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New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 03, 1909, Image 1

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" ~^.S?^^WW^RgM^*fr ~^aliS^r i** <^Mßl^^^^^ w-fjKS^^f&ftlSw^MwUl^^^^^^^^ I^^^^^
r~ LXVIII. • X° 22,784.
'. •
Kc-c.raininc PoUcjfhold.cn and Pre
icnt Disease, Dr. Foster TeUs
the Presidents.
Pr a nnslde Foster, editor of ""The St. Paul
Medical Journal" and chief examiner of the New
England Mutual Life Insurance Company for
Minnesota, speaking before the Association of
jjfe Insurance Presidents yesterday afternoon.
EEld ■' would be possible to add at least five
veins to the life of the average policynolder by
adoptine a an of re-examination once In five
years, as frequent medical examinations would
indicate the beginning of unsuspected diseases
In time to effect cures or materially retard the
progress of disease.
pr. Foster urged that as the life Insurance
business was more directly concerned with the
health of the people than any other business the
compart form a combination to carry out his
■all "' : " He referred to the large amount of
capital invested in life insurance and to the
prat number Of persons interested, either as in-
Eurers or insured, as proof that some action was
needed. The re-examination, according to his
Flan, would be free to policyholders. and the
trivia! cost, be sa!d, would be more than bal
anced by th« increased premiums that would
result. I':. Foster said:
Modern medicine has. above all. two chief
Sim* the prevention of disease and the recog-
Si of its earliest signs in the Individual.
to both of these aims the business of life insur
ance has an Immense interest, since the nearer
a-i»r<-ach to their accomplishment the more
II add to human longevity. Preventive medi
cine becomes mare nearlj an exact science all
•hetin*-- and. while its possibilities are far from
hPi-R recognized, this is not because of its own
teexactne« c- shortcomings, but because the
S ".ave not vet awakened to the fact that
'S3 ceases which cause the greatest number
of deaths and the preate^t amount of Fuffering
Z* actually preventable if money enough be
« to prevent them. The only way to ™li«
ell the ne^l'le actively in the cru.-ade against
Smwiwlble diseaae is to present the subject as
an economic one. which It surely is. and one
which ai>;.ea!s directly to their pocketbooks.
As far as the policyholders were concerned.
Dr. Foster paid. life insurance companies had
two chief objects in view: First, that every
noUcybolder shall b- physically pound when his
lolicy is issued, and. second, that he shall live
as long and pay as many premiums as possible.
ThesL- two conditions were also of great impor
tance to the pollcyholders themselves, he ex
plained, because a low death rate meant a
f mailer cost of insurance, and also because
fvery one .... live as long as possible.
Then •'■• added:
1 believe that the medical examinations for
life insurance in this country are rigorously and
honestly mane, and that the great majority of
accepted applicants are sound st the time their
policies are issued. This, of course. is as it
should Ik\ but so far as I know no effort is made .
by aw life insurance company to keep in touch ,
with its policyhoiuVrs after their policies are
'. Maj;y persons di* from kidney-disease, from ,
SJasrrculoFis, cancer, diabetes and heart disease
every >..-.:. and many millions of dollars are !
paid'by the life insurance companies which have ■
lSsu^l policies on the lives of these persons.
who wen sound when the policies were issued, ;
and ?.-ho migKt hay? lived much longer and paid
mamr morp annual premiums if the diseases ;
which c;ius^d their deaths had been recognized ,
and properly treated in their early stages. These
are the vpiv diseases which figure moat largely \
in your mortality tables.
Dr. Poster called attention to.the fact that the
whole tendency of modern medicine was toward !
the early rc-ro^nition and the prevention of dis- I
<n&>. and told the life insurance presidents that j
the company that first made a practical appli- j
cation of this principle to its business would n' t i
only bring afxiut a revolution in the business of j
life insurance but would confer an immense and
Siting benefit to the world.
When preventive medicine becomes actually
preventive, a large number of diseases, notably
the ctirr.municalile diseases, will become practi
cally extinct. ho said, just as the bubonic plague
fcntf chok-ra an- now practically extinct in the
»ost highly <-iviliz<-d communities. He added:
The possibilities >f property directed scientific
VfTort in the control of disease in animals have
been amply demonstrated ■■; the United States
govern nvnt in th** work that has been done In
Itae tart twenty-live years by the Department of
Agricuituro in protecting hogs, cattle and do
mestic fowls from the many ; ■ -•- which for
merly \\(T(- so Tital to these animal?--, and the
niliions expended by the government in this
v..»rkhavt- been returned many tiroes In the f<>rtn
of Increased profits to the farmers and stock
raisers, and have added immensely to our na
tional prosperity.
