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SIN!'AY. IA3CUARY 3 M»
ThU ncurspaper «> oirncd and puWtoned '-."
The Tribune Association, ■ Y^tr For* corpora
tion; offloc and primipcl plare of business, j
Tribune Building So. m Vfl**aa street. .Yew •
York; Ogd<n MUl*. president; Jame* If. Bar- \
nit. 'gtxntery and treasurer. The cJ'lrcss of ,
ihc r.pccrs is the office of this newspaper. \
THE \~EWS PHIS UORSISG.
FOREIGN — Que«-n H**ler.a of Ita!y and the
i Dske of Aosta were slightly Injured white aiding
Wtb<SUSk« sufferers, but continued their work.
; ■ T^m death list <:u-~- to th^ Italian catastro-
Iph^ v>a= SscreassC'd by tbe suicSdea of demented
fSxvivons: the dead* and wounded were still
Ibetns token from the ruins, and an epidemic <•■
[pneazaacia set !r.; a conservative estimate ■'
[the. death record at present v.as 200.00*. : ~
IXcaa ShHi Kai, Grr.nd Councillor and com-
Iznznder in chief of lh* Chinese array, was dr
[posed by an edict issued et Peking. Xa-tung
[belns appointed to succeed him. == Th«
'tragic of Paris was : analysed, by a combination
1 of sntne and Fait: eleven thousand horses p»r
[ished as the result of these conditions, and the
! hospitals were filled with people made 111 bj the
iconflixlon of the streets.-= It was «»?tiiiiat<-d
j that there were 500.000 beneflciaries at th* new
1 j'Ansion system hot in effect in the Unjted
Kingdom. * Prr-sldent Gomez of Venezuela
revoked Castro^s decree of May 14. prohibiting:
trans.shirm^nt of goods destined for Venezuela
it Curacao. ' The Increaalnf; number of
death seatences In Russia brought about a
stormy debate In th»» L»ouma.
DOMESTIC. — President Roosevelt has offered
the uee of the battleship fleet to Italy, and will
asa. Congress <"<n Monday for an appropriation,
probably cf 1500,000. for relief of the earthquake
'sufferers. == Congressman Theodore E. Bur
!j On * of* Cleveland, was named as United States
1 Senator from Ohio to succeed Joseph B. For
aker — ■ WIP-iam 11. Taft, at Augusta. Ga..
accepted several invitations to speak in the
South _ The public debt at the close of
business December 31. was Ji<97.549.75!. accord -
irq to the stat^m»nt Issued at Washington. =====
■Samuel ?. Koenig. Secretary of State; State
Controller Gaus, Attorney General O*Malley.
'state Engineer Williams and Commissioner
>Clem«rr:t announced appointments at Albany.
■— '- "* Various milMnie: concerns entered coin-
T>!aißt before the PubM<- Service Commission. 2d
District, at Albany, gainst a railroad ru> re
quiring owners to load and unload freight when
ca-riwl at carload rates. : It was announced
on g-ood authority at Albany that Otto Reiser.
Superintendent of Insurance, would retire early
'■. CITY. — Stocks rloFed higher ===== President
Bald* of the Pittsburg Life and Trust Com
pany refused to «->:>• y the order of Otto Kelsey.
Superintendent of Insurance, to return to this
Elate the books and assets of the Washington
Life Insurance Company, removed from this city
Ml Wednesday. - — It was announced that
tnore than a quarter of a million dollars had
; been contributed her* tor tbe relief or the Ita!
' lan earthquake sufferers. = New York's c*>
\ braticn on K«« Tear** Eve -was severely crlti
' rised by Rabbi SUverman in a sermon in Temple
' E:r,anu*-Ei. == Civil Service employes met
1 -md discussed plans for an organization to pro
i :ect their rights. ■. A .— and cabin passenger
I the L.usitar.ia was arrested, charged with the
i r.urder of a woman in Glasgow. Scotland.
I THE WEATHER. — Indications for to-day:
: *«ir and ■warmer. The temperature yesterday.
I lighest, 36 decrees; 10-xest, 23.
CAUSE OR PARTY?
ii An analysis of the Prohibition vote of 190S
P|a«ae by Mr. Michael J. Fanning, of Philadel
s'.] (hia. shows that the strength of the national
til > rohlbitlon parry decreased materially last fall
jjjn states in which county local option laws have
een put on the statute books. Mr. Fanning
M eems to thick that the decrease aforesaid fur
ishes the Prohibition party with a serious
IjTievance, for he »-ays reproachfully:
| County option, wherever passed, has proved
I* armful to the Prohibition party. ... If the
i - hole country showed a proportionate loss in
| -,» Prohibition party vote to that shown in
i, Ibio, Indiana. Illinois, Kentucky and Oregon, the
jJilLates in which county option laws have been
I gassed since the campaign at 1905. Mr. Charm
1 jould have polled but 20.16S votes, the smallest
!l oto but one potted by any of our candidates
i »r President since lSb4.
The Illogicality of this complaint does not
ecru to have struck Mr. Fanning. The pro
t;' sssed aim of the Prohibition party is to ex
j; ' mruish the sale and manufacture of alcoholic
fjjqticrs. The aim of county local option laws
i, lad of state prohibition laws is to extinguish
k ie traffic In alcoholic beverajT'S r; given coxn
£ mnniet. Yet the i'roiii>ltli«E managers seem to
! "iinest tiie accomplishment of their own aim.
IfßcauKe It reduces their political strength in
Site territory in which the liquor traffic is
I artly or wholly abolished.
I ?|Tce Prohibition party has always been a "one
MkmT party. It baa never entered actively Into
Ipb geaeral field of politics. In proportion,
j :aereior«, as its single aim has been accom
jjJu&hed, It has properly ceased to have a reason
Bi«r existence. In states and In smaller corn-
I - unities in -which prohibition has been achieved
s|tere remains only a shadowy excuse for con
ijouing its purely political activities. It should
j'clcoiM the disappearance of the prohibition
il see as aa evidence that Its work has been
& jcfescfclly done.
