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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, October 26, 1908, Image 2

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ej^» NEW -®«S
pirtur* of «ltlifr Mr Baft BC Mr Hushes.
Pictures for 8 Coupons
and One 2c. Stamp.
M*il coupon, to New-Tork WSTissSS
ptelnlr written.
On* only fo«r coupons *«• »«_t «pe<Uy which
pjrtnrr to'— —ted. *
received thirty-day additional time. Secretary
Taft heard a rumor that an effort was being
made to float Philippine railway bonds on the
understacdir-g that they were government bonds,
an*, therefore exempt from taxation.
He promptly caused it to be made public that
they would be subject to the same taxation as
other railroad bonds. At the end of the thirty
cay« Mr. Green appeared and complained that
he had been mis'.-d. as he had understood that
the hearts would be free from taxation and (toe
publication of the fact that they would not had
defeated Ms efforts to raise the necessary capi
Later on Mr. Green, who was obviously
chagrined »t his failure, the speech explained,
applied to two Democratic Senators— Culberson.
of Texas, and Patterson, of Colorado— to cause
an investigation to be made of the awarding of
the franchises. Senator Culberson is known to
have investigated the awards himself and to
have satisfied himself that there was no occasion
for any further investigation, as the whole trans
action had been perfectly' fair and square. In
1908 Secretary Taft prepared a complete report
on the awarding of all '.Philippine railway con
tracts, and the President submitted it to Con
gress It. hi now ■ public document, which all
may obtain for the asking-
It may be stated that Mr. Green's allegation
that Henry W. Taft and Elihu Root were coun
sel for Speyer & Co. hi this case is absolutely
untrue Henry 'VT Taft had bern counsel for
that concern in some cases, but he declined to
have anything to d"» with the Philippine railway
case, as did also <v -.-; Root, and John G Milbum
■w-as' retained. That . Senator Lodge asked the
suppression of any story for the sake of the ad
ministration Is also regarded as absolutely un
As chairman of the Philippine Committee, it
Is believed quite possible that the story cireulat-
I*d1 *d Bar Qreen "was submitted to Mr. Lodge, and
If such was done he doubtless branded it as
laise and wholly unwarranted by the facts, he
being the Senate expert on Philippine affairs.
' and familiar "with conditions In the islands, as
•well a*= the author of the sores under which
all th<=- railroad franchises wer«* granted
i llßßßja Tift cordially greeted the newspaper
xnejx-sut the home of his brother, Henry TV. Taft,
. 3Co M TVest 4Sth street, at • o'clock. His
I brother. Charles P. Taft. was present also.
Judge Taft d'd not exhibit a trace of weariness
en. account of hi.«- hard campaigning, but his
I voice was somewhat hoarse.
"I'm feeling fine.". said he in auswu to ques
tions. **and r^ady to pitch into the last week's
work. It" looks to me as if the schedule this
week r-wlll be a little easier than those -in the
"U>st. but' p4bj v *never can tell how many extras
they will crowd 11"
"How about The situation in your own state?
In s*Vn>e- way or ether the impression has pot
arAtinri* that* it Is In the doubtful class," was
'. asked.. ' . . • .
"I ' fwl'^thtsTVi-ay aboyt.-my own state," .said
-Mr,-"EafVj2l»,£rea snarjsing».."lf I can-'t carry
my own state' f had better.- not I"** running for
th" Presidency. There isn't anything- doubtful
about Onto I've been trying to find out who
started thnpe- stories at>out Ohio being 'doubtful.
TThilo I haven't discovered the fellow, I have
my suspicions. If Massachusetts goes Demo
cratic then perhaps Ohio will follow suit. By
the way. how is Massachusetts going?" This
•with a .beamirg face.
*^I have <^rr:{:aigT.'-'5 in twenty-one states,"
paid . Mr. Taft. "I expect to carry all of them
•with the exception of those south of Mason and
I>!xon's line, and possibly Maryland and Mis
souri The situation looks better than at any
previous time, and I shall enter upon the last
lap -»"■*■ the campaign -with a great deal of Interest
and enthusiasm.**
In": answer to a quf-Ftion about the effect of
the £r**eches by Governor Hughes. Judge Taft
'I lael deeply grateful to Governor Hughes
for what he has done for me. He made a splen
did impression everywhere he went. His Young*
tc--»-r: pr>eech was a classic. I hope that the
work he did for the national ticket in the
"Western States, by giving the people as a whole
'a clearer idea of his ability, helped him in his
©•wt! state."
Judge Taft •will leave here this forenoon at
10: SO o'clock by special train for New Haven.
He will return here in the afternoon. To-night
.he will gtv-e all his time to Brooklyn, his sched
,-ule. being printed c-lsewhere. After the three
days in and around New Tork City. Judge Taft
-w-TJ ftart at midnight on Thursday for Syracuse,
which he, w!ll reach at 8:30 a. m. leaving soon
after for Lyons, and arriving in Rochester. In
the. afternoon he will sp^ak in Canadaigua, Ge
neva, Seneca Falls. Auburn and Syracuse. Fri
day he arBI speak in OneJda. Rome, T'tica. Bata
via Bad Buffalo, and or. Saturday in Elmira,
"Waverly, *">wego. Binghamfon, Cortland. Ithaca
ar.fl Rochefter.
