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New-York tribune. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924, June 14, 1909, Image 6

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ACADEMY OF MUSlC— R— Twelfth Ni*ht Mi Tasilai of
Hthe Ehrevr. ■ _■ ,
AEKIAL GARDENS— 4 :3ft— The Boy and th« Girl.
AUI A HER A — 2— S — Vaudeville .
ASTOR — 6:15 — The JUr. :"rorn Home.
BSI<A£CO- - 16— Going Boms.
— B:3O— A GfEtleman Iran sJissi!!lr-F"-
EPXiADWAT— S:IS— T.ie Mldrlght Sons.
CAtINO — B:1V Hnn*. ,
COVET IfLANTt-Dresmiuid. LOC* Pstk.
ZiAVYS— S:IS— The Cl'ixax.
SD^N IICHEE— Tb* World in Wai.
EMPIRE- i :3<"t— Th- Mol'.usc
O4.IETY— S:3"— ZY.t Home »xt r»eor.
GaKßlCK— *:2f>— Th» Man Wvn Mexico.
KAMSIERSTEINS— 2:ir.— Vauderti'.e.
HERALD EQUABE— f:tt— Tb« Beauty Spot-
HT"r>«-'H T "r>«-' S:1S — The Third D-ct<h-
JABDIX DE PAKIS-«:»— FoiUej o: l&G.
MAX] ELLIOTTS — 6:13 — The B!ue Mous<"
WIBEB -- v ; - 5 — The Girl fro*" Rectors-
fmlor to Advertisement*.
Pare. Co!, i Page Col
Arrcrerrents 12 6 Marria res and Deaths . »-«
BusIJWS? Chances... S* 7 O-.^an Steamer? 9 <
Cwpet Clearing..-- 9 ' \ rropos-als 11 3-4
Qjrpei ■ ■ i " «
ggsrS : j«g I i
r^sh.«S nous-, to s^^r^^^piion ' '
8&^ ted .".-.::: 1? II wc%'V»t««: :::::: , 5
XtxoQxrrk Snilr crilnnu.
UOXDAT. jrXE 14. 1908.
This wirspapcr is owned and published by
Tkf Tribune Association, a yew York- corpora
tion: oflirc and principal place of business.
Tribune Building, No. LU Nassau street. New
York;' Os4m JJW.e. president; nenry W.
Kackett. secretary; James }I. Barrett, treasurer.
The address of the officers Is the office of this
FOREIGN. — Del of the mutiny of the sec
ond company of native constabulary at Davao.
Mindanao, said teat the Americans, after the
quarters were tak^n. rallied in a church and re
pulsed the attack of the mutineers, who fled
when aid arrived. ===== All hope of saving the
twenty men who -vent down -with the Russian
submarine Kamnaia ha? been abandoned: '- v '" l
divers lo?t their lives in attempts at rescue.
- - "~ Twelve Turk:- battalions repulsed the
attack of ten thousand Albanians at Djakovitch.
In Northern Albania ===== Five thousand per
sons are said to have been killed by tribesmen
in Sfortbwest Persia, and Russian aid has been
csktd = Fifteen Japanese strike leaders
-*-ere held for trial at Honolulu, twelve of them
for conspiring to riot and three for conspiracy
to rourdtr. — The German Emperor will out
line Germany's desire for Great Britain's friend
ship in .1 speech to-day to English clergymen
visiting Berlin. - ■— Liberia. according to dis
patches received from Monrovia, feeis aggrieved
over the personnel of the American commission.
the failure to send a larger force of warships and
the failure to make definite replies to the re
public demand? — ■ — Advices from Cuba Bay
that the financial troubles of the island have
b«*r. exaggerated in "Washington, though the
Conservatives threaten to block th* passage of
**■(■ budget x
DOMESTIC — The Senate Finance Committee
held a meeting at "Washington, at which many
Changes in phraseology in the tariff bill were
isade. ■ It -was saic* at Washington that the
battleship Michigan, which grounded off Cape
Cod- on Friday, was not seriously damaged.
_■ ■ ■_ Funeral "sen-ices of the Rev. Dr. Edward
Everett Kale were held in two churches in Bos
ton; thousands viewed the body as it lay in
Hate. = The principal speakers at the tblrty
tixth annual conference of charities and correc
tions at Buffalo were A. J. McKehvay. of At
lanta, and Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, of New York.
•';. .: .An Italian v.as fatally stabbed by a coun
tryman in the streets of Buffalo because he
■would not pay a debt of one dollar. = Pro
fessor Herman S. Hering. in a speech in Spring
field. Mass.. asserted that Mrs. Eddy is in fact
as in huh the head of the Christian Science
Church. : A corporal in the regular army
stationed at Dcs Moines. lowa, shot and prob
ably xataJly injured his captain and a non-com
missioned officer and wounded another non-com
inissiened man.