I Th& marked success in recent years of the
; ohlbltfon cum Ir. the Month «nu West and
He accompanying failure of the Prohibition na-
I ?nal party to increase its voting strength are
' I slly explained. The many •*■*• and county
Ktf-itojtior Jaws adopted were adopted through
I* efforts of prohibitionista belonging to the
a lan'il Th tn anC Deaiccmtio s^aruac and not
through the efforts of prohibitionists belonging
to the Proh-L-ition party. Having done what
they (ranted to do without allying themselves
with t''.e F*rofcll '' n organization, the people In
prohibition states and prohibition counties do
not ..... necessity of contributing to the
a^rsndiiioiucnt an I perpetuation of that or
franization. In this they are entirely logical.
Prohibition leaders who lament the shrinkage
of their party vote in territory In which pro
hibition laws apply put themselves In the atti
bade of preferring the success of a party to the
advancement of a cause. To be consistent they
should really desire racn a spread of the liquor
<-v;i n« wi.uld make it a r aramount Issue In poli
ilrs and compel all good citizens to seek deliv
erance through their own aggnndiaed party
"Tho Charleston Sews and Courier" says that
Mr Bryan has himself found the bwt solution
t«f "The Mystery of I<¥>S." It will not of course.
he published in "The Commoner." for if is clear
ly entitled to the first prize In that publication's
current guessing contest. Mr. Bryan believes in
a fair distribution of life's prizes, and -would not
want to compete with his less talented sub-
Wrlbers. The Democratic candidate's answer to
the riddle of I9OS is that Mr. Taft w:is elected
'•through « combination of. the financial, com
mercial and Industrial Interests of the country."
He does net himself approve of such a combina
tion, for he adds that he "would rather remain
"a private citizen than lie President and be sub
"sen lent to these Interests, -is Mr. Taft must
"be. under the conditions that elected him."
Mr. Bryan's explanation certainly explains.
We do not see how m candidate solidly supported
by the financial, commercial and Industrial in
terests of the country could fall of election.
Those interests embrace almost everybody mak
ing a living in this country outside of the pro
fessions. They dominate our political life, and
ought to dominate it. As "The News and Cou
rier" lastly points our. they Include "'the rner
"chants. The bankers, the manufacturers, the
"wort -" jind the farmers."
Mr. Bryan is becoming very exclusive in hie
poliii.-il affiliations when he nays that he would
not care as President to be "subservient to the
financial, commercial and Industrial Interests"
of the country What other Interests would he
serve? Whose welfare would he put ahead of
the welfare of those who produce and distribute.
of those who create the wealth of the country
and of those who act as middlemen between the
producer and the consumer? The Presidential
candidate who haughtily dismisses those con
trolllng elements in our population as beneath
bis concern will Inevitably remain in the mi
nority. He is too exclusive for the average
A BRITISH OSE-CHAMBER FLAX.
\ r .>>^nT address of the British Prime Minis
ter on Hip political situation In the United
Kingdom is Interpreted as declaring for oat
ri?ht abolition of the House of Lords .-md the
reduction of Parliament to a single chamber.
to wit, the present [loose of Commons. Whether
Mr. Asqulth really meant to make so radical a
proposition \re shall not assume to decide. His
words are susceptible of more than :>ne Inter
pretation. But the meaning which we have
cited la applied to them by sorao Judicious ob
servers in England, and may therefore be re
garded 38 possibly correct That It will be
applauded by a considerable number of Mr.
Asqulth's political supporters is not to be
doubted. It line long been apparent that vari
ous radical factions are desirous of establish
ing the single-chamber system. They have
publicly proclaimed their admiration of the ex
ample 6et by the French Revolutionary Con
We should not. however, expect to find the
Prime Minister sharing to the full their ex
treme view, nor to find a majority of the Lib
eral party, even, not to mention the whole elec
torate, approving it. There are unquestionably
some serious faults in the present constitution
and conduct of the House of Lords. In Its
composition it is unique. In Its conduct it has
not Infrequently caused much annoyance to the
Liberal j»»rty. and may sometimes have dis
pleased and disappointed the majority of the
nation. But we should doubt if It hr.s ever bo
offended as to provoke anything like a ma
jority of tbe nation to desire Its abolition. On
the other hand. It has on more than one or two
occasions, through its exercise of a suspensory
veto or its enforcement of deliberation, ren
dered Inestimable benefits to tbe nation, and It
is recognized as a means of KeeuriuK to th«
nation valuable services which otherwise would
be altogether lost.
While the present constitution of the House
of Lords is unique, the government ' of such a
country as the United Kingdom — the
British Empire — by a one-chambered, legislat
ure would be equally singular. All great par
liamentary nations have second chambers of
some sort. These vary in composition and func
tions, but in general they serve two great pur
poses. They provide for a representation of
legitimate interests which could scarcely be
adequately represented In a single chamber,
and they secure a certain deliberation and cir
cumspection in law-making which, must be re
garded as essential to judicious progress. That
the British people will find a way of correcting
the faults and increasing the efficiency of the
House of Lords we have no doubt. We do not
believe that they will altogether abolish that
house and intrust their government to the un
checked will of a single chamber.
A somewhat noteworthy feature of recent
news has been the considerable number of re
ports of.deatbs of persons of extraordinary a^".