It has been suggested that if certain rules
•which have been adopted for the government of
Judge Tact's movements were made public in
The Tribune it would save considerable con
Oriental Rugs
Mahal, Ferregltan, Meshed,
Goeravan, Kirmans&ah and In
dia Weaves
Sizes '2* by 616 1 V to 2* 3* by 16' 2"
Greatly Reduced Prices
Also special assortment of small Ori
ental RII3S at $12 and $18 each.
fuFlon at those points -which Judge Taft will
visit durine the veek. It is the desire of the
candidate at all shr>rt stops to speak from the
rear platform, where that can be arranged, as
It saves the time and effort necessary to trans
fer the party to a stand or auditorium. When
such transfer is necessary it Is an Inviolable
rule that the carriage or automobile in which
Mr. Taft rides shall also accommodate Colonel
Daniel Ransdall. who is In charge of the party,
one of the official stenographers and. on the box
or front seat. J. M Markham. who is a member
of the party and assist? Mr. Taft through
crowds, etc. Thi? leaves room In the conv?y
anre with Mr. Taft for only one member of the
local committee at such points as he is not ac
companied by the Governor.
The second conveyance is required for the
■member? of Mr Taffs Immediate party, includ
ing J3mes T Williams, jr.. who is acting as sec
retary to the candidate; Dr. J. J Richardson,
the throat specialist, who travels with Mr. Taft.
and others who travel in the Taft car. The
third and fourth conveyances are required for
the ten newspaper correspondents who travel
continuously with Judge Taft and are regarded
a:= members of his Immediate party. It is be
lieved that publication of these arrangements
will avert the confusion which has often re
sulted from the filling up of the first three or
four carriages or automobiles with the commit
teemen who act ns hosts to the party.
An effo;-t is also being made to restrict the
number of local committeemen who board the
Taft special. us-uaHy one or two stations before
their city is reached, to five Judge Taft re
quires the time between stations tr. rest and to
think - Jt his next speech, and the crowding of
his car by local eommitteemen merely forces
him to retire to his small stateroo;n.
A Pullman car bl carried next to the Taft pri
vate car for th» use of local eommitteemen, and
they are welcome in restricted numbers, but
their prevalence in some Western states, notably
in Indiana, made it necessary to send out in ad
vance the request that not more than five from
any one point board the train in advance.
Democrat Comes. Out Also for
Hughes, Praising P. S. Late.
Edward B. Whitney, a prominent Democrat, who
has twice voted for Bryan, delivered a speech at
Loth Hal! on Saturday night. in which he came out
very strongly for Governor Hughes, and announced
also that he would vote for Mr. Taft. He discussed
several features of the Governor's administration
and spoke particularly about the -work of the Pub
lic Service Oc mm!ssif<n.
Mr Whitney was spoken of prominently for chair
man of the commission, and was two years ago
the candidate of the Judiciary Nominators for
Justice of the Supreme Court. He is c corporation
lawyer, -who has had a large amount of experience
in representing both street railways and steam rail
roads. He understands the subjects thoroughly, and
his views, therefore, are entitled to much weight.
He said:
Now. I suppose that most of you remember that
there was a time not long: ago when we all had
free transfers here on the surface railroads, which
have since been taken from us. There isn't any
free transfer law any longer in this city that
will do Ui any good. There has been an idea
among the general public that we had a law that
required every railroad to give a transfer at
every' point of intersection to every other railroad,
but there never was any such law at all. All
that the law provided was that tvnen one rail
road was operating another it must give a trans
fer from any one point on the lines of either to
cny other point on the lines of either for a single
fare. That was all the law there was about it.
And so. last year, - me creditors of the street
railroad stem went to the federal courts and
got receivers appointed, and those receivers have
broken down the system
Now, there is Just one statute of this state un
der which we have a right to have th« railroad
companies forced to make through rates and
transfer passengers for a single fare, and that
is the Public Service commissions law, which was
put through the Legislature by the popular voice
and under th« leadership of Governor Hughes
People ask why. if there is such a law, the Public
Service Commission does not enforce it right off
end make the railroad companies give us these
two rides for 5 cents. The answer to that is that
there isn't anything in that law, and couldn't be
anything In that law and that there couldn't be
anything under the Constitution of the State of
Yew york or the -constitution of the United States
which would permit any commission or any officer
of the government to compel two railroad compa
nies to give a transfer for a nick'.e If they could
not make operatine expenses and a reasonable
profit on whatever capital they have got a rea
sonable right to ask a profit on. Now. that is
prevented bj the Constitution of the United states
and by the first principles of common Justice And
po. even the Public Service Commission, the Gov
ernor, or the Mayor, or anybody, els? t* ho was
deputed with this right to .force the rai road ; com
panies to establish a through -rate-Js •"**»*• any
Power whatever to force them .to do it for a par
. . • n one th*t wiU t^ t o
f?e l^^\h^ Ip^n^rvic1 p^ n^rvice nd C^m^^ &£
tO The £stimo*ny 0 na g-beeng -been taken in the s^th greet
™«=p the arguments were made there this arter
noon, and Ui! Public Service «nnn«slon has now
cot to sit down and figure out -how tnuch would
L a fair amount to charge .for transfer at j9th
street And ■ tether they will find that it Is 6
cents." or 4 cents, or 6 cents, or whatever sum it
may be. I don't know, and you don know. be
cause neither of us Has read that evidence. But
the only power that there is anywhere to require
the thing to be done at whatever is the cheapest
fate that it can he done, is the power given by
this Public Service Commission Law. and that is
a statute in line with what we have tried for
many years to get adopted. And we never got it
adopted until we got a Governor there at Albany,
who was cl^ar headed and strong and determined
enough to help us f-et It through.
