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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, May 19, 1909, Image 2

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— I RIKPRAII FAIIQ s » cnre "Matty's"
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i Photogravure of "Christy" Mathe-Rton.
! th* New Torlc GlatiU" peerless pitcher.
fl Present at the Uptown Offlce of THB
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71 The coupon »iN appear ever> day in
U TH E TRIBUNE
speculating in the stock of the American Ice
Company, the natural inference being that my
prosecution was in some way prompted by per
sonal and improper motives. I have no doubt
but that the Intention was to try to rive an ap
pearance of substance to such rumors by some
official action, end in the start discredit my
efforts before any grand jury.
Jackson says that as soon as he expressed a
V-illingness to conduct hia examination before
the same grand Jury the District Attorney
dropped his inquiry into the relations of Mr.
«Je-kson's employes and friends to ice stock
and "welcomed me, as I have stated." Then in
great detail he £'•<=? into his trials In getting an
Indictment because of the lack of attendance of
tone of the Jurors, giving correspondence with
James W. Osborn. his special deputy in the Ice
TTrust case, and Justice Dowling. He finds con
siderable *ault with the grand jury system, say-
Ing:
I am informed that of the thousands of Quali
fied Jurymen in New York City, only about el gut
hundred are subject to draft for grand jury ser
vice, and that with a shift of only about sev
enty names a year the persons on this list are
*-drawn over and over again Upon this list about
•half are officers or directors of big corporation*.,
senfl the monopolies of ice. (?ps. oil. steeL trac
jtion, coal and so forth are directly represented.
I had met an influential opposition when I
insisted in presenting the telephone monopoly;
tirtili further, when I proceeded against the trac
tion combine, forcing it to the refuge of a re
ceivership in the federal court?: and yet more,
•Vhen 1 contended without let-up until SO-cent
teas was accomplished in New York City.
So I wet not surprised at the nature of my
Opposition • when I started to prosecute the ice
Itnonopoly and expose dishonest banking met.i-
Cds I expected every one whose motives wore
♦questionable to question mine: that every fakir
•would en" "Faker:" and every thief cry -Thief.
■The District Attorney of New York had a spe
cial grievance.
i At that time he was under charges before the
including a specification as to his fail
ure to prosecute the ice monopoly. I had no
>art In presenting such charges, nor did I know
EthT details, but the District Attorney evidently
les«umed that my action at this time was calcu
lated to injure him personally, so he performed
§ils statutory duty to assist me by immediately
Starting an "underhanded campaign to discredit
•sne and my efforts, at the very time I was pre
venting the evidence to the grand Jury.
• I am informed that he had me followed
Sby detectives day and night; that he made in
quiries In all directions and called various per
sons to his office and quizzed them to discover
if possible something to my discredit: and that
she pr>k<=- of me as a "grafter** and said that K
knew I was "getting the money." and similar
expressions, which were repeated and spread,
End I have no doubt, came to the ears of the
grand jury investigating the ice case. It is re
grettable that the energy he displayed In seek
ing to discredit the prosecution and the prose
cutor could not have been directed toward re
lieving the people of the cruel oppression of this
Monopoly.
Following this, Jackson's report discusses the
"arrest of Nathan Vidaver. his special deputy, in
(the Hamilton Bank receivership proceedings,
Satan Vidaver was accused of extorting money
hfrom Montgomery, an official of the bank.
JEROMES CLOSE FRIEND.
Montgomery was indicted at one stage of the
jprc-ceedings, and. according to Jackson, selected
* Howard Gans, "a former assistant, and gen
! crally supposed to be a very influential friend,
of the District Attorney." He adds:
I am informed that a discussion was held be
tween Messrs. Montgomery and Gans as to the
comi eneation to be paid to Mr. Gans for legal
services; that the sum of tl.*^^ was first talked
of. and the demand raised to $£.500. and that
finally Mr. Gans stated that if he were paid
$5,900 he would arrange to have Montgomery
felt down to a private dinner with the District
Attorney, in which event Montgomery need fear
no further prosecution of the pending indict
mem.
However, it is a fact that while the indict
ments against Montgomery that the District
Attorney had secured were still pending, and
had beer, noticed for trial for the following week,
and after the Governor had ordered me to dis
place the District Attorney In the Ire case, these
— Montgomery. Gans* and the District At
torney — appointment, sat down to a social
meal, and here was hatched a contemptible,
cowardly scheme to strike at me by entrapping
Mr Vidaver into a situation which the District
Attorney would prosecute as a crime.
This scheme, according to Jackson, was for
,Wontgomer. to offer to "retain" Vidaver to pre
vent the Attorney General from instigating
further newspaper articles against him and
the hank's condition, which detectives from the
District Attorneys office were to overhear, and
I which conversation they were to repeat there
after on the witness stand.
He describes the whole transaction as "a
dirty. contemptible fake from start to finish"
All this, he reiterates, was done to discredit
him with the grand jury in the Ice Trust pro
ceedings, because Vidaver was one of his special
deputies and, in a sense, a political associate.
