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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, September 19, 1908, Image 6

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ALHAMBRA— 3— S— Vauile\-llle-
AMERICAN— 2:I5 — iUcol«U(>— s:ls— Ffflcra.
>STOR T:s<»— S:30 — The Man from lIome
.BEIiASCO— 2-.15 — S:2O— The Devil.
'BLANEY'S — 2 — Vaudeville. ■ j-. .*.<
BROADWAY— 2:IS-* Algeria.
CASINO-«2:ls— «:ls— The Mimic World.
CtßGLe— 2:ls— B:ls— Sctoc.l Days.
<"RITERION — 2:15 — SS — Fluffy Kaßea.
VAL.TTS — 2:15 — — Girls.
EDE.V MUSEB— The Worli! in Wax.
s^-T^ 5 -Moi!u Th ;r^^ * ™
-,:_2_o— Sport in ß P B 'T7, B * t "" 1^
Hn>eON-2:15-«:15--The Call of «J«^"p^j Gotten-
KXirKEKBOCKER— 2:IS— S.lo— The Glrl« ol ooi.eu
LIFKKTT- :15— ■Wildfire.
JL.YCEI.-M— lx.ye Watches.
t VRIC 2 — £>-20 — Glorious B*t.«> _„„_
NEW AMSTERDASI-2:l»-S:l5-The Merry Widow.
SEW TORK— I.V-S:ls-Follies CTI9OS.
S=AVOY— 2:ls— fc:ls— Diana of Dob«on«.
%\-<VLI.ACK-S-2:15-S:ls-Theßeceneratlo .
WEBER'S— 2:IS —^:3(M-Pald In Fuil-
I r to Advertisements.
Board & R008J6.....H » Ocean Steamers.... ...ll |
m^i tell i
rcrt& 1 Resort, .' : 95^ Ur.f urnlshed Apart«-W
' r«xasbed room ;« M ? l .w»k I w«n^v.v.::::ii 1-2
Help Wactei." II H '— : '
•Ctftflitirk 3ail» .Sailwmr.
" This neirspapcr is owned and puttlishcJ By
The Trilune Association, a Xetc York corpora
tion; office, and principal place of business,
-Tribune Building, Xo. mXassau street, yew
.York; Ogdcn Mltls, president; yathanicl Tuttlc,
tnretarii and treasurer. The address of the
officers is the office, of this newspaper.
,i '";■--' — — —
FOREIGN*.— Over eight hundred new cases ot
cholera have been reported at St. Petersburg in
the thirty-six hours ended at midnight. o\ er a
thousand" cases have appeared among the sarrl
sons at the capital: the disease has gained a
foothold in Odessa. ==A dispatch from Cap-
Jain Downie, of the Aeon, the long missing Brit
ish steamer, said that all the passengers *ere
safe oTchristmas Island, about one thousand
miles south of the Hawaiian group. = The
American battleship fleet left Albany on its
journey of 3,600 miles to -Manila. === A battle
Is imminent at Tabriz, the commander of the
Nationalists having refused a dema"nd for sur
render. ===== General Luard. whose wife was
.murdered on August 24. committed suicide by
throwing himself in front' of a train. ===== Rain
checked the forest fires in Ontario; clouds of
emoke are hampering railway and steamship
traffic in Car-ads. = Three members of the
crew ot the Panama Railroad steamer Colon
lost their lives by noxious gases in the hold: the
vessel, badly battered by the hurricane, arrived
Colon. ; . ■ ■ «" . •'■ .'
DOMESTIC— Mr. Taft -will speak with Mr.
'Bryan at- the Chamber ef Commerce dinner in
' Chicago on October 7, and also at Galesburg,
111., on the same day. ===== Conclusive reasons
■why he. a Southerner and a Democrat, would
eurport Mr. . Taft were made public by Silas
Mcßee; 'editor of "The Churchman." == Sen
»tdr Forakcr explained that his connection with
•' the Standard Oil Company, asset forth in the
letters made public by W. R Hearst, was that
nf counsel, and that 1t ceased before there was
any federal action apainrt the company. — —
The conditicriTefii^rAine.W^i&Ut. the aeroplanist,
ivas improved ;I£e tests "wHT be continued. =====
Plans for the forthcoming International Tuber
-culpsis Conference in Washington were an
ntnjnceJ. ■===== A cable rriessage received at
' Boston ■ stated that the British ship Temandra,
badly disabled. « had put into Barbados; it is
believed that she 'was in collision with- the Spar
tan Prince on August T. ===== Congressman
James S. Sherman was the principal speaker on
interstate day- at the State Fair at Syracuse.
===== It was announced at -'Albany that State
Committeeman . "Vrilham Barnes, jr.. would in
troduce Governor Hughes at a serenade to be
Zendered the latter in front of the State Capitol
next Monday night. " . -^ _ .
CITY. — Stocks were strong. === Joseph
Bolotovsky, a wealthy broker, was held on an
extortion charge. ===== ' The wU> of Giovanni P.
Morosini. the banker, was filed for probate.
' w Governor Cunjmins of lowa said his state
would give Taft and Sherman 50,000 plurality.
' s=== The big elephant Luna broke loose in the
Bronx Zoological Park and took refuge in the
reptile bouse, where Director Hornaday and the
keepers spent the night guarding her. ■- W.
J. Bryan spent a busy day conferring with lead
ers at the Hoffman House and making speeches
before large audiences at the Commercial Trav
ellers* Democratic League and at Carnegie Hall.
