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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, July 05, 1908, Image 53

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Gunda. the Elephant: Pipe, the
Hippo, and the Rhinoce
ros TeJk It Over.
"Well. I see the new elephant house will be
reedy for ue this fall," said Gunda,the financier
of the New Y-ork Zoological Park, counting the
pennies In his bank with trunk's end.
— -•« the swellest building in the park. too, ob
*K^d Pete, the hippo. "I Just love those frtexes
«nd facades." .
"Quit ehowin' off. Pete." grunted the two-horned
African rhinoceros. "You heard those sculpture
fellows talking that way while they was modelling
our high brows for posterity to look at. but you
don't know what they mean."
"I beg your pardon. My bead Is certainly in the
frieze." said Pete coldly.
•And where Is It?" retorted the rhino. "Along
with the tapir, where folks don much notice It.
They couldn't put a face like yours in a prominent
position, like they got me and my distinguished
side partner from India. We're plumb in the centre
above the main north and south entrances."
-You chaps make me laugh." said the African
elephant, scratching his ear with his hind foot.
•The house is built most specially for us elephants
and they got two sculptures of our heads, trunks
an' tusks on the sides of both entrances."
•My heads were done by the celebrated sculptor,
A- P proctor, who sculped the monkey house and
birdhouse and lionhouse," said Gunda.
"Yes. he has the name." admitted the African,
"but I say that Charley Knight has put more
action into my trunk, which looks like it was reach
ing for a bag of peanuts, and my ears Is certainly
•Director Hornaday tells me the building cost
the city $117,599, without the yards and fences, which
will be $50.00 plunks mere." said Gunda, the finan
cier. "It is a monumental structure, built entirely
of brick and. Indiana limestone, dominating the
other houses and set in a splendid grove of oaks
ana hickories. If we didn't know that the bunch
of us arc valued at $50,000, which is more than the
same number of average human beings are worth,
alive or dead, we'd fee! shy about living in such
a palace."
■ No apologies from me." piped Congo, the African
baby elephant. "The scientists cail me a type
specimen." and I'm written up in the books as the
u-ili-eared West African. They used to make
fun sf me when I had a spell of bolls and had to
■rear netent boots for weak ankles, but now that
I ■ healthy and strong, thanks to 'Doc' Blair, and
my pedi? I"**1 "** hae been discovered, everybody treats
ir.e right, and you bet I'm not too modest to move
fejta the new shack." _
"Boasting Is a detestable habit of wild beasts,"
■aid the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, gravely,
"ret I feel It my duty to tell you all that I'm
about the rarest bird in this outfit. T.'ntil they
got me. iaet year, there hadn't been one of my kind
in the market for ten years. His royal highness
the Maharajah of Nepaul got up a special hunt
with thousands of shikaris, and captured Ju«t four
of us. one of whom I have the honor to be which."
"Give us some details about the new house,
Gnnda," eaid Pete, the hippo. "You're good on
flgnree "
Mjsr HK.r.r colored
Keepers of the Bronx Zoological
Garden Tell Some of Their
# Experiences.
What an» the dangers of handling wild animals
In the Bronx Zoological Park? So many tales of
high eoler have been printed regarding deadly con
flicts between men and snakes, tigers and bears,
that the modest keepers hesitate to say anything
en the subject. Perhaps some of them don't want
their families to be frightened, and others feel
the Injustice of libelling harmless reptiles and four
footed beast* It Is generally the wrong animal
whose ferocity is exploited In the public prints.
Moreover, danger Is a comparative Term. A me
chanic ignores the peril of whirring machinery in
a power house, and an animal keeper doesn't
think much of what might happen if he gave, too
food ■■ oppcrtuntiy to claw or fang. There are
precautions -f habit. The ugly or tricky beast is
watched In routine. If a keeper relaxed his usual
care he might be seriously hurt. The if a occur
■» ••• extreme rarity.
