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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 05, 1908, Image 52

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Six Captains Will Reach
Fla.g Rank Within
Eight Days.
[From The Tribune Bureau ]
Washington,- July 4.— The navy will have
twenty-sever, rear admirals before the end of the
present year, although the personnel law contem
plates only eighteen of these officers on the active
list of th« line. The personnel law provided for
nine members of that grade with the pay and
allowance of an army brigadier general, t.nd nine
others to rank with major g-enernls.
But instead of two groups of nine there will
be enough rear admirals In the list next December
to constitute a third set of nine flag officers, all
of them "additional" numbers in the grade. This
Increase of fifty per cent is the result of that
other section of the law which provides that ad
vancement in rank of officers dv reason Of war
service shall not Interfere with the promotion of
officers otherwise entitled to promotion.
Under this arrangement all officers advanced for
*;ir ssntes have to be carried on the navy list
as "additional" to the nillllllflß or each grade to
which they, may at any time be promoted. After
that they are promoted in due coarse, contem
poraneously with and so as to take rank next after
the officer Immediately above them, but no promo
tion can be made to fill c vacancy caused by the
elimination of any of these "extra" numbers from
the navy.
Between now and January. IM9. nine rear admirals
aral be retired at the age of sixty-two era. But
the operation of the statutes governing the status
of the officers carried as "additional" M-.mbers for
war service Is such that seventeen— and not nine—
officer* will take the places of those who are soon
to < m up active service- At present there are
only two "additional" numbers In the grade, one
of them being Rear Admiral Evans, who retires
August IS without creating a vacancy, since he is
one of the "extras" advanced for war service.
Among those who will soon be retired for age
are Rear Admiral Pewits, chief of the bureau of
equipment, the brother-in-law of President Roose
velt; Rear Admiral Dayton, who has for several
years been commander in chief of the Pacific fleet;
Rear Admiral Emorr. who will be second in com
mand over the Atlantic battleship fleet as far as
Manila, and Rear Admiral John E. Pillsbury.
present chief of navigation. Rear Admiral
Thomas, who ed suddenly on July S. soon after
giving op command of the Atlantic battleship
fleet, would have been retired on October 1.
Captain Pillsbury only has the "relative" rank
of rear admiral at present through his position as
chief of the right hand bureau of taw department,
but he will reach the "actual" rank with the
retirement of Rear Admiral Clover, July 11, and
will be eligible for age retirement on December
15. Rear Admiral Clover will be the first of the
list of ten to retire. He is president of the Board
of Inspection and Survey, which has been engaged
In conducting the preliminary acceptance trials of
the new battleships and cruisers of the scout or
armored class. His retirement will make way for
the assignment of Captain Thomas C. McLean to
the presidency of that board, becoming rear ad
miral vice i"iw!es.
Although Rear Admiral Cowles Is to retire Au
frust 1. he la to have the opportunity of flying his
pennant at sea, having been designated as one of
the I:.:--; States representatives during the. ter
centenary of the founding of Quebec, and will
Fail up the St. Lawrence River on the new battle
ship New Hampshire,
Rear Admiral Thomas's death will not change
the total of rear admirals for the year. Rear
Admiral Emory, who succeeded him as second
In command. Is more fortunate, and while
he. too. will retire before the end of the year.
It does not come before the i Idle of De
cember, and he will remain with the fleet until it
reaches Manila, when his place at the head of the
second squadron will be taken by Captain
Vms and Money Sent to Aid
Conspirators to Over
throw English.
ICoryrifrht. EM by ' v » DmmUi mi Company.]