CITY. — Parents of Beatrice Marks, a Bronx
jrxrl missing from h*;r home for two weeks, asked
the police of New York. Albany and Chicago to
search for her on the theory that she had been
kidnapped. = President Woodrow Wilson de
livered the buccr. laureate- sermon to the graduat
ing class at Princeton University. ===== Many
aeroplanes, that of Glenn 11. Curtiss among
them, -were on view at Morris Park. = The
jrovernment may sue to dissolve the American
Sugar Refining Company. . The order Brith
Abraham began the celebration of its golden
jubilee. == The Democratic Union announced
that it would nam? candidates for all judiciary
office.- in the county n.-xt fall. • = The com
mittee of one hundred to get independent nomi
nations ""."ill be named at a mass meeting on
Wednesday night, it was announced. —
Joseph Goldstein, a Brooklyn real estate and in
surance broker, said h* would bring suit for
525.000 for alleged police persecution. = The
Federation of Zionists debated several plans for
colonizing Palestine. It was announced
that Yale alumni, led by President Taft. would
seek to erect a permanent m^-m^rial at Yale to
the Yale men who died In the Civil War. r==
A heavy rainfall inundated the Manhattan ap
proach of the Brooklyn Bridge. == Youthful
rowdies assault th<"- conductor of a Bergen
Beach car bound for .Manhattan and terrified the
•women passengers.
THE WEATHER.— lndications for to-day:
Showers. The temperature yesterday: Highest,
73'degTees; lowest, 64.
.4.V IXTEie: :!!•■•■ XL PATEXT CODE.
Td view cf the source from which It ema
liated, a remarkable opinion has recently l»een
tKjptwssed regarding that clause of the ne.v Brit
ish patent law which provides for the revocation
of foreign patents under certain conditions. In
as address to one of the sections of the Con
gress of Chemists in London, over which he
presided, the Lord Chief Justice said that he
deeioed the legislation iv question "a step in
tic wrong direction." lie was disposed to think
tict such a law would tend to deprive the world
of knowledge it- would otherwise obtain from
the patenting of inventions and would lead to
t!;e adoption of secret processes in industry. The
distinguished speaker thinks that a difference
ia.tlie rules of different countries is undesirable,
and hence he advocates efforts to secure ■•an ap
"l<roxiu>ation to an International code by <;reat
"Britain. Germany. France and the I'nited
"States for the protection of inventions."
- The second of thes* suggestions is an excel
lent one. \Yh:itever uncertainty may exist con
cerning the specific points on which an agree
njssjt sb old In sought, there cannot be much
doubt that a general similarity in the patent
systems of tlie principal manufacturing coun
tries of the world would be a good thing. More
o-cr. it is not altogether unlikely that if uni
formity is cot brought .-ibour by friendly confer
ence it will b<+ through less agreeable . -vies.
For icstaace. the Ways and Means Committee of
the House of Representatives wished to embody
!a;. the new tariff law a clause providing that
tiie citizens of any coundry which should place
restrictions on American patents unlike thoso
Imposed by the L"mt*l States should be sub
jected to correspond] ui: limitations of iheir privi
lescrbere. Tfce clause was stricken cut by the
House, because if there is to i»e legislation of the
lr!ad proposed a separate bill ■■■ems preferable.
Besides, considera rlon must be given to existing
treaty rights, and the admiuistration may regard
tie darter as worth. <;f diplomatic discussion.
TLere remains, however, a possibility thai Con
rress tvjji craii yet resort to retaliatory rueas
tars, awl an excellent reason is thus afforded
fcr>e^t:ing to accomplish the object In view by
uV'*.o *iß!able n-.etnods.
A resolution was edepted by the law section
d tie Oassfess of Chemists recommending „,„..
tSJCTIStazi of a p'atj by which ctftobtfeture la
cr.tf *<y»uiitry 'oe:r.r.g:::g to a prospective nilon
fciouJiJ afford j>rotec:;oa to a paten: la th?
others. This is a cautious utterance on a
single question by the representatives of one im
portant industry, if other organizations which
can speak with authority for lar^e business in
terests likely to be affected by patent legislation
would in like manner define and express their
-eutiments such action might prove useful in
• ;any ways. It would serve to show whether or
not there was practical unanimity regarding the
revocation of patents, and on what additional
-!o*>tr accord was needed.
Information came from Albany a few days
ago that Senator Meade, chairman of the direct
Dominations 'investigating"' committee, had ar
ranged to obiain all the material on the subject
available in the Stafe Library. The State Li
brary is an institution unusually well equipped
in that respect. It has^ reports, statistics, fest
books, opinions and even newspapers, quite
enocgn for months of careful study. Thus bav
in- made sure of a "base of supplies.- like a
prudent general, the chairman apparently felt
entirely at liberty to arrange a pleasant summer
and autumn outing for himself and his asso
ciates. It will cost the state .$15.00(1. to be sure.
Perhaps, like the <assidy committee which con
sidered the tangled finances of this city, the
primaries committee may even return to the
Legislature for a second appropriation. But
what of that? A report showing the failures
and the fallacies of direct nominations will be
crorth whatever it may cost, and the gentlemen
in control of the financial committees of the Leg
islature ardently desire to see such a report.
There are others in the state who may be in
clined to cavil. We remember thai Senator
Davenport, who refused to serve on the com
mittee, remarked: "I IB on record in the Sen
tate In opposition to the appointment of this
"cooimisstoo on the ground that all the informa
•rinn needed by anybody has either been
"gathered already or is easily accessible I
"think still that the proposed investigation is a
"waste of public funds '"
lr i> to lie hoped that the legislators will en
ioy the change of scene and profit from their
trip in an increased breadth of view, which
travel is supposed to impart. It is to be hoped,
likewise, that they will study diligently the
nnsv of information awaiting them in the State
Library ar Albany.
