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literary ffebv* and Criticism.
, f a mbridfff History of English lAtrrature. _ 4 MKRIDGE HISTORY OF ENGLISH LJT- V&.1 7-?-'-rs Edited by A W. Ward and A R. EH V,, r In fourteen volume* Vol. I. From " ii.r'minip to the Cycles of Romance. *?i? i ilThe End of the Middle Ages. Svo.. Xtr'. IK: iT - 604 - G - F - Putnam's Sons. not often that students are Invited to use -k Hk e the onP Tvho!<e flrst two vol *"n^s • v °^ before us. Of briefer -works there have re ' man y quite as scholarly, not a few more *SLnt « 1 d attractive alike to the easygoing *"* t-at -a the delver after literary- lore. But if ? * t rt!l already finished forecast the character . *,- elve volumes which remain to be pub <f>ed. Mr. -Ward and Mr. Waller promise to !i^.'re a history of such magnitude and au r*ZZL hat n ° other worlc can he found with vjch to compare it. With umisual felicity the «!•«* ha^•e struck the polden mean between ' encyclopedia and a handbook. The History nßoenfls the latter Institution, not merely by rtnt . °* F;Z e and thoroughness, but perhaps *^«t effectively by avoiding the cardinal sin of -l brief histories and historical compendium?. *tlci If the centring of affairs about a few -MBt men or event?. The first result of this **Z , w fl often useful, distortion Is the dwarfing . ill the many lower orders of genius. The -at ref'-.t is the total neglect of broad, pik ificar.t. but hardly visible, movements of OTJ _j jt and style and th*> consequent overestl ttSticn -,r the few great men of originality and •yyxctr. Scarcely a chapter In either of the two nlumes row at hand fails to fulfil the pledge. made In the preface, "to consider subsidiary movements and writers below the highest rank, ,-3 to trace. In apparently arid period?, proc e»ys which were often carried on. as It were, underground * The attention riven to fugitive literature add? .- th* ::sefu'ness of the History quite as much is It 'heightens its charms. For. after all. Is not ny creatr-ess of our literary lineage made ap ♦ytrest Da leys by the multitude of good forgot ten writers than by the few solitary immortal?? However much the scenes may thereby be crow.l ri, ... perspectives are cleared by the. editor*" treatment of the literature of science, philosophy, politics, parliamentary eloquence, collegiate and rrfigicu? matter*, newspapers and magazines, publishers ar.d booksellers; "homely books deal lac with precept and manners and social life; ll^Bßrte letters and street songs: accounts if ■-■--< and records of import — whole range of I'tterr. in its •widest acceptance, from the Cam bridge Plator.ists to the fraternity of vagabonds." That this unfenced territory Is being covered ■Kitiout turning the History into ■ mere encyclo pedia or a stilted chronology is a happy circum rasce which finds Its explanation chiefly in th *ia*lear <X* and literary skill of the many di? iigiiished contributors, but also In the flexible combination of the historical and topical meth ds of exposition wisely adopted by the editors. Tf» Srft -rolume demonstrates the worth of tils editorial policy and the rare merit of the individual essays. Its twenty chapters fell with as many phases of pre-cyclic Eng- Jsh. and the** com* from the pens of sixteen t^awriti*"" To do Justice to all these contribu tions booklet of reviews -would have to be writ ten The peculiar value of the volume, though, my be shown in a comment or two upon the Ouagr-. treatment here accorded to more or Tsa recondite topics. Mr. A. C. Paul's brief ciajter on "Rune* and Manuscripts" summa tz«eiertainingly the world's scanty knowledge c! jsißitive Germanic alphabets and writing serials. On the controversy over the origi «*Br*rt«»r and purpose of runes Mr. Paves uke* the most conser\-ative stand; he admits rhm. imT>n««<viti<r -« 4-^t-*l»»»t •WettaßT the marlis were primarily letters. Ideographs, or, as their tame, auggests. "m>-stical sign?, bearers of po tent magic." Many interesting anecdotes from primitive literature are cited to chow their magic reaction; and other cases prove that, even when runes were used as a means of communication, the air of mystery and witchcraft hung about them. Passing into the realm of hypotheses, Mr. Pan*? remarks that, "since the power and force -' •- ppoken Mil easily pass into the symbol lor vhich it ptand?, it is not improbable that th* latter meaning is secondary, the spell be comin*. so to speak, materialized in the graven letter." la making this conjecture he sterns to coe?