Lord Morley is a statesman renowned for his
sobriety of speech and Judgment, and nay be de
scribed as th" personification of unemotional
level headed ness. When, therefore, In his ca
pacity of Secretary of State for India he pub
licly proclaims that •■heavy clouds have suddenly
arisen on our horizon and are now sailing over
our Indian skies"; when, moreover, speaking in
.the presence of veterans of the great Sepoy
Mutiny of half a century ago. he declares that
"England has now to deal with conditions such
as the British in India were never fore called
upon to face." and adds that "strong measures
are necessary," it may safely be assumed that
the situation of affairs in King Edward's great
Oriental empire is extremely grave. it is a
crisis — Lord Horley calls it "an ugly moment" —
which is of absorbing interest to the United
States, not only because the latter may at any
moment be called upon to deal with something
very similar in the Philippines, but also owing
to the fact that the conspiracy by which the
government is confronted enamates, in tne
words of the Viceroy of India, "largely from
sources beyond the confines of India."
These sources, though Lord Mint" does not
openly say so, are not in Russia, nor in Ger
many, nor yet in Turkey, but right here in
America. This may doubtless seem surprising
to many of my readers. But several shiploads
of arms and explosives are known to have been
secretly dispatched from American ports to
points to the north of Bombay since the begin
ning of the year, while much if the money
which the revolutionists in India seem to have
at their disj>osal in considerable quantities also
comes from the United States. Some of it is
contributed by worthy people who innocently be
lieve that their subscriptions are destined to
promote the cause of native education and en
lightenment jr. India. Others, again, have been
led by stories of British mismanagement and op
pression appearing in certain magazines here
to give freely to what they understand to be a
nationalist movement in favor of something akin
to native home rule for India, in the fallacious
belief that the huge "Land of Hind." with its
teeming population of three hundred million, will
be happier and more ably governed by irrespon
sible, i!l educated and dishonest Bengalee babus
—the worst type of modern Indian— than under
the honest and sagacious administration of the
Viceroy and of the iatter's lieutenants, all men
of vast <'xi>crience and of unblemished honor,
ttm others furnish funds in the full knowledge
that they are to be used for sanguinary revolu
tion and anarchy by the natives against all
British authority in India. The latter category
of subscribers alone is prompted by bitter en
mity for England and for everything English,
and Is to be found. Englishmen assert, among
the sympathisers of the Clan-na-Gael; In fact,
for nome time past the Clan-na-Gael and cer
tain of its kindred organizations here commit
ted to hostility against Great Britain have
dcvelopo-1 a very remarkable interest in Ind
ian matters, an interest ' which has attracted
the notice of the English official we rid on both
sides of the Atlantic, especially the association
of some of the prominent members of the
anti-British organizations with the large and
ewer growing community of Indian students
living in New i ■ rfc 'or instruction. Many of
these Hindus hail from Baroda; me of them
are here at the expense of the Gaekwar of
Baroda; others are asserted to be in attendance
on one of his eons, •who is receiving his educa
• tlfia bare; and it is a noteworthy fact that the
Chief of Navigation.
Schroeder, who is now an acting rear admiral, and
by that time will be an actual possessor of that
Within the nest two weeks the first two of the
prospective retirements will take place, and they
will bring about the unusual situation of six cap
tains reaching into flag rank inside of eight days
in two groups of tnree. One of these trios of
captains is headed by Rear Admiral Plllsbury. who
will take up with him Captains Adolph Marix and
Raymond P. Kodgrers. both "additional numbers"
in the grade, on the retirement of Rear Admiral
Clover en July 11. The second trio, headed by
Captain Royal R. Tngersoll. and including Cap
tains Seaton Schroeder and Richard Wainwright,
will be promoted on the retirement of Rear Ad
miral Burwell, July IS. lngersoll was Rear Admiral
Evans's chief of staff and is now a member of the
general board. Captains Sehroeder and Wain
wright both won promotion in the Spanish war
and -were recently made acting rear admirals so
that each might command a division of the battle
ship fleet on its departure from Ban Francisco for
the Orient.
The other high retirements and promotions to
come this year in rapid succession are as follows:
Rear Admiral J. P. Merrell. president of the
Naval War <'••'>!:<>. retires on September 7, pro
moting Captain \V. J Barnette, superintendent of
the Naval Observatory.
