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A IIAKD TIMES TIP.
What Italians and Frenchmen Do tcith Miniature Farms. A good hard times lesson for the average American is to be been in the thrift and re sourcefulness ■:* some of our new citizens, par ticularly those from Italy and from France, in getting a living, with comforts that the rest of us might envy, despite the Fact that they earn very small v.a- tas laborers. Anybody who goes by way of Jerome avenue, either by trolley or motor car, for an outing in Van Cortlandt Park can look at a pleasing instance of this readiness of ... who come from among the peasantry of Southern Europe to take ad vantage of every opportunity to get near to nature, own in the middle of the bustling city, which gets rid of nature as fast as possible to make njom for more business. Thousand of Italians have been at work for a dozen years upon the Jerome Park reservoir. and a considerable colony has settled to the eastward of the excavation. The families of the mat lied men live in the old houses that stood there when the reservoir work began. Of course th^re are hundreds of young fellows in the col ony, within which a large number of the thou sands of laborers now busy in small building operations in Tiie Bronx Iso find their homes. The Italian, like the Frenchman, insists upon good food. He may not know much about the delicacies scheduled among the Bund and weekday "menus" in the housekeeping maga in,.. but centuries of living in a natural way close to mother earth have told him the whole some tilings that are good for the healthy appe tite and that he can pet, for the most part, out of the ground for himself. It always surprises .... average American to see the deftness, as ■well as the genuine pleasure, with which the Frenchman or Italian who has come from the peasantry takes bold of a little bit of ground and gK.s ut of it enough salads, potatoes, onions and other nutritious foods to make up a satisfy ing dinn«-r. with the addition of a little meat and a little win**, or maybe without them, if there is any reason for going without. Now if you will climb a little steep hill near the pumping station with the big red tower. Just off J.-rome avenue, you will get an Impression of this. You may have noticed the dozens of little garden patches fenced in with hedges of brush woo visible from the avenue. You cannot realize what this squatter occupancy of unused land means, however, until you get to the top of the liilL There you will overlook a stretch U/UCOI: w|l|liH H TAFT LIVES WHEN HE IS AT HOME m CINCINNATI. Charles, has no porch from which the famous Canton style ° f "^P*' 9^. P the pillars, wh.le his closer friends could group themselves NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUTE, SUNDAY, JUNE 21. 1908. TYPICAL HOMES BUILT BY THRIFTY ITALIAN "SQUATTERS" NEAR JEROME PARK RESERVOIR- of these little "farms." Individually only a few feet long and wide, but together covering a square half mile. The thrifty Italians have spent their spare hours in the early morning and after work bo.fore sundown and part of Sunday laboriously thatching together the hedges, then breaking the soil and rendering It fit for culti vation. You can see that they have often car ried rich top soil for blocks to make a garden belter for salads. Ingenuity is shown in (he construction of gates to these tiny incJosures, each with its padlock. Narrow lajies wind through the little farming A NEW BUNGALOW FOR THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND. It has recently been erected on the sea beach at Snettisham, in Norfolk, and has two rooms only. It is designedly rough and primitive in appearance. A deep red brownstone is the principal material employed in construction. The ceilings are coarsely plastered and stones and shells from the beach are embedded in them. Her majesty has always been fond of this particular bit of seashore. —The Bystander. : -:>ct. between the gardens and walled in by the tall hedges. When you overlook them from the I •;■ >f the rocky hill you see that many of • :is have a roughly constructed hut in tlv* ::: . or at the highest and most comfortable point. The Italian laborer, living alone nr with s me ba helor crony in one of these, sees to it -■ r he lias a shady place adjoining his hut wl. re he can play cards or sleep .m hot summer • ■ .