{He continues:
Montgomery's . gag, though noticed for trial at
Fthe time of the dinner, on February 27, 190 S. has
jr.ot been tried !am informed that Mr. Gans
• afterward raised his demands to JS.OOO for the
{services performed, and that Montgomery re
;fused to pay and retained another lawyer, after
: "which the District Attorney sought for more
i«vidence against Montgomery, in connection
iwith his banking transactions back in 1907, and
-tad him further indicted in April, 1309.
Further along in the report Jackson, In
.•Vitriolic terms, attacks Frank kilt, who was
. •^pointed receiver for the Hamilton Bank at
• ills instance. White ?nd Jackson were drawn
'.into a dispute over some fancied Or alleged at
fTempt to obtain a division of receiver's fees, into
J^-hich the. grand jury examined with considera
11)!« minuteness. .
EXPRESS COMPANIES PROTEST.
Bit the Merchants' Association Ha* Not
Been Aggrieved by Them.
Albany. May 18— Answers Be complaints made by
the Merchants' Association of New York against
the United States, American. National, Wells
Targ© end Canadian Express companies have been
received by the Pub:.- Service Commigflon.
In each instance the companies move that the
complaint* be dismissed, claiming that the com-
Mission has no jurisdiction in the matter: that the
complainant Is not a person cr corporation ag
frrieve<l by anything done by the companies, and
that it cannot make a complaint Against the de
fendants under the Public Service commissions
Saw.
The association in its complaint stated that it
%a* I.s*"i resident members and many thousand non
resident members engeited in business in various
parts of tne United States, and alleged inequity of
present rates, objectionable method? and prac
tices, disregard of specified routine, .delays in de
livery, fail-. to notify shippers of non-delivery of
srooia. delay In returning undelivered goods, settle
ment of claims, unreasonable restrictions of free
delivery • limits, size of packages, and methods of
packing and delay in account for collections.
The commission was asked to investigate the
charges and to order such changes in the conduct
of the companies' business as would "remove just
cause of complaint «nd establish equitable rela
tions between the carriers «nd shipper?." The
Merchants* Association has retained former United
Staled Attorney General John W. Griggs to appear
Jr. its behalf in opposition to the motion to dismiss
the complaint. No hearing has as yet been ap
pointed.
NOTED COLORADO TUNNEL CAVES IN.
Denver, May 18.—Nearly five hundred feet of the
tunnel in Tennessee Pass, on the Denver 4 Rio
Grande Railway, about five miles west of Lead
•vill*:. caved In, last night. The tunnel is known to
tcjjrists ail over the world. The cave-in was
caused by the melting of the extremely heavy
Min w l - Traffic will be restored in two or three
PENSION BILL VETOED
GOVERXOR CONDEMNS
THE ALLEX ACT.
Saps State Aid for Military Sen ice
Is Indefensible in Principle and
Will Breed Injustice.
[Br Telegraph to The Tribune.]
Albany. May 18— With a word of censure of
the Legislature for compelling the Executive to
make a choice between two referendum Dills
contemplating an issue of state bonds exceeding
$1,000,000. Governor Hushes to-day vetoed the
Allen bill proposing a etate pension of $0 a
month for Civil War veterans resident In this
state who enlisted from this state and served
longer than ninety days.
The Governor, in his memorandum setting
forth the reasons for his decision, pays full
tribute to the veterans, speaking in eloquent
terms of their great service to the country In
the Civil War. That, indeed. Is the point he
emphasizes-that their service was to the coun
try, which already provides an elaborate pen
sion system, not to this state alone.
"State pensions for military service are inde
fensible in principle, and will breed injustice in
practice," declared the Governor. He indicated
that if the bill became a law it would set a
precedent under which the veterans of the
Spanish-American War would want pensions,
and that if the states once began to take up
the pension scheme the federal government nat
urally would let the burden of future pensions
rest on the states.
In a*dition to all this the Governor pointed
out elaborate reasons for holding that the bill
as presented by Senator Allen and passed by
the Legislature was unconstitutional.
THE GOVERNOR'S VIEWS.
. In his memorandum he said:
The Legislature passed two bill?. each v pro
viding for the creation of a state debt m excess
of Si 000.000. The one is for the improvement
of tho Cayuga and Seneca canals the other is
the present bill for the payment of pensions to
veterans of the Civil War. Neither can become
a law without being submitted to the peoplft
and approved of by them at the general elect on
to be held this fall. But under the constitution
on!v one such bill can be submitted at the same
election. Hence, both the bills cannot become
la The bill first passed was that providing for
the canal improvement. Having expressed its
Judgment that the canal bill should receive the
Sanction of the people, and having by its passage
provided for the single submission contem
plated by the constitution, the Legislature could
not consistently pass any other bill requiring a
similar submission. The I^ sla * ur %s*°f !/
ever, to pass the conflicting pension bill and thus
to place upon the Executive the responsibility
° f The eC pension bill provides (1) .for a state bu
reau of pensions, with a commissioner, deputy
commissioner and necessary clerks: (2) for •the
payment of pensions, under specified conditions,
to veterans of the Civil War honorably dis
charged, who served ninety days or more and
were enlisted and enrolled in this state as vol
unteer soldiers in any military body organized
under the authority of this state or whose en
listment or enrolment was credited .the
state's quota in the military, naval or marine
service of the United States. The amount of the
pension is 56 a month where the ?*"»'?"« •"
eixty-tWo years of age or over. <»> For the
issue of state bonds for not more than |2. •,"■"-.
payable in five years with Interest not feeding
4 per cent (4. For the raising by direct tax
annually of whatever amount may be needed to
pay the pensions granted and the expense of
maintaining the pension bureau, after th£ *-.