■ —j. Elwood Cox. Republican candidate for
• Govensor of North Carolina, predicted that Taft
■•would carry that state. ===== All the steamers
'reported' heavy seas and terrific winds. =====
John D. Archbold denied Mr Hearst's strictures
on the Standard Oil Company. ===== A Standard
Oil Company official said letters desired by the
. government had been destroyed. = Controller
Metz replied to the charges of the Civil Service
Reform Association. ■ More than four hun
dred workers registered at the new evening
trade school.
". TH"E \TEATHER. — to- day and to-mor
row, fresh west winds. The temperature yester
day: Highest. SO degTees; lowest, 62.
- ; . '-- FEyALIZiyG THRIFT.
- Trs announcing that he would support Mr.
Bryan for the Presidency, the Hon. Richard Ol
ney, of Massachusetts, failed to call attention
* to the benefit which would accrue to Massachu
setts -If Mr. Bryan as President should succeed
Sn getting one of his pet schemes for making
people happy ct the expense of their neighbors
■ embodied in legislation. He forgot to dilate on
" the advantages ■ to Bay State bank depositors
of tlie Biyaii 6cheme of making good the losses
ef bafily managed banks out of the assets of
better managed Institutions. Mr. Olney may
seek to excuse himself for this oversight on the
ground that though he desires Mr. Bryan's elec
tion he desires it only on the understanding
that tile Nebraska statesman Is not to be per
. mltted to put any of his past, present or future
policies into practice. But there are voters in
•Massachusetts and elsewhere unsophisticated
enough to think that when they support a man
for the Presidency they indorse his political
views and help to give' him a mandate to carry
out the principles which he proclaims as a can
■~^djdate. These voters would have been more im
pressed by'Mr;O!ney;e appeal if, for instance,
be had tried to prove how advantageous to the
"bank depositors in his own state would be tue
compulsory blind pool to guarantee deposits la
every state advocated by Mr. Bryan.
" According to statistics collected by "The Bos
ton Transcript," the depositors in Massachu
setts backs, had Mr. Bryan's . scheme been in
effect in the last .ten years, would have paid
out a little more than $14,000,000 to make good
losses In other states, and would have received
in return "about" $40,000. Massachusetts has 19S
■national banks, 189 savings banks and 46 trust
companies, with total deposits of $1,135,872,725.
The annual assessment of % of 1 per cent cal
culated as necessary under the terms. of the
Bryan-Williams guarantee bill now pending in
Congress would be $1,419,841. For the ten year
period, IS3S-100S, the payments into the guar
antee fund would have amounted to $14,198,411.
What were the losses to Massachusetts deposi
toTS lc that period? Depositors in savings banks
.last . nothing.. Those.. depositing in trust com
penlee Buffered a slight paper - loss, ; wl#3i is
bring made good out of the assets of the only
suspended trust company. There are unadjust
ed claims of $314,002 against national hanks.
noarly nil of which will be paid in the course of
liquidation. Tin' actual loss to depositors in
kinks whose affairs have been wound up has
been $39,070. To insure the return of that
$.10,070 Massachusetts would havo paid a sum
thirty-five and a half times as great— one of
the most altitudiuous insurance rates on record.
Representative E. J. Hill, of Connecticut, de
monstrated a few weeks ago what such ■ guar
antor blind pool would have cost Connecticut.
That state in the last ten years under the Bry
an-WUliams plan would nave paid out 54.255,
547 and received $31,387. Every community, in
fact, in which banks were soundly managed and
depositors were numerous would have been
forced to contribute under the Bryan-Williams
scheme to make good the losses of banks in
communities where banking conditions were
less sound and speculation was prevalent. The
compulsory pool would be an unjust discrimi
nation against prudence and economy and in
favor of carelessness and dishonesty. Those
who indorse Mr. Bryan's candidacy must logic
ally indorse his attack on the states whose
banks stand highest in point of efficiency and
The state Democratic platform says that the
"system of governing the state by commissions"
was "never contemplated by the constitution"
and that it has "taken from the constitutional
"officials of the state the power which should be
"directly wielded by them." But the system was
in existence long before the constitution of 1593
was adopted, and that document has not a word
to say against it— indeed, definitely recognizes
it by making certain of the commissions consti
tutional bodies. The constitution does nothing
to take away power from the commissions and
restore it to the "constitutional officials," whose
prerogatives the Democratic platform so jeal
ously" regards. New commissions had been cre
ated and the functions of those existing had
been Increased in the years just preceding the
constitutional convention. If the constitution
did not contemplate government by commission,
why did it not check a departure from "consti
tutional lines" which could hardly have escaped
the attention of its framers?
Here are a few of the more important commis
sions which were in existence at the time the con
stitution of 1895 was adepted : The State Railroad
Commission, whose successors are the Public Ser
vice Corumissions ; the Commissioner cf Agricult
ure, the State Civil Service Commission, the
State Tax Commission, the State Lunacy Com
mission and the State Board of Charities.
These last two commissions were made consti
tutional bodies by the constitution cf 1895. Be
sides these there were certain other commis
sions, having charge of parks, reservations and
other Interests, whose functions are not so im
portant or so general as to deserve attention
here. The only important commissions existing
to-day which the framers of the constitution
could not have contemplated are the Public Ser
vice Commissions, which succeeded the Railroad
Commission and the Rapid Transit Commis
sion, the State Excise Commission, the Forest,
Fish and Game Commission and the Commission
on Prisons. Thus it will be seen that the system
was already well developed when the constitu
tion was adopted.
