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RETAIN ARCHERS AS BODYGUARD XOBLES OFFICERS OF HIS ' TORIC CORPS. , r — 'King Edmard,'Czar, Francis Joseph ■ and King of Bavaria Maintain '£'■■'' ■'- Royal Companies:' l A ' • -ICbpyrifht: 1«*. by the Rrentwnod Oompary.] Through the appointment of the Duke of Aber corn to the ©face of ensign of the- Royal Com pany br Archer? attention is called to the fact that" King Ed wa,rd. like the Emperor of Austria. the Czar of Russia and the.Klng of Bavaria, has a bodyguard the rank and file of which are still armed with bows and arrows, in lieu of firearms of the most modern and approved type. In each in*t_nc«* tWs corps dates from oMen times, and its quaint equipment, so thoroughly out of keep ing -with the prosaic environment of the twen tieth century, constitutes a picturesque and cherished survival of the historic past.. ... . The four bodyguards •in question^ namely, those of poor crazy King Ott... of Emperors NMtrtas and Francis Joseph, and of Edward VII <the"latt«r In his capacity of King of Scotland), are what may be described _- -corps d'elite. are recruited from men who havebeld commissions In the army and are of gentle birth,- -and are officered by the greatest nobles in the land. . Thus, in th» case of the Scotch Royal Company : of Archers no one who does not possess' "landed ". estates or domiciles in the northern kingdom/ i or who is riot th-» son of one having- held the J office of -lord lieutenant or deputy lieutenant J of a county In Scotland. Is qualified for member- j Fhip In the guard, among the present officers of j which are the Duke of Buccleuch, who Is its captain general and commander, and the Duke of Abercorn. "Lord Rcsebery. the nonogenarlan Iyird TVemyss. the Marquis of Breadalbane. the earls of Aberdeen and of Elgin' Lord Balfour, Lord Harrington and Lord Minto. OKGA^ZED BY JA_tES I. The corps is said to have been first instituted tiy King James I Hi Scotland, on his -return from captivity in« England, with the object of Improving the science of archery. 4 and in the | history of the battle of Flodden Field it Is re- i lated that the n-xiy of Kin* James IV was found covered and surrounded by the'bodies of hlc archer guard The regiment as now con stituted, was reorganized in 1703 by : Queen Anne on the occasion of her visit to . Edin- j burgh, and she invested the members of the j corps with the prerogative' of keeping guard" j over the sovereign when In Scotland — a some- ] what risky . proceeding, seeing that the Royal Company of Archers at the time was composed almost exclusively of Jacobites. Indeed. it Is on record that In 1734 two of the archers were court martiaUed and cashiered by their officers i on a frivolous pretext, the real reason being that they were the only two men of the guard •who were not in s---. mpathy with the. Pretender.. By the time of the visit of George IV to Ed inburgh, in 1522, the Jacobite movement had. however, passed out of existence, and he could therefore intrust himself to the protection of the Royal Company of Archers while, in Scot land without any fear for his safety. It is re lated that Sir Walter Scott designed a special uniform for the use of the corps during the King's progress north of the Tweed, and. that it was of "'surpassing ugliness." But in IS3I the uniform was fortunately changed, and now consists, where the rank and file are concerned, of a green tunic with black braid facings, with a narrv-w stripe of crimson velvet in the cen tr«-: shoulder wings and gauntleted cuffs, simi larly trimmed: dark green trousers, with black _nd crimson strips: a Scotch cap, vith thistle ornament and ragle's feather; a black leather ■waist belt, with gold clasp, to which a short Fword of the Roman order is suspended; the *>quipment being completed by a bow cix feet In length. DUKE OF BTJCCLETJCH COMMANDER. In the case of th» officers the tunic is replaced Jor court wear by a green cloth tail coat, richly embroidered with gold thistles and arrows, with pre^n velvet 'facings, gold epaulets and aguilets, crimson silk sash, gold laced dark green trousers and cocked hat with green plume. This uniform is Oftaa seen at state func tions In London and at Windsor, being much af fected'by Lord Rosebery and those other peers " ".in hold commissions in the bodyguard, ■whereas the tunic and the bow and arrows are seldom if ever Been south of the Tweed. When ever the «=-->vfreign visits the capital of the northern kingdom the commanding officer pre cents a reddendo, consisting of three arrows. made of snakewood, barbed with silver and feathered with the plumes of the argus pheas ant, in token of the fealty of th«» re<»im^nt. and the Duke of Buccleuch is, by virtue of his office of captain general of the corps. Gold Stick to the monarch when in Scotland, his two officers next in rank b*:ng the Silver Sticks of Scot land •.'•.