000.000 raised by the bond, Issue have been ex
'^B^o "these main features of the, bill it may be
noted: The pension is to be a service pension.
It Is not based upon disability or dependency
It makes slight attempt at equity of **«"""
tion Those who are Inmates of soldiers homes
or of institutions supported in whole " ! . in part
by the public, are excepted ; from it? • benelUs.
Otherwise the pension is. payable a? well to the
prosperous as to the needy, to the unfortunate
and to the well-to-do alike.
Pensioners must have resided In tnis state
three consecutive years before application for
pension, and at least one year before ea<h pen
sion paying period. One who went to the war
from his home in New York as a member of a
New York regiment, but since the war has made
his home in Pennsylvania and remains there.
would take no pension here. Nor would lie re
ceive one under a Pennsylvania statute if the
policy of this bill were followed. All who have
permanently removed from the state of their
enlistment would be debarred under this policy
from any state pension. . „
The bonds to be issued, of $2,000,000, would
provide no more Ihan would probably be re
quired for th* first year. It there are thirty
thousand survivors in this state who would ho
entitled to such a pension, th*- payment to them
in one year would amount to (2,160,000.
STATE PENSIONS INDEFENSIBLE.
So also, in marked contrast to the present bill,
the Cayuga and Beneca canal bill, passed at this
session of the Legislature, fixes a specific an
nual tax rate of "four one-thousandths of a
mill on each dollar" of assessed valuation for
each million dollars of bond?. or fraction there
of, in par \alue issued and outstanding during
each fiscal year. :
It would seem that the purpose of the con
stitutional provision was not simply to require
a general statement in the statute, that an
amount necessary to pay the Interest and prin
cipal of the debt should be raised by taxation,
but a specific provision for the tax, with such
deflniteness as to show that the debt, interest
and principal, is in fact provided for. and ap
prise the people in appropriate detail of the
annual burden which they would assume in ap
proving the proposed law.
But a further question is presented — a funda
mental question of state policy Is it sound
policy for the state, independently and upon its
own behalf, to assume an obligation to pay pen
sion* based simply upon service In the armies of
the United States? I think not.
This is not a matter of patriotic sentiment
It is a question of the proper recognition of the
division of state and national functions Every
lover of his country cherishes the memory of
those who unselfishly gave themselves to the
hardships of war and offered their lives that
the Union might be preserved. Our youth must
ever be Inspired by the example of ardor of that
host of young men who sacrificed the varied
opportunities of early manhood and, thoughtless
of personal loss, responded to the call of th*»
nation. Mankind has never witnessed a finer
exhibition of patriotic devotion, and no on* could
desire to detract from th* Just obligation im
posed by that service.
But we should not ignore the true Incidence
of that obligation. In. our state administration
we deal with state affairs, and national obliga
tions must be discharged by the nation. This
implies no shirking on the part of citizens of
the state, for they are citizens also of the nation
and in that capacity bear their share of rational
outlay*
That the payment of military pensions for
service in the United States army is distinctive
ly a national concern cannot be doubted. A
centralized pension system was one of the early
institutions under the federal government, and
the latter soon assumed the payment of pensions
granted by the states to those who had served
in the Revolutionary War The policy thus In
augurated and so long maintained should not
be departed from. It is only by this policy that
w« can necure an equitable distribution of pen
sions and make such provision for their payment
as will be fair to all concerned.
The citizens of Ohio are just as much under
obligation to the soldiers who enlisted in New
York for the defence .of the Union, as are the
citizens of New York itself. Those who enlisted
from New York went to th«- war as much for
the defence of the people of Pennsylvania and
of other states as for the defence of their fellow
citizens of New York. They did not go for the
defence of any state as such, but that the Union
might be maintained.
StHtf pensions for military service arc- inde
fensible in principle and will breed injustice In
practice. The provisions of th« present bill show
this clearly. The volunteer who enlisted from
New York and was credited to this state, though
he may now live in Illinois, is as much entitled
to a pension for his service as though he had
remained here. It is only the federal govern
ment that can grant pensions upon a just and
equal basis, for it represents all the people and
can discharge the common obligation to all who
served in a common cause.
The State of New York maintains a soldiers 1
NEW-YORK DAILY TRIBUNE/ WEDNESDAY. HAY 19, 1909.
-md sailor^ home for veterans of the Civil X\ ar
who are in need, and a home for aged, depend
ent veterans and their wives. It is a different
matter to provide for the payment of a state
-I. aii now proposed, based solely up°n
military service to the nation, and the unwisdom
of such a policy we cannot afford to ignore.
It may be said that this matter should be sub
m!tf<--d to the judgment of the people. But it Is
th«> intent of th» constitution thst n« bill of this
sort shall be submitted to the people unless it
y, rernrnmended by the Legislature and the
Governor, o r by the Legislature over the Gov
ernor's veto, for fh.oir favorable consideration.