The physical condition of tbe students at the
Naval Academy has of late excited no little
official uneasin^s?. Several men who are other
wise entitled to receive commissions have
proved so deficient in This respect that they
must seek occupation elsewhere than in the
naval service. The discovery naturally causes
disappointment to the men themselves and to the
government. Already the matter has been con
| sidered by a board convened by Captain Badger,
who is about to retire from the post of super
: mtendent of the Naval Academy, but a choice
i of remedies will apparently be one of the most
important duties of his successor. Captain
Friends of the midshipmen who have b^n
unable to pass the final physical examination
have been inclined to believe that there has
. in^D something in the course of study and daily
| life at the academy which has brought about
the unfortunate result. The officers whoso ad
vj,.p Captain Itndger sought recommended that
the men take m->re exercise, and the retiring
superintendent himself now thinks that the
question is how to strike a proper balance be
tween tbe necessary amount of recreation and
exercise on the one hand and mental work on
the other. -Just how to appls the principle in
■ detail wi'.l evidently be a problem for Captain
Bowyer to solve.
If it should be feasible to compare the daily
routine at Annapolis with that of naval acad*
i ernies in other countries, perhaps useful sngges
tions might lie obtained. Bach differences and
similarities of usage as might be revealed by
: an inquiry of this sort would be the nior*> in
structive if the Investigation Included results as
well ns methods. If in foreign naval schools
: any considerable percentage of students are un
able to meet ihe government's physical require*
, ments. the difficulty to be overcome may be
more obscure than has been suspt rted If. on
. the other hand, failure to reach these standards
is exceptional in other countries, a reasonably
dose conformity to their division of mental
■ work and physical exercise might prove profit
able here.
The question of Cuba's responsibility for a
portion of the Spanish public debt is reported
to have been raised again, at Madrid <<r else
where. We should doubt if any well informed
statesman or financier regarded seriously any
proposal to attempt the collection of such debt
from Cuba, or even to charge against that isl
and either legal or moral accountability for it.
l!' any should do so. we should commend to him
■ thongfatfnl perusal of the record of the ttego-
Uati us ;it Paris in the fall of 1896 which re
sulted in the making of a treaty of peace be
tween Spain and the United States.
At almost the beginning of those negotiations,
on October 3, In an annex to Protocol 2. tbe
American commissioners proposed as a part
of the impending treaty the following article:
• The government of Spain hereby relinquishes
all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba."
On October 7. in an annex to Protocol 3, the
Spanish commissioners moved to amend this
by providing that Spain should nor merely re
linquish, sovereignty over Cuba, but should also
"transfer it to the United states," and that
iliere should also be thus transferred "all
"charges and obligations of every kind . . .
'which the Crown of Spain and her authorities
■"in the island of Cuba may have contracted
•lawfully in the exercise of the authority hereby
'■relinquished. " To this the American com
missioners, ou October 11, in an annex to Proto
col 4. replied that this appeared to be In sub
stance a proposition to transfer to the United
states and. In turn, to Cuba a mass of Spanish
charges and obligations. They added that if. iv
the preliminary negotiations looking to the con
ference, Spain had proposed such a stipulation,
"the proposal, unless abandoned, would have
terminated the negotiations." They therefore
positively declined to accent that proposal. The
Spanish commissioners, however, continued dis
cussion of the ESbJect, aD( I the American com
missioners, in consequence, made an elaborate
argument demonstrating the fact that the in
debtedness in question had been Incurred by
Spain, on her sole responsibility, for her own
benefit, and that in no legal or moral sense was
it chargeable against Cuba.
The Spanish commissioners, on October ■_'<">.
in an annex to Protocol 9. amended their pro
posal by making it apply to only such part of
the Spanish debt as should, by an impartial
commission, be "adjudged according to strict
law and undeniable equity" to belong properly
and sppritically to Cuba. The next day. in au
annex to Protocol 10, the American commis
sioners refused to accept this proposal. IMs
ruMlon was thereafter tamed chiefly to the dis
position of the Philippines and other matters,
though the debt question occasionally reap
peared. At last, on November 22. in reply to an
inquiry by their Spanish colleagues, the Amer
ican commissioners, in an annex to Protocol
TO. recalled that they bad in the conferences
"repeatedly declared that they would not ac
vppt any articles that required the United
"Stares to assume the so-called colonial debts
"of Spain." In another annex the Spanish
commissioners tho next day begged the Amer
ican* |o consider m proposal to "submit to an
"arbitral tribunal what are the debts and ob
lonss of a colonial character which should
■>)>s -with the Islands." To this, on November
22, lc- another aancx to the same protocol, tbe
American commissioners rpplied that they had
maturely considered the hist proposal and had
communicated it to their government at Wash
ington; and that the answer of that jr.ivern
iuent instructed them to adhere to the preposi
tion which they had already submittnl OQ
October 3. With this was coupled an intimation
that further attempt to discuss the matter would
be vain. The result wit that on December U\
as an annex to Protocol 22. the treaty of peace
was sljrned with its first article in precisely the
form prescribed by the American commission
ers «t the beginning of the negotiations and
without the slightest concession, expressed or
implied, to the Spanish request for ■ tn nsfer
of Indebtedness along with relinqmsliinent of
sovereignty. In view of that. M does noi seem
probable that nny claim of the kind which 1s
now roportr-d will prove to be worth nv>r< than
the paper on which it is written.
A typical example of zeal outrunning discre
tion or information Is afforded by the Hoard of
Trade of the neighboring city of Newark in its
omnibus condemnation of "government bj com
mission" and its demand thai public commis
sions which are now performing administrative
functions of government shall be abolished or
shall be composed of public spirited men of high
character who will b<! willing to serve the state
without salaries. The aim of the authors of
this manifesto jr. apparently not so much to re
model the system of administration as to reduce
the expenses of government by fretting rid of
official salaries.