*«« Ignorance, or at least disregard, of the tnessive anthropological records showing the attitude taken by primitive tribes toward in rripT^ns Had the author considered these he tvH& doubtless have seen in runic magic noth int but & function conveniently added to ordi nary writing by priestcraft. Mr. W. Lewis Jones and Mr. J. E. Sandys con sibute each a chapter upon neglected themes •nfl succeed in showing their historical Impor ting. Mr. Jones, writing about "Latin Chroni r>Tß from the. Eleventh to the Thirteenth Cen tnries' goes far beyond the beaten path of English literature. His subject belongs rather 19 the literature of England, but it is none the Ha relevant to the task of the Cambridge His l«T.l «T. However natural the scant attention may *» which the Latin chroniclers usually receive In literary histories, their writings deserve seri «■* notice. Mr. Jones properly calls the latter th* most remarkable literary monument of the Msil of learning following the Norman Con west. He says: % Prir*'!^,, ap these documents are to the modern •-Keriasi, they ere far from being, as a whole, the HBtos records which concern the student of political t,n(s constitutional movements alone -.- • Far more than their embellishments of rr X (safer Julnese and accuracy of detail and »* patriotic motives, what gives life to the « E slo-JCermaa chronicles ie the sense which they «-om*y of intimate relationship with great men *}& gnat affaire The chroniclers describe events 7 ■*** they were eye- witnesses; they preserve «*"um«n<« to which they bad special privilege Of. *■***: they retail anecdotes gathered from tn<» ■ssssr the marketplace and th« court. Mr. rmsTls accounts of Bede. William of J&knesbury. Geoffrey of Monmouth and others •"Sect this sympathetic appreciation, and are ■4s«| succinct. Mr. Sandys moves acro-s II! &tJy more familiar ground when he writes «boct "English Scholars of Paris and Francis cans si Oxford." These men. among whom John • Salisbury. Roger Bacon and Duns Scotus *"* out prominently, have been noticed, and •?« BOBBssf betimes, by students of philosophy. Mr Ban<Jyn. however, wisely devotes his pages '■''<!."• to a broad, yet reasonably complete, ac- BftM of the firt-t faint stirrings of humanism ■■■MBMBi In the writings of scholars and Kfas lava to the days of Richard of Bury, ■kaa Oxford was Just ceasing: to be "the beauti ** *ty. fprea>Jln« her gardens to the moonlight •™5 *h!»p»-r1ng from her towers the last en- of the Middle Age." Among the re- Jsatalng chapters those which supply lnforma- U< * tsuaHy lacking in pi*-Chaucerian history •*«» roliowing: Miss M. Bentinck Smiths <o; a English Christian Poetry." Mr. Montague Ri »^f James's "Latin Writings in England to <£ Ttae or Alfred/ Mr. A. R- Waller's and **«« Clara Thomson's "Later Transition En? **" £n<J Mr F. W. Maitland's "Anglo-French *** Language." This last contribution is a dis 'fPointnient/ being only a meagre sketch of J»«al ndPncl< , 8 in an interesting, though no Or <*r important, transition StJOicg with the prolific and eventful done of "•Middle Ae.y. the second volume of the- His **T Is richer than its pred«-c*-ssor in both criti tsKa an<l description of literary epochs. The ***** ea»y, indeed, suffers from a surfeit Of *■* rkhe ? . wh * n considered as an Integral *«<** larit*. comprehensive work rather than **«n impendent stttdy. Professor J. M. Manly. ••*«; deals here « ith "Piers the Plow: man and Its Sequence." He is interested al most exclusively in the question of authorship so that the essay is little more than an admir able, but somewhat irrelevant, piece of textual criticism. Were it not for the fact that, in proving the multiple authorship of "Piers the Plowman." Mr. Manly had to summarize the poem, the contribution would have wholly missed its proper aim. This aim. we take It. is to set forth the nature and historical significance of that great group of poems which, for more than two hundred years, were on every Englishman's lips, and almost adored as inspired prophesy by the great leaders of the Reformation. But. less than two pages out of the erudite forty fight touch this matter directly. Without belittling the value of textual criticism, the read er may well conclude that Mr. Manly has swerved widely from the purpose of the History. Were every contributor to approach his special topic as this distinguished scholar has his own the enterprise would benefit only the minute critics, not the lovers of literature. Happily, though, the twelve other writers of this volume have studiously kept in their own private note books all details that do not make clear im portant historical bearings. The Rev. J. P. Whitney's estimate of Wyclif and the Lollards, in his chapter on "Religious Move ments in the Fourteenth Century.