For the reasons stated I cannot recommend the
enactment of this proposed law
BILLS OXE DAY LATE.
Four ?f ensures Approved by Mayor
Arrive After IS Day Period.
A'.banv. Kay IS.— Four bills aprr^ved by Mayor
McfteUaa reached the Governor on Monday, one
day over the fifteen-day period during which the
city is allowed to retain a bill, consequently they
cannot be considered by the Governor. Th« bills
were in Albany on Sunday, but were not deMweWj
until Monday.
Among the measure? is one by C. F. Murphy, in
relation to the jurisdiction of the Courts of Spe
cial PessioriF of the First and Second divisions over
children under sixteen years of age under charges
of a criminal nature. Another bill by Mr. Murphy
proposed to amend the charter of New York rela
tive ta the classification of criminals and misde
meanants and in relation to the Board of Parole of
New York and its control over prisoners in the
New York City Reformatory for Misdemeanants.
Th° third bill, by Mr. Sargent, would have re
leafed the State's title to certain lands under water
in Jamaica Bay and Rr.ckaway, so that the city
could co-operate with the federal government in
the creation cf a new harbor there.
The fourth bill, by Mr. Hoey. was to allow per
diem employes in New York City a week's vaca
tion.
BROOKLYX'S COURTHOUSE.
Governor Signs Bill Permitting Se
lection of Site and Its Erection.
tßr T»l»-Rraph to The Tribune
Albany. May — Governor Hushes to-day signed
(he bill permitting the selection of a site for a new
courthouse in Kings County and the erection of
that edifice under the supervision of the judges.
This was the measure which was stranded with
many others through the Newcomb filibuster 'n the
last days of the legislative session. Though the
Public Service law amendments could not be resur
reetPd and passed, this bill, in exactly the same
position, was urged so strongly by State Chairman
Woodruff that if was extricated.
The Governor also signed the Marrltt bill to pre
vent the usa of corporate stock of New York City
to pay for running expenses. This bit of legisla
tion represents the entire achievement of the Cas
sidy committe. which investigated New York City's
financial condition. Six bills were introduced to
meet ihe committee's recommendations. Four were
passed. This was tho only one which got to Mayor
McClellan.
Governor Ruches also signed th" Conger hill. pro
vMlnc for an Issue of bonds to the amount of
j7 o*"»V^tt for th* improvement of the Cayu^a and
Seneca canals bo as to make them a part of tnß
harpe canal system of th» state. The proposition
-will he submitted to a vote of the people at the
general election this fall.
NEW MANHATTAN ROAD.
Company Incorporated to Build Sur
face Line from Harlem to Ft. George
Albany. May I?.— Upper Broadway Railway
Company of New York was Incorporated to-day
with a capital of !7.V>.«V).
The company proposal to operate a double track
street surface railroad in Manhattan three and a
half mile* long from Twelfth avenue, along Man
hattan street to Broadway to St. Nicholas avenue
to Fort George avenue.
The director* are Morgan D. Wilson, Arnold F.
Wainwrishi and Charles F. Heddin. of New Ycrk.
j . .
JULIAN A. SWIFT WEDS MISS MILLER
Ceremony Performed in Hobokcn— Been
Acquainted Only Three Weeks.
Julian A. Swift, a nephew of the Chicago mea*
packer, and Miss Mary Emma Miller, of Lafaj-ett«,
N. V.. were mauled in li»bok*-n on Monday n.jrht
by the Rev. Mr. McOaniel. pastor or the Lutheran
Church, at 10th strati an^l'ark avenue. it is said
that they became acquainted threp weeks ngo.
After the marriage they returned to the Hotel
Knickerbocker for a wedding breakfast, and ye?trr
day Mrs Swift's father, who was at Lafayette,
was Informed of the ceremony.
Mr. Swift has divided his t!m« recently between
Chicago and this city, staying while here at the
Knickerbocker. He has a home at Wareham,
Mass.. where the honeymoon probably will be spent.
His bride was hers on a visit at th» Avon apart
ments, Lexington avrn;: 1 and 30th street. She Is
twenty-fix years old, fix years her husband's
Junior.
MISSING CHILD FOUND NEAR HOME.
Was Sitting on Doorstep in Entire Change of
Costume— No Kidnappers Traced.
Edna Welner. two years old, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Joseph AVelner, of No. 9*5 Mont rose avenue,
Williamsburs;. was found sitting on a doorstep
within a block of her home yesterday, after disaa
peailnK Monday evening. Her parents had been
searching the entire city for her. Her clothing had
be^n completely changed.
When discovered fifteen detectives from the
Stags Ftreet station were searching for the little
plrl. The whole neighborhood had he«»n scoured
for traces of her. The r. isslng child was flint seen
by n little girl of the m Iphborhood. who told tha
Werner family. Every house In the district was
again gone through by the detectives, but no trac*
was found of possihle kidnappers.
When the news of the return of the supposed kid
napped child was circulated In the nelghborhc I a
crowd of more than three thousand people gathered
about th.' Weftier home. The reserves were called
out to disperse them. The child had been uninjured.
HOLDS HEARING ON SUBWAY STATION.