«: In this way _M commanding officers of tho ! bodyguard of arc— enjoy in the northern king dom the same privileges and status as do the mlnnils in ehK-f and th^ lieutenant colatieUl of th* Horse Guards and Life Guards in England. Every month throughout the spring, summer and autumn archery drills, practices and shoot ing contests take place in the regimental meadows o_fa__e of- Ed'.nburg' . one of the queer est matches being that for the w>-called goose medal. The old mode of competing for this was by building a live goose into a turf butt In such a manner 8 s to leave only tl>e head of the bird *>xpos«vi tn view, the her who hit the h«*ad and killed the goose being entitled to have her. Of course, this barbarous practice is now dis contliliied. 1 It Is the head of the stuffed goose ■which takes the place of the live bird, while a gold medal constitutes the prize of the victor. The beskOquaiten of the regiment Is at the Archers* Hall, in Edinburgh, built 150 years ago. and adorned with a number of fine paint ings. Including some splf-ndid Raeburns. and with superb silver trophies and plate. In this hall the regimental dinners take place peveral times a y<ar, the first toast given being, ii"ot.as cJsewhere, 'The. King."' but "The Mark," the toast being drunk sitting down, - - - • THE. CZAKS CORPS OF ARCHERS. d While the archer bodyguards of the rulers of Austria and Bavaria arc far more picturesquely and ■BB_-J_ee_tly garl»-d ihan those of King Edward, the Czar's corps of 'archers consists of fantastically garbed Orientals, who constitute a very stril.ing feature at all the grand ceremonies of the, Muscovite court. To Russia, by-the-bye, belongs the distinction. of ha.ving been the last European.' government to .-employ, archers in warfare. *"or among the troops that marched into Paris after the battle 'of Waterloo ■vverc. several regiments of the Russian army arm*!". li<»t with muskets, or even with lances. but merely with longbows and crossbows, their appearance exciting the most intense astonish ment on the part of Jhe worthy Parisians. . . , ,ln England and in France.^archery, remains an exc«-«-ding!y papvdac form of sport. It was the only fcport in whi<h the late Queen Victoria excelled in her younger dayp. and until h*-r death «he held the of&oe «>f dean of th»« mc>3t ancient guild of archers in the United Kingdom --_*_....,, of the \Vou_J_fcn of Ard.ec It was * sport which always appealed to her as calcu lated to develop graceful movement, Ftately calm and repose of manner. And H must be confessed that the contrast which exists between the hurried movement and glow of the fem inine lawn tennis player and the elegance and "Plastic KTace and air of dignity of the fair archer Is all to the advantage of the latter. One of the principal rules and ethics of archery is to be "very quiet and deliberate in one's movements, never to hurry, nor to pull up by Jerks, nor must one talk or move one's feet while in the act of shooting." At no time is a pretty woman seen to such advantage and never Is the beauty of her figure displayed to such perfection as when she is drawing the arrow back to. its head. In England the taste for archery Is as a rule confined to the ancient aristocracy and to the old county families, and It Is worthy of note that In these classes Us votaries are as numerous as ever. ARCHERY STILL POPULAR. Tennis, bicycling, motoring, polo, lacrosse, tobogganing and p"lf are either having at the present time, or Hse have had in the past, their day of vogue, which has often proved ephemeral. Archery, however, has maintained its popularity steadfastly and unimpaired through hundreds of years, and the enthusiasm to which it has given rise Is amply shown by the many spirited verses that have as their theme the bow and the ar row. JThe most Important of all the archery IN A NURSERY OF Gl ANTS— BROBDINGNAGIAN INTERIOR OF A BALLOON FACTORY. The two pillars are two halves of an enormous balloon. How huge they are may be understood by comparison with the man In the picture. The envelope was photographed in a balloon factory at Billancourt, Paris. - illustrated London Newi. cubs in Great Britain Is the Royal Toxopholite Society, of which King Edward was president up to the time of his accession, and which repre sents two very old corps that it has absorbed, namely, the Finsbury Archers and the Archers' Company of thf> Honorable Artillery Company. It owns a quantity of valuable old plate, includ ing a large silver shield presented by the, Portuguese consort of Charles II and some silver arrows given by Queen Elizabeth. Thanks to royal favor and state patronage, it possesses a large rhooting ground In Regent's Park— that is to say, in almost the centre of the metropolis. The shooting ground is over 6ix acres in extent, is shielded by beautiful trees, and In one corner Of it- the society has erected its archers' hall. The annual tournaments held thTf invariably attract a considerable amount of attention, and one or another of the members of the reigning family is usually present. Another very fa mous and ancient organization of archers is that ot the Woodmen of Arden, the number of mem bers of -ivhy-h Is limited to eighty. Its lord warden i? Lord Ayiesford, who makes his home at Pcckington Hall, situated on the bor der of :;..