Nor is It a Republican creation, as the Demo,
cratic platform implies. Several of the commis
sions originated in Democratic administrations,
and many of them had their powers widely ex
tended by Democratic legislatures and Demo
cratic governors. Nor can a distinction be
drawn between the Lunacy Commission and the
Board of Charities, whose existence the consti
tution recognises, and such regulative commis
sions as have been created under Governor
■Hughes's administration, so that it may be said
these latter were not contemplated by the con
stitution. The State Railroad Commission, the
prototype of the Tublic Service Commissions, was
created in 18S2. its first members being appointed
by Governor Cleveland. It sought to regulate
the railroads of the state, but it had not sulfi*
cient power to enforce its own rulings. It was
created under the Impression that when It had
made an investigation and reported a decision
public opinion would be adequate to give it
force. It failed, but nevertheless it was intended
to do in a slightly narrower field just what the
PuMic Service Commissions are doing. It was
government by commission in the same sens*
precisely as they are government by commission.
Its operations were perfectly familiar to the
constitutional convention of 1894. and the sys
tem so generally in use at that time was dis
tinctly contemplated by the constitution.
As the business of the state becomes more vast
and complicated commissions are the only prac
ticable method of dealing with some parts of it,
as a mere glance at the list of such bodies men
tioned earlier in this article will show. Their
careless and excessive multiplication ought to
be prevented, but in what a state of chaos would
the affairs of New York be if they were all legis
lated out of existence and their powers restored
to the "constitutional officials" !
Another illustration of the manner in which
desire sometimes outruns discretion is afforded
in Mr. Andrew Carnegie's letter to Mr. Richard
Bartholdt, of the Interparliamentary* Union.
The chief object of the union is the establish
ment of a "federation of the world" and the in
cident or consequent abolition of war. Univer
sal peace is likewise the object of Mr. Car
negie's earnest desire, toward the attainment of
which he has given much thought, time and
nioner. In view of this year's meeting of the
union at Berlin. Mr. Carnegie turned his mind
toward the German Emperor, as he has done
before, and pictured the possibility of his being
transformed in a twinkling from a war lord
into a world-dominating prince of peace. The
possibility and the facility of such a transfor
mation seem not to be doubted by Mr. Carnegie,
nor does he question the entire practicability of
the immediate abolition of war and establish
ment of universal peace. The German Emperor
has it witton his power. "All he has to do,"
declares Mr. Carnegie, "is to ask Great Britain,
"France and the United States to unite with
"him in declaring that the time has passed when
"any one civilized nation can be permitted to
"Wreak that peace In which all are so deeply
It is an engaging proposition, a consummation
devoutly to be wished. But it Is to be feared
that despite the authority of Mr. Carnegie's
benevolence and indubitable sincerity the aver
age thoughtful man, mindful of history' and of
the ways of nations In their dealings with oue
another, will regard it as visionary beyond all
limits of practical consideration. That the four
nations mentioned could Impose peace upon the
world if they united for the purpose utaj per
haps be granted. Their united power of army
and navy would be irresistible. But thty could
thus impose peace only by the maintenance of
the "bloated armaments" which Mr. Carnegie
deplores, and probably also by their occasional
use. They could keep the peace, but they would
now and then have to fight for it; and there
would probably grow up in other lands, near or
remote, militant powers of resistance and defi
ance which would make the work nf the>e in
ternational policemen more and me arduous —
unless, indeed, the four should establish at once
a tyranny over all lesser powers and forcibly
compel them to disband their armies and pro
vent them from creating others, a tyranny
which would not promote the spirit of peace and
brotherhood among men.
Beyond that, however, we must doubt the
probability of such ready acquiescence in tho
Gorman Emperor's proposed invitation as Mr.
Carnegie perceives. Not one of the three couu
tries named, says Mr. Carnegie, could afford to
Njfect the invitation. Why not? Every one of
them has again and as^in declined invitations
of equally benevolent Intent, but of less scope
and weight of responsibility. If they could re
ject invitations to uiake peace on a small scale,
with little or no involvement of responsibility,
they would probably be much more likely to de
mur at an invitation to proclaim universal
peace and to pose themselves as the arbiters
of all mankind. Instead of their all instantly
accepting and acting upon the Kaiser's invita
tion, it is far more probable that they would all
hesitate and finally find excuses for declining.
Commanding as is the German Emperor's au
thority and great as is the respect which the
world at large would undoubtedly give to his
utterances or proposals— and the same may be
said of the chief of any of the other states men
tioned—it is scarcely to be assumed that he has
the power to say "Let there be peace!" and
thereby assure the infallible establishment and
reign of peace. It is not in human power thus
to impose a fiat upon the passions of humanity.
Mr. Bryan, it appears, does not sympathize
with the curious idea, advanced by "The New
York World" and the Hon. Richard Olney, that
voters ought to support him with a zeal and de
votion directly dispro portioned to their belief in
his policies. His mind is so constituted that he
cannot understand the motives of those of his
supporters who proclaim themselves anti-Bryan
Bryanites. • In his view, as In that of most nor
mal persons, there should be only Bryan Bryan
In an interview in this city yesterday the Ne
braska leader, discussing the conditions under
which recruits to a party or a cause are wel
comed, said:
A party always welcomes the support of those
who agree with the policy it is pursuing. It not
only welcomes the return of those who in the
past have separated from the party, but it wel
comes those of other parties who are willing to
act with it either temporarily or permanently.
. . Our platform will itself debar those who
are opposed to our policies.