As an old Democrat my*elf. and a subordinate
member of the Cleveland administration, remem
bering that the interstate commerce act, one of
the -at landmarks of oVr legislation, which es
tablished a commission to regulate the rates or
the interstate railroads, was a statute that was
signed by Grover Cleveland, I was surprised to
find the Dem>cratlc state machine coming out this
year and Intending to commit the party to the
proposition. that there ought to be no such com
missions at* all.
A.r Mr Chanler has run on so lone on a plat
lo'rm that he didn't beU«ye In the thing at all.
that there ought not to be any Public Service com
missions at all, and he has been forced off that
platform I suppose the platform that he stands
on now is that he will do the next best Ing to
abolishing them, and the next best thing to abolish-
Ing-them will bo to have them elected.
Indiana polls. *Vt. 25— A marked improvement in
tr.p condition of John W. Kern, jr . wM enable
hi* father to continue his speechmaking, it is un
"My son Is much better." said Mr Kern to
nlgbt. ' V.i- feel hopeful about his condition now.
and I will leave tomorrow on my campaign trip,
as had been planned."
Mr. Kern is scheduled to make a tour of Indiana
in" a special train, leaving Indianapolis early Mon
day morning and winding up Saturday night.
Manufacturers Saij It Is Essential to
Early Return of Prosperity.
Jonathan A. Rawson, Jr., of No. 130 Pearl street,
who represents a large number of American manu
facturers In their export. trade, hns received letters
from dozens of them in various parts of the coi n try
which show a strong loaning in favor of the elec
tion of Taft. and glv« some Interesting information
regarding business conditions and political senti
ment in their respective localities.
The letters are In reply to questions asked b> Mr.
EtawSOO primarily for business reasons, and as the
letters were not written with any fdea of pubUca
tion. Mr. Rawson does not feel justified in mafctns
public the names of the firms.
One of the mist interesting repltes cartv 'mm
the president of a Tennessee corporation, who writes
that, although he is a lifelong democrat he be 1 eves
that business interests demand the election of Mr
Taft. «nd says hp would not be at all surprised if
the Republican national ticket get a small plurillty
Ir. that state. He wrote:
After the serious panic like we had lift fall it
is no time to change horses in the middle of the
stream. While the methods of the Republican
party as regards business supervision are open
to serious criticism, we cannot but feel that great
pood has -finally resulted, and which will be per
We would advise that, from what Information
we have, we think the tickets in this state will
be badly split. The writer has talked with many
Democrats from various points of. Tennessee,
North Georgia and Alabama, and finds a large
number who will vote for Mr Taft this year.
As far as Tennessee is concerned, we would not
be at all surprised to see cast a slight majority
In Mr Taft's favor. Personally, we believe that
Mr Bryan's election would Insure more or lws
troublesome times for 'he next twelve or eighteen
months. If not longer.
Explaining his reason*? for writing to the manu
facturing concerns and giving the results of his
queries. Mr Raw so l said yesterday:
"On October 13 I wrote to twelve manufad Hng
ron<*ems outside New York C!ty whom I n pre
sent for the export trade, chiefly to ascerta; I to
what extent. If any. their trade is affeoted by the
approaching election. My personal interest in the
election, perhaps, led me to ask other questions
of a broader nature. Replies have been received
from all the firms, and I feel that thej
amply justified my curiosity. The fohowlng were
the questions which I submitted to the I
manufacturers, of which there are two In NTew
Jersey. Tennessee and Michigan, and one c
New Hampshire. Massachusetts, Pennsylvania,
Ohio. lowa and New York:
"1. Are you receiving any orders contingent
upon the outcome of the election, or do you know
of other manufacturers who are?
"2. Taft says that his election is essential to
the complete return of prosperity, and Bryan
makes the same claim. In your opinion, whose
election Is the more desirable as a business res
torative? How do the men In your shops feel on
this point?
"3. Which candidate's views on tariff revision
and government supervision of business concerns
are most in accord with your interests as a man
"4. How do your men feel on these Issues 33
related to their own Interests?.
"5. Is there any noticeable change In party
affiliations this year among: your office fores or
your worklnernen? How does the majority In
each department, office and factory, usually vote?"
"Replies from all the firms have been received,
showing a unanimous preference for Taft. The
only semblance of in exception is the manager of
a Michigan firm who declares himself a Repub
lican, but says that on the tariff issue Bryan's
views are more acceptable to him than Taft's, be
. cause of hip desire for reciprocity with Canada.