P. S. C. Listens to Arguments for and Against
One at 122 d Street and Broadway.
The> Public Service Commission held a hearing
yesterday on the question of a new subway station
at or near I2td street and Broadway. Counsel for
the Association for Obtaining a Subway Station at
or Near 122 d Street and Broadway produced sev
eral witnesses, who testified that the Interests of
the neighborhood would be greatly benefited by
such a station.
A letter was read from General Horace Porter
saying that at. least S0*\0(O persons a year visited
Grant's Tomb and suffered Inconvenience from the
fact that there was no station at present between
ll«th street and Manhattan street. There are a
large number of schools, colleges and Institutions
in this section.
Frank Hedley, vice-president and general man
ager of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company,
opposed the Idea on the ground that it would
cause delay to the- thousands of persons who use
the subway to points north of 116 th street. He
admitted that a station could he built at the point
desired, but said It would be an expensive piece
of work. He thought that the present stations at
lUith Ptreet and Manhattan street were not far
enough apart to warrant a station between them.
The hearing was adjourned.
B. R. T. WOULD DISCONTINUE STATION.
The South Brooklyn Railway Company, ■ sab
sidiary of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company,
has petitioned the Public Service Commission for
permission to discontinue the Kensington station,
at Lott's Lane and Gravesead avenue. The peti
tion says that the company maintains a station and
waiting room at Sixteenth and Gravesond avenues,
630 feet north of the Kensington station, and that
the maintenance of th« two stations in such close
proximity congests traffic and causes unnecessary
delay in the movement of trains. It Is impossible
to discontinue the station at Sixteenth avenue, the
petition says, as it • is. a transfer Junction. The
commission w 11 hold a hearing on June L
Dr. Lyon's
PERFECT
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Cleanses, beautifies and
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purifies the breath
Used by people of
refinement for almost
Half a Century
MR. TAFT GOES SOUTH
FIRST TRIP SIXCE HIS
IX A UGURA TIOX.
Petersburg, Packed witTi Visitors,
Anaiting President's Arrival-
Mrs. Taft Better.
Washington. May 18-President Taft sleeps
to-night aboard the private car Olympia. Be
fore he awakens he will have begun hi? first
trip Into the South since his inauguration. The
car, which now stands on a siding within the
fnion Station, guarded hy Secret Service men.
will be attached to the regular early morning
train over the Richmond, Frederiekaburg & Po
tomai- Railroad, which leaves Washington at
4:20 o'clock to-morrow morning.
Arising about 8 o'clock, the President will
breakfast aboard the train, and will be all ready
for the reception committee when Petersburg.
Va.. i? reached, about 0 o'clock.
Accompanied by his military aid. Captain
Archibald W. Butt. Mr. Taft left the White
House in an automobile shortly before 11 o'clock
to-night and rod* to the Union Station. He
■went immediately into the waiting car and soon
afterward retired for the night. Aboard the
same car are Ambassador and Mine. Jus^erand.
who will accompany Mr. Taft on the trip. W.
W. Mischler. one of the President's secretaries,
is the only other number of the party.
The President will return to Washington on
Friday morning. To-morrow he will attend the
unveiling at Fort Mahone. near Petersburg, of
a monument erected to the memory of Pennsyl
vania soldier? and will deliver an address. Later
he will attend a luncheon and reception given
by the city of Petersburg..
To-morrow night the Presidential party will
continue on to Charlotte. N, C, where they will
attend the Mecklenburg celebration on Thurs
day.
Before leaving the White House to-night the
President was <ngage<l for several hours with
Mr Mischler In disposing of a mass of corre
ep^ndence and some other matters which could
not be delayed until hia return.
Mrs. Taft, "ho Is unabl" to a---r>mpany the
President on his Southern trip because of a
nervou* breakdown. »as resting comfortably
and was Steadl recuperating, it was announced
at the White Hiiss Just before the President's
depart
Charlie Tnft, the President's youngest son.
who underwent an operation on his throat yes
terday, was nip., reported to be Improving.
Petersburg, V.i . May 1R. — 'With a promise of
fair weather, T\ith trainloads of visitors coming
into the city, and with every detail of the un
veiiinjc exercises ■■■' Foil Maltose, and the al
fresco luncheon and lawn fate at Centre Hill
mansion completed, Petersburg Is ready for
President Taft, Governor Stuart of Pennsyl
vania. Governor BwansOß, Ambassador Jus
serand and Rear Admiral Signbee. who will be
her miei«tn to-morrow
Such scenes of activity and such crowds as are
now in Petersburg- are unprecedented. Every
hotel, boarding house and many private resi
dences are packed with visitors.
The monument, which will bo unveiled hy
descendants of Northern ami Southern generals
who took part In the siege and defence of Pet
ersburg, is one of the most Imposing ever erect
ed in the South by federal veterans." ,
The ceremonies at Fort Mahone will begin
about I<> o'clock to-morrow morning. President
Taft, Governor Stuart and Governor Bwanson
will deliver addresses. President Taft and his
party will then be driven into Petersburg, es
corted by Union and federate veterans, ml-
Utia, bands, civilian organization?, artillery, reg
ular army soldiers and the Petersburg: Fire De
partment.
