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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 18, 1909, Image 6

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Amusements.
ACAJ3EMT OF MT'SIC— ii — The Marble Heart.
AI-HAMBP.A--2— *•- Vaudeville
APTOR — *>:!»— Th* Man from Horn*.
BEI.JIPCO — «:3« — <»olr.|r Soire.
23UOt" — •» — a O«-ntlf-mHn from Mls«i*«lppl.
KLAVKV R 2:18- -» Follifs of the Day.
«:AFIN< i — R:lS — Havana.
COLONIAL — 2—2 — - — Vaudeville.
CONEY !SI.ANt> — l>re«ml*nr; and I.una Park.
CRITERION — «:SO — Th* Fair Co- Ed.
r»Al.yS— K:ir»— Th« Climax.
EDEV MUPEE— The World in Wax.
EMPIRE — B:1S — What Ev«ry Woman Knn«l.
GAIETT — «>:::0 — Th» Houce Next Dear.
«ARKICK — *:3O — Thf Man from Mexico.
HACKETT — «:2O — A man-« Way.
HASrMEKSTEIN - . c — 2:ir— «:15— Vaudeville
HERALD SQUARE- K. l7—- The Beauty Spo*-
HlPPODßOME— 2— S— Spor:irfi- Daye — Battle In th»
Pki<» — Bird Ballot— Cirrus.
m:DM3X — R:lß— Th« Third I>eeree.
kM'-kerU' «-kv K;ls— Th« Candy Shop.
LIBERTY ' A F«ol There Wrs.
3,T<'l- — «:20 — The Daiin of a To-morrow.
I TR2 8:15 — The Oreat Johr. <?anton.
MAJESTIC — »:15 — The Isert >loo n .
MAXIKE ELIJOTT-F— «:15 — The Blue Mouse.
PLAZA — 2— S— Vaudeville.
SAVOY — *:3« — The Writing- i>n the Wall.
BTTTVBBAJCT- 10 F»fi»v Way.
WAM-ACK'S — 8:25— Sham
"WEBER"? — «:2*> — The Girl from Rector's.
■WEFT END — — Mile Miwhirf.
Index 1o Advertisements.
Pate. CM. ' Pago. Col.
■AnnjSMBMiU 12 *4 Marriac^ * TVaths.. 7 6-$
Automobile* 6 1! MIM-ellaneorw » >
Earfcem & Broker*.. 3o llcw-ean Steamer* jj *
Board * Room* » 5; Pnrtitinn Pale » ••
Hun'naeti CMaW.... 9 7;rmt>n»aU' » *-*
Carrot Cleaning .. . 9 TlPuMic Notices . . 9 J
l>»k« » Offlc* F^r- i Purchase * Exchange » «
nlture 9 frtatlroads * •
DividenS Notice ...*» 1 Km] Estate ..... 5 «-*
r>wn P'-t*. Wasted.. 9 2-»:«r!tonl AR?nr!es 9 2
Eiriirjiinni » 2; Peels * Plant* 9 5
Financial 30 « Special Notices < «
rinasria.: Me«inir#..3o 1 ' Rprtac RA»->rtii ... .P 1
Toroclornre Sal«>» .9 R' Steamboats • , « '
FTimi*h*d Room* to I - — -n—r Rwrt* * "-«
I^t 9 P'Th« ->■'' 12 «
JT.J-F ft B-*lTrlb«n» Sab'n Hales T «
B»lr TTantefl » 1 ; Trp»i<-rlt««r«<. *tr 9 6
lTJrtructl?»n 8 2|rnfum!»Tiea Apartw'ts
X*tt Bankbooks 9 7 to Let | R
l,ort 9 SlTCork TTunteii <» 1
i&tt^btkZh&b? £nbmt£
TUESDAY. MAT IK. 1909
This newspaper is owned and published 10
The Tribune Association, a New York corpora
tion; oSlce and principal place of businet*.
Tribune BuiMinp. W. 15^ Xateau street. New
Tori: Ogden Mill*, president; Henry TT.
Beckett, secretary; James M. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers is the office of this
newspaper.
THE XEWS THIS AfOJ?.Y/.V(7.
CONGRESS. — Senate: Mr Dcpew and Mr.
Sutherland spoke on the tariff bill; no progress
\rss made on the schedules. ===== House: A
resolution asking the Attorney General for In
formation as to the absorption of the Tennessee
Coal and Iron Company by the United States
Steel Corporation was adopted.
FOREIGN. — The French Chamber Of Deputies,
by a vote of 379 to S3. voted to uphold the policy
of M. Clemeneeau, and defeated a resolution to
ask the President to prorogue parliament; th»
strike has practically collapsed. == The
Cuban budget will reach $29,000,000. leaving a
deficit of 52,000,000. which It is expected to
cover by the profits from the national lottery
bill passed by Congress. ===== The condition
of George Meredith, th« novelist. Is worse, and
his physician remained with him througrh the
Slight. * zi~~— Five more men were hanged in
Constantinople for complicity in th« recent re
bellion; parliament will be asked to vote H5,
000,000 to reorganize the Turkish army.
DOMESTIC — President Taft received Pedro
Gonsales. Nicaragua? special envoy to settle
the Emery claim. • ■ ■ ' ■ James T. Williams, jr..
resigned as a member of the National Civil
Service Commission. ■ Assistant Secretary
Beekrnan Winthrop of the Navy Department in
vestigated the workings of the so-called "Xew
berrv system" at the Philadelphia Navy Yard.
■ ■ An advance of 10 per cent in wages cut
this amount on April J. was announced by the
leading independent steel manufacturers, to
take effect June L - ■ A case to test the
rulings of the Insurance Department as to the
amount of money a company may spend to get
new business was argued before the Appellate
Division. Third Department, in Albany. . ■- —
Oovernor Hughes signed the bill legislating the
Board of Quarantine Commissioners out of
cSk-e and transferring their duties to the Health
Officer of the Port. ===== A warrant charging
the larceny of $2,000 by Charles L. Foxwell was
Issued in Boston, and a police Inspector from
that city started for "Washington, where the
man is now held as a fugitive from justice.