The j>r<;bl'nis of the control of the diseases
of maukind are not very different from the
problems of the control of the diseases of beasts.
The mr-rlicHl profession .' has for years been
pleading for g<«\f rrmfiital aid in t"n.- effort to
prevent preventable disease. It has pleaded to
tars. L*-t the immense influence of the life
Snrorai companies be brought to bear on the
■overt] • in this matu-r. nd those ears will
**• &~&.f no longer.
It was said that Dr. Foster's suggestion would
be consider* A by the association's life extension
eotnmitu*. which :f already busy with the pro
pj>s»l of Professor Irving Fisher, of Yale, who
, •*"•* the life Insurance companies to spend
rTs " n< in a tamraign of health education!
• Thomas H. Wil'ard. medical examiner of
'* Metropolitan Life Insurant-*- Company, said
*** in his company upward of five million poH
«*» had l^< n In fore- for more than five years
In the hvaustr:;.- department alone. To re-ex
.ne Uiese fisks. hv said, would cost not less
The ordirary ijolicyholder. he said*, would be
Jo3l^J 031^ tv death" at any attempt to re-examine
SO. £l!<1 'he man who consented to such re-ex
aartna" on and received a dean bill of health
*«tnd be inclined to let his policy lapse if it be
<««ne the !. an , U | rks ,, me .
p " C- W.-Ils. medical exaoainer of the
Lift-, said the only way to arrive at
K«r.etin ng m.. lVv r , sults desired by Dr. Fos
*«• »■•* l.y a i-araieipj of education, in the
™*»*°* ramp Wet. ttowiaj; men the l^m-fits to
g fleriwd from a n-gub.r recurring medical ex
gfeaU** to Gi3cover the banning* of any ills
«tkh rr.i E ht br«,m~ Berious.
„!?■• ? 9t2r "• lU)Krp - <> T l »" Mew York Life.
f^ * Ith his colleßCuelß. and said that the"
'-henu-. t1..,,-rh of undoubted benefit to all M .
b r TS ° U!:I ' >V tf> ° <;:icnslvc ' to b. PracUca^
th,", I^'S l ° ♦^^^raenu. Dr.' Foster M |d
that he toew tho «-he m^ wajJ 100 nove) jj ,
.te£n vi ..ImaedUitely „r -'«» "— «™, and
*as thtrefore not <lisa l)p<J i atf , d
- The^cheme is only a suggestion at best - he
win' Ul th V, f " "' *%&£& smbcai u<,rk
■« arow. and is gri>w lnR „.,„ l)|( h
I" 1 '" 1 '" mcdi.al.v ork. to be car Vie.) on right-
I/, aai Utter be c-indaaed by the *tat c Ighl -
to -nH^wT^-^T.'Sbi. wm. NEW-YORK. SATURDAY, APRIL 3, 1909. FOURTEEN PAGES.
Collections in March Largest in His
tory of This Port.
George W. ,Wanmaker. appraiser of the port,
said yesterday that the imports and duties col
lected for the month of March were the largest
in the history of the customs service at the port
of New York.
"The only way l can account for this is that
business men have exhausted their stocks of
merchandise and are compelled to buy more
poods to meet actual trade conditions," said Mr.
Wanraaker. "The increase in the total ap
praised value of merchandise for March in ex
cess of February is approximately (21,000,000,
the figures fur March being 587.M07.357 42. In
March, 1907, the banner month and year of the
customs, the total appraised value of merchan
dise was $80.081,52807.
"The division reports show conspicuous in
creases in diamonds and precious stones of nil
kinds, hides, rubber. silUs. cottons, furs, wool
lens, drugs, chemicals, sugar, metals, coffee.
t-i and cigars. During March diamonds and
other precious stones valued at close to $!fcooo,
«*>> more than during the same period last year
were received. Automobiles also show & large
increase, as during March Y2~> cars, valued Ht
(361.13912, were imported.
Jury Tells E. L. Mooney It Did Not
Put Credence in Bribery Stories.
The jury In the case of Franklin Bcutt & Co..
stock brokers, agt. Cyrus Field Judson. Jo
soph H. Hondley and Joseph Loiter, brought In
a verdict yesterday for the claimants In full'
with interest, the total amounting to $92.485
Since a verdict against Judson was given in a
previous suit, yesterday's verdict was changed
to apply only to Hoadley and Leiter.
The Jury congratulated Edmund I* Mooney.
counsel for the plaintiffs, and told him it had put
no credence in the assertions of witnesses for
the defence concerning Mr. Mooney's conduct
and the alleged "fixing" of a certain morning
newspaper. As they left the Jury box the
twelve men shook hands with Mr. Mooney and
congratulated him on his success.