When Keeper Toomer, In the presence of a Trib
tine rain, -••<•-> the back door of a rattlesnake
cag* and gently prodded the diamond-backed rep
til" with a *hov«»l until the creature raised Itself
to a striking- position and the dry volley of Ha
rattlps so-:nded like two dozen prickets in chorus,
their T?tm*v3 to be a lot of danger in the neigh
borhood. Mr. Rattler's eyes had the fighting fury,
his p:r.k tongue shot out -with nervous longing, and
perhaps in another second he would have lunged
?oruar<s at the human enemy. The visitor did not
feel at all comfortable, for he was not a war
corre*i.on<ient nor a volunteer of science, to try
out a. enak* antitoxin. It appeared to be a dan
gerous rcFition— a foolhardy experiment. Yet the
keeper ■•:!>• had judged the amount of peril
to a njrety. and only touched up the rattler as
far a5 it was safe to to. He knew when and how ,
far the Fnake would jump. Just before that point
was reached he shut the door. The rattling died
sway in a buzz like a run down alarm clock.
■"Come on— we'll touch up the cobra,** said the
reptile v -- "v-
Ifcc visitor declined to stand at the back this
time. There was, perhaps, ■ moral thought that !
It was cruel to tantalize the cobra, and besides \
Curator Ditmars had labelled this reptile as mostly
responsible for twenty-five thousand deaths a year
in Ir.dia. True, there was the Pasteur anti-venom
"rum available in the curator's office, along with
■•*■ and other instruments to cut out wounds.
Permanganate of potash, whiskey and other anti
dotes, but the view was good enough through the ■
glass front of the cage. The cobra showed him- j
se;f to b» an even more sensitive and high strung
*Pirit than the rattler when the cold iron of the '
shovel tickled his back. He rose up, expanding :
fc!s yeilowish spotted hood that seemed to contain
Klarir.g 'yes of hatred. The long fleshy bonnet be- !
came taut. Hi» tongue played like a rapier as he !
darted forward repeatedly at the keeper. A furi- |
ous hiss, loud as that of an able bodied rat. Bounded
*Ith ■a i. forward lunge. He came closer to the ;
can, doubtless expecting to reach him somewhat
anaw« ■•■ B::t the keeper ended th«» duel at the
rifffct reomer.t. knowing the cunning of the cobra, i
He had not opened the door until he- had seen !
Ihnwjb a glass i>e?phole where the snake was ;
tut ere amusement are the inmates of the ]
tt-ptile house constantly handled by the keepers. I
■BM of them lack appetite and must be forcibly
'** at interval s, while most of them need assistance
•• six weeks In the process of shedding their
•kins. The great regal python of Borneo, twenty
four Jeet long and thick a* a man's leg. with yel
•*»lih brown marking* and beautifully Iridescent
•eaier h*j never eaten voluntarily Curing the four
'•*-*• of his captivity. Once la ten days occurs his
«Si«4al«4 feeding time. Two keepers enter his
°**«, throw a blanket over him and fall flat en
**• •qulrmlng folds. Then one of them feels for his •
**2. grabs it. and hands It to a line of ten men I
fa tte corridor. The great reptile Is pulled out
••only like a length of hose, and the dozen men
"te all they can do to hold and carry him into the
•^aing Ms, The head man has the" hardest Job,
*« the python Is most powerful in the neck. He
■ *!*■*>'* writhing, and the strain on the wrists
c * *• nien is Intense. He Boat b<_- held in an
*"*lttly straight line, co his dinner will go down
■■*•« meeting kinks. The dinner, consisting of
two dressy rabbits tied at th« end of a twelve- j
001 pole, is ritmmed down his throat. The pole
y** U shoved all the way to reach the stomach,
t * c * a » hU throat alone is six feet lone
._.*** «om« time ago that the big- python man- ,
"**4 la ntIMM fcia»»»iX florin* Urn t—CU>* »*«*• '
"I hear they got a ssfe deposit vault for Gunda—
haw. haw," chortled the African rhino. "He takes
so many pennies from babies he can't epend 'em
"Go on, you're Jealous of a legitimate business
success," replied the financier. "The architecture
of the' new structure, as far as I can mak* out,
is of the zoological renaissance style. It Is one
storied. 156 feet long and 78 feet wide, with a lord
ly rotunda In the centre. You call it a rotunda
on the inside and a dome on the outside. The
dome is 76 feet high, composed of solid tiling and
outwardly adorned with ornaments of blue, orange,
green and white glazed tiles. Perheps they call
this faience. There are ample window spaces
around the dome to let in light, while the smoke
stack of an independent heating plant -is cunningly
concealed in a slender cupola. The' cages, or I
should say apartments, are extraordinarily spa
clous, and ranged around the sides of the Interior.
