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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, April 08, 1909, Image 8

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6
APPROVE WAGNER HILL
COXFEI! ON COURTHOUSE.
lawyers' Association* and Justices
Favor OtMMUmm Site.
As a raawtt d" the oor.ferenee on courthouse ' " !i '.
MM ycsTerCay in Tnrr XVIII of th.-> Supreme Court
!n the present huilding. in City Han Park, the
"VTapaer bill, giving a!! power to the Supreme <"ourt
Justice*. «tr approved. A resolution to that '"
lert wa* cc^fi amended with a recommendation
that the >-•- for th« new building be where the
courthouse r.or- is. or tiea<- it. Hut the action was
rot unanimous. L. I-aflin Keiioge. representing the
JCe-r- York Coonty Lawyers' Association, was In
opposition.
Th» st«etlnc empowered the presWlns officer.
Charles V. Bosrwirk. to appoint a committee to be
at the hearing on the bill in Albany next Tuesday
and urge Its approval. Mr. Kellogg sail that his
Msoclation would have a committee there to op
pose the bill. J>lward Ixiuterbach. who was on the
committee of the County Lawyers" Association on
Baasrtlkssjw f;te. of which Mr. Kellogg is chairman.
«Tld not Join In the opposition with the latter, but
JSivorea the Wagner bill.
Mr. K^H^gg «iid &t the meeting that the Court
house Commission was all ready t" recommend the
rite of the prr-sent buiiiing. that the Board o»'
Estimate and Apportionment would concur, and
that rrom $S.«C'W<O to JS.OOG.WB would be given for a
Ctw structure. He declared that to favor the
TVagner bill would be to throw everything bark
for an Indefinite period, and that If that bill be
came a law m«>re couM not be done than would be
done hi a very chort time, nor would the action be
or, different lines so far as a cite or building were
concerned.
Th* Association of th* Bar of the City of New
York wa* responsible for the m • • ting of yesterday.
It had appointed a committee, with *ir. Bostwick as
cnalrman. to bring the movement for a new court
ajoase to • definite Issue. Mr. Bostwick " tanned
the meeting, the justices were represented, the two
lawyers' associations had committees present, and
there were representatives there from the Federa
tion of Fine Arts, the City Club, the Allied Real
Estate Interests and the Chamber of Commerce.
Ex-Judge Whitman was the secretary.
Mr. Bostwick read the call for the meeting, in
•which he said the justices were opposed to the
present site, .... one north of Chambers
rtreet. Ncr were other public bodies opposed to a
building just north of City Hal! Park. But legis
lation was r.eeded. he said, to niak* it possible to
choose that site, and there might be objections be
cause of the increased coat. He then gave the I '--
tory of the work done by the Courthouse Com
mission, and paid that a site north of Chambers
rtreet -would be more convergent than any other,
and would also be a sort of protection to City Hal!
Park.
Justice Grwnbaum spoke tor the Justices. He
raid if a suitable building could not be erected at
this time ■■■- SB of the cost, there should be de
lay until enough money could be obtained. Charles
Tweed, a member sf the CharrJ>er of Commerce,
tpeaking for himself, said that the vicinity of City
Hall Park was the b*>«t place for a site, and he
di<s not aria to see the proportions of the present
building Interfered with. William J. ScMeffelto
and other speakers opposed the erection of a sky
f-rar-r In the park.
Ex-Surrogate Rastos B Ransom Introduced the
resolution favoring the Wagner bill. He wanted
the approval of a courthouse site find the ap
propriation of mon«»y for th* building taken out of
the hands of the Board of Kstimate and Apportion
ment. He said the present building was most un
healthful and should po. Justice Guy raid that
there cat «it present no body empowered to go
ahead with the work, that the subject rested prop
erly with the Justices. He declared it would please
the justices Just *s rr.:i<*h if th* present site were
chosen and the building could be made large
enough.
Charles F. Mat son ofTer«"i nn amendment to
the resolution that the site should be either the
present cne or one rear by. At this point Mr.
Keilocs Kiid that the County Lawyers" Association
would not be bound by the action of the* meeting
uries? it was unanimous. Before the vote was
taken Justk-« Greenbaum said 'that the justices
should i>e left unhampered in every way; the 3*
should either be intrusted with the whole affair or
not intrusted with it at all.