*' is not only readable, but exceedingly pane; without dispar agement. Mr Whitney shows that Wycilf's intel lectual influence was not so enduring, and his lit erary influence not so great as tradition has made them. Mr. G. C. Ifacaulay's treatment of John Gower is substantial and straightforward. Professor George Salisbury's two chapters on Chaucer and the English Chaucerians combine, a wealth of information and genial, yet acute, crit icism with his familiar vivacity of style. Doubt less the two most widely interesting topics arc the Rev. T. A. Walker's "English and Scottish Education. I'niversities and Public Schools toth» Tim« of Colet" and Mr. Francis B. Gummere's "Ballads." Th*» former is handled briefly, but without niggardliness, and is relieved with light touches about student life, Mr. Gumme.re is as tonishingly successful in pressing a veritable en cyclopaedia of ballads into a few pages without a dull or .-skimping paragraph. His is a perfect short essay on this huge and fascinating sub ject. The byway explorations, which, as we have said. are a distinguishing feature of the Cambridge History, are nearly all in the field of Scottish literature in this second volume. Four Important chapters deal solely with language and writings from north of the Tweed, and two others are partly devoted to the same subject. Mr. F. M. Padelfords study of "Transition Eng lish Song Collections" and Mr. Waller's review of "Political and Religious Verse to the Close of the Fifteenth Century" likewise discourse upon them?:, untouched by most students, but withal profitable. A review of the History cannot end without mention of the well sifted and ordered bibli ography appended to each volume. Compiled by each contributor for his own topic, it is made ex ceptionally valuable by the descriptive and criti cal comments on the works there listed. As an aid to even th° more advanced specialists, it ia almost worthy of separate publication. Til E VOVXG IDEA. Note* on the Art of Teaching It t Hozc to Shoot. WHICH COLLEGE FOR THE BOY? LEADING TYPES IN AMERICAN EDT'CATION. By John «'orl>ln Illustrated. 12mo, pp. svi, 873.. Hough ton. MifPlin & Co. ON THE TRAINING OF PARENTS. By Ernest Hamlln Abbott. 12mo, pp. 141. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Mr. John Corbin. who has aroused much in terest and no little wrath by his criticisms of American universities in general and of his alma mater. Harvard, in particular, has brought together in a readable volume several studies of typical universities and colleges. The title of the book— "Which College for the Boy?"— is misleading. Mr. Corbin nowhere plays the adviser to anxious, wavering parents, unless his repeatedly expressed dislike of "the German izing tendencies"— such as the exaggerated elective system, copious science courses and the degradation of the humanities— be construed as a warning against most large universities. The writer explicitly confines his efforts to discussing leading types in American education. "I have tried to show what sort of young men go to ea<~h college, what its traditions are, what the authorities aim to do. and what they actually are doing." Mr. Corbin has accomplished this task admirably. Any alumnus of the institu tions described will soon discover that a close personal investigation has been made and that undergraduates have supplied almost as much "confidential" information as faculty members and archives have. The schools portrayed as typical are Prince ton, "a collegiate university"; Harvard, "a Germanized university"; Michigan, "a Middle Eastern university"; Cornell, "a technical uni versity"; Chicago, "a university by enchant ment"; Wisconsin, "a utilitarian university." and Knox. "the small college." If Mr. Corbin sometimes appears wofully blind to the advan tages of scientific education and the elective system, It is only because his righteous enthu siasm over the thorough personally managed education afforded in English colleges bubbles over at the slightest provocation. Aside from a somewhat inflated faith in the saving power of the humanities, our college Baedeker dis plays sober and accurate judgment. He is not mistaken in his belief that these studies will bring to parents and prospective collegian? a well sifted fund of information hitherto inac cessible. Mr Ernest Hamlin Abbott's six essays. 