Rear \dmiral J. H. Dayton retires on October 20,
pr-in..t!ng Captain J. D. Adams, New York Navy
Rear Admiral A. R. Couden. president of the
Naval Examining and Retiring Board, retires on
October SO. promoting <'aptairs G. Blocklinger and
W. P. Pottt«*r. _
R-p.r Admiral J. E. Fillsbury retires on December
15. promoting Captains G. B. Harber. N. E. Mason
and N. E. Miles. .
Rpar \dmiral W. H. Emory retires on December
17, promoting Captain C. P. Perkins.
Oaekwar of Baroda, who spent several months
in visiting th? United States with the Maharanee
about two years ago. is. though outwardly most
correct in his attitude toward England, known
to be at ii.art- imbued with sentiments of th<>
most intense animosity toward the British, and
regarded by Mv<se in a position to know as one
of the most active factors In the creation of the
present crisis.
In this connection it may not be out of place
to point out that only a few weeks ago a bomb
factory and an actual college for giving in
struction in the art of murdering foreigners
were discovered in a suburb of Calcutta, in the
house Of a Bengalee babu who had been gradu
ated from the University of Cambridge at the
expense of the Gaekwar of Baroda, and who had
spent several years in his service, occupying a
position of rank and confidence in his household,
before establishing himself two years ago at
Calcutta. Only a few days before the descent
of the police upon this balm's house, with the
arrest of Us owner and the seizure of explosives
and a large quantity of arms and all sorts of
incriminating correspondence and literature, a
bomb was thrown at a carriage in which Mrs.
and Miss Pringle Kennedy, the wife and the
daughter of an English official of rank, were
driving at Muzaffarpur. both of the women and
their coachman succumbing to the shocking in
juries received; while the Lieutenant Governor
of Bengal, Sir Andrew Fraser, escaped by a
miracle from the attempt to assassinate him
by blowing up the special railroad train in
which he was travelling, pieces of the rails and
sleepers shattered by the bomb being subse
quently sold quite openly for hundreds of rupees
to native sympathizers with the conspirators.
Attacks on Europeans are indeed the order of
the day. Almost every dispatch from India
brings rh< account of some new outrage per
petrated by native? on Europeans — English
man beaten to death in bazaars, of English
women insulted and pelted with stones and with
offal while riding through the streets. Only last
Sunday many of the American dally papers
published pictures of Englishmen being attacked
by natives in one of the most frequented thor
oughfares of Benares; while cable dispatches
printed the same day under an Indian date line
described how extraordinary measures are being
adopted for the protection of Lord Minto, Lord
Kitchener and other high officials from assassi
nation—their destruction being constantly invited
by native speech and picture and print— in fact,
by every possible means that can be devised by
the ringleaders of the conspiracy.
Even this does not begin to convey the true
situation of affairs in India. The conspiracy
which styles itself '"the National Volunteers"
has local branches in almost every town and
village, where natives art» being trained in the
use of sticks, swords and firearms by profes
sional instructors, who likewise act as distrib
uting agents of arms, money, literature and di
rections. Everyw-here revolt is being preached
against the English, and everywhere the Volun
teers are pushing a boycott against those who
use or sell British goods, or v.-ho maintain friend
ly relations with English officials, and. as admit
ted hy the able Calcutta correspondent of "The
London Tirr.cs," thfie is no deadlier weapon that
can be employed against the Hindu than a so
cial boycott, which reduces Its victim to t!:e
status of a pariah. Means adopted to check
the movement so far have been quite ineffectual.
When British officials or their Moslem subjj
terns have endeavored to investigate matters
they have found themaeives unable to obtain
evidence, witnesses being afraid or unwilling to
come forward; In fact, the provincial adminis
tration is In a measure reduced to a state of lm
Who died Friday, and wa«
to be retired in October.