- Forest of Arden, in which the shoot- Ing grounds of the society, some twelve acres in extent, arc situated. The Forest of Arden Is familiar to every reader of Shakespeare, and the hfrd of black deor that roam In the park of Lord Aylcsford, which really forms part of the forest, are the descendants of those concerning which the famous bard wrote in his "As You Like It." 1 should be afraid to Bay how ancient is this society, which we are are told was re garded as hoary with age in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Some of its trophies, however, date back hundreds of years, and I may add that the election of the officers each yt-ar is done by means of shooting, in which Lord Palmerston and the great Sir Robert Peel have taken part, the highest dignitaries going to the most skilful archer, the rang* 1 being not less than "ninescore yards." ARCHERY CORPS IN PARIS. In Frail' <■ one finds not only the nobility but also the middle classes and what is known as the small bourgeoisie devoted to archery. In Paris aI<MM there are no fewer than five large corps of archers, each with a long list of mem bers, on tho roster "of which are to be found the names of leading statesmen, of celebrated paint ers, such as, for Instance. Carolus Duran; great lawyers, and bankers of note. Thus. Leon Say. the grea: political economist. Premier and Pres ident of the Senate, was devoted t.» archery. As a rule, however. it is the retired shopkeeper and petty traoer who constitute the rank and file of the archery clubs in the French cities— those i.e.] 1.. indeed, whom the now almost for gotten novelist Paul <i« Kock wa3 so fond of jortrayinf ; whereas iv -*<» prgvlncw, the iwc_ NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY. AUGUST 23, 190^ cry clube and associations are. for the. most part confined to the aristocracy, and are so exclusive that It 13 as difficult to obtain admission thereto as to get elected to the Jockey Club In Paris. Indeed, to be a member of one of these rural archery guilds constitutes, particularly in the north, tast and west of France, a sort of patent of nobility and of blue blooded ancestry, par venus and rich people of plebeian origin being as a rule pitilessly blackballed. The members style themselves for the most part "chevaliers de Tare," and in many Instances the cJubs are able to trace their foundation to the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Thus, for instance, history teaches us that the so-called Com pagnie -le Precy, which is among the most Im portant of the archery clubs of the present day. was already In existence In 1704, when the prizes were presented at the annual contest by the Prince de Conde, the creator of Chantllly. On the day of St. Sehastlan, who, owing to his having bc*>n shot to death by a whole volley of arrows, has always been regarded as the patron t-alnt of bowmen, masses and religious services are held In many of the ancient church»s of France, which are attended by the local, guilds of archers. In full array, and with much pomp and ceremony. Anjd when a chevalier de Tare dies the twelve senior members of the corps shoot each three arrViws over his grave at the funeral, while as soon as the latter is at an end, the entire club adjourns to its "champ de tir," or shooting butts, where a spirited contest takes place, the target being afterward hung up In the armory of the corps, with the date of the obsequies inscribed thereon, by way of a memorial to the dead archer. So picturesque are tho ceremonies of these associations and so Important is the part which archery plays to this day In the sorial life of urban, and especially of rural. France, that it 's astonishing that po little should have been published about It during the last fifty years In the French and foreign papers, or in the contemporary French novels, which are mostly -written from the boulevards of Paris. Thanks to this, there arp doubtless many people. of the present time who are firmly convinced that the art of drawing th» how in France died out with the generation of Bnlzac. of Eugene Sue fiii'l of Alfred de Musset. EX- ATT ACHE. XEWPORT. Polo and Tennis Bring Inffu.r of Visitors—Much Entertaining. Newport. R. T. Aug. 22.-With the opening of the national tennis tournament nt the Cnsino and the -opening of the nnjo tournament at the Wrst chester Polo Club Grounds, at liateman's Point, and with various other sporting: features tho pres ent week In Newport can truly be called s;,orting week. Polo began on Monday afternoon, and eacli day since there have been large gatl erlngs of society at the polo club, the Interest this year sfeming to be more marked than for several seasons. All th« parkin? spares have been filled each after noon with automobiles anil carriages, while the crowd nt the clubhouse has b:>en unusually larße. Th« gayest place la Newport, however, during the week has been the Casino, especially in the morning. Summer residents of Jamestown . and Narragansett Pier have been well represented each day among those who have sought places on the grandstands and about the various piazzas. In dress the tennis tournament