Austen <;. Fox, counsel for Hoadley. on behalf
of his client and also on behalf of loiter, made
the usual application for a new trial, which was
denied. He then asked for a Stay rending exe
cution of the judgment, and was granted thirty
days and also thirty days to prepare a case on
appeal. r »
The suit was brought to recover $fiV<W>, with
Interest, from the three defendants, who w^rf
alleged to have been acting in a poo! T.i boost
International Power stock Jttdson, on April 2i»,
litoi'. gave Instructions to the plaintiffs to buy
I.<NNt shares of stock, which they did at *198 a
share. The following day they ralkwi on Judson
for the $I!is,<mxi to take up his shares and he
■was unable t'> respond The mnrket fell with
a crash, and the stock, within an hour, dropped
from $196 t" .?!"■<• a share The plaintiffs *.<ld
the stock and sued for the difference, asserting
that Judson was acting for himself. Hoadiey and
Justice Sutherland ordered the exhibits re
ferring to the charges of Hoadley arid Letter
that* they" had paid $2,.Vi0 to Mr. Moaney for
stopping the publication of stories derogatory to
the interests of the International Power Com
pany to be left in the custody of the clerk for
a period of thirty nays. This was at the request
of Mr. Mooney. who replied tha% be would use
them In further suits against Letter and Hoad
Mr. Fox paid thct if this phone of the case
was to go any further, and if Mr. Mooney want
ed an investigation before the Bar Association,
he did not think that these exhibits should be
dragged about the city.
House Office Building Overrun —
Women Clerks Frightened.
(From The Tribune Bureau.)
Washington. April 2. —If the government con
tinues its policy of allotting free seeds to mem
bers of Congress it will not be many years until
men stenographers have all the desirable cler
ical places In the Hour*- of Representatives.
The new $3/»O0.O00 office building of the House
is overrun with mice, and the women employes
re more concerned over this fact than they
are at the prospect that the Payne tariff bill will
raise the price of feminine wearing apparel.
Under the law each Representative receives
about ten thousand packages .if garden seeds
annually. Many members have had their allot
ments Fent to their rooms In the office building,
and > ith the seeds have come the mice. One
young woman who was taking down In her
shorthand notebooks words of Congressional
wisdom shrieked ho loudly when she saw a
mouse that she almost spoiled a tariff speech.
The secretary of a Western Representative said
she had counted in her room a dozen mice that
had come from "that horrid Agricultural De
partment," and declared she would give up her
place If seeds continued to be allowed In the
ofßc ■ building.
Ma?/ Give Democrats Victory in St.
Louis Election.
[By T«!r graph to The Tribune J
St. Louis. April '2. Thirty thousand Jewish
citizens of St. Louis will not be able to vote at
the municipal election next Tuesday unless they
violate the tenets of the orthodox faith. Mon
day faii« on the fjrst day of the Feast of th*
Passover, difr'nc which orthodox Jews are not
permitted to do any writing. They would be
obliged, to make their ballots count, to mark
the customary cross In the circle at the top of
the ballot. This would be writing.
As a large majority of the Jews in St. Louis
are Republicans, this may mean a Democratic
victory. Republicans assert that the Democratic
press ha.- called attention to this to frighten
Jews into remaining away from the polls.
Rabbi H. IVr«ira Mendes, of the Spanish-
Port tujueae Temple, In Central Park West, in
commenting on the situation in st. Louis, where
owing to the ratine of the Jewish Passover,
ail Jewish voters would be prohibited by the
tenets of the orthodox faith from ousting their
i allots on next Tu?*day, the date of the munici
pal election. had this to say yesterday:
"The tenets of the Jewish faith prohibit all
orthodox Hebrews from writing on the first
three days of the Passover. Since even the
marking of the- customary cross in the circle
at the head of the list of candidates constitutes
the act of writing. I cannot see how any member
of the faith can cast bis ballot on next Tuesday.
Th's rule of the Jewish faith holds Rood all over
the world, wherever, there are orthodox l'e-
Urcw s."
Brokers Said to Have Sold Stock in
Abandoned Mine and Mijthical
Co<d Properly.
George L. McKay, of No. 4*4 Convent avenue,
and Charles R. Colby, of No. 592 Convent ave
nue, brokers and officers of the George L. Mc-
Kay Company, with offices at No. 20 Broad
street, were arrested late yesterday by Lieu
tenants McConvtlle and Nelson and Post office
Inspector Elmer L. Kincald on charges of hav
ing: fraudulently used the mails to advertise
and sell stocks In coal and mining companies
which the government and police authorities say
are worthless.