"In answer to the first question more of the firms
report the receipt of orders contingent upon the
election, but several indicate that considerable
business is being held up pending the result. The
report from New Hampshire says that a large
volume of business is at present held up pending
the result of the election. The following statements
are in answer to the second and third questions:
"We feel that as between Taft and Bryan, the
election of Taft is essential to- the early re-tarn of
prosperity, and believe that In the event of Bryan
election business would receive a temporary but
very serious setback. . - - •■••■■:.".
•We believe that the election of Bryan would tt
moralize "business generally, not because he couid
do any real danger, but because his election would
cause "a lack of confidence- in the business world.
"We fee] that a continuation of the present ad
ministration, such as Mr : . Taff election would in
sure ■ would make far better business conditions
than to have Mr. Bryan elected. •
"We think that Taft's election Is to be desired
and is necessary to the complete return of pros
perity Bryan's election, in our opinion, would re
sult in anything but recovered prosperity.
'•We believe that this country is pigger than
either man and that prosperity will return, who
ever may be elected. We. however, believe that
Taft is the man for the job.
-We feel that the election of Bryan would
frighten the whole country, Democrats as well as
Republicans. -They would simply lie down and wait
to see- what was- going to be done.
••Worse. -things, could, happen ao this country to
day than to see" Bryan elected, and while we desire
stability "and general co-operation among all manu
facturers—and.- in fact, general business harmony—
the interests, that are being developed to-day in
certain manufacturing lines need a little more
Rooseveltism than we have yet had to swallow.
(This letter was written from lowa.)
•'While we do not think the election of either
candidate will .make any great boom or depression
in the business of the country, we have no doubt
that the election of Taft will restore more confi
dence to business people generally.
"Most certainly Taft's election is more desirable
as a business restorative than that of Bryan.
"In the opinion of the writer as well as th*
other member? of the firm, the election of Taft
would be more desirable as a business restorative.
-In answer to the third question, the manufact
urers ari unanimous In favor of Taft, except the
Michigan firm, which likes Bryan's views on the
tariff hotter than Taft'a
The letter from Pennsylvania fay?
""We would be very sorry to see any very radical
chance in the tariff. We believe that Mr Taft
will be very cautious and will consult lead manu
facturers before he makes a decided change in th->
tariff and Mr. Bryan will not do bo. As manu
facturers we are perfectly willing at all times to
accede to the propositions of Taft, but would not
care to be harassed by the exactions of Bryan.
'The answers to the fifth question fall to show ten
dencies toward appreciable changes In party affilia
tions, except in -Tennessee, where both reports are
that party lines are looser than ever before. All
the other manufacturers say that their men will
vote largely according: to their usual party alliances,
except two, who express no views."
Brooklyn Ministers Advise Congre- \
gations to Vote for Him.
Several Brooklyn ministers preached sermons yes
terday urging their hearers to support Governor ,
Hughes In his fight for re-election. Among these
clergymen were the Rev. Dr. Cortland Myers, of
the Baptist Temple, and the Rev. Dr. Nacy McOee
"Waters, of the Tompklns Avenue Congregational
Dr. Myers spoke In the morning on "The Enemies
of the State." He placed the gamblers and tne !
hoi semen' and the Personal Liberty Leaguers on
one side, and the reformers, with Governor Hughes ;
nt their head, on the other side, and asked the
congregation to decide wh!«.h side it was for. He
advised all those who were toe morality and public
decency to stand with Mr. Hughes.
" Dr. Water? has be**n preaching a series of * or
mons on "The Signs of the Times." Last night he
reached the subject, The New Day in Politics."
He argued that th? present campaign, lacking in
red fire and the usual spread-eagle features, was
a great advance. He said that the people were
now to solve two questions— how to regulate the
corporations of wealth and those of labor. Mr.
Bryan, lie said, proposed to kill the corporations,
and Mr. Taft to regulate them. He left It to the |
congregation to decide which was right.
But in the state electlea Dr. Waters advised all j
who loved right to vote for Governor Hughes. His j
advice was non-partisan, he declared. Then he j
gave several reasons why Mr. Hughes should be ;
supported by aJI the forces of good. The Governor j
was named by the people, and represented them, i
Mr Ch'inler was named by three party bosses. The j
people know what to •:>■ >■• t from Governor Hughes, j
•while Mr Chanler Ip an unknown quantity. Gov- \
ernor Hughes represents the proper' regulation of
"corporations He purposes to probe them and to
eliminate their evil tendencies When he ignored
thfi party bosses and refused to build up a perse nal i
machine, leaving his political future In 'he hands
of th« people, unorganised and uncaptained. Dr.
Waters said, he did more for the times and for
the popular will than any other man in American ,
public life to-day. - ~ - - _ —^_ ■
Monday, October 26
_.__ BRYAN.
10:30 a. m.-Leave SS.H, for New Haven. 8:30 a. jjj^-Ljav. New YorJ : for P.ter.on.
4 : 3 0°0 p. m.-Speak at New Haven. n " 11:30 a.nj.-w'on.an'. p emocratic Cub. W.I
400 p m. — Speak at Port Cn«»«r\ , ,
6;00p.m.-D.nner at the Montauk Club, Yonk . rs (Music Hall).