Ratherings have this year excelled all others, vying with th« horse show in this respeci. Tennis, luncheon and dlnrier parties have been numerous. Those prominent in the entertaining: have been Mrs. C Oliver Iselln, Mrs. Henry S. Redmond, Paul Rainey. Mrs. T. Shaw Safe, Mrs. E. C. Knight. Jr.. Mrs. Charles H. Baldwin, Miss Charlotte Pell William Gammell. Mrs. Henry Clews, Mrs. E. J. Berwind, Miss C. Ogden Jones, Mrs. J. J. Mason, Mrs. C. L. F. Robinson, Mrs. Osden Mills, Mrs.' R. Livingston Beeckman, Mrs. Craig Bid-lie. Mrs. George Gould, who haii been here with Mr. Gould and her family on the yacht Atalanta; Mrs. Barger-Wallacn, Mrs. Zabriskle. Mrs. Charles F, Hoffman, Mrs. William Storrs Walls, Mr*. I'hiiip M. Lydlg and Mrs. Bich ard Gambrlll. The ' sudden marriage of Mrs. May Brady Hall and H«rb«rt _L kt_rr__a_, whica took pssM cv Wednesday. was a. surprise, ev«n though It had been expected., Wnen the news: of the wedding became known the couple had been married for several hours and" were about ready to leave New port. Robert Bacon, Assistant Secretary of State, with his family, has been spending a few days with Commodore and Mrs. Edwin D. Morgan. W. Bourke Cockran has been a guest at the New Cliffs cot tajres. . - Tennis and polo week guasts arrived eariy, and to-night the cottage district is well filled with week-end visitors. They will probably remain for the greater part of next week, for the tennis tour nament will last probably until Thursday and the polo tournament does not close until next Saturday. There, were two christenings this week. The. In fant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles De Loosey Olrichs was christened Marjorie Frances Oelrichs, while the Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Have meyer, Jr.. was christened Frederick Christian Havenieyer, ar. old family name. Paul Ralney may close his Newport season a little early this year to go West on a hunting trip. Joseph Harrlman, Alexander Brown and others have signified their Intentions of accompanying him. IN THE GREEN MOUNTAINS. Manchest*>r-in-the-Mountains, Vt., Aug. 22.— This week has been nearly as busy as the preceding one, which was the best Manchester has had. Golf matches and baseball filled the early days of the week. Since Thursday interest has been centred at the Ekwanok tennis courts, where the second annual men's singles -aid doubles tournament has been in progress. The final matches are being played to-day. Monday the Ekwanok golf team went to Dorset and defeated the Dorset Field Club team by the score of 21 to 1. Tuesday there was a mixfd foursomes handicap on tho Ekwanok links for prises presented by Mrs. Frederick W. Taylor, of Philadelphia. Miss Groesbeck and W. P. Groesheck, Cincinnati, had the best score, at 108. 3<\ 72. On Tuesday the Rkwanok baseball team got re vrnfrft for the two defeats nt the hands of the Mount Anthony team, of Ben lington, by the deci sive score of 17 to 4. J. C. Colgate, o f New York, was behind the bat for the Mount Anthony team. This evening nearly the entire summer colony will gather at Music Hall for the vaudeville enter tainment by the Misses Hoyt, of New York. Among tho automobilists at the Equinox House this woi-k wer*> Vnlted States Senator W. Murray Crane and ex-Governor John L. Bates of Massa chusetts. Congressman Charles N. Fowler, of New Jersey, was also at the Equinox House this week. He was on hi., way to Fowler, Vt, to visit his son, <'harles N. Fowler, jr. Tho fifty Tribune "fresh air" boys who are quartered »t the Taylor farmhouse will end their two weeks' stay on Monday and return to New York. The boys have had a glorious time. The Rev. Vincent Ravi, pastor of the Congregational Church, has boen untiring in his efforts to give the boys a good time. Among the projects for their amusement wer« a straw ride and lawn fete Tuesday afternoon. Miss Marguerite Foulke. of Germantown. Is the fcu«-st of Miss Margaret Francis, of Troy, at the Equinox House. J. K. Beard, of Brooklyn, is visiting his sister, Mrs. Frederic C. Brown, of Brooklyn, at the Co loni-L .Nt r, of Albany, gave a dinner at ttidr cottage Thursday evening. ■ >w of the largest bridge parlies of the season was given by Miss Fish, of Newark, Friday, at the Orvis couag>-. Dancing was enjoyed at Music Hall Saturday evening by a largo number of the younger set. James T. Mix, of New York, has joined Mrs. Mix at Benbrook. the summer home of Mrs. B. F. Carver, of Pass Christian, Miss. _____ — . • FOREIGNERS, BEWARE! The case was one of assault, and the- magistrate. fearing that it might be the beginning of another outbreak of hooliganism, was Inclined to be severe. •'For the second time," he said, addressing the prisoner, "you are charged with assaulting your neighbor. The evidence shows that you deliberately and without any apparent cause struck the com plainant, with your clenched rist." •'Faith, yer honor," cried Pat, "If I did he struck m« back again!" '■_■- ■Hut he only did so in self-defence, said the "An' what about meT" asked Pat. "All about you." answered the magistrate, "Is that you are found guilty, and must therefore keep i. peace toward ail ills majesty's subjects' for twelve months." "Well then," roared Pat, aa he left the court. "be*ven hcli> l_» flfit furrtntr Ol xae«t:".