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THE WARTBURG CASTLE. AT EISENACH. GERMANY. LANDGRAFENHAUS .N THE FOREGROUND. ONCE LUTHER'S HOME. Tl r art burg, Famous German Castle, Where Avion Society Will Sing. An unusual affair la to take place on July 14, When the Arion Singing Society of Brooklyn will eing in the Wart burg Castle, Eisenach. Ger many It is a pilgrimage of New World musi- Cians, enough to fill the cabins of a big ship ■ailing on June 27 from New York to the an cient building where famous Binding contests were held in the twelfth century under the pat ronage of the Landgrave Hermann 1. The num ber of memben who will go is 230. They will also sing in Bremen, Berlin and other German Cities. The Wartburg la regarded by architects who fcnow as one of the finest secular structures in Xrermany. It is also distinguished as the refuge »f Luther in the turbulent times of the Keforma lion. for he lived there under the name of "Junker Georg" from May 4, 1521. to March 0, 1822, encased in his translation of the Bible. The Arion Society has the distinction of being *!he first organization of Its kind to be honored with permission to sing in this old castle The courtesy is granted by Grand Puke Wilhelm Ernst of Saxe-Weimar, the present owner of the Wartburg, who occasionally makes his resi dence there for short periods. The group of buildings forming the castle Is situated on the tor of a hill, six hundred feet above the thrifty oily of Eisenach. Here begins the beautiful Thuringtan forest, which stretches away to the south and east for more than ninety miles. This Is one of the most lovely and attractive parts of all Kurope. No wonder the picturesque spot was Chosen as the site of the grand old castle, which •was crumbling into ruins long before America was discovered and has only recently been re stored. The surrounding hills are covered with pine and birch trees, fertile valleys stretch away as far as the eye can reach, and frequent villages, With th.ir quaint gables and tiled roofs, mark the well built highways. In every direction are fine vistas, with a variety of color at various times of the year. Steep slopes lead up to the castle on each side, and the stronghold was well srt nated to resist a besieging army in medieval times. Hut the days when trumpets called to arms while a mailed foe camped at its gates are long gone by. ami the grim buildings are given over to the thousands of tourists who come each year t<> see how the Landgraves lived and to ex.-iiii;ri< with curious interest the room of the gi . at reformer. Emperor Wilhelm is said to have a sp«< iaJ fondness for the W T artl>urg. He makes occa sional visits to the castle and occupies apart ments which are. plain and simple in the ex trcnu A small drawing room, dining room, bed ami bath rooms and kitchen are reserved for the use of the Kaiser. The furniture Is tasteful but ■canty, the divan looks hard and the bed is Short and narrow A large zinc tub occupies th< larger part of the bathroom, and in front of It is a rug with the word "Salve." The kitchen Is w< II equipped with shiny brass cooking uten sils, wooden moulds for the desserts, some of th. in hundreds of years old, and steins of vari ous shapes and sizes. Here the Emperor gives evidence «<f his versatility by cooking a meal. REW-YORK DAILY TWBCSE. SUNDAY. JUKE 21. 1««. and an elaborate one at that, over the large range. In a covered case on the wall are pre served tho white apron and cap and the wooden spoon and fork which were used by his majesty when he last acted as chef. The original Wartburg was built by Ludwig the Springer in 1067-70 and was the residence of the Landgraves of Thuringia until the family ceased to exist in 1247. when it passed to other hands. Ludwig discovered the hill while on a hunting expedition. Attracted by the beauty of the scenery and by the isolated position which offered natural defences, he exclaimed: "Wart, Burg, dv sollst inir cine Burg werden" ("Wait, hill, you shall be a citadel"). From this saying the nam^ Wartburg is derived. It is said that his proprietorship was disputed by Herr yon Frankenstein, who claimed title to the property. Ludwig must swear that he was ending the building on ground owned by his father, and this he was able to do by having workman carry earth from his own possessions beyond dispute and scatter it on the site of the castle. History does not tell if his conscience ever trou bled him. but the "still, small voice" did not call loudly In those stormy days of feudal lords and robber barons when "might was right." A fam ine prevailed In the land, so that many men were available for the construction of the cas tle, and it was completed in three years. It con sisted of two parts, the Vorburg and the Haupt, FESTIVAL HALL IN THE LANDGRAFENHAUS, WHERE THE ARION SOCIETY OF BROOKLYN WILL SING, or Hofburg. In the former is the