The two brokers were placed in cells at Po
lice Headquarters, and an additional charge of
grand larceny was lodged against them. They
will be arraigned before United States Commis
sioner Shields this morning. The police say the
frauds charged against McKay will foot up to
about 1150.000 and that there are thirty com
plaints against him
Assistant United States Attorney Buckner
has had hundreds of complaints against Mc-
Kay, according to Inspector Klncald, some of
the complaints being dated as far back as No
vember. 1907. McKay said everything would
come out all right
According to Inspector Kinenid. warrants
charging the fraudulent use of the malls will
be served on McKay and Colby when they are
arraigned to-day.
One charge against McKay, according: to In
!<peet.>r Klncald. is that be sold the stock of a
mining company s.-iid t>> nave property in
Alaska after the property had bf.n abandoned.
The island Hay Mining Company of Alaska was
the name given to the property at Valdex,
Alaska, which was abandoned in July. l!>07. and
for which In November of the same year, ac
cording to the police, McKay sold stock. <;,-orife
L. McKay A- Co. had offices In Chicago and
<>n June 21, 1907, the Rnvwnmont charges,
McKay pent the following telegram to i>r E. T.
Griffith, at Voider.. Alaska
Stop work Knighfs Island Say n"thtnjj.
Take men to Land Lock. Make n<> deals until
we arrive.
The telegram was sent from Chicago, accord
ing to the government Inspector, and shortly
after McKay and J. Kreis. of th*« firm of Charles
Krels, bankers, of No. 263 La Snli<* avenue, Chi
»■£•>. who were said to be partners of McKay,
went to Valdex, met Dr. Crrlfflth. who advised
that the femes be abandoned, as they were
worthless, and returned after abandoning; the
property, It is charged that after this McKay
continued to advertise for fh!«\ and »oM. stock
or the Island Bay Mining Company of Alaska.
The Krels firm refunded some of the money
raid in for stock before the property was
given up. ~> j
Witt lam Hughes, of Indian Orchard," M! . and
,T. R. Lane, former County Clerk of Isacomh,
111.. *re given by Inspector Kiurai'd as com
plainants in the government's case against
Tie- Chisna Consolidated Mining ('•-inpriny
and the Equity Mhies s- ndlcate. a coal mine
proposition f.njr miles fr..m Coaldale, N-\..
were also said by Inspector Ktncald t.. be com
pnnles In which McKay has bee n intorested.
Inspector Kincald said last nijfht thai W. S.
Myton. of AmityviUe, Long Island, who mado
a trip to tlie Coaldale section, \* rote t,> the -
rrnmant agents here that he had talked with
men familiar With the country there, and that
they had told him they never heard of the prop
erty described as the Equity Mines Syndicate
The inspector has a copy of as advertising
pamphlet said to have beer. Issued by McKay
for the sale of the stocks he handled, and it was
the *endln« of this pamphlet, -The Shareholdt r, M
through the nvills that fed t<> McKay's arrest.
According to th<- advertisement .>f the Equity
Mines Syndicate in the paper, 'p. \\T Dalton,
General Electric Company, Scheaectady," ap
pears at president, and •'Henry Lincoln Case,
of No. .'U7 West ."►.Hth street. New York City."
as vice-president McKay is a director of this
company. Other names appearing In the ad
vertisement are -James Mac Martin. chief ensi
neer. Delaware & Hudson Railroad, Albany";
• \\\ P\ story. <;enrrni Electric Company, of
Bchencctady," and '.I. X Lane, ex-Countj Clerk,
Ifacomb. in."
Thr- s-tock book of the Island Hay Mining Com
pany, it Is said. Shows hire;, transfers of st... k
to McKay and a mnn described by Inspector
Klncai 1 as AuKUstus J. Hess, \\h<- was arrested
•ome time ago In Philadelphia and Is now out on
ball, according to Inspector Kincaid. Hess left
the McKay company on January 1. 1008.
I nape) tor Kincaid said that M. M. Allen, post
insist, r nt Honesdale, Perm.. was interested in a
railroad scheme which McKay wa.s aixiut to
bring out, but said that tiie postmaster was
drawn into It In Innocence.
When the detectives arrested McKay and
Colby they also talked with a man who said h>
was George A. Marr. a director of the company
and a member of the firm. Man- told Inspector
Kincaid {hat he bad been putting money into
the firm's business. At first Marr expressed his
willingness to giv<- ball for the prisoners, but
after talking with the detectives ami the In
spector decided he would not. Marr told In
spector Kincaid that he might lose upward of
McKay came to New Fork In 1908 fr..m Ta
coma. Wash
Henry Lincoln Case, an instructor of singing,
said last night at his home. No. ."{47 West 58th
street, that he was vice-president of the Equity
Mines Svndlcjite from January 1, l'.HiN. to Janu
ary 1. l'.MlO. He said he resigned the fir-t of the
year, and received a letter from the other mem
bers of the syndicate accepting his resignation
on February -'.I. He said he knew little of the
company's affairs, having attended only three
meetings during the year. .Mr. Case sal. he
hold r>.<loo shares of the syndicate s.c k M .">
cents a share and 4.(MM> shares of the i ock of
the Chisnu mines at -'•"• cents a share. He said
he understood McKay and Colby had turned the
CHisna proposition over to the Krejs firm, and
that all the literature he bad received one.
