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PRISON SHIP MARTYRS.
Dedication of Monument Beneath
Which Their Bones Will Rest.
•;•!,, great Doric column of granite in Fort
Greene Park. Brooklyn, beneath which, after
years of unrest, the bones of the prison ship
martyrs of the Revolution have found what
seems to be a permanent place of burial, will be
formally dedicated on the afternoon of Satur
day. November 11. and the committee of ar
rangements, of which General Horatio C. King
V.- chairman, is planning to make the occasion
(, nP to bo long rememberer In Brooklyn and
Those who are in any way familiar with the
Bufferings of the prison ship martyrs of the
American Revolution will probably agree with
officials Of the monument association that if
honor is in any sense adequate return for pesti
lence, wasting disease, starvation, petty tyran
nies and final d<ath faced in the defence of a
good cause, no honor the city of New York can
pay t!ieir memory is too gTeat.
Reviewing their sufferings In his "History of
t! . City of Brooklyn." Henry R. Stiles says, with
reference especially to On old Jersey prison
Ship: "It is evident that th. Jersey, which bad
One. accommodated a crew of more than four
hundred, with full armament, supplies, etc,
Tr.'sht without her stores, dismantled and an
chored in a protected situation, have easily been
ftir.de comfortable for oven the thousand pris
oners which -li' is said to have averaged. That
rhe v.tis not so and that she became a festering
i 1.-.L-a- s-pof was attributable largely to those
Ir.ferioi officers under whoso Immediate care the
prisoners were placed, and who, by their disre
r:i:-'i of the policy of their government, their
avaricious and shameful malappropriation of
th< supplies placed at tiusr disposal by that
government for the use of the prisoners, and
th< ir frequent nd uncalled for severity, unnec
essarily increased the sufferings which they
Should have mitigated-"
After re\ thf facts Mr. Stiles says:
■ ed fa< ts It is cvi-
I • by the unfortu
■■! lli< prison s hips wen n< I
ractis< .1 by a grc at and
■ ■: t. • result gener
and Indifference and un
al>us< of powei • ;■• hirelings, 'clothed
!>i ing. i ; . «as a pi tsom r
t an inter
■ ■ ■ lif« th< !■• . With a large
to the Jer-
■ ■ • : ■ t of the ship ! »ring
"We ;:t length doubled n point and came in
view of the Wallabout, where lay before us the
! lack hulk of the old Jersey, with her satellites,
r,. three hospital ships, 111 1 which Sproat pointed
is; ;'.n exulting manner isnd said, 'There, rebels,
tiKT«j is tho capre for you.*"
bli hi at and the
n th< y s< ' . hi the narrow air
' ■ I by othi rs. who
their sti ■ngth for even the
the ] air. With the
■ • find imi ro< ations of th< hagg ird and tat
(■■'■ t thei ■ their c irs,
■• i in th. stifling atmosphere
' ■ they som< how
•■ rough th«:ii first terrible night aboard
th .!■ : jr. Next morning a< S o'clock they were
; ' on fleck for a few momenta t< view
iting sun, and were then sent below
'"■" ■ " '■ n Dring states thai the extreme after
part •: the ship between decks, called the pun
i rt s appropt i.it- i! to the use «>f .
officers, and that the lowest dcci of all was as
siffned to thi (':■ ncl and Spanish prisoners, who
wen ti ated even more cruelly than the Ameri
The first care of a prisoner on the Jersey, Cap
tain Dri rig's narrative says, "was to form or be
admitted into some regular mess. On the day
of a prisoner's arrival it v. is Impossible for him
to procure any food, and even on the second
day !>•• could not procure any in time to have it
cooked. No matt* how long he had fasted or
1 ■•■•■■ •'■ ::■ might be his sufferings from hunger
arid privations, his petty tyrants would on no
occasion deviate from their rule of delivering the
prisoner's morsel at a particular hour and at
no other; and the poor half famished wretch
must absolutely wait until the- coming day before
his pittance ..f food could be boiled with that
of hi fellow captives."