We have not kept an account of them, but we
should think It Judicious to estimate that in the
last two or three months there have been an
nouncements of the deaths in tins country alone
of more than a dozen. p4*haps m score, of per
soiis who were reputed to have passed the
century mark by several years, some of them
by many years. We have no doubt that some
of thepe reports were accurate, others were
probably Inaccurate, as there is reason to sus
pect a large proportion of extreme longevity
records have been In modern times. Indee.i. v. ••
are compelled to believe this, else we should be
driven to ?lie unwelcome conclusion that with
all owr advances in civilization and in sanitary
science the duration of human life was sfadh
decreasing. For with all last year's reports of
centenarians, living and dead, these times can
mpare in that respect with those of a
etaXxsy ig ■
Thus in the Brat quarter of the nineteenth
century there were circumstantial reports and
records of the deaths In the then comparatively
email United States of 100 persons each more
than 110 years old, twenty of them more than
125 and one reaching the age of 150 years, and
thus almost rivalling the age attributed to the
historic "Old Parr," of Shropshire, England.
who died In 1635 at the reputed age of 152.
Many of these were negro slaves and Indians,
concerning whose ages there was obviously
ample opportunity for uncertainty ami exas
peration. Nor can we accept as infallible the
records concerning the others, although some
of them are quite circumstantial. Thus "The
National Gazette," In reporting the death of one
of the oldest, gave the date of her emigration
from Germany and settlement In North Caro
lina and many other details. Of another, who
died at Whitehall, N. V,, at the reputed age of
134 years. In 1820. there were given the dates
of his birth In France, of his emigration to Hol
land and thence to England, and of his service
to the English uthj. At the same time It is
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. SUNDAY, JANUARY 3, 1909.
to be observed thru if be was really born in
1636 as stated, he must have been I*4 years
],. [n 182 f only 134. as r^porreii at
that time. This discrepancy of half a century
in a cirenmstantia] record suggests the possi
bility of similar errors elsewhere. The most
notable Instance of longevity In modern ages
was that of Peter Torten, or Zorten. of Kof
rock, Hungary, who is said to have been 185
years old when be died, in January. 1724. But
the evidence In bis case is by no means con
vincing, and the same must be said even of
such records as those of the Countess of Des
mond ftn d c lonel Winsloe. of Ireland, who
were said to tiave reai bed the ages, respectively.
of 140 and 146 j /
We have rema led upon the ureat number
of reports of extreme longevity which were
made in the early part of 'he last century.
Now the year which lias just ended seems to
indicate «' similar though less marked abun
dance of them in the early part of this century.
The coincidence affords suggestion for thought.
It may be that there is some Influence In the
contemplation of the beginning and progress
of n new century which Induces people uncon
sciously to invent, exaggerate or Indulge their
fancy concerning their own ages or the a*es
of their neighbors. There are also these who,
having reached a certain acre, tnke a pride in
their length of life which may easily lead them,
perhaps unconsciously, to exaggerate it. As for
the written records of births, baptisms, etc.
upon which reliance 1= pla.-ed. they have too
often been found untrustworthy to permit Im
plicit acceptance of their testimony. On the
Aii. mi-, reports of lives prolonged much beyond
the century marls are to be received with much
caul on. if not with outright skepticism.
FRENCH .1.V77 SOCIALISM.
The most significant feature of domestic pol -
tics In France during the last year was unques
tionably the reaction against socialism. This
involved nor alone the conservative portions of
the Republican party, which have always been
opposed to socialism, but equally those radical
and labor elements which have frequently be'-.i
Milied with the Socialists and have been sup
posed to :• inclining more and more toward
outright socialism. I r ••:• years prior to 190S
party or factional lines were so indefinitely
drawn that it was difficult to tell where repub
licanism ended and socialism began, and the
latter doubtless enjoyed undue prestige through
being credited with actual or potential support
which It did not really have. But in the last
twelve months the lines of demarcation have
been bo distinctly drawn that there should no
longer be any doubt concerning the status of
any faction or Individual. As this salutary
change was eflW-iod chiefly at or us a conse
quence of the congress of Limoges, that gath
ering may without exaggeration be regarded as
bavins market] :h> «r eh in French political
history. We shall expe< t henceforth to sop rhe
decline of socialism in France dated from it.
Today Sena: .i:i! elections are !ieM in France.
Usually !l: ■■ uo not have as much political si;:
nificance us do f.-leetions for the Chamber of
liepiuVs. but in the present case they have
great significance, and the preparations for
them have i-.-eri highly Illuminating. A iiitl"
more than ,«i fortnight ago conventions of th"
Senatorial delegates were he'd, and in some
of them, particularly In an.l about Paris. the
issue of socialism or anti-socialism was clearly
drawn. The question arose whether the bo
called Radical-Socialist Union should support
republicanism or socialism. It was answered
unhesitatingly and unequivocally. The Union
definitely separated Itself from the Socialist
party and declared for republicanism It spe
Clflcally decided to refuse its support to any
Socialist candidate. When a Socialist delegate
asked If its discrimination was against the en
tire Socialist party th© answer was, tersely and
The reason given for th* nltgnmrat of the
Radicals ev«>n of those who have been called
Radical-Socialists — the Socialists was
perfectly plain. It was based upon the action
of the Socialists at the congress of Limoges.
At that gathering the Socialists distinctly de
clared against serving In the army or navy
even for the protection of France from alien
attack. In so doing, say the Radiralg, they
separated themselves from France, nnd It Is
therefore Impossible for any patriotic French
man to co-operate with them. That feeling has
become general, and Is now dominant through
out the republic. In demanding that French
Socialists shall practically deny the fatherland
and shall hold allegiance to International social-
Ism above allegiance to the French public,
the Socialists have provoked the drawing of the
line between socialism and anti-socialism, or
between anti-patriotism and patriotism, and In
such a division there can be no question .m 5 ; to
where the majority of Frenchmen will stand-
They will agree with Mr. Maiijan, the director
of "The Radical" newspaper, In Insisting that
since the day on which the Socialists refused to
participate in maintaining and operating th*
established Institutions of the national govern
ment they can no longer have anything in com
mon with ti>.-m. True Frenchmen will never
march at the side of men who pre-K-h desertion,
who Injure their country and who insult and
SCIEXCE AXD IXTEXTIOy.
