Newspaper Page Text
FOR IT WHAT THE NAVAL WAR COLLEGE AT NEWPORT DOES FOR THE SISTER BRANCH OF THE SERVICE.
THE GREAT MAP ROOM OF THE NEW ARMY WAR COLLEGE. 1 EUST OF NAPOLEON. FROM LIFE. b- ;- MAPOLEOM, FROM LIFE. Jt>e cf UK art treasures of the Army War College. I^'i. by WaJiian F*a*een. WasbiaxtonJ THE '•£* ARMY COLLEGE AT WASHINGTON IS TO BE FOR Thy ARMY. NEW-YORK DAILY TRITtt XE, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1908. by big arched windows. One of these apartments is the library and the other is the map room, the latter stocked with one of the most com plete and valued collections of maps on the American continent. Corridors flacking the map rooms on both floors give access to two tiers of smaller apartments, comprising the of fices of General Wotherspoon and the other ad ministrative officials of the War College and the private study rooms for the officers detailed at .leg-e for instruction. Two or three officers occupy each of these twenty-eight rooms, for there are close to half a hundred officers at the War College at this the beginning of its first term in its new home. The rotunda, map room, library and corri dors art finished in brick and terra cotta and for the most part of brick. In the Us in mi lit, beneath the lecture ha!i, is a fire proof and burglar proof vault (with watchmen ever on guard) where repos. for safe keeping Uncle Yarn's highly prized war plans ar.d mili tary Bccrcta War College, although yet in its infancy. has acrjuh-ed the nucleus of a collection of art treasures. The present posacaskiua include sev eral valuable jaJr.tings of military subjects; the -• ■ * Frederick the Great, presented by Em peror •'- am. and a bust of Napoleon, made from '. .- In the rotunda. isly placed at the entrance to the -.-■ is a bronze bust vf President Roosevelt. WALDON FAWCETT. FAIRY TALES. Johnny — Ma. do fairy tales always begin with "once upon a time?" Mrs. Gayboy — No, Johnny, not always. Some times they begin with "My dear, I've been de tained at the office again to-night." Chicago News. THE NEW ARMY WAR COLLEGE SEEN FROM THE TERRACE. . right, MM by Waldoc Faweett, W>1lllHto« | PRISON SHIP MARTYRS. Continued from third page. instantly complied with the hatches were sud denly removed and the guard descended among them with lanterns and cutlasses. "Then ensued a scene of terror," Bays Stiles. "The helpless prisoners, retreating from the hatchways as far as their crowded condition would permit, were followed by the guards, who mercilessly hacked, cut and wounded every one within reach, and then, ascending aguin to the upper deck, fastened down the hatches upon the GENERAL W. W. WOTHERSPOON. President of the Army War College. (Copyright. 1908, by WaJdon F^wcett, ■Washington.) poor victims of their cruel rage, leaving them to languish through the long sultry summer night, without water to cool their parched throats and without lights by which they might have dressed their wounds. And to add to their t rment, it was not until the middle of the next forenoon that the prisoners were allowed to go on deck and slake their thirst or to receive their rations of food, which that day they were obliged to eat uncooked. Ten corpses were found bek w on th> mornlng which succeeded that memorabk Fourth of July, and many others were badly •wounded. " Of the burial of prisoners dying aboard the Jersey Stiles says: "Not less revolting than these scenes? of cruelty and distress was the manner in which the inanimate bodies of these martyred prisoners were hastily and indecor ously consigned to the earth, li some cas«:s al most before they had become cold." Detachments of prisoners were made up into burial parties and performed the gloomy task under the orders of a guard of soldiers Captain Dring. who assisted on one such occasion, wrote of it: "After landing at a low wharf which had been built from the shore we first went to a small hut, which stood near the wharf, and was used as a place of deposit for the hand barrows and shovels provided for these occasions. Hav ing placed the corpses on the hand barrows and received our hoes and -shovels, we proceeded to the side of a bank near the Wallabout Here, a vacant space having been selected, vve were di rected to dig a trench in the sand ii * v:\JiMir length for the reception of the bodies. Wo con tinued our labor until our guards considered that a sufficient space had been excavated The corpses were then laid into the trench without ceremony, and we threw the sand over them. The whole appeared to produce no mure effect upon our guards than If »v were burying the bodies of dead animals Instead of men. They scarcely allowed us time to look about us, for no sooner had we heaped the earth above the trench than the order was jrlven to march. "But a single glance was sufficient to show U3 parts of bodies which were exposed to view. although they had probably been placed there, with the same mockery of interment, but a few days before." On the way back to the J«rs.-v. though the members of Captain Dring*s party were nut al lowed to bath«- In the waters of the bay, they were permitted to gather a few small pat. turf, which they took back with them, and of the return with these h< says: "Sadly did w>- ap proach and re-enter our foal and disgusting place of confinement Th- ( turf which we carried on board were Bought for by nur fellow prisoners with the greatest avidity, every fragment b* - i by them from ham! to hand, an.l its smell Inhaled as if it had been a - mt ro» " "It was estimated shortly after the close of the war,*" says Stilt-s. "that upward of eleven thou sand prisoners died in the Jersey alone," and he places the aver -• number of deaths a day aboard the ship at five. Dring also places the daily death roll at five. Silas Talb«U says while he was aboard the prison ship the number of deaths was reduced by cool and dry nights to an average of ten, and Philip FYeneau, in his stinging rhyme, "The British Prison Ship," says: Each day at least six carcasses we bore And scratched them graves along the sandy shore* "The precise number of these unknown mar tyrs." says Stiles, writing of the total number of prison ship deaths, "who perished in the prison ships and were buried in the loose sands of the Wallabout will probably never be accu rately known." The first definite steps - the honeg of the prison ship dead proper burial. a> | to Ptiles. was at th< annual town meeting in Brooklyn in 1792, when it was resolved that they should be buried in the graveyard of the Re formed Dutch Church and a monument erected over them. This was not done. In 1806 the Tammany Societj succeeded in arousing modi public interest in the project, and. attended by a great celebration. On cornerstone of tho martyrs' tomb ua.< laid on April 13 of that year. When the lot on which the tomb stm'l was sold for taxes Benjamin Romaint-. treasurer of th<3 fund, bought it. and thf- better t protect the tomb designated it as the burial place of him self and family. In 1856 the movement result ing- "- the erection i f the monument to be dedi cated this w.-eR was begun. The Prison Ship Martyrs" Monument Associß* tion of the United States was incorporated in May 9, 1908 When it had raised a little over $25,000 an appeal was made to Congress, and largely through the efforts of 8 V. White a joint resolution was i ass.-.: and approved on June .TO. 1!«>"_\ carrying with it an appropriation of $100,000, on condition that the society raise $25,000, which had already been done, and that the state and city contribute $75,000 more In 1!«>4 the state appropriated 1325,000, and the same year the city was authorized by th. legis lature to appropriate, and did appropriate, $."»<>, '.wm, making th. total sum raised $200,000. The actual contract price of the monument. which is 135 feet high and was designed by Mo- Kirn, Mead & White, is about $175,000. The great Doric column is surmounted by a funeral urn and flagstaff, and beneath it. gathered in new metallic coffins, rest the bones of the mar tyrs of the prison ships, in the spacious vault to which they were quietly removed about thrio Weeks ago. 5