— Storks were heavy. ' , ■--■ Tracy &
Co., stock brokers, failed, with liabilities of
$1,000,000. == Captain Peter C Mains, jr..
was sentenced to Sing Sing Prison for not less
than tight years or not more than sixteen years.
: ■ It was announced that the Mayor would
test the decision of the court under which per
formances have been given at Coney Island on
Sunday. - United States regulars, camped
on Plum Island, found the squatters ready to
depart peaceably when ordered by the govern
merit. . ■ ■ .. . At the opening of the Metropolitan
Hospital Training School for Nurses at Black
wells Island. Dr. St. Clair McKehvay proposed
Robert \v Hubberd, Commissioner of Public
Charities, for Mayor. - - An infant and a girl
•were aerlaaßtrjr hurt when five persons were
pinned beneath an overturned automobile in
Jericho Turnpike. . The United Circuit
Court of Appeals set Jane 14 to hear the appeal
Of Charles W. Morse. - . '. . Chairman William
H. "vVlilcox said the Corporation Counsel, and
not the Public Service Commission, was respon
sible for the non-removal of the Eleventh ave
nue track — = The will of Mrs. Anson G.
Phelps, jr.. bequeathed $40,000 to charity. .
> clerk *-as crushed to death In attempting to
ajet off *n elevator at N<-. S3 East 55th street.
i No will having been found in his papers.
It was decided to apply. In behalf of the widow,
for letters of administration for Heinrich Con
rled's estßte.
THE WEATHER— lndications for to-day:
FUr. The temperature yesterday: Highest, 64
degrees; lowest. "4.
more "HOSFfT graft:-
The minority report of the Buildings Commis
sion contains a severe arraignment of the meth
ods and purposes of the majority. Sections of
the new buildings code are said to abound i:i
••jokers** designed to create monopolies for one
corporation or another in which the leaders of
Tammany Hall are interested. The change in
the boss-ship of Tammany has resulted, after
various delays. In a change in the code >? which
toe fireprooflng material in which the family of
the old boss is interested is practically to be
barred out of SCe* York and a monopoly is to be
created for the fireprooflng material of a com
pany connect«»d with the present regime. Though
the minority which brings in these criticisms is
Ijrobably made up. at least in part, of men who
favor other special interests, their criticisms re
garding the politics played by the commission
seem to be well borne out. The provision re
garding fireproof material appears to have been
drawT: to exclude from the market the kind of
material now most used and to create a market
for another variety. TLe imlitical connections
of the two companies making these two kinds- of
material are well known. The section regard-
Ing fireproof paints, to which attention i> di
rected by the minority, bears on its face the
evidence lit creating a monopoly for a certain
kind of paint, and that regarding standpipes in
dicates a similar purpose. The political reasons
for these two monopolies are not so obvious as
they are In the case of fireproof material.
Thus we have m the work of the Buildings.
Commission a new Illustration of the direction
In which the political ring seeks its profits to
day. "Honest craft has a thousand form*. A
political firm has a mono]»oly of all the great
contracts in the Hty. A monopoly of iireproof-
Jng materials is to be granted to a concern in
which the Wggcr politicians of the city are in
t*T*ssled> When Tammany Hall changes its boss
tie city must change its flreprooilug methods.
Ixsser monopolies are created for the benefit of
Interests -with which lesser bosses are connected.
One boss is interest ed in a <vrtaln kind of pavjng
material, and city contracts are po drawn as to
give bis company a monopoly. Another makes
paint; bis Is the only kind .of paint that can be
used. Author macufactnrwe plnmbinr s=npp!ir? ■
Ills ere the only plumb supplies for New
York. Thus it goes. With the control over ,
buildings codes, contracts and various other
things, the bosses are able to parcel out the city
i, among them for business exploitation.
j The buildings code is the biggest opportunity
j for Tammany. The monoj>olies which tin be ere-
I ated under it are of immense value, and the
i misuse of that opportunity may be much more
j injurious to the city than the old-fashioned di
rect stealing of Tweed's time. We have no
! means of knowing whether or not these artifi
j cial monopolies created by the new buildings
! code are bestowed upon Inferior products. Pron
! ably some of them are. for that is the way of
i Tammany. But if they are not they are still
harmful to the city. They prevent competition
and give to the monopolists a license to charge
their own prices. The high prices which they
<au charge will be a tax upon New York just as
much as are political waste extravagance and
graft in the municipal government. And. more
over, monopolies such as the new buildings code
j creates keep the city from enjoying the advan
tages of improvements and new inventions with
in the sphere where monopoly exists. When a
code describes fireproof material so explicitly
that only one kind can possibly conform to its
terms, a new and superior kind of material, if
discovered or devised, is barred out of the city.
Such a code ought to he general in its term*.
It ought only to provide a standard to which
any article proposed for use In building In this
city could be required to conform. If there
were several articles of requisite merit the city
i would obtain the advantages of competition, and
! the way would always be open for improvement,
! and invention. The creation of such monopolies
for the bpnefit of Tammany as the new build
ings code appears to hnve created is a grave
betrayal of the public interest.
me. DBFEWS SPEECH.
Probably the least convincing passage In Sen
ator Depew's speech yesterday was that in
which he expressed his opposition to the crea
tion of a permanent tariff commission. He
said, among other things:
It i? the nature --of a commission to seek to
enlarge its powers and to exploit its beneficence.