Ing: Chisna came to him from the Chicago firm.
Chicago, April -Wheat prices on th* Hoard of
Trade to-day eclipsed the high record mark for the
seas.- a, established yesterday, for ail deliveries,
the May option advnnclng to $121 a tushei ami
the July to $1 OSV. Crop damage reports urn! an
urgent demand for the cash grata here nntl at
Kansas City aJid St. Louis were factors o.int-lbut-
In? to the upwaid flight of . prices.
L*wf>2rpSfr*ed for quality and flavor, "Salatla" Tea.
Trial packet We.— Advt. „,..,
Orders Interborough to Abandon
Secretly Constructed Stcinicay
Tube Connection.
Permission to extend the McAdoo funnel sys
tem from :?.".d street and Sixth avenue to the
Grand central Station was practically granted
yesterday by the Public Service Commission
When it adopted the rci>ort of Us sub-committee,
composed of Chairman WlUcox and Commis
sioner Maltbie. which was strongly in favor of
the application of the Hudson & Manhattan
4tailroad Company. The report dealt only with
the proposed character and location of the Mc-
Adoo route, i.ut the opinion of the commission
was too plain to mistake.
Counsel for the commission was ordered to
prepare a form of certificate or contract, and
an order was passed setting a hearing on the
form of certificate -for April 21.
The report of the sub-committee was decidedly
unfavorable to the Interborough Rapid Transit
Company's plan for a two-track extension <*f the
present subway up Lexington avenue, as out
lined recently by President Shonts. and it also
called for the abandonment by the Interborough
of the secrWlly constructed cable conduit which
connects the present city" subway and the Stein
way or Belmonl tunnel.
It developed from the sub-committee's report
that William G. McAdoo, president of the Hud
son & Manhattan Railroad Company, recently
filed with the commission's engineers certain
modifications of the original plans submitted
for the extension of his line. These modifica
tions, which were considered and approved by
the commission after several conferences with
the McAdoo engineers, provide that the exten
sion occupy the fourth subway level in *-'*
street It will thus be possible to construct a
north and south subway in Madison avenue and
in Fifth avenue under the present city subway
and above the proposed McAdoo tunnel.
The objections of the Interborough to the pro
posed McAdoo extension, on the ground that it
would interfere with the operation of the present
city subway and with the Lexington avenue ex
tension asked, by the Interborough, are disposed
of as follows by the port of the sub-commit
As thus planned, the Hudson & Manhattan
route will not Interfere with the operation of
the present Interborough subway. It has been
ill-Bed, however, by the Interborongh company,
that the location of the station Immediately in
front of the Grand Central Station will interfere
with the construction of a two-track extension
by the Interborough company up Lexington
'^According to the plans of thai company, a
two-track branch from the present subway in
Park avenue would turn easterly through 4.d
street to Lexington avenue, and thence run
northerly under Lexington avenue. If such a
connection were to bo built it would seriously
interfere with the utility of the Hudson A. Man
hattan tunnel, would prevent the extension of
that tunnel easterly in «M street to any other
connection In Mahattan or in Queens, would
• nil-. Iv upset the present plans for the Broad
way-Lexington avenue road, and would make
necessary the removal of the station upon that
subway a considerable distance north of «3d
street thus inconveniencing the public.
But Jt Ik not necessary to make such a con
nection by way of «d street even if an exten
sion to the present subway »cere to be built up
Lexington avenue. Practically all of tie ad
vantages of such an Interborough extensf.n can
be secured by branches through -list street or
any other street or *treets*south Of 42.1 street.
Ind 1 connections In such streets will inter
fere less with future developments and with
the proper treatment of the Broadway-Lexing
ton avenue subway than would a connection in
* 2A2 A c.'mn..ti..n in «d street lias, indeed, no
great advantage over connections made through
other streets south of 42d street, and has many
objectionable features which the others do not
have for they would make possible the con
struction Of a Station in Lexington avenue at
I2d street, which Is very desirable from the
point of view "f the public.
Having shewn that the McAdoo extension
wo, ild not tn its opinion, interfere with the
operation of the present subway, or with any
Interborough extensions which the commission
maj approve oft the sub-committee pointed oat
that the modified BlcAdoo plan would not in
terfere witJi any plans which the commission
had in mind for the construction of Independent
subways In the future.