<5o it ought to. in a world where logical mo
tives govern. Why should newspapers and
statesmen support a man for the Presidency
and at the same time discredit him by saying
that they do not approve of his policies and
hope that those policies will never be carried
into effect if he is elected? Why should they be
for him and against what he stands for? Why
should they accept Bryan and try to reject
By a strange coincidence Europe and Amer
ica have within a few weeks witnessed aero
nautic tragedies of world-wide interest. In both
instances an inventor of distinction, after mak
ing new and astonishing records, met with a
sudden reverse. Both men had contracts for
supplying a government with an airship for
military use. Both had virtually demonstrated
their ability to comply with the exacting condi
tions of their contracts. Both, in the very hour
of a splendid triumph, were overtaken by disas
ter. Their machines, the product of years of
study and experiment, were wrecked almost in
an instant.
By far the more lamentable of these accidents,
however, was the one which occurred in Amer
ica. The aeronaut, Mr. Orville Wright, was
badly hurt, and his companion. Lieutenant Self
ridge (who had been detailed to observe the
conduct of the machine), was killed. Count Zep
pelin lost his airship only. Neither he nor any
of the dozen men who had accompanied him on
the voyage which ended at Stuttgart was in
jured in the least. Besides, bitter as was his
disappointment for a few hours, the destruction
of his balloon elicited expressions of sympathy
and pledges of financial help which robbed his
misfortune of its sting. Though neither Mr.
Wright nor the brother who .has co-operated
with him in aeronautic work has occasion for
self-reproach, it will long be a source of sorrow
to them that others than themselves sufferel
through their experiments-.
While it may never be ascertained in what
manner the first trivial incident led to the final
result, it is apparently established that the pri
mary cause of the disaster at Fort Myer was
the breaking of a propeller blade. The propel
lers were of wood and were new. It is quite
possible that if metal (steel or aluminum
brouzej had been used the vibrating wire said
to havo cut the propeller would not have pro
duced such serious. damage. Yet the propellers
which had enabled Mr. Wright to achieve the
surprising successes of the last fortnight were
also of wood.
It is too soon to draw conclusions concerning
the relative merits of the aeroplane and the
dirigible balloon. Against the accident to the
Wright macfiine while in the air may be offset
the explosion of Severo's airship In France v hile
It was a mile above the earth a few years a*co.
Even Count Zeppelin has had his troubles. To
render travel through the air entirely safe may
never be feasible, but there can .be little doubt
that further approaches to that end will be
made in both of the types of airship in which
the United States government has taken an in
terest. The Secretary of War shows good sense
in evincing willingness to give the Wright broth
ers another chance to fulfil their engagement.
Homes rather thau pensions for the aged, or
at any rate homes:, whether with or without
pensions, are the basis of a characteristically
thrifty scheme which is now being praetimlly
worked out in France. Its chief author is M.
Alexandre Ribot, the eminent economist and
former Prime Minister, who is one nf the fore
most of those conservative Republicans who re
sist all tendencies toward socialism. It was
during a parliamentary discussion of the old
age pensions system, and as an alternative to
or substitute for that system, which he disliked,
that he conceived and formulated the home
stead plan. He and bis colleagues prevailed
upon the government majority to sanction the
practical trial of it on a small scale, and that
trial is now being made. If it proves success
ful there will be an effort to extend it greatly,
with the hope of thus solving one of the chief
social and industrial problems of the time.
The aim of M. Ribot's system is to induce
and to aid city laborers to invest their savings
in small rural homesteads, to which they can
retire to spend their old age. if not in ease
and dignity at least in comfort and indepen
dence. Even If the pension system is adopted,
it is suggested that pensioners may use a part
of the stipends which are granted to them for
the purchase of homes. The law provides for
the division of land, through the agency of a
guarantee company, into plots of about half an
acre each. Such a plot will co6t $240, but the
purchaser need not wait until he can pay the
full amount. Au initial payment of $4S is all
that is required, and the rtst may be paid in
four yearly instalments. If the purchaser has
not the $4S, he can obtain a loan from the gov
Each purchaser is required to engage that he
or his children will faithfully cultivate the little
plot, and also to insure his life. Of course, the
area of land is small. In this country it would
be regarded as too small for a garden. But to
French industry and thrift even half an acre
means much — certainly much more than a
couple of rooms in a city tenement. It seems'
probable, too, that city people will be willing
to take such homes in the country, the love of
rural life being pretty strong and general
among the French people. It Is true that al
ready the land of France is more minutely sub
divided than that of any other important coun- j
t.'y. Vet hi many departments there is room |
for further subdivision, and there is a consider- |
able area of good land which has loug been
neglected almost to the point of abandonment.
The settlement of city workingmen, superan
nuated or not, upon such land, and the conse
quent endowment of each one of them with a
material interest in the country, may be ex
pected to promote both the welfare of the in
dividual and the political stability of the stnte.
The Commissioners of Accounts have again
shown their usefulness in unearthing a scandal
In the bureau of licenses, and the Mayor has
promptly suspended the chief and deputy chief
of the bureau until the responsibility for the
abuses can be traced.
The accusation is that street pedlers and
pushcart men have been charged larger fees
than the law requires for licenses to ply their
trade. If this is true it Is the meanest form of
graft, for the victims axe mostly poor- and ig
norant of the langurge and customs of the city.
They are probably the prey of others besides
extortionate officials or employes of the bureau
! of licenses, for they are dependent on the favor
iof the police and the petty politicians. If the
Commissioners of Accounts bold public hearings
in their Investigation they may develop all the
facts regarding the various elements that lay
the street dealers under contribution, and per
hnps throw some light on the proper manage
ment of a business whose existence in the over
crowded streets is not regarded with general
, favor.
"The New York World" says of the Demo
cratic state platform: "It is a betrayal of Dem
"ocratic principles; it is a betrayal of the Dem
i "ocratic party; it is a betrayal of the Democratic
"masses." It is true, however, to the position
which the Democratic party in the Legislature
has taken during the Hughes administration and
will take if the Democratic ticket is successful.