A permanent tariff commission, with a perma
nent lobby representing the two thousand items
in the tariff bill and backed by the influence or
the Senators and members from the states
where these particular industries are located,
would ke«>i> alive what the country most dep
recates and most fears — a perpetual tariff dis
turbance. Pass some law quickly and adjourn
Ik what th*» country wants. I believe in th
scheme outlined by our Committee on Finance
of creating from the experts Of the government
who are familiar with every phase of this ques
tion and in constant touch with its administra
tion a body within the existing departments
which can inform the President. Congress an.',
the Secretary of the Treasury of the inequali
ties as they arise in the practical application of
tariff duties, so that without agitation, without
an eternal tariff war and a perpetual tariff
lobby, with all that means in the disturbance of
business, an effective and noiseless machinery
would be automatically solving problems as they
arise. Such a commission would meet the criti
cisms upon the ambiguity of the law and th.»
mistakes in its administration which were so
ably presented in the speech of the senior Sen
ator from lowa.
Here is a curious mixture of ideas. The
senior Senator from New York does not want.
apparently, to establish a permanent commis
sion. --exploiting its own beneficence." Yet he
g.»es f.-nr enough i<> approve Of tho creation Of
■ subordinate tariff board. A real commission,
he thinks, would simply find Itself wrestling
with the mystitioTs of the lobby, as Congress
does. The minor board would prove a piece of
"noiseless machinery, nutomatically solving"'
tariff problems. The minor board exist* in
effect to-day, yet it has not helped Congress to
supersede present Inept methods of tariff legis
lation with methods which would snow exactly
on what differential In cost of production here
and abroad each protective duty Is based. It
has not done so because it lias bad no inde
pendence and authority.
Mr. Depew thinks that the evils of the pres
ent system of legislating wil-1 continue in an
exaggerated form if a real tariff commission is
created. The advocates of the establishment of
a permanent commission, with adequate pow
ers, maintain, on the contrary, that those evils
ran be cured by providing a body which will
furnish the data, now lacking, to Illustrate the
effect of any given duty an-1 thus guide legis
- in applying a given tariff potter.
l.i*"- under the existing system labor to confuse
the judgment of Congressmen and to persuade
them into allowing protection on a false basis.
In the present discussion in the Senate tli"
essential facts have not been produced, and
tw.. sets of Republicans are trying to execute
the mandate of the Republican national plat
form of IMS, each depending on its own in-
Becnre calculations. An able and public spirited
commission would not be long troubled by lob
byists, it would find out for itself what was
the real different ial of cost of production, and
with that differential established the work of
Congress In laying duties according to a given
theory would become easy.
Mr. Depew has not kept pace with the Senate
Finance Committee, for that body gave op
some time ago the idea of creating a minor
Tariff l>oard. and in its substitute for the maxi
mum-minimum section of the Payne tariff bill
authorized the President to appoint a compe
tent commission, with ample authority, In no
way restricting his choice to the beads of gov
ernment bureaus. In dropping the sort of hos
tility to the tariff •commission plan expressed
in Mr. Depew's speech the Finance Committee
showed its onen-mlndedness and disposition to
yield to a widespread and well founded public
demand. As our Washington dispatches of yes
terday Indicated, the tariff commission feature
of the Aldrieh bill is now recognized is Its moat
significant contribution to progressive tariff
legislation. Mr. Aldrich's leadership in the Sen
ate has always }»een distinguished by ability
to see when a .concession should be made, and
we do not doubt thai in many other particulars
he will seek to meet the criticism aimed nt the
increases in duties made on articles which the
House of Representatives held could be nd
mitted at lower rates without prejudice to
American Industry.
With conditions as they are. and tfte old par
tisan alignments on the tariff issue gone, it
must be remembered that the question at issue
in the Senate is not one between protectionists
and anti-protectionists, but one between two
sets of protectionists differing as to the (acts
which govern In applying a definite protective
rule. Mr. Depew was laying ghosts to some
extent when be argued yesterday In favor of
protection as such. His speech as a whole was
interesting, and with its frank assertion of the
soundness of the protective principle we
heartily sympathize, but it dealt only inci
dentally with the real problem before the
Senate.
THE PERIL IX PERSIA.
The Shah's vacillation and delay are bearing i
their accustomed if not inevitable fruits. ]]••
lias, we are told, at last restored the constitu- '
tion and ordered the reassembling if parliament,
if since the making of that announcement he |
has not again reversed himself, as he is capable |
of doing overnight. Bat the deed was delayed j
too long. It now commands no gratitude nor
confidence. It doe? not halt the progress of re
bellion. lii ail parts of the empire the National- !
Ist movement continues and Increases, if at one !
point it is suppressed or checked by the imperial
arms. It breaks out elsewhere with added vio
leswe. ai the present time there is not ■ prov
ince and scarcer/ a district from the Caspian to !
the Gulf arnica is not more or less disturbed by i
Civil war. :
Of course, soco •■) sum*, of affairs cannot con
ttatM indefinite!.!. or cannot be permitted to do
ao. If the Persian government is net «b!e to
suppress Imamrrectioa and re-establish order, and
if the revolutionists are not able to overthrow
the old government and establish a new ore in
i
XEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE. TUESDAY, MAY 18. 1909.
Its place, then a condition will be presented in
which other powers will have a risrht and, in
deed, a duty to intervene. As was truly said a
dozen years ago in the case of Cuba, regard fur
the sovereignty of Persia will be surpassed by
the obligation« of humanity. Already, with the
cordial approval of the world, Russia has sent
troops across Hie border for the relief of Tabriz,
and is now reported to he sending more for the
protection of I"runiin!i a city which, as the re
puted birthplace of Zoroaster, should be es
teemed tli.' most sacred «p<>! In all Persia.
Now, the original Intent of this intervention
and of (=.:• h others as may be made is not per
manent- conquest or occupation, but merely tem
porary relief and aid In the restoration of order
and efficient government. But the great peril
which threatens the remnant of the ancient em
pire is that its internal affairs will become too
chaotic for rehabilitation, and that thus a more
or less general and permanent foreign occupa
tion will be necessary. There comes a time when
no force of horses and men can replace Humpty
iMimpty upon the wall. If Russia and Great
Britain, intervening for the sake of humanity,
find no government left which is worthy of
being confirmed in its place, there will be noth
ing to do but to create a new government, and
that would be their own.