Brooklyn. v . „__ . -1.30 _ m White Plains (Court House).
8:00 d. m.-Metropolitan Sanger Hall. Brook- 1 .30 p. m^Whjt. £ Mary ' s Hall).
« lyn> Wnll Brooklyn ' 3i30 p. m— New Rochelle (New Rochelle
8:15 p.m. — Congress Hall. Brooklyn. *™ Theatre) - - *- ; "
8:30 p. m.— Arion Hall. Brooklyn - 4>30 ' m —Mount Vernon (Opera Hou««). ,
9:30 5. m.-Clermont Avenue Brooklyn. ! £30 p. £_Mount djnnep> Natjona|
10:00 p. m.— Academy of Music, Brooklyn «■"" t t C | ub .
10:30 p. m.-Reception at Un.on League Club, fl »«£*£,#, tßn Fish Park.
Brooklyn. g3O _ — Cooper Union. '
9:00 m.— Palm Garden. 58th street, near
Third avenue.
9:30 p. m. — Madison Square Garden.
Tuesday, October 27
TAFT \ ?.00 a nC-Niaht Workers. City Hall Park.
11l '^ii^l^Sio&V "iSS |Sgße o, Ao.,n, No. ,4U B«d
10:54 a.m.— Ar. Tarrytovvn: Lv 11:00. : rro yy n-_n -_ !! a bout Market. Brooklyn (!■
1:04 p.m.— A.-. Poughkeepsie; Lv. 2.04. «•«" p. im p klyn
2:55 p. m.— Ar. Hudson: Lv. 3:10. 2 -00 d m —Cf-urch of the Open Door. Halsey
4:40 p. m.— Schenectady; Lv. 6:35. -«•"" P^ • ant / Saratoga avenue, Brooklyn.
8:55 p. m.— Ar. Cohoes. 0Q m ._ Sch utzen Park, Lorn Island City.
9:10 p. m.— Ar. Troy. £•„ £ m __j erse City (West Side Park).
4 ; 15 p.m.— Jersey City (Reservoir Play
4:30 ground). City (St. Peter's Hall).
4-30 p.m.— Jersey City (St. Peter's Hall).
5:00 p. College Men's Democratic Club
(Hoffman House). '
I " 7:00 p.m.— Sulzer's Harlem River Park,
125 th street.
8-00 p m.— Clermont Avenue Rink. Brooklyn.
' ' 9-30 m.— Prospect Hall. Brooklyn.
lOUS p. m.— Congress Hal!. No. 2692 Atlantic
avenue. Brooklyn.
11:15 p. m.— Grand Central Hall, No. 140 Leon
ard street. Brooklyn.
11:45 p. m.— Palace Hall, No. 91 Grand street,
Brooklyn. ♦ _ .
12:15 a.m.— Eckford Hall, No. 206 Calyer
street, Brooklyn.
Wednesday, October 28
_.__. BRYAN.
, _ TAFT - 9 : 45 a. m.— Lv. New York.
7:45 a. m.— Lv. Tray- 10;40 a . m ._Ar. Tarrytown; Lv. 10:4o.
11:30 a.m.— Ar. New York^ a . m.— Ar. Ossi-.ing: Lv, 10:57.
JSS^^a 3« Republican Club. 11 10 a 2-£
.t^rr^ so.nd rim ; . R-J^«^ lim
A -- - N^^J^^--,ndus- ; gft^gfeSPK ■
and Can,. , 2:32 ?. m.-Ar. Re^e,.: L^:3,
Ev^n^-Zion A. M. E. Church. West 89th ; 3:10 p. m.-A. Schenectady :Lv. 5:45. .
E^^g-Huber', Casino. The Bronx. 9:50 p. m.-Ar. Troy. Mass meeting.
Ivening-Camp Hughes. 149 th street and
Ev^g-Crmp Taft > East 125 th street
Evening-Star Casino. 107 th street and Lex- j
ington avenue.
Evening— Madison Square Garden. , ■
Juice Taft and William J. Bryan will begin this morning three days of speakin? in
Manhattan. " W**che.r« County and alon ? the Hudson River, with a dash by th, Dem at
candidate to New Jersey. Though they will 'over practically the sum* emnnd. speaktog in th,
same places, the schMnle*. as given herewith, have been so arranged that therein! be no
clash of Republican and Democratic meetings. __,_, . ,
The bi- day for th* Republicans will be Wednesday, when Judge Taft hi scheduled to make
eleven .peeche* In this city, ineludlne the Madison Square Garden meetin?. which Is exited
t& be the blggek Republican demonstration ever held here. This will be the Democrats big
day in Manhattan and to-morrow In Brooklyn. .
in the Wabash injunction case, which Itself was
largely based upon Judge Taffs decision; so
that Judge .Taffs decision is declared by the
court to have settled the law as to the sub
stantial rights of the parties, leaving only the
application of the principles so declared as new
cases arose.