The mod Mod McAdoo rouU is so planned
that stations may be built at 4'Jd street and
Fifth avenue, and near 3t»t h 'street in Sixth
avenue. The extension is to contain two tracks
n< does the present McAdoo tunnel under sixth
avenue to 33d street. The terminal will extend
fr,.m the westerly side of Lexington avenue to
th, westerly side of Park avenue. Connections
Will be made from the terminal t-> the Grand
Central Station, the Lexington avenue station
of the Steinway tunnel and the Grand Central
station of the present city subway.
In VJd street the extension is t" be built under
the south side of the street, so that it will be
possible to build two more tracks on the same
level north ■>( it. These may be used cither by
the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Company or
as a continuation of the Steinway tunnel, or
by another company.
where the McAdoo tube leaves sixth avenue
it will be possible, if fOlfnd desirable :it some
future time, to build a connecting line up Sixth
avenue, north of 40th street.
The Steinway tunnel may also b<» continued
upon us present level under the McAdoo tube,
„r upon a higher level, nut only to sixth avenue,
bui to the North River, a physical connection
,;,n be made east <-f Lexington avenue oetween
the Stelnway tunnai and tha McAdoo tube. s..
that cars may be run from the Steinway tunnel
directly Into the BicAdoo tube and thus down
sixth avenue.
It will also be possible t<> extend the McAdoo
tunnel eastwardlj in 4i'd street under the pro
posed Broadway - Lex JT>gt"P avenue subway and
above the Stelnway ttinnel to -tiier connections
in .Manhattan and Queens.
Dv Pont Company Sets Aside 2.000 Shares
of Preferred for Workmen.
[By If graph to Tnc Tribune]
Wilmington. Del. 1 ; April Officials of lie E. I.
<lv Font <!■ Nemours Powder Company, the prin
cipal organization an-.l real Bead of the Powder
Trust, aim-. .meed to-day that the company had
decided to allow Its employes to purchase 2.000
shares Of the preferred stock of the company and
become members <>f the corporation. Employes
receiving salaries of $1,000 a year or less may pur
chase stock to the par value of _>>> per cent of
their talari those receiving up to J2,j<iO a year,
15 per cent; up to SO.tVio a year, 1 ( ) per cent, and
above that amount, I per cent. &
Paris, April -• The Salon jury of 1909 has ac
cepted and will hang a picture of Maurice I.eval
lard. ■" twelve years old. who is believed to be the
world's youngest artist.
One Suspected Woman Believed To
Be in San Francisco.
Two dressmakers of this city tinder suspicion
of being implicated ?r. the 'smuggling of gowns
into this port on steamers of the American and
Red Star lines it was ; learned yesterday had
left the city. Secret Service men In the employ
of the United States Attorney, who is making
an effort to trace the Illicit importers, were un
able to find the women yesterday at their es
tablishments, and information concerning their
whereabouts was refused by , those left in
A clew to the identity of one woman connected
with the smugging was found early in March.
when a trunk containing Sr>,<HH> worth of
gowns was found In a warehouse uptown after
it had been removed from the piT of the Red
Star Line. It is said that one of the women
under suspicion has gone to San Francisco and
that customs officials of that port have r.een in
structed to watch her business transactions
While the exact nature of the transaction be
tween the importers here and the shippers in
Frame Is not known. It Is thought that the
smuggled Roods had been paid for by the im
porters wbHe they were abroad
Carriers Read it nith Carload ofXon-
Vtdon Men.
Buffalo, April •_>.— The arrival here to-day of a
carload of non-union engineers, oilers and fire
men is looked on as the opening gun DO the tight
between the Lake Carriers' Association and the
various unions on the Great Lakes. The Lake
Carriers' Association determined some months
ago to adopt an open shop policy, and the con
tracts sent to the marine engineers for this sea
son w»re returned to the lake carriers unsigned.
The non-union men are housed in an elevator
owned by the Mutual Transit Company. April
IS is the date set for the opening of navigation
Officials of the Mutual Transit Company ?ay
their fleet of sixteen boats will be manned and
ready for business on that date.
A grneral strike is not expected, but the En
gineers, Firemen, Oilers and Water Tenders'
Association is one nf the largest and strongest
bodies on thf Great I^akes. and declares It can
tie up lake transportation. An extra squad of
police was Sent to the piers to-day.
Fifth Avenue Blaze Drans Large
Croud and Jie* Up Traffic.
Defective electric wiring started n |I*.*M
blase inst night on the top floor of the Bristol
office building, formerly the Bristol ty'tel. .-n
the northwest corner of Fifth avenue and 4.N!
street. A young milliner was cut by broken
glass, a fireman was injured, and traffic was
tied up for more than an hour.