Conspicuous In the escort will be one hundred
Of Virginia's leading and wealthiest business
men. attired in black coats, black derbies, white
breeches and black Irgrglngs. All of them will
be mounted on hordes which have taken blue
ribbons at horse shows and fairs. _
WILD MAN SPURNS COOKED FOOD.
Nails Five Inches — Family Had Searched
for Him for Years.
Premiss. Miss., May lh.— Sheriff John Laird has
captured in the swamps near hero a man who hss
shunned civilization for five years, and whose oc
casional presence In Isolated communities earned
for him the title of "jhe wild man."
He was covered with only scanty portions of rag
ged garments, his nails were five inches long and
his hair and beard reached almost to his waist. He
refused to eat cooked food when it was offered to
him. Ha wan Identified as Marvin Whitehe«d,
whose relatives have searched for him for years.
CALLED WILD MAN A "MUTT."
[By Ti'l'-Krarh to The Tribune ]
Hackensack. X. J.. May is.— "The African Wild
Man," who has been chained In a den at the car
nival here during the last few days, lest his
temper to-day when Henry Muldoon. a youthful
patron of the show, poked him with a stick and
called him a "mutt." The "'wild man" struck
Muldoon across the face with his chain and was
arrested for assault. He pave hlfi name as Howard
Wyant, of Poughkeepsi«, N. T.
DEFENDS AMERICAN PATENT LAWS.
Lawyer Tells Engineers They Are More Lib
eral than in Any Other Country.
American patrnt laws were warmly defended at
the annual meftins of the Anwricaß Institute of
Electrical Engineers, betd In the Knglneertng So
cieties' Building. N'n. X\ West ;<9th street, last even
ing, by Frederick P. Fish, patent lawyer, .pf Xr>. G
Nassau street. Mr. Fish declared the L'nlted States
patent laws were more perfect that tiiD.se of any
iithor country, and said that' under a Iphs liberal
system the tremendous industrial development of
the last iirfif century could not bave tak4n place.
Mr. Ptsb suggested that a single appellate court
Instead of the nine now existing night bring about
ii harmony Of decisions and correct the present
cumbersome and expensive methods Of taking testi
mony in patent < uses. Be thought th« Patent
OnVe could be organised to dv more effective work.
The result of the receni flection of officers for
1309-'l<) was announced!, as follows: President, I*
B. Stlllweil; vice-presidents. J. J. Carty. P. M.
Lincoln and Paul Spencer; managers, A. W. Beres
terd, W. S. Murray, R. H. N'orrls and S. D.
Sprmg: treasurer, George A. Hamilton,^secretary,
fialph W. Pope.
Large
>^ and (5) Baths V^
jf $6,500 to $10,000 >.
< AL WYN COURT>
Cor. 58th St. and 7th Aye. jf
Ready September \^r
Send for booklet
and floor plan.
TELLS OF RUEF OFFER.
Rudolph Spreckels Bares Graft
Prosecution Secrets.
San Francisco. May 13.-Rudolph Spreckels. finan
cial backer of the graft prosecution continued his
testimony at the. Calhoun trial to-day Or.cross
examination Mr. Spreekels said that Abraham
Ruef. the dethroned boss, had visited his oftVea
three times between 1!*» and m*.
-I recollect in particular. ' he said. one inter
view with Ruef that called to my attention the
need for an investigation. Ruef came to myofflcj
and suggested that I get up » •>" ''l t» Wd on
municipal bonds about to be Issued. He V* o *****
that bids would be succeeded by a strike. I was
horrified by the suggestion. *#«.«♦
••Ruef assured me that the- bid of the syndicate
would be accepted." continued Mr. Spreekels and
he would guarantee that we would not hare to bid
above par for the bonds. I asked him tiowth»
could be done, and he .aid: 'That's a simple mat
ter. You know my connection with thai labor un ion
people When the bids are about to be submitted
we will have the biggest strike this town ever sa*.
I will tie up everything, including the .tree : rail
ways. Then Id like to see any of your carl tsli tic
friends, except those in on the know, submit bids
for these bonds.* .-
••l asked Ruef if he really Intended for the take
of making money to bring on a strike that might
result in bloodshed, and he said he was only jok
ing. But his face flushed, and he withdrew from
"Through a cross-examination replete _, . sting-
Through a cross-eiamination replete with «'.ng
ing inferences and Insinuations. Mr. Sperckels sat
undisturbed, disclosing the inner secrets of the
graft P ro6ecutlon. reciting the substantial P*>™"
he. has made to Its officers and agents and dis
claiming utterly the motives imputed to him b>
Earl Rogers, who conducted the Inquiry for the
defence. Mr. Shekels will produce in court to
morrow his personal account of the many thou
sand/ of dollars he admitted he had expended in
behalf of the graft prosecution.
Mr Spreckels admitted that he had paid the rent
and expenses of Mr. Heney's private law office for
a long time and that these Items amounted, to be
tween SSOO and tm a month. It was likewise ad
mitted that Mr. Sprecklels had tor • long time
paid a considerable sum to Charles V. . obh. Mr.
HeneVs partner, to whom, in pursuance of an
agreement made at the outset of the prosecution.