It was on the pretext that such domestic de
moralization existed that Poland was parti
tioned. It was because such demoralization
actually existed that Great Britain occupied
Egypt- There is reason to fear that Persia is
steadily and rapidly drifting toward a more
necessitous and a more hopeless condition than
either of those lands ever suffered. Without
imputing to either of the Interested powers any
sinister or aggressive designs, or any sentiment
other than a reluctant compliance with inevita
ble duty, it Is obvious that Azerbaijan, Mnzinde
ran and the other rich northern provinces would
be a valuable addition to Russia* Asian empire,
while possession of the littoral from Belooehis
tan to the Strait, .if Ormuz. if not to the mouth
of the Euphrates, would be of enormous advan
tage to the British Empire. It Is to be hoped
for "many reasons that such or any partitioning
will not occur. Rut if It is not to occur, It ur
gently behooves the Persians themselves to set
their house in order.
AX HEROIC (IRE.
The dispirlipd Washington correspondent of
'•The Columbia (S. O.) State" writes to his
newspaper that the. only way **to cure the sad
condition of affairs" brought about by the split
in the Southern Democracy over the iron ore
and lumber duties is "to have a Republican
"party in the Sooth, or nt least some other
"party where the protectionists can go."
But from a partisan point of view wouldn't
the cure be more disastrous than the disease?
How many anti-protectionists -would be left in
the South after the new protection party pot
fairly started? Colonel Wattersoii is about the
only old-fashioned Democratic antl-protectlonist
left, and lie is too busy fighting prohibition -
another popular Southern idea -to give any
time to a fresh crusade against the custom
houses. The new party would have a practical
walkover south of the Potomac.
DATIB AND THE MISSISSIPPI.
The controversy which has arisen over the
engraving of the portrait of Jefferson I 'avis on
the silver tableware of the battleship Missis
sippi win probably in the end be regarded as
"much ado about nothing.* 1 or. at most, about a
very little, matter. [f is easy to understand
why many persons In Mississippi desire that
such us.- shall be made of the portrait, and also
why many others elsewhere think that It should
not be done; but we cannot «cc why anybody
should get excited on either side.
It ruighi. from some points of view, be better
ta-^te for Slississlppians to select some other
eminent son of their st.-ne for this distinction,
especially afaice Mr. Davis was never Governor
of Missjs-ippl nor in any very direct way asso
ciated with the navy, still, if they cannot find
In the history of their state any other figure
whom they deem more worthy than he. thut is
their affair. At any rate, Mr. Davis was for
four years Secretary of War In v United States
Cabinet. As for th"se who think that because
of his leadership In the Confederate secession
lie should not be thus honored or commem
orated, they may perhaps profitably consider
whether it is not really »"<i chiefly ■ triumph
of union over secession sentiment for a me
morial of the arch secessionist thus to be
brought beneath the tla^ acminst which be
fought and Into the service of the nation which
be tried to destroy.
If Mississippi is ihus ready and eager to In
dicate Jefferson Davis's posthumous acqui
escence in the triumph of tbe Union, the l T nion
can probably afford to let her do <o. There will
be do f<-ar that the officers of the Mississippi
will be inspired with Recessionisi or disloyal
sentiments through occasionally seeing tbe
lineaments of Jefferson Davis engraved on their
plate. Indeed, «<■ m-e not sure thai there could
be a much better object lesson in loyalty, or. at
any rate. ;i stronger reminder of the complete
ness of the victory of the Tnioti than the dis
play ti2 of the portrait of th* 4 President of the
abort-lived Confederate States upon the fur
nishings of a United states warship.
THE VANISHING BOOTJACK
From Cleveland, which is In Ohio, comes tho
wail of mi niii Fashioned man who loii^s for
the things that were. P&drtng to secure a
bootjack, he visited six stores In his search,
but at. mine of them was the article kept In
Stock. In half the places the spruce young
clerics had never heard Of such a thine, and
one bright youth of a later generation brought
OUi a shoe horn in the confident belief that that
was the thing desired. Not even in the souvenir
shops could the object of seai-ci, he discovered.
.lu«t what the effect upon the world will be
must remain undetermined until several gen
erations have grown up without the bootjack.
for it had uses other than those for which the
Cleveland man intended the article which he
sought. However essential it may have been
for the purpose for which it was designed — tiie
removal of recalcitrant footgear— it did valiant
service in a cause which may not be entirely
appreciated in these days of moral suasion.
Many a successful man of the old school will
tenderly recall the lessons in virlue which were
transmitted to him through the medium of thU
ome well known household necessity. Such
lessons, property enforced, are Ineradicable.
The bootjack is missed, therefore, not only
because it is absent from the nail on which il
once hung, but because it has gone from the
family councils, where its Influence COUtd al
ways be found on the side of discipline. It has
been tbe means of deciding many an important
contest between parent and child, and with its
appearance on the scene the belligerent son
knew Instinctively that his cause \ Vas i,, s t.
Sartorial progress, as well as disciplinary ad
vancement, lias condemned it to disuse, but it
has left Its imprint, both physically and other
wise, on the human race.
There la doubtless need of protection of the
food fisheries In the border waters between Can
ada and the United States, and the commission
on that subject which is to meet at Washington
next week will probably produce some beneficent
results. There is also urgent need of protec
tion for our own coast fisheries* especially along
the shores of Long Island and New Jersey. The
stretching of vast seines and pound nets across
inlets to bays and mouths of rivers, and the
gathering in for fish oil and fertilizer factories
of food fishes, as well as other kinds, have al
mopt ruined the legitimate fisheries of those re
gions, and have made what should be one of the
cheapest of foods a luxury at prfcea which are
wollnish prohibiti\-«. Ther« oupht to b« some
airansement between federal and state authori
ties which would make such abuses in coast
wfitpra impossible and would secure to the peo
ple the gTeat harvest of the Bea at prices within
the f-asy reach of all.