The party is boss ridden, and Its bosses always
i represent "the Interests."
It is reported that the burglars who entered
I Mark Twain's house took silverware because
1 they couldn't take a joke.
The Republican party has reached a point where
It dare not pause. Lake the dram drinker, it must
continue "its debauch witn ever increasing quantities
of stimulant, until a general ruin Involving as well
as itself the entire people closes the chapter of nis
tory.-Ex-Judge Alton B. Parker, before the Demo
cratic State Convention.
This picture must have caused a good deal of
gloom at Rochester. If the Republicans are to
keep on and hold on until they plunge the Re
public in ruin, how are the offices ever going to
be transferred to the Democrats? Why dash
the hopes of so many valiant patriots ready "to
save the country"?
When Mr. Bryan says that "what a man
jvants to believe is very easy to believe." he
speaks with the ample authority of one who
"The World" intimates that the election of
the Hen. "Fingey" Conners as United States
Senator in case the Democrats carry the Legis
lature this year would be neither felicitous nor
appropriate. But why not? Mr. Conners 13 the
logical candidate for Senator of an organization
controlled by himself, Mr. Murphy and Mr. Mc-
The fleet leaves the hospitable waters of the
Australian Commonwealth for a harbor under
the American flag. It is an impressive thought
that when it Is 'n those constructively "horaa
waters" it will be at the other side of the world.
The arrest of i* book ;. ent for swindling a
I customer with so-called rare books at more than
a hundred times their real value is a cheering
assurance that the world is making progress
toward the millennium.
Brooklyn is Brooklyn once more. It again has
its Academy of Music.
The German Emperor's declaration to the
Interparliamentary Union that peace is a mat
ter which is especially close to his heart may
unhesitatingly be accepted as sincere. If he had
not been truly devoted to the maintenance of
peace there would have been a general European
war years ago. A statesman or a ruler Is no
less a lover of peace who demands It with honor
or with justice than is he who clamors for it at
any price.
A Cornell student who spent the summer In the
West made a successful trip from St. Louis to
Ithaca last week as an amateur hobo. He left St.
Louis Wednesday night on the front end of the
"blind baggage" of a Rock Island train, and the
ride to Chicago was easy. Thursday was spent in
Chicago, as he did not care to take the chances of
a daylight ride. In relating his story to the boys
en arrival at Ithaca, he said: "That night I took
a trolley to the outskirts of the town and caught
the Lake Shore for Buffalo at a coal yard. Of the
seven tramps on the train, another fellow, a brass
worker, and I were the only ones who got to Buf
falo. The others were 'ditched. From Buffalo I
caught the 'easy' Lthigh, and here I am. I had
shipped my trunk on to Ithaca, so all was well.
If these automobile fanatics think they go some,
let them ride on the platform of a baggage or
mail car while th? train is making a bit better
than sixty miles."
Lady (engaging servant)— what did you do
at your last place?
Candidate for situation— Nothin". as you may say,
mum. I was just useful 'elp.— Punch.
In view of the movement toward the beatification
of Pope Pius IX. says the Italian correspondent of
a Frankfort paper, the much discussed question,
•Was Pio Xono a Free Mason?" is again a subject
for discussion. When the assertion was first made
many years ago the anti-clerical papers published
a statement purporting to come from the master
of Calena Acterna Lodge, of Palermo. In which the
record appears that "at the meeting in the first
half of the month of March, 1839, Giovanni Farretti
Maatal was accepted into the order according to
the ancient rites." In contradiction the - Church
authorities publish a statement through Monsignor
Varruzzi to show that at the time mentioned Bishop
Mastai (Pope Pius) was at Imola and could not
have been proposed for membership at Palermo.
Furthermore, the person whose initiation v.as re
corded at Palermo must have been another Mastai,
because he who became Piu* IX always wrote his
name Giovanni Maria MasUi Farretti. As further
proof that the Free Mason *tory is groundless, a
Church paper contained In 1830 a statement, signed
by Adrianno Lemmi. gfand master of Italy, that
no evidence could be found to establish the con
tention that Popv* Plus IX had ever taken upon
himself tha obligations of Free Masonry.
Mrs. Grumpy— Women have all the troubles in
1 Mr.^Grumpy— Except one; they don't have wives.—
Mr. Grumpy— Except one; they don't havo wives.—
Illustrated Bits.
It is reported from Wayne County, New York.
uiat the farmers have been studying the habits
of the Mongolian pheasant, and that many of
them are inclined to reverse their opinions and
advocate further protection for the handsome
birds. "It is declared," saya "The Rochester
Democrat and Chronicle." "that observation
proves that the food of the pheasant consists of
noxious insects in far greater proportion than
grain. In this way many farmers are coming
to think the good in the bird far outbalances the
evil. It is urged that th« farmer can well afford
to share the little grain eaten by the pheasants,
in view of the vast benefit accruing from the
destruction of ravenous insects. As this view
has been advanced by scientific observers, the
pheasant should b« driven a fair chance for Its
They were looking up at the latest skyscraper.
"But what are those things sticking out from the
aides?" asked UM upstatft ortaad ■ . .
• Thosf-? Oh, those are mile-posts!" answered
the Now Yorker.—
About Teopte and Social Incident*
Many <vjt-of-to-wn weddings of Int-rest to >
York society are «chedu'.<>d for to-day, ajsjossrl
being that of Miss Mary Emily Sands and the
Hon. Hugh Melville Howard at Southampton.