When the vote was taken the justices favored
the resolution, th- Association of the Bar of the
City of New York voted eight for nnd two against
and the County Lawyers* Association voted against
it. The other nrgjinizations did rot vote. Mr.
Bostwick said ... resolution had been carried,
and then James A. Gifford offered a resolution that
I a committee go to Albany next week to favor the
Tori and this was carried.
t BOOM REAL ESTATE MEX.
Marling and Kennelly Being Pushed
for Mayoralty Nomination.
Alfred E. Marling, Independent Republican, and
Bryan L. Ketmeirr, independent Democrat, ere
being quietly pushed by their respective friends for
the anti-Tammany mayoralty nomination. The
friends ,of these men have given due consideration
to th» fact that a spring boom for a mayoralty
candidate frequently turn* out to be one of the
worst things that can happen to m. but that does
not deter them from sounding their friends about
the qualifications of two well known real estate
dealers.
It is understood hi real estate circles that at the.
proper time Mr Marling will have the support of
the Greater N"«=t« York Taxpayers' Conference.
•which is organized hi all the boroughs. Its pres*
dent Is ex-Senator George w. Brush. It demands a
strictly business administration of municipal af-
Mn, ,po that taxes may be kept at the minimum.
Its ■ «-- m hers were mainly recruited from the Aii'e-i
Beal Estate tat* rests of which Allan Robinson is
president, and the Realty League, of which former
Assemblyman Alfred R. Conkling is president. Mr.
Marlins: la prominent in church and philanthropic
affairs, and his friends believe that as a business
men'» candidate he would duplicate the success of
former Mayor Strong, fifteen years ago.
The friends of Bryan I. Kenneliy say that he
probably will be supported by the Taxpayers' (.'on-
Cress, recently organized by Joseph P. Day, presi
dent of the Her.: Estate Board of Brokers Tne
congress disavows partisan politics, declaring for
economical administration in all the boroughs.
Robert E. Dowtkag; was chosen president of the or
ganization and Colonel John Jacob Astor vice
president. Nearly all the members of the Kef, 1 ,
Estate Board of Brokers are members of the con
gress. While the organization is not in any man
ner nomroitted to any candidate, there is a strong
sentiment in favor of Mr. Kennedy. The Kenngily
men pay that Tammany men would not welcome
htm as a candidate, but that Mr. Murphy could be
compelled to take him. because If he did not it
would be easy to rally the support of the inde
pendents behind Mr. Kesmelly, and perhaps obtain
a Republican nomination. In 1903 Mr. Kennelly
came out squarely against Tammany, presiding r«t
the meeting of independent Democrats in Cooper
T'bloij In the second Low campaign. Mr. Keniifl. y
is a trustee of the Catholic Cathedral, and has a
good social position.
The real estate men seem to take the position that
th* campaign Issue next fall will be a business
like administration of the clty'a affairs, and that
the voters will pay little attention to strictly po
litical linen. If they are turned down when they
request the leaders to consider the qualifications of
h taxpayers" candidate they will vote for the candi
date that comes nearest to their iieai from a
rtrictly business man 1 point of view.
NEW MARYLAND REPUBLICAN LEADER.
William F. Stems, Collector cf the Port of
Baltimore, Landed in the Saddle.
IBy T<>«Tf.j,h to The Tribune.!
SaJUir.ore. Apr!! 7— The political wheel In the
Republican party of Maryland whirled around to
day and as a re* • "William F. Etone. collector of
tht- port, w36 lar-de-t! safely in the saddle an the
elate leader.
This chance *•»« brought about by the election
cf John 11. Har.r.a. of Uarfor«J. as the chairman of
• tfes ■ HejJwlScan State Central Committee and the
destruction cf whatever vestige of power remained
tc iigress:naii Sydney E. Mudd. of Southern
Maryland, ar.'J ex-Congrcwman William H. Jack
tOK.-of the. Eastern Shore., by the overthrow of
'Thntr^-ti farrar.. w:*.o .-..1 the place. The contest
•»•»> .... <>r.e &r.4 rhen I*a.rraa realised Ins vtas
bttitu u» withdrew bis suet, _,
7~- INrr theTJ^T COKKBCTING CAWER OF THE MANHATTAN BBIDGK IN PLACE YESTKULAY.