Season Formolhf Begins with Open
ing of Sherry Casino.
Narragrar.Fett Pier, R. 1.. July 4— This week saw
the opening- of the Sherry Casino at old Narragan
sett. and the formal opening of the season. It was
an auspicious affair and was participated in by
hundreds who arrived at tho Pier by incoming trains
and automobiles to spend the "Glorious Fourth."
The larpost numter seen at the beach thus far this
season gathered at the fashionable bathing hour,
from 11:30 to 12:30 o'clock, and after this the mem
bers of the cottage colony, together with a lfirge
number of hotel patrons, sought the Casino. Here
there were more than a score of private luncheon
parties and a concert by the orchestra, with Jules
Rosenberg, of New York, conducting.
The holiday went out in a •'blaze of glory" with
a full dress hop. the first of the season, in the ball
room of the Casino. In the hotel life at the Pier
the Mathewson has been conspicuous during the
last week. More than two hundred arrivals came
in at the week-end and made things exceedingly
lively at this hotel. During the last week also two
hundred Knights Templar from Boston made the
Mathewson their rendezvous.
The Mathewsnn orchestra arrived during the
week, with August Wagner, conductor.
Among the late arrivals at the hotel for the sea
son are Mrs. Marshall J. Allen, of New York, and
her niece. Miss Frances Gornryck; also Mr.
Charles Preston, of New York, and Dr. and Mrs.
J. J. Lawrence, of St. Louis.
Late arrivals at the Imperial for the season in-
potency. The conditions under which British
officials live and work make them the easy prey
of the assassin. They move about unattended.
They sleep in unguarded houses. The number of
Europeans outside presidency towns, cities and
cantonments is microscopic; perhaps a dona or
less scattered over a district with a population
of a million or more. If their native servants
and staff are paralyzed by intimidation, their
own means of action Is crippled. If they them
selves are wounded or killed, the entire adminis
tration In the district is for the moment at *
standstill. Then, too. there are thousands of
miles of open railroad, spanning great rivers,
with unDrotected bridges at the mercy of the
dynamiter, as well as telegraph wires that In
vite the attention of any disaffected native, and
as no wireless service has as yet been established
in India the severance of communication by wire
or by rail could he easily and rapidly accom
plished and but slowly redressed. Before help
could reach outlying districts a whole country
side might be a scene of panic, revolt and rapine.
When it Is added that in the face of this evi
dence of the inability of the government to pun
ish sedition, to repress the ever growing activ
ity of the so-called National Volunteer move
ment and to bring to Justice the perpetrators of
outrages upon English jj life and property, the
people am rapidly losing their respect lor order
elude Mr. and Mra. Harry La Montagne, of New
York; Justice and Mrs. Jo^ph McKenna, cf Wash
ington, and Mrs. William H. Jackson, of Nashville,
Dr. and Mrs. Joseph L*!<Jy, of Philadelphia, «r
rlved at thflr villa, Belvolr on the Rocks, during
the lost week.
William P. Ward, of New York, is occupying h!s
villa hare.
Miss Dorothy Randolph, daughter of P. 8. P.
Itandolph. president of tha Point Judith Country
Club, Is the guest of Miss Sloane at her country
house at Cedarhurst, Umk Island.
Dr. J. D. Emmet, of New York, will spend the
summer at the Massasolt with his family.
Resort Xoxc Settles Dotvn to Regu
lar Summer Routine.
Newport, R. 1.. July 4.-Wlth the passing of July
4 Newport will settle down to the regular summer
routine among its summer guests. Its certainly
was a glorious Fourth this year, for besides the
celebration by the city proper there were plenty
of firecrackers and skyrocket? In the cottage colony.