-TU-BIU. THE PKOTECTION OF PUBLIC HEALTH EMPLOYMENT OF BANI- TARY METHODS URGED. Prompt Solution of Hygienic Prob lems Imperative—Some Sugges tions for Protective Measures. It has been said that so far as the ultimate r» sult is concerned it is as dangerous to be killed by a microbe as a bull or a bullet, and this so-called witticism, which, r<Thar«. had origin In the Emer ald Isle, leads one to consider the significance of this perhaps lightly spoken observation. While waiting for ideal conditions in sanitation the public turns naturally to the thought of pro tective devices, and will employ any measures which, while only palliatives, like the physicians drugs, are the only recourse it has. Water may be purified or transported from some undoubtedly pure spring. Milk will be purchased in prefere nce where provrn to be sanitarily produced and handled; sewage and wastes can be disposed of by householders by the bacterial method; dust may be removed by vacuum and sent directly to the sewer, and flies can be exterminated by ingenious devices. On this basis a few suggestions are given of some means which may be employed in various forms having for their object protection against disease. CARE IN MILK IMPORTANT. Protection from the dangers lurking In milk must be sought in the selection of a good, wholesome milk from a. responsible company, and, equally Important, In using care not to expose the milk to outside contamination after the same has been received. Housekeepers know how sensitive milk Is to outside influences of odor or taint, and in the same way will it absorb germs floating about In th« atmosphere. Milk should be kept In the origi nal bottle until absolutely required for use, and the danger of flies dropping therein can be eaaily avoided with a little care. Too much stress cannot be laid upon this point and upon the necessity of keeping the milk In the refrigerator until wanted. It is frequently left longer than needful on the kitchen table, exposed to the heat, and more often than not uncovered. Agitation for pure milk has been one of the most meritorious of efforts of public spirited citizens for many years. There has been some discussion of making the pasteuriza tion of milk a city function. Tnls is both Im practicable and unnecessary nowadays, because pure sanitary natural milk may be obtained by dealing with responsible companies. The efforts of the city Health Department, the State Board of Agriculture, private associations and years of un ostentatious and self-protective campaign Inaugu rated by some of the larger milk interests have all brought about such an improvement In the char acter of the milk supplied to this city that It places the real responsibility in most cases upon the judgment and commonsense of the consumer. "For years," said Mr. Taylor, vice-president of the Borden Company, "we have endeavored to pro tect the public against the dangers of unsanitary milk by exercising the strictest supervision over the sources of supply and in the handling and de livery of our product. This policy was inaugurated long before the cry for pure milk was raised, and we feel that we have succeeded, often to our pe cuniary loss. In creating a condition which assures the consumer that he is getting a sanitary, whole some, natural milk. In the first place, our con tract with the farmer Is very explicit. It provides that the cattle shall be carefully inspected by a competent veterinarian, and that the stables shall have preferably a cement floor, whitewashed ceil ings and floors and plenty of ventilation. Water supply, drainage and the general condition of the farm are also important items. The feeding of the animals is also a subject of careful attention, hay, corn fodder, clover, cornmeal and like nutritious foods only being allowed. Cases of contagious dis eases In the family or employes of the farmer will cause the milk to be refused. The milk house must not be connected with the cow stable, and the stables and cows must be cleaned at least an hour before milking, which must be done with dry hands. After the milking the fluid must be Im mediately cooled, to expel the animal beat, and kept at a temperature of less than 60 degrees Fahrenheit until ready for shipment to the dairy At the latter place the contents of the forty-quart cans are tested by experts, and If satisfactory the process of filling the bottles begins. These, steril ised at a high temperature, are filled by a rapid process and hermetically sealed. It Is not possible for dust or any foreign matter to be absorbed. Packed In refrigerator cars, with plenty of ice about them, the bottles ar» shipped to the city to the consumer. The immediate house to house de livery from our various branches then takes pi There Is no reason. 