•■ - The great importance of this opinion is that
\ it .-corrects abuses that have crept into .injunc
tions and labor disputes in the federal as well
as the state courts. This decision goes far to
"protect the rights of workingraen. and it does
bo because it is explicitly- based upon the labor
decisions of -Judge Tuft, a-n.l this decision was
secured only in consequence of following the
advice given by Judge Taft as to the proper
course of procedure. I speak from first harm
knowledge, as I was personally cognizant of all
the facts A more striking instance could not
be imagined of the zealous effort of a public
servant, which Judge Taft then was. to secure
justice for workingmen to whom he thought
injustice had been done, although the matter
was not within his immediate control at the
time. In this one Instance Mr. Taft rendered
to labor a great" and" signal service;.* practical
service, which shared the peculiarity of Mr.
Taffs other services, for his .services take the
form of d^ds rather than of mere words.
While on the bench Mr. Taft rendered a ser
. vice to labor so great -that it can hardly be
overestimated. This was In the Narramore case
against the C. C. C. & St. L. Railroad. The
plaintiff, while working in the employ of the
company had been hurt because fife company
had not provided the protection which the stat
ute required It to furnish its employe* He got
a verdict from the jury. The railroad appealed,
and its counsel, Mr. Judson Harmon, argued
that the verdict should be set aside because the
employe had kept at work although he knew
the railroad had violated the law. and that
therefore he had really contracted to take all
. the chances of being hurt. This conclusion, to
my mind a cruelly iniquitous conclusion, had
up to that time been sustained by most of the
courts, including the New' York State Court of
Appeals Nevertheless Judge Tuft refused to
follow the Now York case, stating that the
manifest legislative purpose was to protect the
employe by positive law, for the very reason
that it had proved Impossible for him to pro
tect himself by contract, and that the entire
purpose of the law would be defeated if the
employe were allowed by any form of contract
to exempt the railroad company from the con
sequences of Its failure to observe the law.
This case has been cited all over the United
States by counsel for workmen injured through
the failure of their employers to furnish the
protection required by statute for their safety.
Judge Taffs decision was that when a law is
made applying to a dangerous business, In
which four thousand men are killed and sixty
five thousand men are injured every year, the
intention is that the railroads shall obey the
law and that it shall not be nullified by judicial
construction Very many Judges, unfortunately,
have failed to follow" his reasoning, but other
judges, and the lawmaking bodies as well,
have followed it.' and this great decision marks
one of the longest strides taken in the effort to
secure for wageworkers full protection against,
and full compensation for, injuries received by
them In the line of their duty Here again
Judge Taft rendered one of the greatest ser
vices that has ever been rendered to the cause
of labor. . '
The two cases to which I have referred have a
further importance when it la remembered that
the President now to be chosen will probably
himself choose a majority of the Justices of the
Supreme Court during the next four years. It
would be a dreadful calamity to have these Jus
tices chosen by a man of less than Mr Tans
high purpose, great knowledge of the needs of
the people and firm resolution to do Justice to
every individual and every interest. This Is
one of the vital questions *no\v before the Ameri
can people. j
Furthermore, I ask you to consider what Mr
Tart has actually done as an administrator. The
Panama Canal has come specially under the
direction and control of Mr. Taft as Secretary
of War. He has taken a peculiar interest In
the men who are digging that canal. He has
made a special study of all that confronts them.
He has made it his business to see that their
interests are in every way amply protected; that
they have ample reward: that they are well
housed, well fed. and. so far as in his power
lies, that they receive compensation (or Injuries
Incurred in the line of their duty. A special
committee which I nave appointed to look into
the conditions if labor on the isthmus, which
included upon it Mr. Samuel B.- Donnelly, a
labor representative, formerly/ the president of
the International Typographical Union, has re
ported to me in effect that Uncle Sam has
shown himself to be a model employer on the
Isthmus, bo that, thanks to Mr. Taft and the
care and supervision which he ha» exercised, the
men -"• Vr > work for the government on the isth
mus are on the whole hotter (Rid, better pro
tected, better card}) for than In any private in
dustrial enterprise in the United States.* Mr T.
J. Dolan, the secretary-treasurer of tne Inter
national Brotherhood of Steam Shovel - and
Dredge Men, who has most carefully laveati
Continued from first page.
gated this subject because of th* large number
of the men of his organization employed
Isthmus, has come to the sair- n. and
largely because of this fact he is ardently sup
porting Mr. Taft.
as opposed to the entire vagueness of Mr.
Bryan's proposals, Mr Tall stands pledged to
continue* the definite and constructive pro
gramme of social reorganization outlined and al
ready entered upon by the present administra
tion, which has never hesitated in specific cases
of sufficient Importance to interfere for the pur
pose of 33curlng an adjustment of labor trouble,
at the same time conserving the rights of the
wags earner. A conspicuous instance was the
settlement of the anthracite coal strike. In
April. 1907. when a strike was imminent ort the
Western railroads which would have tied up
forty-four lines with half a million employes and
put half the country in a state of siege, nego
tiators were sent by the administration who de
manded and secured In the name of the people a
settlement of the difficulty by abitration; and
last spring the administration, by Its vigorous
■action, prevented a general reduction of wages
on the railroads of th« country which would have
caused great suffering and far-reaching" dis
turbance: but if Mr Bryan were elected I have
little doubt that ensuing industrial chaos), neces
sitating great reduction of wages and widespread
non -employment, would be beyond the reach of
such action as that which averted the threatened
disaster last spring.