There has no doubt been in New Jersey, as in
New York and elsewhere, some abuse of the
commission system. But there are commissions
and commissions. For the Legislature to create
a special and temporary commission to do work
which Its own members ought to do. or which
other existing state or municipal officers ought
to do, and which the constitution and laws in
tend they shall do, is undoubtedly an evil. It
would be an evil even If the commission were
unpaid, because It would be an Improper shirk
big Of duty: an.] when salaries are paid, as
they generally are. it is a still greater evil. But
it is an entirely different thing for the legislat
ure or the Governor to designate officials to
perform permanent and essential functions of
government under the convenient title <■■ com
mission or commissioners. Many of the most
important heads of departments or of bureaus
in the federal, state and municipal governments
are officially styled commissioners. There are
commissioners of education, of insurance, of
banking, of water supply: tire commissioners,
police commissioners, sinking fund commission
ers and many other?. It is simply ridiculous for
anybody to urge that all these places should be
abolished or that their Incumbents should be
required to serve without pay simply because
they boar the name of commissions. Yet that Is
apparently just what the Newark Board of
Trade means, for it specifies for such treatment
various commissions of precisely those kinds —
hard working, permanent and indispensable de
partments of government.
As for the suggestion th.°f many departments
of government should be administered by men
servinp without pay. it seems to be particularly
infelicitous in view of the fact thai recrat In
vestigations In New Jersey have disclosed t!ie
circumstance that such service is just about a*
likely to be weak find poor as any In the state.
Institutions directed by unpaid boards of public
spirited men of high character have boon found
to be marked with gross Irregularities id scan
dalous abases. That hi not, of course, uni
versally the case; perhaps not general!] Some
unpaid boards perform their work with scrupu
lous devotion and high ability. Rut then Is no
more assurance tnat they will do so than there
Is th.it paid commissioners will always do their
duty. And in general the reasonable presump
tion is that public work, like any other, la best
to be done by employing for the purpose persons
of ascertained character and ability and paying
them salaries commensurate with their deserts.
The somewhat startling records of decline In
the Prussian birth rate appear to give addi
tional confirmation to the theory that Tier.- is
some systematic correspondence between the
movements of birth rates and of death ra'«-s, in
stead of the contrast which sot might expect.
It might. Indeed, naturally be supposed that at
least some of the conditions which prom the
physical wellbeing of the people tnd thus lower
the death rate would tend toward an Increase,
or at least a maintenance, of the birth rate, and
that, on the other hand, some of the conditions
of physical and other deterioration \rhi<-h result
In a decreased birth rate would lessen the te
nacity of" life and increase the death rate. The
general testimony of the world and th« very
marked special testimony of several of Its fore
most countries and most of its great cities is.
however, to the contrary. The rule seems to be
that where the birth rate la high the death rate
als<- is high, and that where sanitary science
and efficient administration lower the death rate
there is ■ corresponding decline of the birth
This has long been notably the case tn France,
where probably more than in any other country
of Hie world the resources of civilization have
been effectively employed for decreasing the in
fantile death rat-- to ;; minimum, and where the
birth rate Ims a* the same time so declined as
to provoke some persons to t;>n< rashly of the
"decadence" of the race. In England tin death
rate ij.i> been greatly diminished and there has
now arisen much complaint of the dedii f the
birth rate. Her,- in .\ew rork the processes are
not n marked, yet with the gratifying ctimlnu
tton <>f the deato rate which lias been effected
in recent years there is said to have o>vurred
some decline of the birth rate at ie;tst n that
part of the population which is of nat re an
cestry, in the great cities of the Unite* King
dom there Is an Impressive parallel between the
two rates. Thus, in London and Bradford the
low death rates of 14.6 and H> are accom
panied by the low birth rates of '-■">. •'. .-'.nd '_'•»,
while in Liverpool the higher death ratea of
"!!♦ and 17.1 are accompanied !>.\ the higher
birth rales of 31.8 and 30.9. So we may con
trast Edinburgh, with death mte and birth
rate, of n;.'J and 21.7, with Glasgow, with is.,".
and-L'S..'!, respectively. The same rule boMa good
elsewhere. Alexandria and Cairo have the ap
palling death rates of 35.1 and 37.8, and corre
spondingly the bigh birth rates of :!7.7 and 42.(1,
while Amsterdam and Hamburg have the lower
death rates of 13.4 and 14. s and also th.> lower
birth ratOH of 2&5 and 20J2. It the cntrast
between these two pairs of cities should be ac
counted for by tlie liifferences In climnte and
race, the two northern cities of Stockholm and
St. Petersburg may be taken as affording ■ very
fair, and therefore convincing, comparison be
cause of their similarity in natural conditions.
Stockholm has both rates low. 1&9 and L' 1..1, re
spectively, while St. Petersburg has both high,
*_'4.7 and 30.4. Similar exainpl"s might mul
tiplied almost indefinitely. And now eoaae the
vital statisti<:-s of the chief part of the German
Umpire with striking testimony to tfct> saniH
<ff C(M .