In his address to the American Association
for the Advano«nent of Science last week the
retiring president. Professor EL L. Nichols, dis
cussed the relations •■.\is:i?iu r between pure sso|
ence and the progress of civilization. 11^ re
marked that the -main product of science la
"knowledge, and among its by products are tlm
"technological arts. Incltidinc Invention, i pi
"neerlng in all Its branches and modern Indus
l.ti it he pranted that the dynamo and riertrlc
motor are based t>n a principle Hrst revi'aled by
Faraday Why did ik»> Faraday apply the prin
ciple to traction and lighting': Oue answer may
be thai The investigator and Inventor represent
duTereni types of intellect and are rarely found
in the same person. Perhaps Faraday could
have perfected tbe electric railway, bat he did
not. A vasi amount of supplementary work
was needed to utilize the fact that an electric
current <-on!(l be made to cause rotation In a
machine. Even after an economical way of con
verting mechanical power ii tll-.t 11-.1 1 - . electricity lia<l
been devised, •< long and elaborate series of ex
periments was required before a reasonably wo
nomical method of employing It for Illumination
w:;< found. The pvolution or' both the arc and
the Incandesceni light was tedious and costly.
and the developmeni la even now far from com
plete. Again, Hertz discovered the ether waves
make «"ireless telegraphy possible, bnt
did not tttempi the practical application of bis
Bunsen observed that the nitrogen and oxy
gen of the air were compelled to unite chemi
cally by a stroke of lightning, but he did not try
to manufacture nitric acid or artificial fertilizers
with electric power. lie left the task to a later
peneratlon than his. In Bunsen'f» day, to be
sure, there was no cheap source of electricity.
Besides, the same n ed of restoring to the soil
the elements taken from It in raising crops had
riot then become as Mrpent as It is to-day. How
ever, it is by no means certain that the great
German could have performed the task satis
factorily bad the facilities now available been
put at his disposal. A considerable amount of
capital has been sunk In undertakings of this
class, but the commercial success of the best
o*T>rts is yet questionable. Capital, then. Is often
needed, In addition to inventive Ingenuity, before
a scientific discovery can be utilized, and this
essential to the progress of civilization cannot
always be commanded.. ..
I Professor Ivicboiß laments yrbzt leexas to him
The inadequate endowment of research work in
American universities. There are «i the United
States, be says, fifty institution:* whirs «re
larper and better equipped than tnose &f Ho!
land, and yet the Dutch investigators are ap
parently doing better work than the American
The Cornell professor of physics may be ri:?ht.
but it Is not yet altogether clear how some of
the achievements to which he refers will benefit
mankind at large. In liquefying helium It.
Ohnes last year developed a temperature which
was within 5 degrees Centigrade of absolute zero.
Zeeman and Lorentz discovered that tinder the
influence of a powerful magnet ■ line in tbe
spectrum will be double!, rhese -re amazing
phenomena to those who understand them, but
what good will they do? It Is only «s the
thinker or inventor seizes upon these discoveries
and turns them to the benefit of humanity that
pure research has its true fruition. It Is no
I depreciation of the nobility of the searct for
pure knowledge as an aim in itself to appraise
, the value of any particular piece of new infor-
Dii 'ion according to Its prospective Influence on
I man. either for the uplifting of his morals, the
| broadening of his intellect or the betterment of
his physical condition, and the efforts for trans
j muting the academic theses of research into con
i crete instruments of human progress cannot
| fairly be described as mere "by-products" of
' abstract search for truth.
The resignation of Philander C. Knox from the
TTnlted States Senate in order to enter the Cab
inet of President Taft will break a usage which
ha?» become more and more established in recent
years. Formerly many Senators; became ad
visers of Presidents. But since 1889 there have
been only" two such transfers— that of John O.
Carlisle into Mr. Cleveland's Cabinet in l^'.'o
an! of John Sherman Into Mr. McKlnley'a in
Tt will b* a sad Wow to the common.
orator if the upheaval In the Btralt of M
proves to have destroyed the alternative ter
rors of Pcylla and Charybdls.
The big New Tear's t?!rt of real estate
mbia University has received Is dou
welcome to that richest of educational Ii
hut it cannot remove tho regret that a
larger area was not secured when Colum
bia was planted on Mornlngaide Heights, bo a*
t" k!v'- it .it least a semi-rural Instead of a
Alabama, Mississippi and North Carolina
joined the "dry" states on New Year's Day.
That made it all the easier for the dwellers In
those commonwealths who were in th» habit of
open the year with "water wagon" resolu
I- :p reported from Topeka that leading Kan
sas Democrats are p.!ng to start an educational
association and make a campaign of education
to prove the "necessity" of renomlnating Mr.
Bryan In I!>l'J Mr. Bryan, it will be noted, has
; romiaed to hee*! t!i<- all of the party once more
If that call strikes a sufficiently "necessitous"
It Is fortunate that there ar<* not as many
earthquakes a.<« there are theories of earth
quakes. T!i« press has at least half a dozen ex
planations of. th*> Italian cataclysm every day,
all mutually irreconcilable.
77/ F TALK OF TUF D IF.
Automobile poker has succeeded freight car
pok»r. Frelpht car poker? It> ■■■ old ?a-r.«
among travpH^rs, and Its successor Is played the
sarr.o way exactly, though under another nan.<».
Thre* or four men In an auto or ori a walking
trip want som' !!v»r«l.in They . -'•» on auto
ni'iWic poker, pi nut rr I*'.'1 *'.' ' i nr.ii paper anl wait
for machines to pass. The llrst man -x-ts
down : • » r*>Kt*try number r>f the first motor that
comes 11 111 1 Bight, the s*»cond does t!..- same with
th* next "re.'l devil," nnd >=n on. until every one
lii trio p:i!:,*> has a "hand " T!i»n Ther^ '.* a "show
down.',' <>f course there are •■• fa • cardai but
all the -.-: of •-» component parts of a poker
,'■ ■;, ii-i to be had. thus: One, ace; two, deuce.
and ••■ on up to the zero, which is called ■ ten.