Each one has a useful as well as ornamental
dado of chilled steel upon walls of Roman mottled
brick. It would be wise for us not to kick the
dado. A skylight, 8 by it feet, insures each apart
ment plenty of illumination. The double doors
leading inte separate yards are of four-inch oak.
tion enough to coil around the legs of Keepers
Snyder and Toomey. He might have crushed their
bones if they had not been speedily rescued. Once
the snake actually escaped from the men and
roamed around the dining room until the keepers
took breath and nabbed him again all together. It
takes less muscle and more care to handle the
poisonous snakes. Two men are generally enough
to feed the eight-foot rattler, or assist the water
moccasin shed his old ekin. A forked stick
catches the reptile behind the head, then one man
seizes the dangerous end and the other keeper
calmly "pe^s off the dead skin by hand. Some
times a snake doesn't know enough to soak Itself
in water for skin shedding and has to be dipped
in a pall. The intelligent reptile, after soaking,
climbs through the crotches of a tree set in his
cage and thus rubs off the old epidermis. The
Brazilian lancehead viper, which secured so much
notoriety recently, is being regularly "milked" of
his poison and forcibly fed with a live frog every
three or four days. The dark colored water moc
casin also has the honor of being "milked." The
gopher and king snakes are large but harmless
reptiles who appreciate the attentions of their
keepers and seem to enjoy being massaged of their
dead skin. The boas and rock pythons, favorites
of enake charmers, behave nicely when they are
frequently handled: otherwise they become wild.
There is Borne treachery in the make-up of the
eighteen-foot regal python, who lies In wait in his
cage ready to lunge at the keeper when the back
door is opened. He can't poison, but he could
knock a man down with the Impact of his horny
"Yes. the deer are more dangerous and treacher
ous than people think." said John Quinn. the deer
l lee p^ r "it's the males that are bad in the breed
ing e-ason, when their horns are full grown, and
the females when they have young. Between the
two sexes, each ugly about half the year, it makes
a man Jump to get along with a whole skin.
There's a mule deer from British Columbia, not a
big fellow, but he knocked me down right In this
yard and kept me there for several minutes try
ing to run his horns through me. Then Keeper
Toomey came along and grabbed him by the horns,
and we both clubbed him into temporary submis
sion. Nothing can really cure 'em when they have
the ugly fit on.
"The elk are bad customers. You can see how
that tin water pipe was ripped off the stable roof
it was done by a crazy buck. Stanley, a sir-year
old elk, act«> very pleasant now, but once he
turned on me behind that gate, and I smashed a
heavy pine club on his skull without stopping him.
1 had to beat It to the stnbi*. We have to put
Btanlef in solitary confinement from October to
March. He'll even wreck ;i tin water pail if you
leavi- it in his stall. Tiie bucks would kill one
another if we allowed them together In the breed
ing season. The females have no horns, but they
can use their hoofs, and It's remarkable how they
stick together In attacking what they consider a
common enemy. I was chased around a tree by
three females at once, and, though I had a club, I
was jlad enough to reach the fence and get
over It."
Mr. Quinn blew a blast on a child's wooden
bugle to summon the herd of elk that were clus
tered around the shady hillside. Some of the
bucks came slowly forward at the food signal,
while the females moved only f to get between
their young and the approaching visitors. The
bucks were not in a fighting mood, for their ant
lers were still in "velvet." but the mothers of
wab'.l -legged little elk made up for It by their
militant suspicion and pugnacity. The mothers
even tyrannize over the males- at this tine pf
year, said the keeper, taking revenge for m.ia::i
line brutality la the mating season. When Lie
keeper closely approached the wire fence oi, an
other side of the raji,{.-, a large eyed. Innocent
looking mother followed his movements and made
a. etartlingly sudden dash at him. Only the heavy
fence stopped her valiant attack.