T , —- »- gM. »a. —m— « *- »- ~* — - -*■ JS 'wT-™" "■ D ' •""* " '-~'
Bascemfl and j^exander Johnson, engineers of the Bridge PePftrtrc* ll *-
XKJr HIGH WHEAT LEVEL.
Europe's Estimated Xccd in Next
Four Months, 60,000,000 Bushels.
'"hirnir.>. Apr!! 7. — On a senwaHorml openiiit: wheat
Board of TraA I ■.•■Ach^-d ti-.p high
est] •t. one exception, in -. re 1 twenty
years. May wl eat touched 5' *Z\. and
The tnnrket d

Liverpool advanced yesterday and continued to
ds--, being reported 2^jd to 3VI over Monday's
closing prices. An English authority startled the
trade with an estimate that Europe would require
fifty million bushels from America within the next
four months. Where this is to come from no
trader was found to-day to explain. As Indicating
the shortage of the domestic crop, it is stated that
Kansas City, a great shipping point for winter
wheat, has been a heavy buyer at Minneapolis for
her own mills.
How much the congested condition of the May
deliver; has to do with present prices can be ex
plained only by the man who controls the market,
and his only word is that supply and demand, and
not manipulation, an responsible for the advance.
This trader has for months been accumulating a
line estimated at 2,s<>'Wo bushels.
The highest previous price for May wheat within
twenty years was reached during the loiter deal
in 3K>S when the price reached $! S5. At that tlma
the price of bread In Kurope. notably Italy, ad
vanced so that the peasantry suffered severely.
I^eiter, however, lost heavily on the deaL
• market opened rest*
• nni advance in the May option, due I
- . . . ■• nteresi
. . rner in the cereal for de
■ • • Broken fen over on
■ ■ • -■ .
• it has touched since
t the 1 mous Letter corner I
d Beptember options advanced in sym
-■.-.- • ■
| .. respectively.
Prices of wheat also advanced on a': the foreign
grain markets yesterday, there being an upturn of
2^4 cents a bushel at Paris, 2 cents at Berlin and
I*4 cents at Liverpool. *
After the sharp opening advance In the local
n-.arket yesterday there came a reaction, due to
profit taking by the bulls, which carried prices
down about 1 cent from the top. The bullish re
port of the Department of Agriculture, however,
which was issued ul noon, caused another sharp
buying movement which again carried prices up to
the high point of the day. ard the excitement in the
pit was renewed. The report indicated that this
year's harvest of winter wheat will be the smallest
m five years, and this without allowing for the
pcreage sown last- fall and abandoned during the
winter.
er of IHB forced I
t to $2 a i ush ■'„ twit except for this and the
the price touched yesi
has been exc«ed« 1 only three times in the !a?t thirty
namely in ■ ■ M when it touched 51 ♦»;
in Od '■ ■ •• ■ ; tied I
touched SI B
•at has forced up tl •
O f flour. In son c tnst cents
a ha r: . _- • added by the millers
■ . the Pi sterday
;• i :.^: .^ :,l- ' M and 1580 at tr.e
■ • ; ear The high pYice of wl eat la
tinue and millers are said to be
greatly concerned over the outlook.
LOW WINTER WHEAT AVERAGE.
82.2 Per Cent of Normal— Local Statistician
Estimates Crop at 373,550,000 Bushels.
Washington. April 7.— A winter wheat average or
82.2 per cent of normal, against 91.3 a year jo, and
a rye average of 87.2. against 59.1 a year ago, were
announced In the report of the Department or
Agriculture Issued to-day.
As figured by Henry Heinzer, statistician of the
New York Prod Exchange, the indication on
winter wheat Is for a crop of 273.550.000 bushels, as
•-gainst an indication of 410,111,<"'»"j bushels at the
same time a year ago. and an actual harvest last
year of U7.908.00Q bushels. The indication for rye is
for ■ crop of 30.380.000 bushels, as compared with
E2.Ca.4XN bushels, the indicated crop In April. ISOB.
S2.M?. bushels the Indicated crop in April. 19"iS. Ac-
According to thv?e ficrures the winter wheat harvest
in 1909 will be the smallest in five years.
RECORD PRICE FOR BRITISH WHEAT.