The fire started In the photographic studio
of Charles Hallen, which, with the millinery
establishment af Mrs. Rose Tucli. occupied most
of thi- seventh floor. The firemen of four engine
companies and two truck companies soon t.roke
in on them.
Mrs. Tucli and three assistants raced down
to 0m sixth floor as soon as they noticed the
fire, and Mrs. Tuch fainted. The three girls
stayed by their unconscious employer, dropping
on the floor the armful* of Faster hats th»y
had snatched up In their flight, until Jacob
DeutaghCT appeared and carried her down to
the sidewalk.
The firemen lonfined the blaze to the top of
th^ building. Mr. Hallen said his loss was
$s.oi">n, uninsured. He made; the firemen go up
to the top floor to look for his bull pup. which,
however, had already escaped.
Among the tenants are th.- brokerage firms
of Charles Mtnaeahefaner & 00. and E. C. Potter
& Co.
Says He Hat $10,000jW0 for Ware
houses To Save South Millions.
[By Telegraph to The Tribune ]
Atlanta. April '2. — Daniel J. Sully to-day an
nounced a plan of bettering cotton conditions in
tha South by the establishment of a chain of
bonded warehouses. He says h-> has a minimum
fund of SI4MMM>,OOO already subscribed by the
most conservative financiers in the United
States, available to be invested in ironclad se
curities to insure the ability and responsibility
of the plan's promoters to redeem th- ir promises
and obligations to th.- last detail, a
The result, it Is asserted, will be an annual
actual cash saving to the South, ranging from
(150.4100.000 to $•.!.">< U » X MX n >. The stock will be
offered to Southern people. Mr. Sully has re
celved promises of co-operation from the farm
ers and their organizations.
Reputed Cousin of Sarah Bernhardt
Found it: Her Locked Bedroom.
Mrs. Matilda Shaw, a teacher of French and
author of French books, and said to have been
a cousin of Sarah Bernhardt, the actress, died
•lone yesterday in :i locked room at No. i'«; - _'
West 11th street, where she lived. Her death
was discovered by her frhyatetan. Dr. Faxton X
Gardner, of No, 6M Madison avenue* who forced
her door when he could get no response. H**
found that she h.id been dead severe 1 , hours.
Coroner Harburger found in the room several
photographs of Sarah Bernhardt. all auto
graphed On the largest was this Inscription:
"A ma Cher* petite Annie Chariest" A letter
from former President Koosevelt, found in the
room, read us follows.
White House. Washington. January ijt. 1907.
My IVar Madam -I shall read "La Frontiere"
with very real interest. Pray present M. Cla
retle with my best regards, and with many
thank*, believe me. sincerely yours.
Mrs. Matilda Sh.iv>. No. 262 West nth -treet.
New York.
One of .Mrs. Shaw'? books, "Illustres ft In
connus." lay open on the tabje.
Mrs. Shaw cam- to New York from France
about four years «go with her husband. G. A.
Shaw, who was connected with "The Herald."
They soon separated, according to Mrs. Shaw's
landlady, anil the husband went to live with a
rtepson, L. Victor Heckles, of No. ISI Putnam
avenue. Brooklyn, a lawyer. Mr. Shaw died
about a year ago. Some time after his death,
it was said last ni*ht. Mrs. Shaw learned that
he lad fallen heir to about 1100.000 by the death
of Scotch relatives. She intended to go to
Scotland in Mat to claim this Inheritance.
I* replete with beautiful color and half-tone pt t
urrs- Intensely intnestinc md dramatic fiction;
Illustrated K.i M"i fashions and an abundance
if ft it in c api tallng to men. » onion and children.
Order from your newsdealer to-day.— Advt.
Substitute for Provision of PaynS
Bill Understood to Have Presi
dent Taft'.s Approval.
. / ** i § *
[From The Tribune Bureau. 1 <ij<Cf
Washington. April '2.— Senator Aldrich hap4?s
vised a substitute for the maximum and mint-
mum provision of the Payne bill which meets
the approval of the President and the Financa
Committee and will be made public when th»
substitute for the Payne bill Is 'reported to th«
Senate. The new plan is a compromise which]
meets the views of the President as expressed la
his first tariff conference with Senator Aldrich
and others, and yet avoids th ■ objections which
the Senator from Rhode Island has to the Payne
provision. Under- its terms the minimum rate*
will go into effect immediately after the passage
of the bill and remain In force for from nine to
twelve months, the exact period remaining to h«
decided. At the end of that time the maximum
rates will go into effect automatically except ii
the case of those countries which have dessaawr
strated to the satisfaction of the President that
they are giving to the United States as good
opportunities for tnfde as they grant to any
other nation. ■'■•'£■
It is maintained that so far as American tariff
rates are concerned the effect of the substitute
will not be materially different from that of tha
Payne provision, but from a diplomatic point oft
view it is asserted for the Aldrich plan that ft
obviates the punitive character of the maxlmun*
rates unavoidable under the Payne provision;
that it places on foreign nations the burden of
proof that they are granting to this country con
cession* equal to those granted to any other na
tion, and that it relieves the President of the
unpleasant necessity of enforcing the maximum
rates, which will go into effect automatically
unless lie is In a position to say that he is satis
fled th-» United States Is receiving every conces
sion from a given country which it grants t»>
any other nation. Incidentally, the provision
delegates to the President ample authority to
Ignore any minor or neighborhood trade agree
ments which, in his. Judgment, are not inimical
to the trade of the United States.