"The messes, consisting usually <;t six men."
r:,y- Stiles, "wen all numbered, and every morn
ing when the steward's bell ran;,' at 9 o'clock
in, individual belonging to each mess sto.. ; I ready
t" answer to its number. As s<iun as it was
called the person representing it hurried for
ward to the window in the bulkhead of the stew
ard's room, from which as handed the allow
ance for the day. This ias for six men whur
was equivalent to the full rations ■■( four men
No vegetables of an description or butter was
allowed, but in place of the latter a scanty pur
lion of so-called sweet oil, so rancid .... often
putrid that '■'■ '■ Americana could n"t eat it and
always gave it !•• the foreign prisoners in the
lower ho!-], 'who took it gratefully end su allowed
NEW-YORK DAILY TWBUKE. SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 190&
COLUMN MARKING THE TO.ViB OF THE PRISON SHi? MARTYRS.
To be dedicated this week in Fort Greer.e Park. Brooklyn.
it with a little salt and 1 • " The
to the pi
■ . ■
TOME OF THE PRISON SHIP MARTYhS.
A3 It looked in 1867.
or consume it raw, as they som ■ L The
cooking v.-as done under the foi I
was gentraUj called. ih< galley, ir. a boiler or
■great copper." When th< book's bell rang,
•i ook< :! i not i ookedV says tl int, 'the
food must be taken from th boiler.'"
THE PRISON SHIP JERSEY, A3 SHE LOOKED LYiNG AT ANCHOR IN WALLABOUT
Reproduced from Stilus's F. .-■..■,-) of the City ■.; Crook lyn." ISC*
<»f V.\- bn
TOMB OF THE PRISON SHIP MARTYRS.
As restored by B;n;amin Rorrsaine in 1839.
weevils that one mißht rarily crush it in the
hand and_blo"vs it away. Thi beef w;is exceed
ing salt. Oner .-i week we had ■■■->' what
Is call -. b ;: ■ ■■■■ ■•. mjsh (the Yankees would
caii it hasty pudding), rr.:u!e of oatmeal and
C'witinnrf] on third page.
STOBT OF THE /Mjttg
Told in Bones and Fossil* and Sfe
A rival horse show to th* annnal «thihe^ *
which opens to-morrow at Madison Sn.,->~ /
c'en will b*> on thi3 week in ,1 qmVt nele*),.
j hood. The exhibits of th» rorr.pf-tirjg
i prise at the Ameriran Muscuki *.f Natural bl
Dry will show their paces uruJi r <!ai».
Fr>m«' of th»-m will des«-r-. c, if they dr» not
blue ribbons. What steed could bf more „-—?]
to a prize thar. the four toed "-iavrn horse- &.
frisked about thf W«f«tern plains thr*>»- mid
years ago ami was thr- Adam of th* ec«- "
rare? What Ju-Jce could overlook tJlp cj .
of Mf-sohippus. which began to negotiate tsr
tory M three toes, and of TTot.. hippos, ^.
first walked on his or.*- to*- that had expand
Into a hoof ? Then, to cornpi*-t«- th<- "f-rios th^.
Is the lordly Sysonby, th<- rn'.<!^rn thoroto
br^d, galloping as he did when be won psj f
:<take.-: f«>r James li. K*»np.
"Cut they're not alive; you can't j*t fta***!
Why, they're just skeletons!"
Thf discerning visitor, however, can tr^t^no-* I
thrills out of th»- quiet show, ev«-n without cm ;
moting imagination v.ith th«- color restorioZ
of Charlfs R. Knight. The hon- - t*!- a story -i
profound interest. Th«-y reveal ••points", it quj3
and endurance; they indicate climate and ha k "*lj
it;it. Th»-y proclaim that Eohippua was prcjJs
ably spotted and dwelt amid biot< hy \ e?*-tatiZla
and that Xechipparion of th- Dakotaa »*.£•
fleeter than any modern racehorse. Hair, h^-4
and flesh are superfluous details to the ade-al
tifie hor.se lover. The bones reveal *-vfrythi^^
\v:>rth knowing: Look at that hoiking sk^-fe^S
straining forward v.ith firmly planted :.■•<> f.< a;
a curved backbone transmitting t.V- ; ;^h f.-r-"
th»- ri.^ht thish to tr*- collarbone. Anyone com
tell that that v.a? a truck horse — y*s, a Lrrtf?!