'On the Training o* Parents." are so many voices crying in the wilderness of women's club?, scientific kindergartens and sentimental mothers. The author has discovered what not all people who try to write or teach about his topic have snspected-namely. that there are no fixed and uniform rules for managing chil dren. As in medicine there are no diseases, but only patients, fo in the nursery there are no faults to be corrected by Mrs. Fadds latest method, but only large bundles of immaturi ties commonly called "kids." Because Mr. Ab bott has caught this Illusive truth, his little volume fairly brims over with common sense; and because he has an observant eye. cleverness is absent from only a few pages. This author condemns corporal punishment as a rule and defends it as an exception. He hoots at the elaborate toys which parents (who like them of course) give their offspring in these days 'of irrationality. He pays his respects— ln mall change-to the wise pedagogues who by managing children's play too solicitously rob Z vouns of life* best fun. BuJ after all hi, man'v diatribes the writer does not end in a revolution He has no new theory to offer pa rent- as a guide in bringing up their progeny. Tho best advice of — experienced teachers ,is brought home: develop habits, win obedience by Si* the child's imagination into play. use reason instead of brute authority whenever DOS- Zt\, But the triteness of these Injunctions tH not impair the little hook. For though fhTy are trite among the persons who preach Z m profo^ion.lly. the, M,un<| confusing y i, the ears of parents who ought to Mra T em £ Abbott, having orbed them ,v,lv anecdotal style, ou*hl to make them c^t.liuie more in rea.Hfe than they now do. NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SATURDAY, JUNE 13, 1908. BOOKS AND AUTHORS. Current Talk of Things Present and to Come. Houghton, Mlfflin & Co. will publish in the early autumn Miss Mary Johnston's new novel, "Lewis Rand," the first she has written in four years. It Is a romance of American life in the days of Thomas Jefferson. . Some time ago there began to appear in Eng lish periodicals bits of minor verse by a Mr. W. H. Davies, which attracted attention by virtue of their originality. Now he is publishing a book of prose, "The Autobiography of a Super- Tramp." In this he records the experiences of a life which "The I»ndon Outlook" thus sum marizes: Bom near Bristol, the son of a sea captain, he was bound apprentice to the picture frame trade. He left, his house at the age of twenty or so. found work In Bristol, spent six months wallowing In the dissipations of the poor, and then went to America with fifteen pounds in his pocket to make nil fortun**. The money soon ■went, and one day. sit tins in a park in a small town in Connecticut, he ruck up an acquaintance with a tramp, and. joining forces with him; set out on the career of which this book is the record, and which only ended when he tired of it and settled down, on eight shillings a week left to him by his grand mother, to write and publish verse. L*dy Ritchie. Thackeray's daughter, who Is perhaps best known as Annie Thackeray, years ago showed that she. had a charming if rather minor gift of her own as a novelist. Her "Vil lage on the Cliff" is very pleasantly remembered. In recent years the writings she has published have beon of a biographical or purely literary nature, but she has just returned to fiction. A iipw novel by her is soon to appear. In "Newness Art Library" the Frederick Warne Company has issued a book on "Sir Thomas Lawrence," one of those convenient little collections of full page reproductions which are. after all. as useful as a full fledged biography. Mr. R. S. Clouston writes, cleverly enough, th* bri*>f prefatory sketch of the painter's career, but the important thing