The death rate in Prussia in ifMVT vas the
lowest on record, and so was the birth rate
That fad might perhaps be regarded at acci
dental or as due to some special and tct morary
circumstances, were it not shown to be merely
a part of a process which has been In continuous
operation for years. Tbus, iv ICX>* the birth
rate was 3504; in 10f>5 it fell to 33.77; in 1908
there was a slight recovery to 84, and in IfM)T
there was a farther fnll to only 3&2& In the
city of Berlin in the last named year If was only
24.5 ft. and in every province of the kiagdoa ex
cepting live, in !he extreme east and west, the
birth rate was much below the average Iv rhe
whole empire Uie year's increase of population
due to the excess of births over deaths wasprob
ably not mpre than DOO.OOO. and it would have
been much less than that had it not been for
the gratifying reduction of the death rate, which
in the city of Berlin was only ir>.«2.
Physiological philosophers may explain 'bis
correspondence between birth rate and death
rate, if it really does exist, on grounds which
will not make "it cause for regret It may be
that some subtle but masterful :aw of nature
Compels this correlation of processes in order to
prevent cither depopulation or overpopulation,
on a principle similar to that which Increases
the fecundity of the smaller and weaker animals
and decreases that of the larger and stronger.
If so. while it is probably an inevitable and ir
resistible law. we may also rejr\rd It as on the
whole beneficent. For assuredly, so lone as
(here is a reasonable excess of hirths over
deaths, it is better to have both rates low thnn
both high. It Is better to have few children born
and to hnve them grow to maturity and survive
to old age than to have many bnrn only to die
In infancy.
Though stock market trading continues active,
n more conservative tendency is noted among
speculators, and as a consequence price move
ments are held within reasonable bounds, with
the best purchases In the standard rails and in
railway mortgage issues. In the last week there
was a largo amount of profit taking in all parts
of the share list, and while sales were made at
high figures the character of the buying sug
gested a belief in banking circles of ultimately
better levels for all securities, especially for
the issues of the most prominent railroad and
industrial corporations. Fortunately, the lead
ing interests are endeavoring to discourage the.
sort of speculation that always ends in serious
market demoralization, their efforts being cen
tred on a policy that seeks to bring about the
stability that strengthens confidence in invest
ment and business circles in our industrial f^nd
financial affairs. Capital Is moving into new
securities in a manner -most encouraging to the
corporations that require funds for better
ments and improvements, investment operations
of this sort reflecting greater willingness on the.
part of foreign money to find an outlet in this
country. The leading railroad shares closed
the week at an average price of 128.30, against
128.21 in the preceding week, and the chief in
dustrials at 94, a loss of 4'>.
Money continues in abundant supply at low
rates, but the development of a higher price
for accommodation must be looked for at no re
mote time, owing to the enormous expansion
that already has taken place in bank loans and
to the approach of the period when crop and
business demands will become a more Impor
tant factor in th" market. Time maturities
show a firmer tendency, and commercial paper
Is stronger. Call funds are more susceptible to
stock market requirements, and for the rest
of the season are likely to show a gradually
hardening tone, especially around the end of
the current fiscal year, when our financial in
stitutions will be called upon to handle enor
mous Interest ami dividend payments. The in
terior is sending currency to this centre in vol
ume, and the extent of the movement which
has been under way for many weeks Is a safe
Indication that withdrawals of out-of-town
bank balances will be equally active when
the me arrives tor the financing of the. har
vests and general fall trade requirements,
pearer discounts in London have affected lons
sterling here, while the offering of finance bills
and a somewhat better supply of commercial
exchange, together with strength in the Paris
cheque on London, have removed the possibility
of further gold exports from •' -.v York to the
French capital, for th« present at least.
Factors that measure trade conditions ire In
favor of material progress in our business af
fairs throughout the summer months, nd fore
shadow the return of normal times in ail in
dustries much -urller than was thought possible
a few weeks ago. Bank exchanges last week
showed an Increase over the same period In
190S of 57 per cent and »•» M per cent larger
than In 1906. The gain, while reflecting the great
activity in the speculative markets, also Indi
cat"d general Industrial growth, as outside of
speculative centres an increase In the payments
through clearing houses of about 22 per cent
was reported. Railroad earnings for the- last
week in May were 16 i^r cent greater than In
the corresponding time last year, but showed a
loss from that me In 1907, when the transpor
tation business was unusually heavy, the record
for 1909 being noteworthy, however, as it pre
sented marked improvement over tbe preceding
weeks since January 1. The market for Iron
and steel supplies adequate reason for the opti
mism that Is found In metal circles, while the
same thing may be said of copper, the May pro
duction fi*ur< - of which t.il of a continued
heavy output with •> most substantial increase
in the demand from consumers ;it home and
abroad. Pig Iron production was heavier in
May than In any month since October, 1907. and
demand was active at firm prices. Steel ralis
and new equipment aro being ordered by the
railroads in larger volume than at any time this
year, with prompt deliveries requested. Build-
Ing operations are heavy.
In the cotton goods market actual transac
tions are more active. Lars* operations are
reported for the account of Jobbers, an.l in
heavy lines prices are higher. In print cloths
demand la better and distribution from drat
hands has proceeded at a rate that has brought
about a material reduction In stocks. In most
departments of the drygoods market consumers
show a desire to place orders at once, in the
belief that quotations will move to a better level
before the autumn. Speculation In cotton fut
ures Is on a lighter scale, with price fluctua
tions narrow, the liquidation recently under way
having failed to establish values on a substan
tially lower range. in the best Informed cotton,
circles dearer figures are looked for as the sea
son advances, owing more to the expected in
creased activity In the spot markets and to the
Indications that point to an enormous world
consumption than to the possibility of a low
yield on the new crop. Exports of cotton aro
Increasing, the shipments for the month of May
showing a gain in value of $9,'.:i3.G67 over tho
same month In 1903.