Long Island. The ceremony will take place this
afternocn in St. Andrews Dune Church. Btshop
Greer officiating, assisted by the Rev. W. Trader,
of East Hampton, and afterward a reception whl
be held at Shoreham, the country home of the
brides parents. Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Ay mar
Sands at Southampton. Miss Edith G. Clark w;.l
be the maid of honor and only attendant of the
bride Iklerwyn Wingfield. of Burford. England.
will be the best man and Bradlsh G. Johnson. The
odore A. Havemeyer. J. Searle Barclay, jr.. Frank
line C. Hoyt. CharlM E. Sands and Robert C. Sands
the usher 3.
Tho marriage of W. Floyd Kendall and Miss
Marion Douglas, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harry
Douglas formerly of this city, but now living at
Great Barrlngtoa. Mass.. will take place there to
day. Miss Marjoria Kendall. Miss LUa Stanley.
Miss B.ancne Page and Miss Gra?« and Miss Nan
Douglaa will be the bridesmaids.
Still another wedding set for to^lay is that of
Miss Sarnh Thacher- to Lewis Martin Richmond,
son of Mrs. David Richmond, ot Flushing. Long
Island. The ceremony will be held in the Protest
ant Episcopal Church of the Atonement at Tenafly.
X J and a reception will follow at the country
nome' of the bride's parents. Mr. and iirs. Thorn
Thacher. Miss Elizabeth Thacher a niece o^th,
bride, will be her only attendant. Francis R. Rich
mond will be his brother's best man -J^er
will be Newton Rae. Thomas D Thacher. Eyander
B. Schley. Walter Watson Stokes and S. A. sal
vage, of Flushing
Mr. and Mrs. Harry P. Robbing who spent a
few weeks at Bar Harbor. Me., are «P«*ed to^re
turn to Southampton. Long Island, early next
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderbllt wHl^return
from the Adlrondacks the latter part of »«*!?*
After a short stay in town they will go to their
country place at Hyde Park for the fall.
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence M- Hyde, who arrived from
Europe ten days ago. are at their country place.
Greenwich, Conn., for the fall.
Mrs. Richard Irvin. who hi now in Baltimore,
is expected to return to town on September 23.
James De Wolfe Cutting will return to his homa
in East 57th street from Newport on Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. Philip Rhlnelander. who spent the
greater part of th? summer at Spring Lake. N*. J..
have gone to Brlarcliff Lodge to remain a few
Mr and Mrs. C. Ledyard Blair have returned to
town from their yachting trtp to Nova Scotia an.'.
are at the St. Re^.s.
Mr. and Mrs. G. Maurice Heckscher. who are r^w
at" their country placo on Lor.s Island, will go to
Virginia Hot Spring 3 next month for a short stay.
[By Telegraph to Tb* Tribun-.]
Lenox. Sept. is.— Miss Marlon Burbank, daugh
ter of General and Mrs. James Brattle Burbank.
of New York, won the Berkshire County women's
Given to Charles Lucas ia 1816 for Loss of
Land in New Madrid Earthquake.
St. Louis, Sept. IS.— The Shelter, an historic house,
dating from 1816. situated war Normandy, a
fashionable suburb, twelve miles west of St. Louis,
■was burned early this morning. William H. Lee.
prudent of the Merchanta-Lac!ede National Bank
of St. Louis, and his family fle'i from tbe burntnsr
structure In their riigln clothe;*. Mr. Lee estimate
his loss at about $12,000. exclusive of the many heir
looms which the house contained.
The Shelter was given by the state to Charles
Lucas In compensation for his loss ol lun-I in tho
New.- Madrid earthquake of l^lo. Among the many
friends whom Mr. Lucas entertaine.i
Senator Thomas H. Bentcn. Later they qua:
and Benton killed Lucas in a duel on Bloody Islaml,
opposite St. Louis.
Stephen Morris Underbill, of this city. W
Tied at Minneapolis on last Saturday to MM Editii
Lilian Hoyt, the ceremony in the Friend
ing House being followed by a reef.
home of the bride's brother-in-law and sbteK Mr.
and lira. Charles Pearson, in James avenue. The
bride, who is a daughter of Mrs. E. J. Hoyt, was
attended by Miss Matilda Witschieber, of Brook
lyn. Harry E. Casa was the best man.
[Br Telegraph to Th^ Tribur.e.]
Fishkill. N. V.. Sept. IS.— The engagement of,tha
Rev. Paul Stratton and Miss Ethel I. Russell, of
Matteawan, was announced . to-day. Mr. Stratton
has just accepted the pastorate of the Day Spring
Presbyterian Church. Ycnkers. For two years he
was pastor of a Presbyterian church at Matteawan.
and Miss Russell scng In his choir. I*B date of the
wedding has yet been set.
Rome. Sept. 18.— The Pope received to-day thou
sands of telegrams and addresses of congratulation
from all parts of Italy and abroad on the occasion
of the fiftieth anniversary of the celebration of his
first mass. The Holy Father celebrated mass person
ally to-day. It had been originally planned to hoM
this service in the Consistorial Hall, but so many
pilgrims and others expressed a desire to be pres
ent that it was found necessary to make use cf
St. Peter's to accommodate the crowd. About
three thousand persons, including eight cardinals
and many archbishops, bishops and patriarchs cf
various nationalities, attended the ceremony. The
United States was represented by Archbishop Far
ley, of New York, and his suite. The archbisho?
was warmly greeted by tha other prelates.