If General Wlnfield Scott Hancock were alive,
to-day he would be the Democratic party's only
logical oandldate for the Presidency.
Those frosts in Delaware which killed the
peach crop this year seem to have spared an
exceptionally larse and fine lot of strawberries
Can tt be that the diversity of effect is due to
the va^t ext«nt of tha state, which permits wide
differences in climatic conditions:?
Ki?:ht years, the minimum sentence for Hams.
would bo a mild punishment for such a brutal
crime as the killing of Annls.
It is a hiphlv commendable practice for mag
istrates to refuse to let lpw-breaking automo
bilists off instantly with a fine and to insist
upon holding them for trial The average crazy
or criminal scorcher does not greatly mind a
few minutes 1 delay and the payment of a fevv
dollarp. after which he can go his way to hreak
tha law again. Such a<n experience is little
more than the paying of tolla at a toll gate or
on a ferry. But to be compelled to give bail
for appearance in court Is a very different mat
ter, calculated to discourage his scorching zeal.
That unconventlonallty in attire which Bayou
Para offers to permit while receiving the officers
of the Mississippi to-day might at this time of
year conduce to comfort in that latitude, what
ever it might sacrifice in decorum.
Senator Bailey says that he and his brother
Democrats in the Senate are not concerned
about schedules, but are fighting for a principle.
To an outsider it looks as if they were fighting
for what they could get in the schedules and
didn't care if -they never came within hailing
distance of a principle.
Even the most extreme opponents of •■mili
tarism" will scarcely condemn the dm which
Is just non beta* made -f our navy In the east
ern Mediterranean.
THE TALK OF THF PAT.
What Is said to be the first anti-treatintr saloon
In the United States has been opened in Dcs
Moin»s lowa. The proprietor controls fifteen other
saloons and declare* that if the venture proves a
success he will Install the same system in all of
the others. Bartenders In chare* will attempt to
lure drii.kerß to accept a substitute for liquor in
the form of buttermilk, sweet milk. tea. coffee an.l
other soft drinks. The liquor habit will be dis
couraged as far as possible In harmony with the
Ideas laid down by the lowa temperance forces.
Wlfle— Oh. this is nwful! These curtains 1 Rot
at the bargain sale don't match our furniture.
\v't,,.' i ahOuM «ny not— cheap as I got them?
We must h«ve some new furniture at once.—Cleve
land leader.
Colorado la making: an experiment— so far suc
ces-sful— of the honor system among the convicts
who work on Us highways. About fifty. of the
prison birds have recently been working on a road
between Canon City and TeßurMe, with no keepers
watching' them and only two foremen or overseers
to direct th« work. Not one has tried to escape.
They are doing such a satisfactory job that it Is
proposed to use two hundred in constructing an
Improved highway between Denver and Canqn City.
"Him he proposed yet?"
"Not In bo many wonls."
"That's no answer. Proposals never do come In
u-or.is — they consist of sighs, hen;*, haws and
gurgles." — Leader.
The Chicago l>a: y News** roaiplahf of the
. :r.j way of rei>ortlng car accidents in that
ads for a law, '.ike New York's, OOflß
palling the traction peojle to register oftk iaily with
in a specified time ail casualties. "Chicago." says
News*" "Is behind many other communities
wilt: respect to th<- reporting ••( ace Wants on trans
ii iinf>.-' la New York the oompanlee are
to the Public Service Commis
sion dc rts of all acrtdenta. Further, that
body li»:- H-s own Investigating force t" conduct
additional Inquiries and to make permanent records
o? the ■ i us to formulate re<-
latlona, bsard on study of the facts, for th<?
lon of accidents In future."
We don't mind a man owing US « grvlgA when
itatlon of never paying what he
owes. —Philadelphia Record.
A bulletin of tho American Museum of Safety
and Sanitation says: "Am ■ result of the almost
bloodless conflict with Spain, the actual hostilities
of which lasted loss than six weeks, the United
States paid in 1908 M.47] 151 in pensions, with as-
Buranoa of an annual Increase for many years to
come, and tha rolls of the Pension Office to-day
bf-ar the names ot 24.(Kin pensioners, over 13,000 of
whom me invalids and survivors of this war. Mora
than 18,000 additional claims are now pending, a!
though the total of the Cuban army of Invasion
was only 20,000 men. In all the wars in which th<»
United States has engaged disease has been re
sponsible for more than "0 per rent of the mor
tality, more than half of which could have, easily
bppn prevented through organization and prepared
ness."
"My wife wonders why the papers waste so much
space on mere ii' wa "
"What dors she read?"
••«..;,. B ba raada the weather probabilities, the bar
gain probabilities, the marriage notices and the
love Btory. But ;>n ii'm aboul ■ l>i« battle or the
f?l! of r dynasty 10..ks piffling to her." -iiouisvlUe
(.'ourler-.lournal.
A novel nontrncp Tins :nij>'sr>d the other day up
m "Windsor. Ont. Tii« governor of the s.tndwtdi
Jnil. having come Hto <"rifl|.-t with b Ju'lrp, nu
declared guilty of contempt of court, ami was or
dered confined in his own prison for ten days, Ths
c "UKht not to prove Irksome under the cir
cumstances.
"Your husband is of a studious turn of mind.
isn't lie?"
"Yes. Indeed. Whenever we have hash he Isn't
aatlefled unless he knows everything that is in It."
—Detroit Free Press.
TARIFF TALK.
CHEAPER.
From The Rochester Democrat and Chronicle.
Senator Tilitrmn. with his usual modesty is ask
ing for a tnx On ten for the protection 'of an In
fant Industry in his state jt would he much
cheaper for the government to pension the owner
of tho tea farm for lift- if the nation must support
him.