Every young child of the summer residents had hH
or her quota of fireworks, the same, as any child
in the city, Rnd there was a popping of torpedoes
and firecrackers during the whole day In the cot
tage, oolony. After darkness had set in rockets
went into the air and showered balls of varied col
ored tire over the summer residences at frequent in
tervals to the enjoyment of the older persons as
well as the young.
The principal ones in the celebrating line were
little William Henry Vanderbilt. son of Mrs. Alfred
G. Vanderbilt. and John Nicholas Brown, son of
Mrs. John Nicholas Brown, one of the richest lads
in the country. As both live In what is called the
Halldon Hill district, this section of the cottage
colony was the principal scene of celebration, and
the display was enjoyed as much by the towns
people as by those who were setting oft" the fire
The Fourth also saw tht real opening of the en
tertaining season in Newport. There was more en
tertaining yesterday than on any day since the
Newport season opened last year. Mr. and Mrs.
Reginald C. Vanderbiit are entertaining a house
party at Sandy Point Farm. In Portsmouth, while
Mrs. Alfred G. Vanderbilt Is entertaining another
heiisp party at Harbom view. Both, of course, en
tertained at dinner last night in honor of their
guests. Besides these dinners, which drew heavily
from the membership of the summer guests. Mr.
and Mrs. E. J. Berwlnd entertained at dinner at
the Elms, and James J. Van A.en was another
and authority, it will be realized that the situa
tion is. as I have mentioned above, "extremely
Lord Ourzon, In a recent after-dinner speech
In Londjn, Intimated that while the population
of India amounted to over 30d.006.00*, the pres
ent movement probably did not extend to more
than one-sixth, that Is to say. to barely 50,000.
000. But he added that there was always the
danger that "some great wave of racial feeling
might be aroused which might destroy the bal
ance of the reason of the remaining 250,000,000
and sweep them Into the cause of disorder." It
is to this racinl reeling, referred to by Lord
Crrn:or in Parliament in terms of such solemn
varnlr.g;. that the native leaders or the National
Volunfer ino\i-ment— many of them English
and American university graduates— ap
pealing it is said, with considerable success.
The Oriental mind la difficult to fathom or to
follow. Lord Cromer. Lord Curzon and Sir
Robert Hart, indeed, all those great statesmen
and administrators who have won fame by long
service in the East, are united In declaring that
the more the white man learns of Asia, the
more convinced does he become of the hopeless
ness of his ever being able to comprehend the
Oriental mind, or to deduce from *Ttx*& premise*
dinner ho«t. The afternoon was not slighted, for
there were several luncheon parties, and besides
Mrs. James P. Kernochan save her usual Fourth
of July reception at her summer home, this being
an annual custom. with Mrs. Keraocnan.
The Newport Clambake Club opened yesterday
fer the season with its first bake and annual
meeting, and the Newport Golf Club held its first
ntatch on the club links.
The arrival during the week of James J. Van
Alen from Canada for a visit of a few weeks with
his son and daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. James
Laurens Van Alen, caused quite a. little activity
among the social set. When it was flnt announced
early In the summer that Mr. Van Alen was to
ccme to Newport It was hoped that he would stay
in the city long enough to open Wakehurst. but as
his visit Is only for a few weeks he will not open
his summer home* and is therefore making his
home with his son.
There has been the usual number of arrivals and
guests in the cottage colony during the week, and
Newport la fast filling up for the summer. Miss
Helen Taft, daughter of ex-Secretary of War Taft.
was -included in the Newport guests during the
week. She paid, a visit to Miss Roelker. daughter
of William G. Roelker. at Hawxhurst. where early
In the week a son was born to Mrs. Roelk-r. Both
mother and baby are doing well, and Mrs. Roelker
has been besieged with floral tokens from, her
friends In the cottage colony.
The arrival of Mrs. Barger-Wallach Is awaited In
Newport, for as soon as she arrives it Is thought
that she will begin to prepare for the season of
afternoon teas at the Casino. The Improvements
that have been under way at this place have been
practically completed and everything Is In readiness
for the summer rush.