The lnclosur* ef the European red tear r»
n It tit thM k—TTI «• !■ ««»««— *«-«»»«^ <— aka
strayed in to get a drink at the pond. The entire
herd of deer chased the dog and stamped on him
with their sharp hoofs, so that he barely escaped
with his life. Not far from this lnclosure the
visitor was Introduced to the champion of all
dangerous and ugly deer, a seven-year-old horse
tailed Sambar from India. This buck has never
shed his antlers, which consist of two small and
two large sharp prongs. His horns are regularly
sawn off and he Is kept in solitary confinement
most of the time. His horsey tail and coarse
brown hair filled with mud gave him an untidy,
disreputable appearance. The mere sight of hu
man beings caused the long hair on his neck tr>
rise, his ears flew back, he gritted his teeth with
an ugly Jaw twist and a very audible sound. He
snorted wrathfully. As soon as the chance seemed
good to hurt some one he quickly jabbed his
prongs through the wires of the double fence.
The keeper was unable to empty the watering
trough and give the animal fresh water until the
visitor had decoyed him some distance away. The
buck was glad to follow anybody in the hope of
Impaling him through the wires. In the breeding
season the bucks not only fight among themselves
but sometimes injure the females. It was an
Altai buck who in a fit of jealousy ripped a doe
up the stomach. Dr. Blair, the zoo veterinarian,
took fourteen stitches in the wound and saved
the patient's life.
"The bears are all right If you watch >m," said
"Al" Ferguson, the bear keeper. "Two of us go
into their cages twice a day to clean 'em out, and
we don't carry anything for protection except a
pair of pick handles. One man always keeps an
eye out for the other man's back, because the
brutes walk soft and you'd never hear them be
hind you. If they're asleep in their dens and you
come into their cage and go too rear their dens
they may rush out at you. They don't like to be
disturbed when taxing a nap. We go into
their dens to clean 'em out after seeing they're
not inside. ' They're in their worst temper in the
breeding season, the months of May. June and
July. The fathers mostly kill the babies. We
haven't had any serious trouble since 'Zip' Slush
er, who works in the small deer house now. was
crippled three years ago by a Syrian bear we had.
The bear grabbed his !»-g- and tore it. Bears fight
a lot among themselves, especially the European
and Asiatic brown bears, which are together. Now
watch that big Alaskan stand up about seven feet
In his stockings and make believe to box. Some
folks think he's a ball player, but he got that
fiom imitating me throwing loaves of bread and
meat into his cage. He makes that for a grub
There was excitement in the outdoor alligator
pool at this time. A six-foot 'gator caught a little
one in his jaws, and would not let go, although
harried by a keeper's spiked pole. There was such
a mix-up of scaly tails and monstrous jaws that
the tragic finish of the little one could not be told
until most of the water had been drained from
the pool. The keeper in hip boots fearlessly stood
amid the congregation of hideous saurlans, wash-
Ing down the rocky walls of the pool with a hose.
They marched past him and in front of him by
twos and threes, like a Noachian procession. When
the dead body of the little one was found the
keeper gave the murderer a few kicks of moral
purport. The unrepentant reptile answered with a
threat of ghastly teeth, whereupon he received a
prodding with the spiked pole. He might easily
have grabbed the keeper by the leg, and when a
'gator once grabs he doesn't quit, but the animal
decided to be good. The oldest and biggest alli
gator, who 13 blind In one eye. seemed to be on
friendly terms with the keeper and allowed him
self to be petted on his rldced tail as be slowly
clambered out < f the pool. a big 'gator in ii,<- rep
tile house la shy one foreleg, which he lost in com
but with another of his kind some time ago.
Willie (studying- geography)— Bay, pa, what Is a
strait? -
Absent Mlnds4 Pa~-Jnaa> tea, Jack, two. lUbsv*
lined with quarter-Inch steel plate, fastened by
three steel channel bars sliding into wall grooves.
The doors weigh 750 pounds. I wouldn't advise
any of you to try to butt through them. And you
needn't duck your heads when the doors are open,
because they're more than eleven feet high. We
shall enjoy the luxury of being heated by a hot
water system, though I don't know whether bath
tubs will be provided, except for the hippo and
the tapirs. Pete has a swimming tank 22 by 24 feet
and W4 feet deep, with a flight of concrete steps
leading into it. Thank goodness, this isn't Asbury
Park, so he don't have to worry about the cut
of his bathing suit. All the cages have iron bars
two and a half Inches thick, and each one weighs
17S pounds. I wish we had screens so we could
shut out tne fool visitors sometimes and get a
little privacy. But we elephants at least are pro
tected from doing anything rash by getting at
tached to anchors that are imbedded in four feet
of stone and concrete. There are four large «le
phant cages on the south side, two small ones on
Crowd* Still Arriving — Sports to Re
ceive Much Attention.