Mr. Spreckels is to pay $2>.0n0 more.
WIRE TAPPIXG CHARGED.
Brokers and Telegraph Officials Held
in Pittsburgh
Pitt s burg, May IS.-Test!mnny teeming to Indicate
that the alleged wire tappir .operations against
the Western Union Telegraph Company had been
goinsc on for about five years was deduced to-day
at the hearing of B B. Savior, former superin
tendent of the company, who Is alleged to be con
r.erted with the giving of Chicago Board of Trade
grain Quotations to persons who should not have
received them.
Isaac N Barto, former general wire and repeater
chtef of the Western Union company, and William
H. Smith and William 1.. Thompson, brokers, of
this city, were also arraigned on charges growing
out of the alleged wire tapping operations, and all
w*r« held M UJOtt bail. Barto did not obtain the
necessary- bond and was committed to jail.
Barto "testified for the prosecution to-day ana
told of sums of money that he and Joseph Crotzer.
ilii- foreman of th* compunv. and J. W. Price.
manager of the commercial news department, re
ceived from a Brokerage firm of this city to furnish
market quotations to the firm. . \
(rotzer testified that when several local broker*
could not get the wires from th* Chicago Board of
Trade tapped hrre they obtained the quotations
from tarred wires at Buffalo, Hammond. In<l.. and
Several n detectives from Stew York said that they
hn.l f.-illowpil Saylor end Barto to a local hotel.
w!ier»- ■■ ■■ two men met gmifh. and that the latter
handed an envelop* to Baylor.- Shortly after thi?.
th*> detecth testified. Savior s*ve Barto $:.> to be
divided among Price. Crotzer and himself.
MOTHER SEES TRUCK CRUSH BABY.
Child Walked Under Rear Wheel as She
Turned Away for a Moment.
Margaret Dillon, three years old. of No. 443 We?t
ISth street, toddled out Into the Street before- her
mother's eyes yesterday, walked Into the rear
wheel of a passing truck, was knocked down, m
over and instantly killed. Mrs. Dillon nt on the
stoop of her house while tha baby played on the
sidewalk. She turned to look at an elder bey of.
erp. who w«s playing near by. and looked back
Just in tim« to wltne»» the accident. She swooned
at the sight
A tixicab was following th© truck, and the
chauffeur placed In it the mother, •who had re
vived and was carrying the baby, and made »
quirk run to the old West 2Mh street station. Pr
Butterfield. of the New York Hospital. was called.
He paid th« child had been instantly killed. The
driver of the truck was arrested and hurried M
th» station house, lest the neighbors harm him.
HAD A FINE SET OF BURGLARS" TOOLS.
Two New Yorkers, with Police Records. Held
in Springfield, Mass.
ip r Telegraph to The Trt»mn» i
Springfield. Mass.. May It.— "OasT Palmer and
Thomas A ■Uliffr aliened burglars. with exten
siva prison records in New York State, were ar
raigned in police court to-day on the charge of
having burglars' tools In their possession. They
pleaded not guilty and were held in bail of $3.^0
each for a hearing on May 3 The men were ar
rested on suspicion last night, and the police found
In their possession the best burglars' outfit ever
captured In Springfield.
Palmer served five years in Sins; Sing for a $16,000
robbery in a pawnbroker's establishment In Di
vision street. New York. In IS» Sheedy. while
serving a ten-year sentence in Dannemora Prison
in ISK. flred three shots at his keeper in an at
tempt to escape. Private detectives from New
York came to Springfield to-day upon the estab'
115,1-iment of the Identity of the prisoners.
The Delicious Flavor of
Apollinaris Water
COMBINED WITH ITS PERSISTENT EFFERVESCENCE
And Valuable Digestive Qualities
Accounts for its
Ever Increasing Popularity
BLUNDERS OX TARIFF
Continued from first page.
nals and translated into unpronounceable Gets
man, it will return to plague him in the Ber»
lin official organs. It -win be called to hia at
tention by his chief after every visit of aa ex*
cited diplomat, and. when the campaign Is on,
he will see it emblazoned on the front paj9 c «
every Democratic sheet throughout the length
and breadth of the land. Surely he will repeat
the day when he sought to elucidate tha la
tricacies of the tariff."
One statement accompanying this table is
true. The President has taken some steps to
Inform himself regarding the extant to which
the pending tariff bill reduces the duties on
necessities, and he will be fully advised when
the time comes for him to act on the tariff
bill, but It is hardly likely that he will M « jj t
to make public the results of hi 3 investigations.
The one important branch of information which
the President desires, some reasonably accurate
data regarding the cost of production her* » B( j
abroad, it is impossible for the Treasury -xp«n*
with -their present facilities to furnish, but its
expected that defect will be remedied ':rl»r tks
provision in the Senate bill authorizing tJ>»
Executive to employ such experts a3 be nay
deem wise.
M'CLELLAX UPSTATE.
Mayor Makes Speeches to Resident!
of Corning and Bath.
Elrolra. N. T.. May 13.— Mayor M OsOH of
New York was the speaker of the evening a: Gsb
annual banquet of tha Coming Business Mm
Association, held toll evening In Corning. Fcraer
State Senator William J. Tullr. of Corning. «nd
Thomas Csissmlj of Perm Van, also delivered id
dresses.