The golden jubilee of Pope Pius X was celebrated
enthusiastically yesterday by the students and fac
•ulty of Manhattan College. Addresses were made
by President Peter on behalf of the faculty and
by William J. Mulrooney for the students. A cable
message cf congratulation was sent to his holiness
and later a reply wa3 received from Romj ex
pressive cf tbe Fope's thanks and conveying his
blessing to the students and iaculty. At the cere
monies In Rome the college ia represented by two
o£ Its trustees, Brother Joseph and the Rev. Brother
We have aV'Albany as Governor a man to
whom the eyes of the whole pesp'e ar» turned,
because Governor Hughes has cone his duty
rot only as Governor cf the state, but as Gov
ernor of the people also. But is he the only
honest Governor the state has ever had? No. I
would call to your minds a man who t.-avei!;J
the same read as Governor Hi'flhoo. as i-.onast,
as fearless, who ultimately became, as Govsrrtor
Hughes may yet become. President.
And yet, did h« receive, as Gavernor Hughes
is receiving, the support of all good thinking,
sensible people? No. Because party feeling ran
too high and public opinion was dominated by
party ideas and psople were not ready to accord
enthusiastic support to ali ood work, no matter
what the party of its p«rform«r.— Lieutenant
Governor Chanler. at the Hotel Men's dinner.
December 3. 1907. ,
I regret the absence of the foremost citizen of
the state, Governor Hughes. 1 would like you
to hear from him his clearsighted views of good
citizenship, especially those who are to vote this
* al n f ° r . the *' rst time - He always answers the
call of duty, and is absent to-day*bscause of his
devotion to affairs of state. To those who think
it strange that I as a Democrat speak thus of a
Republican. I must remind them that w« are
Americans first and partisans afterward. !f we
as Americans are going to help our country, f
state and party we cannot do better than giv« ;
respect and honor to whom it is a u e without re-
e *h *£ Party.— Lieutenant Governor Chanler
at the Dutchess County Fair. 1007. "T^*.
tennis championship t<v<Jay. defeating % iar S3 j^
of players from tiut Lenox aad Stocktetlji tajl*
clubs on the courts of th» Country Club. ia y-S)
Mr and Mrs. Geors* Wlnthrop Fclsoa «sj «w
a largo dance at Sunnystde to-morroTr alg^^
the birthday of the'r daughter. Mlsa Congtl^
Folsom- It 1» tf> be an Italian' iisiiua, *a th»
dancers appearing in Italian eosttssea, The jjj.
dens will be Illuminated.
Mr. an.l Mr». R- G. Barclay, who ha»» w
gwata of Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Patersoa, hx %
departed for town. „
Mr. and Mrs. William A. Donglaa> wb» w«» •,
Xew York to witness the sailing of Jflai 2. ffl
Glover for Europe, have returned to tha Cart*
Mrs..H- 31. Rogers ard Mrs. C. C. Chapoaa, *
New York, are at th© Curtis Hotel.
Mr?. William Watts Sherman Is to arrtv* Kca
at the Hotel Asplnwall from Newport w.ta a jbm»
of guesrs. who are to motor In the Berkshire!. - -
Mrs. Frank K. Stursrla. Mrs. • WtWasr PoU^
Miss Emily Tuckermaa and others of to* La*,
and Stockbridge colony are to show their valsjKj
dogs at the Berkshire bench thaw oa Sept<ani»?
29. It la the first dog show of the Zjobx cola**,
and Frederick S. Delafleld is ia chars* cf r&» m „
Mr. and Mr?. Hush J. Chlsholm are rasta ej
Mr. and Mrs- Roo*rt Patterson at Blantym
Mr. and Mrs.' Richard Watson GUdar «ste>
talned at Four Brook Farm at loncheoa ta^tj
for Miss Jeannette Gilder, who Is their (Best. Jfc.
and Mrs. Joseph Gilder wiii leave Four Btofc
Farm to-morrow for New York. . ,'."..y
. Thomas Shields Clarke is In New York. ■**&%
he is vvorking on a model of a montisaent for t&»
Gettysburg battlefield.
John Suydam, Jr.. of New York. Is a goest .<*
Mr. and Mr 3. John E. Alexandre at Sprtag Lwn.
Mrs. Rowland Redmond, who has beea a gaag
of Mrs. Frank K. Sturgls. has desarted. tor JTy»
Mrs. Frank K. Stcrgls entertained at fcaciaca
to-day at C'.ipston Grange for her guest. Iflsj
Catherine Harris. The guests w-re Miss EeleiZ»
Alexandre, Miss Catherine Stewart. Mia Georg,
Williams, Miss' Nina. Duval Herbert B. Shaw. X
F. Schenck. Chester W. Burden. Marshall B.K"er
nochan. Richard C. Greenleaf. jr.. aad Gecru
[By I>l«srsph to The TrUwn*. J ~:. .; v>
Newport. Sept. 18. There wera three Cas«
parties here to-night. Mrs. EUsha Dyer. SEar-
Charlotte Peil and Mrs. William E. Glyn bats*
the hostesses. ,'.w
Mr. and Mrs. Charles D© L. Oelrlchs ha*» ce
cided to remain here for a while longer.
Mrs. James P Kernochan and Mr. and Xra
Hugh I>. Auchlncloss will be late- stayers tM» ;
Mr arid Mrs. H O. Havemeyer. Jr. west ta
Tuxedo to-day. * -; ;
Mr. and Mrs. George Gordon King have placed
to make an automobile tour of Scotland «ftc j
they close their Newport season.
Mrs. R. I Gammell ha 3 gone to New York ftr j
a brief stay.
' Dr. J- H. Musser. of Philadelphia, who has bwn
the guest of Mr. and Mrs. J- Thompson Speacer.
has returned to his home
Mr. and Mrs. ■William M. Polk, of New-TarS.
are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. H. Mortiaar
Mrs. George S. Scott. Mls3 Louise Scott rat
Mrs. Henry Redmond departed for New York ts»
Calls It Great Question of tlie Future atEe
Meeting in Bo3lyn.