Thousand Island Park. N. V.. July 4.— The sum
mer crowds continue to flock to the St. Lawrence
shores, where nights are delightfully cool, no mat
ter how hot the days may be.
The golfing and motor boat enthusiasts are much
in evidence just now, in preparation for the mid
summer tournaments and racing at Frontenac and
the Thousand Islands Yacht Club, near Alexandria
Bay. Several tennis tournaments will also be held
In August, for which valuable prize cups will be
offered. Mrs. Alfred Graham Miles, of New York,
daughter of George C. Boldt, owner of Heart Isl
and, at Alexandria Bas\ 1b one of the clever ama
teur tennis players of this region, and is always
entered for the Thousand Island Yacht Club sin
gles end doubles.
New York motor boat owners who belong to
clubs in the American Power Boat Association will
leave Albany about August 15 for a cruise to Chip
pewa Bay. near here, where on August 13-21 the
gold cup contest will take place. The contest this
season will excite widespread attention, on account
of Its being of a more open nature, no restrictions
existing as to rating statistics. All craft of 40-foot
waterline or under may compete, with any st3le
The following New York arrivals are noted this
week at hotels within the Thousand Island region:
Thousand Island House, Alexandria Bay— S. J.
Bargent, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Hafen. J. EL Blum,
Mr. and Mrs. R. Willis. W. J. Richardson. C. C.
Perdoe, William Perdoe. Mrs. Thomas M. Adam
and Mr. and Mrs. J. P. King.
Hotel Frontenac— John R. Shepard. George T.
Pusey, Dean C. Osbome. Mr. and Mrs. Albert Yon
Tilzer, Mr. and Mrs. J. -W. Earle, Frederick Gore
King, A. G. King, A. R. Bartoo, E. G. Brown,
Miss M. N. Brown, J. D. Eddy, Mrs. A. S. Brinker
hoff, Mrs. E. J. Mlllspaugh. H. D. Pixley, F. C.
Mlllspaugh. Miss Mildred Eddy. Mr. and Mrs.
Benjamin Stuer, James A. McKay. Mr. and Mrs.
Don Bacon. J. H. Brannan, W. H. tlark. Mr. and
Mrs. Alfred Costelio, Miss Jean Costello, J. I* Eddy
and Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Peck.
The above is a photograph of a randomly selected
group of some of the junior assistants and their
chaperons frcm> the store of Bloumlngdale Bros.
<>n the occasion of the annual outing recently e\
t< nded them by the firm. The party was given on
the East Green of Central Park, at 72d street, and
comprised all the younger people employed in
Bloomlngxlalei' department store, at 69th street and
Third avenue. The day was passed In games of
all sorts an.i feasting, unlimited quantities of sand
wiches, fruit, cakes, ico cream, etc., being supplied
by the firm. The chaperons in direct charge of the
party w»r<» Miss Jennie Bellman. Miss Twtst, Miss
Becker, M:«« Larkin and Miss Bartells.
Plans completed for a large addition to the Hotel
Gramatan will this summer give Bronxville the
largest Job of construction work the Lawrence Park
section has had in several seasons. The new build
in i,' will take the place of the wing burned about
three weeks ago. The Lawrence estate intends
to make a record for di3rat.-.'i in tlreproof btnlding
work, as labor. and materials are abundant; It
will therefore be possible to have the new struct
ure ready for occupancy late in the fall. An in
crease of fully one-third In the number of room*
will be afforded in the new addition, while there
Is to be a proportionate Increase in connected
bath*. In the new building there wiu cc r««m»
•a feat* SUM «l it* haA,
weet. the tapir tank* on the east and th«
'hippo' and 'rhino' quarters on the north. When
we get tired of the people we can look up and ad
mire the loxenge effect of the lofty tiled arches and
the faience work."
"Is there going to be any ceremony when we
move Into the new flat?" asked Congo.
"Yes; a prod in the back." grunted the two
horned rhino.
"No; on the level, I heard there was going to be
a banquet and speechmaking."