For the last two or three summers the Casino
has rather dropped In popularity among the sum
mer residents for Sunday evening dinners, but the
changes that have been made In the grill rooms, on
the suggestion of one of the prominent cottagers.
are hoped to have the desired effect of again mak
ing the place the scene of many Sunday evening
dinner parties during the concerts.
Block Island, July 4.— This season at Block Island
promises to be a good one. There are more people
booked for July and August at the various hotels
at this time than for several years. Nearly all
the available cottages are rented, and applications
are still coming in.
The following are the hotel arrivals:
Manisses Hotel-Mr, and Mrs. W. K. TVheaUey.
of New York; Mrs. B. C. Addison, of Crawford.
N. J.; Miss Dorothy Wheatley. of Westfield. N. J.:
Nathan Sackett and G. J. Goosen, of New York;
Fred H. Wall, of Hartford. Conn.; William R. Mc-
Neil and Miss Grace E. McNeil, of Norwich. Conn. ;
Miss Rena E. Hemenway. of Andover. Mass.; Mrs
Louis Casper. Mrs. Alfred Stooms. Mrs. A. E.
Jones. Mrs. Marie St»adman, Miss Margaret Don
ne'.lan. Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Purdy and C. B^r'.ing
ham. of New York; Mrs. L. TV. Clark. Jr.. of
Staten Island; G. M. Plnney. of New York; Mrs.
Mary Donnelly. Miss Agnes Donnelly and Miss
Elinor Donnelly, of Newark. N. J. ; Miss B. C.
Hamblln, of Brooklyn; Miss Anna Chalmers,
George F. Berbank. A. B. Tainter and Miss Bertha
Hunter, of New York: Fred H. Wall, of Hartford,
National Hotel— J. W. "Whelplay. of Washington:
Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Esray, Mr. and Mrs. Mol
zacher, J. A. Sweeney, F. W. Storer. S. S. Thomp
son and A. S. Thompson, of New York.
Ocean View Hotel— Mrs. J. H. Butler, of t'tlca.,
N. V. : Mrs. C. A. Spring, of Chicago: Mrs. W. R.
Jennlson, of Atlanta; Mr. and Mrs. Reidel, of New
Surf Hotel— Mr. and Mrs. W. Toir.pkliw, of New
York: Misa A. G. Claff. of Boston; Mr. and Mrs.
William Wilson, of Newark, K. J.
Spring House— Mrs. Hagen and the Misses Hagen.
of New York.
what would appear to Occidental reason the
only lojrlcal conclusion. English people who
have Bred all their lives in India give graphic
descriptions of sudden and wholly unaccount
able waves of feeling sweeping over the native
community among which they have dwelt for
decades, *>n terms of mutual good will and
friendly acquaintance; how in a single night,
r.ay. sometimes within the space of a few hours.
the sentiments regarding them would undergo
such a sudden change that, whereas in the
morning when they had passed through the
crowded bazaars they had felt themselves among
friends, they would on returning at dusk
through the same thoroughfares be imbued with
the knowledge that they were not only among
absolute strangers, but among enemies. Such
sudden changes as these preceded the great
Indian Mutiny of 18«'7, and now they are once
more being reported from English communities
all over the peninsula.
Lord Mlnto and his council at Calcutta have,
with the approval of Lord Morley. the Secretary
of Stato for India in London, recently enacted
special laws for the punishment, but only after
due trial, of the publishers of seditious liter
ature and of all those found selling or harbor
ing explosives without the license and conse
quent close supervision of the government. But
these measure?, which have excited the utmost
denunciation among socialists and ultra-Radical
circles in England, are destined, in the opinion
of all veteran Anglo-Indians, to prove wholly
lnadequi'e. and in spite of Lord Morley's denial
on Wednesday last of any intention to sanction
the proclamation of martial law. a temporary
Rispension of the ordinary processes of Juris
prudence admitting the adoption of extraordi
nary measures la regarded out in India as In
evitable. Only by such means wouiu it be pos
sible to reach the large class of dangerous and
subtle schemes in which the oriental Is an
expert, such as conspiring to refuse payment of
taxes, the boycotting si Europeans and of their
servants, as well as of all English wares, the
Intimidation and ostracism of native officials of
high and low degree, the organization of strike*
of railway and postal services, and last, but not
least, tho preaching cf s«dit!on. For unless tins
latter is accompanied by specific suggestions of
crimes of violence, it is not under the existing
laws of India punishable by the authorities.