Tl" l*ap v»ar dli —In days to r«si«
A spinster with n downcast (jlanr^
Will think of nineteen-elg-ht an-! say
t'nto her r'ri'nds: "'1 had my chance.', 1
—Detroit I'ree Presa
X/-.T\ York's Public Service Commission?! may
be able to l<>arn a thing or two about safe rail
roadinß un in Miiine. "The Kennrbrr Jouriial" is
I'.<t:inK the Pine Tree State on the back because
of ii< fi<Mn record In^t year, remarking that "of
t':f» 350 fata] accidents in Maine not one was
to h passenger upon n railroad tra'r, "
"Yon have invented an airship "
■Wh.il ail van I 'is if"
"Well, for <>ne UiinK. it Is absolutely saf> 1
pannot even persuade it t^> take a chance by leav
ing the earth." — Washington Sl.''!
The Presbyterian ministers of Philadelphia are
about to apply for a charter for an organization
that will be known as the Ministerial Sustenta
tion Fund. It purposes t."> provide an annuity
of JSOO. beginning at the age of seventy, for min
lsters who have served at least thirty years in
the Church, and an annuity of JH'rt. beginning
.-it the same ripe, for those who have served less
than thirty years, with $10 additional for each'
year "f service. An annuity of three-fifths of
what would be paid to the miniM.T will 1" paid
to tr.e widow In case of death, and In case of the
i]e;ith fit 1 the widow- 'he annuity will be divided
among tue minor children Ministers will pay
*0 per cent of the amount of the annuity and 80
i>er rent Is expected to be realized by general
subscriptions and income of the fund.
"Whom would you rather entertain," a^ks the
Philosopher of Folly, "a perfectly stupid bore, or
a clever fellow who has just Veen abroad foi the
first time?" — Cleveland I .•• >•!•
The Controller of Chicago If^lng Controller
Met* of New York about :tn hour l>ett*>r. has
shocked and grieved his employes by illre.-tinx
thai hereafter they will report for duty it 8:30
In the morning and stick to their books until 5.30
in the afternoon. This is In accordance with a
recommendation of Mayor Basse, who has been
saying some mean things about "shirkers."'
"cinches" and "sinecures." The Mayor has been
cruel enough to pay that Chicago doesn't K'H
more than half enough work out of its hired men.
When a fellow begirt* to be afraid v » can't live
without a certain Rirl he ought to marry her and
see.— Philadelphia Record.
Huston's teachers are making a loud outcry
against .1 n"w rule of the school authorities flx-
Ing seventy years as the age limit for active s.w
%-ice If this rule goes Into eff?ct," >ay.x .in<- of
the spokesmen for the pedagogue*, "one-fifth
of t!i» heads of Boston schools will be forced out.
How would an large Institution or stoir- f;iro
that discharged thai somber -.' Its head .-imply
because they are seventy years of age ' Accord-
Ing to the School Board, President Kliot of Har
vard must have been for the last five years a
detriment 10 that institution."
"The Human Monstrosity:" said a young lady
attending a fair with her fiance. "Threepence.
Wouldn't you like to have a lock at that. Her
"No, dear," answered Herbert, anxious to he
stow a neat compliment; "] am quite content to
look at you."— Tit-Bits.
MS. OF DICKENS'S "CHRISTMAS CAROL. 1
H. P. Dickens, K. C, tells -;n Interesting Ma
cr>r.'"»rning the original manuscript of his father's
famous "CaroL" The novelist presented the MS
to Thomas Milton, an old schoolfellow. in i*;. 7 .
Mr. Milton sold it to Francis Harvey, a bookseller
for £50. Then It passed into the hands of Georpe
(.'hurchill, an enthusiastic autograph collector
Mr. Churchill treasured Ii until ISS2. when cireum
siiin. compelled him to part with it. After
phot 'graphing every page of it. it was sold to
Mr. Bennett, a Birmingham bookseller and curio
dealer, who eventually found a purchaser, who
readily signed a check for £200 for it. Final!-.. it
was bought by Stuart M. Samuel, of Kensington
Palace Gardens, tor £200, who Is saM to still retain
ibt urtdQiui flwuaca^
About Teople and Social Incidents
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
[From The Tribune Bureau. ]
Washington, Jan. — The President devoted a
great part of the business (lay to conferences rela
tive to the exact character of the aid to be given
by the government to the Italian earthquake ■ ■"
f»>rerp. to be recommended in his special message to
Congress en Monday.
Among the White House callers were Secretary
Wright. Secretary Newberry, Postmaster General
Meyer. Secretary Garfield. Assistant Secretary
IJacon. Senator Bourne, Representatives Fulton.
Pou. Graff, S^ott. De Armond, Cockran and Games.
Colonel Scott, of West Point; General Drain, Gen
era] Crosier, Major Mearns. General Toons. General
Elliott, Peter A Jay and General W. B. Roberts, of
' Miss Thomas, of Boston, who was the guest of
Mrs. Charles A. Munn. is now with Miss Ethel
Roosevelt at the White House. Miss Cornelia
I^andon, of New York, who came In time for the
debut ball last Monday, is Still a guest there.
rFrotn The TrltaM Bureau. 1
Washington, Jar 2.— Mrs. Bonaparte, wife of the
Attorney Genera!, returned to her home- In Balti
more this morning-. She will be here the first of
next week, and, with all the other women of the
Cabinet, will held her first official reception on
Georse Yon I. Meyer, Jr., son of the Postmaster
General, who came here for the holidays, will re
turn to Groton, Mass., on Monday.
, THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From The Trltun* -au.J
Waahingtoa. Jan. 2.— The British Ambassador and
Mrs. Bryce have given the use of the ballroom at
th« embassy for a song recital by the English
barytone Wilford Russell, of London, on January
13. Mrs. Fairbanks Mrs. Bryce, Baroness Hengel
mfilSpr, Mrs Bonaparte, Mrs. Pincbot and Mrs.
Leiter are among the patronesses.
Count de Chambrun, the new military attache of
the French embassy, add Countess (ie Chambrun
are the guests of the latter*a brother and sister-in
law. Representative and Mrs. I-on^vrorth.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[Prom The Tribune Bureau.l
Washington, Jan. L.—. Miss EXhel Roosevelt was
the guest of honor at a theatre part] and supper
to-night, when Mrs. Payne Whitney, of Sew York.
chaperoned the young people for Mr?. Richard
Wayne Parker. Tl c party Included Miss Martha
Bacon. Miss Thayer, of Boston: th* Misses Parker.
Mr Marvin, Mr. yon }••■■■■ und Gaffron, German
attache: Baron H.iymerle. Austrian secretary, and
Captain Cheney. »
Mrs. J.-imes W. Pinchot Ihd her son, Glfford
Pinchot. returned this afternoon from New York,
where thpy spent Christmas with Mr. and Mrs.
Mr. and Mr>. William Phelps Eno left Wa.«hln>r
tnn to-dny for a visit of ten days or two weeks in
Ml as Marppirei Roosevelt, Philip Roosevelt and
John Kean. -<h who have been the saesta of Sena
tor Kean nnd the Misses K c an, have returned to
N'<>w York. Miss Christine Roosevelt who also
came on for the hall at the White House Monday
night, la still here.
Mr. and Mrs Edson Bradley are again at their
Washington home, after a few weeks at Mr. Brad
ley's shoetlr.K t'OX in North Carolina.
Miss Mary Scott, daughter of Owen Scott, will
go to New York Thursday to visit Miss Pulitzer.
Rear Admiral and Mrs. Richardson Clover will
leave here on Tuesday for New York, and win sail
on Thursday for Egypt They will take their
younjf ighten and spend the remainder of th«
winter cruising on the Nile.
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
With Christmas and New Year festivities now
rh!nr« of the past, society is tun i tts attention
to thr entertainments which crowd the calendar for
the remainder of the season, and by to-morrow
meet of those who «pent the holidays In the country
and at Washington will have returned to town. Vent
on d'.sr-enplnst a.r.d enjoying h«9j>!t*!ity- Among th*
fe°turt-s of propramme iT th* i '■»■•< is Mrs.
Georce Jay Gould's dinner dance at the Plaza on
Thursday evening for her debutante daughter, Miss
Marjori*. Gould, with whom Phcpnix In^rahAm will
lead the cot! • Mrs. Gould will have t.v . hun
dred and fifty guests at the dinner, seated a. seven
tables, nr.d lt Is understood that she nas other en
tertainments In view for he* daughter, which will
tako place at the Plaza, as her boos* will net be
taady for occupancy for som« time to come.
Another dan<-.« «-.... will b* to? the
organization knovn >.■; the Junior Cbtlllonsr, at
Sign's to-morrow nlcri'.t. ■■'■" K. ii. Harr'man
and a number of the <>;:,er ;.atroness.^ wiD give
dinners in connection «r»th ihe affair »nd *ake their
gmesi to the d:m.?».
Mrs. John R. Prexel will give « cotillon en
Wednesday nt her home, in East ""-'' street.
Miss .Tanett.t Alexander. Miss <*ar.->l Harrlman
and Miss Evelyn Wltherbee are th^ officers of this
winter's Junior League, which, composed of debu
tantes ... season, plves a theatrical entertaln
nient each February In behalf <>f some popular
charity. This year the Junior League nlil present a
new musical comedy, entitled -That Girl of Mine."
th« libretto by Ft. A. Barnett •■; i the music by
Manuel Klein. The performances will take. place
at the Plaza on February IS and 17. and rehearsals
are non the order of the day.
Mrs William Douglas Sloane, Mrs. J. Plerpont
Morgan, Mrs. William H. Schleffelin, Mrs. J. Bor
den Ilarriman, Mrs. I.lndley Hoffman Chapu and
Mrs. Richard lrvin are among the patronesses of
an enterialnment which will take place in th« ban
room of the Plaza to-morrow afternoon for th«
lient-nt of the St. George's Church missions. En
titled "Foibles and Furbelows of the Past." it win
consist of an address by John Colby Abbott on the
women of the eourl or Versailles In the eighteenth
century, and will be Illustrated by means of a life
size figure, "La Grande I'andore." Ij\wren' •• But
ler will sing songs of th.^ period, and tea will bo
served by n number or young women nttirdl "Bt la
Watteau." They will Include Miss lone Paße, Miss
Virginia Duane. Miss Sarah Robbins, Miss Angelica
t'htirch. Miss Constance Holt nd Miss Adelaide
Another charitable entertainment which Is In
active preparation is the presentation of Pelihes's
■Ballet of Cbppella," at the Waldorf-Astoria on
the afternoon ;in«l evening of Friday week, for the
l.en.-rit of th- -.. .' York Infirmary. The part of
Swanhlldi will be taken by Mrs. Langdon Geer,
who was Miss Dorothy Roosevelt. ■' •''•■' Wendell
is to take the part of the old makei <*oppeltus
arid Evert Wendell that of the burgomaster. Miss
Dorothy Bull, Mi^ Eleanor and Miss Katharine
Duane. Miss Ruth Davts, Miss Cornelia Hoyt. Miss
Louise Freeman. Miss Marjorie Dana and Miss
Edith Brooks will be among these appearing as
country t;ir!:? hii«! villagers, ho dance the Polish
mazurkas and the Magyar czardas.