Government crop figures giving conditions as
of May l do not Indicate a bumper winter wheat
harvest, but the acreage and current growth of
spring wheat foreshadow a normal yield, while
the record breaking acreage planted In the corn
belt suggests an enormous return in the event
of favorable weather throughout the summer
months. Speculators In wheat are not enjoying
the success on the bull side that marked their
operations earlier In the spring, the tendency
of prices exhibiting a heaviness that reflects
better climatic conditions In the wheat section
of the country- and prospects of an early move
ment of the new crop. Easier prices for wheat
futures have not affected the market for flour,
millers last week paying the highest figures of
the year for cash wheat, which, of course, has
prevented any shading in quotations to consum
ers. In the market for leather prices remain
firm. and buying is more active as a conse
quence of an important Influx of new orders
for boots and shoes.
It Is Inconceivable that any such proportion
Of the school children of New York City as Dr.
MaeNiehol! asserts should be addicted to th>s
use of alcoholic drinks. However ill behaved
the pupils of the public schools of the city may
he — and properly to discipline the mingled chil
dren of man} races, as is necessary In New York.
la no easy task at the, best— it is grotesque ex
travagance to say that "conditions in the New
"York public schools rival those of ancient
"Sodom." It cannot be denied, however, that in
one respect, at least, there Is room for improve
ment. It is not an uncommon thing for parents
to offer beer to children barely able to walk,
and by the time these children are large enough
to run around the corner for a pail of beer they
can drink, and expect to drink, their share of the
supply. I'ninteilierent parents are pron» to lo S "
sight of the fa.-t that a grown person mny do
with Impunity what cannot bo done by a child
without danger ol serlona consequent *.
Of thirty-two propositions before the voters of
Portland, Ore., under the initiative and refer
endum system, thirteen were carried in the re
cent city election. Although a Mayor was
elected, the vote was very light. Perhaps voter 3
stayed away from the polls rather than face
those thirty-two ordinances and amendments on
which they were asked to vote. An election In
Oregon must be a dreadful bore.
Boston's charter has been sisrned by the Gov
ernor of Massachusetts. This Is fortunate, for
It marks a step forward in charter making, and
the cities of this country must learn from each
others' experiences and experiment." what Is the
solution of th» municipal government problem.
Prom the builders of th<* battleship Michigan
the government demanded that she should be
able to maintain a speed of mi knots. Her
average for four hours during one of her trials
last week was nearly 19 knots. Other American
war vessels have exceeded contract require
ments by half a knot or even more, but such
an excess Is not of frequent occurrence. The
special distinction of this, battleship, however,
is that she Is the first built for the United
States to have a main battery consisting of
guns of a single calibre. If the sister ship, th"
South Carolina, now nearly completed, proves
equally fa.st, the country will possess a pretty
fine pair of Dreadnoughts.
A consular report from Nantes says that a
considerable proportion of French sardines are
packed In cottonseed oil. Why should any one
object to the practice? If the fish are rfectly
wholesome to begin with, and the boxes are
properly closed, no harm can come to the oil.
Th* Venezuelan Congress! may censure Mr.
Paul, and the government may dismiss him from
Its service, for his action In seeking for Venez
uela the protection of American wars.hips at an
important crisis, but the world will continue to
believe that in that he did an uncommonly good
thing for his country. He saved it from possible
anarchy, and he did not compromise its dignity
or Independence.
If the question will not be Interpreted as a
sign of Incredulity, we should like to ask over
how wide an area hail was deposited by a storm
in Virginia to "a depth of two feel or more."
A divorce commissioner. wh"«e duty it would b«
to probe aC applications for divorces, is advocated
by Judge Albert C Barnes as one of the remedies
by which Chicago rirr v 't escape the Innuendo of
being a convenient city in which to obtain decrees.
Judge Barnes's plan, says "The Chicago Xev.s,"'
"wou'ri Rive the people of the state representation
In divorce cases, either through a special assistant
state's attorney or a divorce commissioner. It
would make It difficult to perpetrate fraud such as
Is alleged by Mrs. Grace B. Gugsrenhelm. who is
seeking to obtain the annulment of a divorce
granted her by former Judge Edward F. Dunne in
1301. which she a«sert-« was obtained through col
That's Skinner's wife." said Gauastp "They
say she dMn't have a very good me when be
married her."
"WelL he seems to thlr.k It's '■•.-•.- c- ' now."
replied Wise.
"Yes; be** put all h'« property In It." — Catholic
Standard and noes.
in this land cf the free, where every citizen Is
proclaimed in stump speeches nnd even in mere
<i!f:n!f:e,l addresses as a sovereign, titles of foreign
monarch* are supposed, theoretically, to be of in
different significance. Yet ':: no placo Is th*r* a
more delicate consideration and solicitude shosvn for
the proper and exact lies i£nut lon of the ruler of a
monarchy than In our own bureau of naturalization
In the Department of Commerce and Labor. For
instance, a native of Austria who want to vote
for a lVesldent of tbe United States forswears
allegiance to Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria,
but your prospective voter from Iludapest or any
other place in the length and breadth of Huntriry
protests his wlUlngnesa to give up fealty to Frir.cis
Joseph. Apostolic Klr.K of Hungary. The orCßnary
Hungarian la particular about emphasizinK this dts-
Unction, but do more so ... director of th«
naturalization bureau in Washington. Englishman^
Irishman, Scotchman or Welshman who wants to
t-eoome a citizen forsakes the sovereignty of Edward
VII. King of Great Britain and Ireland; so do the
would-be Americans from Ilarbados or Canada or
New Zealand or Australia; but when Bhicajl Fran.:!