I may mention hero. Incidentally, that the
Japanese are taking such extensive advantage
of the ever-increastns boycott of English man
ufacture? by the satires In India to bring in
their own wares, and to supplant their English
allies In the market, as to give rise to an Im
pression that the Pan-Asiatic element in Dai
Nippon, at any rate, has some hand in the
National Volunteer movement, prompted by eco
nomic rather than political considerations.
There is no proof of this. • But it cannot be
denied U»t jGoclaafa Aifflomlfy. U Jw«a i pa*
Hygefa Hotel— Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Ptteril»
Brltton and Edward W. Van:, Jr., of N«ir Tori -
Vail Cottages— Mrs. Albert L. Nash tad J
Dorothy O. Nash, of 'New York; lUr{ ('r
Mary Morris and Miss Lizzie Kennedy, <>f BnS*»
lyn; Mrs. Dill F. Putnam and Miss Edith ?~it*^
of Passaic N. J.
Alexander Boannan, United States District ft^<
of Georgia, and family have arrived at t;i«|j^?
tage at Green Hi!! for the summer.
Everet D. Barlow and family, of >."->w Tors, »>
at their cottage at the South Cliffs. *
Mr. and Mrs. James A. Kehlbeck. of >;»» t-^
are at their cottage at the western part of^
Island. . ' • .
Dr. G. H. Olrdner and family, or New Tor*.
here at their cottage at Crescent Beacli for 2
season. **
Howard Slade and family, of New Tork, h.zy% £
rived the Mansion for the simmer.
George Junior Republics Spreads
to Other States and Nation*.
That Great Britain Is to-day about to adopt ft§ j
her wayward boys and girls democratic Prt3£«- I
borrowed from this country and state « ti,' i
George Junior Republic was declare! by o£c*,M
of that organization In this city yesterday, yrs,
hundreds of friends of the little comrnonweaUi » I
Freeville are preparing to go there next w^,
for a reusing celebration of Independence Dll 7 ;
Its thirteenth anniversary. Mrs. Rose Barri , '
sailing back to her countrymen in F.r.«!and *ft^ j
reports on the American Junior republic. On 94 \
basis of her study of this small land of tie ft^ j
It Is believed England will scon pattern th» r^ !
mation of her youth after the Yankeo plan. , ;
For almost a month th» English wotnsa ■
been at FTe«vi:ie, wh-re arisen years ago WU
lam R. George began to work out his idea of \u ]
ting stray youngsters set themselves right as*
a mfnlatur* form of American self-goveracest!
In a set of voluminous notes of her cbserrattai
and talks with "Daddy" George. Mrs. Barr«:J
taking back from Temskma County to Great BAi
am a record of the wonders which tha resjeaif
bility of citizenship can work m boys and jW
who have started wrong. An Influential cir:> ci
English philanthropists, who hay» hearl of tt<
George Junior Republic, ar- preparing to adosi|
similar system across the water.
