Com
pany >
Th* carter of an American soldier ami traveller.
" ' Airir.i W. Porter. B. at 12mo. pp. vttl. 422. »E. V.
iJiittui: * <'<> •
HANDICAPPED. By Emery Pottle. I2mo. pp. 2«7.
(John Lane Company.)
' The tragic story of a younrf horse trainer.
JUKE JEOPARDY". By ln»>» Havne* Glllmore. 12mo. pp.
342. (B. W. !£uet)*ch.> •
A summer lov« story.
A BOTTLE IN THE SMOKE. By Cooke Don-Carlo».
Illustrated. 12mo, pp. 841. iH F. Fenno & Co.)
A romance of m"«ll*val England.
THE GP.EAT AMULET. By Maud Diver. 12mo, pp.
4i»> (John Lane Company.)
A st->ry of life In India.
THE I.IRK OF THE MASK By Harol.T MacOrath. Il
lustrated by Harrison Fisher and Karl Anderson.
12mo. pp. 401. UnJlanapolls: Bobb»-Merrlll Com
A story of an opera singer.
I»rlmer. Illustrated by F. R. Grug^r. 12mo. pp. ml.
32«. il>ouble<ia\. Page & Co.)
The adventures of an excessively modern young
ABSOLUTION. By Clara Vieblg. Translated by H.
Knihange. 12m«i. pp. 31S. "John Lane Company.)
A story of Russian life.
THE PRINCESS DEHRA. By John Reed Fcott. Illus
trated by Clarence F. Underwood. 12mo. pp. 360.
(Philadelphia: J. B. Llppincott Company.)
A tale of love and adventure.
VERA THE MEDH'M. By Richard Harding Davla.
Illustrated by Frederic Dorr Steele. 12m». pp. 21«.
(Charlen Scrlbner's Son«.
Reviewed In another column.
CENT! RT By E A. Brayley Hodgetts Illus
trated In two volumes Rrn. pp. x«lr. 303. vl,
303. ilmp.Tte-1 by Charles Fcrlbnefe Sons.)
OF C.RANKMA U>nX By Emllj; -Soils- Cohen.
ir Illustrated hy Alfred Felnberg 12mo. pp 2«"
\ Philadelphia Jewish Publication Society )
fIRATI-RB EdltM by A. W. Ward. Ut. D..
f^ B A and A R. Waller. M. A. Vol II Th«
End "of the Middle Ages Bvo. pp. x. 604. <O P.
Putnam's Sons >
FAUST By Juliana Ha«kelt. Ph. D. *vo. pp. si.
110 (The Macmillan company »
HOME LIFE IN GERMANY. By Mrs. Alfred FMrwtek-
W lth sixteen Illustrations. 12mo. pp. 827. (Tfce Mae
mlllan Company.)
Educational method*, marriage customs, household
dut"»* shoe* and markets. inns and summer resorts
ar«"»ome of the sublets tr»at?d In this volume.
<*ranm»r and Dr. 8. A. Kapadla. Nine volumes.
l«mo <E. P. Dutton * Cb.>
Including "Sa'dfs Scroll of WlsJom. "The Faying
of Lao Tiu." "The Instruction of Ptah H"tep. ' The
Rellgl'-n of the Kor»n" and other Oriental studies
LETTERS OF A nillllWini GIRL. By Florence Wend*
roth fau-iders. Illustrated. 12mo. pp. 2«0. (Chicago:
Laird A Lee.)
Letters from 3 mother to her daughter In the city.
MY HIGH SCHOOL PAYS: With Illustrations by L. J.
Bridgman Svo. (H. M. Caldmell CDmpan-y)
A "■memory" hrx^k for the young graduate.
AND OTHERS. By a woman wh» has lived on a
man-of-war. Mary E. Hitchcock i Mrs Rasw«U D.
Hitchcock). 16mo. pp. 175. (Th« O«tham Pr«ss )
WHY WORRY? By Own* Lincoln Walton. M. D.