L«ondon, April ".—The British wheat market,
which has been rising for some time, to-day
touched Ms (d, the highest price in London for a
quarter of a century, except momentarily at the
time of the L«eitrr corner. British farmers' stocks
are now only 20 per cent of the average for this
time of year, good prices having induced them In
most Oases to market their stock, mainly to Ger
many and Italy, .on after harvest. According to
the best authorities here stocks throughout the
world are- at low ebb.
Leading merchants In' Ix>r.d?n anticipate a still
further advance in prices but opinions differ
whether the rise will be permanent. Some con
cider that, owinig to the low prices of the past,
the ncreage sown has bwn greatly curtailed; hence,
consumption is overtaking production. Others leas
pessimistic think that the addition of a few shil
lings a quarter to the current prices wilil bring out
reserve stocks of wheat from all sorts of unsus
pected places. All agree, however, that there is
an undoubted scarcity in the United Kingdom and
that the continuance of high prices will result In
an extension of the area of wheat cultivation in
Great Britain.
$100,000,000 SOUTHERN PACIFIC BONDS.
Million Shares Authorized at Annual Meeting
in Louisville.
Louisville, Apr!) 7.— The annual meeting of the
stockholders of the Southern Pacific Company was
he'll v day in the offices of the company, at Beech
mont, a suburb. Directors were re-elected.- and the
stockholders voted to authorize an issue of $100,-
OOO.MO worth of stock, consisting of 1.0C0.G00 shares
at $100 par value each.
The additional stock Issue mentioned will be
1.000.000 shares of JIOO each, and may '■■■■ had by
the bondholders of the company in exchange *or
their beads at $130 a siiara.
.VEW-YOKK r>AiT.Y TRIBUNE, THURSDAY. APRIL 8. 1909.
RIVER SPAMED AGAIN
Last Floor Section of New Manhnt-
tan Bridge in Place.
The fourth steel over-the-water connection be
fmeen Manhattan and Brooklyn was completed yes
terday when the last link in the span of th« new
Manhattan Bridge was hoisted into place and two
hundred workmen who had accomplished the task
stopped work for the rest of the day. At noon the
last girder was lowered Into" place and the Boor
■was completed. Immediately there was a great
tooting of various craft in the river, from which
the operation was witnessed.
The last girder of the red span to complete the
connection was bravfly decorated with the national
colors, while in big black letters on a white ground
.spectators in the windows on both sides of the
river and on the Brooklyn Bridge could read the
legend. "Erected by Union Men." This, it was ex
plained by :he contractors. Terry & Tench, was put
there as a special tribute to the bridge builders,
who had completed the span in twenty days without
less of »if p -
It was not expected that the final girder would be
in place- until Friday or Saturday. That the work
was finished bo soon was due to the rxprditiousness
of the workmen. one hundred men on each Rid*
of the river have been racing for twenty days to
be first to arrive at the centre of the river. For
many days the Brooklyn workers seemed to be
ahead, but within the last few days the Manhat
tan band succeeded in catching up.
Four ■•' the sections were swung from each side
by big travelling cranes. The last one had been
lowered and made secure with bolts by 3 o'clock.
When the last •.-,-, cords '•fere almost In contact
"Joe'" Williams, ore of the steel workers, swung
out on the sjeel work from the Manhattan side
and ... his .-.. on the Brooklyn side.
Then W. Hadford Bascomi from th* Brooklyn sid*-.
and J. P. Genghnn. from the Manhattan s!>!«». en
gineers of the Bridge Department, balanced them
selves on the nan girder and shook hands. There
was "no official celebration of the event. Others in
the party who -.*••... the bolting of ti.e span
were Edward Terry, a representative of the rnn
tractors; Wad* «"ltne, superintendent of construc
tion; Alexander Johnson, consulting engineer of the
Bridge I>epartment, and Jam*» K. Hone, "- the
Watertowh Arsenal Test Laboratory.
The new bridge, it la said, will be open for
traffic in a year. The central span Is 1.470 feet
lone: th» cables are 3"A 4 ineh»s in diameter, able to
sustain right tons to each foot of length, a greater
capacity than tlmse of any other suspension bridge
in existence.
The resolution authorizing the construction of
the bridge was passed on by the Board of Alder
men on December -'■. >■« Most of the a.-tual work
has been done sin -c 1306 under Bridge Commissioner
Stevenson.
WOMEN'S CARS SUCCESS.