"I believe they're going to spring some sort of a
glad surprise," said Gunda. "This Professor Hag
gerty, of Harvard, who's living in the monkey
house coaxing the monks to trade parts of speech
for bananas, I hear he's going to train Dohong. the
orang-outang, to give us * spiel of felicitation when
we march into the building. I admir* Dohong for
his astuteness and his table mannart, b-it he don't
seem to mo large enough or dignified enough to do
the Chauncey act. We'd ought to be welcomed
by a gorilla,"'
Formal Festivities Begin icith the
Fo v rth — Ma ny A rrivals.
Bar Harbor. Me.. July 4— The first real start on
the summer's festivities began to-night, when the
first hop of the season was held at the Swimming
Club. The Fourth of July, according to an unwrit
ten tradition, is supposed to begin formal festivi
ties, and a pleasant dance marked the occasion.
Decorations in keeping with the occasion and the
day were displayed at the clubhouse, and the af
fair was successful in every way.
The last week has had various kinds of happen
ings, from a sneak thief down. The butler at Mrs.
Buchanan Wlnthrop's cottage found a suspicious
looking individual in the yard, who dropped his
plunder and ran when questioned. Several valu
able clocks and other articles, plunder from cot
tages and hotels, were found on him. and the thief
was arrested by a policeman. Last year the cot
tage of A. Howard Hinkle. of Cincinnati was
entered while the family were at dinner and sev
eral thousand dollars' worth of Jewels carried off,
the first robbery here In a number of years.
The Building of Arts has announced a second
series of concerts during the months of July and
August, similar to those of last season, which
proved so popular. The first is to be given by
Mme. Louise Homer on July 36, and the Adanv>wsk!
trio are to follow. There will be six concerts in
all. the remaining musicians and dates to be an
nounced in a short time.
John S. Kennedy, the well known New Tork
banker, is expected back within a few days from
his annual extended vacation in Canada, where he
explores the beauties of the Restigouche annu
ally. Mr. Kennedy plans to have a month's fishing
each June, and is qualified as an expert with the
rod. Mrs. A. F. Schauffler. Mrs. Kennedy's sister,
has been with her at Kenard^n L"dg»» for some
time, and the party was joined by Dr. A. F.
Schauffler this week.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.. after spending a few
days at his cottage here, getting his family settled
for the summer, has returned to New York, but
will run down here at Intervals during the sum
mer months.
The Symphony players are expected at the Swim
ming nub soon, and the series of morning con
certs during the bathing hours, 11 to 1 o'clock, w.ll
begin soon.
Johnston Livingston, of New York, arrived this
week for the summer, and will occupy his cottage
In Kebo street. Philip Livingston was also among
the arrivals at the same time, and will occupy one
of his cottages in Eden street.
Mrs. Elliott F. Shepard, of New York, came this
week for the summer, and is the guest al her sor.
in-law, Ernesto G. Fabbri, at his cottage on the
upper shore.
W. Butler Duncan, of New York, and his daugh
ter. Mrs. Dana, and Dana, were among the
arrivals the early part of the week, and will oc
cupy their cottage, in West street, as usual this
The Malvern. De Gregolre and Louisburg ail
opened their doors this week, as has been their an
nual custom. Hotel men say that their early sea
son has rarely been so good at this time.
General Thomas Hamlin Hubbard and Miss Hub
bard, of New York, were among the arrivals the
first of the week. General Hubbard, who is now
head of the Arctic Exploration Society in the place
of the late MorrU K. Jesup, has been attending
the Bowdoin College commencement. General Hub
bard is one of 'he leading trustees, and has been
one of the largest donors to that Institution.
Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller, of Washington,
of the United States Supreme Court, was another
who came direct from the Bowdoin commence
ment, and is at his Sorrento home. Mayne Staye.
Kebo is open for the sumx-r, and th>^ s -J-.eduie
of golf fixtures for the iasaoa will be announced
Vf-ry shortly.
Edward Morrell. of Philadelphia, waa among the
arrivals of Tuesday, and is at Thirlstane, his Bar
Harbor cottage, for the .summer.
Among the cottage arrivals at Seal Harbor this
week are Mr. and Mrs. Edward C. Rodman, of
New York; Mr. and Mrs. Ernest B. Dane, of Brook
line who have the cottage of Bishop Mackay-
Smith; Mr. and Mrs. E. V. Douglass, of Chestnut
Hill. Perm.; Mrs. Marcus A. Hanna, of Washing
ton; Mr. and Mrs. Richard M. Hoe, of New Tork;
Mr. and Mrs. Howard Mansfield, of New York,
and Professor and Mrs. W. T. Sedgwlck, of Brook
line. Mass.