The long period before the maximum rates go
Into effect it Is contended will afford ail for
eign nations abundant opportunity to arran?»
their tariff agreements so as to obtain the mini
mum rates from the United States. It will, its
friends say, further establish the market pries
of commodities in the United States, and. with
the knowledge that most foreign countries will
take the steps necessary to secure the minimum
rates, wi'l prevent American manufacturers
from organizing their business on the basis of
the maximum duties, and, finally. r he certainty
that most foreign countries will avail themselves
of the minimum rates, will. It is maintained,
prevent the Imposition of the maximum duties
in Individual cases from creating fictitious val
ues in the United States.
A further provision of the Aldrich substitute
creates a tariff bureau which will be charged
with the duty of obtaining information regard
ing the Imposition of tariffs In foreign countries
with a view to advising the President when it
is proper to grant the minimum rates, and wilt
also act us a clearing house for tariff informa
tion which now reaches this government through,
numerous channels and several different depart
Such information will not only b* gathered,
but collated and prepared in the most con
venient form for the use of the President antS
the Congress. This bureau wil' be in no sense
a tariff commission, as it will have no authority
to make recommendation 1 ; to Congress regard^
ing tariff rates, but will merely serve aw a
bureau of information for the use of '.he Execu
tive and the Congress.
Before the Cabin-t sweeting t lay sident
Taft had a conference with Sir. A?.:--:ch and
Secretary MacYesjsjh. Omatot Alirich. assured
the President that the commitee i^ ssaktnaj most
sattafStctOT] fllllsllW with thf tariff l> ,1. ami
said thtW WOOU be little ..r no delay in taking
the measure ;ip in the Senate following a vot*
in th» House* The administrative features of
the Senate bill then were taken up for discus
sion, which will be resumed at the White Housa
next week. Senator Aldrich left here for N>»
York to-day, and tha Finance Committee will
not sseat in his absence.
There have b^r reports to the effect that ttn>
majority sentiment in the Senate was opposed
to the minimum and maximum principle. Pres
ident Taft has not shared this belief, and t'"»
day h>' n cei\ ed definite assurance as to tha
correctness of his position, when Senator Aid
rich outlined to him his own position and that
.if the majority of the Finance Committee. Tha
Aldrich plan gtti - ' I - completa
power of Inquiry and decision. Th-> Suprema
Court of the United States, hi a case involvlns;
th.- C'nstitutionaliry of the McKinley tariff art.
decided that Congress by a similar method .of
administration was not delegating its authority
to the Executive. Congress will fix absoluta
rates, whlcb will a: ply under circumstances
which It prescribes, and discretion will rest witll
the President.
The Finance Committee to-day considered tha
'■ Bacon resolution providing that minority mem
bers of the committee shall be entitled to sit
with the Republican sub-committee to cross
examine witnesses. In the debate yesterday the
principal complaint made by several Democratic
! Senators was that the testimony given before-
I the committee was ex pane, and that It would
| not be fair to have this given to the country as ■>
i statement at the facts. After full discussion to
i day it was decided that the testimony of the cx
i perts who are summoned by the Republican
j sub-committee shall not be made public, but b«
open to tha personal inspection At the minority
members of the committee. No report on the
Bacon resolution will be made, and the Repu!>
! lican members of the Finance Committee will
' continue to obtain information on the tariff
question, and la frame the new schedules in ac
1 cordance with the plan mapped out at the he
' ginning. After the new schedules have been
; made the minority members of the committee will
i be called in and' requested to assist in framing
! the administrative features of the law. The sub
| committee will not meet until Monday, certain
; Independent work having been assigned to th*
members. Many Senators have constituents who
: desire to. appear before the committee"^ next
j week. It will be impossible to hear one-tenth of
those who have made application, but the com
mittee will try to find time for short confer
\ences with those whom Senators recommend as
j competent to give expert Information. #
Th* President has taken occasion to make it
clear to those who have consulted him regarding
the valuation provision of the Payne bill that it
has his entire approval. Some, of bis callers

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