12mo. pp. 257. (Philadelphia: J. B. Ltpplncott Com
f»ny I
SUCCESS By th« He-. Ma-Jts«n C. •••ters Illus
trated. 12mo. pp 23». (Chicago: Laird * Lee i
Books and Publication*.
Ready Next
Saturday, June 6
Rare Books and Prints in Europe.
Sabi n ' I Prints. American*. 'IK
(Frank T.) r FINE AND RA»|
AvtrTue. London, W. J AUTOGRAPHS. Ac
•** can x" yon I"" book ever -"'^ V'\^_."J
vv -7; .-**»*
GREAT EOOK SHOP. J<*>n Bright St.. Birmingham.
n«rl IlMirtrttiNl. 12m*. PP. 320. (P!Um<*!pMaX
J. B. Llpplncott <v>mr"nv »
r-h*->f»n» on th« r»nv><J»lllnK of *£_*"*}?*!£* ri t^*
planning of v*»tabl.. and flower «ard<-ns. fruit gTO-»-
In*, poultry k<"j>!ns and th» UK*.
INSPIRED MILLION At \. rnr r*£l -**?** 1 *
Planter L»». 12mo. pp. **• l * mm ' Tom "**'
RELIGION' AND MEDICINE. Th« Mor«t Control of
nVtouh Dl-*n>r*. By Elw«M Worcester. D. D.
Ph. D-: B«mu*l McComb. M. A D. V ,»* _;Ti
H. Corlat. M. P. i2mo. pp. 42.. <Moffat. T»rd *
Hoadtal. lllustrat-d. 12m". pp. 310 ' Published by
■H author.)
A study of th« character and -«-•-' of : » cot**
Tr-nch conjur«r and a brief history of his art.
LAWLESS WEALTH. The Origin^ Some Gr»«t Am*rl
ean Fortunes. By • "nar!*» EMw*rd RusselL I2aia.
pp. Til. 2*». iB. W. Dod«* * Co)
Surett. »nd Daniel Gregory Mason. Svo. pp. x. =*
(Th» Baker * Taylor Company.)
A simple «nd practical r: : - written from the '■*-
t»n»r ». ratS<«r than rr^m the professional musician a.
point of view.
THE SPORT OF BIRD-STUDT. A B<*>lc trrr Tnattm or
Active P^>p!e. By H»r6»rt Keifhtley Jo»- tl.u»ft»t
—1 from photecraohs by th« author. Sv«. pp. *"»
2*4. (Outlay p<ih!!*hln* Company.)
A book of natur* study written la »tory form tm
Interest young r»a*»rs.
VERSKS By Mary MofTat Cunningham. I2m'», pp. !<>•.
♦ Bonnell. Silver * Co i
BARHAM BEACH. A Po*m of Regeneration.. By Julia.
Ditto Toung fv«. pp. 133. < Privately printed.)
Lowell. In two volume* 8- - pp *v, 5.0; Till. 563.
(Th« Ma<-mi:ian Company.)
Study of Their Development. By Annie ■:»!• Mac
lean. Ph. P. Svo. pp. 181 (Longman*. Green A C«.)
Volume twenty nln» In "Studies In History. Eco
nomic* and Public Law." e«Jlt~l by th« faculty oZ
Political Science of Columbia University.
WATR By U D. H. Weld. Ph. D. Svo. pp. 190t
i Longmans. Green It Co. >
Volume thirty-one In rfc* foregoing s*rte«.
12im. pp. 312. «G. P. F'ntn»m'» Sons.)
Volume twenty- In the "frown Theological
WANTED— A TTITT* TTT By Samuel T. Carter. D. D.
!2mo. pp. 144. Funk A Wa&nalls Company.)
ing all Social Reform Movements and Activities, and
the Economic. Industrial and Sociological Facts and
Statistics of all Countrle» and all Social Subjects.
Edited by William D. P. Bliss and Rudolph M.