so-calle.l P.it terhaus. for the use of visiting knights and the main watch. The entrance is across a draw bridge over a deep moat and through a massive gateway, which was closed by two seta of heavy gates. To th*- right of the entrance are the quarters- of the P< hlosskommandant, which are fitted up in fifteenth century style. On the second Boot of the Ritterbaus are bo ther's room and the -Perkheimer Stubehen," the latter being sent from Nuremberg by the <Iran<l Duchess Sophie Jn 1871!. The furniture of tho reformer is as he left it— the heavy writing table, the stone footstool, the big green stove and the great bed. with its high posts. Against the wall is where the inkwell struck wh'n he hurled it at the head of Satan. A great hole has been made in the planter by relic hunters who have carried away souvenirs of Luther's anger at the devil. At the present rate of dis appearanei it will not be long before the entire wall succumbs to the onslaught. The stories could resist longer the crossbows and rams of olwen times than the horde of annual visitors, who number between 30.000 and 40,000. The room is lighted by two little windows. Through these Luther could look out upon a landscape which presented a wealth of attractive features He did not, however, enjoy his en forced stay at the castle and was glad to hasten away to Wittenberg. Near by Is the little, narrow, <■•;:>'•' .--■ «• v. •■Stut'Chen," which was occupied by th» refarm er*s friend, WHibald Plrkhelm»r, of Nuremberg, A long, narrow hal!wa> ornamented with many adages from the old German, leads to th« "Reformation" room, the walls of which are adorned with eighteen pictures painted by Pao fels, Thumann, Linnig and Struy3. They repre sent scene? In the youth of the great reformer, hi* arrival at the castle, escorted by mailed knights, his departure as "Junker Georjf." With a winter's growth of beard to conceal his Iden tity; his trial before the court at Wittenberg, and others of equal Interest in his strenuooj life. This room is shown to visitors only by special permission of the commandant. A narrow hallway dam to the roof and show ing the rafters is called "Margarethengang." it leads into the last tower In which the defenders of the castle could take refuge for the "last stand." All the rooms were connected by pas sageways with this stronghold in former times, the "Elizabethengang" serving this purpose on the east side. The "Margarether.gang" derives its name from an incident which happened in the days of Landgrave Albrecht, "the Vir lous.- He became enamoured of the pretty m.Vid-ln waiting, Kunigunde yon Klsenbersr; in fact, so Infatuated that he decided to make away with his wife, Margarethe, and marry the girl, who. it Is alleged, had blinded the whole court by her beauty. The Landgrave employed a youth to asrist him in his evil design, but the wife was warned ami quickly made preparations to fly fr«>m th.- castl.\ Before the unfortunate woman left he» royal residence she took leave of her sleeping children. In her grief she unconsciously bit the cheek cf her son Frederick, thirteen years old, ?o severely that he bore the scar all his life, and is known in history as "Frederick with the Bitten Cheek." Aided by a faithful servant, SZargaretfce was lowered in a basket from the ~Em irrcib-r Stiibchen." which she reached through the pas sageway now bearing her name, and made her escape, accompanied by a companion and a donkey driver. She arrived, after great hard ship, at Kraienberg, and later at Fulda, where she died of grief in the same year, am! was buried at Frankfort. Interest In the Wartturg must ever centre about the picturesque building known M the "Lamlgrafenhaus." It is three stories klgi and occupies a commanding part of the castVs site on top of the hill. The third floor is givf-n over to the large festival hall, where the Arion Society u-iM sing. It Is a beautifully decorated room, with raftered ceilings and walls covered with symbolical pictures. Huge carved benches- are ranged along the sides, and tapestries are nu merous. This hall is used only on especially ft-srive occasions. Its appearance is entirety modern, although one of the benches is an original from the early days of the castle. Hi old building is not without its touch of humor. On the wall of the gallery leading to the festival hall are twenty pictures, representing the dec ades of 'if- 1 for one hundred years. They are: Han's history: At ten years, a calf; at twenty, a buck: at thirty, a steer; at forty, a lion; at fifty, a fox; at sixty, a wolf; at seventy, a dog; at eighty, a tomcat; at ninety, a donkey; at on» hundred, an ox's death's head. Woman's history: At ten years, a chickling: at twenty, a dove; at thirty, a magpie; at forty. a peacock; at fifty, a hen; at sixty, a goose; at seventy, a vulture: at eighty, an owl; at ninety, a bat; at one hundred, a death's head with a beak.