IS REAL REVISION IN BIOHTT
From The Washington Poet.
Th progress made on the tariff bill In the Seti
ntf <.n Saturday permits us to imp« that real re
vlaton lias begun. The answer of the country that
Is reflected In yesterday's press o iplit to encourage
the good work to larger achievement. It I* moraiiv
certain thai the people will not !e satisfied with a
bill that does not substantially lessen in the aggre
gate the cost of the necessaries ol life.
AN EXPLANATION.
From The Syracuse BeraM.
When the Payne bfU was before \\\<t Mouse sev
enty-three Dwnuc-atie Representatives voted for a
duty <>n lumber!
Need anybody wonder why the Democratic party
bus been unable to win n national victory or an Im
portant state victory in Mxtefii years?
TRADING IN CONFERENCE.
From The Boston Advertlaer.
A^ the Aldrlch bill is to be used m<>ro or less for
•'trading" purposes m the committee of conference
It contains many provisions which tho majority of
Benatora probably <)■> not wholly approve and
which, are certain to be struck out when the bill
goes into conference. The bill which goes to Presi
dent Tafl will be clearly a "revision downward ■•
however. If the Indications at Washington mean
anything at all
• RETALIATION.
From" The Springfield Republican.
Gftrman manufacturers are' declaring that th« Al
drli-h tariff bill is aimed at that country especially
and they ar« urging th« government upon a course
of severer tariff reprisals against the united States
than ever. The demands for energetic action are
generally supported by th« German press. France
if getting Into a similar temper. The enactment of
any such extreme measure as is now before the
Senate a' "Washington will no doubt start re
taliatory legislation abroad of a severer character,
than has been hitherto attempted. "
About "People and Social Incident*
AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
[From The Tribune Bureau.)
Washington. May 17.— The President to-day re
ceived the gold telegraph key with which he will
formally open the Alaska-Yukon Exposition on
June 1. Th© key, which was presented by th«
Secretary of the Interior on behalf of the giver.
George W. earmark, and the exposition manage
ment. Is studded with some of the first gold nug
gets from the Klondike, and is mounted on polished
Alaskan marble. Secretary Balllnger was accom
panied by the entire delegation from Washington
and the Alaskan delegate.
Pedro Gonzales, special envoy from Nicaragua,
was received by President Taft In the East Room
this afternoon.
The resignation of James T. Williams, jr.. re
cently confirmed as Civil Service Commissioner,
was accepted with re ret by President Toft
President Taft had a long talk with a delegation
from Cincinnati representing the National Daylight
Association, and as a result will take up the mat
ter of earlier hours for beginning government work
at the Cabinet meeting to-morrow. It Is suggested
also that a movement be started for earlier worK
in all business and banking Institutions In the
country. The President referred his callers to the
Secretary of the Treasury and th- Postmaster
General, who are responsible for railroad and mall
schedules and hours in national banks. Th* d* c- (
gallon consisted of E. H. Murdock. J. G. Schmld
la PP L.'A. Ault. Julius Flelschman. George R.
Bolch. J. Stacey Hill. George W. Anderson, jr..
and George Armstrong. a mass meeting °* c!t '* en '-
Resolutions adopted nt a mass meeting °' rit.zens
of Fresno. CaL. protesting against the slaughter
of Armenians in various parts of J Turkey, were
presented to President Tail by . X?"*™ 11 * I £J
Needham. The President promised to rake the
subject up with the Beeratary of State and at to
morrow's Cabinet meeting. *. * r^»
Representative Kelfer discussed the »^?"f lp
of customs at Dayton. Ohio, with the P™ sld T -
Among the White House callers were Senators.
LoSTcrana and Jones and Representatives Cush
man and Humphreys. Routh-
The President will be accompanied on his Soutn
crn trip by Mrs. Taft. the French Amb^sadorand
Mmc JUerand. Captain Archibald .Butt the ,T*£
W enr. military aid. and Assistant &£*£*^JJ
to WashtaglOii about midnight on Tnurs^'
The President enjoyed a long ride in one of tha
thony. Reprint..". and M". c » C ," P .. .
Ot cl P %TrlT^ tonsils removed at the
EpMopd Eye an,l Kar lto.pit»l W-Ul . Mr..
immediately to the hospital. w * e ™ J 1 * ,T rWe
time with his son before go.ng for m long riae.
THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS.
[From Th» Tribune Bureau I
Washington! May 17.-The twenty-third bUtMjJ
of the King of Spain was celebrated at he Spaateh
guests for a week of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander v v
RennseSer at their country place. Camp Hill Hall.
*££•£££*. »« U- Russian Embassy, en-
The German Counsellor and Countess n
Wt "here to-day tor *Z£gg*%^ S.
honor.
IN WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
[From The Tribune Pureau.l
1 if 31 - -|-_Th« Vice-President and
"Mr.:..- 5...r ... orN-Vork. «JO ... th.
f™ , , b e Attorney G^era! and Mra
%££»£. returned t, her h-m, th» m - >ng
Sir Robert and Lady HadfleM. wne are «******<
K;1 .,,5. will #> »O N-v York wtthhl a d«v or W«.
MIM Josephine Purand was the guest of honor
at . luncheon given to-day by Mrs. Thomas X
Walsh To meet her were Invited Mr. and M.>
rre ton Gibson. Mrs. Busbar. Mrs. -'No-i" McLean.
Uta Rldselr. Mlas Oliver. Miss Katherlna Jrn
n!nk Miss Sheridan. Miss Terry. Miss Coltos and
MMmM Mr £nT k Mr*. Ten Eyck Wendell will close their
house here next Monday and. after a visit in NSW
York, will go to their summer place I.ake.a*.
Casennvia. N. Y. where their yacht, the Bandy, has
been anchored.
The engagement is announced of Miss Elizabeth
MR. CARNEGIE AT THE QUIRINAL.