Judge Ingraham, of New York, arrived on Sun
day for the summer, and Is at the Foster cottage,
in High street. Other arrivals of Sunday were Mrs.
Carolyn K. Wright and her sons, of Washington.
Dr. and Mrs. Guy Fairfax Whiting and family, of
Washington, arrived thl3 week, and are at the Van
Dorcn cottage, at Hu!i3 icve.
Dave H rinnan Morris, of New York, started this
woeh for a brief trip to Europe. Ha will be away
only a few weeks, and will rejoin Mi family at
their Hull's Cove cottage later In the summer.
'•Whe.i shall I call again with this bill, Mr.
"I think, young man. as a concession to the con
ventionalities, you'd better not come any more till
I have returned, at itut sat ft yaux eailjfc'VCfrl
jsgs tatau*
Poverty the Chief Cause — The Home
More to Blame than the
.'*! School.
By »■!-!*- Bra B. lindser. of Denver. ; \
A letter came to me the other day from a sopiP*
intendent of schools In New England asking tap
following questions:
In your opinion, to what extent Is the poMM)
school system responsible for Juvenile crlreea?
To what extent are those, crimes due to a lack
of co-operation between the home and O« schftasT
To what extent is the increase of juvenile crtm*
due to the secularization of schools?
How far does immigration contribute this OSV
fortur.ate condition ?
His questions and my answers may be waggtatlwm
to others.
I cannot say that the public school system *» tm
any particular responsible for Juvenile crime. Thm
public school system represents education, and edu
cation has done more to reduce crime than almoet
any other cause. Of course. I recognize that there
are some shortcomings in the public school sys
tem For Instance, in my Judgment, if we had
more of that kind of tra.nlng which would equip
children for Industrial efficiency through the more
direct teaching of trades or the furnishing of an ma)
kind of a commercial training it would make of
the children surer breadwinners, and everything
that increases the opportunities to earn a livelihood]
to that extent reduces the temptations to crime.
I am convinced that poverty is the chLef cause of
crime In this country— that is. the crime that 1»
generally punished by the courts, for the people
who get into the courts are usually p<v
Ignorant. It is only occasionally that the Crimea of
the intelligent, cunning and wealthy are punished.
To hold the public school responsible for what it
fails to do and might do to equip morally the fut
ure citizen would shoulder upon it the responsi
bility for any crime resulting from that failure.
We can only urge upon, the school the great Im
portance of neglecting no opportunity to make as
perfect a citizen aa it Is possible for It to make
within the reasonable scope of Its purposes and
As to the second question: I would say always
that the borne Is Infinitely more responsible for
juvenile crime than the school. It must come first
In responsibility. An Ideal co»dlt!on ta
ment would make the home almost entirely respon
sible for the moral character of the child; but sine*
we are face to face with the fact that so many
children are homeless, without parents at all. or
what is equally as bad, without parents who under
stand their responsibilities and endeav.or to live up
to them. It follows that the school must be responsi
ble more or less for the character of the child.
But where the parent has utterly failed it Is fre
quently difficult for any school to make up the de
I think that any failure of the home or th«
parent In this respect Is a lack cf co-operation
with the school. -V» to the more direct co-opera
tion such as the Interest of the parent In ths
school and the work of the child while in school,
there Is undoubtedly much child crime due to the
lack of It. Habitual truancy is one of the chief
causes of crime in childhood, and this condition
Is frequently due to a lack of effort on the part
of the home and co-operation with the school. In
fact, failure at home to stimulate the child in Its
school duties and in respect for the school and
the authority In the school is responsible often
for children who are backward In school, and I
find that most school children who drift into
crime are backward, which might, of course. hay»
been avoided had the home done its part through
out the school period of the child.
I find the home always more to blame than the
school. There is a disposition upon the part of
thousands of parents in every city to shirk duties
because of the Idea they seem to have that It
should be all performed by the school. Such par
ents are certainly dangerous citizens.