Mrs. Frederick •■. WhitHdge, Mrs. Theodore PouK
las Robinson': Mi -I:-' W. .1 > Forest and Mrs. K.
11. Harriman ..re among th« patronesses of the
"bal •!•• tSte," which is it> be Riven on January 21
af tli- Plaza for in* benefit of the New York As
sociation for the Blind The debutantes have been
asked to dress their heads with 1 Bowers Most of
the men will wear papier iche heads, representing
domestic animals and birds, whilo a number of
those present will be In costume. Many dinners
•will be given la connection with the dance. Th©
committee of arrangements Includes Miss Gertrude
Bookman. Mlss.Kathryn Auerbach. Schuyler Schief
felln, Charles A. Dana, J. Harry Alexandra. Fran
cis H. Kinnicutt Charlea .- Butler and Theron
i >n Friday many will Rr> from I era to Philadelphia
to attend the first of the 'two Assembly balls on that
nlsht. which is •}'-<■ the dare of the first Assembly
ball of the season at Bo.c; :n. at rh« Hotel Somer
set, an entertainment at which New York society
will b« extensively represented. Among the patron
esses of the Boston Assembly are Mrs. Wlnthrop
Sergeant, Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer, Mrs Bayard
Thayer, Mrs. Oliver Ames, -■•!. Mrs. Francis Pea
body and Mrs. William C. Endlcott. jr. The
patronesses of the Philadelphia Assembly Include
as usual Mrs. George Me Call, Mrs. Charles H.
Krumbhaar and Mrs. Thomas McKee.n. while Alex
aadar Vaa Beau «la«r, Rlobai^ Mi GadiraiAdac aa4
A. J. Dallas D!xon are aawasj the m<-obera am f*^
Mrs. Vanderbilt gave a small dinner last Bight
it her boose in West 57th street for •-■• Baroness
'elliere. who has been staying with her arid who
on her return to Pari3 on Tuesday. wh»a Miss
Delia Gtirnee will be among her fellow passes-era.
Mr and Mrs. George J. Gould, who have be»n
spending the hoi: lay* at Georgian Court. Lak»>
■wood. N. J.. will return to town to-morrow.
Mr. and Mrs. C. Oliver Is^Mr. will l»av« here ear!y
this week for Alken. S. C, and will stay at Will
cox"s for a few days while their place is bei-rg
prepared for their occupancy. William H. sar. *.%
is spending a few days at Alken. bu* do»s not pur
pose to spend the season there.
Dr. and Mrs. W. Seward "Webb, who have rh>oa
entertaining a house party at Shelbiime. their place
in Vermont, for the Christmas and New Year holi
days, will return -••.•••' with, their ga<Mta.
BEXJAMIX B I COX.
Xczl- York Broker Weds Young
[Rv Telegraph to The Trrbur.e. '
Ler.ox. Jan. 2.— Miss Emily Louise Bacon, daugh
ter of -•■ William B. Bacon, of this town, *ai
married in Trinity Church at noon to-day to Hamil
ton Fis>. Benjamin, of New York. The Rev. Charles
O. Arnold, acting rector of the church, officiated.
On accoun: of the recent death of, Mr. Benjamin's
mother the service was simple.
The bride was giv*n away by Dr. Richard <",
Greenleaf, of Lenox. 91 was attended by ••-••-
ter. Mrs. John C Greenleaf, who acted as matron
of honor and -was her only attendant. Lieutenant
Julian A. Benjamin, of West Point, ■ brother of
the bridegroom, acted aa best man.
Following the wedding ceremony a small break
fast was spread at Rock Lawn, the homo of th«
Hamilton Fish Benjamin belongs to the Fish
family of New York. His mother was Miss Ju'.la.
Pish before sh<» married Samuel Nicoll Benjamin.
Hamilton Fish Benjamin Is a graduate of Yale, of
the class of 'OS. He Is a broker and banker, with
offlcs at No. i.- Wall street. New York. The
couple will live at No. 901 Lexington ■■».»■
The friends of the bride and bridegroom in, lk«]
church Included Mr. and Mrs. Giraud Foster. Mr.
and Mrs. Samuel Frothlcsharr:. Mr. and Mrs.
Frederic S. Delafield. Mr. and Mrs. Eben Stevens.
Mr. and Mrs. David T. Dana. Mr. ar.3 Mrs. George
wAthrop Folsom. M!ss Constance Folsorn. Dr.
and Mrs. R'.chard C. Gr»»r.!eaf.; Mr. and Mrs.
William Adams. Mr. ar.d Mrs. John C. Green'.eaf.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Greenleaf. Mr. and Mrs. Robt>
De Peyster Tytus. Mr. and Mrs. Richard C. Dixey.
Mrs. John Parkinson. Jr.. Mrs. John E. Alexandra
Newbold Morris. Mr. and Mrs. Guy A. Ward. Mrs.
George H. Lyman. Miss M. C. Lyman. Miss Ger
trude Parsons, Miss I^. M. Roosdvelt. M 133 Eleanor
Crosby. Miss Kala Caxy, Mi 33 Josepbina M. A.
Crosby, Miss Beatrice M. Crosby. Mr. and Mrs-
Albert Gray. Miss Janet Fish. Miss Rosamond
Dlxey, •Stuyresant Fish. Jr.. Marshall Kernochaa.
William W. Hoffmar. Robert Sedswick. M- Lean
Walton. Miss Barbara Hf«g;nson. Miss Dorothy
Forbes. Miss Margaret Codman. Miss E. B.
Emmons. Miss M R. Perkins. Mrs. WIT— E.
Rogers. Van Ness Philip. Mr. and Mrs. J. Story
Fay, 3d. Miss Helen Alexandra. Mies nMda la
Gallatin. Mrs. a. B. Gal'.atln. Mrs. J. Frederic*
Schenck. Frederick Sch«ick, Miss Aleld Schenck.