When the public coal lands were falling under
monopolistic control the administration withdrew
millions of acres from entry, insisting 1 to the ex
tent of its power that the coal and.oil under
these lands shall remain a federal possession.
For the first time in our history the administra
tion has secured the enforcement of the eight
hour law In the government departments and is
trying to secure its extension by legislation In
the District of Columbia it has enacted a federal
child labor law which stands as a model law for
state governments and their department of legis
r Beyond these remedial enactments and arbi
trations achieved by this administration stands
a constructive and organic programme of fed
eral activity in the way of social and industrial
reform Toward this end through the years I
have been in office I have consulted with all
classes and conditions of men. We have been
able on the whole to arrive at a remarkably
close agreement among ourselves so long: as
all parties, representatives of labor and capital
alike, kept in view their obligations to the com
monwealth as joint workers toward this social
reform. We are all agreed that free play shall
be permitted only so long as it means fair play.
We are endeavoring steadily to -secure a more
equitable adjustment of taxation toward the
ideal of a distribution of the several costs of
government in a ratio to the benefits derived
There is nothing In this of class or caste; from
our programme doctrinaires, individualist and
socialist alike, are barred. Sociology comes not
to breed a new class warfare; It knows man
only as man. This administration has bent a
large part of Its efforts toward social advance
ment. The question has been asked. Why haa
not the national government, through its bureau
•of labor, done for the wage • arm what, through
the Department of Agriculture, it has done for
the farmer, by placing at his disposal through
federal research the latest results of scientific
My answer is, the time had not yet cofne when
this was possible; we have advanced In each
case Just as fast and as far as was possible with
the knowledge and means at our command Be
tween pure science or speculative theory and its
practical application in the bands of a govern
ment lies of necessity a gap of years, years of
patient Investigation and experiment after truth.
Tea years ago organic evolution in agriculture
was stiil n speculative- science. To-day the
farmer has only to specify that his wheat" must
rip. p by such and such a date, stand up under
a certain wind velocity, bear in its seed a cer
tain percentage of starch, etc., and our depart
ment can help build him a plant to order Th*
spineless cactus and the frostproof orange soil
chemistry seed selection and diversified farming
have preceded In time of their ©very all those
theories of social reconstruction upon which any
bureau of labor couid build The entire task of
transforming a population with every advance of
mechanical Invention, ft is no exaggeration to
state, tas awaited that precise knowledge which
has come only within the last five years
Given that knowledge, and given wisdom self
restraint and high purpose In applvins it and
there is little this nation cannot do for itself
With free scope for our federal programme we
will do much toward helping each member of
the Industrial army to get the chance to make
everything possible out or himself. We can
solve this problem of the unemployed best by
having no more unemployable. Already our
Bureau of Labor, for the past twenty years of
necessity largely ■ statistical bureau, Is practi
cally a department of sociology, aiming not only
to secure exact Information about industrial
conditions, but to discover remedies for Indus;
trial evils.. At this moment we are conducting
lnv»-stlcatlons as to the labor of women and
children the disease and mortality*, rates of the
various occupations, the problem of dealing with
the unemployed, etc 3 The whole principle of
material and social advancement haa come to a
quicker fruition in our Department of Agricult
ure for th« reason that biology is more easily
handled with reference to seeds and plant* and
cattle than as regards men. it Is our confident
claim, however, that applied science, if carried
out according to our programme, will succeed
Wedding Gifts
; . Silver-wn_re
LeaiHei} -
Novelties i
in achieving for humanity. above all for the city
industrial worker, results even surpassing a
value those to-day In *»fTA<"t on the firm. **
■We believe that America should take- the lead
In this ••••irk Much of it can begin no-w. xH
of it will have to be done at «om« time, -* th<%
first place" in the world will come to th»t coun
try which does it first and best. Th- work has
already been begun under this administration
Zl "will be continued and amplified un<>r Mr
Taft. It will be brought to ruin If Mr. Bryan
is elected. The national =rovernm<»nt must help
toward this great reform by putting- the results
of its extended res-arches at the free disposal
of all citizens. We b»'!<>v» not mer*!r In -•_
taining but developing to the utmost pow
extent individual Initiative, but we are no? to
b<» frir'-tened by any outcry of paternalism or
socialism fr^m going- Into any experiment wh!ch
promisee to benefit either farmers or wag«-»am
erg for wm regard a lawless and fmpractlcab!*
tndtrldoallsrn as In Itself quit* as ■;"■-!' i !l^>. n
the most 1-ad*nlng form of socialism.
It ha* bees( charged that Mr. M ar.d osa ad
ministration in which be ha* bom* so p?<sr=!
nent a part have not been sufficiently Interested
in economic and industrial question*. The ifeejssj
is it seems to me. sufficient answer to th f *
charge. Mr. Taft'3 election should b<» idvo^atM
by all who believe in making a far-reach'r.ir
effort toward the betterment of our scheme of
social and industrial life It should also b© ad- -
vocated by all who wish an immediate a>i- ince
In these social and industrial cor.dltiorj.