is the series of halftones. These generously illus trate Lawrence's elegance in the portrayal of women and children, and the still courtly but thoroughly masculine tou«-h which he brought to his study of men. The frontispiece gives in photogravure the beautiful unfinished portrait. In the possession of the Royal Academy, which Lawrence painted of himself. Miss May Sinclair has another novel soon coining from the press. It bears the title of "Kitty Tailleur." The author of "Elizabeth and Her German Garden" has also completed a novel, but the title of this is as yet unknown. The magnificent collected edition of the writ ings of John Ruskln is drawing near to com pletion. Two volumes in it are to be given to his letters, many of which have never before been printed. The series will Include letters written to his parents, to Dr. John Brown, Car lyle. Froude, the Brownings. Mrs. Gaskell, Mrs. Stowe, Tennyson and many more notabilities. Professor J. Arthur Thomson has contributed to the "Science Series" a volume on "Heredity" (G. P. Putnam's Sons). It is hard to say whether it deserves to be called a popular pres entation of the subject or not. It is a well framed introduction to an absorbing study, but, as the Aberdeen biologist remarks in the preface, his exposition i? not simple, "although it is prob abiy simple enough for those who have got be yond the pottering, platitudinarian stage which deals in heredity with a capital H." The reader who approaches this volume must have courage and pertinacity, for Professor Thomson has In sisted upon thoroughness in every paragraph. But this does not mean that a large foreknowl edge of biological facts and terms is needed for the understanding of the author's discourses. He. has succeeded in avoiding technicalities, winnowing out ambiguities and trifles and em phasizing the practical bearings of essential farts and issues. Constantly availing himself of simple anecdotes and referring to his numerous colored plates, he lucidly brings home to the un trained reader the very soul and substance of the central fact and puzzle of biology. This has been done, too, without glossing over the immense difficulties and the untouched mysteries confronting the student of heredity. Professor Thomson takes his stand for Weismannism— the belief that the inheritance of acquired charac teristics has not been proved. His discussion of this mooted doctrine i* as interesting as it is thorough and clear. If popularity is ever to be measured by fascination of theme, truthfulness and simplicity of language and style, then •Heredity" may be called a truly popular book. The John I.ane Company is bringing out this month the first volume in Its collected edition of the works of M. Anatole Prance. The trans lations have been placed under th» genera! editorship of Mr. Frederic Chapman, who has himself put into English one of the books im mediately to appear. -Mother of Pearl." Two more volumes are scheduled for publication in June. "The Red T.ily" and "The Crime of Syl vr .<«pre Ronnard." th«» latter in the well known translation of Ijafcadio Hearn. Next month "The Garden of Epicurus" will be issued and the remaining volumes, including 'Joan of Arc." will appear during the autumn and next year. Mr. Andrew I^ang. by th» way. continue* to lift up his voice in something very like wrath against the attitude taken toward Joan of Arc by M. Frame in his recently published work. In a long letter to "The Ix-ndon Times" he pounces on the reviewer who in that Journal had s^id of the Maid's blo^raphT. "He deals not in praise but in facts." Mr. Lang go*s on to show that M. France "too often deals in legends, apparently evolved by his subconscious self, ' and though he protests that he would not accuse ML EVance, of deliberate errors, he does assert that the Frenchman has an "unceasing .<pite against the Maid," adding that "it ap pears even in trifles." Here is a specimen of the brilliant critic's argument: Not even good looks will M. France allow to th» Maid! Every one. I suppose, would prefer to be li^vf. what even the old hostile English legend of the Maid aver?, that Ph.