1 ' continued Mr. Taylor. w!t?» all these precautions why a pure, wholesome mI.K, free from germs and dust, cannot be obtained, it has taken years of effort and of education among the farmers to reach the present state, hut the present satisfactory results amply warrant that expenditure of money and energy. ELECTRICALLY PURIFIED WATER. To secure pure drinking water Is the constant aim of cities. Institutions and individuals, be cause this fluid is generally recognized as one of the most deadly agencies for the spread of dis ease, particularly typhoid. Filtration plants are being established for both cities and hospitals, office buildings and other Institutions, and there are a number of companies selling bottled water from distant springs, for which absolute purity Is claimed. A new idea In this country Is the treatment of water by what is known as the electrical aluminum process. It has been used with great success abroad, particularly in the German army, where a system is installed on a small wagon which follows the troops around. It is also being used successfully In Canada. This process consists of passing an electric current through water as It flows through two aluminum cups, each of which are the electrodes or contact with water. The electric current by means of electrolysis, breaks up a portion or the water into nascent hydrogen, nascent oxygen and ozone, an altosopic modification of oxygen. The liberated ions, being gases, appear at the elec trodea and travel through the water. The lons lib erated oxidize and remove the bacteria, color and nitrites and all other organic matter In the water. Some of the salts are also removed, especially the no-called "hardness," due to lime salts, by the current itself and the ions liberated. A concern in this city has adapted this princi ple to an office or household filter, which Is very economical and practical, and which is being used successfully in a number of hotels and hospitals. In their device the water receives three kinds of flltratlons. It passes. In the first place, through two thick layers of felt, which removes all dirt and grime, and. secondly, it receives the most im portant part of the treatment as it passes be tween two aluminum cups, being thoroughly sat urated with oxygen and ozone. These gaees are caused by passing an electric current through the water. The two cups are arranged one inside the other, but not touching. They are on the same circuit, and the water, flowing between them, closes that circuit. Thus all living organisms are removed or killed, and the germs of typhoid, cholera, etc.. lose their power of doing narm. The final purifying process consists in running it through a compound of quartz and carbon. John C. Sparks, B. Sc. F. C. 8., a well known authority on tho water question, after examining water treated by the above process, says: '"I have made a series of chemical and bacteriological testa on the water coming from your electric filter and find that all disease bearing bacteria are oxidized and removed by It." This company also sells the water In bottles, electrically treated In their laboratories, for the convenience of those for whom It Is not con venient to have the electrical filter attached to their cooler. HOUSEHOLD SEWAGE DISPOSAL. The question of sewage disposal and the utilisa tion of wastes, already referred to. are both prob lems which now engage the attention of municipal ities, institutions and places where a number of people live In close proximity and of individuals who, living in country districts, where old-fash ioned methods still prevail, are aware of the dangers around them and the risks they are tak ing. To the latter class some practical and Inex pensive method of disposing of sewage will al ways appeal. A well known Chicago civil engineer, Mr. Bur ton J. Ashley, moved to Morgan Park, a Chicago tnuburb, in a territory where there were no sewers or water mains, and among the many sanitary improvements which he made was a system of purifying and disposing of sewage wastes. Its evolution was what Is known widely as the Ashley system and found especially adapted to residences, though u*ed on a large scale also. It was the result, when perfected, of many interesting ex periments with Nature and her wonderful wayd, which Mr. Ashley related In 1907 to the American Association of Sanitary Engineers at the annual meeting at Cleveland. His Idea consists In using an underground water tight tank, usually constructed of brick or con crete, which receives the st-wage from the house. Here the first essential process of sewage purifica tion takes place, which 1b brought about through the destructive agency of anaerobic bacteria, those that live and thrive without air or oxygen. These anaerobes are natural agents of decomposition anywhere, whether acting in the centre of a hot fermenting manure pile or in a septic tank. The process is therefor a natural one-Nature's own method— and fills a benign purpose too great al most to be fully appreciate!} "The tank is so constructed and tt»'ix''l on the inside as to give these bacteria the mont favor able conditions possible." said 8. B. Haily. of No. 65 IJberty street, who represents the system here, "for without such conditions bacterial activity would cease or even refuse to be gin. It greatly intensifies and accelerates de composition and causes the organic solids con t-::.'