Interview with King Victor Emmanuel— Czar
May Visit Italy.
Rome. May 17.-Andrew Carnegie was received in
audience by Km Victor Emmanuel t«>-.lay. H«
was presented by Senator Cappellint. of the Uni
versity of Bologna, to which his majesty sent the
model of a rare prafclatorle animal recently pre
sented to him by Mr: Carnegie. in the course or
his conversation the King expressed Ms apprecia
tion of this girt.
The interview lasted nearly half an hour. Mr.
Carnegie, who has not been in Italy for fifteen
years, congratulated his majesty on the progress
of the country and its financial prosperity. He
spoke of the transformation of Rome, which, he
paid, was becoming a second Paris, but still pre
served her wonderful and glorious monuments of
the past, which recalled her to the world as the
mother of civilization.
It was the Intention of the Duke of Aosta also
to receive Mr. Carnegie to-day, but this was Im
possible owing to the illness of the duke.
Although no official announcement yet has been
made, there. Is reason to believe that the Emperor
of Russia, after calling at Brest, will continue his
voyage Into the Mediterranean to an Italian port
to visit Kins Victor Emmanuel. It is said also
that from Italy the Emperor will go to Constan
tinople and return home by way of the Black Sea.
LORD ROBERTS'S GOLDEN WEDDING.
London. May 17.— Lord Roberts Is celebrating to
day the golden anniversary of hi.-* wedding, and so
popular Is "80b5,," as he Is called, that the occa
sion has assumed something of the character of a
royal festival. Except during the raca meetings,
the telegraph office at Ascot never has known any
thing to compare with th»» rush of messages which
have been arriving all day long from all parts of
the empire congratulating the field marshal. The
King and Queen were among the earliest to re
member the day. The newspapers contain long
eulogies of the veteran soldier.
DOUMA VOTES HIGHER TOBACCO TAX.
St. Petersburg, May IT.-Ttie IVmma to-day
passed the first reading of tbe bill Increasing the
excise duty on tobacco.
JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN !N LONDON.
London. May 17.— Joseph Chamberlain returned
to London to-day from the Continent. He appeared
to be eomswhat stronger than when he went
abroad, but It was obvious that his powers of walk
1 teg- had made no appreciable Improvement.
Worthlngton Treseott. dau^hW of jit,. taaahHi
Barn»"!l TrtSCOtt. to Llfui»nant Philip H. TaiwL
U. S. M. '.. «*on cf the late Colcnfl z. W. Torr^r'
The marriage nil. take place si the fall. eut#».
ant Torrey Is stationed at Sea Girt. X. J.
Official society Is Interested In •:•• n:arria«* at
noon to-morrow of Mian Ada \»- aada, n!» » *)
Senator New land?, of Neva-la, an-! Dr. Vtrttßh!
Dabney. which will take ;,\nr» at the church la
Cilery Chase. Only relative* t\r..\ intimate fri»j,(j
will witness the ceremony and attend th» hrtak!
fast at the home of Senator Xewlands. *"
NEW YORK SOCIETY.
Miss Josephine Ogden. daughter of Mr* j<jjs 3 »
Ogden. was married yesterday afternoon la tj..
Church of the Incarnation to Pierpont D*vl« m
of Mr. and Mrs. Kellowes Davl». The brld« wi?**}
down the aisle, which was lined with rin wn«.<] <n
lilies, with her brother, John R. <>gri#ri who eaV»
her away. She was In a gown of soft whit* astsa>
with a tulle veil, over which was dn»p»d tnoth»r
of petal l<»ce. fastened with orann* btaaoom Sh»
carried i bnuiuet of !l!les-*>f-th»-valley. Her tt
tendants were Mr« William Bayard B:arkweU,
Mrs. Robert McM liillespte Miss Ellen W. Twa
bull and her sister. Mis« Sarah D. Ogflen. fuer
were dressed In maize satin, trimmed with bands «{
gold tinsel lace, and wore larjt" but, of yel!(»»
Neapolitan straw nrlorn»«i with >>l]nw malln* »-j
feathers. Thai «-arrled bouqoetl of viol-t sVc«f
pea*, tied with violet ribbon.
Dudley Davis was his brother's belt man. an*
th« usher* were G*orr* T. Baawf Jr.. D H. K»rr,
Charles 8. Butler. Thomas Kearny. w H. »>nror
and another brother of th» brM^amom, XV. p,j.
|r -». Davis, jr., all of thts rltv: Pliny J»we!l. j^
and Philip French, of Rnitr,^ KuasiM Perkins. «f
Pomfret, Conn., and W. S- Simpson, of DalU^
Tex. Th* ceremony was aavfat br f ft» R?T
Dr. William M Grosvenor. ami a reception toU
lowed at the home of the hrld-" •■•'•- Mr». Ed
ward mean Dlckerson. hi East am street
Among those Invited to the we<Min« were Mr an 4
Mrs. .1 R '>gd»n. Miss Emily SBSB\ Oorjc*
Ogden. Mr. and Mrs FHlr>w«»s Pavis. Mr an 4 Mr*.
E. C. Potter. Jr.. Dr and Mrs. William M Pel*.
Mrs. Frank 1* Polk. Mrs. Ki'i»»n Van Rensselaer.
Mrs. George F. Baker. Mrs. l>»id!ey Davis. Mr.
and Mrs. F. T. Baaawt, Mrs. William - -Khaaa.
Philip G. BSrckbead. Mr. sad Mrs. N'ewNMd Edgar
and Augustus Van Cortlandt.
Mr 3. George J. Gould, Miss Marjnri- Gould aa|
Jay Gould sail for Europe to-day la spend part of
the summer abroad.
Mr. and Mrs J. Norms n de R. Whltehouse lr4
a : ,-> booked BO sail for Europe to-day. They win
remain abroad for about six weeks and on U>«Bf
return will go to Newport for the remainder of tat
season.