If Mr Taft 13 not elected, a period -' '-••.».
trial chaos and business bad times -xlll »nSU9 i
■which the workings -will suffer far mnre than
any other class They are the people who. more
than any other, will pay the penalty. Because
of their own material tests I beße»s rhat
they should support Mr. Tafr; and. furthermore,
I believe that they should support him berans*
he has by his actions over and over again proved.
himself to be a singularly fearless and effective
champion oNthe rights, of labor: and. above all.
I feel that they should support him as g^od
American citizens, because he embodies -what is
nest and highest in oar American citizenship.
Sincerely yours,
Mr P H Grace. Brotherhood of Railroad Train
men. No 98 Clinton street. B!r>.«fhArr«.'^- X T.
"Although Free from Campaigning
He Transacts Official Business. ;
[Zy Telegraph Si The T-- «.-• "
Albany. Oct. 25.— Governor Hushes took a wet
from campaigning: to-day. -• consisted In trans
aetlnsj official business and goln< thro-j^h corr*.
spondence. which had accumulated BS>fh»a ..^*i{
one thousand letters. He ■will -due a w^WwtaX
canvass in the last •week of the car=pa!jn. To
morrow he will speak at Canajohari*. Furl Plain.
Johnstown. Gloversville. Fonda. miftasji and
this city, the last meeting. * b!< affair, to Orsaa
Ha. at which Mayor Gaus will preside.
On Tuesday he win ■» down the West - - — ■■
Ravena. Catsklll and Highland Falls, md fro
there to Suffem by automobile, then t,-» Brooklyn.
Jamaica. Flu«hins and Lor.g I.«!and City. Or:
Wednesday he wi!t spsl at various places Bl Va»
York City, leaving there late *it night, me setOßf
to Os-wego on Thursday morning for I TymUag.
going thence to Fulton. Batavia ar.d Dintark-
On Friday the Governor will bave - -■ -*? at
Jamestown. Randolph. Friendship and Catr.lny. !r.
the southern 'tier, and on Saturday ha win speak
at Callicoon" "places in Orange County qr.c Kingston.
The Governor, despite his card work, is In goi
physical condition, his voice is fit and he i 3 ready.
rather eager, for the final week of hard work.
The Governor said to-a .--■•- his throat t>Jc!i
caused " him considerable t-oub!e. was nneh im
proved. He expressed himse'.f as well satis^.cd witi
the no'.lUea.! situation and outlook in New Tori
Fallacy of Government Ozcntrship
Exposed to Railroad Men.
Chicago. -Oct. 25.— Addressing a large meeting ot
railroad employes to-day. William C. Brown. t>£
New York, vice-president of the Ne-* York Ontral
lines, condemned Bryan's advocacy ct government
ownership of railroads. He said in part:
Two years ago Mr Bryan travelled abroad, SB*
he surely must have learned ?ome*h:r.g of the ra»-
roads In Europe. He mast have 1-arned that walla
the fare in th? United States la "?4 per cent less •.>»
pay of th- American ens:n°er and tra.nrr.en is w
per cent more than thai paid abroad. It is strand
that Mr. Bry in did net find this rut and te.i us
something- about it. X „
He could have learned that the engineer I; 1
pulled the train from London to Liverpool . "
paid ii while the rnaa who mr.«> the er.ii.ne iron
Boston to Albany, about the same d.stance. re
ceives $7.*>. The engineer who runs the train *rosi
London to Edinburgh receive? se. wWta the Ameri
can engineer running from New York K \ bi:l *:V.f
distance only forty miles greater, receives J-S*k
The iv of American eor.duotor?. firemen a~*
trainmen are proportionately higher. ...wi.,
Mr Bryan stands for government >^: '-,::
with all It? woes for t.".e employe «Wl^»^W«
stands tor the continuance of prtrat* wra*""*
with wise, conservative, but practical and re P-*
hentive regulation. In the Am Arbor 5£»«»5
in regard to which so mocb has been ■■JjJJJC
TafC while condemning that which «s *?s£«?
contravention of the Interstate cwm!i»««*»g
gave to organized labor its BBSJOBa charm S> ..«uu
defining Its legal position.
County Committee Still Hard Up. He Say*—
Appeals to Republicans.
President Tar- says the county c^ r!:Tii:t ' ! *Jf
Btfll hard up. and hopes that the R.puMicans »U
aocommodat* him with the necessary out* to P a *
for the energetic campaign which trie yunty cota
mittee kaat been carrying on. and must eontlau*
until Election Day. 'Mr. Parsons ttM yeswrd*f
•The Republican County Committee 13 tm po«
and is hard put to it for funds to cover Cm rxce*
sary expanses of the closing campaign I !»?• ***
who can contribute and hmve net will da to ■* °**£
and that all who ha- contributed and -'an gr
more will Ar, so at once. It ■.. vital that we ■ - ■-*
have It. This Is a *!■<•.. Democratic itrongW »-*
this Is where the hardest fight U being and «B« "»
c It Is veil known to be
Best Natural
Laxative Water
and ail disorders of
the bowels and stomach.
In full bottles and jpttt*

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