Mayor McClelian said
It is exceedingly gratifying to me to come ta
Corning, especially as It is the home of ray Cried,
Senator Tufty. Although the Senator and I are po
litically opposed, during the entire time that ha was
in the Senate we worked constantly and earnestly
together in what we believed to be the best Inter
ests of the people of New York. He is »m of tiwss
men who is first a partisan, but last sad all the
time a public epirited and an able cirizen.
In my part of the state, when Cornin? is rsia
tioned the average man exclaims: 'That is the
place where Heyniger and the c\iz glass coda
from." Every on* of the thirty thousand fass
who. at the Polo Grounds last June, saw vr.^«.
by his coolness and pluck, turn a defeat into a vic
tory for his aim mater felt a tfcriii of prida a
that manly «on of Corning and Princeton.
The last time I ran for Mayor I made what I
believed was a record . to delivering eigitry-fosr
speeches and addresses to aL.out orje hundred
thousand people. Assuming that air of then were
voters, and they wen not. I succeeded in s?«i»-
Ing to only.a.bout a sixth of the entire electorate.
I vent to say that t!ie Mayor of r-ornms '» »•>
tonally known to a majority «■>* his -■•.•»-•;
and certainly known by sight to ML
This characteristic of tlie small community las
made it politically a mr.st uncertain quantity, as S3
people decline to swallow a ticket who!*, witnout
question, and refuse to be satisried with merely ths
approval of the boss or th» hall mark of the ma
chine. The small community has become the de
spair of the politicians.
The small community, depending a? it does uyro
the individual effort and work of even- one of it»
component parts, Is the living and breathing proof.
of God's truth— that Go<l ■ i\-> mar. in His owa
Image, to stand upon his own reef and do his d"ty
with all his ml*ht; to work out his own salvation
in hi.-» own way. in accordance wlrh the oppor
tunity and the cxace that O1 in H:s infinite wis
dom and mercy- has given him.
Earlier In the day Mayor UeCleDao addressed tfse
residents of Bath at the Soldiers' and Sailors*
Home. He said:
As the son of a veteran, it is a very great privi
lege to be permitted to speak to you. »ho *•»•
my father's comrades, who loved a.nd honored aim
and whom he loved and honored. ,
We whs were born aft the close of the Cmi
■War. we for whom you (otisnl that war. we wa»
but for you would not have received ac= «»r infcfri
tance the blessings of a reunited and a happy coun
try. we have for you an inier.se frvling or lovin,
pride, for we feel that you belong f> U3. your " -*•
even more than we ': --•' - to you. our fathers. „
The spirit of '61 i? as much needed to-day as it **•
in th* lustrum which was yours. The r--"P' ° f J-»
nation Is in the Innate spirit of conservatism «s «
is bred in the bone »•>( th« American pwpte •"■j
we have inherited from jroa and wVteh every cnect
you has constantly, either consciously _. Ullt ,T
sciously. been preacliinc er«r since I>"*> Tne J=>
ruls* toward censers wbfch «a' siven r- , _"?!
country by the comMn-d effort of in « il? I f, ur l t ln;
ct the" Civil War was so r<-at that it wi!l 1 "25SJ
as long as the mem- of its authors is ?rjnss
in the hems of our r^F 1 * ««r«
The great* victory .cHlrred M- tb* «**£*££
the blue and the man who wore Uta gr» *" 5^
In conquering the other, cut In wnaaaJy^MJg
and we hold math; '™ in - ™r~^ .-,--•
the men who wore the blu# .nnd the m*fl i »■_•*_ „
the gr«y. not orlv that ' " v tmtshr •jJ/ggS
but that, after the -.moke nt **«si"s* ft^Ts
they went home and llvd and worked B» v ™
rlple .
TWO YEAR-OLD GIFL FUN OVSS-
Frantic Father Threatens to Kill Ting* Drrf«»
Who In Saved by the Keserve*
Florence- Deasee two yean old. was **•**£?
font of b-r home, at N*o » Flushin? "*™* Br^
I— yesterday afternoon when a s " rrW " , jM f
by d-orge Sn-decker. of No IS Xrash!n^ C! L!^:
Manhattan, came .lonr The driver Thomas
Hoary. who lives at No V.l Sand- itreet *r<**^.
did not s« the child until sh* was almost um^
the horses- hoof? He dropped the " iri **"l*Z
out on the pole, but f.lltd In a frantic •'- t *?* %i
«natch the child from the «round. e*S»s •*•
fallen in her fright, directly In front of the
preaching truck. _w^»u r*s
Th- horses stepped on her an* J, wrt
over the little body, but she M «<« die '£"'',
hours Tatar. in the Cumberland Street « os^
The child's father. Antonio, say ™ « gtr er%
from a window and rushed «2i*K?53S3
threaten* to kill Hoary. Several of MM £
men joined him and the *£*>£ £?„**
midst of . hostile, crowd. His pug" r^JSS
by Mounted Patrolman Marshall, of tne_ frfim
avenue station. He summoned the r*^"^
that station and they arrived la time ta _P
serious injury to Hoary. H# was lacH** *?•

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