Count and Countess Ferdlimnd Collr>redo-Man!»
feld. «bo returned from Newport on Saturday ta<
spent Sunuay at the Hotel Gotham, wer.t to
Jericho, Long Island, yesterday, wh'rc •-•■• are the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. Jos*:.:-. S. Stevens. That
sail for Europe on Thursday. .
Mrs. Henry O. Hav»meyer and Miss Electra
Havemeyer. who have been in Europe for several
months, are returning M New York this week M
th*» Mauritania.
Mr. and Mrs William Ji SO ta
Bar Harbor next asaOJCR to spend O»» -•"
Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Harrlman banra taken pet
session of their country place at White Plain,
NT.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank S. WKhsrbes •»! Mm
Evelyn Wltherbe* will go hi their BBSS! en tat
shore of Lake Champlain this week.
Mrs. O. H. P. Felmont. who has reei aJjread fcr
several weeks. is booked to sail from Liver?*)! ftr
New York on June 5.
Mr. and Mrs. William Church Osbom will «paa
their country place at Garrison. X. V . at th* «2d
of next week.
Mr. and Mrs. Luther Kountze trill sail fsrEsnrpa
on July 15. and will remain abroad (or ttott
months.
Professor and M-« Henry Fa!rfie!d Osixjrn ■■*
Miss Josephine Osbom. who entertained a how
party over the week end at their country place "
Garrison, will sail for Europe early rest month.
Mr and Mr*. Robert 1.. Gerry have gone to L***
Delaware. N. Y. where they win spend most of ttm
summer.
One of the. most elaborate entertainments of ts#
spring win be the garden • **•* r« Hop* Farm *
which is to take place M the afterr^-* and e%en
lngs of to-day, to-morrow and Thursday on t>»
big field of the Lenox Library, at Madison *v«bub
and roth street. Th* field has been derated for
the occasion with bay trees ar.d shrubs, marble
fountains playing by day and by nichr. kiosks for
the Mia of all asrta of artistic articles, column.
and statuary. There all be an open-al^ *•*■»•
rant, where dinner will be Ben bjr -«»leev
There Is to b- an open-air theatre. There rauae
ville performances will tak« place In th* afternoon
and dances from -The Bartered FrMe • •«»
teurs in the evening. A final dress ' ar< *- «U
held last evening. ,
Among those who will take part in the per.orEW
•boss in the open-air theatre are Mrs. *■■•■■
Eustls. Mm Austen Gray. Mrs. Arthur *».»«
\rthur Scott Burden, Thomas B. Clarke. •-• T<l « \
Hovt. Miss Blanche .>»—•. Ml» " *' ™""* J
Miss Dorothea Moran. Miss Lucy *™»"- ™£*
OT> Isrtln. Newton Rae. Edmund •«• "W"**
Johnson. Richard I-awrence and C. Tiffany R!c& - ,
ardson. 3
THREE ORDERS FOR QUEEN AMBLT*
King Manuel Pays Honor to Mother Wa*
Shielded Him from Assassins.
Lisbon. May 17-Kln X Manuel has N * tow
Queen Amelle. widow si King Ctato* : r*Vt2-!lr *V t 2-!I
for th© Lii lisas shawa by her majesty «t tlm^T
of the assassination of h-r husband «r.<l ana. ■» -
February. Hat. These are the Order of Chris- "•
Order of Santiago an.l the military Order « «*
Henolt d'Avlz. The decre* says that aft»r *"?*
Carles and Crown Trince I.vis had - > * n " "^JIT
Queen, with noble lUMff—S and natsrsfll bi *™>.zi*
flunjf hSta»M In front of her son I***"" *""Jl
deavored to thrust aside the weapon of Cost* i»»
elled at him. Her escape was remark* ™*
bullet struck her cornaare. was deflected, and ***"""
the. forearm of th« prince. Th« Cabinet ha* *™
its unanimous approval to these decorations, n
before conferred upon a woman. «—-.••»
His majesty has also decorated ff»S I'o*™1 ' o *™
who shot Bulasa. the man who killed th» X- »• |
with the Order of the Tower and the Sword- i™
decoration gives the recipient the rsr.k of as osuror ■
and entitles him to a pension.
A DINNER AT DORCHESTER HOUSE.
London. May :7.— The American Amhassa<W»
Whttaaaa* Reid. save a dinner at Dorchester HOW"
to-night. The jruests Included Count Koratira. «
Japanese Ambassador: the Greek and ?for^^|
ministers, Charles I* Sherrill. the new AmS "™.
Minister to the Argentine Republic and Mr * 9^
rill. Sir Laurence Alma-Tadema and L * dy^.w— ♦ "•
Tadema. Mr. and Mrs. E. A- Abbey and Sir t*uo«
and Lady Parker. j ■ r
WALDSTEIN— SELIGMAN. :
London. May 17.-Charles Waldstein. P rofes5 °' '
fine arts at CanToridse University, and Mrs. I
dore Selljrman. of New York, daughter of tn *T^
David L. Einstein, w«-re married at a re^,'
office here to-day, the recent death of Mrs. -~~ I
man's father having caused a change in trie P^
Lewis Einstein, secretary of the America nyn y
basay at Constantinople, gave his sister
The only others present, in. addition to tJl * bM ,
groom, were George Leveson .lower. who wa»
man: Dr. Martin Wal.istein and Miss Km*. •
ther Mrs. Einstein nor Mrs. "VValdsteln was an *»
be present, on account si illness.
MRS. CRAWFORD GOES TO NAPLES, o# -
Sorrento. May 17. Mrs Marion Crawford, wido^ .
of the novelist, has gone la Naples, wtlere sn» I
reside with her married daughter, Slgnot+ **"
Rorra .-,. h-
CMS* the terras of Mr. Crawford's will -jj
br*ry and manuscripts go ts his son H^ la '^ tt j
eon Bertie receives the greater part of tna «»*■•*
and will devote hlmselr to commarca,

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