But McAdoo Says Longer Time Is
X ceded to Make Test Conclusive.
According to th» officers of the Hudson &■ Man
hattan Railroad Company, the experiment of de
voting the last car of each train to the exclusive
use of women during the ru«h hours lias been n
great success. At first the. women were a little
shy about using the special cars, but they have
now become accu?tom«rd to the privilege, and dur
ing the rush hours the cars are .-it all times more
than comfortably filled.
President McAdoo said yesterday: "The result of
our experience thus far with the women's cars Is
quite encouraging. A sufficient time has not
elapsed, however, to make the test conclusive. We
are going to continue it for nt least a month be
fore arriving at a final decision."
Daniel 1- Turner, general inspector of the Public
Service Commission, has submitted to the com
mission a favorable report covering the operation
of the women's cars In the McAdoo tunnel. The
report says that at th« peak of th« rush hours
the women's cars carried very nearly their proper
proportion of the trainloads, "thereby indicating
that their use does not interfere with the proper
distribution of the, passengers throughout the
trains."
At the offices of the Interborough Rapid Transit
Company it was said yesterday that the company
did not Intend to install separate cars for women
and children in the subway unless it was ordered
to do so by the Public Service Commission. The
company does not tbink the cars will be a success,
and wants the commission to take the blame in
case if accident or increased crowding and conges
tion.
"We have. not changed our attitude/ said an offi
cial of the company. "In our letter to the Public
Service Commission we said we would operate the.
women's cars if we were ordered. We have not
been ordered to date."
CIRCUS TIGER SCULPTOR'S MODEL.
Is Following Show to Catch Animal's Pose
Commission from Princeton Class.
Unwilling to employ any other than the most
perfect model obtainable In executing two iifesize
bronze tigers for the class of '79 of Princeton Uni
versity, Alexander Phimister Proctor, the sculptor,
made the first of an interesting series of modellings
yesterday in the menagerie of Kingling Brothers'
Circus, at Madison Square Garden. Up will follow
the circus from city to city for probably three
months to catch Jelly, a huge five-year-old Bengal
tiger, which has been with the circus for three,
years. In the, exact pose which be desires to repro
duce in bis finished design.
Mr. Proctor started on a search for a perfect
Bengal tiger as soon us he received the commis
sion from the Princeton class, but not until he
visited the circus the other day did he find a model
that pleased him. AS soon as he saw Jelly he said
he believed the animal to be the moat perfect
specimen to be found in the United States, and at
once got permission from the proprietors to use
him for a model. He wishes to make hi* design
that of a tiger stretched at full length, forepaws
extended and nose uptllted, sniffing the air, but
this is a pose which Jelly assumes, according to
his keeper, for not more than one minute a day.
Hence, the sculptor's pilgrimage with the circus.
The completed tigers will be nine feet long, and
will replace the two lions, much smaller than their
future successors, ' which now flank the steps of
Nassau Hall. t?.e oldest building on the Princeton
campus. The lions were a gift from the same class
In its younger cays.
MANY PASTORS CHANGE.
New York East Conference Cornea
to an End with New Appointments.
Stamford. Conn., April 7 (Special). Th* New York.
East Conference closed Its sessl >r of a week late
h.st night. I'mii"! A. Goodsell, Resident^ Bishop of
New York City, presided •'■ r I I the special
request of the conference, so thai he might i
the semi-centennial of his ministry.
Th<- next sessioi
n- Middletown, Conn., in April, 19 :
W. Hamilton, of Boston, presiding. The conference
was brought tq s close wit! incement of
the appointments. Among the changes arc the fol
io v.
BROOKLYN. NORTH DISTRICT.
Knickerbocker avenue, ii. E. Lul
I. Thorpe; Williams Avenue, F.
. Trinity. J J. Foiißt; Italian
Mission. A M D Rigglo; i rustave LAaes;
■ , Van Aisled Avenue, A. B B
\ ie, C. S. Gr
mack nrcult, H C Burrows; Coram and Middle
E j Weise; ' ■ ■ •■• ' I- H
Hempntead, W H Burgwin; Kings I'a-k. S. E
Uwscm Mattitti k «nd Jamejipori J 11. Klnney;
„ .■• i \\ Easiest on: Oyntei Bay. •' X "
I \ •..•:-. md; Rlverhead.