- ■ and S::r: lays. The South Europe genius for making the earth bring forth delicioosly is seen on every hand. The well tilled soil is lined with rows of green, and every plant seems a. perfect one. In the early morning every patch will have its owner at work weeding, loosening the soil and petting each plant. It Is an exhibition of the economical use of land. It is not only here where the Italians have started to do what the Irish squatters did among the rocky hills of Harlem years ago (for the larger shanties and the herds of goats are not wanting), but all over the city, wherever an Italian can find a bit of black ground that the sun shines on, he tills the soil and makes it give him the best part of his dinner. And not only that, it is likely that much of the excellent green stuff that Italians sell to each other so cheaply in Bleecker street, or in the neighborhood of Mulberry Bend Park, romes bit by bit from some of these little gar- Jens. The average American would starve prob ably before he would think of getting his living in this way. However poor, he would probably be too proud to let old neighbors see him doing it. Living between his "job" and thn grocery Store, Jn a Int. he i* helpless when work is so scarce that hf> loses his w< >:-k!y wages. He has f, it gotten how to use his hands It la different with the new Americans There !s a little settlement called Newark-on-the-Hill, not far from the Springfield turnpike and th» old Jersey town of Milburn. where a few years ago a real estate concern made money by cut ting- a farm up into minute plots, with lanes be tween them, and selling them to Italians and others who would buy. The average lot was 14 feet wide and 35 feet long. These lots sold as low as $14 each and averaged about $25, title being guaranteed by a Newark company. They could be bought on "easy terms," •>."> down and as low as 50 cents a week. Italians who worked miles away heard of the offer and bought. A number of negroes took advantage of it. too. The outcome of thfs experiment is interesting and just a bit amusing. The Italians and th -:r negro neighbors caught the American spii la well as holding to the thrifty Italian ■ r ■;. They bought up two ir ' ! :■ ■ ■ lots and >mbined them !'<>r themselves; then bought :i few more as a speculation. There is hardly one of tha first rough shacks to be seen now. It is primi tive enough, but the shanties have either \> ■ -n torn . 1 < » vv : i . .>r. when they were large and strong enough, have been modernized by covering th -rri with weather boarding an I sh ngles -i::d by plas tering inside. Little ;a:t:— as have been added. The twenty-five dollar lots are now ratci at $50. Just us one sees villa sites along Riverside Drive plastered with "for sale" signs, the visitor to this little settl^m^nt sees boards painted a bright yellow bearing the sign "For sale** and with the little piot mapped out by lines and fig ures as carefully as if it were in Broadway, iv the heart of the skys< raper district. You notic* that nearly all of the owners who want to sel> give addresses away off in Newark, or Ruthen ford, or in The Bronx, in New York. The name* ar>- characteristically Italian A negro scrub woman has a well built house with at least lour rooms, on a lot forty feeG square, all having cost about ?•>*). The whole amount of her yearly taxes would not pay for r. dirty, dark un.l stuffy tenement of two or three rooms in the worst part of New York for two weeks. A number of the inhabitants of the settlement! are '.tut of work just at this tim-\ It is not worrying them much. One fellow was seen .-it ting under the shade of a little veranda playing cards with hi.^ wife, the children at play near at hand. It was :n the middle of ti.e day. H<> had evident!) done all he could do in the wel kept little garden that is supplying a I irge par' of the <laily menu, helped mt by the g at thai roams a field near by and by a minimum pur chase from an Italian general store in a struct ure about ten feet wide by twenty long. He was enjoying life in spite of the industrial de pression. This place may be wiped out within a fevw months, at some ad* ml ige to the pn - nt own ers. Surveys are bei .-; ma le on the propertj adjoining for lay:.'!;; >ut plots of highly re« strict. -d property. The Italians and •'.! :rs »wn. ing lots in the settlement are watching the pro ceedings with great interest. They say that their new neighbors will not want to be so n>- ir them and that they will probably buy out i\\r undesirables at a good advance in pries.i es. The thrift of foreigners does not always mean that they devote themselves unceasingly ta hard work and accumulation. A Frenchman who plays the violin In a big downtown res taurant has bui!t with his own hands an tm« posing country house in the outskirts of a fosh lonable New Jersey suburb. He plans I » live thr".- months of the year at ea?e there when he has it finished. Adjoining him is the property of a waiter, who has built a house that is not so imposing, but is comfortable. He cultivates h garden, raises chickens, rabbits and pigeons ar.J spends three-quarters of the year pottering around this place, content with t.ie monej that he can earn in the work of a few weeks in winter A CLEAR FIELD. "I'd rather be good than great." "Then you wou't be annoyed by any serious amount of competition." — Cleveland I'lalu Dealer. ORIENTAL RUGS & CARPETS Washed, Cleaned, Repaired and Stored. MICHAELIAN BROS. & CO Tel. SU73 M<iai»uu. 297 nra AVK. 8