Mrs. Joseph W. Burden. BUM L«iTa Burden. Joseph,
W. Burden. Chester Q. Burden. Sheldon L. Crosby.
Miss Kittle Lawrence. Miss Irene BknkMS , Mm
Alice Appleton. Lieutenant Julian A. Benjamin.
Mrs. W. N. Benjamin. Kenneth Budd. Barrall Hoff
man, Albert Hoffman. Wil'iani M. Benjamin. Mr.
and Mrs. John Chipman Oray. Miss E. S. Bacon,
W. B. Rogers. J. .- . Ferguson and James D. Pell.
RECEPTION FOR ADMIRAL EVANS.
Committee of One Hundred to Greet Him aft
Carnegie Hall on Friday Night
Plans for th* reception for Rear Admire! Rob>y
D. Evans (retired) at Csmegle Hall on Friday night
have been completed. General Horace Porter, pres
ident of the Navy League of th» United States, will
preside. Admiral Evans win tell the story of oal
trip of the battleship fleet from Hampton Ro*is
to San Francisco. A reception committee of, MM
hundred will greet the admiral on. his arrival at th*
Amorg thos» on th» coramitt9» are- Hugh D.
Auchlnclcss. the Rev. Dr. Lyman Abbott. Aasjna*
Belmont, A. Noel B^akeman. th« R-»v. Dr. D. J.
Barren, John D. <^rimrnlns. I*aul D. Cravath. W.'l
lam Nelson Crcmwil, IFer.ry Clews), Bird S. Col^r.
Senator Depew, the Rev. Dr. Howard DuffieldL Jus
tice Vernon M. LVbJ, Cleveland H. Dodge. MMMI
A. Oriscom. Bishop (Jreer, Archer M Huntlngton.
the Rev. Dr. G. C. Houghtcn. A. Barton Hepburn.
Adrian H. Jollne, District Attorney Jerome. Bray
too Ives. George E. Ide, Wi!llam E. Isel'.n. Seth.
'. at, John J. M■-•M ■-• V ok. WLU'.arn McAdoo. the- Ray.
Dr. R. S. Mac Arthur. Frar.klln Murphy. Charles A.
Moor*. Lev! P. Morton. Controller Mets. •x-Jodga
Alton B. Parker. Get rge W. Perkins, the. R-v. Dr.
Charlea H. Park* Douprlaa liob!n?nn. tha Rev.
L'r. E. M Stires. Nathan Straus. Jacob H. SchlX
J. Edwa.nl Simmons. Fraru-13 Lyr.de Stetson. Isaa-s
N. Seligman. Georgft R. Sheldon. H. L. Satter'-e-.
riiarles M. Schwab, T. P. Shonts. William H.
Tninwlaln. Benjamin F. Tracy. Comeiiua Var-iet^
bllt, Edmund Wetmore. Paul Morton and J. Piar*
FARE BOX CARS FOR THIRD AVENTTB.
Open Pay-as-You-Enter Ones for Broadway
Next Summer, Too.
A new type of pay-as-you-enter cars. equipped
with fare boa on the rear platforms, will he
placed In operation on the Third Avenue Una oa
January 1& The conductors will give and receive)
transfers as heretofore, and will make change, but
will not be allowed to touch the nickels, whlrlx
must b« deposited In the fare box when the i>a»
senerers enter the oar.
Passengers will not b« allow«d to enter the car%
from the front platforms, but may leave the '•art
at either the front or rear doors. Patrons deslrlnef
transfers must ask for them when they enter th*
car. as conductor! will r.ot ls<«ue them at any other
time. Th© wv. >. ts will weigh seven tons less
than the nay-as-you-enter cars at present in opera
tion on the Madison avenue line of the Metropol
itan. Tl steps fold up when the cars are ■ mo
Frederick W. Whttredg*, receiver for th» Tfejr<s
Avenue I>ine. has also oriiere.l two hundred aw
pay-as-you-eritor open cars for use on the Broad
way line next summer. These, too. will be equipped,
with fare boxes. The new open earn will be bfiilt
on Mr. Whltridße's own desiam. and will have aa
aisle in the centre.
NEW CATHOLIC UNTVERSITY RECTOR.
Announcement of Bishop Carroll's Appoint
ment Expected Soon.
Washington. Jan. 2L— Formal an:!«uncemer.t <if th*
appointment of Bishop John Carroll, of Tf+lenrt.
.Mont., ns rector of the «'athoM-- Vniversity 0"
America. Is expected to he made *ome rhsM »"*r»
roonth. He will succeed Bishop Dent* -T. 0*0»-w.
Nell, who hi to become coadjutor bishop of Pan
Francisco, Bishop Carroll IB popular with MM
priests and hierarchy of. the country. He la par
ticularly well known m his diocese, and Is ■all
to be a man of great executive ability. He has pri
vately announced his acceptance of the new ofßce.
DINNER FOR COUNT BERNSTORFP.
Count Johann H»!nrtch yon -nstorff. the new
German Ambassador to the Pasted States, will b*
!■■».-•-• of honor at R dinner eiven by th* "Staat»»
Zeitung" at the Manhattan Club, on the evening
of February ♦.
Conm Bernstorn has accented an Invitation •» at
tend the monthly me*ting of th* New York Cham
ber of Commerce on the afternoon of that day.
.. Among the passengers who arrived yesterday
from abroad were:
THE I.' SITA.NTA. FP.OII LIVERPOOL
Sir William Wiseman. i Mrs. Marshall F:». i.
Colonel Wolseley On IF. J. Mackey.
Mrs. Ptorra Lortllanl ! James F. Dou«l«».
Mrs. Jain«a Brown Potter. | »
THE CEDKIC, FROM UVERFOOI
IIai tiMtko, i*-^» at •; _~is»iA fla«<MW A
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