. and Bearlngtton, \V. 8. '■'

BROOKLYN, BOUTH DISTRICT.
B i K. rive, w. n
Isell, W A
rles Ci'man; Rid

i.< >NO ISI.AN ; - >■.■: BEN 3
i . !■ ' ■

JiaT.i • ■ ■ rt Wuog .-. 'I B Mil
White
1 3 ■ R. W.
X H.
8 E. Ta ft.
NEW YORK PIPTRICT
j- ■ ' nport,
|
\ Wood.
REJECT I. V. /." POLICIES.
Uoyds, London. If Is Said. Arc Re
pudiating Them as Illegal.
> ■ - .
- i "p. p. i."
■■] in a
■ •
welcht these
These "P V I" policies, as they »r« «-al!»d.
meanti . • i f of interest . always
• •
atlng them on the p'*«.
• • . • : . I of The
nation of their g I m that
■ ■ . fcers could advance waa tha
,1 |nsse« the underwriters at Lloyds ars
experlen< ng this rear.
luthoritj for the • •■
rejected "P P I " policies waa Oeorge H Stetson,
1 ■■;<] of Btel ■• brokers, of No.
H Bro !•! street. Mr Bti • I one or more
«t this clas • ■ ■ 1
■ • ■• lout i f vessels In w I Insured
had no Interest, n- were purely speculative,
had been repudiated, and that several other policies
In which there was actual Insurable Interest, which
he waa able to prove, had been compromised. Mr.
?tets,.n added t ; it In n i sperience of ■'■ rt
he had never before known Lloyds to "welch" on
pucii policies, nr.d that lie could not account for
thetr ; '^s»*nt attitude.
AH that n broker has had to do in the past to
colled the face value of "P. V I " policy, In the
event of the losi of the Insured property, haa been
to present it for payment. It has not been ne.-es
sary to furnish pr I f the although, under
the terms of the policy, that may be den
The clause to that effect, however, has always
hitherto l.een regarded as purely formal.
ICEMEN AUK LYING LOW.
One Exception- Harvest Predicted
for Artificial Producers,
Independent Ice producers, with one known ex
ceptlon, still await the action of the American Ice
Company before advancing prices. Th» exception
is an East Side producer who has raised the price;
to families from 3" to i" • • nta a hundred. Bat he
haa assurM his largest customers that the price
will not go above M cents.
A peculiar phanc of the situation la the fa^-t that
tl ere are enough ice machines in this city to more
than' provide for the Famine which Is bound to
come iri the late summer. Yet the vtorage facilities
are Inadequate to provide for the four thousand to
five thousand tons <pf manufactured tee which the
companies could produce every day. And the ice,
even if it could !■<• stored ai the present time, would
not be (it to use in midsummer, because it be
comes f"ui after a few weeks' storage.
There are twenty-five Ice manufacturing concerns
In this city, whl< h can produce from forty to ei^ht
hundred tuns a day apiece. They will reap ;i har
vest before tha season ends. They can manufacture
Ice f<T from Ji 26 to S3 a ton. If they worked then
plants every day in the year they could make it
for Ji a ton. The present price •>( Ice is $.1 "on the
bridge," and It win boob be $.'). according to the
producers, of natural lie. This will be the greatest
year the arti(l<ial ire makers have ever known, it
Is predicted.
The naturni producers seen yesterday record the
purchase of i p c machlnos as an ominous departure.
It eostfl Jl.fWO a ton capacity to set them up, to s.iy
nothing of the coat of bulMtagi and other equip
ment. A plant capable of producing Brt) tons a day
costs ahorit $,VO,(tto. The Investment of large capi
tal in theje plants means the partial discontinuance
of natural ice plants. Ro far this year six now
icetniklng plants, or extensions of old ones, have
l.»en set up In this city, outside of the numerous
plants for private production. They have a ca
pacity of nearly a thousand tons daily.
"Van Asten's Visitor," by Allan Braghampton,
a story of m "doctored" wiii, in next Sunday's
Tribune.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
SUNDAY SALOON AND COMMANDMENTS
Attempt to Invoke Religious Doctrines to
Influence Legislation.
To the Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: May I reply through your columns to a
letter of criticism, directed against me by "M. S.