Halsara. the Pnrsee. who first saw the light in
Bombay and who was made a full citizen of the
United Stales about a month ago. toolc his oath
before Judge LaeomJ>e in the United States Circuit
Court It was allegiance to Edward VII. Emperor
of India, "especially among all foreign princes and
potentates." that be renounced.
"Gimme some of that prime pie."
"Son you've had two kinds of pie already.*"
"Then another kind won't matter There's only
one kind of stomach ache." I^uisville Courier-
Jacob Gordln. the Yiddish playwright ar.d the
creator of the higher Jargon drama in this coun
try, who died last week, prided himself on his
ability to "adapt," but he never translated* When
he was told at the public dress rehearsal of his
"God. Man and the Devil" that with Its prologue
In heaven and the adventures of the hero, it was
much like "Faust." he said: "1 took the Meal
from Goethe, with the same right that he took it
before me. from the Hook of Job." Of all his
plays he was most partial to "Queen 1.-.ih.' - which
bears BO relation to "King Lear," except that it
deals with filial Ingratitude. Judith Herz. in an
article published In "The New Era Magazine" some
years ago, said: "More than on.» man has gone
from the theatre after this play to his home to
write with tears to his neglected 'old people' across
tho water." lie al3o bad a great affection for
'•The Oath," an adaptation, of Hauptmann's "Fuhr
mann llenschel." and "The Slaughter." in which
the evils of marriage for money are shown.
"The Rev. Mr. Hustler's church Is certainly up to
"Indeed! How?"
"Why. he calls his ipsppr services matinee*, arri
the nebon take up the collection with i-.i
lsters."- Boston Transcript.
From The Kennchfc Journal.
A tni-.k car of 163 bMTlll of cottnnsred oil
recently shipped fr-mi X. -mucky for the Beacoast
Canning Company is said to have arrived at k.!st
port thla week in kpo,i condition. This being t' lfl
first attempt t.-> shij-> oil Knst In other than l-.irr-*i
parkagiMr. the experiment was awaited with saueh
From The Washington Post.
A ■ Democratic Jlo>:se of Representatives, with
practically solid Republican opposition, made Colo
rado a state in 1-7* A Democratic House of Rep
resentatives made the Dakotas. Wyoming. Idaho,
Utah and Washington states, and they will save
the bacon of high protection In the present Con
It whs in ISfil that David L. (.raves, an "Old
Peveril of the Peak" of a man, found things out
of order on his blue grass farm in Marion County.
Ky. in ■ tit of discontent he sold th» place
and took in exchange a large quantify of whiskey,
which the federal authorities seized because of
some very disloyal speeches the old fellow delivered
on the streets of Lebanon. While II was In the
custody of th* United States authorities Congress
put a tax of $2 a gallon on whiskey, not yet pro
duced, which made that "in ease" very valuable,
and when the liquor of Graves was returned to him
its worth was Increased many fold and he bom it
for a sum that made him ■ rich man.
But all the while it was out of his possession
Graves was vociferous, emphatic and somewhat
profane In his denunciation of a government th it
was making him rich beyond his dreams, and in
deed, to his dying day. many years later, he kept
up his denunciation.
Fax* mm not be denied. I
Effusive Hospitality Without £-,
fcctiic Work.
London. June 5,
Mr. Bernard Partr has hit off the Imae-ja
Press Conference with his usual acumsn. Nt
cartoon in "Punch" portrays the British J» '
with paws outstretched in \ve!come to the cJJ
ni.-il cubs and with the words trembling o a y
lips, "We've arranged for you to have a rom.J
of dinners, luncheons, garden parties— and „_
ferenceav" To this the chorus of young lion*
sponds: "Splendid! Er— need we go to the cc.
ferences?" Certainly, the fifty-six reprej^jj/
tives of the colonial press need to drop o'j» tf j
something planned for their entertainment '«
less they have sinews of iron and atom,, «f
india rubber. In the course of nine days tter
are to be welcomed at the Imperial exhibition
the Foreign Office, the Houses of Tar!:aiaaal
the Mansion House, the Constitutional fjjgv
and Marlborough House; they are to wtti^
a sham battle of seventeen thousand men »
Aide:-- and an Imposing naval review; ti»
are to listen to oratory from the Prime Mai*
ter, the Speaker. Lord Rosebery and Mr. B»L
four; they are to be preached to at Weststa.
ster Abbey and entertained at the Duk» g
Sutherland's, the Duke of "U"e!lington'3, L»j
Falisbury'3, Lord NorthclifTe's. Jir. Arthur
Pearson's and other houses, and after contiaij.
ous Junketing In the metropolis they are to b»
turned over to the provinces and tr> Scot!jci
for another round of banquets, garden partlsj
and speechniakinp. London hospitality fci OT|
no bounds when royalty sets the style and th«rj
is an efficient committee oi* organization. Ti»
colonial premiers themselves during their w
rent visits to England have not had more *■»
for them than Is planned for this large body £
overseas press men.