.. la »•*_*• to be very quickly and eff.»ctu_Uy broken up and hydrollzed (turned to fluid), amj ■ which is the first step toward successful, purlflca tion This septlclzed fluid lj.--.now In- the most • f Lvorab™ condition for o*ydaUon and nUrtS^a, • which Is the second and final puriflcatlon that converts the -liquid* back Into pur^water a^airs. . The septlcizing- of the sewage by m^ana of th, septic tank effects about .one- hair of .the puri..ca tion, and the nitrification <>UCt or bacteria bM completes the purification the result b-lmc wat-r The water is then absorbed by the sol! with which th* nitrification duct Is In direct contact. This system Is so simple that It can bo Install W h« there Is but an ordinary lot. and Is out «f sight and mind. DUST REMOVED BY VACUUM. ; With dust as one ot the greatest of £lsea«« germ propagators, great care should be taken to remove and not merely disturb It In one part of a room only to allow it to settle In another st!r It into invisible, particles, which later again settle ta the vicinity. That was the old way. before rnodera mechanical Ingenuity suggested the idea of formliij a vacuum, and by means of a rubber tub* tsuckJasj the dust and disposing of it. This has been <1oq« successfully for some years, there being a gradual mechanical improvement In ! the apparatus used. Until the advent of the system here described tits, dust was drawn into what 1» known »b a s«parit ln*r tank, first passing through several scre-ns. These had to bo cleared and th« re*-ept.-vl«» fre quently emptied, a process both unsanitary and laborious. Tho new way. patented by the Vacuum Engi neering Company, of No. 114 Liberty street, con nlsts of an Inreniou* arrangement, by wh l th» separating tanks are eliminated, the dust is pas&ed through the pump into a waste pip*. whe n It goes directly into the sewer without comirtar in , contact with the atmosphere. There are no h'.ltr receptacles, and the disposal of tr:e dust, 01 dirty water In case of scrubbing. Is automatic Thii solves an important problem lonjr neatl»r-«T by engineers, -who have given their chief attenttoa to the subject of the automatic gather-In* nt dust rather than to Its automatic disposal. The <"v> nomlc advantages are. therefore, the small arr.r,>mt of space- required and the low co*t of operation, as the plant may be left undisturbed two ir.or.Uii If necessary, or more. The special feature* of this invention rrak- tt possible, without much extra cost, to use either a wet or dry system. In non-technical language, thy same pipes and flexible tubes which convey tin dust from the rooms of a butldtng w!;»r» th» system is installed will carry water . Attaching special scrubbing Implements to the operator* alp broom. marble, tiled, mosaic or hardwood floors may be readily scrubbed. Thl« done, the wsl Is turned off and the dirty water is sucked br vacuum downstairs Into the pump, and through is. to the sewer. Thus it would se«m that as con cerns large offlce or public buildlng=> the scrnb woman will have to change her vocation, an<l housemaid's knee will soon become a disease of the crude past. THE HOUGE FLY NTTISidffCE. As already mentioned the spread of dfseas* through the agency of the <7v constitutes an element of great danger, particularly co because w hay» been accustomed to look upon that Insect as an aa noyins. but harmless summer worry. In recent times wide publicity has h»n given to the »x!stenc# of a real danger in not destroying flies, and among other Interesting experiments it has been fo_s4 br Picker, a German scientist, that the common hous* fly could eat the typhoid bacillus without dan«e to Itself, and that it could transmit the infection far a period of twenty-three days. • The bacilli werv found In lbs head, wings and leg 3 on the fifth day and In the Intestine* on the ninth day after t!» ingestlon of the infected material. Ve-der an other German investigator, asserts his belief' that files are the chief factor ln transmitting inV'-ttDa during the autumn, the period of most proroias3 activity of typhoid, a conclusion reached from aa. investigation to determine the origin of a local epidemic. In Manchuria, during the Russo-Japaaes* war. the experience of the m»<licai staiT of tb* Russian army was to th«» effect that files, — or» than water, were responsible for the existence of typhoid and dysentery. Until It shall be possible tr> exterminate flies by destroying their breeding places the housewife must look to the protection which Hrre-sris. fly paper nr fly traps can afford. An insfn lous, economical and effective contrivance to catch flies is the fly ribbon, called FN-StJcfeSa, made by the Fly Ribbon Manufacturing Company, a New York concern. Its advantage over fly paper is that, while tt tak*« up less room. it Is also mor» effectiv<». becaas*"it can be hung In places where flies love to congre gate, under the chand»!!e-. for instance. Anotiier advantage which will appeal to the mother of small, hut active, children Is that it cannot be sat upon and Is out of reach. Th<> apparatus consists of a small triangular box containing a peculiarly scented viscous fluid and a. y:ird of tough cloth rib bon, half an Inch wide After hansri-.sr ft und»r chandeliers, gas jets and such places, th* ribtcn Is slowly pulled out. coating itself with the sticky substance contained in the little boy Not mo?