T.." which appeared, I suppose, on April 1. but
which I have Just Seen? I am not answering to
make a public matter of a private criticism. Let
me say, however, that I remember very well the
Ten Commandments on the blue background which
I used to see as a boy In Dr. Howard Crosby's old
church. I also remember that Dr. Crosby was
strongly in favor of Sunday opening of saloons
during certain hours and was vigorously denounced
for his position. This, however, is personal and
historical. The reason I am writing is on account
of the assumption which is contained in the letter
and which Is common to most of the arguments
directed against the Sunday opening clauses of the
proposed amendments to the Raines law.
This is the assumption: It Is the duty of the
state to carry out by force of law that which the
Church teaches to be the law of God. In this par
ticular case, the Fourth Commandment Is the law
of God, therefore the state must enforce It. Of
course, if everybody .were in agreement as to the
law of God it might be a simple enough proposi
tion, but my Jewish friend would say to "M. S.
T.": "The Fourth Commandment says to keep the
seventh day holy. WHart Is your authority for
keeping the first day of the week?" And "M S.
T." would find it hard to answer him. Or I might
say, as [ do, thai St. Paul teaches that every day
ls sacred, but that ns far as possible, we must re
spect one another's feelings In this matter of
sacred days. (Romans xiv, 6-8.) Now. here are
three separate opinions which each person folds
red. Which of us is going to summon the state
to enforce our view?
Everybody knows that in this country, warned by
the persecutions of the Middle Ages, in which the
church used th* State as the sword to force it*
understanding of God's law upon all heretics and
unbelievers, we are absolutely pledged to separa
tion of Church and State. The Invoking by any one
of religious doctrines to Influence legislation Is an
attempt to reunite these two. The only ground for
wise, legislation is a lofty moral expediency which
shall seek to promote Justice for all and to min
imize evils. These are the grounds on which I
again urge tho support of the Brough bill.
In two words this Is the Issue: Which Is better,
to legalize the sal« of liquor on Sunday provided it
is connected with a "fake" hotel, which can easily
l.» perverted to immoral purpose* (Raines law), of
to legalize it on Sunday only in bona fide hotels
and clubs and in saloons which have absolutely no
connection with back rooms or upstairs apartments
(Brough bill)? Which is the better proposition?
New York, April 5, 1909. JAMES M. FARR.
. s ,
SCREENS FOR INSECT PESTS.
To the Editor of Th» Tribune.
Sir: I have noticed the article in your f ssos of the
Ist ult. regarding the subject of abolishing th«
housefly. Several articles have b**»n published re
cently regarding the war on the housefly. Florida,
Georgia and Louisiana ar« engaged In an anti-fly
campaign, and the boards of health of several other
states ara row issuing bulletins concerning th»
pestiferous fly." Much can be done to remedy the
evil caused by the housefly and mosquito. These
lnsjcts breed In filth- and dirt, and if each house
holder would see that his own premises are kept
clean and free from refuse of all kinds these in
sects would not find a place for breeding. While It
may be impossible to exterminate the fli'i and
mosqultoep, yet this danger and trouble may be
greatly lessened by the pro) i'M of screen doors
and window screen*. In this day of inexpensive
F ... „-.n n and wire cloth there la no eacose for any
householder of even moderate means b*ing with
out screens, which add so much to the comfort,
health and security of the home. If we will get ri'l
of th» I reeding places of files we wilj soon get rl i
of the flies, and in th" m->en time, for th> sak" cf
health, comfort and cleanliness, we shouM keep
tr .f-p insects out of our homes by proper screening.
Detroit, April 1. IMB. W. D. BIGGERS.
TWO KINDS OF WORK FOR WOMEN.
' The Tribune.
S.r. In Bi [ - m* of Dr. fi
Uons to women ■• g 1 present writer si ited in
ently that There were flftei ' ■
lon woi ;t "'! s: " million In I •
In this country al tha present time
take 1 t tbe number of women of
...;•• • .-- ertala r more f
•romei wl are i I ~:
living outside the home and I
...•■■ : " '
• " "c ac- is over twenty-one millions, I
■ v • st rial i
For Easter Svir\day
A BEAUTIFUL PHOTOGRAVURE
IN SOFT BROWN TINTS OF
LACH7WMAE "By Leighton
«•*" FREE ■*&&
"With JVejct Sunday* Tribune
The picture Is twice the size of this illustration
ORDER yOWR CO?y WELL If* ADVANCE
of age. Dr. Schlapp has pointed «it that "the
birth rate dropped suddenly about the time the in
dustrial movement began"— that Is to say. about
sixty years ago— and it la surprising that in view
of the fact thai 85 many of the tn<*.b!»trlal women
are under axe that Dr. Srhlapp should object f>
women voting when you consider that the suf
frage states have anticipated most of the states In
enacting laws against child labor, to say nothing
of many other measures wr.lch place health befor*
wealth.