As to the third question. it Is not free from:
difficulty I think that the education of a child
In a school, though secularized, must neverthe
less involve a certain amount of moral training,
for I feel certain that the- great majority of
American public school children are honest, law
abiding and developing in heart as well as In
head. Mucli of this, of course, may come from
the home, the Sunday school and the Church, as
it ought to. but I believe also that it Is in a large
measure supplemented In the school, whether sec
ularized or not. I have never taken any sta
tistics on the subject, but have frequently sought
to observe, with a view of forming some opinion,
and I believe Just as large a proportion of boys
from parochial schools get into the kind of Ju
venile troubles which we call crime a3 those front
the public schools. .
I am strongly inclined, however, to believe that
more religious training, more real education of
the human heart, 13 needed In all of our schools.
I have come to the conclusion that there is some
thing radically wrong in our application or teach
ing of ethics In the schools, parochial or public.
Answering the fourth question, I am not of
those who lay much stress upon immigration as a
cause of crime in this country, whether adult or
Juvenile. My own Investigations of police rec
ords (and I have investigated those of nearly all
the large cities) have rather startled me by show
ing how few of our Juvenile criminals are of for
efgn parentage. Perhaps more children of Immi
grants get Into court, but my Judgment is that
this is largely because of poverty and ignorant*
I am coming more and more to the conclusion
that the causes of crime must be searched tor
among those evils that afflict our social, economic.
industrial and political conditions. The prayer
most repeated is that one containing the supplica
tion. "Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us
from evil"; but many of the conditions In this
civilization of ours gainsay the prayer. — Charities
and the Commons.
Greenwich. Conn.. July July ushers in th«
season of full house at the Edge wood Inn and of
continual activity In all forms of social diversions.
The kirmes3 given In the auditorium by Miss
Stewart and her assistants has >>een the main at
traction this week. Among the » jests at the inn
taking part were the Misses Eaton, Harvey &
Ladew and Charles Sabin. of New York.
This week the inn nine defeated the villas
in a ten-inning game, the score being: 8 to 7. OB
Wednesday they crossed bats with, the Belle Ha
vens, a team composed of boys from Brunswick
School and friends, defeating them. 15 to 6.
Amonjr the arrivals from New York were Mr.
and Mrs. J. W. Wenman. Alexander Frazer, C. W.
Crosby, Mr--. Wellington Crosby. Dr. A. Fanoni.
Mr. and Mrs. N. S. Meldrum. Miss Meldrum. Mrs.
Joseph Marie. IBM Marie. Isaac P. Smith. MUs
Juliet Smith. Miss Benedict. F. Homer, Mr. .and
Mrs. W. H. Park*. Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Reynolds.
Mr. and Mrs. Tllton, Mr. and Mrs. Beth E. Thomas.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Oeer. W. Harper. Howard
Tlnqus. Mrs. 8. N. Leaxy, P. H. OUmora, Harvey
8. Ladew. P. Shannon. P. J. Walsh. James A.
Foley. Joseph W. Keller, J. Parker Sloane. Dr. and
Mrs. W. W. Ollflllan. Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Car
rir.gton, Henry 9. Carrtngton. W. C. Byrd. Mr a=d
Mrs. Walter Constable. th» Misses O. and D.
Constable and H. J. Barrett.
Other arrivals were Mrs. D. B. Tounj. Brook
lyn; G. M. Noyes. New Haven; E. H. Coy. J. B.
Blackburn. New Haven; Mr and Mrs. H. P. Bailey.
Philadelphia; Miss Frances Bailey, Miss M Toule
mann. L. C. Fuller. J. R. Williams. Jr., Philadel
phia; John A. Brooch, Virginia; Mr. and Mrs. H.
L. Austin. Philadelphia: Mr. and Mrs. Fred Bul-
Saa\ M. . 1). Parker. Bridgeport. Conn. : Mr. and
Mrs. A. M. Voorhis. Miss J. VoorhU*. NyaeS^ N. V.:
Mr. -nd Mrs. J. C. Well. Southbrldge. Map*.; Miss
Alica M. Fowler. Miss Gertrude C. Tower. Brook
line, Mass.; R. 8. Weed. Buffalo. Mr. and Mrs.
E. E. Sinclair and Mr. and Mr*. C. H. Davis, Pel
fcam Manor; Mr. and Mr*. EUaa Psomrt, Cu&M
Mot §. twin anA Him T»a AA4«a, ><•«&«* t t

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