While England will take the Fourth of :tt
to consider the adoption of this successful Xxtr*
can scheme, a good old-fashioned celebration si
be carried out by the young "citizens" cr ' ■'•• «l»t
inal boy an.l fdrl republic and th»!r --nail
Freeville. After the birth cf the greater rejaN
has been commemorated fcv the youngster* ■
adult sponsors for the spreadinsr movement si
hold their flrst deliberations on the sew nadßi
plan o* young republics, which !s perhaps so !a(
important Is the budding boy an i girl safe
than the signing of the Declaration of Isdn
New York is destined to h«» the Plymouth Sad
of this new Juvenile United States, which tt i
hoped may furnish to every state In th* did
union a George Junior RepuM:c to malts M
citizens out of otherwise incorrlglh!e soys •
girls. California. Maryland and Connecticut wi
already followed the lead cf the Empir* *sSj
and their flourishing republic!* will -^nstitßlil
criminal states In the new nation of younsSW
Pennsylvania. New Jersey, Illir.cis "-1 MssßSßi
setts are reported to be to-da7 negotiating ■ jei^j
the little union with Junior republics of their e**j
while a dozen other states are arjiious to PM* 0 "!
the same means for straightening out their jo^ll
folks that New York has enjoyed for ft 4*4
years. jl
porrunity, and that Japanese traders *?■& &9\
anese goods are swarming all over Hindustan
What is perhaps the most serious eattn»4
all in the present situation in India is £4
there is no prospect of any improvement l*j
deed, the outlook is extremely soisbr?. E3V
land has since the great mutiny of fifty **■"!
ago sought to uplift the native, by seass^
education; has made, in fact. th<» •nfls"' 1 !
ment and the instruction of tne native oc» '
its principal alms. It is quite as difficult SJj
the Oriental to fathom the Occidental icis^M
it is for us to comprehend that of "* Aia»
and the result of this policy cf ..serfs*"!
education has been the inculcation of "•**
freedom and of equality which are In *•**
contradiction to the principles of the "*» 1—
acy of the white man over the native, **
which the rule of England in India '- 9 erf?
based. Moreover, instead of bridging tSB 0
between the Indian a:-. '. the Englishman SM
social sense, it has increased its width and "2
phasized the impossibility of its being brt *j
And. whereas here, and even i:i Kr.gland, V
lans are treated with the utmost distinction y
on a footing of perfect social equality, * A
they return to India they fled tfceffi»_
barred from all social intercourse "^tasil
white man. and excluded, not ir.erely as e^
bers. but even as guests, from evert ~^M
man's club. It b» to this refusal of Use l 3
government, of English officials and of the .
ish military and civilian population 3 L*
recognize the equality, either political cr s*-J
of the native, no matter what hla " "* of
his education, that much cf "■'■• preseB *."^
tlonal Volunteer movement in India |**j^j
it Is a significant fact that its rizS> - e s *
India are men who have received their
tion at English and American schools a-^
versifies, some of them even being nieO
the English bar. ''♦»*•'
England relies largely. In Us eSot^_ ia tf (
with the present crisis, upon the lOf9^^
support of the Moslem population, of tne %t% t
ofilcials and of the Moslem troops "Jy $g&
mains to be seen whether these wOU^ (i tsi
loyal in the face of instructions J**y£gd
from the Sultan of Turkey and the Gr * i \
of Mecca. In 1857. at the time ol '-*^
Mutiny, when India, was saved toy '^ ,3*
loyalty of Its Moslem troops and Mosl**^
England had Just been fighting &* -^
War in behalf of the Sultan of rKiWT \ i _, ■*■
regarded throughout the M."!"-'"- *l^&f*&
beat friend and protector of Islam. § i^M
friendship no longer exists. En^taa tJJJ
ered by the Sultan a dangerous -** -^0 J
an ally. John Buli\<» place as ***££&?
Islam has been taken by the **V' l ! 4» I
word is all powerful at Constantino* e^|
we are to believe such acknowledge *
In Moslem politics and Oriental an *
eminent Professor Vambrey and otn- t
require only a word from the mta AM
all Moslem loyalty throu*=out W>~*jg|
l*r+ enmity to Qreat Britain ~**r*^--*'

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