try horse— pulling a heavy load. T!> srac^S
Sysonby cuts a different Retire, if-- is fijjagl
through the air. His right forefoot has js|
left the ground and his ?i i::.s.\ cohirnn b eursj|d
to the ric-ht in rhythmic- alternation. It «2|
! S2.ii*i> to groom Sysonbj . >r hia exhibition^|
speed in the I'-ny hors< show. When the •..
mal died in IJJOU, S. H. Chubb. ;;.• ost
who has revolntii niz« ! the mounting t,: sfaj*
tons, made pfaster casts ■ r' hi- r. cnaina a.ruii..
pan t>) study racehors< h in action, *
Mr. Chubb established a private raceti*
I behind the American Museum, ar.d sitting -.
| bosuns chair fifty feet above the r r •• ■■:< t«
snapshots of an ex-racer driven v; I ill .j. .
across and underneath his post. The camera
an exposure of one -thousandth of ;; s<
.caught Fr-in.t! moveKienta never before ■ !
ifany vth-:r pictures were t;tk-n. inciudios
perilous full front, v.'ru-n th»- operator, >:..;..-.
in the midii..- of the track, was brushi | i; •..
swerving animal at a hard gallop.
The audience at the show gazes at :. • fos
rt-tnains t Eohippua and -. • i that the a:
of all horses iv.ia about a foct fai?h, t: • • .
! a srr.all dog. How inconvenient for man! <;s. ;
man did not t.\i>t «:t that time, even in . i
spectabie simian shape. The future con .-.
of KohirT )US " s children was perhaps just leama
'to climb trees. It ;.-; naturaJ for ?i'i Mfirs ;
err in such details. WTien Prince Pus .
Japan visited tl>- rr.u?<-ur.i and Curator ■
off -red him v rr.i«d»-I <>f th« dawn horse he it
plit'd: "His majesty, I kn^w. will be most i it-ds*
jto accept this pift of t"n>- model ©1 :h. . .
j American horse, and when he sees what :■
Americans have done by careful breeding a*
culture of the animal. I am sur*.- hi.-- tnajestj ..
be very much encvuru.^- bY"
After the laps»» of a few hundred thoosaa
years arrived Mesohfppos, n«it much Uirstr tiUS
Elohippus, but with thrt»* ti»es and th»- nail c."
the middle to^ rounding into a kr.«>b. M..:- :
less soon came Protohippus, thret- fe*t hi^haa.;
with shrunken side to»-s not Coaching C* •
grro'.:nd, and then Xeohipparion. forty inche ■
high and with drerlike limbs. Fina'Sy. Eq^t
Scotti, nearly tive f»ft high, a perfect nvxfc:
horse with n<» tract- ->f «ii!e to*-s. Whi did :r 1
side toea disapi>t-ar and tht- middl* ti.. }■••(•«» -
a hoof." Loc-k across the a:sl<- th.- sk»-iri« ■
of a crouching monster, th»- sabr»' t<«th tig_- "
compared with which the modern tiger is u'.?r.-.- ■
a pussy rat The hoof m<-aru sj»*-ed. ar.ii th» 1
animals which did not develop it contributed! i
the banquet of the sabre tooth. ]
The bony horse show has an Interesting « '
lection or" teeth, which tells how th< sta
browsing molars developed into a grazing b.: J
tery .if long grinders requiring a heavy :
contain them. The hors»- does not r.e» uso mi '
ri«>m for his brains; in fa«-t. th^-re ar- vaoar 1
spaces in his upp*-r story so as t<> lightfß tS •
bone weight. In process ot time th-> grind - -
became involuted, the hard dark enamel foli *
within the teeth. s> that n;xtural wear wc«i '
make them self-sharj^eninir. To-daj v;ua;-- '
I^>int out to farmer? th»- natural tissur.-s in thr' !
horses* teeth, lined with dark protective > r.;i.T
and persuade them tf:at the teeth ar» Jecaj
and need filling.
The h«">rs*-> originated in America. reachedJ ;
hish degree of development and th«n Ut-as. '
extinct in this part of the *orM thrvujrh so::
mysterious cause. Sorr.o specimens evitlt-nt-
I"t.'und their way to Asia by ancient !.»::■'; >•'»:.<•
tions. Their descendants were reintroduced fctf :
after Columbus discovered America, and n»»w5S
first and the last amiabH confront tcajch **& '
In ihtir stalls of ij'uss.