Binder Ph. D. With the co-operatton of many »pe
clallsts. New «llt!on. 4to. pp. 1.321. (Funk A Wag
nail» «*omrany.)
Edited by K<!tntin<l Clarence Stedman and Thomas L.
Stedman. 16mo. pp. xxxlr. SO.'* «W. R. Jenkins.)
TRUST COMPANIES. Prepared by Andrew Hamil
ton. New edition by Charles J. Hall**. «*•■>. PP. 1«».
(Albany: Hunk* * Co.»
Speakers and Candidates. With prefatory letter by
the Rl«ht Hon. A J. Balfour. I2mo. pp. Mil. 3*9.
(The Ma.mtllan Company. .
THE RISE OF MAN. By Colonel C. R. Cboder. LL. D
M. R. A S. •■», pp. vlll, 37«> iE. P. Imtton • a.
A history of man's social development studied ■>
the light of modern silence.
WANDERINO3 IN IRELAND. By Michael Myers **£*'
maker. Illustrated. 12mo. pp. by. ?.«i. 'G P. Put
nam'* Sons.)
Visiting In turn the ruins of bygone day" and '.&•
busy centres of modern Hf«.
Architects Prepare Rules for Build

ing Code Commission.
If th* report prepared by well known architects
of the city for the Building Code Commission of
the Board of Aldermen Is adopted, all new buildings
higher than one hundred fee* will resemble? a flight
of steps leading up to a lofty tower. This form
of building for a skyscraper was favored by the
architects because it gave a court and street spae«
much narrower at the bottom than at the top.
and would allow the entrance of sunlight and fresh
air better than any other type of building.
Recognizing that the situation in Manhattan
makes it Impossible to put an arbitrary limit on
the height of buildings, the architects believe that
thla would solve the problem. The Joint commit
tee which drew ip the suggested code was ap
pointed by the Society of Beaux Arts and th«
American Institute of Architects. Ernest Flas^
was chairman of the Beaux Arts committee and a
F. Bralnard. of Carrere & Hastings, chairman of
the other committee.
The report favors the progressive Increase of th«
area left vacant for air and light with the In
crease in height, this percentage up to 1» feet
to be ascertained by dividing twice th« square of
the distance above the curb by 1.000. Except for
buildings other than hotels and dwelling houses on
corner plots, this percentage should not fall be
low 10 A certain portion of any plot may be built
to any height. A builder may erect a «tracrur«
not conforming to these ru .•« by acquiring adja
cent property on which the heights of the struct
ures to be erected would be restricted. Bxc«pt
on corner lots, a building at the curb line should
not exceed 100 feet. Mr Flags says that this plan
would give the builder all the leeway consistent
with Justice to neighboring buildings.
, m
It was a record day at the Fifth Avenue Art
Galleries ye>»ferii»y. for James P. Silo wound up
the season by selling 300 lots, the last of the Carroll
and Oraef collection, in 150 minutes. The «ura ot
H4.521 was realiaed. bringing the total for tn*
: entire sale up to 153.706.
, The bidding was lively, especially when the Jewelry
1 was put up. An emerald and diamond brooch with
; a pearl pendant brought SL43O- and a diamond
-'•■■«.*« piece, with a pink pearl centre, went
■ for $l.m A platinum and gold butterfly broocfc
■ set with forty-four diamonds brought B«* and a
diamond and pearl necklace 1510. U Herreshoff
bought a platinum bow knot brooch set with]
1 thirty-seven diamonds, for $125.
The other buyers Included G. T. Rafferty. , Henry
U* Ranger. Mrs. M. ' i'"""-i Colonel tV Crosby.
U Brooks. Mr. C. F. Meyer. O. C. Whiting. TVUmot
smith. W. O. States. M. C. Balrd. W. E. NMchala.
L. V. Bell and Morton W. Smith. James T. •!!•.
accompanied by his bom. J. P. Silo* Jr.. will aafl «a
th« steamer Baltic on June 11 for several months'
! rest on the French Rlvtera. returning la '.una to
j resume business In the early fall.

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