* was beautiful and charm ing. From the evidence of men who knew her wll we learn that she was ''belle et bien form£p"; "to see her and hear her speak (h*r voice was woman |v) «he seemed a thing all divine." "Her face was glad and smiling." Her bust whs beautiful. That her hair was black we know only by contemporary report. The evidence here cited Is all from the lips and pens of men who fought beside her, or saw her at Chinon or Poitiers. M France describes her as "robust, with a short, strong- neck, and a full bosom, as far as could be seen under her Jacket . - . even more surprising than her leg gear wan her headgear. She wore a woollen chaperon." We scarcely recognize the girl hello ft bien formee; the •thing all divine" of d'Alencon. <sul de Laval. d'Aulon, and th»» rest! M France, to find his Bhort-necked Pucelle, has to desert these witnesses, has gone to lat*» writers who never paw the Maid-Mathleu Thomassin. the perfectly mythical "Chronlque de Lorraine," and the still later and equally mythopoeie Italian r r » r . Philippe de Bergame, born after the. Maid was dead. "He Is wholly devoid of credibility." .... Queeherst. The "Chronique de Lorraine. ' .,„ dof . s not say that the Maid was short, but that she was tall! Not one of these late authors . ' that her ne<-k was short. Finding good con femnorarv reports of the girl> looks. M. France, nrefers late and valueless evidence. The long story ihotit ' leanne # mal jugee. conduct and her con jTmcd "disobedience to her parents In the matter r,f"h«-r marriage (Vol. I. pp. 83-&O is absolutely hazeless »nd has not a word of support from the Sofuimentß rltf-d by M. France. If he "does not deal in prats*." doe, he "deal in facts"? Henry l"r.u\de. the»American representative of the Oxtor4 University Press, announce? the first volumes at a new "Oxford" edition of the works , f Th.T keray It will be completed in seventeen volumes, «a cn edited, with an introduction, by Professor Saintshury. Sperlal pains will b« taken •with the illustrations, of which there will be more than fifteen hundred. Some trifles of literary Interest appear in "Queen Victoria as I Knew Her," the book origi nally printed for private circulation by Sir The odore Martin and lately reissued for a larger audience. The author tells this droll story of the Queen and one of her chaplains: Charles Klngsley had preached before the Court at Windsor, and was afterward lnvit'-d to tne royal table, at the head of which sat the Queen and Prince Consort. Klngsley himself sitting near In a place of honor. The Queen presently ex pressed her opinion that the best of the Preacher s novels was "Hypatia": the Prince Consort, on the other hand, maintained, with not less emphasis that his greatest . book was "Alton Locks. The conversation grew animated, but no appeal was made to the embarrassed writer. At last her majesty, turning to her guest. exclalme4 £*f *»£■ Mr. Klngsley has an opinion." There lives no record of reply. Klngsley. who In some directions was rather thtn-skinnpd. m a little nettled at the moment, though he lived to smile over the incident. Sir Theodore gives a quaint souvenir of the Queen's mood where the subject of "women's rights" was concerned. In 1870 she wrote to him as follows: The Queen is most anidous to enlist every one who can speak or write to Join In checking this mad wicked folly of "Woman's Rights." with all Us attendant horrors, on which her poor feeble sex is T bent. fretting every son.c of wom«ily feeling and propriety. Ledy ought to get a •jood whipping. In the fourth volume of "Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musician?.- which the Macmlllans have just published, the letters Q, R and S are disposed of. Under the editorship of Mr. Fuller Maitland. old articles have be<»n r*vl*ed. ex tended and brought down to date; new articles have been added, and the scope of the dlctlonary extended by the inclusion of material not con templated in the original plan. Mr. H. E. Krehbiel, the American editor, has added a num ber of articles on American musicians. In undertaking to present the doctrines, pol icy, alms and practical proposals of British so cialism. Mr. J. Ellis Barker grapples with a task scarcely less prodigious and intricate than that of describing the weather. As we scan the well filled pages of hl3 volume, "British Social ism" (Charles Scrlbner's Sons), the impression grows that Mr. Barker has fallen a prey to the chaotic swarm of wild, incoherent, revolution ary and vague socialistic doctrines which It has been his duty to sf>t forth in a purely historical manner. The extravagances