[Br Telegraph to Tie TrTbuse. ]
Roslyn. >.* V.. Sept. ■ 13.— There H now so dnit
aa to Mr; Clarence H. Mackay*s attitude en flu
woman suffrage question, for at _ the meeting kei!
in the- schoolhouse here tht3 afternoon she spoVi
h;gh!v f»f tlie progress the cause was rnakiajf tsi
urged the young "people and" the- villagers to stair
II ctos*ly. a?. oM said. It was to b« a great <J3S
tion in the nenr future.
Mrs. Harriett Stanton Blatch. president cf tb»
Equality League of Self-Supp«rtiny Women, a!
Manhattan, was the principal speaker. At t&edcss
of the addres9 Mrs. Mackay gave an opportasttj
for Mf one to aek questions, and tha Rev, 5. 0.
Huttcn, of Roslyn. and tTolonel George Harvey. «t
Xew Y.-rk. accepted the invitation. Colonel Hsr
vey gave it as his opinior. that woman's place is
the home could not be taken by any one else, as}
he said there wa? always that to prevent a woajat
from having a? much influence outside.
Ainon* -Urs. Mackay's guests wera Bishop Eesrj
B. Burgess." Mr. and Mrs. W. BourbM Cockras.
Duncan and Mrs. H. Godfrey. Mrs. Mackay s»
ncur.ced" f'nat she would arrange for other meeuae)
on the suffrase Question.
[By Telegraph to Tie Tribune.)
Boston. Sept. 13.— The engagement of C3jK«*
E- . V. Pentecost of the Cunard User Saxoala, sal
Mis 3 Marion Pierce, daughter of Thomas W.
Pierce, of Topsfieid. . Mass.. is reported. CaptaH
Penteccst is an intinmte friend of the farn'.ly. «••
Miss Pierce has rnad"> many trips en his Sea-
Neither Captain Pentecost nor 3CIH Pierce Is yrt
ready to confirm the reported er.jag-ement. C*»"
tain Pentecost has applied for three months" lots.
He wiil take the Saxonia over September 2 a»l
return to America on th© Lasitam
Arnons the passengers who will sail to-day ftt
Europe are:
Mr. an. Mrs. Richard W. I XatJiaa P. Towne- ..
Eattrwin. | o r . aa* Mtsl J. H. Spe»»
Mrs. Curtis Brown. i tng.
A. W. Tair. ; Harry Ar.gelf. Jr.
Mrs. . S. E. iMßja, j Mr. ar.il Mrs. XV. P- I^=^
Miss A. P. Biiby. I Dr. and Mr* Ge«S« ■
llaroi.l C. Bodman. " ] Watjon-
Jt. H. Chamberlain. liTr. ' aad Mrs. Tta«a» X-
Mr. and Mrs. Kussel! llast-| Morriw.
'ns^- [Mien T. Tru<«.
JL-s. L. R. P.Qss. jTVUMani B. Na«K3- "
M W Blr.gSasi. | Miss Olive -Waloott.
Jirs. E. J. Clari. | lira. O P. Ttonas. - _^
■ ;aM. T.i* r«v a cm»»*" "^
J- A. Urncn. ' raa.
.'!.'--. I. yt. Hrook.", - 4 .^ :
TT.a Re. a.zt Mrs. WaltsrlMtw Siiaey J Wttli»s*
G. H Thompson. fMiss Mary Fl:c2. ,
Travellers wao arrivea y^stsrday fross »rsaa
Mr ar.d Mr.' j O. Bnt>r. IMr i-* Mrs. Cs»rSw *
T.-.e K«v. and Jtrs. S. i-srisea. Husae»-
Cadtaan. 1 Hiraer N. LodcwoOt
WtUiaia H. Cran«. .• fMr *ai Mr* WUUaS) • s "
Mr. aad ilrs. W. Baytni Is* _ •- n
Cuttias. j Slshcp a=<t sfr«. »• m
John T. Pccaiastoav ! Wa^cer.
atrs. JK. Fraser. Dob 6» Ferry. 3J. T-— - fj2 j
"E. X.." Stockbrtds* l
Earnei by rentlasj ..;a.j at thetr iuaa« 1k«b«
by Hrlen A. a=d Joseph J. Ru»se! . of CJoa. .
*V • s
IT. B. Johnson. Albany _llii ■■
••The Wi in Sovlng raenacry of CUr» Snassr _j|#
lYevlsualy ackaow leased '_,; *
S pi
Total September 13. 19C3 :.-♦*• _
Contributions, preferably by checJc. nßJi:e3r J^. »f
press order, should be maie payaila to •J o^
and mailed to the TrlbWM Fresh Air FW* •
i'crk. ' .
From The Buffalo Ever.lrs XeW3- rO?*^*
The one newspaper that la e ntill t^. •»•§•*
•told you so" rlaa »s The N **: T ZT+u
whlch on May 3 expressed th *?°£r Re***";
ernor Hughes, seeing he could not wr, ti jc
would not re«Ht "an overwhelmlniT 9
he continue the work he i» now .st"-*
has been more nearly done- 1 *
From The New Tork 'World. ___ t -Ts*
Mr. Mack must •hare JSSSS^ l P l *^
World" over a pro'ended P^ffgf? fii& * £*•
which, while reiterating "lt» * w a <i;fi p'J?***^
principles of Democracy as •f*r^ rT fiv» s ' m
ia framed in the interests of *h« v " 7 .j. -.;
it professes to denounce. . ••

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