* than four Inches should h*> exposed, and when thU Is thickly covered with flies It is cut off and. pre ferably, burned, and another strip pulled out. An other feature 1? that the jluellke substance so fatal to flies, does not drip from the ribbon, nor does tt stain. USEFUL HOUSEHOLD FILTERS. The ordinary city water is often muddy In color, even if it be free from germs. For this if for bs other reason such water should hs filtered. Boilßg it kills the germs, but it also deprives the ■narsraf Its air and natural salts, and the muddy <-->-.: itwm still remains. The chief objection to filters «wcs» as filtering stones or the Pasteur porcelain tube?. though admittedly good riltpring mediums, is that in order to secure the best results It is neces sary to take them apart every day for cleaning— a tedious process. Ont- must also discriminate be tween straining and filtering:. Charcoal, asbestos and other substances are used to allow the d!rt to filter through, which sedinvnt gradually creates a bed of filth, requiring frequent renewal of the fil tering material. The BOlution of the problem s»<?rrm to* h»v« been solved by a simple mechanism Invented by Mr. T. Ltnke, of No. 1555 Broadway, who has contrived _ device in filters for Institutions and BBhokkl by which the Missouri filtering stone is cleansed by a turn of the wrist, without being removed from its sealed place. These filters, used for many years by Xew Torkers. are made In various sizes, known as the Acorn and Adrance filters. and adapted to special purposes, the principle be- Ing in each case that mentioned above, namely, the possibility of scraping a n»w >«ijrfa-"» on tlis filtering stone and washing away the ref— tclta out coming in contact with the filtered water RICHFIELD SPRIXGS. Benefit Concert at the Earlington— Automobile Parties Arrive. Richfield Springs. N V . Aug. 22.— "Hie musical feature of the season at the Earlington was Tho benefit concert which took place there on Thursday night, when Wil! T. Carleton. barytone, sane, ml Miss Louise Hinds gave several reading? The proceeds were given to _M I*_S_ « LflkJ following women, who interested themselves :n Its success, acted as patronesses: Mrs FMwari C Anderson. Mrs. C V. R. Berry. Mrs. Alexander M. Cash. Mrs. Qasherie De Witt, Mrs W P Fiso muth. Mrs. Joseph D. Ibb^tson. Mrs Niies D. Jewell. Mrs. Myron A. Mests*, M:ss Ftscbwr Mrs. Charles Cook Ransom. Mrs. John A. Sh^:ds. Miss Swift. Mrs. Frank W. Townsend. Mrs. George W. Tunnicllff and Mrs. I>ewee» Wood Progressive euchre at the KendallwoM on Tues day night resulted In the winning of pr'z*s by Mr- Sibelius. Mrs. William Schwab. J. Derm^y. Mrs. Weiller and Mrs li. W. Moore Mrs Samuel D. Edlck. Miss Mary Edick »nd J«&B A. Shields, jr., of Grand View, hive loin-d Mr- John A. Shields at the Tunnicliffe cottage tor t_o week. Miss Annie R. Weaver and Miss rbar'^'e 3. Weaver have arrived at the KemJallwood fer tbeir yearly visit. Miss Florence Leigh, of New York, is the eu#»t of her aunt. Mrs. I>e Witt, at the Earltngwu Among others at that house are Judge P. T Bar low, of New York, who arrived hi his automobil* with his son. S. L. X. Barlow, and General O'Belrne. who also was tn an automobile partr. whose other members Included Mrs. Benedict. Jlr»- E. Virgil Neal and Miss Neal, of Syracu**. : » Prelates at the Earlington are the Right R«». Joseph F. Mooney, of New York, and th» R*'- James M. Byrne, of Staten Island. The ranks of the young people have been is-; creased by the arrival of Miss Olive Prake-*_SS_ who has Joined Mr. and Mrs. Drake-Smith at **? Tuller. and Mr. and Mrs. Edward Pearsall rMi who are at the -Waiontha. At tn* latreS; house are also Mrs. Robert H. 1 11 gw or t*i. alias. IlUngworth. Robert H. Illlngworth. jr..- anri Rich ard D. Illlngworth. of Newark, who- cam# here <■- their touring car. t * v Other automobile parties included Mr and Mrs.' Joseph Mayer, of New Tork. at the B*rkel*yr ■Walontha: Simeon Perkins and the Misses PerVu**> of Sharon. Perm.; Mrs. Edward Knger. Mhsi Kn*ec and Edward V. Enger. of Chicago, who are at.tlw Karlington. E?->i>; :•-•?' A tennis tournament has been in process duriaj the week on the Spring Park courts, t!v play*" competing being Albert Getman. Albert W J«^r eon. Bd. Taller Townsend. David S. Barry. jr.. V.'Ot lam N. Tuller. WillUm Schwab. Richard Kilt% Richard Carey. M. A. Mack. V.'. C. Mahan. B-vJ: Harman. R. E. Beaton. Harold Conklln and M-T* ahall E. Kinne. • "", HE KNEW HIS MAMMA. Neighbor— Bertie, your mother Is calling you. Kertle—Yes'm. 1 know it. but I fancy she doai want ■M very badly. ' -f»rf - Neighbor-But she has tailed you seven «s»« already. .. M ...t. Eertie— Yes. 1 know, but she hasn't called ** fcert" >eL-P_U_OAlphxa la-iuiror.