of British social ism have got upon his nerves. His descrip tions are. as a result, frequently vitiated by an unnecessary display of petulance and sarcasm, which, however warranted by the facts, is ex ceedingly annoying to the reader who comes to Mr. Barker's pasres for information. This is pe culiarly exasperating because he has valuable information to impart, and, on the whole, sub jeots the manifold programmes of British so cialism to searching criticism, sometimes over zealously, but usually with much good sense. He takes up in turn each problem which Brit ish socialists have faced and sets forth each remedy proposed. A confusing host of opinions is arrayed. Space is found for all shades of socialistic opinions about trade unions, co-oper ation, land, landlords, capital, taxation, impe rialism, the foreign policy. Parliament, local government, agriculture, finance, education and many other matters. As is inevitable when so much is condensed into a small space, Mr. Bar ker's expositions frequently become mere quota tions from socialistic writers plus aphoristic ap pendages of criticism. These sppendages are often keen, but again they are nothing more than commonplace gibes. It is inconceivable that any student of British socialism could de clare that "the majori'v of British socialist leaders apparently desire to keep the workers drunkon." Mr. Barker is an ardent advocate of temperance; can it be that he is unable to think of the detested brood of socialists as entertaining a single idea in common with him self? Instances like this one might be multi plied. Although containing many excellent pres entations of socialistic fallacies, every page is colored with bitter partisanship and intoler ance. The reader with socialistic leanings will throw the volume aside, while the unbiassed will be loath to trust the truths it speaks in anger. Readers of the letters of "Omar" FltzGerald will remember the high regard in which he held his East Anglian boatman. "Posh." The friend ship is perhaps sufficiently Illustrated in the letters, but Mr. James Rlyth has been making- a little book about it, which is presently to ap pear, with illustrations, under the title of "Ed ward FitzGerald and 'Posh.' " BOOKS OF THE WEEK. BIOGRAPHY. DANTON AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. By <-harle» F. Warwick. Illustrated. Svo. pp. 487. (Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs A Co.) ."MY MEMOIRS. By Alexandra Dumas. Translated by X M. Waller. With an Introduction by Andrew Lang. In Fix volume?. Vol. TV, 1830-IS3I. With frontispiece. 12mo. pp. ill. 614. (Th« Macmlllan Company. ROOSEVELT AND THE REPUBLIC. Br John W. Bennett. 12mo. pp. xxlii, 424. 1 Broadway Pub lishing Company.) CARDINAL NEWMAN AND HIS INFLUENCE ON RELIGIOUS LIFE AND THOUGHT. By Charles Parolea. Til D-, Lit. D. 12mo. pp. v!l, 174. (Im ported by Charles Srrlbner's Sons.) In "The World's Epoch Makers." edited by Oll phant Smeaton. FICTION. SIR RICHARD ESCOMBE. By Max Pemberton. Il lustrated. 12mo. pp. xl. 351. (Harper A Bre>«.) The. story of a famous social fraternity In the days of fi«irir» 11. THE SHOULDERS OF ATLAS. By Mary E. Tfllkins Freeman. Illustrated. 12mo. pp. 293. (Harper & Bros.) A study of New England life, and character. DIANA OF DOBSON'S. By Cecily Hamilton. 12mo. pp. 3R2 (The Century Company.) The, romance, of a pretty and clover little shop girl. THE WOMAN PAT." By Frederic P. Ladd. Illus trated by Gordon Grant. 12mo. pp. vi, 275. (Mitchell Kennerley.) A dramaMc love story. THE COBBLER. By Elma A Travis. M. D 12mo, pp. x. 2*7. (OutinK Publishing Company.) A study of the artUtlc temperament. HISTORY. RUSSIA'S MESSAGE. Th« True World, Import of the Revolution. By William English Walling. Illus trated. Svo. pp. jrrill, 47«. (Doubleday, Pag» 4 Co.) A study of the salient points In the evolution of modern Russia. JUVENILE. ADVENTURE? OF PIRATES AND SEA ROVERS. By Howard Pyle. Rear Admiral J. H. Upshur. Paul Hull. Reginald Gourlay and other*. Illustrated 16mo op! x. 212. (Harr-r * Bros > MISCELLANEOUS. THE GO?PBL OF GREED. Spirit of Commercialism the Vital Controlling Force in Human Affairs. By Charles H. McDermott. 12mo. pp. X \. 221. (Boston: rhapple PublUhinK Company.! PSTCHICAL RESEARCH AND THD RESITRRECTION. By James H. Hyslop, Ph. IV. LL. D. 12mo. pp. iv. • 410. 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