The newspapers of th*» empire are *X99etaJ
to accomplish what statesmanship has b«a
unable to d.-> There has been a series of con
ferences at th*» Colonial Office from «a» to
time, but imperial federation ha 3 re-ialaed «
far removed as ever— a problem a3 dirScult is
the squaring of th«* circle. Colonial prealsn
were elevated to the dignity of membership !a
th* ri?ht honorable Privy Council; there haja>
been generous distributions of decoration* ed
compliments; Mr. Chamberlain has advocaad
preferential trade between the colonies and rh»
mother state, and Lord Elgin and 3lr. ChaKbill
have recommended co-operation in military d
naval defence and an approach to an adiatn*
trative council in which all portions of the en
pire could be represented. All these tUsai
have helped to create an atmosphere for tmp»
rial unity, but institutions are not air plaits,
They must be rooted in something mom na!»
rial than racial affinity or loyal sentiment If,
there are to be new growths with a vital fora
of their own. With al! the fervid talk about
common origin and destiny, little progress !a»
been made under the Unionist and Liberal ad
ministrations toward the establishment cf rep
resentative bodies In which the United Kteg
d..m and the loyal colonies can be brought •■>
gether. The main result cccomplished at tin
last colonial conference was the opening of an
information bureau with a small staff in Doma
ins Street. It was hardly more than a£3
mirror for reflecting traditions and opreioia of I
the Colonial Office. It was not a cour.: a I
which overseas commonwealths were »de- I
quately represented or where matters affectiss B
the Interests of the empire as a whole could t» jj
authoritatively discussed. ||
Will reform by newspapers be more effective H
than reform by premiers has been? Probably
not. if Mr. Partridge's forecast be fulfilled aad y
the younff lions of the colonial press are to b» U
overfed, petted and stroked down in continuoo M
junketing without being allowed to do an; ra 11
work in conference. There i 3 a prearrasja I
order of conference discussion, v.ith all-red pr»
agencies and cheap cable tolls as the lead;:;
numbers. There will be speeches, reports a^
resolutions on all these ciuestions; but wttß fia
pressure of public hospitality and social es
gaeementa it is probable that the conierescs
for business will be n^stected. There will D*
good feeling and fluent oratory, but little ana
tical work is likely to be done. As the preslen
in atten-linsr their conferences have comp'.ainrf
of lack of leisure for imperial business, wtes
they were overwhelmed with oratory and hos
pitality. SO the working journalists cf the self
gOTernlng colonies will find themselves is
capacitated for the serious labor? of their vafip
assemblr. There will be more atmosphere fcf
Imperial federation and no practi.--al gugy*
tions for organising a real parliament or COM
cil for the empire vor for systematize? tat
business and harmonizing the policies of ' M
mother country and the colonies.
The press conference would be more Irpor
tant than the last council of colonial preml*'
if it were to formulate a definite sche=« «*
the creation of a department for imperial aSt»
Independent and outside of the Coio:iia^f**
Mr. Deakin. the most eloquent and program
of the premiers attending the last confWtf*
emphasized the idea of equality of r: *" u^, ;y
federated partnership, and advocated * 7 "
representative council, with its own staff »
with the promise of the potency of a sov *^*
parliament for the empire. The Colonial O3»
raised object-on to this comprehensive scbeoa
and bureaucracy triumphed when the es "° l^'
ment of a news or information brancß^ •
authorized in Downing Street— a fresh 3 ***
mechanism for winding and nncoffing s? 00 * 3
of red t:«i>c That bureau is without tn^*j*"
In ascertaining or directing the collective P o^
of the empire. It Is controlled by official^
the Colon) Department and everyt fcin * o *s* 5
on as In the old days when Sir Bartle Fr«9
wirs recalled because Downing Street w * 3t **~
govern South Africa in its own way. *J*~^
reference to the experience of the pro-cousa. •
the. spot. A great stride would be taken in v
r.irectlon of imperial federation if
thicruia! colonial journalists now In Lor~_
;ou!d be Induced to advocate strongly th<* fonj
tlon of an administrative council, where
opinions of the Outlying commonwea!tßS_
military and naval defence, reciprocal p»~
ence in trade and other interests of t&e eciF
as a whole could be authoritatively exp. ■£
it would be the beginning of commercial
political federation— an advanced stage
evolution of an empire. But hi or ' '
th- foundations for this council the your, i'ibb
will need to go to the conferences ratne^ r .
the dinners.
Rome. June 13.-Queen Helena to-to-r^ Q
Lloyd C. Grlscom, the American - VmPa ~^ rt 4
farewell audience. This was an unusua- ""^
esteem, as it is customary for retiring amoaa
to be received only by the Kin?. - ■
The Kin? and Queen received Lieutenant tf
mander Reginald R. Bdknap. the naval 'V-'fir
whom they expressed thetr high apprecial^»
the work of the Americans in the ' lt2 *"" to*
They offered th.Mr con?rratu!ation9 cn > " ; 4a ai
ferrlng of citizenship of Messina on the *«*£ e^ ( .
Lieutenant Bucnar.an. Ensigns VCilcox »-a ._^
ford. Dr. Donelson ar.d John Elliott, the- So °r2snni
of Mrs. Julia Ward How* who acted as an—
In the construction of the American bouses.
Paris. June 10. .-President Failures *%***.&
\eiled a monument in the Jardin dcs P'^^."
memory of Jean Baptists de Monet u> LS»
the celebrated French naturalist, who dl -^ ,;
M. Lamarck became professor of natural &»"**
the Jardin ties Plantes In 1752.

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