Let me recall th* suggestion made In your col
umns of February 24 th.it "If woman suffrage Is to
amount to as much as man suffrage. th»r« should
bo held before women the goal of a hw:se of
women representatives, to take the place of th»
B«natn." Under such a form of government Dr.
Schlapp's objection would be less plausible than
now. for the reason that the- averag> at* for
women representatives would very probably b*
forty years and more, so that most of the actual
governmental work that wnukl fall to women's
share would be done by those whose responsibilities
in the rearing of families were finished, and -sr^o
in consequence would be »M» li give to the f*lt»
the benefit of their invaluable wisdom and experi
ence. HAROLD 3. HOWARO.
Xewburgr. N. V.. April 2. 19».
THAT INSPECTION AT YOKOHAMA.
Japanese Consul General Gives Figures Refut
ing Charges of Discrimination.
To th» Editor of The Tribune.
Sir: Referring to my letter of April 3 concern*
ing the Inspection of canned gr>ods recently mads
in Yokohama and the alleged •'discrimination agilnst
California goods," I am now in possession of t?i»
further details. While the matter was in itself
a very trifling on*, in view of the rather conspic
uous position given by some American paper* to
this matter. I hope you will do me a great favor
by giving this letter some space in your valuabls
columns.
The inspection was made by the authorities of
the Kana-gawa. Prefecture at Yokohama, and it cov
ered the food imports from all foreign countries.
The following list speaks for itself:
Num!>«r of
Number ef bi ttlaa
varieties f<->un<J
Country of production. inspected unquai:fl«d.
Vnlt#d States of America.. 31 12
Germany * *
France 6 *
Gr»at Britain . 5 •„'.
i The greater part or those t-nporta which failed
were canned goodi.)
The commercial agent of the British Embassy
and the members of the California Canned Fruit
Association made inquiries of th» authorities about
these inspections and expressed themselves as en
tirely satisfied wit* the »-«■•:.< they recetved-
Furthermore, I am informed that the examina
tion of all the labels now h»\i by the Japanese au
thorities failed to de'ec any official sea that might
be recognized as that of the American authorities.
I believe that these facts leave no ground for
suspicion of discrimination by the JapaaßHM author
ities against California products, especially sine*
the American goods fa!!e<l In a smaller proportion
than those of any other nation.
K. MIDZCNO.
Consul Genera! of Japan.
New York. April ', "**'
SOUTHERN EDUCATION.
Three-Day Conference to Open in
Atlanta Next Week.
Atlanta. April "-The twelfth '■'"" "' for
Education in the South will open in Atlar.ta on
April 14. to continue three days. Th« conference.
while discussing general edurat'onai subjects. wT.I
be devote! especially to the improvement or condi
tion* in the open country.
The formal opening will tak- place on Wednes
day evening In the new Auditorium building. th«
President. Robert C. Olden, of Sew York, pmtttt*
Governor Smith of Georgia will deliver the ai
dress of welcome. Mr. Or3»n will deliver th*
president's annual address. Th*n wffl fbOow art
address on -Th» American Spirit in Education." by
Pr. 5. C. Mitchell. th» n«»wly elected president cf
the University of 9"uth Carolina.
Arr.org the speakers on Thursday wiH be r>r.
Klm-r Ei:=worth Brown, T'nite.l States Commis
sioner of Education. Washington, who will deliver
an address oak "The National Programme in Edu«
cation."
Th>» closing address will b* by Gifford Pin r ho?. ef
the Forest Service, Washington, on "How jQm Na
tl-m*; Government M«j Co-operate with the State*
in Fettering Conditions in the Open Country.*"
Aro you a pessimist? read "The Market
Value of Optimism," by Herbert Kaufman, and
you will become an optimist. See the Sunday
Maaazine of next Sunday* Tribano.

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